Code of fair competition for the wood turning and shaping industries as approved on April 4, 1934

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Title:
Code of fair competition for the wood turning and shaping industries as approved on April 4, 1934
Portion of title:
Wood turning and shaping industries
Physical Description:
p. 125-154 : ; 24 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- National Recovery Administration
Publisher:
United States Government Printing Office
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:

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Subjects / Keywords:
Woodworking industries -- Law and legislation -- United States   ( lcsh )
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federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

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Additional Physical Form:
Also available in electronic format.
General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Registry No. 330-02."
General Note:
"Approved Code No. 383."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004952628
oclc - 63654583
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AA00006995:00001

Full Text



















































I 'j
Iar ale byJ dae Superintndenl of Decamellnt. Wshington, D.C. - Prie 5 cents


Approved Code No. 383


Registry No. 330--02


NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION




CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION



WOOD TURNING

AND SHAPING INDUSTRIES


AS APPROVED ON APRIL 4, 1934


WE D oUR PART


UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTINGC OFFICE
WSAHINGTON: 1984

























This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Off~ice, Washington, D).C., and by district offices of the Bureau of
Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
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Approved Code No. 383


CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
FOR THE

WOOD TURNING AND SHAPING INDUSTRIES

As Approved on April 4, 1934


ORDER

ArPPROVIN CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THIE YrOOD TERNING
AND SaarlNG INDUSTRIES
An application havingr been duly made pursuant to and in full
compliance with the provisions of Tiitle I of t~he National Industrial
Recovery Act, approv-ed June 16, 1933, for approval of a Code
of Fair Competition for thle WVood Turnings and Shapingr Industries,
and hearings having been duly held thereon and the annexed report
on said Code, containing findings with respect thereto, having been
made and directed to the President:
NOW, THEREFORE, on behalf of the President of the United
States, I, Hugh S. Johinson, Administrator for Industrial Recoer~y,
pursuant to authority vested in me by Executive Orders of the Presi-
dent, including Executive Order N'o. 6543-A, dated December 30,
1933, and otherwise; do herebyp incorporate by reference said annexed
report and do find that said Code complies in all respects with the
pertinent provisions and will promote thle policy and purposes of
said Title of said Act; and do hereby order that said Code of Faeir
Competition be and it is hereby approved.
HOwH S. JoHson,
Aldministratfor for Industr~ial Reccovery.
Approval recommended :
A. R. GL~mr;C,
Div~is-ion Admninistr~ator.
VASH~INGCTON, D.C.,
April S, 1934.
(125)












IREPORTI TO THTE PRESIDENTT


Tihe PRESIDENT,
The White House.
SIR: This is a report on the Cod-e of Fair Competition, for the
Wood Tlurning and Shaping Indlustries~, the hearing being c~ondurcted
in Wash~lingto n, D.C., on January 16th, 1934, in accordance with the
provisions of the NVational Industr~ial R~ecovery ~Act. This Code is
composed of Part A and P~art B. Part A is the basic Code contanin-
ing prov,\isions~ which have been judgledl to be releva;nt, to various
wood turning and shaping industries which are now inl-lclued or
might be included later in this Group. Part B is c~omp~osed of the
Divisional Codes for the various induslltr'ies. Many of the mlember~s
of thlese indlustries manufacture the products included in more thacn
one D~ivision. This fact and the effort to reduce code admlninistr~ation
expenses to the minimluml have been. the chief r~easonls for dlevelop-
ing the Codes fo~r those industries as a Group Code. The provisions
on hours and wng.,~'. are pla~cedl in Part A.
PROVI~ISloN~S ON HOURS AND WAGES

The unrixinanll hours provided in. this Code for emlployees are forty
(40) hours per weekcli and e~ighlt (8) hours per day. W~hen produe-
ti) on emns itr wemploy hees my be! permitted to w~or'k forty-eighlt
(48 hors er eekforthre () weeks in each thlirtee~n (13) con-
se~cutive weeks' period but not more than forty (40) hours per week
averaged over the thirteen w-eeks' periods.
D~esiganers, tool builders, extc~utivet and supervisiory employees
whol- regularly r~ce~ive $:3j.00~ or more per wPeek, and outside sales-
mlen are exempted from the hours limuitatio~s. W~a~tchmlen ar~e per-
m~ittedr to work fifty-six (56) hours per week. Outside tr~uckmen,
firemen, eng~ineer~s, cleaners, foremen, shipping clerks and outside
crews are permitted a tolerance of 121/2% over1 the pres~cr'ibed hours
in both regular and peak seasons. Iln cases of lemergency$ repair
and maintenance work involving breakdowns, or protcct~ion of life
or prop-er~ty employees are t~exemp'ted from hours lim~itations aInd ar~e
to be panid one and one-third times their normal rate for hours
worked in exces of eight hours per dlay or forty hours~ per weeke
The mlinimlum wage en:tes provided in this Codelt are as follows:
Male employees in. the north 35 cenlts per hon,li in the south 324.4
cents per hour, female empllloytee 30 cents in the nor~thl and f274l.6
cenlts in the southll. TIhe dlifferen~tial betw-een male and femalne eml-
ployees, while protected by tle. pr~ovision thlat female emlployees
Iperforninlg substantially the samae wor~k as male employees.shlll
receive the same wPiage, is not el.rlcnom~ically sound and is justifiable
only on grounds of long established p~racticer. In actual practice the
diffe~rentinIf has b~eenl as great as 100%., By this Code it has been
(11'0)






127


reduced to approximately 18%0 in thle hope that the practice will
shortly disappear altogether. Although the work performed by
women is lighter than that performed by men it frequently requires
more skiill. M\Iessengers, office boys and office girls, between 16 and
18 years of age, and learners, for a period not to exceed six weeks,
may) be compensated ait not less than 80% of thle minimum rate.
These employees shall not exceed 5%0 of th~e total number of the
employees of any employer. Handicapped persons miay be employed
at less than the minimum wage under thle usual prescribed conditions.
It is provided that there shall be an equritablee adjustment of wages
alrgre thle minimum rate.
CmonD LBeon

The minimum age provided in this Code is 16 years but in
hazardous occupations this age limit is increased2 to 18 years. It is
provided that the Code Authority shall submit a list o~f such occu-
pations to the Administrator within 60 days of the approval of this
Code.
Ecuxome EFFECT OF TH~IS CODE.

VARIETY WiOOD TURrnIG A~ND SMALL TURNED WOOD HANcDLE8 DIVISION

This industry hias reabsorbed the unemployment among its workers
incident to the depression and reports 38%o more employees in the
last half of 1983 than in 1929, and nearly 80%l more than employedl
in June, 1933. This increase miay be partly attributed to reduction
in hours per employee since 1929 but chiefly to increased production
since June, 1933, when the average week wFas 40.4 hours.
The minimum wage prescribed in this Clode will greatly increase
the av-erage earnings of employees as compared with the earnings of
1932 and 1933 and probablyI will more than restore them to the level
of 1929. The average weekly earnings for employees in the north
in June, 1933, were only $12.62 while under the Code the minimum
will be $14.00 for men and $12.00 for women. The employees of this
industry are unorganized and the majority of the employees are paid
at or near the minimum wage rate.
SPOOL DIVISION

This industry has absorbed 5%0 more workers on the forty hour
week than employed in 1929 on an averagie 52 hour week, in spite of
decreased total production. A further 18%0 increase will occur if
production equal to that of 1929 is required. The present employ-
ment is approximately 25%0 greater than in 1932.
The reports of this industry come exclusively from thle north
where the large majority of the product is manufactured. The
souterndiferetia isreltivly significant in calculating the
economic effects of the Code. rigtepio19913th
minimum wage has ranged between 22.5 cents and 26 cents. The
minimum rate prescribed for the north in this Code is 30 cents
for the women and 35 cents for the mien. Approximately one thlird
of the employees are w-omen. Forty per cent of the employees are
skilled, 35 per cent are semi-skilled, and 25 per cent are unskilled.






128


The average wagEe rate per hour was only 38.5 cents in 19129 and
36 oents in 1933. T3he mlajority of the employees wCere wor'kinlg at
lower ra~tes than prescribed as the minimumll in the Code. It is
clear that the pr~escribedr' minimum ra;tes will considerably in-r~ease
the~ pay roll of this industry.
CLO)THES'IN :DI\`ISIONh
Th-isF industry employed in the last two quarters of 1!,3:3 approxri-
mately 25 per cent more wTork~ers than emplloyed in 1929, though
nearly 20 per cent less than during the first twvo quarters of 11W13.
The work weekr averaged about 54 hours for the first two qluarrei-
of 1933, but for the last t~wo quar'ters' ave'lragPed only slightly over
36 hours. This indicates that the industry probab~llly woorked for
stckcl requir~emenlts for the first half of the year in or~der ~to takre
advantages of prices of raw materials and low labor costs.
The a~ve~rage wager inI the Ilast. quarllter of 1933 was Sligh~tly higher
than in 1929. The minimum wvage rafte~s prescrlibed in this ('ode will
further incl~rese the earnings as approximately~ 55 per cent of the
male employees are receiving less than this minimum and all the
female employees were receiving less thann the minimum prescribed
for them~. Fifty-four per cent of the employees are women. Labor
in this indcustryS is unorganized and the average wages have been
only~ slightly higher th~an. the mlinimnum rates.
CANDY STICK. DIV'ISION
T7he number of employees: engaged in this indlustry increasedl from7
125 in 1929 to 215 in 1933 due partly to incr~nease I~reuir~emlents for
this product but the major increase occur~red- in the last qluarter
of 1933 due to compliance with the Presilfent's Rteemploymllent
Agreement a7nd the shortening of the work week.
Thne average weekly wage steadily decreased from. $18.20 in 1929
to $14.00 in 1933. TChe minimumn wage var~idc~ from 18.3 cents to 25
cents during that five year period and the Inrge majority of the
emllployees are reported as unskilled or semni-sk~illed. The mninimlum
wage pr~escribedl in this Code will substantially increase the wange r~ate
of practically all employees.il
FLAT AND SHAPED VENEER P'RUDIUCTS DIVISION

