Proposed code of fair competition for the typesetting industry as submitted on September 6, 1933


Material Information

Proposed code of fair competition for the typesetting industry as submitted on September 6, 1933
Portion of title:
Typesetting industry
Physical Description:
8 p. : ; 24 cm.
United States -- National Recovery Administration
United States Government Printing Office
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Typesetting -- United States   ( lcsh )
Printing industry -- United States   ( lcsh )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )


Additional Physical Form:
Also available in electronic format.
General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Registry No. 599-9-06."
General Note:

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004952618
oclc - 63654741
System ID:

Full Text

Registry No. 599--9--00






The Code for the Typesetting Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovery Administration
as applying to this industry




Far sale by the suprerintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. Price 5 cents



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1. This Code is set up for the purpose of increasing employment,
establishing fair and adequate wages, effecting necessary reduction
of hours, improving standards of labor, and eliminating unfair
trade practices, to the end of rehabilitating the Typesetting Industry
and enabling it to do its part toward establishing that balance of
industries which is necessary to the restoration and maintenance of
the highest practical degree of public welfare.
2. It is the declared purpose of the adherents to this code to bring
the rates of wages paid within the Typesetting Division of the
Graphic Arts to such levels as are found necessary for the mainte-
nance of the highest practicable standard of living.

1. Participation in this Code, and in any subsequent revision of
or addition to this Code, shall be extended to any person, partner-
ship, or corporation engaging in the operation of a Typesetting
business, and who accepts his proportionate share of the cost and
responsibility, as well as the benefits of such participation.
2. Any person, partnership, or corporation operating within the
Graphic Arts Industry, who sells typesetting services to the printing
and publishing trades, shall conform to the requirements of this
3. Subscription fees or other assessments incident to gathering of
staistcsprparation of and administration of this or subsequent
Cods o fir competition, if any, shall be levied by the National
Executive Committee hereinafter designated for administration of
this Code.

1. For the purpose of administering this Code, The International
Trade Composition Association is designated as the National Asso-
ciation for coordination of the efforts of the various typesetting
plants and industry organizations and of the National Executive
Committee set up for executive administration of this Code with the
Government in achieving the objectives of the National Industrial
Recovery Act.
9665--33 ]


1. The National Administrative function shalllbe vested in a Na-
tional Executive Committee of five (5) members, composed of four
(4) elected representatives (one [1] each from the four [4] regional
districts of the United States) and the President of The International
Trade Composition Association.
2. The National Executive Committee shall function through the
appointed Commissioner of The International Trade Composition
Association who shall be the executive representative of the National
Executive Committee of the Typesetting Industry on the National
Executive Committee set up for control of the Graphic Arts as may
be required byT the Government.

1. F~or purposes of administration the Typesetting Industry shall
be divided into four (4) regional divisions as follows:
Headquarters, ~New York, N.Y. Embracing eleven states and the
District of Columbia: 1Maine, Vermont, Massachusetts, New
HE-ampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Y'ork, Penn-
sylvania, Maryland, New Jersey, Delaware, and the District of
Hfeadqua rters, BSirmingham, Alabama. Embracing fifteen states
of : Geolrgia, Florida, Alabama, 1Mississippi, Louisiana, Vir-
ginia, W'est Virginia, North Carolina, South C~arolina, Tennes-
see, Kentucky, Miissouri, Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Texa~s.
Headquarters, Chicago, Illinois. Embracing twelve states of :
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin, North
Dakota, South Dakota, iowa, Colorado, Nebraska, Kansas.
Headquarters, Los Angeles, Calif. Embracing ten states of:
California, Idaho, Oregon, Montana, W~yomingg, Washington,
N~evada, Arizona, New M~Iexico, and Utah.


