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Approved Code No. 32-Amendment No. I
Registry No. 1333---1-02
NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
KNITTING, BRAIDING AND
WTIRE COVERING MACHINE
AS APPROVED ON FEBRUARY 17, 1934
UNIV. OF~ FL UB.
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
This publication is for sale by the Superintendent' of Documnents, Government
Printing Of~fice, W~ashington, D.C., and by district offces of the Bureau of For-,
eign and Domrestic Commerce.
DISTRlICT OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
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Approved Code No. 32-Amendment No. 1
AMENDMENT TIO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
KNITTING, BRAIDIN~G AND WILRE COVERING
As Approved on February 17, 1934
Arenovrsa AMIENDMlENT" OF AND) ADDITION TO CODE OF E`AIR COM6-
PETITION FOR THE KNIITTING, BRAIDING AND IWrRE COVERING
An application having been duly madXe pursuant to and in full
compliance with the provisions of Tiitle I, of the National Industrial
Recovery Act., approved June 16, 1933, for approval of Amendments
and Additions to a Code of Fair C~ompetition for the KnGitting, Braid-
ing and Wire C'overing Mfachiine IndustryJ, and hlearings havingr been
duly held thereon and the annexed report on said Ameondmients and
Additions, containing findings with respect thereto, having beenz made
and directed to thle President.:
NOWT, THEREFORE, on behalf of the! President of the Ujnit~ed
States, I, Hugrh S. Johnson, Administrator for Industrial RecoveryT,
pursuant to authority rested in me byp Execut~ive: Orders of the ]Presi-
dent, includ~ing Executive Order N~o. 6543-A, dated December 30
1933, and ot.herw~ise; do hereby incorporate, by reference, said annexed
report and do find that said Amendments and Additions and the Code
as constituted after being amended comply in all respects with the
pertinent provisions and will promote the policy and purposes of said
Title of said Act, and do hereby order t~hat said Amiendments and
Additions be and they are hereby approved, nd. that the previous
approval of said Code is hereby modified to include: an approval of
said Code in its entirety as amended, such approval and such Amend-
ments and Additions to take effect ten (10) days from t~he date heref.
HUGH]A S. JTo]Bison,
Apprval ecomende: .dministrator for Indusltrial Recovery.
W. A. HARRIMAN,
Febr-uary 17, 1984.
REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT
The WTthite Hrzouse.
SmR: This is a report on the Amnendments and Additions to the Code
of Fair Comlpetit~ion for the K~nitting, Bra'id~ing~ and Wire Co~vering
Manchinc? Industry anrd Tradc-e as revisedl after a Public Hearing con-
ductedc in Waishington on December 29, 1933, in accordance with
Article X. of said Code as approved on. October 3, 1933.
The Amendmnents and Additions pertain to the inclusion of the
manufacturers of knitting machine needles and the importers and dis-
tributors of the products covered by the Code within the original Code.
PROVISIONS AS TO HOURS AND WAGES
By uIgreemelnt between the recpresecntatives of the Industry anld of
Labor certain chalnges have been 1?nude in the provisions as to hours
as stipulatted- in the or~igind~l Code. Emlplooyees are now limited to
eigh t hours per day and forty hours per week with provision for forty-
eight hours per weekr in any eight weekss in any six month period to
cope with peak demands. Time and a half is paid to hourly rated
employees for all hours worked over eight hours per day and forty
hours per week. Wfatchmen are now limiitedf to forty-eight hours per
N~o chanrgre has been made! in the minimum rate of forty cents per
hour in the original Code but an amendment provides that female
emp~lloyees in the ~Needle Mallllnfc~t uring~ Divis7ionl only shall be paid
ait the rate of not less than thirty-fi~ve cents per hour. Such female
employees, how-evetr, shall receive the same rates as ma~le employees
when employed on similar workr.
Provisio~n is madelc for the emp~lloymelnt: on lighltl workr at a. wnlgrp
below~ the minimum of persons~ whose learning e~npcity is limited
because of age or phy~sical or mental hasndicatp. Each employer will file
withl the Code Authority a list of all such- persons emp~loyedc by h~im.
