Proposed code of fair competition for the stationers industry as submitted on September 1, 1933


Material Information

Proposed code of fair competition for the stationers industry as submitted on September 1, 1933
Portion of title:
Stationers industry
Physical Description:
iv, 16 p. : ; 24 cm.
United States -- National Recovery Administration
United States Government Printing Office
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Stationery trade -- Law and legislation -- United States   ( lcsh )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )


Additional Physical Form:
Also available in electronic format.
General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Registry No. 409-1-02."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004951105
oclc - 63654682
System ID:

Full Text

Registry No. 40 -1--02





The Code for the Stationers Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovrery Administration
as applying to this industry


For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. Price 5 cents




Washington, D3.C.
Wlash inglton, D. C.
DEAR SmR: Hereini is contained the General Code of the N\ational Stationers
Association for ?our colnsiderationi and approval.
Y~ours very truly~,
Pseretalry and General Manager.

Wi~ashington, D.C., August '?9, 1988.
National Recovlery .-idminiistrationll, Washington, D.C.
DEAR SmR: W~e present herewith~ the code of Fair Competition for the National
Stationers Association. Without wishing to duplicate ill~nformaionl furnished
in the application, w~e point out that the Natio~nal Stationers Association, organ-
ized in 19041, a corpolratiojn under the I'laws of Illinois, is.composed of over 200
man ufact.u rers, 250) comm oercial st atiloners who have both retail and manufacturing
departments, S3 commereinl stationers who are both wvholesal.ers and retailers
and about 150O commercial stationers who do not have manufacturing depart-
ments. In add-ition thlere are 20) L~c~al Associations. WVe hold proxies for 30
additional Local A~socliatiolns and fcor approximately 700 commercial stationers
who are nonmembhers of the Assoc~iation. These proxries appoint us definitely
as representative in all contacts w-ith the N.R.A.
It has become apparent that manny of the groups associated with the National
Stat loners Association are so f'ew in nu mber and not large enough in volume as to
necessitate that, a g~roulpilg ?e' made inl order that the N.R.A. be not burdened
with a host of small codes. In oulr Association there are a number of divisions
that. are of sufficient size and w~ithl sutlicient percentage of volume distributing
t through ot her chan nels thIat se~a r t e codes seem desirable to these groups. Obvi-
ously, the competitive situation inl the industry would be seriously affected by
an! wide dlivergences in w~ages and hours and in competitive practice. Hence,
in this code w~e provide for minimum w\ages, belowv which no element in the indus-
try should b>e allowed to ojperate and ma.imulm hours for all elements in the
indust.ry in order that again distribution may not be disturbed by undue advan-
tage on the production endr of the business.
A. large percentage of our Commercial Stationer members with manufacturing
departments have printing~ departments, and these departments, of course, will
b~e subject to the code submllitted onl behalf of the printing industry-, as the printers
code provides that all printing plants, large and small, shall be subject to its code.
After due conf'erenlces w~ith gentlemen in the N.R.A., it seemed desirable that a
general code be submitted on behalf of the National St~atiolners Association and
that sub~ordinate codes be submitted by various divisions who did not have asso-
ciations of their ow~n, and in add-ition to these groups, that a. general appearance
be made for miscellaneous maznulAfactuers of stationery and office eqluipmenit com-
moditiesi. Hence, w~e submit this general code for the industry. It is not
designed t~o force administration by the Association on any particular group,
b~ut to provide a cooperation wnith NJ.R.A. that w\ill insure tha.t. everyone in t.he
indusitry shall be covered by~ a code. It is our belief that N.R.A. will welcome a
plan that consolidates a number of groups of industries with similar codes under
one code, covering uniform employment, provisions anid general conditions of
fair trade practices, thus eliminating duplicating public hearings and speeding
up the process of accomplishing the purposaes of the N.R.A. and the P.R.A.
Already, as subordlinate to this code, there are being submitted and w~ill bce
submitted codes covering groups in thle indcustry, and also a subordcin~ate code
covering miscellaneous manufact urers. Also, siubordiinate to thiss code is being

submitted a code for the Ret~ail Commercial Stat~ioner and for the Retail Office
Equipm~ent dealers. Both of these classes do a tremendous business. The plan
provides for the filing of subordinate codes by any subdivision of the industry
which desires to do so, and the coordination of codes in order that as few codes
as possible may be submitted, and yet that these codes shall be comprehensive
and cover the manufacturers of t~he business.
It is provided in the code that there shall be no duplication in the work of
gathering statistics, bu~t that this A4ssociation whill only accumulate statistics and
make reports on behalf of the groups which are not doing so in other directions.
There is no thought on the part of the Association of overriding other trade asso-
ciations and overlapping same, but this Association is so thoroughly an industry
organization that it is considered especially desirable that a code be filed in order
that all of the purposes of the N.R.A. may be consu~mmted and in order that this
industry shall have a full coverage. This will also enable subordinate groups
who are having difficulty? in completing codes to come in under this general code
quickly and in a coordinated wayv. There is such a widely diversified group of
maznulfcturers in this industry that many are extremely doubtful as to what
code or codes they should appear under. This will give such manufacturers an
immediate opportunity to appear under a code and to thus do their part in fur-
thering the purposes of the President in National Recovery.
Nothing in this code w~ill prevent makers of subordinate codes from setting up
higher minimum wages than that provided in the general code, but the National
Association w~ill not approve any code in the industry which provides lower wages
than are provided in this general code. W~e therefore present the code of the
National Stationers Association and will await your approval of same.
Y~oure very truly,
CHAs. P. GARRIN, CeeraTH nanaWgeT.


To effectuate the policies of Title I of t~he Nat~ional1 Industrial
Recovery A1ct, the following is he'ebyV est~ablishled as a code of ]Fair
Competition for the Naitional Stationer~s Association.

