Proposed code of fair competition for the legitimate full length dramatic and musical theatrical industry as approved on...


Material Information

Proposed code of fair competition for the legitimate full length dramatic and musical theatrical industry as approved on August 16, 1933 by President Roosevelt
Portion of title:
Legitimate full length dramatic and musical theatrical industry
Physical Description:
iv, 10 p. : ; 24 cm.
United States -- National Recovery Administration
U.S. Government Printing Office
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Theater -- Law and legislation -- United States   ( lcsh )
Theatrical companies -- Law and legislation -- United States   ( lcsh )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )


General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Registry No. 1748-04."
General Note:

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004950845
oclc - 656586518
System ID:

Full Text

1. Executive Order Approving Code
2. Administrator's Report to the President
3. Text of Code








___ 1_1

For sale br the Superintendent of Documents, WashingtonD.O. Price 5 centa


Registry No. 17148---04





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An application having been duly made, pursuant to and in full
compliance with the provisions of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, for my~ approval of a Code
of Fair Competition for thle Legitimat~e Full Length Dramnatic and
Musical Theatrical Industr~y, and hearings having been held thiereon
and the Aldministrator having rendered his report containing an
analysis of the said Code of Fair Com~petit~ion togrethler with hnis
recommendations and findings withl respect. thereto, and the Admin-
istrator having found that the said C'od~e of Fair C'ompetition com-
pli~es in all respects with the pertinent pr'ovisions of Title I of said
Asct and that; the requirements of clauses (1) and (2) of subsection
(Ca) of Section 3 of the said Act hiave been mlet:
Now, therefore, I, Fra~nklin D. Roosevelt, President of thle Ujnited
States, pursuant to the authority vestedt in me by Title I of the
National Industrial Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, and
otherwise, do adopt and approve the report, r~ecommlendations, and
findings of the Adm~inistratorto and dlo order that thle said Code of
Fair Comnpetition be and it is hereby approved.
HUan S. JOHNSON, Administrar;Sllf).
Augustlp 10, 1933.

A 'Cc esT 14, 1933.

This is a report of the Hearing onl thle (Icoe of Fair Comipetition
for the Legitimate Full Lenigth Drnmatice andl Mulsical Theatrical
Industry in the Unlited States, conduictedl in the Caulicus Room of
the Old House Office Build~ing, in W~ashington. D.C., on August
10th, 1933, in accordance withl the provisions of the National Indus-
trial Recovery Act.
The followings papers are included andi annexedl:
1. Code submiitted.
2. Notice of Hearing.
3. Statement. of procedure.
4I. Transcript of Recordt.
5. Report of t~he Deputy.


The Legitimate Full Length Dramnatic annd Musical Theatrical
Industry is declared to embrace the full length theatrical perform-
11983----133-18-----33 ( III;

ances of dramatic and musical plays, including stock company pro-
ductions, all as differentiated from grand opera, vaudeville, presen-
tation, rep show, tab show, tent show, wagon show, Chan-
tauqua, show-boat, burlesque or motion or sound picture performance.
The number of persons employed in the industry constantly. varies
in direct proportion with the number of legitimate theatrical pro-
ductions publicly presented.

The Code of Fair Competition as revised and presented by this
industry has attempted to promote the production of legitimate
dramatic a~nd musical productions, and its provisions are designed
to that end.
For the first time in the history of the legitimate theatre minimum
wages and maximum number of hours have been fixed by agree-
ment for actors, press representatives, company managers, house
treasurers, and other labor. Wages have not been reduced, and, in-
deed, have been raised. Hours generally have been reduced.
The trade practices declared unfair have been especially designed
to promote the production of dramatic and musical plays and to
attract the investment of capital into this industry.
e+ + *