1. The four (4) regional Executive Ciommitt~eemen composing the
National Executive Conmmittee shall b~e elected by their respective
divisions imme~diately following tle approval of this Code and the
organization of the~regional divisions.
2. Each -division shall also elect an alternate Committeeman who
shall in case of the absence or inability of the elected Committeemnan,
serve as the executive representative with equal power.
3. A Temporary National Executive Committee shall be appointed

shall act until its successors are elected by their respective regional


1. Members of each division shall designate and establish their
own Stazte and local administrative agencies. Each division shall
be independent and self-governing through elected representatives
from its locals to a Committee of the division, in respect of all con-
ditions and problems relating exclusively to such division. Each
division shall be controlled by the elected Executive Commnitteemnan,
who shall be a member of the National Executive Coommittee. Each
division, for the purpose of equitable administration of this Code,
shall be subdivided into as many State and local1 divisions as
is required for equitable local representation and for regional


1. The following labor code is hereby established for the Tyvpe-
setting Industry: The Typesetting Industry as required by Section
7 (a) of Title I, of the National Industrial Recovery Act, subscribes
to the following provisions which are conditions of this Code:
"(1) That. employees shall halve the right. to organize and bargain
collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and
shall be free from the interference, restraint, or coercion of employ-
ers of labor, or their agents, in the designation of such represen-
tatives or in self-organization or in other concerted- activities for the
purpose of collective bargaining or other mutual aiid or protection;
"L(2) That no employee and no one seeking employment shall be
required as a condition of employment, to join any company union
or to refromn from Joining, orrgna~nizg or assistmng a Inbor orgamiza-
tion of his own choosing;j and
"'(3) That employers shall comply with the mnaximum hours of
labor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment,
approved or prescribed by the President."
2. It is clearly understood that the foregoing paragraphs do not
impair in any particular the constitutional rights of the employee
and employer to bargain individually or collectively as may be
mutually satisfactory to them; nor does it impair the joint right
of employer and employee to operate an open shop.
3. Nothing in this Code is to prevent the selection, retention, and
advancement of employees on the basis of their individual merit,
without regard to their affliation or nonaffiliation with any labor

(a) The maximum working hours for all employees, throughout
the United States, including proprietors, superintendents, and fore-
men performing any work incident to the manufacturing or finish-
ing processes of typesetting shall not exceed 36 hours in any work
(b) The minimum wage for all skilled workers (male or female),
according to the classifications that follow, shall be 90 cents per hour.
The minimum wage for all unskilled workers (male or female),
recording to classification that follow, shall be 30%0 of the minimum

wage actually paid to skilled workers, except that no worker shall
receive less than $12.00 per weekr.
(c) No person, male or female, under 16 years of age, shall be
employed by any typesetter.
(dl) The classification of skilled workers shall be as follows: Hand
Compositors, Layout M~en, Linotype Operators, Linotype Mlachinists,
Monotype K'eyboard Operat~ors, Mlonotype Caster Machinists, and
(e) The classification of unskilled labor shall be as follows: All
Machine and M~aterials Casting Operators, excepting skilled workers
as defined under skilled classification, Copyholders, Errand B~oys,
Bank Boys, Porters, First Y~ear Alpprentices, and all other unclas-
sified workers.


1. Each of the locals throughout the four regional divisions of the
Typesetting Industry shall formulate fair and adequate labor codes
for their local communities. In no instance shall the maximum hours
exceed nor minimum wages be less than prescribed in this Code
under Article IV Section B.
2. All agreements of locals within the Typesetting" Industry as
well as the agreement requirements of this Code shall, after approval,
be subject to adjustment in conformity with maximum hours of labor,
minimum rates of wages, and working conditions as shall be agreed
between employing printers and skilled and unskilled labor em-
ployed in typesetting departments and as shall meet with final
approval of the Presildent of the United States or his administration
for the printing industry.


1. Every typesetter shall be required to (a) install and maintain
a Uniform Cjost Finding System for ascertaining costs and for bas-
ing Selling prices on every individual job produced, or (b) shall
base his selling prices on economically fair cost rates determined
for him by the local Cost Committee from composite records of costs
taken from representative plants in the community.
S2. All cost systems installed and maintained by individual plants
or approved by local Cost Committees must conform mn principle and
method to a Uniform Cost Finding System and procedure for arriv-
ing at a reasonable cost of production, as prescribed by the National
Executive Committee.
3. Based upon Cost and Production records gathered and com-
piled in each local community, the Cost Committee at the direction
or upon approval of the State and regional Executive Committees
may publish all facts of average costs, average production, and aver-
age unit costs, and based upon such averages may set up Minimum
Cost Schedules for classified production within their communities
as mayr be deemed practical.

