Asian Women in Agricultural Resources and the Environment (The AWARE Program)


Material Information

Asian Women in Agricultural Resources and the Environment (The AWARE Program)
Physical Description:
12, 4 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development
United States -- Asia Environmental Partnership
United States--Asia Environmental Partnership Program
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Women in development -- Developing countries   ( lcsh )
Agricultural assistance -- Developing countries   ( lcsh )
Agricultural development projects -- Developing countries   ( lcsh )
Sustainable development -- International cooperation   ( lcsh )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )


Statement of Responsibility:
submitted by Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development.
General Note:
Cover title.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 754952899
lcc - HQ1240 .A8 1994
System ID:

Full Text
I r Lsiz>l/n~t~c-RcLtlu Y

;n W~viometlin Agricultural Resources

and the Environment

(The AWARIE Program)

Submitted by:
Winrock International~ Institute
for Agricultural Deve;Lopment

March 22, 1994

A-sian Wonme in Aqric~ultural Resources and the Environment-AWARE

I. Workshop Rationale

A. Statement of the Problem
A~s population pressure, environmental degradation, and pollution continue to increase at alarming
rates, the need for effective management ofthe natural resources of Asia's diverse eco~systems is
becoming acute. Increased capability in natural resource management is critical for conserving fragile
resources and implementing sustainable development programs in each country in Asia.

In Asian agro-ocosystems, wfomen are the primary resource users. The realitics of agriculftual
production throughout Asia point to women as critical food producers and natural resource users and
managers. As prirnary mnaguers olf the complex ecology and economy of subsistonot households,
Asian women are among th~e most experienced practitiorner of sustainability but they as not always
efficient or effective.

Asian women's role in environmental and natuml nresurces manragemnt is seharaterted-bydinanity.y
This is, in part, the result of the diverse cultural and political traditions and resources evident in Asia.
For instance, educational systems in Asia place varying emphasis on the education of women. This is
significant because education is a critical factor in promoting development sad raising the status of
wvomnr. Improvements in womon's education have been linked to higher productivity, better healh and
nutrition, lower fertility, and reduction in poverty. Educational systems are also an impottanrt means
through which women can gain awareness of their role as managers of agricultural resources aind the

The important contributions of Asian women to natural rsource management are not reflcted in
access to education and training, credit, extension services, technical role models, leadership positions,
and policy-making arenas. Government agencies and NGOs working with rutal people are awam of
the enormous role played by womenl as natural resource users but have been unable to address gender
issues associated with indigenous use and management.

Those few women who do have educational credentials in agricultural resources, environmental social
science, forestry, natural resource management, and rural social sciences areoften faced with
institutional or social maritrs to employment and advancement. as well as to poitical repr~~~lsnr
Insitut~-ionibrs oresposie for natural resource management continue! to lack the ability tor~-i7~ how
gender issues affect natural resource management and consrwvationr by rural people.

The focus of this program is to develop and expand the role of Asian womecn, and their organizations,
as environmental professionals and as participants in environmental decision making. This will be
done by building professional and organizational linkages between Asian women in the environmental
f told, by facilitating workshops for thaem on these issues and exchanging key personnel, and by fielding
environmental action teams. The resulting network of Asian women who are environmental
professionals also will be linked Ito businesses, non-govemmental organizations and govemmenrt
agencies in the U.S. which share their concern for promoting environmental awareness.

B. Summary of the Program
The goal of the Asian Women in Agricultural Resources and the Environment (AWARE) Program is
to contribute to food security and environmental sustainability in Asia, where women are responsible
tFo a significant percent of domestically-consumed produce andi are primatv~ resource users in the Asian
agro-ecosystems. The purrpose of the AWARE3 Program is to provide leadership training, create

Wifnrock Intemrnatinal

WYinrock laternational

supportive networks. and formulate an action plan .to mobilize w~omen lea__~derbin the 1oiy
management, research. extension, and entreprneuwrship areas of the agriculturl and environmental
sectors in Asia.

:cdTrininsr The AWARE initiative w~ill provide leadership training and support for a critical mass of
-c grofesionarsnl .women mdakon actvi vo will form a new cadre of environmental leaders across
Asia leaders who will be guided by th~e application and relevance of their work to rural fanners and
cormmunities. Ap b'etiv of the AWARE Program is to prepare women to be environmental
le... Iaders through The aim is to develop a new generation of~iom~~~~O
\women leaders for policy, training and extenion, research, sad entreprunncuial positions hi
C~ agriculturaveaviromnmntal fields.