1. The following words are used in this Codc wvith th2e mneanings
herein set, forth:
"Industry." The M1anufact~uringE Retailing andi T~holesaling, and
Retailing of articles a nd com~modi ties known as Comnmerci al Sta tionery
and Office Equipment not otherw~ise covered by' codes or represented
by trade associations.
"rPersons." Includes natural persons, pa-rt~nerships, corporations,
associations, or groups.
"C~ode Commlittee." The Executive Commnittee of the N;atiorial
Stationers Associa tion, t~he fi ve V'ice Presidents of t.he Association, and
the General M~anager of the Association.
"M~ember." A person engaged~ in such industry.
"Act." Title I of the National Industrial~ Recovlery Act.
"Administrator." The National Retovery Administrator.
"iAdminist r t ion ." The Nat ional Recovery Administ ration.
''Effective Date." The second M~onday following the approval of
this code by the President.
"National Association." National Stationers Association, incor-
porated in 1904 under t~he laws of the state of Illinois.

1. The M~embers of the Code Commit~tee of t~he Na tional Stationers
Association, together w\ith such others person or persons as the Ad~min-
istrator may designate are hereby constituted the Code Authority of
the Industry. The MemIbers of t~he Code Authority designated by
t.he Administrator shall act inl An advisory Capacity' and shall have no
2. The Code Authorityv is charged generally w;ith the duty of ad-
minist~ering this Code under the sanction and with the approval of the
Adminis tra tor.
3. Codes subordinate to this general code may~ be submitted by any
regularly defined section of the industry. In t~he event that, anyv pro-
vision of t~he subordinate code shall be found to be inconsistent, wit~h
the provisions of the general code, the provisions of the general code
shall prevail.


1. No employee in t~he industry shall be required or permlitt~ed t~o
work more than eight (8) hours in a7ny day or. more t~han forty (40)
hours in one w~eek; with the following exceptions:
0143--33 (1 1

a. Employees regularly engaged in an Executive, Supervisory, or
Technical capacity.
b. Outside salesmen.
c. Watchmen, Chauffeurs, Truckmen, Licensed Engineers, and
d. Employees engaged in emergency repair or maintenance work
and highly skilled workers on continuous processes where the restric-
tion of hours would unavoidably reduce production, may be em-
played fort~y-eight (48) hours weekly or more if paid time and one third
for all hours over fort~y-eight (48) hours weekly.
e. In cases of seasonal peaks of demand, labor may be employed not
to exceed forty-eight. (48) hours per week in not more than eight (8)
weeks in any six (6) months' period, but no such employees may work
more than 1,0410 hours in any six (6) months' period.
Provided further that no employees engaged in productive labor
shall work on Sunday.
2. At. t.he end of each calendar month, every member shall report to
the Code Authority in such detail as it miayv require, thie number of
man-hours worked in that month under the foregoing exceptions (c),
(d) and (e), and the ratio which said man-hours bears to the total
number of man-ho~urs of labor of the same class during said month.
3. The provisions for maxsimum hours set out. in this Article estab-
lish a maximum number of hours of labor per w~eek for every employee
covered,! so that under no circumstances shall such an employee be
employed or be permiitted to work for one or more members of the
industry in the aggregate in excess of the prescribed number of hours
in a single week.

1. No employee in t~he industry shall be required or permitted to
work more than eight (:8) hours in any day or more than forty-four
(44) hours in one week; w~it~h the following exceptions:
a. Outside Sailesmien.
b. Employees receiving more than $;30.00 a w-eek who are acting
primarily, although not w~holly, in a managerial or executive capacity.
c. Outside delivery and maintenance employees who may be
employed forty-eight. (48) ours weekly or mor~e if paid time and
one third for all ours over forty-eight (48) hours w~eekily.
d. In cases of seasonal peaks of demand, labor may be employed
forty-eight (48) hours per week for a maximum of not to exceed six
(6) weeks in each tw~elve (12) months.
2. The hours of any store or service operation are not to be reduced
below fift~y-two (52) hours in any one week unless such hours were
less than fifty-tw~o (52) hours per week before July 1, 1933, and in
the latter case, not tio reduce such hours at all.
3. The mazimnum fixed in Paragraph 1 of this section--Hours of
Labor, Retailing--shall not apply t~o employees in establishments
employing -not more than twio persons in towns of less than 2,500
population which toolns are not part of a larger trade a~rea.
4. At the end of each calendar month, every member shall report
to the Code Authority in such detail as it may require, the number
of man-hours worked in that month under the foregomng exceptions
(c) and (d), and t.he ratio which said man-hours bears to the total
number of man-hours of labor of the same class during said month.

5. The provisions for maximum hours set out in this Article establish
a maximum numlber of hours of labor per week for every employee
covered, so that under no circumstances shall such an employee be!
employed or be permitted to work: for one or more members of the
industry in the aggregate in; excess of the prescribed number of hours
in a single week.


