For sale by the Superintendent of Doeumnent, Washington, D.C. - Price 5 centa
SUNIV. OF FL LIB.
DOC UMEhTS DPT
O OUR PIRI
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
C ODE OF FAI R CO MPE TIT ION
LAUNDRY DYEING AND CLEANING
AS SUBMITTED ON AUGUST 28, 1933
REGISTRY No. 1634-01
The Code for the Laundry Dyeing and Cleaning Supplies Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovery Administration
as applying to this industry
LArunRTar o CLEANERS ALLIED TRADES AssocurrToN 393 SEv'ErnT AVENUE,
NEW YOHRK N.Y.
NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL RECOVERY CODE ]FOR TIHE
]LAU-NDRY, D)YEI[NG & CLEANING SUPPLIES MANUFAC-
TURING AND DISTRIBUTING INDUSTRY
To effectuate the policy of Title I, of the National Industrial
Recovetrya Actthoey folowin provisions are~ established as a National
Indutria RecveryCode forte Lun~dFry, Dyeing & Cleaning
Suppnlies Marnufacturri ilng and Dit~ribulting Industry.
(a) The terml "Laundry, Dyeing & Cleanig Supplies Mlanufac-
turing and Dlistributing Industry," hlereinafter referred to as The
Industry, as used herei is defined to mean the manufacture and/or
distribution of all Ludry, D~ry and WTiet Cleaning, and Redy~eing
Supplies for use inr Governenal, Comrmercial, Institutional and H3otel
]Laundry establishments and in dry and wet cleaning and redyeing
(b Te term~ "Supplies'" is defined to mean all materials ofanyed
nature udinthe processing in the establishments aforementioed
excepting machinery, delivery equipment, power-plant equipment,
fuel, maintenance, and offie supplies.
(c) Trhe term "Person as used herein shall include natural per-
sons, partnerships, associat.ions, trusts, trustees, trustees in bank-
ruptcy, receivers and corporations.
(d) Th term "'Employer" as used herein shall include every per-
son engaged in the manufacture and/or distribution of ""Supplies"" as
(e) The ter "Employees'" as used herein means all individuals
employed in The Industry.
(f) The term "Effective Date." as used herein is delined to be the
second Mionday after this code shall have bieen approved b3y the Presi
II--As REQUIRED BY SECTION 7 (a) OF TITLE L OF THE NATIONALb
INDUSTRIALL RECOVERY Act, wa FOLLOWING PROVISIONS ARE
CONDITIONS OF THIs CdIDE
(1) That employees shall have the right to organize and bargain
collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall
be free from the mterference, restraint, or coercion of employers ovf
labor, or their agents, in the designation of such representatives or in
self-organization or mn other concerted activities for the purpose of
collective bargainig or other mutual aid or protection;
(2) That no employee and no one seeking employment shall be
required as a condition of employment to join any company, union or
to refrain from, joining, orgamzing or assisting a labor organization of
his own choosing; and
(3) That employers shall comply with the maximum hours of labor,
minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment, approved
or prescribed by the President.
O~n and after the effective date employers shall not employ- any-
person under the age of 16 years.
(a) On and after the effective date the minimum wage that shall
be paid by any employer to any employee engaged in the processing
of supplies in The Industry and in labor operations directly incident
thereto shall be 40 cents per hour, provided, however, that casual
and incidental laborers and learners may be paid not less thanr 80%
of such minlimum wviage, and further provided that the total number
of such casual and incidental laborers and learners shall not exceed
in any calendar month 10%o of the total number of process workers.
(b) On. and after the effective date of this Code the minimum wage
that shall be paid by any employer to any other employee shall be
at the rate of $14.00 per week provided, however, that office boys
and/or girls, learners, and casual employees may be paid not less than
80%0 of such minimum wage, and further provided that the total
number of such office boys and/or girls,1learners, and casual employees
shall not exceed 10%J of the total number of such employees covered
by the provisions of this paragraph (b).
(c) Thle minimum rates of wages provided in this Article shall apply
to all employees in cities of 250,000 and over. TJ-hey shall apply in
all other localities unless the Administrator or his representative shall
fix a lower rate for particular localities.
V -EMPLOYERS SHALL NoT OPERATE ON A SCHEDULE OF HOURSi
(a) On and after the effective date, for employees engaged in the
processing of supplies in The Industry and in labor operations directly
mcident thereto in excess of an average of 40 hours per wveek during
any six months' period, or in excess of 48 hours in any one week.
