U~I */. OF r- *_ L
DOCUC ~! ~' -
The Code for the Broom and Mop Handle Manufactulring Indnetry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
indusetry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
thre Nartional Recovery Admininstration
as arpplyinrg to this industry
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WAS~HINGTON s 1988
a~r a by te Superaen~dent of Docuentsl Washington, D.C. Price ents
Registry No. 328--04
NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
BROOM: AND MOP HANDLE
MIANU FACTU RING INDUSTRY
AS SUBMITTED ON AUGUST 31, 1933
NATIONAL HANDLE M~iANUFACTURERS' ASSOCIATION
PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR TRADIE ]PRACTICE FOR
NATIONAL BROOM AND MOP HANDLE INDUSTRY
UNLDER THE PROVISIONS O~i 1iF TH INDUSTRIAL, RECOVJ-
Herogni izing the~ prov\isionsl of the Indusl~triall Ret~\cover Act~ of
1!,0 pumi~eal by bolth Housest of C'on re I'a and1I approved\. I b the Pr~esi-
denlit of thet U~nited~ Stalte~.'l Th Nationall Handlllle 31nn11ufnreturer~ls
A.\isw~cintfionl adopltc; the foll~~ilowin codel to e~ffc~tulate the Ipur'poses of
the Ac~t. Thlis codelc is not desjigned~~ to promonctee a moirnopoly or to
elmaate opn-es. o diemnnst nginl.ct small eniterpis1ies.
The1 NaltionalH Handlle Manullfacturers1 Assc.ia~tio n is truly Irepresen-
turtiver of ther Broom~l andl Map Handl(le Mannlufcturingll Indusrltry,
('Omplri ing~ three dli tilC't glroups). west Cons~t manullf~cf neturer Of Fir
Hand~les, Nor~t~ern Mianufacturersl~ of HardwCoodc handles; andrr South-
er~n Arlanuf~(.f neturr.s of Pinle andt Hu3[rllw~ood hannles. It r~tllepresets
mlcr~e thanl !rn percen~t't of th~e total malnulrfu~rlrturer of Broom~n and
blop1 Hanleslr in the Unitedl States and is SXntiolnal in its scope.
ForI thle 1'Purpose of brevity the N;atiorial Handlrle Manullfacturers
Ass~cintionr its hreinu~fterr referred-t to as i"lit The Assoc-iatio, n andc
the I.code of Fair Traide Practice for Broom.11 and JIop Handtle. JAln-
ulfactu!ilrin Indullstry\ is hecreiinafter rcf~11erre to as~ ''-lationlal H~andrle
Thle A s~clrintionl impose~~s no inequ~itable~ re~st~ic-tions as to memnber-
ship) and~ the s~ope of its workI1 is inr direct retin~tionship to th~e Imr-
poses of thle Industrial Recoveryl~ Act.
'The A.src~iationl r~cognize s the nleessity for th~e cool~trdiationl in
tiic~tly differently kinds~ of w~cood, andl und~ei. r etire~ly- different condi~i-
tloll**i 85 ti c~ost o~f nlilnaruenufatuP tle Orilve?ry, ali furth le Tog~llZe5
thie netces~ity fori ther c~oonlrdiation of its codte withl the codes of
other dlivisions of thle wToodworkinga inldustryS, andl with the codles of
o~thier ilndustry'. thru the Emlt~'ereny NPiatiornal Conuniiittee anid such
others Grov.elllrnntt officials or dlepartmlents,. which a1re established for
Thie Ass~ociationl isi preparedl to admllinister the prvcisionis of the
Indtustrian l R~c~overy\ Ac~t andl sets fourth thle followFing mehthodl of.
(a) It wrill appo~c.int r~ep~resentatives.~ to G~wenernI Ind~ustryJ Comimit-
tees forl purposes" of c~oord'ination.
( b) It wvi i llc~ appint a repelltsenltat i ve C'ommll ittfee of manu111fuctulrers
clllcmpse of 2 fromll thle wesct coast, 2 fromll thie Northlernl andt 2 fr~oml
conunllifttee shall Ihave~ fuill andi complete authrc~lity. to act inl all mat-
ters fo~r thle av~c~iajftion andl shllll be known1 na thel control'l Commlllittee.