Of the employer groups approving the Code it is stated that the
National Association of the Legitimlate Theatre embraces more than
95 percent of employers managing or owning legitimate theatres,
or managing or producing full-length dramatic or musical plays,
and that the National Dramatic Stock Association embraces more
than 60 percent of the persons engaged in the management or pro-
duction of full-lengoth dramatic or musical stock plays.
I find that:
(a) The Code as revised complies in all respects with the pertinent
provisions of Title I of the Act including, without limitations, sub-
section (a) of Section 7 and sub-section (b) of Section 10 thereof ;
and that.
(b) The National Association of the Legitimate Theatre and the
National Dramlatic Stock Association impost no inequitable restric-
tions upon admission to membership therein and are truly repre-
sentative of the legitimate full-length dramatic and musical theatri-
cal industry; and that
(c) The Code is not designed to eliminate or oppress small enter-
prises and will not operate to discriminate against them, and will
tend to effectuate the policy of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act.
Accor~ding~ly, I adopt the report of the Deputy Administrator and
I hereby recommend the approval of the Code of Fair Competition
for the Legitimate Full-Lengrth Dramatic and Musical Theatrical
Respectfully submitted.
Henc S. Jo~NSon,


To effectuate the policy of Title I of the N~ational Industrial
Recovery Act to remove obstructions to the free flow of interstate
and foreign commerce and to promote coopelrative action to reduce
and relieve unemrployrment, improve standards of labor, eliminate
unfair competitive practices, avoid restriction of production, in-
crease purchasing pow-er, and rehabilitate industry, particularly as
it pertains to the dramatic and musical comedy theatre known as
the legitimate theatre with thle expressed purpose of revitalizing it
as a national institution so that the road mnay be restored and plays
may once more be given in every part of thne country, the following
is adopted as a Code of Fair Competition for the Dramatic and
MCusical Comiedy Theatre known as the Legitimate Theatre.

1. The term "C effective date as used herein is defined to be the
tent~h day following the approval of this Cod~e by the President.
2. The termi legitimate "' is what is generally knowTn as the legiti-
mate full-lengthn theatrical performances of dramatic And musical
plays as differentiated from grand opera, vanudeville, pr~esentation,
" rep show, tab showr, tent show, w~agon show, C~hautauqua,
show-boat,, burlesque, or motion or sound picture performances.
;3. The term "i stocked is defined as legitimate theatrical performa-
ances rendered by a resident comnpanyv of actors appearing in legiti-
mate theatrical productions of dramatic or musical plays theretofore
and previously produced, and which productions so given are
changed at stately or frequent intervals.
4. The term "' persons "' as used hereini shall include, without limi-
tation, natural persons, partnershiips, associationsr, and- corporations.
.5. Tihe term employer as used herein shall include every person
engaged in th emanagemnent or ownership of theatres presenting,
or the management or production of, full-length dramatic or
musical plays.
6. The term "' employee as used herein shall include every person
employed by any employer (as above defined).

1. With the approval of the President there shall be constituted it
National Legitima~te Theatr~e Coiinuittee to consist of one duily au-
thorized representative enerh from Actors' Eqluity Association, Chorus
Equity Association, the International Alliance of Thieatrical Stage

.Employees and Mloving Picture Machine Operators of U.S. anrd
C~anada, American F'ederation of Musicians of the U.S. and Canadat,
United Scenic Artist.s of America, one duly authorized representative
from the group -of employees not hereinbefore embraced, one repre-
sentative from The Dramlatists' Guild of the Authors' League of
ACmerica, three duly authorized representatives from the National
Association of The Legitimate Theatre, Inc., two dulry authorized
representatives from the National Dramatic Stock Association
(which shall have three representatives as members whenever ques-
tion~s relating solely to stock productions are considered), and not
more than three representatives who may be appointed by the Na-
tional Recovery Administrator.
2. WVith thle approval of the Presiden~t such committee shall be
empowfered to assist the National Recovery Adiministrator in ad-
minist~ering the provisions of the Act as set forth in this Code;
may init.ia.te and shall consider such recommendations and regula-
tions and interpr~et.ations including trade practices as may come be-
fore it and in such case shall in deliberations held without pub-
licity' and recorded in writing, submit to the National Recovery
Administrator its advice setting forth in each instance whether said
committee unanimously approves or unanimously rejects or is dis-
agreed upon the proposal, and in such events the National Recovery
AIdminisrtr~ator shall1 determine.
3. Such committee shall also supervise the application of thiis Clode
and shall notify any and all persons subject to the jurisdiction of
this Code of its provisions and regulations and shall designate such
agents and delegate such aut~horityv as mnay be necessary to effectuate
such purposes.
4. Ats andl when any question shall be deliberated upon by the
National Legitimate Theatre Comnmittee with respect to the distribu-
tion of theatre tickets, tw~o duly authorized representatives from the
National Theatr'e Ticket Distributors, Inc., shall thereupon and only
with reference to such questions become members of said National
Legitimate Theatre Comnmittee.