1. The minimtun rate of wages for any mechanical worker or ~artisa
employed in a~ny plant, mlill, or factory or on: work connected wit~h or
incidental to the operation of such plant., mill, or factoryr, shall be as
follows :
(a) Nor thern Zone, which shall consist of all of the territory of th3e
United States except thse Sta~tes named in subdivision (b):
Male labor, 35 cents per hour.
Female labor, 30 cents per hour.
(b) Southern Zone, which shall consist of the States of Virginia, WTCest
VTirginia, North Caroline, Sou th Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Kientucky,
Macryland, District. of Columbia, Tenneessee, Alabamr~a, Mlississippi,
Arkansas, Louisiana, Okilaboma, Texa~s:
Male labor, 32); cents per hour.
Female labor, 30 cents per hour.
2. Piece workers shall be paid at: rates which wI~ill yield a worke of
average skill for an hour's w-ork not, less than the miinimum rate
3. Learners, for a period of six (6) w-eeks, miay be paid not less than
eight.yv (80%)i percent of thle minimumll rates prescribed in the foret-
going sections, but. no person who ha~s or'ked a. period of six: (6)
weeks for any member as a learner mlay thereafter be classified: as a
4. The mninimnum rates of wages for all other employees, except
Clomm~ission Salesmen, shall be as follows:
Not less than fifteen dollars (515.00) per week in, any" city of evPer
five hundred thousand (500,000) population, nor less than fourteen
dollars a.nd fiftyv cents (5142.50) per w~ee~k in, any eity between two
hundred fiftyr thousand (250,(000) and fivre hundred thousand (500,000)
population, nor less thann fourteen dollars (8I14.00) per week in any
city between t\wenty five hundred (2,.500) and two hundred fifty
thousand (250),000) population, nor less than twelve dollars ($12~.00)
per week in towns of less t~han twenty five hundred ('2,500) popula-
tion. Provided, however, thlat office boys and girls and, deliver
boys many be paid not less than eighty percent. (80%) of such mini-
mum wage, but the number of employees classified as office boys or
girls and delivery boys shall not exceed five percent (5%r~) of t~he
total number of employees covered by the provision of this section.
5. The minimum wa~ge her~eby prescribed shall not her considered
as a discrimination by reason of sex and where, in any case, women
do substantiallyr the some work or perform subst~antinlly thle same
duties as men, they shall receive the same rate of wages as men re-
ceive for doing such work or performing such duties.
6. Workers who are physically handicapped are exempt. from the
provisions of Sect~ions 1 and 4 hiereof but thle number of such workers

in any class shall not exceed five percent (,5%n) of the total workers
in such class.

1. The minimum rate of wages for any employee in the Retail
Section of t.he trade for a work w~eeki specified in Article III shall be
as follows:
(0) WTithin cities of over five hundred thousand (500,000) popula-
tion (by reference to the 1930 Federal census), or in the immediate
trade area of such cities, at the rate of fourteen dollars (814.00) per
(b) W'ithin cities of from one hundred thousand (100,000) to five
hundred thousand (500,000) population (~by reference to the 1930
Federal census) or in the immediate trade area of such cities, at the
rate of thirteen dollars a~nd fifty cents ($13.50) per week.
(c) W~ithin villages, towsns, or cities with a population of two thou-
sand five hundred (2,500) to one hundred thousand (100,000) popu-
lation (by reference to the 1930 Federal census) unless they are
included in a trade area as defined by clause (a) or (b), at the rate of
thirteen dollars (513.00) per weekr.
(d) The minimum wage that shall be paid by employers in the
retail trade to any of their employees shall be at the rate of one dollar
(51.00) per week less in the Southern Zone t~ha~n the rates specified in
paragraphs (a), (b), and (c) of this section.
The Sou then Zone. is defined as t~he following states: Virginia, West
Virginia, Northb Carolina, South CarolinaL, Georgia: Florida, Kentucky,
Mlaryland, Dist~rict of Columbia, Tennessee, Alabamla, hlfississippi,
Arkansas, Louisiana, Ok~lahoma, Texas.
(e) In the entire United States, in villages, towns, and cities under
2,500 population, all wages shall be increased by not less than 20%
provided that. this shall not require wages in excess of eleven dollars
($11.00) per week.
Except that on and after the effective date of this code, junior
employees between the ages of sixteen and eighteen years, inclusive,
wfit~h less than twelve months' experience, shall be paid at the rate of
two dollars ($2.00) less for a work w~eek as provided in Section III,
Hours of Labor--Retailing, paragraph 1, and except that apprentice
employees more than eighteen years of age with less than twelve
months' experience shall be paid at the rate of one dollar ($1.00) less
for a work week as provided in Section III, Hours of Labor--Retailing,
paragraph 1, provided that the minimum shall not be less than at
t~he rate of eleven dollars ($11.00) per week.
Provided, howiever, that office boys and girls and delivery boys
ma~y be paid not less than eighty percent (80%0) of such minimum
wage, but. the number of employees classified as office boys or girls or
delivery boys shall not exceed five percent (5%) of t~he total number
of employees covered byv the provision of this sec tion.


1. No person under sixteen (16) years of age shall be employed.
2. Employees shall have the right to organize and bargain collec-
tively through representatives of their owrn choosing, and shall be
free from the interference, restraint., or coercion of employers of labor,