If more women are prepared for and in positions of natural resource managecment and agricultural
leadership, they can change policies to support the sustainabic use of resources in areas of r~esteah,
production, and technology. As scientists, women can shape the research agenda, and provide relevant
data on frtmers, including women, as well as professionals throughout the system.- As
envi.romnmntally-aware leaders, wcmaen can expand the participation ofwomen at all levels of society in
agricultural and natural resources decision making. Finaly, in the field, wao ct~a wkman
apply gender-sensitive policies, appropriate research and methods to the workday realities of fanners,
both female and male.

Winrock's AWARE initiative will begin programming in Asia through. leadership development l
workshops in each of the participating countries. These AWARE Leadership Workshops will enhance
the leadership skills of core group of women who can provide leadership in~c~~~t?~f~oLoo~f
women as environmental and natural resources decision makers. Tll> workshops will train women
leaders in effective leadership skills and will also train gotraiaer who can continued the work of training
additional women leaders. A fmal rqog rladership eeomn will consolidate tbo
lessons learned through the program and will proveda an opportunity for participants to build
professional and organizational linkages between Asian women as leaders in the fields of natural
res~ourcmue managemnt rl~andarclu
'g Nationl Tsk Force A National Task Force will be established in each country by the cooperating
gct The National Task Force will be responsible for guiding the implementation of this Prjcidt~
-~ and developing the mechanisms to operationalize the strategies that resul from the Project.

Netwforkina and Montorship: An important component in fostering leadership is the support of follow
women professionals, both within and between different levels of professional achievement and
experienced. Such horizontal nd vrical. networking can provide a forum and support network for
women in the fields of natural resource management and agriculture. This approach to fostering
professional leadership may also be a valid strategy for fostering political leadership by women.
Nentworking commonly leads to mentorship, which has been cited time and again as a key factor to the
success of women in various fields, and may also be a means to advance women as successful political
leaders. Workshops will provide the seeds for networking wvhich will be facilitated and encouraged so
that benefits of the leadership training can be carried to the different countries, institutesr and
communities from which the participants hail.

Networking will also be emphasized betw-een Asian women's rural and environmental organizations.
Such linkages promote information sharing and may provide tho serganrizations-with-cew-naternativer

A~sian Wonme in Agricurltural Resource~s and the Envcironkment*A WARE

to address the needs of the women they represent. Alsro, at the national level through the combined
etforCts that may result from such linkages, wvomen's organizations can increase their leverage in
environmental and natural resources policy matters. Workshops will encourage such actworidag
between women's organizations as one- of the most effective means to democratize the role of wfomen in
envlronmental decision making.

Action Plan: An action plan to mobilize women's leadership on environmental issues will be devloped,
promoted and supported through the foregoing components of traimag, netwrkrling and mentorship. his
action plan will be developed by women professionals with equal importance given to the councem of
w-omen ranging from grassroots activists to higher academic and political levels. Workshops will be a
avenue through which to prepare and validate the action plan.

The action plan will promote strategies to excpantd the leadership role of Asian women as decision
makers in developing environmental and natural resources policies. Th11 action plan will also build an
enabling environment for the employment and advancement of professioarl women in these fields
through collaboration and involvement of male colleagues, mentors, and key individuals and instihttions.
This action plan will be presented to the United Nations Confernce on Women in Beijing in 1995.

These strategies will be institutionalized in Asia through national and regional action commnittees, loope
term gi-ferry srippitry: and networks, mentor programsr, gender network centrs role
model programs for young girls, and other support mechanisms for women leaders and professional
fwomen. To the extentc possible, these women will apply their activities and/or prqjects to addressing
environmental issues that concern women. Special anenrtion will be given to include women in the
following strategic disciplines and issues:

*... Environmental Policy, Managemenrt and Training
... Natural Resource Management
... Water Use Policies and Practices
*... Land Use Policies anrd Practices
... Renewable Energy
*... Forestry and Agroforestry
... Aquaculture
*... Integrated Post Management

Besides preparing women to serv as lei~adrs, role models and mentors for other ~women thePpormI
will magnify its impact by including hundreds of other professionals and stakeholders managers,
researchers, extcasion agents, or entrepreneurs in national and regional networks, forums
mentoring, country strategies, a seed grants programs internships, and other outreach programs.

