The Code for the Commercial Vehicle Body Manufacturing Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovery administrationn
as applying to this industry
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
For asle by the Superintendent of Doermnents, Washington, D.C. - Price 5 cense
Registry No. 1405---04
NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
COMMERCIAL VEHICLE BODY
T'HE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF COMMERCIAL; VEHICLE BOD-)Y
THE NATIONAL~ .ASSOCIATI~lON OF` COMMVIERXIAL VEHICLE
BODYJ~ MANUFACTUJRER~S, INISC., CODE OF FA~IR COMPE-
(Substitute for cod~e faled~ July 28, 1933)
FOR THE COMMERCIAL VEHICLE BODY INDUSTRY
To comply with thne full intent of the policy of Title I, of thre
N-ational Industrlial 1Recover ALIct, thle followingf provisiojns ar~e es-
tablishedl as a Code of Fair Com~petitionl for thie Wagocn and Auto-
mobile Truck Body Indu~stry, to be amini~~st~lere by The National
Association of Commnercial Vehicle Body M~anufact~urers, Inc.", sub-.
ject at all times to the approvalI of thle Admninistration.
1. Definit~ions.--The term. Nlat~ional Associat~ion as hercin after
referred to shall be defined. to mean The National Association of
Conunllercial Veh~icle ]Body M~anufactur~ers, Inc."'
The term L" wagon and automobile truck body industry ", hereafter
referred~ to as the Cormunercial Vehicle Boduy Industry as used heremn,
is d~efined: to mean the ma~nufactur~e or distribution of horse-drwnn
vehicles, commercial automobile and moutor~ truck bodies, trailers,
semnitrailer~s, trailer bodies, dump bodies, tr~ucki tank bodies, taxicab
bodies, cabs~, bus bodies, for all t~ransportaRt~ion and for prlocessingr m~
transport, materials of all kinds, a~nd in the case of buses, for the
transport of thie public or school children; and also the. repair and
servicing of this class of equipment, including pleasure car bodies,
ambulance, and hearse bodies.
T3he t~er~ employees as used hereinn shall include all per~sonls
employred in the condluct of such operations.
The term productive machinery "' as used hlerein is definedl to
mean metal, wood, and fabric working machinery, cutting and w-eld-
ing equipment, paint sprayinga equipment and all other eqipment
to be foundl in the average Vehicle Body Plant.
T1Che tera '" effective date as used hlerein is defined to be August 31,
1933, or if this code shall nlot have been approve-d byT the Presidetnt
twFjo w-eeks prior thereto, thenl the second MndZ,~ay after such approval.
The term. persons shall included! natural persons, partnerships,
corporations, and associations.
2. On and after the effective dante, the mlinimumll wage that shall
be paid by employers in the Commlereinl Yehicle Body Industry to
any of their employees, except apprenitices w-ho, if any, shall be
employedl on production labor only, at a ratio of one to tw-enty, at
such rates w\ithl progressive increases as shall be ruled by the Board
of Directors of the National Association, subject to the approval of
the Administrat.ion-shall be at the :rate of 40 cents per hour except
in North Carolina, Southf Carolina, Ge~orgia, Alabama, Florida, Ten-
-nessee, Louisiana, MlIississippi, Arkansas, Texas Oklahoma, in which
.states the minimum rate shall be 371/2 cents per hour. To male
factory employees over 16 years of age and less than. 21 years of age
and female factory employees of any age over 16 years, a differential
of 5 cents per hour below the respective hourly rates above ment~ionedl
shall prevail. Employees who have attained the age of 60 years and
who do nonproductive work only, shall be exempted from the pro-
visions of this code.
3. On and after effective date at the discretion of the Board of
Directors of The National Association of Commercial Vehlicle Body
Manufacturers, Inlc." there shall be made, on appeal of three or more
firms interested, whether members or not, a study of wage scales
obtaining in certain sections of the country, and, if found to be the
best interest of fair competition and to effectuate Title I, of thne
National Industrial Recovery Act, the directors shall set up regional
districts covering cities or places a~djacenlt, in which the minimum
scale of wages for like classifications of artisans shall be made
uniform, subject always to the approval of the Administration.
4. On and after effective date, employers in the Commercial
Vehicle Body Industry shall not operate on a schedule of hours of
labor for their employees (except nonproductive workers such as
repair shop crews, engineers, electricians, power-plant firemen, and
.outside crews, who shall be permitted to work 56 hours per week at
no less than a minimum of 40 cents per hour and also except heat-
ing plant firemen and wPatchmen wcYho shall be permitted to work: 60
hours per week at no less than a minimum of 40 cents per hour)
in excess of 40 hours per week and they shall nlot operate productive
machinery or plants in the Commercial Vehicle Body Industry for
more than 80 hours per weekz.
5. On and after the effective date, employers in the Commercial
Vehicle Body Industry shall not employ any minor under the age
of sixteen years.
6. On and after the effective date, employers in the Comnmercial
~Vehicle Body Industry shall not work any accounting, h,nnking, celeri-
cal, office, service, or sales emplloyees (except outside salesmen) for
more than 44 hours per week nor to pay any of the classes in this
paragraph less than $14.00 per week, regardless of thne p~oula"tionl in
which the Commercial Vehicle Body Plant or its sales and service
branches may be located.
7. On and after the effective date and until all existing Com-mer~cial
Vehicle Body Plants are running to full cnpac~ity,, there be no newr
Commercial Vehicle Body Plant's or businesses founded, formed or
established, except by clpecial permit by the Atdmninistration.