The Deputy Adm~linistra~ltor. in his finall report to me on said Amnend-
m~ents and Add-ltit~ions to said Code h~aving found as herein set forth
and on the basis of all thle proceedings inr this matter:
I find that:
(a) T'he Amzendments anzd Additions to said Code and the Code as
amndilled are well designed to promote the policies and pulrposes of
Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act including the removal
of obstructions to the free flow of interstate and foreign commerce
whTich~ tend to diminish the amount thereof, and will provide for the
gener~nl welfare by promoting the organization of industry- for the
purpose of CoopIIErat~ive action among tradea g1nroups by inducinr anld
maintaining united action of labor and management under adequate
governmental sanction and supervision, by eliminating unfair comp-
petitivee practices, by promoting the fullest possible utilization of the
present productive capacity of industries, by avoiding undue restric-
t~ion of production (except as may be temporarily required), by in-
creasing the consumption of industrial and agricultural products
through increasringr pulrchasing power, by reducing and relievoinga
unempl moment, by improving standards of labor, an~d by- otherwise
(b) The Code as amended complies in all respects with the perti-
nent provisions of said Tit~le of said Act, including without limitation
Subsection (a) of Section 3, Subsection (a) of Section 7 and Subsection
(b) of Section 10 thereof.
(c) The Knitting, Braiding and Wire Covering Machie Industry
and Trade Association was and is an industrial and trade association
truly re~presentot~ive of the aforesaid Indust~ry and Trade and that
said association imposed and imposes no inequitable restrictions on.
admission to membership therein a~nd has applied for or consents to
these Amendments and Additions.
(d) The Amendments and Additions and the Code as amiended are
not designed to and w~ill not permit mnon~opolies or monopolistic
(e) The Amendments and Additions and the Code as amended
are not designed to and will not eliminate or oppress small enterprises
and will not operate to discriminate against t.hem.
(f) Those engaged in other steps of the economic process have not
been deprived of the right to be heard prior to approval of said Amend-
ments and Additions.
For these reasons, these Amendment~s and Additions have been
approved by me.
I~iUGH S. JoHNson,
Adm in isrator.
FEBRUARY 17, 1934.
A1MENDM/IENT TO CODE OF F'AIIR COMPETITILION F`OR THlE
KNITTIING, BRAIDING ANDI WIRE COVERING M~ACHIIIN~E
Pur!.olnnlt to Art~ic~le X of the Code of FIair Competition for the
Knitting, Braiding and Wiire Covering Machine Indust~ry, duly
approved byT the President on October 3, 1933, and further to effec-
tuate the policies of Title I of thae National Industrial Recovery Act,
the following amendments and additions are established as a part of
said Code of Fair Competition and shall be binding upon every muem-
ber of the Knitting, Brnlidingr and W7ire Covering Machine Inldustry
AMENDMENT NO. 1
Title amnded~~~r to read as follows:
"Code of Fair Competition for the Knitting, Branidingr and Wr
Covering Machine Industry and Tratde.
"AZs submitt~ed by the Associat~ion nC ofhe K~nitting, Braiding and
W~ire Covering Machine~i Industry and Trade."
AMENDMENT NO. 2
Article I amended to read as follows:
"To effectuate~ the policy of Title I of the Nl~ational Recovery Act,
dur~ing the period of the emrgncyi~ lc by reducing and relieving unem-
ployment, improving the standards of labor, eliminating compet~t~itve
practices destructive of the interests of the public, employees and
employers and otherwise rehabilitating the K~nitting, Braiding and
Wire Cover~ingr Mnchine~ Indusltry3 and Trade, the following pro-
visions are establi-;hed as a Code of Fair Comrpetit~ion for this Industry
AM1LEND)M ENT NO. 3
First~ Paliraryaphy amlendel d to read as follows:
"T'he term1 'Knlitting Machine Industry', as used herein, is def~ined
vvrrurUL LV~uYLV -~-V 1UY,C to mea n arndl include t ~nhe business o~ f m anu1Ifacrtulri I lng kit t ingl machines,
needles, parts, equipment, supplies and acce~ssories used in these
Second Paraocrapht~l amuended to read as follows:
The term 'Br aiding and W~ire Coverin Machine~ Industry', as
ulsed herein, is decfinedl to mean and include the business of manufac-
turing braidling and wire cov-ering machines, parts, equ~ipmernt, sup-
plies and necessories'i C~ used in these manchines."