Empllloymentn in this indcustry d recr~eased from 756 in 1929 to 57i0 in
1932. This increnee-t d to 729 in the last quarter of 1933 when some
of the mlemberc~ls of the industry complied with the President's Reem-
ployment Agreemencrt. The average w~ork~ w~eek in Oct~ober, 1933, was
still 63 hours, therefore a sulbcstantial increase in empIloymlent may be
expec~tedi by the adoption of thie for~ty hour week pr~escribed by this
Code. The adoption of a 40 hour week: wIill increase employment
approxrimatecly 50% if production is continued at the present rate
which is doubtful as those w~ho have not cooperated by; complying
with the Pre~sidenlt's Reemploymelnt Agreemnent have probably man-
ufactured a Inrget supply for stock. The few members w~ho, under
these condlitio~ns, have co~mpliedl wit~h the Presidlent's Reemployment






129


Agremelntt deserve special commenindation for their cooperative
spirit.
Wauge rates hlave been extremely low in this industry. ~Labor
is unorg~anized andl the miajor~ity of the workers receiv-e the minimum
rates. Between 80) and 83j per cent of maule mplllloyees and approxi-
muately 93 per cent of thle female emlployrees have b~een receiving less
than t'he mninimiumi rates prescribed in thisi C'ode so that thle applica-
tioni of these rates w~ill substantially increase the payrolls of the
members of this industry.
TOOTHP'~ICK DIVISIONS

Emiploymnent in this industry has remiainied constant at 3ri0 emn-
p'loyees during the periodt fromt 19129 to 1933. The average hours
per week in 1929 wrere 51.9 hours andi in June, 1933, w~ere 48 hours.
The average hours per wreek remained the: same in October, 1933.
If thle members of this industry hiave not mianuifactured for stock
so that it will be unnecessary to continue to produce in the same
quantity.. a increase of approximately, 200 of the number of em-
ployees now engaged should be accomplished by the adoption of the
40 hlour miaximum week prescribed in this Code.
The average hourly wage rate in this industry was 4~0.2 cents in
19'29 and 41.4 cents in 1933. Since labor is unorganized the majority
of the employees will probably not receive much in excess of the
prescribed minimum. One of the four members of this industry
reported a miinimum hourly wage rate of 22 cents. From this
inadequate report it is diffcult to estimate whiat increase in wage
rates will result but it is believed thiat Fomne increase will occur.

SKiEW\ER DIVISION

Thle production volume andi the number of employees in this
industry have been practically constant during the four years
1929-19332.
Thle average week w~ase ecreasedl fromt 45 hours to 40 by coml-
pliance with the President,'s Reemployment Agireement and this
caused an increase in the number of employees fr~om 103i to 191 or
about 15%1. The provisions of this Code will not further increase
employment unless increased production is required and thle number
of employees is now 5% greater than in 19)29.
The average weekly wagre declined from $18l.20 in 1929 to $14.00
in 1933. Under the Code the minimum wage will approximazte the
average w~age of 1933 and is fromt 20% to 400o higher than thte
minimum wage rates reported for 1933. Thurs the mniiimumn rates
prescribed cause a substantial increase in thle wages of emnploy~ees in
this industry.

BRUSHI HANDLE AND BlRUSH BLOCK DIVISION

The number of employees in this industry during the last half of
1933 was approximately 5%0 more than in 19)29. D~uringa the second
quarter of 1933 there was a great increase in the number of em-
ployees which may have been inspired by the desire to manufacture






130


for stock; to take advantagec of lo-ng hours and low wages that pre-
vailed at that time. Dul~rin the first six months of 1933:- the avrernage
workr week was 54.2 hours and duriinlg the last quarter of 193:3 fewer
workers were emlployed~! and the average week wa;s r~eucedi~c to 30.8g
hours. N~o increase in employment will be effec~tedt by the h-ours
prescr~ibed in this Codle.
T'he wage rates of this industry'3 have been very low, prac~tically13 all
employees receiving less than the mnimrmum r~ates~ pr1esjcrib edc in~ Lhu
Code. The average earnings of employees dur~ing the second~ quar-
ter of 1933 will be more than doubled by the wage provisions oft this
Code.
FINmweGs

The Assiistant Deputy Ad mlinist ra~torl in. his final repotlclt to melc on
said Code having found as herein set forth n ndl on the basis of all
the proceedings in this matter:
I find that:
(a) Said Code is w\ell designed to prom~l~ote~ the policies andc p~ur-
poses of T'itle I. of the Natio~nal Indus~ltr~ial Recovery Act, ilc~ludling
remuoval of obtstruLc~tions to the free flow of interstatet and forleigan
cconlnerlce which tendic to dimlinish the amo1unllt thereof and will p~ro-
vide for the general welfare by pr1omuoting~ thet OIErganiZation~ of in-
dustry~6" for the purpose of coop~erative action amon.)1g the trade groups,~
by indcing( and mai~i ntari nin united action of labor1 and managie-
men~rt under adequate governmentarlclt1 .sanctio.ns and sup~erv\iaion, by
elimiinating unfair competitive prac-tic~e3,by promollctingj the fullest
possible ultiliza~tion of the presetlt productive capacity of indcustr~ies,
-by avociding undue restriction of production (except as mayn3 bec temn-
porarily required), by increasing the caon umpltion of ind~ustr~ial and
agricultural products through inicrea~singb purnchaingii~r power, by re-
dulliring and relieving unemployment, byv inln-oving;lr -:-tandardsc of
inher,1,' and by otherwise r~ehub~ilita;ti ng industry.
(b) S'aidl induistic ries normally employ nlot more thin' 50,000(. ensi-
ployees; and are not classifired by mne as major indurst~ie~s.
(c) Thne Code as applrov\edl comp)l~ies. in. all recsp~cts with thle plerti-
nent provisions of said Title of said Act, incl d ingr wicithout'l nlimtation
Susetin(a) of Stction 3, Substectionn (a) of Sec~tioni T, and
rusc~:I-~~Ction~ (b) of Section 10 the~treolf; and that the applicant associa-
tions are industrial associations truly representative of the aforesaid
industries; and that said associations impose no inequitable r~estric-
tions on admission to mllemberhip therein.
(d) The Code is not de signedd to and will. no~t permit mo~~nopolies
or mon lopol ist i c:- pract i ces.
(e) Thle Code is nlot des~igned2 to and wcsill not elimlinate or oppress
smrnall entrpi1e~s anl will nlot, operate to discriminaiite against thiem.
(f) Those ellngaged in other steps of the economic prciess have
not been deprived of the right to be! heard p~ior~l to apprIoval7 of snid
Code.
For these reasons, therefore, this Code has been appr~lov'ed.
Res~pec~tfully,
HUGH S. JoINSON,
Ad cminlist ra or.
APRIL 4, 1934.













CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THTE: WOOD TURNING)
AND SHAPING INDUSTRIES
PART A--MASTER CODE

ARTICE I--PURPOSES

To effect the policies of Title I of the National Industrial Re-
covery Act, this code is established as a Code of Fair Competition
for the W~ood Turning and Shaping Industries as hereinafter defined,
and its provisions shall be the standards of fair competition for suchi
industries and shall be binding upon every member thereof.

ARTICLE II--DEFINITIONS

SECTION 1. Wood0 Turninllg anld Shaping Industr~ies.-The term
" Wood Turning and Shaping Industries "' as used herein shall mean
the manufacture for primary distribution of turned and shaped wood
products as hereinafter defined in Part B of this Code for the
respective Divisions or Subdivisions, established pursuant to the
provisions of Article VII hereof.
SECTION 2. Division and Subdivision~..--The Term Division or
"' Subdivision of the industry as used herein shall mean the several
branches of the industry which are herein or may hereafter be
established. The Divisions or Subdivisions immediately established
and defined in Part B of this Code are:
1. The Variety Wood Turning and Small Turned WYood Handles
Division.
2. The Spool Division.
3. Clothespin Division.
4. The Candy Stick Division.
5. The Flat Veneer Products Division.
6. Toothpick Division.
7. The Skewer Division.
8. The Brush Handle and Brush Block Division.
SECTION 3. Members of the Induatry.--The termn member of the
industry includes, but without limitation, any individual or enter-
prise engaged in the industries, either as an employer or on his or its
own behalf.
SEroxIO 4. Member of Division or Subdivisiont.--The term "L mem3-
ber of the Division or member of the Subdivision shall mean any
member of the industry as classified in any division or subdivision of
the industry now or hereafter established and defined in Part B3 of
this Code.
SECTION 5. Administrative Agency.--The terms "LAdministrantive
Agency or "LAdministrative Agencies shall mean the Divisional or
Subdivisional Administrative Abgency or Agencies (as defined in
51724"- 482-4 --34-2 (131)






132


Part A Article VII, Section 3, and in the varlious units of Part; B
of this ;t!ode) of any Division. or Subdivision of these Industries, now
or hereafter established.
SECTI~ON 6. Emnployee.--The term employee "' as used herein i~n-
cludes any and all persons engaged in t~he industry, except a member
of the Industry,"' however competnsated.
SCECTION 7. 17t'mpl~oyer.-Theh term "C emnployJer as used herein in-
cludles anly member o~f the industry by whom such employee is com-
pensa~ted or emnploy~ed.
SECTION 8. Th'le term South as used(' herein, shall include the
States of North Carolina, South Caroclinau, Tenlne~sse, M~ississippi,
Louisiana, Arkannss, ~Florida, Georgia, Virginia, Alabama and Texas.
SECTON 9. Tile term "L NOrth as used herein, shall include thne D~is-
tr~ict of Columnbia and all States of. Continellna United States not
included~~c in the South as defined in Section 8.
SECTION 10. Act and Adadnistr ~rator.-Tlhe terms "Act and "C Ad-
ministrator as used herein shall mean, respec"tivecly, Title I of the
National Industriai~l Recovery Act, and the Atdministrator for In-
dustrial Rcovel\ry.
ARTICLE III-H~oves