or their agrentsy, in thle designation of sulch representatives or in self-
organizat~oin or in other concert~edl activities for the purpose of collec-
tive bargaining or other mutul a lR id or protection. No employee and
no one seekiing emrployment, shall be required~ as a co~nditionl of em-
ployment to join any company union or to reflrom fr~om. josmngl, organ-
izing, or assisting a labor organization of his own choocing.r Em-
players shall comlply~ with the maximum hrours of labor, minim~umr
rates of pay, and other conditions of employment. approvedl or
prescribed by the: President.
3. W~it~hout in any wvay to qluaifyT or modify by inter-
pretation the foregoing requiremnent.s of the Nat.ion31 Recovery A~ct,
employers in this industry may exercise their right~ to select., retain,
or advance employees on the basis of individual merit, without
regard to their membership or~nonm~embership in any organization.
1. The Code Authorit~y shall proceed at once to provide comparable
and uniform principles of costing which, after approval by a majority
of the members of the industry, shal be used by all members of the
2~. No M-3anufacturer shall sell any of hzis products at a price or upon
such terms or conditions as will result in the customer playing for
goods received less than the cost to the seller, determined in accord-
ance w~ith t~he comparable and uniform. pr~incip~les of costing herein
3. N~o Retailer or Wholesaler shall sell any of his merchandise at a
price or upon sulch t.ermls or conditions as will result in the customer
paying for goods received less thlan th~e cost to the seller, determined
in accordanr ce wnith t.he c~ompa.rable, arnd unifolrm pnrincinple of costi;ng
herein prescribed.
41. In arriving at. any basic cost, the current mlark~et price of the
necessary raws materials shall. be used.
5. If the Code Aut~hority determines that for any product of the
Industry and for any class of customer it has been the generally
recognized practice t~o sell such, product to such customers on the
basis of printed price lists and fixed terms of pay-ment whzicha are dis-
tribut~ed to t~he trade, each manufacturers of such product shall within
ten (10) days after notice of such determination, file wit~h the Code
Authority a price list individually prepared by him showi-ng h~is
current prices and terms of payment, andi thze Code Authority shall
immediately and simultaneously send copies thereof to all knrown
manufacturers of such specified products. Revised price lists mlay
be filed from time to time thereafter with the. Code Authority by aniy
manufacturer of such product;, to becomet eff'ective upon the date
specified therein, but such revised price lists shall be :filed with thze
Code Aut~hority ten (10) days in advance of the effective date, unless
the Code Authorityr shall authorize a shorter period. Copies of
revised price lists with notice of the effective date specified, shall be
immediately and simultaneously sent to all know manufacturers of
such product, who therewrith mlay file, if they so desire, revisions of
their price lists, which shall become effective upon the~ date when thze
revised price list first. filed shall go into effect.

If the Code Aut~hority shall determine that for any product of the
Industry and for any class of customer not now being sold on the
basis of price lists with fixed terms of payment, the distributing or
marketing conditions for said product. and class of customer are
similar to or the same as the distributing or marketing conditions for
a product and, class of customer where the use of price lists is well
recognized, and that a system of selling on price lists should be put
into effect for such products and classes of customer, each mnanu-
facturer of such product shall w-it.hin tw~entyr (20) days after notice
of such determination file w-it~h the Code Authority price lists as the
Code Authoritly- mia direct showing his prices and.termns of payment,
and such price lists and t~erms of payment. mnay be revised in t~he
mra~nner hereinbefore provided.
The initial exercisinzg of t.he powers delegated in this Article to
the Code ALuthor~ity are subject. t.o t~he approval of t~he Product. Com-
mnittee which represents manufacturers of t.he product. affected.
No member shall sell directly or indirectly by any means whatso-
ever any product of the industry covered by t~he provisions of this
Article at a lower price or on miore favorable terms of payment. than
those pr~ovided in his current. price list or lists.

1. The Code Authoriity shall require the mitilembes, fromt t~ime to
timne, wvho are not already furnishing such information t~o the Admin-
istrator through other Trade ALssociations, to furnish such information
as it or the Administrator shall deem t~o be necessary- for the proper
administration of t~he Code.
2. All reports or statistics referred to in this Alrticle shall be sub-
mitt~ed only to the General Alanager of the National Stationers
Association, wh shall hold the information furnished by the indi-
vidual members strictly in confidence and whio shall be permitted to
employ an independent agency t~o compile the same under coded
headings for the use of the Code Authorit~y, and no publication thereof
to anyone or in any manner shall be made other than in combination
with similar information furnished by other members, in which case
publication shall be made only in such manner as willl avoid the dis-
closing separately of such confidential information, except in the
case of Code violations.
3. The Code Authority shall make and file with the Adminis-
tra~tion such reports as the Administrat~or may from time to time

1. If any member is also a member of another industry, the pro-
visions of ths code shall apply to and affect only that part of his
business which is included in this industry.
2. If any provision of this Code is declared invalid or unenforce-
able, the remaining provisions shall nevertheless be continued in full
force and effect.
3. The Code Aut.hority shall have power to investigate alleged
violation of this Code and acts or courses of conduct by any member
which are or appear to be contrary to the policy of the Act or which

tend or mlay tend to render ineffective this Code, and to report the
same writh recommendations to the Administrator.
4. The Code Authority may formulate a statement of the TIrade
Customs anld F'air Trade Pra~ct~ices of th~e Industry anrd submit the
same to t.he Aidministrator for approval, and such Trade Customns
and Fair Trade Practices wchen approved shall have the same force
and effect as if incorporated in this Code.
5. Such of the provisions of this Code as are not required to be
included therein by the A1ct, m~aly, with the approval of the President
of the Unit.ed St~at~es, be modified or elimninated as changes in circumn-
stances or experience may m~dicate.
6. No amendment to this Code shall be presented to the Adminis-
trator for approval without the affirmative vote of two thirds (%) of
the members of the industry present at a meeting called for the pur-
pose of acting upon such proposed amendment, provided that ten
(10) days' notice of such mleet~ing shall have been given to all members
of thie industry, in which notice shall be inserted a copy of the proposed
7. This Code shall become effective on. the second Mvlonday after
the da~te upon whchz it shall be approved by the President of the
United States.
8. This Code and all the provisions thereof are expressl made
subject to the right of the President, in accordance with the provisions
of Clause 10 (b) of the Act, from time to time to cancel or modify
any order, approval, license, rule or regulation, issued under Title Ii
of said Act, and specifically to the right of the President to cancel or
modify his approval of such Code or any conditions imposed by him
upon his apiproval thereof.
9. Wh-ere thre laws of any state permit the adoptionl and enforce-
ment of Codes of ]Fair Competition by members of thie Trade or
Industry in such states and such Codes shall have? been adopted and
approved by the constituted authority of such states, the Code
A4u thori ty sh~all, with the approval of the Administra tor, approve such
Codes, insofar as it is not contrary to thle provisions of this Code and
shall, wit.h t~he approval of the Aidminist~rat~or, designate suchn as
supplementary to this Code, insofar as it affects the Trade in the
state st~at~ed.