Newr Fourth Paragrarph. inserted to read as follow s:
"The term 'Trade' means and includes the business of selling
knitting, braiding and wir covering mlachines, needles, parts, equip-
ment, supplies, acccesor~ies or service."'
Present Foulrth.Paragraph amended to read as followss:
"The termi employeeee, as used herei, includes any person engaged
in any phase of the IndustryadTae naycpcti h
natue o emloye irespctie of the method of payment of his
AMENI~VDMEfiNT NO. 4
AIrticle II amnended to read as follow\s:
"'Anyr employer may participate in the endeavors of the Association
of the Knitting, B~raiding and WTire (`overing Miachine Industry and
Trade relative to the administration of, revisions of or additions to
this Code byr accepting his proper pro rata share of the! cost and
responsibility of administering th~e Code, either by becoming a m~em-
ber of the said Association or by paying to the Code Authority,
referredd to in Ar~tic~le IV, his proper pro ratra share of the cost of
administering the Code. There. shall be no inequitable Irstrictions
upon admission to membership in the A2ssociation."
AMTENuDMENT~ NO. 5
Article TIV amended to r~eadl as followvs:
"'To etfectuate the policies of the Act, a Committee is hercby
designated to cooperate w~ith the Administrator as a Plannling and
Fair Pract~ice Agency for the :Industry and Trade. TIhis Commnittee
shall be known as the 'Code Authorityr' and shall consist of seve ()7)
members duly elected at a regular meetings of the Association, as
prescribed in Article 8 of t~he Association's By-Laws~. The Admlin-
istrator may also appoint one (1) t~o three (3) members of this Agency
to serve w\it'houit vote. Such~ Agencyv shall collect. necessary and p~ertl-
nont information relative t~o the operation of this Code andl shall
fromn time to time present to the Admninistrator recommendations
based on conditions in the Industry and Trrade as they may- develop
which wrill tend to effectuate the operation of the provisions of t~his
Code and the policy of the National Industrial Recovery~ A~ct. All
action takien by this Agency shall be subject, to the approval of the
A dmni ni stra tor."'
AM hENDMIENT NO. 6
ARTIICLE V~--lABOR REOC'LATIONS
Sectionl (a) amended to read as follows:
(a) Employecrs in thiis Industlry and Trade shlll comply withl the
follow-ing requirements of Section 7 (a) of Title 1 of thle Nationial
Industrial Recoveryv Act."'
Section (6) amended to read as f'ollowrs:
"'(b) On and after the effective date the miinimnum wage thant. shall
be paid by employers in the Industryv and Trade to accoulntimg,
clerical, and office employees shall be at the ra~te of not less thian
fifteen (15) dollars per week, and to all other employees (except
learners during their initial ninety (90) days, apprentices, and office
boys and girls, not to total more than five (5) percent of the average
yearly number of employees) shall be at the rate of not less than
forty (40) cents per hour regardless of whether the employee's comp-
pensationn is otherwise based on a, time rate or upon a piecework
performance; provided, however, that female employees, in the
needle manufacturing division of the K~nitting Machine Indust~ry
only, shall be paid at the rate of not less than thirty-five (35) cents
per hour; and that such female employees performing substantially
the same work as male employees shall receive the same rate of pay
as male emaplyees; provided further, that where a State lawr provides
a higher minimum wage, no person employed within that State shall
be paid a wage below that required by such State law, and, provided
further, that in no case shall the compensation of any employees ex-
pressly excepted in this Section (b) be less than eighty (80) percent of
the minimum rates of pay herein established."