SECTION 1. No employee shall be permitted to work in excess of
eight; (8) hours in any twenty-four (24) hour period or forty (40)
hours in any one week, except as hereinafter -otherwise provided.
SECTION 2. The maximum hours prescribed in Section 1 of this
"''' '" ~r "^~J" 'Articrle shall not, apply to employees engraged exclusively as dlesign-
ers, tool builders or as exec~utie: or supervisory emnplo-yees, who regu-
lar~ly receive thirty-five (35) dollars or more per week, nor to outside
salesmen.
SlECTION 3. WTeVlf aneni~ii.--The me xsimlum hours prescribed .in kSec-
tion 10of this Article shall not apply to wafe~hmen, provided, however,
that wachml~len shall not be permitt~ed to worlk in excess of fifty-six
(56) hours in any one week.
SECTION 4. Outsjide truckmen, firemen, engineers, cleanlers, fore-
men, shnippingr clerks, and outside crews, may be permitted to w~o~rk a
tolerance of 121/2%0 OVer the hours prescribed in Section 1 of this
AC~rticle, and during peak sealsonls they mlay be permitted to work a
tolerance of 1~21/2%o over the hours permitted in Section 6.
SECTlION 5. Emiergenci'es.-The maximum hours prescribed in See-
tion 1 of this Articlle shall not apply to employees engaged in emner-
g~ency maintenance or emergency repair work involving: breakdowns
or protection of life or pr~ope~ty~, provided, however, that in any
such .special cases emrployeres shall be paid at not less th`~an one and
one third times their normal rate of pay for all hours worked in
excess of eight (8) hours in any one day or forty (40) hours in any
one week.
SECTION 6j. Pe~aki Seasons.-T-Phe mnaximumn hours prescribed- in See-
tion 1 of this Article shall not apply in cases of seasonal or peak
operations,~ prov"iddc', however, that any employee engaged in such
operattions may) not be? permitted to wIorkI in excess of forty-eight
(48) hocurs in. any one week, nor permitted to work such forty-eight
(48) hours per w~eek for more t~han three (3) weeks in each thir-
teen (13) conscutiv~clt e weekst~ period, nor per~mittedl to w~orkr in excess






133


of forty(40) hours per w~eek averaged over each thirteen (13) con-
secu~tive wek period specified by the appropriate D~ivisional or
Subdivisional Agency.
SECTION 7. Dual ~E:mploymencn.-NoY~ employer shall knowingly en-
gage any employee for any time which, wheztn totaled with that
already performed with another employer or employers, exceedls the
miaximumn hours prescribed in this Article.
ARTICLE 17-17AGES

SECTION 1. 1VilnlZmum iC'age Ratecs.--No male emlployee, shall be
paid at less than the rate of thirty-two and one half (30 ..5) cents
per hour in the South, nor less than thirty-five (35) cents per hour
in the North, and nio female emplloyee, shall be paid at less thian the
rate of twenty-seven and one half (e7f4.') cents per hour in thte South,
nor less than thirity (30:) cents per h~our in thle N'orth, except as
hereinafter otherwise provided in this Article.
SECTION 2. PiCewezorkl and Miinimrum Ir'age~.-- This Article estab-
lishes a minimum rate of pay which shall apply irrespective of
whether an employee is actually compensated on a time-rate, piece-
workc, or other basis.
SECTION 3. Parymren~t of T~'agesr.-An employer shall make pay-
Inent of all wages due in lawful currency, or by negotiable checked
therefore payable on demand. These wages shall be exemipt from
any payments for premiiums, insurance, or sick benefits other than
those voluntarily paid by the wage earners, or required by law. All
employment agreements shall require that wages be paid at least at
the end of every two w~eeks' period, salaries at least at thle end of
every month, and that no employer shall withholdd wages dlue any
employee.
SECTION 4. die88clger8, Ofeecc Boys, Ofece Girls arnd Learnercrs.--
M~Zessengers and office boys and offce girls between the ages of six-
teen (16) and eighteen (18) yeanrs alndpersons learningr an occupa-
tion shall be paid not less than eighty percent of the minimum wage,
provided that the number of such employees shall not exceed five
percent of the total number of employees of any one employer at
any one time, and that the learners shall not be comipensatedl at less
than the mninimzum rate for a period in excess of six (6) weeks, irre-
spective of whether they are employed by one or mor~e employers.
SECTION 5. Ad~justm7ent of It'ages.-T'here shall be an equitable
adjustment of all wages above the minimum prescribedt in this article
and within sixty (60) days from the effective date of this Code all
such adjustments made since June 16, 19337, shall be reported to the
Code Authority and to the Administrator. In no case shall hourly
rates be reduced.
SECTION 6. Femldzl 172ployeE8.--Female employees performing
substantially the same work as male employees shall receive the same
rates of pay.
SECTION 7. Handicapped Emlployees.--A person whose earning
capacity is limited because of age, physical or mental handicap, or
other infirmity, may be employed on light work at a wage below the
minimum established by a Code, if the employer obtains from the
state authority, designated by the United States Department of







134


Labor, a certificate aultho~rizingr such pe'son'"s employment ait such
wages and for such hours as shall be stated in the certificate. Such
authority shall be guided by the instructions of the 7United ~States
Department of Labor inl issuing c~ertifielntes to such persons. Each
employer shall file monthly with the Code Authorityv a list of all
such persons employed by him, sho~wingr the wages paid to, and the
maximum hours of work for such employee.
Ainner, V---GENElRAL I-ABO0R PRirlTSIONS

SECTION 1_. Child: Labor P~rohibiterd.-N~io person under 1_6 yea rs of
age shall be employed in the In~ust~ry. No person under 18 years
of age shall be employed at operations or occupations which are
hazardous in nature~ or dangerous to health. T'lhe Code Aulthlority
shall submit to the Administrator within sixty (60) days after t~he
approval of this Code a list of such operations or occupations. In1
anly State an employer shall be deemed to have complied w~ith this
provision as to age if he shall have on file a certificate or permit duly
issued by the Authority in such State, empllowrered to issue emlploy-
menit or age certificates or permits showing that the employee is of

thSECTION 2. Employees~ Right to Organ'ira.--(a) Employees shall
have the right to organize and bargain collectively, through :repre-
sentatives of their own choosing, and shall be free from thre inter-
ference, Iretr~laint, or coercion of employers of labor or their agents,
in the designat~io~n of such, representatives or in self-organization or
in other concerted activities for the purpose of collective bsargaininga
or other mlllutal aid or protection.
(b) No employee and no one seeking employment shall be required
as a condition of employment to join any company union or to refrain
-from joinmng, orgamizmg, or assisting a labor organization of his ownl
choosing, and
(c) Employers shall comply with the manximnum hours of labor,
minimnumn rante of pay, and other cond!~itionls of emnploymnent approved
or prescr~ibed by the President.
SECTION 3. State Latos Prevuail Where More Stringent thlanl God~e.--
No prlovisionls in this Code shall sulpersed~e any State or Feder~al law
which imposles more stringent requirements on employers as to age of
employees, wages, hours of work or as to safety, health, sanitary
or general wo~rking conditions, or insuraunce, or fire protection t.han
are imposed by this Code.
SECTION 4. Posting C~ode.---ll employ~ers shall post, and there-
after mIaintanin complete copies of the labor provisions of this Code
in conspicuous places accessible to employvees.
StEnowIO 5. Recl~assify~ing Empllllo~ees.--No employer shall reclassify
employees or duties of occupantiolns performned, or engage in any
mother subterfuge for the purp~lose of defeatingr the purposes or pro-
visions of the Act or of this Code.
SEC'TION 6. Sal~fety and Healti.--Every employer shall make reason-
able provision. for the safety and henlthl of his employees at t~he place
and d-uring the hours of their employment. Within sixty (60) days
after the approval of any divisional unit of this Code the Admilnis-






135

trative Agency established thereby shall submit reasonable standards
for safety and health to the Adnunistrator for his approval. There-
after each employer shall comply with such standards.

ARTICLE VI--ORGANIZATION, POWERS, AND ULTIES OF THIE CODE

SECTIONv 1. rode Aurthority.--A Code Auithority, is hiereby con-
stituted to cooperate with thle Administrator in the administration
of this Code.
SECTION 2. IHOe ornnposed.--The Code Authority shall consist of
the chairmen of the Divisional Administrative Agencies, hereinafter
referred to as the Agency or Agencies; and in addition thiereto the
Administrator, in hiis discretion, miay appoint from one to three
nonvotingr members to represent the Adlministratorr or such groups
as he may designate. Thle representatives w-ho mnay be appointed
by the Administrator shlnl serve without expense to the Industry,
and together with the Administrator shall be given notice of and may
attend all mieetingas of the Code ALuthority.
SECTION 3. Yro0/&jions for A~f~.'~terndes -O ne alternate may be se-
lected by each Divisional Ag~ency to represent the Chairman of that
Division on th~e Code Authority in hiis absence. Shloulld any matter
come before the Code Authority which specifically involves acts,
conduct, or the interests of a company w~ith whlich any member of
the Code Authority is associated or employecd, such member shall
be disquanlified to act in sucrh manner andl an alternate designated by
the Divisional Agency m~ay act in such dlisqualified member's place.
SECTION 4. Trarde Association Regulations.--Each tra~de or induls-
trial association~ directly or indirectly participating in the selectacn
or activities of the Code Auth~ority, or any Divisional or Subdlivi-
sional Agency, shall: (1) Impiose nio inequitable restrictions on
membership, and (2) Submnit to the Administrator true copies of the
Articles of Association and By9-lan:s, reguilations, and any amendl-
ments when made~ thiereto, together with such other information as
to membership, organization anid activities as the Admninistrator may
deem necessary to effect the purposes of the Act.
SECTION 5. Code Author~ity and Agenlcie~s Muszt be Reprecsenta-
tive.-ITn order that th~e C'ode Authority or any Divisional or Subdi-
visional Agency shall at all times be truly representative of the
Industry, or any Division or Subdivision thereof, and in other
respects comply with the provisions of thle Act the Administrator
may provide such hearings as he mnay decem proper; and thereafter,
iheshall find that the Code Authority or any Divisional or Sub-
divisional Agency is not trumly representative or dloes not in other
respects comply with the provisions of the Act, miay require an
appropriate modification in the method of the election of the Code
Authority or any Divisional o~r Subdivisional Agency.
SECTION 6. Expen)lses of C'ode Aiuthior.ity c ad Ag~~crencie~s.-M~embe rs
of the industries shall be entitled to participate in and share the
benefits of the activities of th~e Code Authority and of their respec-
tive Divisional or Subdivisional Agency and to participate in the
selection of the mlembers thereof as prescribed by assenting to and