This AWARE proposal outlines a program that wtIll lay a foundation of excellence for succeeding
generations of women in natural resource management and related programs in rural social sciences
and agriculture. Given the vast diversity withinl Asia. cach country will need to design and implement
a program carefully tailored to local conditions. Each country involved in the program has its own
distinct culture and level of development. Needs will vary regarding levels of training, disciplines,
numbers of women professionals, enrichment activities, network building, and institutional
strengthening. The program will be implemented in phases and extended to other developing countries
in Asia.

ICifirock Intemrr~naoal

, ~ ~P ~~ ~*

Hinrock Intenrnationa

A-sian Woimen in Alpicultrarrl Resources and Usre Environneent*A WAlRE

The initial focus of the program will be in four or five countries with critical environmental problems,
These countries will be determined in consultation with USAID. The program wcill culminate in a
rc~it~l~rkhogthat wzill prepare a critical number of women trained in select countries to, first.
develop leadership skills within their organizations and communities; second, develop a regional
network of professonal women involved in environmental and natural resources issues; and, third,
develop an action plan that identifies and sets priorities for environmental and rl re
policies affecting women that need reform. "~~~~p

II. Workshop Framework ~

A. Workshop Goal
To empower women as community, national, and regional leaders in order to provide direction an~d
insight for the fUture of environmental and natural resornces development.

B.~~~~ W o ks o P rp s
*To empower Asian women through strengthening their capabilities in communication team
building, organizational and leadership skills. ,Ut' 0
*To create a forum for dialogge. ath sign ficant deranmicr u' rto gender and natural
resource and agricultural sustainability m '

*To develop and support network building betwoon women in both a horizontal (peer) and a vertical
(different levels of experience and educiation) manner. This networking will theilitate mentoring,
which is proven in fostering successful women profescsionalsc.

*Creation of an action plan by and for Asian women in order to promote strategies to expand ths.
leadership role of Asian wvomen as decision makers in developing environmental and anaturl
resources policies.

C. Workshop Outputs

The primary purpose of the AWARE Leadership Workshops is to enhance the leadership skills of a
core group of women who can provide leadership in democratizing the role of women as environmental
and natural resources decision makers. These workshops will provide c~ountry~specific learning
situations for Asian women concerned writh leadership and institutional change in environmental and
natural resources development. The workshops' objectives are to;

First, prepare a critical number of women trained in select country to develop leadership skills
within their organizations and communities. The leadership skills fostered by these workshops will
include the ability to understand organizational structures, relationships and channels; ed'ectively
communicate, educate and train: guide team operational skills in problem solving and consensus-
building; and, apply those processes and concepts to their own situations, both professional and
Second, develop a regional network of women professionals and women activists involved in
environmental and natural resources issues.

n Agricultura Reouce ndth nvromntAWR

And, third. ev an; acuon plan Ihat identifies and sets prionrites for environmental and nanturl
resour e~poicie,affecting women that need reform. The action plan w~ill promote the role of
women ~VeaEders in determinmng Asia's long-term environmental and natural resources
development needs.

c~-y~3 i
c- "S~

III. Workshop Plan

a 4 *

A. Regional Planning Workshop

At the start of the Project the Regional Project Coordinator, in consultation wvith USAID WID
,~ officers, will identify) and recruit host country womons environmental coordinators. Those
/~ coordinators will be recruited by drawing on formal and informal networks of women in the field of
environmental and natural resources development. Representative networks include the network of

Asia Environmental Pantnership, as well as Winrock's network of women alumni. USAID Of~iees
will approve all local recruits. Once recruited, the host country coordinators will begin to prepate brr
the first National Leadership Workshop in each of their countries.

B. National Task Fo~L~rces

A National Task Force will be set up by the per~-~-~jatin mistyn ahountry with thehelp ofth
wormens environmental coordinators (domestic) i)Sfio project. The Task Force will act as
the liaison between the govemmnent and the Project team to facilitate the work of the latter and to keep
appropriate of~cials in the government informed of on-going progress and results of the assarth.
Task Force members will advise and counsel the Project team both informally and, moe fiomrmaly,
through periodic meetings. Exhey will also assist the Project team in gaining access to govmerametal
and nontgovemmental institutions, for example, to obtain documents, to identify key informants, and to
sert up inte~rviews with key personnel.