(b) On and after the effective date for all other employees, except
executive, administrative, and supervisory employees and outside
sales and service staff in excess of anl average of 40 hours per wveek
during any six months' period or in excess of 48 hours in any one week:
Provided, however, T~hat these limitations shall, not apply to those
branches of T'he Industry in which seasonal or peakr demand places
an unusual and temporary burden for production or distribution, upon
such branches; in, such cases no employee shall, be required to wvork
more than an aggregate of 144 hours per year mn excess of the aggregate
maximum hours hereinlbefore provided, and provided further that
such limnitattions shall nlot apply in cases of emergency. At the e~nd of
each calendar month every employer shall report to the Supervisory
Agency, hereinafter provided for, in suchl detail as may be required,
the number of ma~n-houlrs worked in that month for emergency .reasons
and the ratio which said, emergency man-houlrs bear to the total number
of man-hours of labor during said month.
The Board of Directors of the Laundry and Cleaners Allied Trades
Association is hereby designated the Supervisory Agency .for admrinis-
tering and promoting the performance of the provisions of this Code
by the members of The Industry. A? Code Control Committee re-
sponsible to the Supervisory Agencyr and consisting of no fewer than
five persons shal have active charge of thie administration of this
Code. The Code Control Commnittee may delegate to such person
or persons the necessary authorityg to adminuster any provision of this
Code. If formal complaint is made to Ltaundtry and Cleaners Allied
Trades Association that the provisions of this Code have been violated
by a~ny employer, th Code Contfrol Commit~tee shall investigate thze
facts and to that end may cause such an audit to be made as may be
With a view to keeping the President and the Administrator in-
formed as to the observance or nonobservance of this Code and as
to whether The Industry is taking appropriate steps to e~ffectuate! in
all respects the declared policy of the National Industrial Recovery
Act, each employer shall prepare and file wit~h such person or orgam1-
zation as the~ Code Control Committee may designate and at such
times and in such manner as may be prescribed statistics of number
of persons employed, wage rates, employee earnings, hours of work,
costs, prices quoted, prices received, and such other similar stat~istical
data as the Code Control Committee may from time to time require.
Except as otherwise provided in the National Industrial Recovery
Act, all statistical data filed inr accordance with the provisions of
Article VII of this Code shall be confidential and the data of one
employer shl not be revealed to an other employer except that
for the purpose of administering or enforcing thEe provisions of this
Code the Code Control Committee by its duly authorized representa-
tive or representatives (who shall not be in the employ of any employer
afected by this Code) shall have access to statistical data that may
be furnished in accordance with the provisions of thi Code.
Every employer shall use an accounting system and a costing system
which conforms to th principles of and as at least as detadled and
complete as the uniform and standrard method of accoulnting and the
uniform and standard method of costing to be formulated or approved
by the Code Control Committee, with such variations therefrom as
may be required by the individual conditions affecting an employer
or group of employers and as may be approved by the Code ~Cont~rol
Committee and made supplemental to the said formulated or approved
m13ethods of accounting and costing. The- Code Control Commnittee
may investigate the cost methods in the Industry and its various
branches to determine the formula which it will prescribe.
No employer shall sell or exchange any supplies at a price or upon
such. terms or conditions that will result in the customer paying for
the goods received, less than the cost to the seller determined in
accordance with the uniform and standard method of costing as here-
inabove provided for; excepting that obsolete and/or damaged supplies
mnay be disposed of in such manner and on such terms and conditions
as the Code. Control Committee may approve.
As it has been the generally recognized practice in The Industry to
sell supplies on the basis of price lists with discount sheets and fixed
terms of payment, each employer as the Code Control Committee
may require shall within ten (10) days after the Effective Date file
wvith the Code Control Committee such price lists and/or discount
sheets individually prepared by him showing current prices and/or
discounts and terms of payment, and the Code Control Committee
shall immediately send copies thereof to all known, employers in The
Industry who are known to be affected. Revised price lists and/or
discount sheets covering any specific product may be filed from ti~e: to
time thereafter by any employer with the Code Control Committee
to be effective on the date specified therein, which shall be not fewer
than five days after such. filing;, and copies thereof shall be immediately
sent to all known employers known to be affected who thereupon, ma~y
file, if they so desire, revisions of their price lists and/or discount sheets
which shall become effective upon, the date when, the revised price list
and/or discount sheet first filed go into effect. No employer shall sell,
directly or indirectly, by any means whatsoever any supplies of TIhe
Industry at a price lower or at discounts greater -or onl more favorable
terms of payment that those provided in his current price lists anrd/or
discount sheets on file with the Code Control Committee.
jAny ;employer may participate, in anty endeavors of La~undiry and!