(c) The ColtrlY I Clolnlift~tee will Set' upI the? nec~eiisary phl1sicnl mai-
chiniery to admirinister the codle, the expense o~f w~hichl w\ill ber ;'Ipor'-
tionedl to all handlle malnufactulrers in re~lationl to, thc \rolumlle o~f sale~.
ARTICLE 1--IMINIMUM WAGES
The Aissociation hereby fixres a minimum (ommoln-laborb wage and
maxim~um hours of labor to be the saine as fixedl by- the W~est Const
Lumber Ass~;oc~iationl the Northern H~emlock: and H~ardwood Associa-
tion, and the SouthernI Pine At~ssociation anrd Ha~rdwood. M~anulfn-
turers Institulte. these rates to be applied in each section as covered
by these Iresptctlivc associations; minimum rates for other than comn-
mon labor shall bear the normal relationship to the cn onmenl~n-labor
rate, as has b~een usuall and customary in the industry.
(a) The rates shall be the minimum paid during the period coveredt~t
by the Industrial Recovery Alct or until such time as the Asso~cintio~n
shall11 fix: with the approval of thne properlyv dlesignalted governmental u
officials, or department. and/or the approval of the President of thne
United States, different mninimnum wage rates.
ARTICLE 2- WORKING CUN DITIIONSS
The H~andle Association recognizes and ado~pts the conditions eta-tn,
li-hod~~ by section 7-at of the Indus~trin1; RI11covr~ly Act, i.e.--
(a) That employees shall have the right to (Irgan;ize~ and ba~rgain
collectively thru I'rep~.'revetaltives of their own choom:c~ine~ and c~ho-senI
from their own ranks.
(b) That no employees and no one seeklingr emlol'~ymentt shall be
required as a condition of employment to join any- orga~nizationl or
to refrain fronm jiningnr a labor orga~nizationl of his own choosing.
(c) TIlhat all H~andle manufacturers shall comply with the maxi-
mum hours of labor, minimum rates of pay, and other working con-
ditions as set forth in thlis code and approved by the Presidenlt of
the United States.
AICRTICLE 3--PRICE CONTHOLI
(a) In order to effectuate tlhe purposes of the Industrial `Recovery
Act and the provisions of this code, the A2ssociattion recognizes the
necessity of realiz~ingf a fair return for its products, especially if it
is to meet the added burdens of cost occasioned byv higher priced
materials, shorter wor~kingr hours, and higher wages.
(b) To carry thru these provisions, the Association has alu-
thnorized the Control Comrmittee to establish and maintain a mlininllnn
price based on cost of production for all kinds, gradc-es, andl~ sizes of
handles as manufactured by the' Broom and Mop H~andle Induslltry,
with the proper and equitable differences, as between various k~inds
of wloods uIsed and conditions under which the dlifferen~lt groups1' of
manufacturers opertent said minimnumn prices to be fixed underl the
supervision of the proper go\erlnmelt officials and withn the approval
of the IPresidient of the United States.
(c) These prce as_.., and when. fixed or on and after dante this code
b~coc-mes effective all manufacturers will be requjlilred to observe1-( these
minimum p,rices on, all sales made. All minimum price lists as
establlishled- shall remain in e~ff~c~t until cha~nrged~ by the iJContr~ol Comn-
m~ittee, with the approval of the Pres~idtent of the United- St~ates.
(d) The ~A~ssoint~ion authorizres its ContolcZ Conulnitctte to establish
with the Fiir Lumber I~ndustry, Yellow Pine Lumnber Industry, anld
Hardwoodlcn ILumbne r Industry, a fair andc equiitablle pri'ie for Brloom
andir MapI haldlc e blanks of variouls kinds. sizes, andl grade~ as used inl
the handicle industry.
(e) 'To prevent unfair compe~ttitio~n inl the~ quotatli~llion Of JlriCc's onI
a dtelivered~ basis, the Associationl hereby adoptsi a Table of Standardc
W~eighits for aChC kind~ andir size of hamilellC. whlichl i~s atta1'1Ched hert'fo.
Thle fr~eight on all handles soll uriust be estimated alccordin g to theu
weigh~pts show\\n inl this table, andl added~ to the f.co.b. Inilll unniuman11)
pr'ices~. proviled by this code.rl
ARTICLE CONTROL OF PRODUCTION
Rcove-iry At whichI allow \indlustry to co~ntlrol its pi~~rodction. It
rePCOgnlizes thatl nl~ilnxunun hours1' of wo~rk'. mannumnllll wn'nes. anld mnini-
m1u1 Inli'' prcs canot be arb~itrar~ily maintained in ani industry whfich
I)rol~lliePS 11101?'t thl~l C'cl~l~ml plllfr ll ]tP--tf'fi s.