InI order to create and foster a permanent. feeling of friendship and
fraternity between the manufacturers and dealers in stationery and
office equipment throughout the Unit~ed States; to promote friendli-
ness of spirit between competitors; to prevent trade antagonisms,
and, through united action, promoted by good fellowship and mutual
respect, to strive for aims and purposes which may be for our mutual
advantage, w~e form ourselves into an Association.
To achieve th object of the Association, all of it~s functions shall
be conducted in accordance with the spirit of the laws governing t~he
activities of trade organizations.
SECTION 1. The name of this Association shall be National Station-
ers' Associa~tion.
SECTION 1. Thie Annual meeting of the Association shall be held at a
time to be selected either at, the annual convention or by the Executive
Committee, at such place as shall have been named by a resolution
passed by the Execut~ive Committee on or prior to M~arch 1st of each
year. In the event of an emergency warranting a change of date or
place, or both, the President shall have the power to mnake such change
or changes, subject to t-he a~pprovall of a majority of the Board of
Governors, expressed in a vote by mail or telegraph. Notice of such
change or changes shall be sent t~o each member at least thirty days
previous to actual date of holding meet~ing.
SEC. 2. The annual meeting shall continue in convenient session
until all thie business of the annual meeting shall have been transacted.
SEC. 3. If the Executive Committee certifies to the Board of Gover-
nors that, by reason of unusual circumstances, the annual meeting
should not be held, the latter body shall vote on the question by mail,
and if a two-thirds manjority decides in favor of not holding the annual
meeting during the current year, their decision on the subject shall
be final, and their action to that effect must be taken at least thirty
days before the date of meeting. In such event, the Board of Gover-
nors shall meet in some convenient place, as soon as possible, and at
least ten days' notice thereof shall be given t~o each member; at such
meeting the Board of Governors shall elect officers and directors and
transact such business as the circumstances shall require.
SEC. 4. T0 facilitate the transaction of the business of the Asso-
ciation at its annual meetings, conferences may be held by the Retail
Dealers, Wholesale Dealers, Commercial Furniture Dealers, Mianu-
facturers, F'ield members, and any other Division now existent or or-
ganized in the future, prior to t~he joint session which constitutes the
annual meeting proper.

The M~anufacturers' conference shall be conducted by the Viceti
President of the Mainufarcturers Division, as chairman; thEe recoml-
mendations adopted at such conference shall bet embodied in the
report of the said officer, and presented to the annual mleetinlg for
appropriate action, after reference to and report by the Committee
on Resolutions.
In like manner the Comimercial Furniture Dealers and Retail Deal-
ers may meet in conference andl their recspective recommendations
shall take the same course in all respects as above indicated. The
Vice President of the C~ommercial Furmlture Divisionr shall be thne
chairman of t~he conference of the Commiercial 3Furniture Division.
The Vice President of the Retail Division shall be the chafirman of
the conference of the Retail Dealers.
In like manner the Field members mlay meet in conference, and
the Vice President of the .Field Division shall be chariirman of the

SECTION 1. This Association shall be composed of its Officers,
Governors, Club, Association, Sustaining, Associate, Field, Afflinted,
Individual, and Honorary 1\lembers.
SEC. 2. Sustaining Mlembers shall be such as are engaged in the
manufacture of or dealing in merchandise sold by stationers or office
outfitters or distributed in industries affiliated wit~h the stationeryT
office outfitting industry, who, by reason of their belief and confi-
dence in the beneficial effects exerted by the Association, are willing
to sustain its efforts by a substantial annual contribution to its
SEc. 13. Club or Association MIemnbers shall be organized groups of
those engaged in the manufacture of or dealing in stationery\.
SEc. 4. Individ~ual Members shall be such as are engaged in the
manufacture of or dealing in merchandise sold by stationers or
distributed in industries affiliated with the stnt~ionery business, anid
publishers of trade papers.
SEC. 5j. Nonresident members are divided into classes, namely:
(a) Those whose principal place of business is located in Canaida,
M~exico; the West Indies, and Central Amierica.
(b) Those located elsewhere, meaning all countries other than the
ULnited States of America.
SEc. 6j. Associate M~embership shall be open to the business
colleagues of individual members, who shall have t~he privilege of pro-
posing their representatives for suich membership; associate members
shall not have the privlege of voting, but shall `have the r~ight t~o
attend all meetings of the Associat~ion andl the privilege of the floor.
SEc. 7. Honorary- Members shall be suich as have rendered dlis-
tinguished serv-ice to t~he: Associat~ion or t~jhe interests representedl in it.
SEc. S. ASffiliated M~emibers shall be such as are engaged in a line o~f
business other than that of a stationer, w~her~e a small stock of station-
ery is carried a~s a side line, t~he annual sales fromr which do not. exc~ed
Ten Thousand Dollars.
SEc. 9. Field Mlembers shall be the sales representatives of manu-
facturers or distributors of merchandise sold by stationers or offce
outfitters, or distributed in affiliated industries.

SEc. 10. Application for other than honorary membership shall
be made in writing to t~he General M~anager (Charles P. Garvin, 740
Invst~men t. Bui lding, asnhington, D.C.), accompanied by the dues
for t~he current year, and such applicant. may be elected by the
Executive Committ~ee.
SEC. 11. ALny person may be elected as Honorary M~ember by the
national body, upon the recommendation of the Board of Governors,
in compliance wit~h Section 7 of this Article.


