Registry No. 1133--10
NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. - Price 5 center
AS SUBMIITTED ON AUGUST 28, 1933
WE DO OUR PART
The Code for the Locksmith Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovery Administration
as applying to this industry
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE NATIONAL
AiS SUBMITTED TO THE ADMINISTRATOR AUGUST 25, 1988
ARTICLE I -DrEvINtTIOK
The termi Locksmiithi ") shall apiply to any person having three
or more years' experience at t~he trade, and those working at th~e lock-
smithing trade with less than three years' experience shall be known
as Junior Locksmiths.
AitTICLE I 11LBOR PROV'ISIONSd
SECTION 1. NTo person1 under the age of 16 years shall be permitted
to work at the locksmithing business except for purposes of delivery
or waiting upon trade, in which cases they shall not wojrkl longer
than three hours per day, between the htour~s of 7 a.m. and 7 p.m.
Such employees in, all cases shall be mlor~e thzan 14 years of age, and
these hours shall in no ease codfict, with school hours. Wages for
such services shall not be lower than 3011 per hour.
SEc. 2. Junior Locksmnithls shall not received less than the minimumn
wage prescribed by thne code, which in cities of over 500,0010 popula-
tion would be $15.00 per week, anld in cities of less t~han 500,000
it would be $;14.50 per week. No Junior Lockrsmit~h shall be
permitted to operate any locksmithing shop or department without
the supervision and advice of a competent Locksmith.
SEc. 3. Locksmnithls working on a salary basis shall receive as a
minimum wage $241.00 per week. Those employed on a percentage
basis shall receive a guarantee of the minimum wage, or $24.00
per week, unless said employee is working part t~ime, in whichl ense
a minimum hourly guarantee of 75<# per hour shall be made.
SEc.4. No Locksmith or Junior Locksmith shall be emiployed
longer than 40 hours per week with the exception of emergency
cases such as lockouts, etc., in w~hichi cases a maximum of 48S hours
per week is agreed upnon, it beingc understood that time and one third
is to be paid for all time over 40 hours.
SEC. 5. Locksmliths called in an emiergency to open locks of in-
tricate design or mechanism, suchi as bank vaults, etc., mnay, if the
emergency warrants, work straight through, regardless of the hours
consumed to complete the job, when such an emergency requires
that said locking device muist be opened at the earliest possible
moment. Hours taken for such work shall apply to the remaining
hours for the week andl timle andl onle thirdc shall be paid for every
hour over the 410-hour week. In thne event that thne time shiould run
longer than 48 hours in such an emergency, he shall recive time
and one half for all hours worked over the 48-hour minimum, and
such hours used shall be deducted from the 48-hour minimum of
the ensuing week.
SEc. 6. Employees in an establishment which makes keys but who
do work as clerks, shall be paid and employed as per the code
established for Junior Locksmiths and Locksmithls, and shall not be
permlittedl to cut keys unless they are so employed. This shall not
affect clerks unless they actually do key work.
SEc. 7. Pursuant to subsection (a) of Section ?I of the National
Industrial Recovery Act, and so long as the Code shall be in effect,
the Code shall be subject to the following conditions:
(1) That employees shall have the right to organize and bargain
collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall
be free from the interference, restraint, or coercion of employers
of labor, or their agents, in the designation of such representatives
or in self-organization or in other concerted activities for the pur-
pose of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection:
(2) That no employee andl no one seeking employment shall be
required as a condition of employment to join- any company union
or to refrain from joining, organizing, or assistmng a labor organiza-
tion of his own choosing; and
(3) That employers shall comply with the maximum hours of
labor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment,
approved or prescribed by the President.
,ARTICLE III- GENERAL PnovTslows
SECTION 1. No establishment shall be permitted to open a key-
cutting department unless at least one Locksmith with three or more
years' experience is placed in charge, or is working full time within
the concern. This shall not be construed to mean that when such
a Locksmith is employed, that he should spend the entire time as
a Locksmith. However, it shall mean that during the entire time
the department is open for business, he shall be available for pur-
poses of lock work if the occasion demands his services.