136


complying with thie requirements of this Code and sustaining their
reasonable share of the expenses of its administration. The reason-
able share of the expenses shall be determined by the Code Aut~hor~ityv
subject to review by the Admlninistrantor, on the basjis; of volume of
bJusiness and/or such other factors as may be deemed equitable.
SECTION ?. 2EaPliTcr8' Of the C048 dzlrthority or Agecliesi~ not Part-
nzers ---Noth~ing~ contained in this Codle shall constitute the memi-be~rs
of the Code Authority, or of anly Divisional or S-ubdlivisio-nal Agency
par~tner~s for any purposee; nor shall anly m~ember of the Code Au-
thority or any Divisional or Subdivisional Agency be liable in any
manner to anyone for an act of any other member, o~ffic~er, agent,
or employee of the Code Authority, or anly Divisional or Subdi-
visional AgencyT; nor shall a mnemlber of the Code A~uthiority or Di-
visionall or Subdcivisional Agenlcy who is exerc~ising reasonable dili-
gence in the pursuance of his duties hereulnder, be liable to anyone
for any action or omission to act under thle Code, except for his
wilful mnisfeusasnce or non~lfeasjance.
SECTION 8. Poto678 and D~utSies of the Code Authfor't~y.-T~he Code
Authority shall have the following powers~ and duties to the exctent
-permlittedl by the Act, subject to the right of the Administrator, on
review, to disapprove any action taken by the Codle Authority.
(a) To adopt by-lawcls and rulels and regulations for its proccedure
and for the admlinistrantio n of thie Co.de, in alccor,1dance with the
powe\rcls herein granted, and the same to be subject to the disapproval
of the Admninistr~ator on review, and to submit copies of any amend-
ments or additions when made thlereto, minutes of all meetings, and
.such other information as to its activities as the Admlinistrantor may
deem n~c~e~isnary to effect the purposes of the Act.
(b) To cordirna~te thei ad~ministrationn of t~his Codel t~hroullghout
the several Divisions and Subdivisions of the Industrly, and with
such other related Codes, if any, as may affect this industry or any
Divisions or Subdivisions thereof.
(c) To present to the Admninistr~ator, either on its own initiative
or at the request of Divisional or Subdivrisional Agencies, or of an
interestedl party, r~ecommecndations bas~ed on conditions in the Indus-
try as they may dev\elop, from. time to time~, for modification of or
additions to the provisions of the Code. W~hen any Divisional or
Subdivisional Agency or an, interest.edl party pr~esents proposals for
amlendmlnentsi to the Code, the Code Auth~ority hall present such p~ro-
posals to the Admlinistr~ator, together with its r~ecommlendations for
apprloval or disappr~oval. Upon appoa yteAmnsrtr
after such notice and hearings as Phe'roa my prscie, such irecom-
mendations shall become integral parts of this Code.
(d) UCnless and until the Administrator shall act pursuant t~o the
provisions of Section 5 of this Article, the: Code .Authority shall
maintain thne retpresentative character of anyT Divisional or Sub-
divisional Agaency.
(e) The Code Authlor~ity mnay appoint, such committees or agents
as it may deem nec-essaryT andl mlay delegate to then or to any Divi-
sional or Suibdivisional Agency such off its powoers or duties as it
mcay deemn proper for the administration of this Code; provided,
h~ow~ever, that it shall reserve final responsibility as to any powers or
duties so de~legated.






137


(f) The Code Author~ity mayu3 obtain from members of the Indlustry
such sw-orn or unswforn reports as the Code Aluthority may req~cuire
for the administration of this C'ode. Alll individual reports sub-
mnitted~ to the Code Authority~ shall be krept conifidepntial and only
general summnaries thereof miay be publishedl, prov\idedl bowever that
any individual reports miay be p~ublishedc w\ith thle wriitten consent
of anyone submiitting such reports, andl provided further that anly
such reports shall be miade avasilable to thle Adinistrator~I upl1on
r~equest. Th'le Codte Au~thor~ity Shall make suchi r~epor~ts to thle
Administrator as he mnay dir~ect.
(g) In addition to information requiired to be hubmnittead to thle
Code Authority, mlemlbers of the Inidustr~y shall furniishi suchI btatis-
tical information as t~he Administr altor mnay deemi ne~ssary for the
purposes recited in Section 3 (a) of the Act to suchl FZedferal and
State Agencies as thle Adlministrantor mnay de~signate; nio pr~ovisionl of
this Code shall relieve anly memberi~e of the Ind~ustry of any exiritingi
obligation to furnish reports to G~overinmentt agencies.
SECTION 9. If the Admninistratorr shall determiine thaut any action
of the Code Auithorityr or anly Agjency thereof mayl be unfair or
unjust or contrary to thle public interest, thle Admiiinistrator miay
require that such action be suspendecd to allard an clloppotuinity for
investigation of the merits of such action andt further~ considerationlo
by such Code A~uthority or A~gency pendling~ tinal action whlichl sh~all
not. be effective unless thle Administrator approves or unlless~ he shall
fail to dlisapp~rov-e after thirty days: notice to hiim of initention to
proceed wcith such action in its originnal oir odified formi.
SECTION 10. Inor'poraQtion1 of the' C'ode Authority.--The Codle
Authority mlay incorporate as a nonprofit corporation.
AnrICLE V11--DIV.ISIONS AND SUnvIv.IsIOxs

SECTION 1. P'roi.Yion~ of Div'isional Unlits--Part' of this Code~.---
In addition to Pa~rt Ai of this Code, provisions affec~ting or pertann
to the respective D~ivisiois; or Sub~divisions of thle Indul~strles s nowv or
hereafte~r included in Pa;rt B3 hereof, ar~e her~eb1 sec~ific~ally ma~de
a part of this Code.
SECTIONK 2. Aidditional1 Div'isionsd oIr Subdliv'irsiOns.- (a) Add~itional
Divisions or Subdivisions mnay be added to P~art BZ of this 'odle
upon recommendation of the Code Authority andl the alpproval
of the Administrator or whlen in thle judgmlenlt of thle Adim inistrator.
after conference with the Code Author~ity, the appllicant D~ivision
or Subdivisioni propecrly qualifies for inclusio-n as a D~ivisioni or Sub-
dlivision under thiis C'ode. Upon ap~provanl by thle Admiinistrator,
pmroviions relatingr to additional Divisions or Subd~ivisions of this
Code shall become integral parts of this Code.
SECTION 3. Divisional and Su~bdiv~i.ional Ag~,1enieS.- (a)) Admlinis-
trative Agencies, to be s~elected by the members of thle respective
Divisions and Subdivisions in the manner prescribed in each unit
of Part hereof shall be established, to cooperate, under the super-
vision of the Code Authority in the Administration of this Code.
(b) Each Division or Subdivision may designate one alternate for
each member of the Divisional or Subdivisional Agency, to be
selected in the same manner as members of such Agencies are
selected.






138


(c) The Divisional or Sutbdivisiolnal Agencies shall cooperate with
the Ciode Authority in makcingr inv.eit~igations as to the functioning
and observance of anly provisions of this Code, at their own instance,
at the requestt of thne Adc~minis~l:trato or o-f the Code Authority or on
complaint of any person affected, and r'epor~t in duplicate their
findings and recommendations to the Code Authority. One copy
thereof shanll be transmitted~ promptly to the Admninistrator and
shall be subject to his disapproval on review.
(d) Divisio-nal or Subdiv-isionaa l Agencies mnay make sic-h rules
and regulations as myay be necessary to administer this Code in their
r~esipec~tive Divisio~ns and Subdivisions. Any rules and regulations
made~r pursuanlt to the provisions of this section shall be immediately
submitted in duplicate to the Code Authority. One copy thlereof
shall be transmitted promptly to the Administrator and shall be
subject to his disapproval on review.
(e) A Di~visional or Subdivisional Agency mnay, upon its own init.i-
ative, or upon the request of any interested party, obtain from anly
membelr~l of its Division or Subdivision such reports or other data as
may from time to time be deemed necessary for thne pr~oper ad~minis-
tration of this Code in its Divisrion or Subdivision.

ARTICLE: VIII-CCOU(lNTING AND CO1STING

SECTIrON 1. Uniform Cr08# Fi~nding a~ndsor Estimating.--The Codes
Authority shall cause to be formulated by achl Divisional Agrency
an accounting system and mlethodls of cost finding and/or estimating
e~npble"1, of use by all members of the industry. A~ftetr such system
and methods have been formulated, full details con~cerningr them
shall be madelr available to all members. Thereafter all mekmbers
shall dlet ermlli ne and/or es~timalte costs in accordance with thle
principles of such methods.
SEC1ION 2. XelBz below 88 n llowable Clost.--The Code Authl~ority
shall cause to be formulated by each Divisional Agency a cost inclu-
sion formula which shall specify the items of cost which shall be
included in allowable costs for the production of those products
which are subject to the Code of such Division. Such cost Inclusion
form~lula. shall be submitted to the Administrator for his approval.
After the apprloval of this formula by the Administrator no member
of the Industry shall sell or exchange anly product of the industry
ma:nu featured by him at a price or upon terms and conditions which
will result in the purchaser paying for the Egoods received less than
the allowable. cost thereof to the seller dletermilned in accordance with
such approved cost formula; provided, however, that dropped lines,
or sccondls, or inventclries which must be converted into cash to meet
emergencylcS needs may be disposed of by any member of the I~ndustry
at apny price and on any terms and conditions, but only if such mem-
be fthe I~ndustrly, not less than two weeks before such disposal,
has filed wCith the Divisional Agencyr a statement inl writing setting
fourth the facts of, and reasons for, such proposeed disposal; and
provided further, that a members of the `Industryr selling, or wishing
to sell, below hiis own allowanble cost to meet theltr competition of a com-
petitor whose allowmiable costs are lower, or to meet competition from
products of equivalent design, character, quality, or specifications,






139


manufactuiredl outside the U~nited States, mlay do, so providedi thant he
has first reported to thle D~ivisional AgencyI'\ andl~ in suc(h replor't has
cited the comlPetition wh.lichi caul~sed hliml to) tke such actions.
Alth'I. LE IX--OP'EN PHKICEI S