(b,) The11 Assc,~iationi herreby nuthiorizies ther Control Counlllitteet in,
apportl'fionl p)',llroduictil l iming th fl InstlllfdC~ture oI'I~ f Brooni, mail( 310~)>
handlee. uplonl a1 bsis thaut takes~ inito full colnsidersti ion the~ fuectcrs
oif capac"'ity,. past periformaince, stocks on1 handi, andc contracts for r~aw
gro!ups, the Contr~ol Commiiitte iS helt~'reby athatlZ(~ ized .'to 11t up no
use~ sucrh physicanl mlac~hinery~ as mayn b~e necessary\ to, gather ne~eded
atan; on pasi t per'formannces. ~npcapety, e~tc. It .shall consl~titute an
unfair practice for any! manulfacture~r to- pr~odulce inl exi.css oif the
quota so apportionedl. P~~rouctioni quotns a~Fscr fie ill remain in
force until they ar~e changedl by the Conitrorl C'ommlitt ee w'ith~ the
app.~\rou of~ the' PrIesident of thle Unitedc Stantes.
ARTICLE ;i--STANDARDIZATION OF PnoDGcc
(';) TIhe Asso~ciatio~n shall appoint a Committee for the purpose
of standlalrdizing insofar as possible,. size, gradling, rules, size of pack-
ages, and miethodl of packing, gradle mnarkina. andi genel practice
inl the induistry. The report. of this Committee, after the approval
of the members of the Assocciation. shall be attach~ed here.to and~ be-
.come a part of this coder.
(a) Evlery Mianurfact urer of handles shall keep~ the necessary ree-
ords to enab~le him to renlerr sulch~ reports as maS be' required by the
(b,) The follow~ing reports shall be fulrnishedl the p~roperC authority
as mnv be selercted by the Conitrol Cormmittee for thie physical ad-min-
istration of this code, by each manufacturer of handlles:
1. A weekly report o'f production, orders, and shipments.
2. A monthly report of stocks on hand.
3. A molnthly report on number of persons employed, and wagre
rates paid, and number of hours worked.
(c) In order to assure uniformly undentandtlllling of the requllliremtsll~lf
as to various reports and to make sure' that reports are made cor--
rectly and that other requirements of this code are being complied
with, the As-cen.intionl hereby authorizes and d~iree~tr the Control Coml-
mittee thru whantever authority the Control Committee may set up;
for the physical administration of this code, to audit the books and
records of each manufacturer in the indutry~t fromn time to timne so
far as may be ntcer~cary for the purposes in viewv; and each manu-
fullturler is requ~ired~c to make its books and records available for these-
p~urposes, and is further required to keep a record of all inv\oic-es
coverings sales in a serial form,? with all serial nlumbers compnlle~te, to
facilitate thle handling of such audit.
ARTICLE 7--TCRADE ETnICs
(a) The ~Association recognizes that in addition to all the fore-
groingr code provisions, the malinte:nancet of uniform terms of sale,
trade practice, commissions paid, diiscounts allowed, etc., are vitally
necessary. Ilt alc~co~~rdigly has set up and attaches hereto as part of~
this code certain rules and regulations under thne title of '"Fair
Fo~r thle administration of this code and the adjustment of comn-
plaintc; the Association appoints thne Control Committee compo~csed'.
as hereinbefore stated~, of repre ~enltativesr of the various groups, and
the different producing sections, with full aulthoritly to make all
necessary rules and regulations for the effectiv-e administration and
enfo~c~ementit of the pr11ovisioni s of this code.
Viollationl by anly manufacturer or distributor of Broom. and M~op
H-andles to the trade of any of the provisions ~of this code or of any
approval rule or regulation issuled hereunder is an unfair method o~f
This code shall be in full force and effect b~eginrinlg ten days after
the approval by the President of the Uni~ted States or by the ap-
p~roval of any government official or department that may be dlesig-
nlatedl for this purpose by the President of the United States.
In witness whereof, we the undersigne~nd BElroomn and Mop Handwle-lH
~Manu fur~t ur1er do hereto I-ubs~cribe and hereto set oulr hands and~
seals this 22ndl day of Ju~ne 1933 at Chlicagc,, Illinois.
