UNIV. OF FL LIB.
INCLUDES AMENDMENT No. 1
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
For sale by the ISuperintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. - Price 5 cents
Approved~ Code No. 11--Consolidation No. 1
Registry No. 1151--11
NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
WIRE REI NFO RCEMSIENT
AS APPROVED ON AUGUST 13, 1934
WE DO OUR PART
This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents. Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C., and by district offices of the Bureau of
Foreign and Dume~stic Commiii'erce
DISTRICT OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
Atlanlta, Ga.: 504 Post Office Building.
Birmingham, Ala.: 257 Federal Building.
Boston, Mlass.: 1801 Custombouse.
Bulkilo, N.YT.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Char:eston, S.C.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Chicnao, Ill.: Suite 1706, 201 North W'ells Street.
Cleveland~, Ohio: Chamber of Comumerce.
Dallas, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Detrorit, Mich.: 801 First National Bank Building.
Houston, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Indianapolis. Indl.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Jacksonville, Fla.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Kansals City, Mlo.: 1028 Baltimore Avenue.
Los An~geles. Calif.: 1163 South Broadwnay.
Louisv-ille, Ky'.; 408~ Federal Building.
Mlemphis. Tennl.: 2,20 Federal Building.
MIinneapolis, Mlinn.: 213 Federal Building.
Newv Orleans, La.: Room 2"5-A, Customhlouse.
New York, N.Y.: 7341 Customhiouse.
N'orfolk, Van.: 40r6 Eas~t Plumel Street.
Phlilaiellhia, Pa3.: 422" Commercial Trust Building.
Pittsburgh, P'a.: Chamber of Commnerce Buildling.
Porthund, Oreg.: 215 New Post Ofice Building.
St. Louis, M~o.: 50)6 Olive Street.
San Francisco, Ca:if.: 310 Custombouse.
Seattle, Wash.: 80)9 Federal Offce Building.
Approved Code No. 11---Consolidation No. 1
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
WVIRE REINFORCEMENT I-NDUSTRY
A4s Approved on August 13, 1934
APPROVING THE APPROVE CODE FOR THIE IRON AND) STEEL INDUSTRY
AS THE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE WIRE IREINFORCEMCENT
An application having been made pursuant to Admlinistrative Or-
der No. X-61, dated July 10, 1934, by the Wire Reinforcement Indus-
try for codiification by consolidation under the approved Code of F'air
Competition for the Iron and Steel Industry and for the approval of
said Code as the: Code of Fair Competition for the Wire Reinforce-
ment Industry as hereinafter defined and the annexed report thereon
having been nadle and directed to the Presidlent., and it appearing to
me that said application is in full compliance with Title I of the
National Industrial Recovery Act;
NOW., THEREFORE, on behlalf of the President of the United
States? I, HIugh S. Johnson, Administrator for Industrial Recovery,
p~ursunnt to authority vested in me byr Executive Orders of the Presi-
dent., including Executive Order No. 6543-A, dated December 30,
19333, and otherwise, do hereby;
(a) Incorporate by reference said annexedl report,
(b) Find that said Code complies in all respects with the pertinent
provisions and w~ill promote the policy and purpose of said Title
of said Act,
(c) Order that said Code be and~ it hereby is approvedl as the
Code of Fair Comnpettition for the Wire Reiniforcemnent Industry
defined as follows:
"i The mannufacture and sale by the mannufacturer of M~esh, 1Fabric,
or M\ats, madle from~ Drawn WVire or W~ire RodsI in which the mem-
bers ar~e attached at their intersections; in which no members are
spaced less than tw~o (2) inches center to center; and which is used
for reinforcing concrete pavements, the floors or other structural
elements of buildings, concrete sewiers or pipe, or any construction
or manufactured product. involving thie use of Portland Cement4
Gypsum, or other plastic material; but not including "paper back'
8601V-~1151-53- 34- (1)
fabric, or other fabric when used as a base or reinforcement for
plaster or stucco."
This order shall become effective ten (10) days from the date
hereof unless prior to that time good cause to the contrary is shown
to me and I, by my further order, otherwise direct.
~IIUH S. JoHNSON,
Admrinisitrator for Industria~l Recovery.
Approval recommended :
GEO. L. BERRY,
Div'i~sion1 Adm1)inistr rator.
REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT
The Wthite House.
SmR: This is a report on the approval of the approved Code for
the Iron and Steel Indlustry as the Code of Fa'ir Competition for the
Wlire Reinforcement Industry.
