Technical assistance program of forage research


Material Information

Technical assistance program of forage research a cooperative project between Jamaican Agricultural Research Program and the University of Florida
Physical Description:
10 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Kalmbacher, R. S
Ruegsegger, Gary
University of Florida -- Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Agricultural extension work -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Forage plants -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


The purpose of the technical assistance program of the University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is to provide guidance in the design and application of a forage research program in Jamaica. The ultimate purpose is to strengthen the existing research institutions so that they can serve the Jamaican livestock producers.
Statement of Responsibility:
Rob Kalmbacher, IFAS coordinator ; Gary Ruegsegger, Jamaican coordinator.
General Note:
Caption title.
General Note:
"First draft: July, 1989."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 610192043
lcc - S544.5.J25 T43 1989
System ID:

Full Text

FIRST DRAFT: July, 1989

Technical Assistance Program of Forage Research:

A cooperative project between Jamaican Agricultural Research Program

and the University of Florida.


The purpose of the technical assistance program of the University

of Florida is to provide guidance in the design and application of a

forage research program in Jamaica. The ultimate purpose is to strengthen

the existing research institutions so that they can serve the Jamaican

livestock producers.


The following are cooperative efforts of the University of Florida

faculty working through scientists in the Jamaica research system or with

producers cooperating with Jamaican faculpy~.

i) identify problem areas and design demonstration-type research

programs for the medium term (2 to 4 years).

ii) train scientists at the graduate level who will become part

of the research system in Jamaica.


The organization of the technical assistance program is presented

in Fig. 1. Funding for the program will come for the Jamaican

Agricultural Development Foundation (JADF) Jamaica Ministry of

Agriculture (MINAG), and Ul~. "S. Assistance in Dev 1ep (USAID), which

will be administered through the- University. oif Florida, Institute of Food

and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS),


Organization of the Technical Assistance Program
Forage Research

A Cooperative project between
Jamaica Agricultural Research Program
University of Florida

University of Florida

IFAS International Programs

Dr. Hugh Popenoe, Director

IFAS Coordinator

Dr. Rob Kalmbacher, Agronomist



Dr. George Wilson, Director
Dr. Lyndon McLaren, Asst. Director

Jamaican Coordinator

Dr. Gary Ruegsegger s

Dr. Paul Jennings, An. Nutrition

Grove Place:
Mr. John Logan, Agronomist

Montpelier: r". .-- `
Mr. Leo Hew, Director

Dr. Belal Ahmed, Agronomist

Dr. Paul Mislevy, Agronomist
Dr. BillBrown, An. Nutritionist

Animal Science:
Dr. Doug Bates, An. Nutritionist

Dr. Stan Schank, Plant Breeder
Dr. Lynn Sollenberger, Agronomist

Food and Resource Economics:
Dr. Peter Hildebrand,
Farm, Systems Dev.

Serge Is., Ltd.
Alcan, Ltd.
Turner, Ltd.

There will be two coordinators: Drs. Gary Ruegsegger in Jamaica and

Rob Kalmbacher in Florida at the Ona Agricultural Research and Education

Center (AREC). In their respective countries the coordinators will be the

liaison between administrative entities and scientists. The conduct of

the program of technical assistance will be the responsibility of the two

coordinators. In Jamaica, Dr. Ruegsegger will assist scientists at

Bodies, Grove Place, and Montpelier research stations and Caribbean

Agricultural Research Development Institute (CARDI) personnel with the

initiation and conduct of the agreed research and he will aid in problem-

solving. He will maintain contact with Dr. Kalmbacher in Florida about

progress, problems and the need for assistance from the University of

Florida faculty working on the project. In Florida, Dr. Kalmbacher wrill

be responsible for communication to cooperating scientists in areas

outside of their direct involvement in the project. He will coordinate

travel and graduate student training.

The list of names and institutions cooperating in the project (Fig.

1) is flexible, and people can be added as the need arises.