The National Task Forces wrill be established within two folowl~in approval of the Project,
and may already have begun to hold meetings by the tune of project startup. Once the Task Forces
are functional, they will decide on a mode of operation and appoint leadership man responsibilities
within the group. The Regional Project Coordinator will begin coordinating with the National Task
Forces from the time of project start-up.

Meetings between the Regional Project Coordinator and the Task Forces will be scheduled at regular
intervals, and the Regional Project Coordinator will also interact continuously with Task Force
members outside of regularly scheduled meetings. The Project Team will work closely with Task
Force members to develop appropriate mechanisms to guarantee implementation of national action
plans. The National Task Force will be involved in organizing a second national workshop to
sensitize policyrmakers on gender issues in environment and natural resources development and to
develop mechanisms for the implementation of the national action plan.

C, National and Regional Workshops

LeadCtship Workshop oDbjctives: Objectives of the leadership workshops are to promote woamen as k
environmental leaders and to develop strategies to identify environmental and natural resources policies

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I~inrock International

Asianr is smen in Agiclt ra Reo r e and th Envi ronment-A 4R

Jffecting women that need reform. Once these reforms have been given pnority, workshop participants
will develop a national action plan to promote wvomen's participation and leadership in developing and
advocating alternative policies addressing resource use.

The workshop will emphasize processes that build leadership skills. selfoonfidence, and increase
awareness of environmental and natural resources issues among participants through dialogue.
Workshop components will include personal assessment, goal setting, and action plan development for
women activists and professionals. These workshops wsil take place at the national leve. A Final,
regional workshop will be held in Manila and will consolidate project learning and provide an
opportunity to develop a regional network of women leaders.

Issues addressed by the action olan: The action plan component of the workshop includes the design of
individual strategies and responses based on key workshop exerrcises. Among the key questions that
will be posed to workshop participants are the following:

What are the greatest barriers to the advancement of women as policy leaders and as professionals
in the field of environment and natural resources development in your country?

How much contact is there wvith women leaders and role models in the environmental field?

1h What are the most important leadership skills in your cultural context and what are youredrsisskls

How, if at all, are roles and expectations of women professionals and women policy advocates
different from those of men involved in the environment and natural resources?

*Are there requirements for advancement in environmentally and natural resources disciplines, such as
extended field work, that disproportionately constrain professional ~womn?

How can women' participation in environmental and natural resources decision making be
supported and encouraged?

an "old bov" th aonma and natural resources fields and what can be done
to improve women' access to it?!

environmental professionals and political activists?

$ What can be done to create positive role models? 6 3(
*What are the most valuable things that an environmental women's network can do in your country?

59~~ (How are the relationships among and be~twren women professionals? betwrecn women activinsts
~ ~ bet~tween professionals and activists?! Are they supportive or competitive? Does this vary among
Peers or levels of advancement? Hiowr can relationship among women in the workplace and as
political leaders in the environmental field be improved?

-(sianWomenin Agrcultual Reourcesand te Envionmen-AWAR

Key; issues will be identifying perceptions of` women as environmental professionals and activists that
are cutlturally valid, perceptions dzat can or should be changed, perceptions that imply a change needed
on the part of men and women, and strategies to counter stereotypical behavior, language, and pattides
among both groups. k~~s\,"c

The National W~orkshops: A( two-dh national workshop will be hold in each of the five countries
organized by the National Tajsk-F6rce in collaborationr with the womens environmental coordinator
(domestic). Workshop participants will be selected by the National Task Force. Each workshop will
host about 30 participants. The objective of the first National Leadership Workshop is to enhance the
leadership skills of a core group of women who can provide leadership as environmental and natural
resources specialists.

The objectives of the second National Leadership Workshop is to promote women as environmental
leaders and to develop ntrategies to identify environmental and natural resources policies s afctn
women that need reform. Related workshop objectives will be to sensitize policymakerse and
operational staffto gender issues in environment and natural resources; present the national strategy
and program for improving women's role in environmental and natural resources development; and
solicit their support for it. In a workshop format. participants will be asked to develop an action plan
for the implementation of the national strategy. The Regional Project Coordinator will attend the
national seminars to draw lessons for the design and implementation of the regional seminar.

The Regional Leadership Workshop: The Regional Project Coordinator, in consultation with USAID
staff will plan and conduct a two-day regional workshop for wlicymakers and experts on the role of
women as leaders in the field of environment and natural resources development in the regica, as well
as staff of USAID. The workshop wuill host about 20 participants. The workshop will sock to
integrate the results of the national w~orkcshops into a regional strategy.