HrOURS AND W~AGEs
Eight (8) of the ten (10) members composing the Wire Rein-
forcement Industry are at the present time operating under the
approved Iron and Steel Industry Code in the manufacture of other
products. These ei ght. compalln ies nprodue eighty-five1 peCr cnlt. (85(i%)
of the tonnage of wire reinforcement in the entire Industry.
The eight companies producing the eighty-fivre per cent of the pro-
duction in tons in this Industry do not operate a separate reinforce-
ment plant in that wire reinforcement is produced in the same plants
that produce the basic material of the product, which is Drawn Wire
and Wire Rods, and merely operate a wire department of their
The same employees workingr under the wage and hour provisions
in the approved Iron and Steel Industry Code work. a small percent
age of t.heir time producing wire reinforcement.
The wage and hour provisions in t.he Wrire Reinlforcement ]Indulstry
are to be the same as in the approved Iron and Steel Inldustry Code.
ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF THEI CODE
The WSire R.einforcement Industry, like all industries engaged
in construction endeavors, has suffered during the depression. The
number of employees in 1928 was seven hundred and fifty ('150).
The number of employees in 1933 was seven~ hundred (700), repre-
sent ing a lecreasen of six arnd seven-tenths npr ~cnt, (6.7Cr) from the
1928 level. The In~dustry is highly mlechanized; hence,th number
of mien employed is com~aratively small. As production fell off
fifty and six-t~enths per cent. (50.6%~) andl the num~iber of emploees
has only declined six and seven-tenths per cent (6.7%r), it is evide~nt
that the number of man-hours w~as materially reduced and that workr
was spread among th~e number of mien available for work.
The definition of the W'ire Reinforcement Industry is as follows:
"L The manufacture andl sale by the mannufacturer of Miesh, Fab~rie,
or M~ats, made from Drawn WJire or Wiire Rodls, in which the mnem-
bers are attached at their intersections; in which no members are
spaced less than two (2) inches center to center; and which is used
for reinforcing concrete pavements, the floors or other structural ele-
ments of buildings, concrete sewers or pipe, or any construction or
manufactured product involving the use of Portland Cement, Gyp-
sum, or other plastic material; but not including paper back "
fabric, or other fabric when used as a base or reinforcement for
plaster or stucco."'
The Deputy Administrator in his final report to me on said Code,
having found as herein set. forth and on the basis of all the proceed-
ingis in this matter:
I find that.:
(a) Saidl Code is well designed to promote the policies and pur-
nposs of Title I of the National Indusatrial Recovery Act, includ~ing
removal of obstructions to the free flow of inter~state and foreign com-
merce which tend to diminish the amount thereof and will provide
for the general welfare by promoting the organization of Industry
for the purpose. of cooperative action among trade groups, by induc-
ing and maintaining united action of labor and management under
adequate governmental sanctions and supervision, by eliminating
unfair competitive practices, by promoting the fullest possible utili-
zation of the present productive capacity of industries, by avoiding
undlue restrictions of production (except as may be temporarily re-
quir~ed), by increasing the consumption of industrial and agricultural
products through increasing purchasing power, by reducing and re-
lieving uinemployment, by imprroving standards of labor, and by
otherwise rehabilitating industry.
(b) Said Industryv normially employs not more than 50,000 em-
p~loy'ees; it is not cla~ssifiedl by me as a major Industry.
(c) The Codle as approved complies in all respects with the perti-
nent provisions of said Title of said Act, includlingr without limita-
tion Subsection (a) of Section 3, Subsection (a) of Section 7, and
Subsection (b) of Section 10 thereof; and that the applicant associa-
tion is an industrial association truly representative of the aforesaid
indust ryr; and that said association imposes no inequitable restrictions
on admission to membership t~herein.
(d) The Code is not designed to and will not permit monopolies
or monopolistic practices.
(e) The Code is not designed to and will not eliminate or oppress
small enterprises and will not operate to discriminate against them.
(f) Those engaged in other steps of the economic process have
not been deprived of the right to be heard prior to approval of said
For these reasons, therefore, I have approved this Code.
Huon S. JoHNsoN,
AnousT 13, 1934.
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITIONS~ FOR THI3E WIJ1RE
RE I NFO RC EMENT INDUSTRY
See approved code for the Iron and Steel Indlustry, which is the
approved code for the W\ire Reinforcement, Industry.
Approved Code N'o. 11--ConsEolida t on N'o. 1.
Registry No. 1151-11.