SCECTIONs 1. Met~od~.-Enc~h member of anyl D~ivisio~n or Subdrivision.
of thle Indurstryg shall file with his applropriaute Divisionaul or Suibdi-
risional agency, w-ithin 60 days after the ap~proval o~f thiis Code, a
price list. individually prepare"' d by himi. of all products of thle In-
dustry sold or offered for sale by h~im, and all sterns and conditions
of sale r~elating~ thereto. Such price list andl terml~s and conditions of
sale so filed withi any Divisional or Subdivisionall Agency shall be
open to inspection alt all reasonable tines byr any interested p~arty.
Revised price lists or revisedl termsl~ andl conditions of rale mayv be
filed froml timne to time~ thereafter with the appirop~riate D~ivisional
or Subdivisional agency byl any miemiber of the D~ivision or Subdi-
vision,? providdcc, how~ever, thiat sucrh revisions shall be filed with thie
Agenicy by re~gisttlered miail or by telegraphl and confirmed by the
member the samle dla by regristere~d mail and shall become e~ffective
immediately uplon telegra~phic acknow~ledgmllent to be madle by the
Divisionn]l or Sulb~ivisionall Agency the same day sulch revision is
received. Enich Divisional and~ Subdlivisional Agencyv shallI furnish
copies of aIny price liscts, term~s. or conditions of sale filed w~ith it
pur~suanit to this section to any' member of that Division or Subdi-
vision uponr payment of such fees as thle Agency mayS designate. such
fees no~t to exc'eed the actual cost. of such service rendered.
SECTIONr 'L. Sr??hyill &/j O//dFI (Ora Listed( Pri'ces.--No mlember of any
Division or Subdivision shall sell or offer fo~r sale any prodic~t of the
Industry at pr~ic~es other thian the prices noted in his price list or onr
terms and conditions of sale other thann the terms and conditions of
sale previously filedl by such member w-ithl his appropriate D~ivisiornal
or Suibdivisionlal Agency~ inl accordlance with thie provisions of Secction
I of this Article, andl in effect at. the timne of such sale.
ARTIcLrE X--THI.4IIE PRACTICES

RZ.LE 1. Inarc~curate~ Adves~ rt~irin.-Nh o mlemlber of th~e Indu~str~y
sha1 ,hill pub lhavert~isin g (whlethe p~r~inted. radtio,, dlispilay!, orI of any1
other nature) which is; misleadingr or inaccurate in any material
particular, or in any wnuy mlisr~ep~reents ainy coinunodity (inc~ludiingi
its use, trade mark, grade, quality, quantity, origin, size, materials
content, or preparation) or credit terms, values, policies, services, or
the nature or form of thle business condlucted.,
RULE 2. '' Bait Advlertisin~g.-No memrber of the Indul~stry? shall
knolwingrly useF alvert~isingr or selling methlods or credit terms which
tend to deceive or misleadl the customer or p~rospective customer.
Ruz. 8. Fad 8e Biinrg.--No memtber of the Indlustr~y shall know-
ingly withhold fromt or insert in any quotaztion or invoice any
statement that makes it inaccurate in ally material particular.
RULE 4. Inraccuorate Labelling o~r Represen~tation.--No member of
the Industry shall brand, mark, or pack any commodity in any man-
ner which tends to deceive or mislead purchasers or other wise






140


misrepresent anyT product of the Industry with respect to the brand,
grade, quality, quantity~, origin, size, ma:t~erial content, or preparation
of such commodity.
RUL; 5. Inzaccura~te R~eferencec~ to Compeitrfors.-No member of the
Industry shall publish adlvertisingr which intentionally refers inac-
curately in any: material particular to any competitors or their
commodities, prices, values, crledlit terms, policies, or services.
RUDLE 6. Threatslf of LaursZuitS.- N~o member of the IndustryT shall
pu"blish or circularize unjustified or unwarranted threats of legal
proceedings which tend to or have the effect of harassing compe~t~itor~s
or intimidlating their customers, and failure to prosecute diligently
shall be evidence of such. harassment or intimidation.
RULE 7. Secret Rebates.--No member of the Industry shall secrettly
offer or mrakre any payment or allowance of a rebate, refund, com-
mission, credit, unearned discount, or ecessc allowance, whether in
the form of money or otherwise, for the purpose of influencing a,
sale, nor shall a member~~l secretly extend to any customer any special
service or privilege not extended to all customers of the samne class.
RU7LE 8. COM me1( Ircial!7 Bribery.-No member of the Industry shall
give, permlit to be given, or directly offer to give, anything of value
ortheP purpose of influepncingr or rewa.rdingc the action of anyr em-
ployee, agent, or representative of another in relation to the business
of the employer of such employee, the principal of such agent or the
reprl)'esentedl party, without the knowledge of such em-ployer, principal
or party. This provision shall1 not be construed to prohibit free
and general distribution of articles commonlly used for advertising
except so far as such articles are actually used for commercial briber~y
as hereinabo~ve defined.
RULE 9. I ~rrferi-e77C8 wQURA B7LOtheT'8 Coastracts.-NPo member of
the Industry shall attempt to induce the breach of an existing con-
tract between a comnpetitor and his customer or source of supply, nor
shall any such member interfere with or obs~truct the performannce of
such contractual duties or services.
RUL;E 10. Sales as Prices Prev~ocioudU L~isted.--No member of the
Industry shall issue an invoice based upon a published hprie lit i

unless such inv\oicet definitely specifies date of or~der, quantity sold,
and balance due on such order.

ARTICLE X(I-A PPEALSI

SECTION 1. Right Of Appedio~ to Dil'lsoNsl antd SCubdivisiones.--A ny
interested party shall have the right of comlalint~ to any Div~isional
or Subdivisional Agency and prompt hearing and decision ~thereoln
with r~espect to any ma~tter arising under this Code and u~nder1 such
rules and regulations as the Agency may prescribe.
SECTION 2. MKethod of Alppe a to Gode Auth~or~ity.-- Any interested
party shall have thne right to appeal to the Code Authority from
any such decision or action of` the Agency under such~ procedure as the
Code Authorityr shall prescribe.
SCECTION 3. Right OP Complaintt to C~ode Aucthoritly.--Any inter-
esited- party shall have the right of complaint to the Code Authority
and promlpt hearing and decision thbereon under such procedure as it






141


shall prescribe in respect to any rule, regurlaltion, order, or frinding
made or course of action pursued by the Code Authority.
SECTION 4. Hight of Appeal to Adm~rin;istrat(lor.-_Any inlterCSted
party shiall iave the right of appeal to thle Administrato r undrlc
such procedure as he shall prescribe in respect, to any dlecisioni, rule,
regulation. Order, or finding made or course of action pursued by uny
agency puirsiuant to, this Code.
AnnCL, E -MII nONOCPOLIES

Nuo provisions of this Codle shaoll be interprt~eted or applied In such
mannner as to promote or permit monopolies or monopolistic practices
or to elimiinate. oppr~ess, or discriminate against ilmall enterprises.
A IrrIerC.E XIII-nIfOldPFICA'I ONS

SECTIONS i. Prcsident M~ay Modify His Ayprovacl of Thi~s Code.-
This Code and all thie provisions thereof areu expressly mlade subject
to the right of the President, in accordance with the provisions of
subsection (b) of Section 10 of the Nastional Industrial Recovery
Act, fromt time to time to cancel or modify any order, approval
license, rule, or regulation issuedl under Title I of said Act and
spec ifcally, but. without limitation to the right of the President to
cancel or miodify his approval of this Crode or any conditions imposed
by him upon his approval thereof.
SECTION 2. Am~endmenlt of C'ode.--This Code, except as to provI-
sions required by. the Act, may be modified on the basis of experience
or changes in circumstances, such modification to be based upon
application to the Administrat~or and such notice and hearing as he
shall specify and to become effective upon approval of thle President.
ARTICLE XIV--EFFEC'TIV'E DATE

This Code shall become effective on the second M~onday after it
shall have been approved by the President.
Approved Code No,. 383.
Registry No. 334-02.













PARTI B--DIVISIONAL CODEiS
Unit No. Namze of Division
1. Variety Wood Turning and Small Turned W~ood Handles.
2. Spool.
3. Clothespint.
4. Candy Stick.
5. F'lat and Shaped Veneer Products.
6. Toothpick.
7. Skewer.
8. Brush Handle and Brush Block.
THE VARIETY WOOD TUTRNIN: ~AND SMALL TURNED WOOD HANDLES
DIVISION, UNIT NO. 1

ARTIO;E A---EFINEFIONS

SECTION 1. The ~Variety Wood T~urning and Small Turned W7ood
Handles Division consists of all manufacturers and/or finishers of
turned wood products described in Section 2 hereof ; excepting how-
ever, manufacturers of assembled articles such as furniture, toy~s
and various appliances, who produce wood parts exclusively for
their own use in the assembly~ or processing of their product.
SECTION 2. T'he term "' Variety Wood Turning and Small Turned
.Wood Handles as used in this Divisional Unit shall mean all wood
handles both finished and unfinished, not over twenty-four (24)
inches in length, manufactured on turning lathes of all ty pes in
which the cutting tools are mechanically operated; and all other
wood products not over forty-eight (48) inches in length manu-
factured as specified above, exzcepting, ]however, all hickory handles
and ash handles, and those products which are defined anld the
manufacture thereof governed by the provisions of any. other Code
of Fair Comnpetition or of anly other division or subdivision of this
Code.
ARTICLE B DIVISIONAL ADMIINISTRATIVE AGENCY

SIECTION 1. Within twenlty 0 days after the effective date of
this Code the Se~cretary of the Wood Turners Service Bureau shall
call a meeting of all Members of this D~ivisionl for the purpose of
electing the Administrative Agency of said Division. Due! notice of
this meeting shall be sent to every Member of the Division in writing
or by such other me~thodi as will insure all interested parties being
informed of such meeting and its purpose.
SEC~TION 2. The Administrative Agency of this Division shall
consist. of a Board of not more than seven (7) Members, who shall
serve for one y~ear or until their successors are elected, and shall
be elected by the following method:
(a) At least one Member of the Administrative Agency shasll'be
a Member of the Industry w\ho is not a Mlember of thie Wood Turners
(142)






143


Service Bureau, if there be any such, and shall be elecctd by) a ma1;jOr.
ity vote of all non-members oIf the said B~ureau p~resenlt in p~erson,i or
voting by letter or by pr~oxiy each non-member to have one vote.
(b) Five (5) members shall be elected by a majority vote of all
Members of the Industry, who are Memberss of saidi Bureau, present
in person, by letter, or by proxy, each member to ha ve one vote.
Of these five, three shall represent the Easter~n Metmbers ( Eastern
members includes those located in thle New England states, New
Yor~k, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania); two shall represent members
located East and South of the states of Pennsylvania and Newr York.
(c) One member shall be elected by the members of the Chicago
Wood workers Association.
(d) Any vacancy in thle membership of the A~dministrative Agency
may be filled from the appropriate groups by a majority vote of the
remaining members of the Administrative Agenc~y, provided, howr-
ever, that there shall always be a member of the Administrative
Agency who is not a member of the saidi Bureau or Association if
there be any such.
(e) In addition to the members elected~ by the industry, the Ad-
munistrator, in his discretion, may: appoint one to three non-votmng
members to represent the. Administrator.