1. Each of the locals composing thle regional divisions of the Tyvpe-
setting Ilndustry shall create a Cost Committee, which committee shall

function under direction of the Nationlal Executive Committee in
connection with installation and supervision of cost systems, in the
furnishing of cost composites to F'ederal and industry authorities,
and in the enforcing of provisions of this section of the Code. The
Cost Committee for each local shall promptly gather all statistical
data required by the National Executive Committee and shall be
empowered to examine or cause to be examined by duly authorized
accountants any and all of the affairs or facts of any plants within
their jurisdiction, with proper provision for keeping reports con-
fidential from individuals. They shall also have power to levy fees
for cost of supervision of systems and for compiling data or may
impose charges against individual plants for particular investigations
or services.

1. In order to provide data necessary for the administration of the
National Recovery Act, the members of the Typesetting Industry
shall furnish, and the Nationlal Executive Committee shall gather,
such statistics as shall be required from all members of the industry.
2. The International Trade Composition Association shall desig-
nate the authorized person, firm or association who shall undertake
this work, shall fix the compensation therefore and shall also desig-
nate such person, firm, or association as the national authority for
advising the International Trade Composition Association and the
National Executive Committee in all matters pertaining to the for-
mation and installation of the Uniform Cost Finding System as
hereinbefore provided.


The National Executive Committee may establish a marketing
code with provisions with respect to:
1. Group selling;
2. Classification of outlets and recognition of standard and economi-
icallyy priced differentials, among divisions or locals;
8. Cooperative advertising for the Industry;
4. The collection and interchange of credit information;
5. The cooperative administration of insolvent debtors.

1. Each division and each local of such division, shall submit to the
National Committee immediately following the adoption of this
Code, the division or local trade practices as approved by such di-
vision or locals of divisions, for ratification by the National Execu-
tive Committee. Any division or local within a, division may adopt
and put into practice their own trade-practice rules relating to the
practices peculiar to that division or local, so long as such trade
practices are approved by the National Executive Committee, and
are within the scope of this Code or its amendments when approved
by the President of the United States.

2. The following t~rade-practice rules are laid down for this indus-
tryI violation of which constitutes unfair trade practices:
(a) Violation of credit terms agreed upon.
(b) Violation of terms agreed- upon for handling of metal accounts
with customers.
(c) Failulre to ob~serve greedP.T me~t~hoCs of measuring and billing
composition production.
(d) Failur~e to apply rules of agreement respecting legitimate
charges for extras.
()Fraudulent and deceptive practices, including false invoicing
or misleading advertising, mislabeling, or misbranding.
(f) The misappropriation of a competitor's business by inducing
breach of contracts, esprionage, piracy of styles or designs, imitation
of trade names or enticement of employees.
(g;) W\ilful or malicious defamation of competitors or the dis-
paragemnent of competitors' products.
(h) The sale of composition belowr the cost as determined by the
uniform cost system prescribed by the National Executive Com-
(i) The giving of secret rebates, free composition services, dis-
counts, advertising allowances, or the providing for the absorption
of transportation costs.
(j) Commlrercial bribery in thle form of gratuities to customers or
employees of customers, or the offering of rewards or premiums to
purch aser~s.


1. The National Executive Committee shall directly plan and
coordinate the affairs of the TypDesetting Industry in cooperation
with the Graphic Arts administration as may be set up by the agents
of the President of the United States for administration of the
Graph~ic Arts or any major division in which the Typesetting
IndustryS may be classified.
2. The members selected by t~he various divisions of the Typesetting
Industry to act on t~he National Executive Committee shall be em-
powfered by the said divisions to act for them conclusively in respect
to all matters before thle Committee for consideration and within
its jurisdiction. In turn, the National Executive Committee shall
be subject to powers which may be vested in agents of the President
of the United States, who may be designated for administration of
the Graphic Arts, so long as such vested powers shall in no sense
violate the rights of the members of the TypesetigIduryo
equitable representation in such Graph~ic Arts control and self-
governing in respect to all conditions and problems relating exclu-
sively to the Typesetting Industr~y.
3. The National Executive Committee shall have direct powers
and duties as provided herein, and in addition thereto it shall:
(a) Require, from time t~o time, such reports from divisions as,.
in its judgment, may be necessary to advise it adequately of the
administration and enforcement of: the provisions of this Code.