The specific objectivess of the regional worrkshop include:
*sensitizing participants to gender issues in environment and natural resources development;
informing them of the status of the role of women in the five participating countries, and the
country and regional strategies and programs for that will promote the leadership role of women in
environment and natural resources development;
developing their capacity to operationalize the strategies within the context of their own work; and
fostering leadership in support of fellow women professionals and activists, both within and
betwoon different Icvols of achievement and experience.

The Regional Project Coordinator will prepare background documentation for the workshop drawn
from womapns environmental coordinators and national task forces. The workshop will be conducted
using participatory methods such as group discussions, role play, and simulation exercises. After the
workshop the Regional Project Coordinator wll submit a report on the proceedings that includes the
materials used to conduct the seminar.

Another important goal of the AWARE program that will be furthered by the Regional Leadorship
WVorkshop is to build the capacity to institutionalize and continue Icadership development workshops
for women environmental professionals. Trained in-country professionals will conduct future
l~eadership programs by working wvith the Winrock leadership expert in preparing and implementing
these worlkshops.

Winrock latrnatUional

Ifkrock Ilternational

A-sian W~omen in Ag~riculktural Resources and thre Environment-4AWARF

Winrorck international's Asia Regional Office in Manila will serve as secretariat for the network ~of
environmentally-aware women leaders that results from the workshop. Winrockr is prepared to provide
leardership and to be liaison to promote the regional action plan and follow-on efforts. Winrock will
seek sponsorship accordingly. Winrock will be prepared to present the regional workshop's results at
the United Nations World Conference on Women in Beijing in September, 1995.

Institutionalizing the Program

~The scope of the project is pan*Asian. gerneraional and decado-long. Generations of wornen in
developing Asian countries will benefit from changes in environmental institutions and available
knowledge about the environment and natural resources. These changes will expand the impact of the
program far beyond the number of direct beneficia~ries. The'''''''''' commitment is long term at least a
decade to make a sigruficant change in the leadership capabilities of female professionals and
activists and how they are recognized, rewarded, and encouraged to exercise leadership in
environmental arenas.

The program is strengthened by a commitment to help institutionalize the success esad lay the
foundations for future women entering environmental fields as either professionals or activists. The
AWARE Program will assist the creation of now associations and networks at regional and national
levels, and set up national fora highlighting issues faced by farmers, female and male. These activities
will help build permanent links between environmental policies and research and the practices of mral
women and men.

Women environmental activists and professionals wvill attempt to ink their work in policy, programs,
and research to the needs of rural women and men. One way to do this is to ensure that rurl
inhabitants, whether male or female, have access to conservation information, extension sorice
credit, and now technologies.

IV, Program Assrumptionrs

The design of the program, based on overr 33 years of Winrock experience with fellowship and
research programs in Asia as well ars the experience of the African Women's Leadership Program in
Agriculture and the Enviro~nment. is predicated upon those assumptions:

*increasing the number of women trained in agricultural resources and the environment will improve
the po~_lcy analysis and teaching in environmental and natural resource managemnat areas;
1stlidiimc trainmlif strengthened wvith leadership and gender analysis skills:
c lollit6,i;ion ars the~ key to program continuity; and
institution -bSuildA;i and creating an enabling environment are critical to realize the short* and long-
term benetfsit~f the program.

,-1sian Women in Agcric~ultrarl HRsorrcers and thre Entvironment-AdWARE

V. Project Management

Winrock International will manage the project from Winrck's Asian Regional Office (ARO), located
in Manila, the Philippines. The Regional Coordinator will be assigned to the ARO. 'this will casure
close coordination with the domestic consultants and Tasrk Forces in each of the five participating
countries, as well as savings on international travel costs. Efficient scheduling olfoonsultancies and
close monitoring by the Regional Project Coordinator will ensure that all activities are completed on
schedule. Full consultation with the designated host country agencies, and especially the Taske Forces,
will generate collaborative w~ork~ing relationships and enhance noods assessment, strategic planning
and program formulation.

At the start of the Project the Regional Project Coordinator, in consultation with USAIID WID
officers, will identify and recruit host country women environmental coordinators. USAID Of~ors
will approve all local recruits.