ARTICLE C--TEEMIS OF PAYMENT

The terms of payment for this Division shall not. be more favor-
able than a cash discount of three (3) per cent for payment in ad-
vance of shipment; twfo (2) per cent for payment within ten (10)
days ofter shipment; one (1) per cent, for payment on or before the
tenth of any month for shipments of the previous month; net thirty
days e.o.m.; all cash discounts shall be figured on the net amount
after deducting sales and .or excise taxes and all claims and allowf-
ances for defective or rejected goods.

ARTICLE D--TRADE PRACTICES

The following shall be Trade Practice Rules for this Division in
addition to those set forth in Article X of Part A of this C'ode:
RarLE i. NO member of this Division shall make any contract of
sale which does not definitely speedfy quantity, price, and final dante
of shipment.
RULE 2. No member of this Division shall issue any invoice to a
purchaser which does not show the terms of payment and actual
date of shi ment.
RULE 3. NO member of this Division shall make separate charges
for containers, such as batgs, barrels, boxes, or cartons.

ARTICE E---EXCEPTIONS OR ADDITIONS TO PART A

(1) Article IX shall not be operative in this Division.






144


TH~rE SPOOL DIVISION, UN1IT NO. 2
AnaILEr A~-D-EFINITIONS

SECTION 1. The Spool Di~vision shall consist of all members of the
Industry engaged in the manufacturing and/or finishing of all wood
turned products described in Section 2 hereof.
SECTION 2. The term Spool as used in this Div~isionral U~nit
shall mean spools, both finished and unfinished, for whatever pur-
pose used, made fromt wood of any kind wha~,tsoev-er, which are
turned on centers, and which do not exrceed three (3) inhelrs ini
diameter and/or four (4) inches in ov~er-all length, except spools
used in textile mills for mlill processes which do not contain the
product wound thereon when sold or offered for sale.
ARTICLE[1 B DIVISIONS ADMINcISTRATIVE ALGENCYII

SECTION 1. W;ithzin twenty (20) days after the effective date of
this C'ode the Secretaryr of the W~ood Turners Service Bureau shall
call a meeting of all Members of the Spool D~ivision for the purpose
of electingr the Administrative A~gency of said Div~ision. Due notice
of this meeting shall be sent to every member of the Div~ision in
writing or by such other methods as will insure all interested parties
beingbr informed of such meeting and its purpose.
SEC.TIONr 2. TIlhe Administrative Agency of this Division. shall con-
sist of a Board of not more than five (5) Members, who shall serve
for one year or until their successors are elected and shall be elected
by the following method:
(a) At least one Member of the Administrative Agency shall be
a Member of the Industry who is not a Mrember of the W~ood
Turners Ser~vice Bureau, if there be any such, and shall be elected
by a majority vote of all members of this Division who are non-
members of the Bureau present in person, or voting by letter or by
proxy, each nonr-member to have one vote.
(b) The remaining M~embers shall be elected by a majority vote
of all members of this D~ivision wh~o are M4embers of said Wood
Turners Ser~vice Bureau present in person, or v~oting by letter or
by proxy, each M/ember having one vote~.
(c) A vuenney in the membership of the Administrative Agncy
may be filled by a major~ity- vote of the remainingi Members of the
Administrative Agency, provided however, that there shall always
be a Member of the Admllinistrative Agency who is not a M~ember
of the said Bureau, if there be any such.
(d) I~n addition to the Memnbers elected by the I~ndustrly, the! Ad-
ministrator, in his dliscr~etion, may appoint one to three! non-voting
members to represent the Administrator.
AL-RTICLE -TERMCS OF PAYMRENT

SECTIO)N 1. The terms of payment for th~is Div~ision shall not be
more favorable than a cash discount of 3%0 for paym~enlt in advance
of shipment; 2%0 for payment within ten days after s~hip~ment; 1
for payment on or before the 10th of anly monthly for shlipments of






145


the previous month; net 30 days e.o.m.; all cash discounts shall be
figured on the net amount after deducting sales and/or excise taxes
and all claims and allowances for defective or rejected goods.

AnnICEw D-T~RADE PRACTICES

The following shall be Trade Practice Rules for this Division in
addition to those set forth in Article X ~of Part A of this Codle:
RULE 1. No member of this Division shall make any contracts
of sale which do not definitely specify quantity, price, and final date
of shipment.
RULE 2. No member of this Division shall issue any invoice to
any purchaser which dloes not show the terms of payment and actual
date of shipment.
RULE 3. No member of this Division shall make separate charges
for containers such as bags, barrels, boxes, or cartons.

ARTICLE E-ExCEPTIONS OR ADDITIONS TO PART A

Article IXY shall not be operative in this Division.
CLOTHIESPIN DIVISION, UNIT NO. 3

ARTICLE A DEFINPPIONS

SECTION 1. The Clothespin Division shall consist of all members
of the Industry engaged in the manufacture of the products defined
in Section 2 of this Art~icle.
SurrION 2. The term Clothespins as used in this Division shall
mean standard clothespins which are made entirely of wood or wood
with a wire bsnlandsringr clothespins which are made of wood with a
wire spring, and all ot.h~er clothespins manufactured, whether desiga-
nated by these terms or other terms.
SECTION 3. The term broker for the purpose of this Division
shall mean one who sells for a manufacturer, in the manufacturer's
name, for the manufacturer's account, at prices and on terms and
conditions named by~ the manufacturer, who carries no stock and
whose compensation is in the form of a brokerage for his services.
SECTlow 4. The term jobber for the purpose of this Division
shall mean a wholesaler who buyvs from a manufacturer or his broker
at the prices anid on the terms and conditions named by the manu-
facturer and who rese~lls primarily to the retail trade.
ARTI1(LE B-DIV.IISONAL AMINJI ISTR~IATIV' E AGENCY

Sacrzrox 1. Within twenty (20) days after the effective date, of
this Code the Secretary of the Clothespin Institute shall call a meet-
ing of all Members of the Clothesp~in D~ivision. Due notice of this
m~eetin shall be sent to every Member of the Division in writing or
by uchother methods as will insure all interested parties being
informed of such meeting and its purpose.
Bacrzox 2. The Adlministrative Ag~ency of this Division shall con-
sist of a Board of not more than five (5) Mecmbers. who shall serve






146


for one year or until their succ~essors are elected and shall be elected
by the following method:
(a) At least one Member of the AdmllinliSt ativ.e Ag~cency shall be
a Memblller of the Industry who is not a Mepmber of the Ciulothspm
Institute, if there be any hluchl, annd shall be electedl by a majority
vote of all non-members of the Cloth~espin Injt~itute present in person,
or voting by letter or by proxy, each nIon-mnemberer to hlave one vote.
(b) The remaining members shall be elected by a majority vote
of all members of said Clothespin Institute present in person, or
voting by letter, or by proxy, each member to have one v-ote.
(c) A vacancy in Ithe membership of the Administrative Ag~ency
may be filled by a majority vote of the remaining Memclbers of thie
Administrative Agency, provided, however, that there shall always
be a mlembler of the Administrative Algency who is not a member of
the said Institute, if there be any such.
(d) In addition to the members elected by the Industry, the
Administrator, in his discretion, may appoint one to three non-voting
members to represent the Administrator.
ARTICLE C-TERMSI OF PAYMENT
The terms of payment for this Division shall not exceed two (2)
percent thirty (30) days from late of shipment, or two (2) percent
for payment by a specified date not later than the fifteenth of thle
month following shipment, nlet thirty-one (31) days E.O.M.
ARTICLE D 1CRADE PRABCTICES
The following shall be Trade Practice Rules for this Division in
addition to those set forth. in. Article X of Part AL of this Gode:
RULE 1. NO H16Iber of this Division shall guarantee prices and
floor stocki~s against decline in prices.
RULE 2. NO member of this Division shall permit the storing of
goods with customers.
RULE 3. No member of this Division shall make any contracts of
sale which do not definitely specify price, terms, quantity, and final
date of shipment.
RULE 4. No member of the Industry shall ship goods on consign-
ment except under circumstances to be defined by the Administ~ratlve
Agency~, where peculiar circumstances of the Industry require the
practice.
RLEI 5. No member of this Division shall permit brokers or
salesmen on commission to split or divide commissions with cus-
tomers.
RULE f>. No member of this Division shall discrimninatte as to price,
terms anzd/or conditions of sale for a like quantity or quality between
customers of the same class, and in the same competitive territory.
RUra 7. No member of the Industry shall give any brokerage or
other commlission to one to whomn he sells as a jobber.
RULE 8. Each member of this Divrision shall file with the office of
the Clothnespin. Institute, a complete list of his authorized agents.
The nmne of each ne-w agent shall be filed with t~he. Association at
least one week before any' member of this Division shall permit him
to function as such.






147


RULE 9. Each member of thec Industry shall require his ageniits
strictly to conformi to his p~ublishedtl pr~ices. termls.. andl anniouniced
selling policies, and no member orf thle indulrstry shall permiit any oif
his agents to dev~iate in any? resp~ct w-hatso\ever fi~rom his pulblish~dd
prices, terms and aInnouncedl selling ponlicies~.
AwrrCLE 'IE'--EXCEPTI ONPIS ANcD AnnrrIouT( SS To PxnTr A

SECTION 1. The provisionls of A~rtic~le IX, Section 1, of Par~t A, of
this Code shall be mlodifiied as to m~ember~s of this Division as follows
Members of the Clothespin Division shal~l file withl th~e Administr~a--
tive Agency within twenty (20.) dlays after thle etfectiv-e date of thiis
Cotle price lists in accordance w~ithi the provisions of Article IX.
CAN'DY STICK DIVISION, UNIT NO. 4

ARTICLE A DEFINITIONS

SECTION i. The Candy~ Stick Division shall consist of all members
of the Induistry engaged in the maRnufacturee of Candyv Stic~ks as
defined in Section 2 of this Article.
SECTION 2. The termn Candy Sticke as used in thiis Division~l shall
mean pieces of wood of any size or shaope. except flat, to whiic~h
confections are to be attached.
SECTION 3. The term broker for the p~urp~ose of this Division
shall mean one who sells for a manuifacturer, in the manufacturer's
name, for the mnu~lfacturer's account, at prices and onl ttrmis and
conditions named by the manufacturer, who carr~ies no stock arnd
whose compensation is in the form of a brokrerage folr such serv\ies.