The contract period will be 4 years with provision for extension.

Tentative Research Program

The following experiments and demonstrations are based on those

outlined in "Priorities in Forage Research in Jamaica", which is a report

(August 1988) of the working group on Forage Research. These are most,

but not all, of the suggested projects outlined in the August 1988 report.

This tentative program is intended to provide a synopsis of the work and

the names of University of Florida scientists who will assist Jamaican

scientists and producers.

I. Work initiated September 1989 with field work to begin in Jamaica

in spring/summer 1990.

A. Forage introduction and evaluations.

1. Work at experiment stations.

a. Cynodon (especially stargrass), Pennisetum and

Hemarthria cultivars and promising experimental lines

will be evaluated in standardized trials at various

locations (perhaps with selected producers). Other

grasses, such as Chloris or Brachiaria may be

included. These will be replicated trials and dry

matter yield, persistence and forage quality will be

the response variables. IFAS scientists: Drs. Paul

Mislevy and Stan Schank.

b. Trials, which may be observational in nature, should

be started with potential legumes such as Viggg

parkedi or Rhizoma peanut (Arachis glabrata). If the

work has not been conducted, a collection of Leucaena

varieties should be evaluated in replicated trials.

IFAS scientists: Drs. Paul Mislevy and Rob


c. Grazing trials, designed for demonstrating animal

production from better grasses, should be initiated.

It is suggested that one stargrass be compared to a

standard grass for that area (viz pangola or

guineagrass) at three levels of stocking. This should

be a very simple trial to compare forage yield and

quality through animal performance. IFAS scientists:

Dr. Paul Mislevy and Bill Brown.

d. Develop a central laboratory for forage testing (in

vitro and crude protein analyses). This laboratory

will handle research samples and hay and silage

samples from producers. IFAS scientist: Dr. Bill


2. Graduate student training at the University of Florida.

As part of this objective graduate students will be

enrolled in the Agronomy Department for training. We at

the University feel strongly that effective training

results from frequent, if not daily, contact between

students and major professors. Students will work on a

project of research that is directly applicable to Jamaica.

For example, an agronomy graduate student could study the

effect of grazing time and intensity on animal performance

of cattle grazing elephantgrass (kinggrass) pastures.

These students will be part of the agronomy program in

Jamaica. They could be responsible for forage quality

analyses and data analyses as part of their compensation

for stipends from JADF. IFAS Faculty: Drs. Stan Schank,

~Lynn Sollenberger, Paul Mislevy.

B. Forage conservation

1. Field work in Jamaica

a. The production of hay and silage (probably "balage"

or round-bale silage) will begin as demonstrations at

one of the experiment stations. This will be a

demonstration of the techniques and methodology and

will be used as an extension tool. For example,

facilities necessary to carry-out ammoniation or

balage production will be used at field days. These

facilities will also be used to produce ammoniated

hay, non treated hay and balage used in simple feeding

trials at the experiment stations. At a very simple

level, urea vs. natural protein could be imposed on

hay and balage feeds. We emphasize that the

experiment stations can use these trials as a

s tepp ing -s tone to the producer level IFAS

scientists: Drs. Bill Brown and Doug Bates.

b. The second stage of the forage conservation project

will be to move from the experiment station to the

producer field to demonstrate the value and estimate

the acceptance of the practice. Selected producers

will be used. IFAS scientists: Drs. Bill Brown and

Doug Bates.

c. With producer acceptance and providing that the

opportunity exists for success, a JADF funded

commercial hay/balage venture should be undertaken.

The commercial operator would target sales to large

dairies and feedlots, use land such as Amity Hall,

develop a sustaining business producing quality


2. Graduate student training at the University of Florida for

the forage conservation program will largely be provided

by the Animal Science Department at the University of

Florida and Ona AREC. Graduate students will conduct

research work in Florida for their thesis. These projects

will have direct application to Jamaica. For example, with

silage production the student could study the effect of pH

buffering capacity on ensiling tropical grasses with

respect to species, dry matter content or fertilization.