SECTION 1. The dues of members joining during t~he annual meeting
anid subsequently thereto, shall be payable in advance for one year
fro~m date of application and annually thereafter on the same date.
SEC. 2. The payment of $100.00 annual dues shall entitle a M~ember
to be known as a Sustaining M~emiber and to be included in the list of
such members whenever published.
SEC. 3. The annual dues of Local Clubs or Associations shall be
$30.00; those of Individual M~embers, other than Mlanufacturers,
shall be $30.00.
The annual dues of Affiliated Mlembers shall be $10.00.
The annual dues of Field M~embers shall be $5.00.
SEC. 4. The annual dues of M~anufacturers shall be $60.00.
SEc. 5. The dues of Associat~e Mlemubers shall be $15.00 per year.
SEc. 6. Dues of Nonresident M~ember~s shall be as follows:
Class A-. Thirty dollars per year.
Class B. Fifteen dollars per year.
SEC. 7~. Honorary M~embers shall be exempt fromt the payment of
SEc. 8. A member who is delinquent ninety days in the payment
of annual dues shall be dropped fromr the roll of membership by the
Execu tive Commit tee. Such mnember miay be reinstated by special
vote of the Executive Commiuttee upon paymlent of dues for the year
during which the foregoing action wa~s taken, and, in its discretion, Executive Commnittee mnay' waiv'e such payment as a condition
for such reinstatement.
SEC. 9. Upon w~rit~ten requisition addressed to the G~eneral Mianager
by each Regional Governor, the Treasulrer is authorized to pay,
fromn t~he general funds of the Association, such sum of money, not to
exceed the amount fixed by the budget adopted at each annual
meeting, to each Regional Governor as, in the judgment of the General
M~anagaer, may be required to cover the necessary expenses of his
particular district. group in maintaining the work of this Association
within his district.

SECTION 1. Each Individual M~ember shall be entitled to one vote
and cannot be represented by proxy, unless the proxy be a regular
emnployee of said member. Each club or association member may
be represented at t~he m-eetings of this Assoc~iat~ion by it~s president or
chairman, or by a duly accredited delegate, and shall be entitled to
one vote.
SEc. 2. No member shall be entitled to more than one vote.

SEC. 3. Associate, Affiliated, Honorary, and Field M~embers shatll
be entitled to t~he privilege of the floor, but shall not vote.
SEC. 4. No member shall be allowed t~o vote who may be delinquent
in the payment of annual dues.


SECTION 1. The officers of this Association shall be a President,
six VTice Presidents, a Secretatry, a Treas~ixter, the officers specified: in
the next, article andi the members of the Board of Governors.
The President shall alwa~tYs be one whose business is largely of a
retail character. The V'ice President of th~e Mianufacturers Division
shall be a Mfanufacturer. The Vice President of the Wholesa~lers
Division shall be a. WCholesaler or job~bing stationer. The Vice
President of the Retail Division shall be one whose business is largely
of a retail character. The V'ice President of thie Field Division shzal
be a Field M~ember of t~he: Association.
SEC. 2. The officers a~nd governors shall3 hold their offices for oner
year, and until their successors are elected.
SEC. 3. The Boar~d of Grovernors. The officers, past presidents of
the Associa~tion and Governors shall constitute the Board of Gov-
ernors annd this bodyv shall adlminist~er the afairs of thie Association
and elect. aSecretary~.
SEc. 4. The G~overnors, other than th~e past presidents, are to
be elected each year at the annual meeting of the, Association, pur-
suant to nominations made according t~o the follow-ing plan:
So much of t~lhe continent of North Amllerica as is represented inl
the membership of this Association shall be divided into conv~enrient
districts, not less than eight or mor~e than twenty in number; within
these diistr~icts, the members of t~he Association are t~o nomninate a,
Governor, one for each district, fromt among the dealers, matnufac-
turers or field members. Preferably each nominee shall reside within
the district for which he is nomionted, but this is not requisite.
The boundafry lines and the number of t~he respective districts are?
to be established each yeatr by t~he Board of G~overnors, at the first
meeting thereof following the adjournment of an annual meeting of
this Association.
The respective nominees shall be elected Grovernors at the next
ensuing annual meeting of this Association.
If no such nomination is miade it~hin any districtt, byT the? timle
that an annual mneet~ingr of the A~ssociabtionO is called to order, an
election shall be held, nevert~heless, pur~suant. to nomination made at
such annual meeting. This provision shall govern the election to be
held at the annual m~eet~ing at which this section of the B?laws shall
be adopted.
Each Governor shall be responsible for t~he conduct, of an app-ro?-
priate canvass within his district fromt t~imie to timle, in person or by
mail, for the purpose of ascertaining tbhe preference of his constituent
voting members wit.h regard t~o the policies or activities of this Asso-
ciation, and he shall report to t~he Board of Gover~nor~s the number' of
expressions of preference within his district, in behalf of, or ini oppo-
sation to, any such Association policy or activity.