1. The employers agree thatt employees of employers subject to
the jurisdiction of this Ciode shall have the right to organize and
ba~rgain collectively through representatives of their own choosing,
and shall be free fr~omi the interference, restraint, or coercion of em-
ployers of Inbor, or their agenlts, in the designation of such repre-
sentatives or in self-organization or in other concerted activities for
the purpose of collective bargaining or other mutual aiid or protec-
tion; no employee of emlployers subject. to the jur~isdliction of this
Code, and no one seeking employmcntt from such employers, shall
be reqcuir~ed as a condition of employlment to join azny company umion
or to refrain from joinmng, orgramiing, or assisting a labor orgumiza-
t~ion of his own choosing; employers subject to the jurisdiction of
this code shall comply with t.he maximum hours of labor, minimum
rates of pay, and other conditions of employment, approved or
prescribed by the President.

2. To effectuate section 7 of the Industrial Recovery Act andl in
the interest of an American standard of living, the employers declare
themselves in favor of fair scales of wages, proper hours and wrork-
ing conditions for all of their employees.
3. There are a number of rules and regulations presently existing
in respective or collective agreements between the emp~loyersl and
their organized employees. The emnployers andl emplloylees pledlge
themselves to work for a readjustment of any and all condlitionis or
rules or regulations which prove either to r~esult in prohibitive p~ro-
duction costs or in any loss of employment among all the employees
of the employers.

1. For actors with more than two years' theatrical experience, the
employers agree to pay a minimum wage as follows: W'here the box-
office price of the theatrical attraction is $4.,50 or more top price,
the minimum wage shall be $50 per week; where thle top box-olfice
price of the theatrical attraction is $f4.00 or mlore but less than $41.50,
the minimum wage shall be $;45 per week; where t~he top b~ox-offce
price of the theatrical attraction is more than $3.00 but less than
$4.00, the minimum wage shall be $42.50 per w~eek; wTher~e the top,
box-office price of the theatrical attraction is $3.00 or undler, the
minimum wage shall be $40 per week.
2. For actors with less than two years' theatrical experience thie
employers agree to pay a, minimumn iRage of $25 per week.
3. Fior the chorus there shall be a minimumn wa~gee of $30! per week,
the employers subscribing to th~e wag~es presentlyr fixedl by the Ch~orus
EquityS Associatiorn.
4. The employers agree that at the end of tw~o weeks o-f reh~earsl~s,
they will pay a full week's salary to all actori: receivingr $100 a week
or less; that for thle first andt second weeks of production half sallaries
shall be paid. Thiis pr~ovision is dlesigrnedl to aidl and assist actors
whIo may require funds~c during thle rehiear~sal p~ei~ris. Thle pep~ay-
ment of such~ actors is in the nature of an adva\nce paymecnt of sala~ry.
5. There presently exist abuses withl Irespect to the hours of labor
of actors during the rehearsal per~iod. The emplloyers~ rcog-,nize that
suich abuses exist anid hereby pledg~e themselves to the Actor~s' E~quityg
Association andl thle Chiorus Eqluity Asscocintio n and thr~ougrh thle
National Legitimnate Thleatre C~ommilttee to;ll and pt into forc''e
subject to the approval of thle N'ational Recov\e~ ry Adinistrator withfl-
in the shortest possible time after the efFecti;ve date of this~ Codle,
regulations of such hours of labor durii~n thle rehearsal p~eriodl whlic2
will be fair, ju~st. and hu~mane, conifoi~rming to the .-plirit of thle Na~-
tionall Industr~ii l Rcovery\ Act, andl forl thle vi(,lation, of wh.lichl ruIcs
andi regulations penalties shall be imlposed.
6. The employers aF'ree to a w-eeke of noct morer thann 40 hourls for
actor employees. Br reason of the p~eculialr naturel' of thli; industlflry
this provisirm shall not be bindlingi during the Irhearsal periiols, such
periods having been above prIovidedl f(r.
7. Upon the payment of thle wteeki's salary\ herecin priovired for at
the end of the two weeks of rehlearsals, any b~ond or monies tlepos~itedl
by the employer shall be reduced by thle amiounit of paymeit actually
made against such salaries as described.