A student could study effect of elephantgrass maturity on

its quality as ammoniated hay.

II. Work initiated in September 1991 with field work beginning in

spring/sumer 1992.

A. Forage management and utilization.

1. If it is agreed that leucaena or other fodder trees have

potential for protein supplementation, then studies will

be started to determine methods of establishing leucaena

and determining better density and configurations. This

work will be at the experiment station level. A promising

leucaena entry will be established by seed and as seedlings

into a prepared seedbed or into grass sod with various

methods of sod control. Variable density (5k, 10k, 20k,

etc, plants/ha) and configuration (rows and alley width

varying) which allow for multiple use of the companion

grass as hay or silage will be included. At a later date

promising treatments will be evaluated on cooperating

dairies and ranches. IFAS scientists: Drs. Lynn

Sollenberger and Rob Kalmbacher.

2. Graz ing trials to demonstrate ..the usefulness and

practicality of leucaena-stargrass systems will be carried

out. This could be done at the producer level or at the

experiment station. Animal production from the most

promising leucaena density and configuration will be

compared with an animal production from some alternative

such as nitrogen fertilized stargrass alone or grass plus

supplemental feed. IF'AS sicentists: Drs. Bill Brown, Lynn

Sollenberger, Rob Kalmbacher, Paul Mislevy.

3. Feeding trials to compare cut and carry vs. ammoniated and

non-treated elephantgrass hay will be used to demonstrate

the relative value of each form. This will be done at the

experiment station level. IFAS scientists: Drs. Bill

Brown and Doug Bates.

4. Demons trat ion of animal performance and s targras s

persistence with controlled grazing will be carried out

either at the experiment station level or at the producer

level. Controlled grazing will be compared to current

grazing practices. IFAS scientists: Drs. Paul Mislevy and

Lynn Sollnberger.

5. Treatments in grazing studies initiated in I.A.L.C. of this

report could be changed to include only stargrass with

three levels of N fertilizer at three stocking rates. IFAS

scientists: Drs. Paul Mislevy and Lynn Sollenberger.

B. Small farms program

1. Diagnostic studies to characterize feeding systems on small

farms will be undertaken to provide data on: crop-animal

production, cropping practices, feeding systems, methods

of pasture and fodder production, supplemental feeding, and

farm input/output. IFAS scientist: Dr. Peter Hildebrand.

2. The application of best management practices to small

producers will be undertaken through a demonstration

between small producers who do not apply such practices and

those who do apply them. For example, ten small producers

who work with the existing satellite dairy program will be

selected. Half will be instructed on planting and use of

leucaena, elephantgrass or they will be supplied balage or

hay in the dry season. The other five producers will

conduct management as usual. Milk production will be

monitored along with other aspects of the operation.

Results will be reported at a field-day or tour. IFAS

scientists: Drs. Hildebrand, Mislevy, Brown.

III. Responsibilities of IFAS faculty in the technical assistance


A. Assist in the coordination and direction of research and

demonstrations in Jamaica. This requires that cooperating


faculty be willing to travel to Jamaica for periodic, short-

term visits.

B. Supervise graduate studies. There are six to eight graduate

scholarships proposed for this program. These people should be

trained so that they can return and carry-out useful research

in Jamaica.

C. Organize two workshops regarding improved forage production.

These workshops will be held in Jamaica and might deal with

topics like forage conservation or new grass introductions and

their management.

D. Provide technical consultation (on ad hoc basis).

E. Assist in establishing analytical services in Jamaica or, for

specialized services, assist in obtaining such services within

the University of Florida.

F. Provide new germplasm of potentially useful forages.

G. Provide access to library services.

IV. Budget. At the present time it is not possible to formulate a

budget for the technical assistance program. We expect that after

the trip to Jamaica in September that a financial statement could

be prepared by December 1989.