Proposed code of fair competition for the lithographic industry as submitted on September 6, 1933


Material Information

Proposed code of fair competition for the lithographic industry as submitted on September 6, 1933
Portion of title:
Lithographic industry
Physical Description:
3 p. : ; 24 cm.
United States -- National Recovery Administration
United States Government Printing Office
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Lithography -- United States   ( lcsh )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )


Additional Physical Form:
Also available in electronic format.
General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Registry No. 506-1-04."
General Note:

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004952576
oclc - 63654728
System ID:

Full Text





Por sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. - Prte a c~enlal


Registry No. 506--1--04



UNIV. OF FL 1l.38


The Cod e for the Lithographing'llnd ustry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of j
the N~rtional Recovery .4drinis~tration
as applying to this industry




P~ream~ble.--The Lithographic Industry, subject to this Code, in-
cludes all persons (i.e., individuals, partnerships, associations, trusts,
and corporations) engaged in the manufacture of lithogaraphic prod-
ucts for sale to others, and shall1 also include all private plants, all
plants operated by state and municipal authorities, and plants thiat
are subsidiaries of other corporations, which manufactured litho-
graphic products.
WVhile the general process employed by all in the lithographic
industry is substantially the same, the products differ materially,
and different trade practices prevail in connection wFith the ditlerent
This Code of Fair Competition, insofar as is possible, is lezsigneed
1. Effectuate the policy set forth in Title I, Section 1, of the
National Industrial Recovery Act.
2. Provide for employees (a) the right to organize and banrgain
collectively, (b) maximum working hours, and (c) minimum wages.
3. Elimmnate unfair competition.
4. Establish a practical method of administration.
This Code is not designed to promote monopolies or to eliminate
or oppress small enterprises and will not be administered to dis-
criminate against them. The provisions and restraints contained
herein, while of benefit to bothl employers and employees in the
Lithographic Industry, will protect consumers, competitors, and
others, and are in the furtherance of the public interests.
The Lithographers National Association which presents thlis Code
imposes no inequitable restrictions on admission to membership
therein a~nd is t~ruly repnresentastive. of the TLit~hographic Industry.


1. C~ollective Ba.rgaining.--In conformity with thne provisions of
Section 7(a) of thle National Industrial Recovery Act, the attitude
of this industry to its employees shall be as follows:
(a) That employees shall have the right to organize and bargain
collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall
be free from the interference, restraint, or coercion of employers of
labor, or their agents, in the designation of such representatives or
in self-organization or in other concerted activities for the purpose
of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection;
(b) That no employee and no one seeking employment shall be
required as a condition of employment to jomn any company union
or to refrain from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor orgaaniza-
tion of his own choosing; and .i ..
9659--33 (1);

(c) That employers shall comply with the maximum hours of
labor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment,
as provided herein and approved by the President.
I is clearly understood that the foregoing paragraphs do not
impair in any particular the constitutional rights of the employee
and employer to bargain individually or collectively as may be
mutually satisfactory to them; nor does it impair the joint right of
employer and employee to operate an open shop.
Nothing in this Clode is to prevent the selection, retention, and
advancement of employees on the basis of their individual mlerit,
without regard to their affiliation or nonaffiliation with any labor
2. Maarimum, WoTrkting Hours.--No accounting, clerical. office, serv-
wce, or sales employees (except outside salesmlen) in this in~dustryr
shall be required to work more than forty hours in any one week.
The maximum workr week in this industry for all employees per-
forming mechanical operations, including any proprietors, super-
visors, foremen, or other executives doing such work, shall be forty
W~henl necessary, due to the special character of any mechanical
wor~k. overtime shall be permitted, but no employees performing
mechanical operations in any one week shall work; more than eight
hours overtime, and no employee in any consecutive twenty-six weeks,
including overtime, shall work more than 1,0410 hours.
The maximum hours above prescribed shall not apply to employees
in a managerial or executive capacity, who receive more than $35 per
week; norl to watchmen; nor to employees on emergency maintenance
and repair work.
3. MCin~imu~m WTages.--The minimum weekly wage for all account-
ing, clerical, oflice, service, and sales employee's (except outside sales-
men) shall be: $15.00 in any city of over 500,000 population, or in
the immediate trade area of such city; $14.50 in any city of between
950,000 and 500,000 population, or in the immediate trade area; of
such city; $14.00 in any city of between 2,500 and 250,000 popula-
tion, or mn the immediate trade area of such city; $12.00 in any towPn
of less than 2,500 population.
Population for the above purposes shall be determined by refer-
ence to the 1930 Federal census.
Th~e minimum hourly wage for all employees in the mechanical
depa rtmnentts-exce pt learners duri ng an ini tial si x weeks' period--
shall be :
Men. -____, .....----- ... .......-.. ----..----- -------, 80. 4CI
Women-------- _I------, _--------- ____-.... 30
Any emlployee working overtime as hereinbefore provided shall be
paid at least time and one third for howzrs worked in excess of the
maximum. As soon as practicarble, a job classification for the
industry shall be worked eat an~d minimrrem rates for each elassifica-
tion fixed, due consideration being given to the differences in living
conditions and to other factors in the sevteral loca~iti~es of the country.
Pending the submission sad approval of such Job classifeaic~on,
present hourly rates shall be increased sro that the- weekly payments
for forty hours shall be not less than the payments now made for
present basic work weeks.

4. Other Cond~itionsa of Employment.--As need for them arises
regulations will be prescribed covering conditions of employment
other than hours and wages.
5. Employment of 2liinocre.--No employer in this industry shall
knowingly give employment to any individual less than 16i years
of age.

1. Every person in the industry shall maintain ant approved
accounting and cost-finding system, the operation of whfichl shall be
properly supervised.
2. A method of cost finding shall be prescribed to cover each
operation or group of operations performed in the industry.
3. N~o person in the industry shall sell any of his products at less
than cost, such cost to include all operating costs ~as prescribed, all
outside purchases, and a prescribed amount for administrative and
sales expense.
4. General regulations shall be prescribed from time to time cover-
ing trade practices applicable to the industry generally.
5. Specific regulations shall be similarly prescribed covering trade
practices applicable to special groups of the industry--such groups
being determined either by locality or districts, or by products.

1. Adm~ini~strative Body.--The administration of this code shall
be under the jurisdiction of the Lithographers National ,Association.
2. cStatistice andm Reports.--All persons shall be :required to fur-
nish to the Lithographers Na~tional Association, upon its request,
statistical and other information necessary or helpful in the adminis-
tration of this Code. Information of a confidential nature shall be
so treated.
3. Duesa arnd Assessments.-The expense of administering this
Code shall be discharged by levying against all units in th~e industry,
subject to the operation of this Code, upon a fair and equitable basis
to be determined by the Lithographers National Association. The
nonpayment of any dues or assessments so levied shall constitute a
violation of this Code.
4. A mendments.-Additions, modifications, amendments, or refine-
ments of this Code may be submitted through the proper channels
for approval by the President of the United States.
The President of the United States may from time to time~ cancel
or modify any order, approval, rule, or regulation issued hereunder.
5. Effectiv~e Date.--This -Code shall become effective the second
Monday after its approval by the President; except that if the Code,
or aany part of it, is temporarily declared in force by the Adminis-
trator prior to a public hearing, then the Code, or such part of it as
may be so declared in force, shall be immediately effective in respect.
to all persons in the industry subscribing to it.

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