Clear ners .Allied -Trades Associ t ion in the prepa ration of any- revisions
of, or additions or supplements t~o, this Code by accepting the proper
share of the cost and responsibility of creating anzd atdministering it,
either by becoming a mlemaber of Larundry and Cleaners Allied Trades,
Association or by paying to it an amount equal to the dues from time to
title provided to be paid by 'a member in like situation of La~undry
and Cleaners Allied Trrades Association.i
The following are declared to be unfair methods of competition in
1. The secret payment or allowance of rebates, refunds, commiss-
sions,, or unearned dliscounts, whether in the form of money or other-
wise, or secretly eut~ending to certain purchasers special services or
privileges not extended to atll purchasers under like terms and
2. Directly or indirectly, to give or permit to be given, or offer to
give, money or any-thling of value to agents, employees or representa1-
tives of customers or prospective customers, or to agents, employees,
or representatives of comlpet~it.ors' customers or prospective customers,
to influence their employers or prinipals to purchase or contract to
purchase industry products from the maker of such gift or offer, or to
influence such employers or principals to refrain from dealing or con-
tracting to deal w-ith't competitors.
3. WTillfully- inducing or a t tempting to induce thie breach of existing
contracts "between competitors and their customers by any false or
deceptive means wha~tsoe~ver, or interfering with or obstructing thze
performance of any such contractual duties or services by any such
4. Wllfully~ ent~icing away the employees of competitors writhr the
purpose and effect of unduly hamnperng, inljurig, or embarrassing
competitors in their businesses.
5. Defamation of coml~petitors byv faIsely. .imputling to themn dis-
honorable conduct, inability to performs contracts, questionable credit
standing, or by other false representations or the false disparagrement.
of t.he grade or quality of t~heir goods.
6.The miaking, or causi~ng or Tpermittingr to be mnade or published,
of any false! untrue, or deceptive statem-ent by w'ay of advertise~enlt
or otherwise concerning the grade, quantity, quality, substance,
character, nature, origin, size, or preparation of any product of th~e
7. 11'ithholding from or inserting in the invoice statements which
make the invoice a false. recordi, wh~olly or in part, of the transaction
represented on the face thereof; dating an invoice more than three
(3) days after date, of shipment..
8. Intimidating customers of alleged infringers by the owner of a
patent or trade mark.
9. Selling on terms better than 2%C 10th of following month, 60
days net, C.O.D. at the ed of 75 days effective as of the effectiv-e
datle of this Code; or on terms better than 2%7 30 days, net 60, C.O.D.
at the end of 75 dlays on Coast-to-Coast shipments effective as of the
effective date of this Code.
10. The unauthorized use either in written or oral forms of trade
marks, trade names, slogans or advertising matter already adopted
by a competitor, is a violation of this Code.
The President miay from time to timie cancel or miodifiy any order,
approval, license, rule, or regulation issued under Title 1 of the
National Indu~st~rial Recovery Act.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
6 3 1262 08855 5460
Such of the provisions of this Code as are not required by the Na-
tional Industrial Recovery Act to be included herein, may, with. the
approval of th3e President, be modified or eliminated as changed cir-
cumstances or experience may indicate. This Code is intended to be
a basic code and study of the trade practices of The Industry will be
continued by the Laundry and Cleaners Allied T~rades Association
with the intention of submitting from time to time additions or sup-
plements to this Code, such additions or supplements, however, to be
consistent with the provisions of this Code.
If any employer of labor in The Industry is also an employer of labor
in any other industry, the provisions of this Code shall apply to and
affect only that part of his business which is included in The Industry,
as defined herein.
LAUNDRY AND CLEANERS ALLIED. TRADES
ASSOCIATION, 393 SEVENTH AVTENU~E.
NEW `YORK, N.YI~., August _18, 1988.