Coordination with Winrock's Headquarters in Arkansas and the Winrock ofiico in Washington, D.C.
will facilitate smooth implementation and backstopping, and across to important intbrmation
databases, such as INTERNET and the World Bank database of "Organizations in the Middle East
3 and Asia Working in WID." Winrock's field office in Bangkok can access key documntrm~ian centers
at the UNESCO principal regional office for Asia and the Pacific, the FAO regional of~toe for Asia
and the Pacific, and the Women's Development Section of the Social Development Divisionr of
ESCAP. Winrock will develop now databases of key individuals and institutions working in
environment and natural resources development, gender research, and WID programs, and others
databases will be provided to the Task Forces and to USAID. Winrock will bring its proven ability to
manage national and regional networks to its role in supporting the Nartiona Task Porces, and
assisting in the coordination orfnational and reginal workshops.

?lie Winrock approach to this project will encompass not only the faictors and issues surrounding the
role of women in environment and natural resources development, but also broader strategies to
guarnmtes full participation by women in all facets of social and economlic development. '05@ Winock
technical assistance team will develop a replicable framework for similar approaches to leadership
building, using methodologies that permit region~wide comparison of trends and pattomns relating to
gender and environmental issues.

Winrock larternational

Itf brock Intrnatrional

AJsian Wonmen in of ric~ltural Resources and ther Environment-dWARE

VI. Appendix: Selected Activities to Date

Winrock latemational is an independent, nonprofit, tarx~xempt organization for natural resources
research, education, development, and training. It implements and manages projects for clients and
donor agencies such as the Asian Development Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization, Ford
Foundation, International Fund for Agricultural Development, Rockefeller Foundation, United
Nations Development Program, USAID, and World Bank.

Winrock provides technical assistance and expertise, trains futture leaders, and conducts research in
all areas of forestry and natural resource management. It is implementing more thran 20 such.
projects globally, in cooperation with the line agencies, nongovernment orgaanizaions, and other
private voluntary organizations.

Projects ranging from agrof'orestry networking to uplands m~anagemrent, with research,
experiimentation and training components, are the basis for Winrosck's comrmiatment to work in
natural resource management and agrimilture worldwide. Selected projects follow.

Biomas Energy Systems and Technology. Promoting environmentally sound production of
energy based onr renewable fuelsp from agriculture and forestry, encouraging commerce in products
associated with rnewvable energy systems, and facilitating the participation of private businesses in
renewable-energy activities.

Forestry/Fuewood Research and Development (USAID). Aiding small farmoss in mooting their
fiulwood and other twoe-product needs by establishing the Multipurpose Tree Species Research
Network for biological and social scientists to focus on improving tim production and use of thes
trees. Twelve countries of South and Southeast Asia are cooperating in mulrtilocation filid trials,
comparative regional studies, cooperative research, training, and researchr grants.

Asia Specific Country Projects
Bargladesh: Agroforestry and Participatory Support Program (Ford Foundation).
Strengthening the capacity of the Bangladeshi government and NGO staffk to develop agroforestry
and participatory ~forestry programs.

India: Natural Resource Economic Research and Capacity Building (Ford Foundation).
Conducting economic research on the productivity and sustainability of soil and water resources
related to India's semiarid tropics, and assisting agricultural universities: in conducting research and
providing graduate education on the economics of soil and water resources in semiarid tropical

Philippines: Upland Development and Social Forestry (Ford Foundation), Strongthening the
capacity of the DEN~R to implement a participatory social forestry program.

Philippines: Natural Resource Management Project Monitoring and Assessment
Component (USAID). Develops indicators to assess effectiveness of policy interventions to
improve management of the environment and natural resources in the Philippines.

Wtnf eck Ianlatenatinl

Asian Wo~men in Agricublural Resources anrd the Enrvironment--4W4RE

Thailand: Resource Management N'etwork (ford Foundation. Winrock). Orgamating research
networks and providing trnuing, fcllows~hips, and research grants for natural resource management

Indonesia: Java Social Forestry Project (Ford Foundation, Winrock). Providing technical
assistance in agroforestry methods and design to the Forest Research institute's programs in social

Nepal: Clonal Propagation of Pine Trees saidID). Building a treootissue culturer laboratory for
rapid clonal propagtrion of superior for~est trees to help alleviate massive defo~restation.

Nepal: Policy Analysis in Agric'ulture and Related Natural Resource Management (Ford
Foundation, GTZ, USAID). Strengthening policy analysis capabilities in Nepal's Ministry of
Agricultiure and related institutions by sponsoring graduate delgree fellowships at Asian
universities, providing grants for research and seminars, sponsoring nondegree training, an
conducting research.