For those employees associated with organizations of or perform-
ing the duties of theatrical stage employees, moving picture machine
operators or musicians, there shall be a minimum wage of thirty
dollars ($30.00) per week for eight performances per week and pro
rata per performance or for rehearsals, and a forty-hour week.
However, where the prevailing wage scale as of July 1st, 1933, en-
for~ced by the American Federation of M~usicians or any of its locals
with respect to musicians and enforced by the International Alliance
of Theatrical Stage Employees and MIoving Picture Ml~achine Opera-
tors or any of its locals with respect to theatrical stage employees or
motion picture machine operators, whether week~ly or daily, and
the division of hours of labor, whether w~eekly or daily, are at a rate
exceeding the minimum weekly wage scale herein provided for or
less than the maximlum number of hours per week herein provided
for, such prevailing scales and hours of labor throughout the coun-
t~ry shall be deemed to be and hereby are declared to be the minimum
scale of wages and maximum number of hours with respect to such
employees under this section of the Code.

1. Since the relations of the employers are with firms of Scenic
Artists having contractual relations with organizations of such labor,
no minmmum wage or maximum number of hours of labor with
r~esp~ect to such labor is fixed herein.

1. Th~e situation ab~ove set forth with respect to t~he scenic artists
prevails also with respect to transfer men. The employers declare
in favor of revision of the agreements of the Theatrical Truelanen's
Union and the Allied Theatrical Transfer Association and pledge
themselves to work for a readjustment of their present transfer costs.


1. For those employees associated with organizations of or per-
forming the duties of theatrical wardrobe attendants, there shall be
a minimum wage of $30 per week; for a 40-hour week. However,
where the present prevailing wage scale enforced by7 the Theatrical
Walrdr~obe Attendants' Union is a rate exceeding the minimum
wFeekrly wage scale herein provided for, such prevailing scale
throughout the country shall be deemed to be and hereby is declared
to be the~ minimumi scale of wages with respect to such employees
unldeer this Code.


1. There shall be a minimum wage of $40 per week for a 40-hour
w-eek for company managers and house treasurers.


1. There shall be a, minimum wage of $50 per week for press repre-
sentatives stationed in any particular locality anid $75 per week for
press repr~esentativles whlo ar~e travreling. The employers agree that
thiey will give one week's notice of dlismlissal andl agree that the
emnploymlent of any press repr~esentative wlill be for not less than on~e
week.. Due to thie variedl nature of the w~ork of the press re~presenta-
ti\es, it is not prauctical to fix a mlaximu~m number' of hiour~s per w'eek.


1. For all other employees of the employers such as ushers, ticket
takers, scrubwomen, theatre attendalnts, etc., there sh~all be a minimum
wage of 30 cents per hour for a 35-h~our week. There shall be a mini-
mum wmage of'30 cents per hour for porters for a 40)-hourl week.
2. Electr~ical w\orkiers, engiineer's, fieremen, oilers, or other skilled
mechanics who are directly employed by the employers as defined in
this Code, shall receive a. minimum wage at the rate of thirty dollars
($30) per week for a 40-hour week whether such wng~e shall be com-
pjutedl hourly, daily, or weekly. If the prevailing~ wage scale and
mlaximuml number of hours per w~elek as of July 1, 1933, as fixed in any
contractunlal ageement between thec emp~loye~trs andl associations of any~
of such employees, however, shall be: at a rate exceeding the minimum
wvage scale herein p~rovided for or less than th~e numbiler of hours per
week hlerein pr~ovidedi for withl r~espect to any of such employees,
such scales and hours of Inbior in the loenlities whlere samle were
enforcedl shall be dleemedl to be and hlereby are d~claredl to be thle
minimum scale of wages and the maxsim~urn number of hours with
respect to such~ employees in such localities under this section of the

