FSR/E update

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Material Information

Title:
FSR/E update
Alternate title:
Farming Systems Research and Extension update
Physical Description:
6, 1 leaves : map ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Winter wheat -- Field experiments -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Agricultural extension work -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre:
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Summary:
Describes nine on-farm trials for growing winter wheat in northern Florida.
General Note:
Caption title.
General Note:
"October, 1981."
General Note:
Typescript.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 646069738
ocn646069738
Classification:
lcc - SB191.W5 F77 1981
System ID:
AA00007216:00001

Full Text


F S R / E U P DAT E

October, 1981


NORTH FLORIDA PROJECT

Winter Wheat

Following the Sondeo, it was decided that the most pressing problem of

the farmers was that of corn. This crop is traditional on small farms in

northern Florida even though on small farms it has never yielded much on a

per acre basis. It provides flexibility: it can be grazed if the failure

is nearly .complete, it can be hogged off, it can be fed, it can be stored

and it can be sold. But small farmers are desperately looking for an alter-

native crop. It appears to the FSR&E team that winter wheat may present a

good alternative.

Florida 301 has characteristics which make it appear to have potential

for the conditions of these farmers. It was decided to initiate several

farm trials to determine the adaptability of this cultivar to satisfy the

needs of the small farmers. As the trials were being readied, several

questions were posed by the farmers for which no reliable information was

available. This triggered some added experiments and one other on-farm trial.

On-farm winter wheat trials

Nine on-farm trails are now scheduled on nearly 300 acres (see lo-

cation on map). Soil samples and penetrometer readings have been made on

all fields and fertilizer recommendations have been delivered to five of

the farmers. IFAS information on Florida 301 was delivered to all collabor-

ators.

In all but one case, the penetrometer recordings indicated the presence

of compaction problems severe enough to be a limiting factor in corn produc-

tion, In 8 of 10 cases, farmers were unaware of the existence of this

problem.








Most farmers were interested in grazing the wheat during the winter

months, but little reliable information was available on this facet. One

on-farm trial was planned and planted to detect the effect of different

amounts of grazing on grain yield. This trial was planted on October 27.

Exclosures are being used to provide 4 replications of 5 or 6 treatments

(depending on date of removal of all cattle).

Winter wheat experiments on-station

Several farmers indicated a desire to plant the winter wheat as

early as mid October for grazing purposes. Again, little information was

availble.on the effects of such early planting dates, particularly with

grazing. A date of planting trial was set up on the Live Oak ARC with 6

planting dates ranging from October 21 into December. The first two have

been planted. On the BRU, in collaboration with Dr. Okumpaugh, Agronomy,

a time of planting x grazing experiment was established. The first plant-

ing date was October 30.

On the Agronomy Farm in Gainesville an experiment was established on

overseeding winter wheat in perennial peanut (mulch/no mulch x N x K20).

Land preparation was completed during the month.

Enterprise Records

Materials were prepared and tested for obtaining enterprise records

from small farmers to provide a realistic source of information on their

operations. Nine collaborators (the same as those with wheat trials) have

received the materials and have been instructed in their use. As part of

the instruction, information is being obtained on the cost of production

and the practices used in the traditional corn crop. Six corn records for

the 1981 crop are now complete. The other three are being completed. Now

that the materials have been tested, the number of collaborators will be

expanded.








Farm Visits

During the month of October, the team made 34 visits to farms. Usually

two, infrequently one and sometimes three members of the team made each visit

which lasted an average of over two hours each.

Perennial Peanut

Preparation is continuing on the nitrogen cycling experiment being con-

ducted on the Agronomy Farm in Gainesville in collaboration with Dr. Blue

of the Soil Science Department. This experiment is the dissertation project

for Ramiro Ortiz of the Agronomy Department. The purpose is to evaluate the

contribution made by perennial peanut to an annual N usage budget in a crop-

ping system.

To date, no herbicides have been cleared for perennial peanut. Ber-

muda grass has been a problem in establishing stands, so a screening trial

was initiated at the Live Oak ARC in October in collaboration with Drs.

Prine and Teem, Agronomy.