Nepal: Raptl Rural Development (US AID). Building local capacity to increase agricultural and
forestry productivity in the Rapti zone of westomn Nepal. Primary contractor wvas D~eve, lInc.

Environmental and Natural Resource Policy Training Project Technical Assitancee
Component (USAID). Project activities include research, training, and technical assistance under
the sponsorship of USAID filod missions and regional bureaus. Project is implemtstled bry the
Winrook International Environmental Alliance, a partnership of? 18 institutions that represent a
mature capacity for policy analysis, formulation, and implementation in environmental rad natural

Gender and the Environment: Lessons from Social Forestry lad Natural Resouresa
Managementt (AKFC). Developed a workshop for 2S international development professionals on
gender issues in forPestry and natural resource manlagement.

African Women Leaders in Agriculture and the Environment (Banbury, Ford, IrfA, RBF,
UNDP, others). Developing and managing a long-temt\ program to prepare a generation ofAfkican
women for leadership in agricultural and enlvironmentally-related sciences to enhance f~ood security
and environmental conservation by providing academic fellowships, leadership and short~term
training, access to positions and professional advancement, country and regional strategies and

Benin: Natural Resources Management (World Bank). Advised on the organizational and
human resources components of a proposal for a natural resources management project.

U.S.: Strengthening Leadership for Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource
Management (Pow). Developing training materials in leadership and integrated analysis for
professionals in agricultural and rural development, then using the materials in a series of

_ .~~asian I Womn~ in Agricurltural Resources and ther Environmcnt--A WARE

Asian Fellowship Program (AIDAB, Winrck). Sponsoring master's level graduate degree
training in the rural social sciences at universities in Thailand. Malaysia, the Philippines, and
Australia for students from South and Southeast Asia.

Pakistan: Development Support Training II (USAID). Providing technical assistance to the
ag~ricultural training components in areas of leadership and comnmunicationi to profeJsionls~ in
public and private sectors of Pakistan. Primary contractor: Academy for Educatiornal

Argentina: Fellowship Program (IDB). Supporting graduate studies outside Assention for 202
staff members of the National institute of Agricultural Technrology (INTA) I10 for masters
d~egres 76 for doctoral degrees and 14 for nondogree training programs. Also provided 128
pennmots~ of short-tenn training and study tours for INTA personnel.

Pan Afriean Networks for Rural Social Science Research (Ford Foundation). Providiag small
research grants and other support to build capabilities of Africans in the: rura social sciences.

Winrock Inmernaiona~l


Activity Montle
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10O Il I2 13
t.Eslablish Project Management Unit at Regional

3. flame Office Gcordination anld liaison with other
consulranls, National Tas~k FoCrce: melbers, and
UISA ID staff~ hamil~cd out of Whairock Asian

4 Tas~k forne eablihed~a in each of fie cuntre
,5. Imrct lwith Trs~k Force memtus andt project
conslultants to fad~iitate nelworking betwcco

6.Identify and initiate contacts wite Pwomend
organizations in largeled conununicis that are
active in environmental, nausali resource, or naral

7. Prpare aml design Naticani Ilcadership Workr-

E.Brief Taskl Force members on fin~aership wo~rkshop
maInding~ly ami the anticipusedx nreulls in Pcal

9.Conduict Nationlal Ihaderhip Workshbops in each
10i Prepare a docuarnt to fac~ilitate mmactwori (a

IL_ Distributlediretories wIthitn am lettweu

12. Envmomemaleaa eders wrork wriththeiroo~lkagins
to identify rhe key issons affecting women's
ar~ageentof natural sesouracs


a J r I 1 -

13. Review ideadie~id issues with Task Force members
to dctanntine specific ecnviousunenal policies that
need to be se formed or inuelducedl
14. Prepare a National Workshop in develop an
National Action Plan to:
aI) P~romote women as envirolnmentall I~cadrs
t4 Deelopstratgiestoavocate pokeY rmforms
15. Brief Task Frce members on ledadship workshop
malhcodology ;and the anticipated rsusus in each
co~untry modifyinr the wlorkshoo accrdinxly