Each Governor shall be responsible for the appointment (not less
than sixty days prior t~o annual meeting of this Association) of a
Nominating Committee of not less than three, the duty of which com-
mit~tee shall be a~s follows: To cause to be mlade a canvass of the
vo ting miember~s within the district of their appoin tmen t for a nominee
for Governor to be elected at the annual meeting of this Association,
a~nd to report in wrriting the result of such canvass to the Nomainating
Committee of this Association provided for in Article VII~, Section 5,
of these Bylaws.
To defray the expenses izivolved in the operation of this plan, the
annual budget of this Association shall provide for the appropriation
of funds according to Section 9 of Article V of these Bylaws, which
shall be available to the several Regional Governors upon their
respective w-ritten requisitions directed to the General Mlanager.
Each Governor shall file a w-ritten itemized account of his receipts and
disbursements with the General M~anager thirty days before each
annual meeting.
SEC. 5. The Executive Committee. An Executive Committee to
consist of the President, Vice President. of the Mianufacturers Division
and two other members of the Board of Governors shall be appointed
by the President subject to the approval of the Board immediately
following the adjournment of the Annual Convention. The Execu-
tive Commzittee shall exercise all powers of the Board of Governors
when the latter is not in session a~nd shall fill all vacancies however
occurring. It shall have the privilege of inviting any or all of the Vice
Presidents of the Association to attend its meetings for the purpose
of consultation; and the traveling expenses involved in any such
meetings on the part of all in attendance shall be paid from the funds
of the Association.
SEC. 6. NOD1108110Dn Of Officers. At the annual meeting the Presi-
dent shall appoint a Nominating Commzittee of seven, who shall
prepare and report a ticket to be placed in nomination for all offices
to be filled except that of Secretary of the: Association. Nothing in
this AIrt~icle shall bne construed as preventing members from placing in
nomination others than those names by the Nomninating Committee.
SEc. 7. Election of officers shall be determined by the majority of
the votes of the members, cast in accordance wi~th the provisions of
Article V'I, except that the Secretary shall be elected by the Board of
Governors at the first meeting thereof after the adjournment of an
annual meeting of the Association.

SECTION 1. The Chlief Executive Officer of the Association shall be
the President, wvho shall preside at all meetings of the A4ssociat~ion, the
Board of Governors and the Executive Committee; and it shall be
his duty- to appoint all commnitt~ees not otherw-ise provided for; to act
as member ex-offieio of all committees; to approve for payment all
expenditures that may be incurred for the benefit of the Association.
At the opening of the annual meeting he shall make a report for the
past year.
SEc. 2. Durties of the Vice Presidents. The Vice President of the
Manufacturers Division shall preside at all conferences ofhianufac-

turers held as part of the annual mneetings of the Associationi andt report
the proceedings thereof to the annual meeting.
The Vice President of the Commercial Furniture D~ivision shall
preside at all conferences of the Commercial Furniiture Division held
as part of the annual meetings of the Association, and report the
proceedings thereof to the annual meeting.
The Vice President of the Retail Division shall preside at all con-
ferences of Retail Dea~lers heldi as part of the annual meetings of the
Association, and report all proceedings thereof to the annual meeting.
The Vice President of the Field Division shall preside at all con-
ferences of Field members which are held as part of the annual mleet-
ings of the Association, and report any recommendations which may
be made at such conferences to the annual meeting of the Association.
The Vice President of the Canadia~n Division shall preside at a~ll
conferences of the Canadian members held as part of the annual
meetings of the Association, and report all proceedings thereof to
the annual meeting.
The Vice President of the Marnufacturing Stationers Division shall
preside at all conferences of the M~anufacturing Stationers held ats
part of the annual meetings of the Association, and report all pro-
ceedingas thereof t~o the annual meeting.
SEc. 3. Duties of the Secretary. The Secreta~ry- will act as Coun-
sel to the Association and it shall be his dluty1 to keep a record of all
meetings of the Association and generally to advise in the conduct of
its affairs. He shall be empowered, under direction of t~he Executive
Commnitt~ee, to employ suitable legal counsel where it is needed. H~e
shall make a written report of each annual meeting of the affairs of
the Association so far as relates to his office.
SEc. 4. Duties of the Treasurer. It shall be the duty of the Treas-
urer to keep an account of the finances of the Association and to make
a report of same at the annual meeting. He shall countersign all
disbursement ebecks issued by t.he Genera~l Mlanager and shall receive
from the General M~anager a. mlont~hly report of Receipts anld Dis-
bursement~s. The fiscal year of the Association shall begin October
1st and end September 30th.
SEc. 5. General M~anager. In addition to the officers provided for
in Article VII, the Executive Committee shall employ, for a suitable
period of time, at an agreed compensation, the exclusive: services of
a General Mianager of the Association; such an officer shall be pref-
erably a man of training and practical experience in the stationery
business, and shall be subject to t.he authority of the President and
the Executive Conmmttee; his duties shall embrace the direction of
all the educational activities maintained by the Association, and he
shall have charge of all cost-finding research a~nd such other mnatte~rs
as may be determined by the President and Execut~ive Committee:
from time to time. He shall keep a record of the membership, receive
all money due the Association and deposit same in a bank approved
by the Executive Committee in the name of the Association, a~nd make
all payments by check, which shall be countersigned by the Treasurer,
and give such bonds as the Executive Commiittee may require.
SEc. 6. The financial accounts of the Treasurer andi of the General
Manager shall be audited annually by a certified public accountant
at the latest practicable date prior to an annual meeting, a~nd a