ARTICLE B--DIrisIonSA ADMIINIJTRA~TIVE A(;SCY

SECTION 1. Within twenty (20) days of the effective dlate of this
Code the Secretary of the National W'oodr Clandy Stick Institute
shall call a. meeting of all members of thiis D~ivisiorn for the purpose
of electing the Adlministrative Agency of saidl Divrision. D~ue notice
of this meeting shall be sent to every iember of the D~ivision in
writing or by such other methods as will insure all interecstedd parties
being informed of such meeting and its purpose.
SEcTION 2. The Admninistrative Agency of this Division shall co~n-
sist of a Board of not more than fo~ur (4) Membe~rs, wh~o shall
serve for one year or "until their customers are elected, andi shalll be
elected by the following method :
(a) At, least one Member of the Administrative Ag~ency shall be
a Member of the Indusrtry who is not a Miemnber of the National
Wood Caandy Stick Institute, if there be any such~. and shall be
elected by a majority vote of all non-mlemlbers of the Instituite pre~s-
ent in person, or voting byl letter, orl by! prxc~y, nchll nlon-mltllembe
to have one vote.
(b) The remaining members shall be electedl by a ma~jority vote
of Members of said Institulte present in person, or voting by letter
or by proxy, each member to have one vote. Two( of these members
shall be selected from the members located in the Nor~th as defined in
Part "A", Article II, Section 9, and one from thle members of the






14a8


Institute locatcal in the South as defined in Part "LA", Article II,
Sectionl 8.
(c) A vacancy in the membership of the Administrative Agency
may be filled~ from the applr~opriate group by a majority vote of
the 1cinlninir ng Memb~ers of the Administrative Agency, pr~ovided,
however, that there shall1 always be a Mlembler of the Administrative
Agency who is not a Membll:er of th1e National Wood Candy Stick
Insjtituite, if there be any such.
(d) In addition to the members elected by the Indlistry, the,
Adm11ini It rantor, in his discretion, may appoint one to three non-voti ng
members to r~eprlesentt the Admlninistrator.r

ARTICLE C TE~RMS OF PAYMENT

No mlembler of the Cand~y Stickr Di~vision shall allow a cash dis-
count in excess of the following: Two (2) percent sight draft, or
twoo (2) percent ten days after date of invroice, or twmo (2) percent
tenth~ of month following date of shlip~ment on accounts whose pur-
chases average more than one shipment per month; or net th~ir~ty
(30) days e.o.m.
AllRTICL;E D TRADE PRACTICES

The following shall be the Tradle Practice Rules for this Division
in addition to those set forth in Atrticle X of this Code:
RULE i. NO member of this D~ivisionl shall be permitted to store
goods with cusltomenrsc .
1ERULE 2. No ml~lembe of the Industry shall ship goods on consign-
mnent except. under ci r~cumllstan Ice to be defined byr the Admninlist rative
Agency, where peculiar chcircumtalnces: of the Industry require the
practice.
RUSLE 3. NO member of this Division shall pay or allow a com-
mission on a Federal or State Sales.c Tax.
RULE 4. N;o memrrber of this Divisionl shall guaranteed prices against
decline or advance.
RUrLE 5. No member of this Division shall permit brokers or sales-
men onl commlrnission to split or divide commissions with customers.
RULIE 6. All contracts of sale shall definitely specify qua~ntity,
price and final date of shipment.
]RULE 7. No ma~nufneturel' r in this Division shall sell or offer for
sale another commodlc'ity not produced by the members of this D~ivi-
sion with products of this Industry at a price which will result in
the purchaser paying less to the members of this Division than
the published price of the member's own product and the cost of the
other (.llcommodity to the member of the Indlustry., This provision
shall not apply to commodities or articles commonly used for
advertising in this Inldustry~.
ART~lIC LE E S'-ExceTnoNs IonL ]P.;\nT A or TI1us CoDE

SECTION~ 1. T~he! provisions of Ar~ticle IX~F, Sec~tion 1, in Part A of
this Code shall be mlod~ifiedc as to mem~nbers of this Division as follows:
Membericls of the Candyr Stick D~ivision sh;Iall file wnithl the Admninistra-
tive Ag~ency of this D~ivision w\ithin twenty (20) days after the effec-






149


tive date of this Ciode, price lists in ac~cordlance with the provisions
of the aforesaid Article IX, Section 1, Part A. of this Code.
SaCnowO 2. The agency designated 'in Article IX, Section 1, Part
A, to receive price lists from members of this Division shall immne-
diat~ely dis~r~ibute copies thereof to all members.
FL.AT AND SHAPED VENEER~I PRO(:DU'CTS DIVISIONS, UNIT NO. 5I

AnncLE A-Dr-L)FnIo~s

SEG ION 1. The Flat and Shaped Yetneer Products Division shall
consist of all members of the Industry engaged inl the mlanufactu re of
flat and shaped venieer prodlucts.
SECTIONU 2. The term Flat and Shaped Veneer Products "' as used
in this Division shall miean fant or shaped wooden ice-cream spoons
and sticks, flat or shaped wooden miustard~ paddlles, flat or shaped
wooden plant labels, flat wooden spatulas, tongue bladels, and small
wooden products manufactured by similar processes. Nothingi herein
shall include any container and/,or container material included in
the wooden package division of the Code of Fair Comnpetitionl for
the Lumber and Timber Products Industry.
SECZ`ION 3. The term '' broker '' for the purpose of this Division
shall mean one who sells for a manufacturer, in the manufacturer'"s
name for the manufacturer's account, at prices and on terms and con-
ditions named by the manufacturer, who carries no stock and whose
compensation is in the form of a brokerage for his services.
ARTICLE Ij-DIVISIONAL Au~IIKS'masrAnfI\E AomerC`

Snorlow 1. Within fifteen (15) dlays after th~e effective dlate of thiis
Code the Chairmian of thle Veneer Products Ins~titute shall call a mieet-
ing of all Memnbers of this Divisioln for the purpose of electingr the
Administrative Agency of said Divisio~n. Duue notice of this meeting
shall be sent to every Memnber of ther Division in writing or by such
other methods as will insulre all inlteresttedl parties being inlformled~
of such meeting and its puirp'ose.
SEC.TON 2. Th~e Admnlilltrativ\e Age~ncy of this Division shall con-
sist of a Board of not mioir thanll three (3) Memberl~~s, whlo isalll serve
for one year or until their successors ar~e elected, andi whio shalll be
elected by4 a majority vote ofT all the Memiibe~rs of the Division present
in person, or voting by letter or1 by proxyv, eachi mnembrci to hav\e one
vote.
(a). A v-acancy inl the~ mlembtelr hip o (f thle Admllinistrativet AgI~encry
miay be filled by a ma~jor~ityr vote of thle remiaining~ Membeltrs of the
Administrative Agency.
(b) I~n addition to thr mlem~berss elected by thle Industry the Ad-
mmnistrator, mn his dliscretion, miay appoint one to three nonvoting
members to represent thle Admninistrator.

AHTIC'LE (C--TER31 I)' OF AYMYN~T

No member of the Flat andl Shanpedl Yeneer Products Division shall
allowf or permit to be allowed, a cash dliscount inl excess of the follow-
ing: Two (2) percent enshi for p~ayme~nt within order, or t wer (2) per-






150


cent sight draft, or two (2) percent ten (10) days after date of
invoice, or two (2) percent for payment by the TIenth of month follow-
ing date of shipment on accounts whose purlcha~ss s average one (1) or
more shipments per month; all cash discounts shall be figured oln the
net amount of the invoice after deducting sales or excise taxes, and
all claims and allowrances for defective or rejected goods. r
ARTICLE D--TRADE PRACTICES3

The following shall be "Trade Practice Rules for this DIjvision
in. addition to those set forth in Article X of Part A of this Code:
RULE 1. No member of this Division shall permit the storing of
goods with customers.
RULE 2. NO member of the IndustryT shall ship goods on consign-
ment except under circumstances to be defined by the AdmninistrativcTe
Agencyr, where peculiar circumstances of the IndustryS require the
practice.
RULE 3. No member of this Division shall guarantee prices and
floor stocks against decline or advane.
RULE 4. NO mecll~ber of this Division shall permit brokers or sales-
men on commission t~o split or divide commissions with customers.
RULE 5. All quotations shall include a definite limited time for
acceptance but shall be subject to price lists thereafter published.
RULE 6. No member shall make any contract of sale which does not
definitely specify quantity, price, and final date of shipment, except
under circumstances to be defined by the Divisional Agency.
~ARTICLE ET--EXCEPTIONUS AND) AvorrTIOus To PART A

SECTION 1. T'he provisions of Article IX, Section 1, in Part A of
this Code shall be modified as to members of this Division as
follows: Members of the Flat and Shatped V~eneer Products D~ivision
shall ~file with thec ALdministrative Agency of this Divisioln within
twenty (20) days after the effective date of this Code, price lists
in accordance with the provisions of the said A1?rticle IXI~, Section 1,
Part A of this Code.
SECTION 2. The agency dlesignate~d in Article IX, Section 1, to
receive price lists from members of this division shall immediately
distribute copies thereof to all members.
THIE TOOTHPICKS; DIVISION, UNIT NO. 6
AnrICLE; A--DEFINITIONS

SECTION. 1. The Toothpick: Division. shall consist of all M~embers ofE
the Industry engaged in the manufacture of toot~hpicks as defined in
Section. 2 hereof.
SECTION 2. TPhe term "' toothpick as used in this D~ivisional Unit
shall mean all toothpicks, whether round or ~fla~t, wPhich are made
entirely of w~ood.
SECTION 3. The term "L broker for the purpose of this D~ivision
shall mean one who sells for a manufacturer ini the manufacturer's
name, for the~ manufacturer's account, at prices and on terms and






151


conditions named by the mnunlfacturer,, who carr~ies no stock anid
whose compensation is in thle formn of a brlokerag~e for~ h~is .service~s.
SECTION 4. The termi jobbet r for thle purposes of this D~iviion
shall mean a wholesaler who bur\s from a manullfacturer, o~r his
broker at the prices andl on thle sterns andc cond~itionss namnedl by .uch
manufacturer, and who recsells p~~inr~imail to the retail trade.