16. Conduct National Leadership Workshops in ach
of live countries
17. Draft environmental action plans to stmulate
womern's ledadship in cavironmeara policy
fannolaton in each of live countries
18. Finalizer National Envirownmealal Actionr Plans
houhTaskJ Force Review
19. Sub~mit t ISAID the inal Actio Pl~ans,
idcatifying: prioity calvironmcana issues andl
stapisfor wmasucs' activism in each cnr
20. Papore ad submit btackgsound docusictateon
for the rgoa okhp
21. Prepa e mconduct einlorso
22 Pepreand ulak aspot an sinlw so
2.Pseaen t ab Regional Westaihogf rrtas iat the
United Natiorn World Conferaccean Weamae in
Beiiina: in Scorember, 1995



7 8 9 10



3 4 5

12 1 13


- r- 1 ~~UNIT YEAR r I I-

-~----C -I -I --

_. .- -L I I- I

R~ino roetCoordinator (Asla) 13 .0 3.0

todSarlade 174 160oaIX) otal Person Monthrs

Beest*45y41 8.100l benems for

Altrans/Ianct Sea Tasotto
R~lno roetCoordnator. 10l 90C 9.000PY) 2 tr Monto to 5countles
Dealanal~~~ ~~~ Ledrsi TriigSeils .800 2.800 1 Itr USA to Mianllor

Per filrn
Coordinatori 100~ S ~10 oI 5.1_qlD w
25k~ ~ 10 2,ti( ICnris 2
40 100 6 100~rttes 5

Alscelneous hrave Epre
Moe~~~~h~0 100eb~e 6,200to ral 2ezwv CKU
Vbcr~~~~3 SC ospr 0 1JS~i io

Asian Wornen in AgriReource & Environment (AWARE)


_~__ _






2 eneathgs x 2 daysx 6 nt les


Reioa I oisipWlio 1 300 3.000

TOTAL tEGIONL ACItfilY 1 3,000

'laskr Force Meeng 2020 4
Nationot M 2 E 1000


Rent and Ut#les 12 400 480

-- -
1 I I I

Ofalce Supis&Poocph 12 400 4800


Commu~nlootions 51.0 6~00
Posop /C urer5 00 500

_~~~~ __ __

__~ _

Plaeedng ofItrntoa Warllaops 8( 60 5,00








Otuce Suppiles t P a


01 000

Proceedinuso Nollonal Resulls Wasishops



: ort e)VL ssa~ annU n Star3U

Attached is my marked copy of the WI~D/Winrock proposal. As' you are aware, this proposal
will not he going through USAID's procurement process this fiscal year. WID did pottave
a funding vehicle in which to match US-AEP's funds. In fact, the US-ABP Seretariat does:
not anticipate that US-AEP will be doing anything official 18 this capacity untit PY95. ~

When a focused activity is consdered, It ishoped thatitwll offer less agriculura, and rmor
technical training for women than this proposal, since that is a focus of the US-ABP. h'li .
addition, it is hoped that the proposal will offer~ more than the traditional vehicles used heavily
by the WID community: conferences and workshops which generate papers and are presented
at an international symposium.

The US-AEP's activities are very amenable to including women, and some of Ues are
encouraging the incorporation of a WID project into our existing activities. .(For instancae, a
"set-aside" to be used only for women's participation in the Environmenatal Business Exchlange

As you can see from POD's back-of-the-envolope figures which follow; we have haid a higiher
than US AID average participation of women in our activities to date. It is encouraging to tiote.
that PO)D's implementors feel as strongly as we do about including wonion.

USETI: 22%~ female Short: Term .Technical Training participants (for all participents, higher
if calculate only Asian participants)
WEC: 9% female Environmental Business Exchange Participant
TAF: 23% female Environmental Fellows

Yin Star will be attending this weeks Gender Confernce for USAID contractors.' I am sure'
she will share with you the outcomes of this conference.

I look forward to continuing to be In touch about increasing women's involvement in the US.-
.ABP. I am excited by the value this'involvement will add to the US-AEP.

Tropi Ical eserch & D~cyzqclpen, Inc. d
Ir she technical support services contramrlw to the U.S. Agency for laternationst Developstant which co-sponsrsr the UsA AP Prrqgram


Vashington, DC 20086
ci te 2o2) assposas
asu (202) 8135-0364

r S-AIEP WashiligtonDC

TEL:2028350366 May 16 94

18:17 No.013 P.01


"-&' "."I


/Al/n ~tx ---




Sally Dickenson
Faith KnutfS
May 16, 199 4
WID Pr~oposals
hAl A~r M llia Dh~ Yi ~r

( ~))