Section (c) amended to read as follows:
"(c) On and after the effective date employers in the Industry and
Trade shall operate on the following schedule of hours:
"(1) No employee shall be perm-itted to work in excess of forty
(40) hours in any one (1) week or eight (8) hours in any twenty-four
(24) hour period beginning at midnight, except as herein otherwise
"(2) The provisions of Section (1) above shall not apply to traveling
salesmen, traveling service men, and executives, supervisors, and their
immediate assistants receiving thirty-five (35) dollars weekly or more.
"(3) The maximum hours fixed in Section (1) above shall not apply
to any employee on emergency mamntenance! or emergency repair
work involving breakdowns or protection of life or property, or on
emergencies occasioned by the necessity for services of specially
skilled employees which cannot be cared for by the employment of
additional mnen. In any such special case at least one and one-half
Times the normal rate shall be paid for hours worked in excess of thre
maximumn hours per day and per week provided in Section (1) above.
"(4) The maximum hours fixed in Section (1) above shall not apply
for eight (8) weeks in any twrenty-six (26) week period, during which
overtime shall not exceed eight (8) hours in an~y one (1) w~eek. In any
such case at least one sad one-half times the normal rate shall be
paid for hours worked in excess of eight (8) hours in any twenty-four
(24) hour period, or in excess of forty (40) hours in any seven (7) iday
"(5) All1 hours worked in excess of the hours provided in Section.
(1) above shall be reported to thre Code Authority in such. detail as
the Code Authorit a rqie
"(6)Not ess hanone and one-half times the normal rate shall
be p~ai~d for all work performed on Sundays and legal holidays, watch-
"(7) Watchmen shall be permitted to work not in excess of fort~y-
eight (48) hours per week.
"(8) No employer shall permit any employee to work for any time
which, wvhen totaled with that already performed for another employer
or employers, exceeds the me.xunum number of hours permitted herein.
"(9) Emiployers whio per~sonily p~erform11 mnua11a "ork or ar
engaged in mechanical operations shall noct eceecd the prescr~ibed
maximum number of hours.""
New? Section (e) added'l to read as follows:
"(e) A person whlose. earning capalcityv is limited because of age or
physical or mental handicap mnay be employed on light w-ork at a
wage belows the minimum, estaublishled by this Code if the employer
ob~tains~from th~e State Aulthority or Agencyr designated by the United
States Department of L~abor a certificate~ authorizing hiis employment
at such w~iages and for such hours as shall be stated mn the certificate.
Ea~ch employer shall file wvithl the Code A~uthlority a list of all such
persons employed byF himll.""
Newl Sectilon (f) added to read as follows:
(f) N\o employer shall reclassify emnployees or duties of occupations
performed or engage in any other subhterfulge for thle purpose of
defea ting the purposes or provisions of the A~ct or of this Code.'"
AMIENCDMENTC NO. 7
IIRTICLE VI--CHILD TIABOR
Article 17~ amlended to read as followsa:
"On and after. thle effective date of this Codel, emnployers in this
Industry- and Trade shlll not. employ any~ minor under sixteen (16)
years o-f age; pr-ovided, however, tha~t whZl1er a State lawr specifies a
higher minimum age, nlo person below~~ thle a~ge so specified by such lawct
shall be employecd within the State, arnd, pr~ovided further, that no
minor under eigh teen ( S:) yearIs of agee shall h~e emlplo!- ed oilIn hzardous
AMIENITDMIENT NO. 8
ARTICLE V'II--NFAIR RiETHODS OF COMPE~TTITON
rS~ECitio (e) amended to read as follows:
(e) To accept oldl machines, needles or partLiisas part payment for
new machines, needles or parts."
Section (f) nmended to read as follows:
(f) To sell machines, needles or parts other thann f.o.b. factory.""
Approvecd Code No. 32. Amendment No. 1.
Registry No. 1333-1-02.
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