report of such audit shall be presented as part. of the proceedings of
each annual meeting.
SEc. 7. Field SecretaryT. The General M~anager, with t~he approval
of the Executive Commlittee, shall have authority to employ, at an
agreed compensation, a Field Secretary, whose entire time shall be
given to the Association, and whose dutyT it. shall be to encourage and
foster the formation and conduct of local associations, and to keep in
constant touch with them, and promote cooperation among them
and with this A~ssociation.
SEC. 8. .Ail grieVaDCeS, COmlplaints, or suggestions shall be addressed
in writing, to t~he President. or General Ml'anager, and referred to the
proper committee.
SEc. 9. Committees. Committees of three members or more shall
be appointed by t~he President, from the dealers in the Association, at
as early a. date as possible after his election, representing such interests
as he mlay classify, wilth the assistance and advice of t~he Executive
Committee. To t~he committees thus appointed, all subjects involv-
ing their respective interests may be submitted, and t~he chairmen
shall have power at any annual meeting and at such other times as
may be determined by the Executive Committee to call together the
different interests their committees represent, in order to formulate
recommendations, consider complaints or suggestions, and present
theml in such form as may seem best at any meeting of the Board of
Governors; and their recommendations shall take thbe usual course.
The manufacturers represented in the Association shall be divided
into groups, according to t~he industry in which each may be engaged.
A single manufacturer may be classified in more than one group.
Fromt each of these groups, the Vice President of the M~anufacturers
Division, with the assistance and advice of the Executive Committee,
mlay appoint. a committee of three members or more.
H~ienever, in the opinion of the President, the occasion requires,
a given committee from the dealers m~ay confer wsith the like committee
from t~he manufacturers, and any recommendations adopted at a joint
session of t~he two committees shall be submlitted in writing to the
Executive Comimittee for appropriate action.
SEc. 10. The President shall have t.he power to appoint a Budget
Committee, of which the Treasurer shall be a member, and such
other committees as, in his judgment, the requirements of the Asso-
ciat~ion may indicate fromt time to timle.
SEc. 11. The President shall appoint a Credentials Comzmittee
thirty days prior to the annual meeting, whose duty it shall be to
receive and pass upon the credentials of all members who shall apply
for admission to its deliberations.
SEc. 12. The President shall appoint a Commlittee on Resolutions
to whom shall be referred without debate all proposed resolutions,
recommendations, and amendments to the By-Laws. Such Com-
mitt~ee shall report in writing to the annual meeting, at any time during
the session, and as often as necessaryT, its recommendation as to all
matters so referred.
SEc. 1.3. The President. shall appoint, as soon as practicable, after
the final adjournment of eachi annual meeting, a Grievance Com-
mit~tee, consisting of three persons, of which the Secretary shall be
chairman. It shall be t.he duty of such committee to receive all com-
pleaints fromt members of the Association, investigate the same thor-

oughly and impartially, and report its recommendations in the
premises to the Executive Commiittee with all convenient speed.
This committee shall be empoweredd to call upon any officer or stand-
ingr committee for such information and cooperation as may be
neciessaryv to enable it to adequately perform its dut~ies.


SECTION 1. Separate groups or divisions of the Association maiy be
organized and administered under the guidance of t.he officers and
Executive Committee, as department of t~he Associationi, whenever
the welfare of anyS given branch of the stationery or allied indlustries
may be therebyv prom~oted.
SEC. 2. Such divisions mlay be conducted under the direct super~vi-
sion of an executive officer or officers, t~o be chosen by the members
thereof, in such manner as they shall determine, and the proceeding
of such division shall be in harmony w~ith the objects of this A~sso~cia-
tion, but the conduct. thereof shall be determined by the members
in the exercise of their discretion.
~SEC. 3. The expenses of maint.aining the activities of such groups
or divisions shall be provided by~ and accounted for to the members
of such groups or divisions, as they may determine.
SEc. 4. Thiere shall be a1 Retail Div-ision of the National Association
whose presiding officer shall be the V'ice President of t~he Retail
Division of the N'ational Assoriation. This Division shall also ha\ve
a Governor from each of the regional districts, wrho shall be a retailer.
This Board of Governors, together wit.h the Retail Officers of the
National Association shall constitute the Boar~d of C'ontrol of the
Retail Division. The Retail Division shall devo~te its energies to the
consideration and development. of strictly retail problems. This
Division shall have a meetings at least once a~nnually, pr~eferably at
the Nat~ional Convent~ion of the National Stationers Association.
The Governors shall be nominated by the Regional 1\leetings in each
district. and confirmed at. the annual meeting of t~he Association.


SECTION 1. The necessary- traveling expenses of the President,
Secretary, Treasurer, and ALuditor shall be paid from the funds of the
Association, and the Secretary shall be paid such compensation for
his services as t~he Board of Governors may authorize.


SECTION 1. The Association shall publish The N'ational Stationer,
at a subscription price to be determined by the Executiv-e C'omimittee,
and such other instructive matter as may be determined upon from
time t~o t.1me.


SECTION 1. The Presidlent shall appoint a committee of three of
which a member of the Executive Commiittee shall preferably be chaiir-
man, w-hose dutyv it shall be to receive suggestions andi invitations for


16 3 1262 08855 7789

the place of the next annual meeting, to consider the same, and to
report its recommendations for the consideration of the Executive
Committee on or prior to Mlarch 1 of each~~sdmte year.k
SEC. 2. It shall also be the duty ofsadcmieeowrkn
connection wit~h committees appointed by local associations to arrange
for the meeting, and also for such en tertainment as it shall deem proper
to receive the assessment for same, as provided for in Section 3 of
this Article, to make t~he necessary disbursements from said funds,
and to turn in t~o the Treasurer any unexpended balance.
SEC. 3. The a.SSESSmeDE fOr those attending and participating in
the entertainment shall be fifteen dollars (315.00) for member
or visitor, and the amount expended by the committee shall not exceed.
the amount raised by the assessment.


Tw~enty-one members registered at any nulo te etn
shall constitute a quorum for the transactiopn ll s~ofte businss.


Any amendment to or alteration of the Bylaws can be made at any
annual meeting of the Association by a vote of two-thirds of all the
members present, provided, that such amendment or alteration shall
-have been presented to the members of the Association in written
form not less than thirty days prior to the date of such meeting.

1. Call to Order.
2. Report of Commlittee on Credentials.
3. President's Address.
4. Reports of other Officers.
5. Reports of Board of Governors and Executive Committee.
6. Appointment of Committee on Nominations.
7. Reports of Committees other than Resolutions.
8. Report of Resolutions Commllittee.
9. Miscellaneous Business.
10. Election of Officers.