Registry No. I122--1-03
NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
WHITE METAL CASTING OR
'WHITE METAL AND RHINESTONE
AS SUBMITTED ON AUGUST 31, 1933
The Code for the White Metal Casting
or White Metal and Rhinestone Novelty Manufacturing Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovery Administration
as applying to this industry
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1933
For sale by the Superintendent of Doculments, Washington, D.C. - Price 5 cealr
WHITE RIlETAL CASTERS ASSOCIATION, INC.
CODE OF WHITE METAL CASTERS AISSOCIATTION, INC.,,
PURSUANT TO THE NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL RECOVERY
To effectuante the p~olicy of Title I of the Nat~ionall Idustrial 1Re-
cov-ery! Code, the following provisions are established as a N~ational
Industrial Recovery Code for the W~hite M~etal Caster~s or Alanu-
factuirers of WThite M~etal and Rhinestone Nplovelties.
I. Deffiiltions ---The term white metal center as used herein is
dlefined to mlen thle maniriufct urer. of white metal and, rhinestone
novelties consisting of brooches, buckles, buttons, slides, pins, clips,
andc olther ornaments for use on ladies' wearing apparel and acces-
sor~ies byr a process malnly known as casting and assembling.
The ter~m "' casting ans usedl herein is definedl to mean the pouring
of molten metal into moulds for for~mingr base findings which are
eventually assembled inito finished rhinestone ornaments.
The term "' findc-ings as used herein is defined to mean the immne-
dilt~e results of abov~e i pouring process."
The term "L assembling as ulsed herein is defined as the soldering
toge~t~hr of the Rasted findings and also t~he pastingn setting, and
inserting of the rhinestones or other substance inito the castings or
findings to finish and embellish the ornament.
The termn employer "! as used herein is definedl as natural persons,
partnerships, corp~orationls, or associations engagedc~ in the business
of casting, solely or in part.
The term i employee "! as used herein is defined by classification
in four' categories, as follows:
First. Ai helper, one who is not an experienced caster.
Second. A caster, one whno aIctually pours the wThite metal and
supervises the ejectment of the finishell finding.
Thiird. A paster, one whio pastes the rhlinestones or othetrr foreign
substance into the finding in thle process of assemblinga.
Fourt~h. A solderer, one wfho, in the process of assembling,a solders
together parts of the findings or castings.
The term "L effective date "? as usedl herein is defined to be the date
two weeks after this Code has been approved~ by the Presid-ent.
II. As required by Section 7i (a) of Title I of the N'ational Re-
covery Act, the following provisions are conditions of this Code:
(1)r That employeesn shall havep the~ ijgh~t to or~ganize anrd bargain
collectively through representatives of their ownl choosing, andr hall
be free from thle interference, restraint, or coercion of emlployersl of
labor_ or their age~nts,; in the designation of such representatives or
in self-organniza7tion o~r in other concrete' netivitie~s for the purpose
of collective bar~gnining or other muutuanl aid or protection;
(L2) That no employee and no one seeking emlploymlentt shall be
required as a condition of employment to join any comlpany union
or to reframn from jolming, organiizing, or assisting a labor oirgamza-
tion of his own choosing; and
(3) That emlployers shafll comlply with the maxim~umn hours of
Inbor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment
appr~oved- or prescribed by the President.
III. (a) On andl after ther effective date, employers shall not
employ any minor under thie age of 16 years.
(b) On anld after the effective date, the minimum wage that shall
be paid by employers to employees shall be as follows:
Cen ts Der h our
Casters .---_----_--_-__ 40
Soldlerers_- ___-_--______ 40
Helpers: ____________________ 30
Past~ers .... __-__________ 30
It is interpreted that the provisions for a minimum wage in this
code establish a guaranteed minimum rate of pay per hour of em-
ployment regardless of whether the employee's compensation is
otherwise based on a time rate or upon piecework performance, it
being understood that employers now operating their factories or
any part. thereof on a piecewor~k basis need not change to a rate of
pay per hour.
The industry recognizes that certain operations are classified as
skilled and certain operations as semisikilledl and that the foregroing
minimum wa~cge has no reference to such classes for which higher
w~ages shall be paid.
IV. Employers shall not operate on a schedule of hours, on and
after t~he effect~ive date, in excess of forty hours per week per person.
V. There shall be no discrimination in price between customers
by paying or allowing rebates, refunds, commissions. or unearned
discounts, or by giving prizes or by extending to certain customers
special prices, terms, allowa~-nces of advertising appropriations, serr-
ices, or p~rivilegres not extended to all customers except wherein an
item is confined.
To accomplish the purpose contemplated by this Act, the members
signatory to this code agree that it shall be an unfair method of
competition to sell below a reason~able cost arrived at. by a system
of formulas established by the Association, marked Schedule A and
attached hereto and made' part hereof.