NATIONAL HlANDLE ~IF(;is. XSiwN.
HI. B. WHITE, PICJResiden1
FRANK F. COL;INs, B4le~retay
FAIR TRADE PRACTICES IN CODE OF NATIONAL HANDLE MANU-
1. A BrIoomi andl ;lop, Handle AIlanrf lufact ure is oner whoi operates a
Handlle factory~ w~ith or with~out a finishiing depai~rtment, making
hiandlecs from lumbler, saw mnill waste, or direct from logs.
AI Supiply\ Deauler is one actually, continuously, and principally
engaged in the business of buying Broom? andl Rlop Hand~les. Brooml
C'or~n C'otton Yarn. andt suppliies in qurantity, handllei; in ealrloadl lots,
andl resells to the Broomii andl blop Mnu~lfac~turer~ls inl small quantities.
He enlrie~s his own necount~s, buying and~ selling outrig~ht.
;3. Ai Handle Co~nunissionn Maln is one who sells handcles in elr~loadl
lots. or. less, for' a malinufac~turer of handlles, andl wh1o is p~aid a stipu-
lated1 amount (krnown as c~ommiisrion) andc hioldsu a relation to the
seller similar to that of a salaried salesman.
-1. A Brooml or Mfop M~anuifacturer is one who operates a factory
maIking complete brooms or mops and who purchases handles usually
dlirect fronil thle Handlle M~anuifacturer in carload lots, in some casesi
in p~ool cars, and fromi t~he Supply Dealer in smalll q~uanitities usually'.
1. T'radle 'Termlls. decsc~ribing~ gr~ades~, grlade Ilunrlkin~, kinld of woods,
Ihall c~onfor~m to the rules and regulations us set upl by~ the Stand~-
a rdliat ion Comlmittee of the Nat ional Handlle MIa nulfact ure rs
1. 'The indlustry! while maintaining absolute flreedoml inl the issuance
of Price scherdules fr'oml time to time by any manufacturer, insists
thiat there sh~all be no dliscrimnination as between pulrchases~ orI han-
*Iles, and thiat all prices p~ublishedl or o~therw\ise circulatedl to th~e
tradre shall truly r~epresent the prices at w~hich sales ar~e madce,, prices
mayil be changed at any time, but any new prices must b~e c~irculatedl
:n thle samle manner as above provided, difference in price dlue to
(!uality'. qulantfity. or gradte, credit risk or t~he cost o~f sellling andi
tr~ans7or~tationn ar~e not effected~ hereby.
i. 'r le Heff~et re Jatillyr ill Ipart OFI W 10 0 O f c00111111155rn~i1008 ly ianll-
factlllPers,, supply dlealer~s. or- ('onsitu.ssiJI1 nae~n or1 dile allowance( e of unI-
earnedt refunds, dleduc~tions. inicorrect freighlt or others cl~reitt allow-
anc~es are condlemnedl as unfair mnethiods of complletitio~n.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
6 3 1262 08856 0403
1_. Cash, discount of 2 percent (after deduction of freighlt charges
if any) shall be allowed on all sales if panid~ in 5 days from arrival of
car or 60 days net from date of shipments.
1. Contract sales shall not be made for longer than six months
delivery. Sales guaranteed against price decline will be considered
1. Direct quotations of prices and terms shall be limited to a
specific time, and when made should be protected for t~he period so
stated. In. absence of such specific time, quotations will be subject to
prior sale, and change without notice.
1. Orders shall be given and, confirmed in writing, and all condli-
tions pertaining to the sales contract shall be embodied ther~ein.
TERMS~ Or San
W~e set forth. the following as a definite statement of sales t~ermls
anld policies to which we will strictly adhere.
(A) To all Customers:
Freight net paygable by buyer.
Prices do not include taxes, tolls, or freight surcharges, now~ or
hereafter imposed, and same are for account of buyer.
(B) We will not:
1Give commission or discounts other than set forth in terms of
sale, and under item. Discounts.
2. Give secret price concessions.
3. Milake shipments for storage or consignmenmt except for our own
account in regular warehouse storage.
4. Place shipm~enlts inz transit for future sales, or for sale while
5. Mislabel any grade of handles, or ship any grade of handle
other than as shown on orders, and as invcoiced.