(b) Upon complaint of interested parties, or upon its owfn initia-
tive, this Committee shall make such inquiry and investigation into
the operation of this Code as may be necessary.
(c) This Committee shall also make rules and regulations neces-
sary for the administration and enforcement of this Code and may
delegate any of its authority to any other National Executive Com-
mittee as may be designated for direct administration of the Graphic
Arts, who shall carry out the provisions of this Code as they apply
to divisions or members of divisions throughout the Typesetting
Industry. The National Executive Committee, mn cooperation with
the direct administrative agency: approved for the Graphic Arts
Industry, through the Commissionerr of the Inter~national Trade
Composition Ahssociation, who shall represent the Typ~esett~ing Indus-
try on suchi Graphic Airts administrative body, shall determine and,
from time to time, revise the several parts of this Code, which
revisions shall be subject to the approval of the properly designated
representative of the President of the Uniteed States, under the
National Industrial Recovery -Act.
(d) Thle four Committeemen elected from the four regional
divisions shall act within their respective divisions as individual
executives of the National Executive Conmmittee for the enforcement
of this Code.


1. No provision in this Code shall be interpreted or applied in such
a manner as to:
(a) Promote monopolies,
(b) Permit or encourage unfair competition,
(c) Eliminate or oppress small enterprises, or
(d) Discriminate against small enterprises.
2. This Code or any of its provisions may be cancelled or modified
and any approved rule issued thereunder shall be ineffective to the
extent necessary to conform to any action by the President under
section 10 (b) of the National Industrial Recovery Act.
3. The administrative agency of the Graphic Arts Industry as may
be set up by the Government shall, from time to time, make to the
National Executive Committee, under the provisions of this Code,
such recommendations, including amendments of the Code. as in their
judgment will aid the effective administration of this Code or as may
be necessary to effectuate within the Typesetting Industry or within
any division thereof the purpose of the National Industrial Recovery
4. Amendments to this Code may be proposed by any established
division to the National Executive Committ~ee, or may be initiated by
the National Executive Committee and when approved by the Prest-
dent of the United States or his agent shall be effective.
5. In order to avoid undue delay in making effective throughout the
Typesetting Industry a Code of Fair Competition, the following pro-
visions are adopted, and other provisions of this Code in conflict
therewith are suspended until such time as the President of the
United States shall determine that the purposes of the Article have
been accomplished.

(n) Each established division shall, immediately following the-
perfecting of its division organization, submit as promptly as possi-
ble to the National Executive Committee a complete division agree
rnent in conformity with the general provisions of this Code. Sc
divisional agreement, if found substantially to promote the pur-
p~oses of the National Code, shall be accepted provisionally by the
National Executive Committee a~nd by the administrative agency of
thle Graphic Arts and its immediate enforcement authorized.The
NIational Coommittees shall thereupon proceed as rapidly as prac-
ticable to make such adjustments of agreements between locals and
divisions in respect of hours, wages, and costs of the several divisional
agreements as may be necessary to bring them into conformity with
the provisions of the law and of the several codes to be approved
~for the Graphic Arts and this particular Code as set up for the
Typesetting Industry by:
(1) Consultation and negotiations between the divisions affected.
(2) By its own findings after full consideration of all factors
(b) If anyl division or local of a division fails to submit within a
reasonable time the agreement provisions as provided in subsection
(a) of this Article, and if, in the judgment of the National Executive
Committee, such failure is unduly delaying the effective operation
of this Code, the said Committee Is authorized to act as a divisional
agency for said division or local and to submit on its behalf the
necessary agreement provisions which, upon approval by the Presi-
dent, shall be effective until the said division will have submitted
satisfactory agreement provisions.
6. This Code shall be in effect beginning ten days after its approval
bty the P~resident of the United States.