1. AnyvthingR herein contained to the contrary notwithstandcing,
employees of employers engagedl in pr~esenting president stock comi-
pan"y prodc"ctions shall receive mninimnumi wages anid wor~k not longer
than the maximumn hours as thereafter inl this article prov~\ided:
A. Actors.--(a) In cities of miore thian 500,000 population, not
less than six actors regularly employed in the stock company shall
receive a minimum wage of $4j0 per week; others actors shall receive a,
minimum of $25 per week: jobbers shanll receive a mninimnum of $15
per week ; local jobbers shall be emplloyed pursuant to the rules of the
Actors' Eqluity Association.
(b) In cities of less than 500,000 population or in neighborhood or
suburban localities in cities of more than 500,000 popullation, not less
tha for ator reulalyemployed in the stocks company shall re-
ceiveou a minimum wlage ~of 4 per week; all other actors, excluding
jobbers, shall receive a minimum of $25 per week; jobbers andl local
jobbers shall be employed pursuant to the rules of the Actors` Equity
Association and shzall be paid a miiiniumh wage of not. less thian $14.50
per week in any city of between 250,000 anld 500.000 population. of
not less than $14.00 per week in any city of between 2,500 and 250!000

population, and of not less thatn ;$12.00 per week in towns of less the~n.
2,500 population.
(c) The maximum number of hours for actors iri stock companies
shall be 40 hours p'er week (rehearsal periods by reason of the
peculliar nature of ~stock company productions not being includedd.
(d) For the chorus there shall be a, 40-hour week with a minimum
wage scale: In productions presented duringwer the perheiod roMay
80thl t~o Labor Day in any year, $c25 per week hr h ihs d
mission price is $1 or less, and $30 per week where the highest ad-
mission price is more than $1; and in productions presented during
any other period in any year, $30 per week where the highest admis-
sion price is $1 or less, and $35 per week where t~he highest admission
price is more than $1.
B. Stock company managers shall receive a minimum wag~e of ~$25
per week for a 40-hour week.
C. Stock treasurers shall receive a minimum of $20' per week for
a 40-hour Feekr.
D. Press representatives shall receive a minimum wage of $25 per
wee-k for rendition of exclusive services to the employer. By reason
of the' varied nature of the work of such employees it is not practical
to fix a maximum number of hours per week.
E. The provisions of Article XIT, section 1, of this Code are hereby
incor~porat.e~d herein.
F. The provisions of Art~icle V and Article XI, section 2, of this
Code are herebyv incorporated herein in all respects, saving to the
stock company employers however the advantages of any special pro-
visions in their favor enforced by or provided for in collective
bargaining agreements wit~h associations of such employees.
2. The provisions of Article XZIV of this Code shall not apply to
employers presenting stocks company attractions.

1. Emlployrers shall not employ any employees under the age of
sixteen years. However, with the consent of the proper governmental
authority the. employers may employ an actor under the age of
sixteen years to fill a role especially written for a child actor or to
fill a part requiring the services of a child actor.