It is further agreed by the members signatory to this code that
u~nfarir competition shall include and forbid the following:
(1) Copyringr of identical styles or designs, mechanical process not
t2) Acceptance by members of the unjust return of merchandise
Llrchased and shippedl in good faith and in accordance with the
(3) No merchandise shall be shipped on memorandum or on con-
signment for sale.
(4) So-called clumping of merchandise is expressly and strictly
VI. WTith a view to keeping the President informed as to whether
the WVhite M~ietal Clasting Industry and its members are taking ap-
propriate steps to effectuate the declared policy of the National In-
dust~rial Recoveryl Act and to determine wvhetlher or not this Clode
of Fair Clompetition is being observed, each person engaged in the
said induistry! shalnl furn'lishl duly~ cer'tifeied rep~ort~ min suchi for m and
containing such information as may~1 be requ hired.
VII. Thme WVhite hletal Caster~s Association, Inc., is constituted
the agency to specify, collect, and receive such reports.
VIII. T'he President mlay from time to time cancel or modify any
order, approval, license, rule, or r~egulation issued under Title I of
the National Industrial Recovery Act.
IX. Such of the provisions of this code as are not required to be
included therein by the: National Industrial Recovery Act mayv with
thme approval of time President, be: modified or eliminated as changes
in cir~cumstances or experience may indicate. They shall remain in
effect unless andl until so modified or eliminated or until the exrpira-
tion of the Act. It is contemplatedl that. from time to time sup-
plementary provisions to thlis Code or add3itional codes will be
submitted for thie approval of the President.
This code is submitt~ed in behalf of 80%~ of the white metal casters
of the United States.
H'THITE RIETAL CASTERs AssocIArow, TPI'C.,
Counel:By 1\IoRRIS BELLOCH, Pl'e~i'Cle/.
Bor~ough of Alanhartta-1, City of Nero YorkS.
Merchandise shall be divided into two classes for the purpose of fixing basie
(8) Thle large volume sale comprising merchandise to lower' priced ladies'
wear and accessories containing a maximum of sixteen rhinestones or other
foreign substance equivalent thereto.
(b) Quality production catering to the better class ladies' wear and acces-
series containing unlimited quantity of stones or other foreign substance in
Merchandise under classification (a), price therefore being formulated as
(1) M\arket price of metal plus 20%r for depreciation by way of burning,
waste, and dross.
(2) Labor; cost of production based on wage of experienced caster.
(2a) Cost of rhinestone or other substance plus pasting and assembling labor.
(3) Overhead 20%r based on molds, rent, light, heat, office expenses, trans-
portation, losses, and trade discounts.
(4) Ma~rk up 25%~c. This includes and covers the fact that the trade is a
seasonal one and that hundreds of dies and molds are made but few are chosen.
The books of the Association members will show' a net on these figures of
Merchandise under classifiention (b).
(1) 111arket price of metal plus 20%~ as supra.
(2) Labor as supra.
(3) Overhead 40%c. The difference in classification is due to the more ex-
pensive molds which have to be made and the great skill required in making
same and the attendant corresponding loss when a number does not catch.
(41) M~ark up 25%.
The members of the White Mretal Casters Association, Inc., signatory to this
code, hereby allege, declare, and affirm that they have read and heard read the
above code and hereby unanimously approve same and pledge themselves to be
strictly guided thereby.
Lvuoo NOVELTY CO0.,
By ORlRaIS LUCOMUIN,
By Asn illsARKAN.
By B. nTECHLOVITS.
By L. STrsass.
TELLER 8: GROSSBERG,
B' Miax GROSsBERG.
APEX ART NOVEL~TY CO., INC.,
By CHARLES GOLDMIAN.
G;ARTNER NOVELTY CO.,
By 11vAURICE RICH.
A. G. NOVELTY CO.,
By AnnaHaMr GOLDMAN.
SIL1'ER1LOID NOVELTY CO0.,
By GEORam Llour.
ALucj NovarTY Co.,
By blos PasTnaNax.
Av\oN luILLINEarY Co.,
By A. AVON.
By BENJaMIN BERTMIAN.
CAPITAL ORNAMLENT CO.,
By PATSEY MABNZIORI.
CaRsT.UL Nova'TY Co.,
Byv Il. HYMAeN.
By SYDNEY: S. BAYEIPA.
DREDn N)vE;LTY Co.,
By WIlLAIA DRELL.
ELLa NovarLY WTORKB,
By S. A. 11Aale. ~
GENAL Nov~ar CoupANY, I~NC.,
By Isna~m. Lazov.
L.\ BELLE NVE~LTY CO.,
By nlonals 3EI.LOCH.
Digitized by the Inlierniet Archivee
In 21:111 wonh Iitsding from
Unlversl lyy of Florida. G~eorge A. Smathers Libraries with suipporl from LY'rRASIS anid the Sloani Founidalioni
hltlp: www.archive.org details proposedcodeoffa ;656Lianst
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
IIIIIIIl l IIIIIIIllll llllll I l Il l
3 1262 08855 7656