Approved Code No. 11,'C1--Amendment No. 1
AMENDMENT TO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
WTIRE REINFORCEMENT INDUSTRY
As Approved on September 12, 1934
nl0DIFYING ALND AMIPLTFYING A~nnIIISrunnaT ORDER NO. ll1,E1-1
DATED AvarUsT 13, 1934, APPROV"ING; THE APPROVED CODE FOR THE
IRON AND STEEL INDUrSTRY AS THE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR
THE Y~IRE REIN;FORCEM\ENT INDUSTRY
Havingl considered suggrestions submitted by the applicant Asso-
ciation wrhich~ sulbmittedl the application referred to in Administra-
tive Order No. 11.0'C1-1 dated Augaust 13, 1934-1, for codification by
consolidation under the! approved Code of Fair Competition for t~he
Iron andl Steel Indlustry andi for the approval of said Code as the
Code of Fair Comlpetition for the W\ire Reinforcemient Industry;
anld no other criticisms of, objections to, or suggestions for the miodi-
fiwation or amplification of, said A~dministrative Order or of the
appiroval of said first mentioned Code as the Code of Fair Compe-
titioni for said W\ir~e Reinforcement Indlustry having been submitted
as pr~ovided for in Adlministrativee Order No. 11 C1-2 dated August
13, 1934., and the affective date of said Administrative Order No.
11.-01-1 havingr been extendled to September 15, 1934, by Admlinis-
tra~tive Order No. 11l'C1-3 dated August tt, 1934;
NOW, THEREFORE, on behalf o~f the President of the United
States, I, Hugh S. Johnson, Admninistrator for Industrial Recovery,
pursunnt to authority vested in me by executive orders of the Presi-
dent,, inclu~dingi Executive Order No. 6543-A, dated December 30,
1933, andc otherwise, dlo hereby modify and amplifyv said Adminis-
trative Orderr No. 11, C1-1 and do order as follows:
(1) The definition of the WVire Reinforcement Industry as set
forth in said order is hereby modified to read, and the Wire Rein-
for~cement Industry to which said order applies is hereby defined,
The business of manufacturing or causing t~o be manufactured in
the United States and selling the following described products:
M~esh, Fabric or M~at~s made from plain or galvanized drawn wire
of iron or steel or from iron or steel wire rods, in which the members
are attached at their intersections, in which no members are spaced
less than two inches center to center, and which is designed for usu
for reinforcing concrete pavemlents, the floors or other struictur~al
elements of buildings, concrete sewers or pipe, o an~y construction or
man ufact ured prod uct involving the use of Portland Cemne nt,
G~ypsumn or other ,lastic material; but not including paper backr "
fabric or other fabric when used as a base or reinforcement for
plaster or stucco.
(2) The basingr points for the above-dlescribedl products of said
Industry to which the applicable provisions of the Code of Fiair
Competition for the Iron and Steel Indusrtry shall arpiJCply hal b
follows : Pittsburgh, Pa., And~erson, Ind., C'hicaro, Il.,(w enir
rnesh only) and the Pacific Coast Ports enumierated in Schedule F
of said Code.
(3) In any case in which by the provisions of said Code the mem-
bers thereof are, or have been required to do anly act or thling, within
anly period of time or on or prior to anly date therein sp~ecified~, which
period of time or date hias expired~ prior to the dante of this order, the
time within which thle mnembhers of the W\ie! Reinforcement Indlustry
shall be required to do the net or thing as prescribedl by said respec-
tire provisions shall be thle period terminating on December 31, 1934.
(4) Any amendment, that shall hereafter be m~ade to said Code of
Fair Competition for th~e Iron and Steel Induistry shall apply to and
constitute an amendment of the C~ode constituted bly said Aildminris-
trative Ordler No. 11 C1-1 as modified and amplified by this order
as t.he Code of Fair C'ompetition for t.he WVire Reinforcement In-
dustry, and, subject to earlier termnint~ion or modification, this order
shall continue in effect so long as saidt Code of Fair Competition for
the Iron and S$teel Industry shall be in effect..
This order shall become effective the 15th day of September, 1934,
unless prior to that date gaoodl cause to the cont~rary is shown to mne
and I, by my further order, otherwise direct.
Henc S. JoHNSON,
Admi.ni~st~rato~r for Ind-ustrial R~ecovery.
Approval recommended :
JOSjEPH F. BATTL~EY,
Acting Dizvisior ln. Adminis~t~torat
Seprtenber 19, 1934.
Approved Code No. 11,'C1-Amiendment No. 1.
Registry No. 1151-11.
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