ARr'ICLE I3-DIVISIONAL ADM[INISTRATIV' E AGENCY

SECTION 1. The Adm~ninis;trative Agency of this Division shall be
the Executive Commnittee of thle Toothp~icke Instituite.

ARTICLE CI-TRADE PRZACTICES

The following acts or practices in addition to those enumlerated in
Part A, Article X, are hereby spc~ifically declaredl to constitute
unfair methods of competition anid are for-bidden und~er this Divi-
sional Unit :
RULE 1. Guaranteeing pr1ices and floor stocks against decline in
prices.
RULE 2. Storing~ of goods with customers.
RULE ;3. Permit~ting brokers, or salesmlen on commission to split
or divide commissions with customers.
RULE 4. Extending terms of payment beyond 60 days from date of
shi pment.
RULE 5. The making of contract. of sale which~ do not specify
definite prices, terms, miaximlum anld minimum quantities, and final
delivery date.
RorLE 6. No member of the Industry shall giv-e any brokerage or
other commission to one to whom he sells as a jobber.

ARTICLE D-EXCEPTION. S AND AnnIInorhSs To PAnT A

Export shipments shall be exempt from thle provisions of Article
IX of Part A, of this Code.
SKEWER DIVISIONS, I'NIT NO'. 7

ARTICLE A-DEFINcITIONS
SiEcTION i. The Skewer Division shlall consist of all miembecrs of
the Industry engaged in the manufacture of Skewcrs.
SECTION 2. The termi Skewer as used im this D~ivision shall
mean pieces of wood~, pointed at one or both ends, of any size or
shape, excepn t flat_ conmmonly usedC' in the pacing~n of ment.
OECTION 3. The term broker for the purpose o~f this D~ivision
shall mean one who sells for a manufacturer, in the manufacturer's
name for the manufacturer's account at prices andr on terms and con-
ditions named by the manufacturer, who carries nio stock and whose
compensation is in the form of a bro~kerage for such services.
ARTICLE E- I)TIgONAL ADMIINISTRATIVE~ AGENCY

SECTION 1. WC'ithin twenty (20) days of the effective date of this
Code the Secretary of the Nautional WVood Skewer Manlufarturers






152


Asi oc-iation shall call a meeting of all Mlembers of this Division for
the pm-prl o e of electing the Administrative3 Agency of said Division.
Due notice of this meetings shall be sent to every M~lember of the
Division in writing or by such other methods as will insure all
interested parties being informed of suceh m~eetingr and its purpose.
SECTION 2. The Admninistrative Agency of Dthis Division shall
consist of a B3oard of not more than four (4) Members, w~ho shall
serve for onle year or until their successors are elected, and shall be
elected by the following mecthod
(a) At least one Memberl~C1 of the Admninistrantive Age~ncy shall be a
Mfembler of the Industry wvho is not a Mem~ber of the Associationl, if
there by any such, and shall be elected by a majority vote of all non-
members of the Association presenf~lt in person, or votingr by letter or
by proxys3, each non-member to have one vote.
(b) The remaining; memlber~s shall be elected by a majority vote
of all the membel:,rs of said Associatio nl present in person, or voting
by letter or by proxy, each member to have one vote. T~wo of these
mnembers shall be selected from members of thre Association located
in the North as defined in Part "A", Article II, Section 9, and one
from the members of the Association locantedt in the Southl as defined
iln ]Part "A"), Article II, Section 8.
(c) A vncanllcy in the membershiplib of the Administenati\e AgP~rency-
mnay be filled from the appropriate group by a majority v-ote of the
remaining Membnlers of the Administrative Agency, provided, how-
ever, that there~ shall always be a M~ember of the Administrative
Agency who is not a Melmb~er of the said Associatio-n, if there be
any such.
(d) In addition to the members elected by the Industry, the Ad-
ministrator, in his dli-cretio~n, may appoint one to three non-voting
members to represent the Administrator.

ARTICLE C---TERMS Or PAYMENT

No member of the Sk~ewer Division shall allow a cash discount
in excess of the following: Two (2) percent. sight draft, or t~wo (2)
percent ten days after dacte of invoice, or two (2) pece~tnt tenth of
month followYingr date of shipment on accounts whose purchases
average more than one ,Chlipthl~ent per month; or net thirty (30) alnys
e.o.m.
Ann-c:rc D-TrCRADEI PRA~CTLICES

The followcingr shall be the T]rade 1Pracetice Rules for this Division
in addition to those set forth in Artic~le X of this Code.
RULE 1. NO membertll of this D~ivision jlhall store goods with cus-
tOme IS.
nrULE 2. IO member of the Industry shall ship goods~i on consign-
mnent except under cir~c~umstancies.i to be dlefined- by the Admninistrative
Agency, where peculiar cir~cumlstances of the Industry require the
p'n et ice.
RE~E 3. No mnember of this D~ivision shall pay or allow a conunis-
sion on a F'ederal or State Sales Tax.
RULE 4. NO member of this Division shall guarantee prices against
decline or advance.






153


RULE 5. No member of this Division shall prmit brok~ers or sales-
men on commission to split or divide commissions with customers.
RULE 6. All contracts of sale shall specify quantity, price, and
final date of shipment.
ALRTICL.E E--EXCEI~PTION PROn PART A or THIs CODE

SECTION 1. The provisions of Article IX. Section 1, of Part A of
this Code shall be modified as to medibers o~f this Division as fo~llows:
Members of the Skewer Division shall file with the Administrative
Agency of this Division within twenty (20) days after the effective
date of this Code, price lists in accordance w~ith the provisions of the
said Article IX, Section 1, Part A, of this Code.
SECTION 2. The Administrative Agency designated in Part A,
Article IX, Section 1, to receive price lists from members of this
Division shall inuniediately distribute copies thereof to all members
of the Division.

THE BRUSH HANDLE AND BRUSH BLOCK DIVISION, UNIT NO. 8

AnnOCLE A--DEFINITION

SECTION 1. The Brush Handle and Brush Block Division consists
of all manufacturers and/or finishers of wooxlen brush handles andl
all wooden parts thereof described in Section 2 hereoL
SECTION 2. The term "' Brushi Handle and Brush Block as used
in this Divisional Unit shall mean all wooden brush handles not
exceeding 30 inches in length, and all finished wooden brush blocks;
including brushes in which the brush part is made of bristles, hair,
fiber, wire, feather, wool, and/or grass, except those products which
are governed by provisions of any other Code of Fair Competition,
or of any other division or subdivision of this Code.
SnErroN 3. The term "Association as used herein shall mean the
American Brush Handle and Brush B~lock Mianufacturers Association.

ARTICLE B--DITISTONAL AD)MINISTRATIVE AGENCY

SECTION 1. Within twenty (20) days after the effective date of this
Code the Secretary of the American Brush Handle and Brush Block
Manufacturers Association shall call a meeting: of all Members of
this Division for the purpose of electing the Admninistrative Agency
of said Division. Due notice of this meeting shall be sent to every
Member of the Division in writing or by such other methods as will
insure all interested parties being informed of such meetings: and its
purpose.
SECHCCTON 2. The Administr~ative Agency of this Division shall con-
sist of a Board of not more than five (5) MIlembers, who shall serve-
for one year or until their successors ar~e elected, and shall be elected
by the following method:
(a) Two Members of the Admlinistr~ative Agency shall be mem.l
bers of the Industry who are not mlemlbers of the Association, if
there be any such, and shall be elected by al maIjor'ity vote of all
non-members of the Association present in person, or voting by
letter or by proxy, each non-memlber to hlave one vote.




UNIIVER-ITV OF FLORIDA


154 3 1262 08856 0395

(b) The remnainring members shall be elected by a majority vote
of all1 the Members of thne A~ssociation present in person, or voting
by letter or by proxy, each member to have one vote.
(c) A vacancy in thle mlembershiip of the Administrative Agency
may be filled from the appropriate group by a majority vote of the
remaining Members of the Administrative Agcncy, p~rovided, howF-
ever, that there? shall always be a, Memlber of the A~dministrative
Agency who is nlot a Memaber of the said Association if there be any
such.
(d) In addition to the Me~mbers elected~ by th~e Industry, the
Administrator, inl his discretion, may appoint one to three non-
voting members to represent the A~dministrator.
AL~RTICLE (r--TERMTS OF PAYMENT

SECTON 1. The terms of payment for this Division shall not be
more favorable than a cash discount of 3% for payment in advance
of shipment; 2%r for payment wPithin ten day~s after shipmlent; 1
for payment on or before the 10th of any' month for shlipmIents of
the previous month; net 30 days e.o.m.; all cash discounts shall be
figured on the net amount after deducting sales and /or excisie taxes
and all claims and allowances for defective or rejected goods.
AniLTcia D -TRADE PRACTICES

The followingr shall be Trade Practice Rules for this Divrision in
addition to those~ set forth in Article X of Part Ai of thlis Code:
Run 1. N)Io member of this Divisioni shall mnake any contract
of sale which does not definitely specify quantity, price, and final
date of shipment..
Run 2. No member of this Division shall issue any invoice to a
purchaser which. does not show the terms of payment and actual
date o~f shipment.
Run 3. N~o member of this Division shall make separate charges
for containers, such as bags, barrels, boxes, or cartons.
ARTICLE E-EXC:EPTIONS AND ADDITIONS TO PART A

(1) Article I~X of Part A. of this Code shall not be operative in
this D~ivision, except that the Admlinistrative A~gency..maay within
sixty (60) days after appr~ov~l of this Code designate any articles
manufactured by t~he members of this D~ivision on which-open prices
shall be filed and with respect to which articles the provisions of
ALrticle I~X shall be operative.