1. The Dramatists' Guild of the Authors' League of America,
Inc., as a m-~eans of ascertaining whether! in the Guild's opinion, cer-
tain provisions will op~eratee to encouirage theatrical production and
thereby cause employment of actors and other employees of the le-
gritimate theatre, as a temporary expedient voluntarily agree to pass
an amlendmelnt to the minimum Basic Agreement in substance as
follows :
2. Upon the execution of any production contract executed between
the effective date of this amendment and September 15, 1934, the
dlramatist shall be paidl a. sum of not less than $500, not returnable
under any circumstances, which sum shall be a~n advance against
royalties i~f the playr runs three consecutive weeks in New York City

and which shall not be deducted from royalties if thle play does not
run the said three weeks in New York City. If the manager closes
the play at the end of the first week's production, the manager shall
pay to the dramatist his royalties in full t~o t~he date of closing and
he shall thereupon be entitled to share to the extent of 15ti' in all
monies received by the dramatist when the dramatist sells; or other-
wise disposes of the motion-pieture right~s in suchl play ; if' the man-
ager closes the play at the end of two full consecutive weeks' produc-
tion, he shall pay to the dramatist his royalties in full to th~e date
of closing and thereupon his share of the said proceeds from~ the sale
or other disposition of the motion-pict~ure rights shl~~l be 2512.~. If
the play fails to run three weeks thle control of the sale of the mnot~ion-
picture rights shall be with th~e dramatist but t~he sale shall be made
through the motion-picture Arbiter in order to protect t~he manager.
This amendment shall become operantive upon thle effective date of
this Code, provided the ma1nagerPs signatory to the MIinimum Basic
Agreement shall have ratified such amendment. at a meeting.

1. Any existing employers as herein defined, or employer who shall
become such hereafter, whether members of any association or not,
may participate in t~he Code and any subsequent revisions, additions,
or amendments thereof, by indicating their intention of fully1 sub-
scribing to the provisionis of the Code, and by assumilgr the responsi-
bilities of such participation.

1. The employers agree that it shall be ain unfairl practice to vio-
late thie terms of anly booking agreem-ent. This declaration is re-
quir~ed by r~eason of the ab~uses which hav~e takenl place in connection
w~ithZ cancellation of booking of r~oadl attra~ctionss in direct violation
of the sterns and provisions of such r~oad2 boo~kingr attractionls.
2. The employers agree that it. sha~ll be an unfanir practice for any
employer to aid, abet, or assist. in the voluintary! release or dis~missal
of any actor for the purpose of permnittingS such actor to leave th~e
cast of an attraction then playing in order to accept emplloymlenltt in
motion pictures. This declaration is required in ordier to, preserve
and protect the rights of all concer~ned in the pr1ese~ntatiio of a legi-
timate production in such instance~s where onie of the playersl~ to enter
motion pictures within thie aid andl assistance of the emptloyer leaves
the attraction, weakening the sam~e andc niecessitatinlg the closing of
suchi attraction and the? resultant unempllloymelnct of other persons
associated in theo presenitation of sulch aittrac~tion.l
3. The employers agr~ee that. it shall be anl unifair prnetice for any
employer to aid, abet, or assist inl the v-olunltaryV release oir ismiissal
of any author, dlramatist, or actor empllloyedl inl rendercing his~ exclu~-
sive services in connection with the p~rodluctionl of a mi~iotin p~ictur~e
for the purpose of securing the services of such nolthor, dramantitist or
4. The employers pledge themselv-es not. to distr~ibulte any of their
tickets to any cut-rate ticket agency in thle eenlt anyr such ticket


agency shall discriminate in the handling or distribution of such
tickets in turn to the public. By discrimiination is meant t~he favor-
ing of certain attractions against others.
5. Thle employers pledge themselves to eliminate the abuses now
existing with respect to the distribution of legitimate theatre tickets
to the public. The employers agree that they will not distribute
their tickets t~o the public directly at prices in excess of the theatre
box-office price fixedl for such tickets. The employers agree that they
will not distribute their tickets to the public through agencies except
(a:) To recognize bona fide agencies regularly and customarily
engaged in the offer~inga of theatre tickets to the public, and
(b) To such agencies which will not charge the public for such
tickets any sums in excess of their box-office price plus a proper
agency fee satisfactory to the National Legitimate Theatre Com-
mi ttee.
In the enforcement of the foregoing provisions the employers shall
threat all agencies equally.
6. The emlployers pledge themselves to~retain in the box office for
sale direct to the public a fair percentage of seats in all parts of the
house, this percentage to be determined by the National Legvitimate
Theatre Committee.
;. It shall be an unfair practice for employers to aid or assist in
the indiscr~iminate distribution of free passes for attractions.
8. It shall be an unfair practice for employers to aid or assist in
thle throwr-away ticket system under whIich admission to the
th'teatre m~ay be secured by presentation of a. ticket slip good for a
number of tickets upon paym'ent of a small charge. This provision
shall not apply unless three or mor~e productions are being presented
in direct competition with each other (road shows andt try-out
attractions not bebng productions within the meaning of this section 8