8. On. and after effective date, but one owner or partner of a
Commercial Vehicle Body Plant be permitted to engage in produc-
tive work and then. only for forty hours per w\eek, ex~ep~t that other
owners or partners of the same organization specified in. this para-
graph may be permitted~ to enga~rge in sales outside or clerical w-orki.
9. On and after effective date, any plant or firm furnishing labor
or material for one or more of the specific manufacturing operations:
of the Collnunercialn Vehicle Body Industry, whether for other Com-
mercial Vehicle Body Plants or retail users of Commercial Vehicle
Bodies, shall be subject to the Code of which this paragraph is a
par~t or shall operate under other Approvedt Cod~es of Federal Licenlse,
10. On an after effective date, all lines of Business operating
their ow~n commercial body building shops for new bodies or repair
work of any kindl on Commnercial Ve~hicle B~odies, including painting,
trimmning, etc., shall be giovernedl by all conditions appr~ovedl in the
case of the Commercial Vfehicle Bodfy Buildlinga Industry.
11, On. andl after effective date, no mianufacturer of Commelrcial
Vehicle Bodies sh~all make any sale thereof, or make repairs thereto,
or r~ender service thereon at less than 5 percent above cost, except
inl cases of wanrranlty andl in cases where bodies and components parts
thlerecof become obsollete! because of dimension and appearance change,
may be sold at distress price, provided, however, that such sales shlall
n~ot in, any onet year exceed 15 percent byT unit volume of the~ total
sales of th~e company affected. Should th~r~e be a surplus of obsolete
Bodlipie andn conm Isonent, parlts now on hand exceedpp(ingr 15 percent, such
lin format ion shall be submitted to the Board of Directors for p~er-
mission to liquidate.the~se Bodies and parts as soon as possible and
at th~e best prices obtainable.
12. On and after effective date, undcer the direction andl auspices of
the N~ational Association, a uniform method of cost finding shall be
dleterminedl by proper functionaries app~ointedt or elected by the ~Na-
tional Assoc~iation and shall be usedl as a basis of establishing fair
13. On and after effective date, the N~ational Aissociation shall
create Boards and Committees to arrange the filing, by all Comnmer-
cial V~ehicle Body Mannufacturer~s, of dlata and statistical reports
when found to the best interest of the full support of the N\ational
Industrial Rtecovery A~ct.
14. On and after eff~ective date, no employee skilled in the a~t~s re-
quir~ed by the Commnercial V~ehicle Body Industry shall be per~mitted
to work more than forty hours per week in any one or a comnbinatio~n
15. Employers in. the Commeren1c~~n Vehic~le Body Industry shall
complyv with the requirements of thte N~tio~nal Inrdustrial ReIov'Ery'
Act as follows: (1) "' That employee-s sh~all hav1\e the right to o~rganize~
anld bar~gain c~oll~ctively, through reprel'tsetalt t ivesj~ of their own chloosi-
ing, andt shall be free from the inlter1fe~tlr~en Icretrint, or coc-,1ilon of
emPllloer~s of labor, or their agents, in the d'esignationl of siuch1 rep-
recsentatives or in self-orlganizaltion, or in other concerl.tedf~( activities
for the purpose of collective barga ini ng or othler mutual aicl for pro-
teec.tion; (2) tha1t no emp11oy'ee and~l no onel se~ekinlg employment sha~ll
be required as a c~ondrition of emlploym~ent to join any Culupan~l~ y unjun(,l
Or to retrain flrain joining, organizing, or assistinga a moor~l orga~nizn-
tio ofhisownchosin; and (3) thatc employers shall comply with
the maximum hlourIs of labor, minimum rant esz of pay, anId other co~ndi -
tionis of emnploymlent, appr'ovedI or prescribed by the Pre~sident; (4)
in necordaence with the fo~egroinlg p~ovisions, thle employers in the
C'omm~ercial Vfehicle Body Industry propose to continue the open
shop policy her~etoforec followed andl und-er which Iiunusual satisflC'-
tory. and 11harmonio us relations with employees have been mnaintanined;
(5) the selection, r~etention, and advancemlent of employees w~ill be on
the basis of individual merit without r~egard to their affiliation or
nonuffiliation wlith any3 labor: or other organijzations.
16. This code and all the provisions thereof are expressly made
subject to the right of the Presidetnt in accordance with the provision
of Clause 10 (b) of the Nlt~ional Industrial Recovery Act, fr~om time
to time cancel or modify any order, approval, license, rule, or regula-
tion, issued under Title I, of said Act, and specifically to the right
of the President to cancel' or modify his approval of this Codle or
an;y conditions imposed by himn upon his approval t.h~ereof.
1.Such. of thne p~r~ovisions of this Code as are not required to be!
included therein by the National Industrial Recovery ALct, mny', with
the app~lroval of the President, be modified or eliminated as changes
in circumstances or experience may indicate. It is contem plat~ed that
fr~oml time to time supplementary provisions to- this Coe "or" addi-
tional codes will be submitted for the app-rov'al of the President to
pr'evetnt unfair competition in price and other unfair and destructive:
competitive practices and to effectuate the other purposes and policies
of Title I, of the National Industrial Recovery AMt, consistent withn
the provisions hereof.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
III11 I 1111111111 111 1 11i II l l III~ l
3 1262 08855 5544