Data analysis was initiated on the results of the mulch/no mulch x fer-

tilizer x density of corn in perennial peanut experiment conducted this sum-

mer on the Agronomy Farm in Gainesville.

Meetings, Conferences, Field Days

A meeting was held on October 16 with the FSR/E Advisory Commitee of

IFAS Department Chairmen to report on the results of the Sondeo and the pro-

posed program for the next few months.

Personnel from the project attended the Swine Field Day in Live Oak on

October 8 and the Governor's Small Farm Conference in Ocala at the end of

the month.

A meeting was held with Dr. Rich and Dr. White of the Live Oak ARC on

September 30 to review progress of the FSR/E team and to discuss future col-

laboration.









A meeting was held with Dr. Smith, Extension Director of Suwannee

county on November 2 to update him on team activities.

The FSR/E Coordinator traveled to the University of Minnesota to con-

sult with the Department of Agricultural Economics on a Biological Nitrogen

Fixation Evaluation project and present a seminar on Farming Systems Methods

and the UF FSR/E Program.

Publications

Two abstracts were submitted to the Southern Regional Branch of the

American Society of Agronomy and one to the Society for Applied Anthropology.

Base maps for the Suwannee-Columbia Counties area were completed. Maps

showing the location of farmers interviewed in the Sondeo and of the location

of the on-farm wheat trials were prepared.

A slide presentation depicting the activities of the North Florida

FSR/E team to date has been prepared and is being used.

The Coordinator prepared an invited paper for the Farming Systems Re-

search Symposium at Kansas State University, Novemer 11-13. The title of

the Symposium is "Small Farms in a Changing World: Prospects for the Eight-

ies", The title of the paper is "Role, Potential and Problems of Farming

Systems Research and Extension: Developing Countries vs. United States".


INTERNATIONAL ACTIVITIES

University of Florida Contracts

The FSR/E Program Coordinator traveled to Ecuador October 4-16 to con-

sult with CONACYT and INIAP under the auspices of the USDA/UF Contract with

that country. The contract envisions a major Farming Systems component and

one of the purposes of this trip was to initiate discussions concerning im-

plementation.








A second purpose of the trip was to make recommendations concerning the

establishment of a new Farming Systems (PIP) team in the Napo area of the

upper Amazon in eastern Ecaudor and of the utilization of the results of the

work which has been done in that area over the past several years, partly

under a UF contract with INIAP. Three days were spent in the area. A draft

report was completed and has been submitted to CONACYT.

A third purpose was to present seminars and discuss the FSR/E methodol-

o.gy with different groups who will be working with the project. This acti-

vity plus working on the report of the Napo area were done during the second

week. Also during this week, Dean Woeste was on an orientation trip to

Ecuador. A trip to the Sierra and one to the western coastal plain were

taken with him.

Francisco Huerta of Ecuador visited the campus under the auspices of the

UF contract. A presentation was made to him on the FSR/E program in Florida.

USDA Cooperative Agreement

The FSR/E Coordinator traveled to Washington, D.C. on September 28 to

consult with the OICD and meet with a group from Portugal in preparation

for a consulting trip to that country October 13-24. The trip to Portugal

was made with George Clough of the north Florida FSR/E team and Ruth Harris

of Virginia Polytechnic Institute who also has a Cooperative Agreement with

the USDA. The purpose of the trip to Portugal was to help the Portuguese

and the USDA team formulate a Farming Systems sub-project to the USDA con-

tract with that country. As the visit progressed, the request was modified

to include a complete reorganization of both the research and the extension

services of that country so they will be better able to help the small farmers

make the adjustments necessary under the changing economic conditions fore-

seen when Portugal enters the European Common Market. In the northern part

of the country, 87% of the farms are smaller than 4 hectares in size and































and the majority of them are run by women whose men have migrated to northern

Europe for work or to the larger cities in Portugal. They are convinced that

the Farming Systems approach is necessary, but will need a great deal of

help in organizing the research and extension services if they are to be ef-

fective. A draft report has been written and is under review and revision.





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FSR/E


NORTH FLORIDA


STUDY AREA


COLUMBIA


TRIALS


WHEAT


1981-1982


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