1. The relation of the theatre to the public should be grounded on
honesty -and a policy of fair dealing. Th~e employers, therefore,
re ite ra e the need of honest and nondis~crim~inatory sale and
distribution of ticket~s.
2. The emplloyers declare themselves in favor of a sincere and
honest advertising policy.
3. The employers agree not to distort revriew~s by deletion or other-
wise in their advertising, andi give a false impression of what a
critic has said.
4. The. emuployers pledge themselves t~o adhere to the advertised
tilm6 for curta1R TrISlng.

1. T elminte sb-sandrd ad seathopconditions in stage
pr oductionandto ssure thear atrn s etshal he productions have
been griven under proper staxndardls in accordance with the N'ational
Industrial Recovery Act, all such productions shall be advertised
under an N.R.A. label.

2. The employers pledge themselves to cooperate to establish a
uniform standard form of contract with booking agencies for all
legitimate attractions.
;3. The. employers agree that in all cooperative productions the
minimum wages for all employees shall be those as prescribed in
this Code.
4. The employers agree that. insofar as they can control the
distribution of the same, the motion picture of a currently playing
legitimate attraction should n'ot be permitted to be r~eleasedl until
such attraction has had the fullest opportunity to complete its run
and enjoy road showing.
5. The employers agree to the employment of actors, except where
they themselves emiploy such actors di rectly, through agencies
recognized and acceptable to the Actors' Equity Association.

1. Special try-out attractions (known as summer season com-
panies or winter season companies as the case may be) are
excepted from the operation of Articles IV', Y, V'III, IX, X, XI,
and XII of this Code. The National Legitimate Theatre Commnit-
tee shall consider and recommend provisions embracing the subject
matter of such articles of this Code for such production.

1. Violations by any persons subject to the publications of thnis
Code, of any provisions of this Code, or of any ap~proved rule issuled
thereunder, or of anyS agreement entered into by~ him with the afore-
mentioned National Legitimate Theatre Committee to observe and
conform to this Ciode and said rules, is an unfair method of comu-
petition and the offenders shall be subject to the penalties imnposedl by
the National Industr~ial Recoveryv Act.

This Code and~ all thne provisions; thereof are expr~esslyv made sub-
ject to the right of the President, in accordannce with th~e prov.ision
of Clause 10 (b) of the National Industrial Recoery AI.:, from time
to time to cancel or modify any order, a~pproval, license, rule or
regullation, issuedl under Title I of said Act, andi sp~ecifically to the
right of the President. to exncel or mnodif~y his app~rova~l of this Codle,
or any conditions imposed by him upon his approval thereof.
Sulch of the provisions of this C'ode as ar~e nlot requiredl to b~e in-
eludedc therein by the National Indlustrial RecoverS Act may, with
the approval of the Pr~esident, be mnodifiedl or eliminated as chat~nges
in circumstances or experience may indicate. It is contemplated that
from time to time supplementary provisions to this Cod~e, or add~.i-
tional Codes, will be submitted for approval of the Pr~esident to pre-
vent unfair competition and other unfair destructive competitive
practices and to effectuante the other purposes and' policies of Title I:
of the National Industrial Recovery A~ct consistent with thle pro-
visions hereof.



shall~ fially~ determine
in this Colde shall be
Code shalli; neverrtheless
in the same mariner as
for a~pproval Land. ap-

1. If any court of competent jurisdiction
that any Article or section of any Article
invalid, all other Articles and. sections of this
remain and continue in full force and effect
though they had been separately presented.
proved by the President.

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