SEC. 2. No Locksmith shall, under this code, make a passkey for
any firm or individual without first ascertaining that the person
ordering such is entitled to, or has the authority to have same made,
and in no case shall any Locksmith make a key by code number
or otherwise for locks not brought to his establishment, for persons
unknown to him, or to persons not presenting positive proof that
they are the rightful owners of said lock, or authorized to procure
same by the proper owner or authorities.
SEC. 3. Locksmiths shall in no case open any safe, money chest, or
other containers of valuables at any time without~ first being pre-
oented with proper credentials from the owners thereof, and in all
cases shall make certain that the parIties employing his services have
the proper authority to have said device opened-. This shall also
apply to house doors, store doors, buildings, etc.
SEO. 4. Locksmiths shall obtain a signed receipt for any key made
by code number or any master or pass key made. Said receipt shall
show the name and address of t~he party receiving same, and' sulch
receipts shall be kept on file for a period of at least one year, as a
record of where such keys were sold or delivered.
SEc. 5. No Locksmuith shall under this code sell blank key)s to per-
sons not known to be engaged in th~e Locksmnithinga businless- as lock-
smiths or Junior Locksmiths.
SEc. 6. Keys commonly known as "' passreyrs shall at. no time be
sold t~o persons under the age of 18 years. Thelr term pass-
key shall apply to ready-cut keys, purchased as a fin~ished product
from factories producing them and which are designed to open a
great many locks using similar keys. Th~is applies to, pa~sskeys for
door locks, night latches, padlocks, automobile switches, and other
locks for which they are offered for sale.
SEO. 7. Firms selling passkeys shlall obtain the n~amel and address
of party purchasing same and a record kept of the type of posskey
ARTICLE IV UNFAIR TRADE PRACTICES
The following practices are now prevaRlent and ar~e dleemled by this
organization as unfair and having a deleterious effect upon the
working conditions and wages of those working at the trade, and
upon the trade as a whole.
SECTION 1. The establishment of a scale of prices which does not
return sufficient revenue to recompense the shop operator for the
time s~pent. in tulrning out the product, the investment he has made in
order to be able to turn out said product, and the material, supplies,
power, etc., used in turning it out.
SEC. 2. The practice of other concerns, engagpingr in the simpler
operations or services of the locksmiths, such "as duplicatinga, etc.,
thereby depriving the locksmith of his just revenue for such services.
SEc. 3. The practice of other concerns, whose major operations are
along other lines, of duplicating keys, charging for such services
only a nominal sum, or doing it free of charge, as a trade stimulator
for "their major line of endeavor, thus depriving the locksmith of
work and compensation he should be receiving.
SEC. 4. The practice of persons not experienced as locksmliths of
chargringr less for locksmit~hing operations they perform than is
charged by the locksmiths operating in that community.
SEc. 5. The practice by either locksmiths or other individuals of
impairing the security of any lock in anymnewhtevr
whether by removinga parts or weakening thie lok s~rtructuovre.
SEc. 6. The practice of making keys in otlice buildings, hotels, real-
estate offices, schools, and ot~her institutions, by anly except lock-
smiths, as defined in Article 1.
Sac. 7. The practice of allowing quantity discounts to~culstomerss
not entitled to such.
SEc. 8. The practice of traveling locksmiths have a small capital
outlay, of cutting prices prevailing in the community in whtichi they
happen to be, in competition to firms who pay taxes, rent, etc.
ARTICLE V--EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
This organization recommends the app>ointmlent of an Executive
Committee, fairly representing the locksmithing trade of different
sections of the country, the work of this conunittee being to establish
such rules as it finds necessary to remedy the above practices, and
to regulate the trade in any manner found necessary by the adoption
of such rules.
NATIONAL LCKSMITTHS' Ass's.,
ARnsnR M. SEAR, S86'y-FTeas.
Dlglinzedd bjy Ill Inlernel Arc hive
In 2011 Wilh lunidinge from
Uniivirsity of Florida. George A. Smathers Llbraries wyilh support Irom Lt' RASIS and Ihe Sloani Foundation
http: www~\.archLve.Orgj details p~roposedcodeolla 833untl
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA I'
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