Registry No. 621--01
NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
SHOE AND LEATHER FINISHES
AND CEMENTS INDUSTRY
AS SUBMITTED ON AUGUST 29, 1933
The Code for the Shoe and Leather Finishes and Cements Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovery Administration
as applying to this industry
GOVERNltENT PRINTING OFFICE
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.O. Price 5 cente
ASSOCIATION OF MANUFACTURERS OF SHOE AND LEATHER
FINISH ES AND CEMENTS
TENTATIVE OUTLINE OF CODE OF FAIRC COMPETITION OF
THE ASSOCIATION OF MANUFACTURERS OF SHOE AND
LEATHER FINISHES AND CEMENTS
1. To effectuate t~he policy of Title 1 of the National Recovery
Act, and in accordance w'ith t~he expressed wvih of the President, of
the United States, this code is set up for t.he purpose of assuring fair
and reasonable compensation andi w~orldng conditions for employees;
of assuring fair and reasonable compensation to distributors; of
assuring fair and reasonable value t~o consumers; of assuring a fair
and reasonable profit for the manufacturers; and of assur~ing fair and
economically sound practices in the shoe and leather finish and
1. The term. "'Shoe and L~eather Finishes and Cement~s Indust~ry'"
shall be defined to mean: Persons, partnerships, associations, cor-
porations, trustees, .receivers, or other fiduciaries engaged in the
manufacture of Blackings, D~ressins, Cemnent~s, Waxes, Cleanser,
Polishes, Inks, and Specialties for use in shoe factories, wood-heel
factories, and rallied businesses, F~iises, Binders, T~op Coa7t~s, and
Specialties for use by tanneries, welting manufacturers, and fabri-
cators of leather.
1. This code and any subsequent revision of or addition to the
code shall be binding any person, partnership, association, or corpora-
tion in the shoe and leather finish and cement industry.
AuRICLE Q-PRESCRIBED CODE
A. Labor.-1. Employvees in the shoe and leather finish and cement
industry shall have the right to organize atnd bargain collectively
through representative of their own choosmg~, and shall be free from
the interference, rest~raint, or coercion of employers of labor, or their
agents, mn the designation of such r~epresentatives or in self-organiza-
tions or in other concerted act~ivities for t~he~ purpose of collective
bargaining or ot her mutual aid or protection.
2. No employee in, the shore andi leather finish and cement industry,
and no one seeking employment therein, shall be required as condition
of employment to join any rcompany- union or to reframn from joinung
a labor organization of his own choosmg~r.
3. Employers of labor in the shoe and leather finish and cement
industry agree to comply with the maximum hours of labor, minimum
rates of pay, and other conditions of employment approved or pre-
scribed by the President of the United States.
TI'e above language inr Paratgr~aphs 1, 2, 3, is mandatory under
Section 7 of the National Industrial Recovery Act.
4. The following provisions as to ma ximuml hours and numimum
w-ages shall apply to the Industry, subject. to the approval of the
a. No factory employee other than outside salesmen, engineers,
firemlen, shippers, repair crews, wa t.chmlen, cleaners, and those engaged
in emergency maintenance and repair work shall work over forty (40)
hours in any week, except employees mna managerial or executive
capacity, wlho nowr receive more than $35) per week or to very special
cases where restrictions of hours of highly skilled workers on con-
tinuous processes would unavoidably Ireduce production.
Provided that in case of emergncy it. is permissible to work 44
hours per week provided that the aggr~egate hours for any 4 weeks
shall not exceed 160 hours.
b. No person shall be employed under 16 years of age, except that
persons between 14 a~nd 16 may be emlployedl (but not in mlanufa~c-
turing or mechanical pursuits) for not to exceed 3 hours per doay and
those hours between 7 a.m. and 7 p.mn. in such work as will not
interfere wcith hours of day school.
c. The minimum wrage for al women shall be at the rate of $13
per 40-hour week. The minimum wvage for all boys under the age
of 21 years shall be at the rate of $14i per 40-hour w~eek. Mlale
emlployees 21 years or older at the rate of $18 per 40-bour week.
d. The foregoinga minimum wage rates are not a discrimination by
reason of sex, but because of difference in t~he work mn the mndustry.
When women do t~he same kind anid amount of work, they shall
receive, the samle rates of wages.
B. Co~sts.-1. It shall be an unfair method of competition for any
producer to sell below cost. In view of t.he difficulty of determininga
what is each mannufact~urer's netual cost, the Executive Commnitt~ee
has been authorized to det.ermine an ov~erag~e figure of a substantial
and representative number of this industryv, this t.o comprise, as far
as possible, the average cost of the individual products manufactured.
The Executive Commlittee is also authorized t~o recommend a reason-
able! margin of pro~fit.
C. 31a~rket~cing.-1-. The 3Exec uti ve Co m mi ttee or control com-
mitt ee shall establish a niar~keting code to cover the following subjects:
a. Classification of purchasers into manufacturers,, jobbers, and
retailers, and recognition of standard and ec~onomically justifiable
price differentials among them.
D. Trade Ethles. 1. The association condemns as unethical, and
therefore prohibits, the following practices:
a. Special discou~nt~s other than 2 percent 30 days or 10th prox. and
b. To give or permlit t~o be given to a.gaent.s or employees or repre-
sentatives of customers or prospective customers, or of competitors
or of persons purchasing from or contracting with customers of com-
petit.ors, money or anything of value to induce theml to influence their
emlployers, pricipals, or sellers to enter into or to refrain from the
purchase from or contract with a competitor or a member of the
industry offering or au thorizing the gift, bribe, or bonus.
c. Misrepresent station.
e. False invoicing.
f. PiracyT of design.
b. Free goods.
i. Interference wvith contracts.
j. Slack filled containers.
k. Enticement of employees.
1. ULse of Competitors' containers.
m. Wilful or malicious defamation of competitors or the disps.ra.ge-
ment of competitors' products.
2. WVhen formal complaint is made t~o the Association that the
provisions of this code have been violated by any employer or group
of employers, the Executive Committee or other committee appointed
by the Executive Committee shall inve~st.igat.e the complaint as fully
as may be necessary to determine whether the complaints is well
founded~, and, if in its opinion the complaint is justified, shall
report to the National Recovery Administrat~ion the result of such
1. In order to provide data necessary for the administration of
the National Industrial Recovery Act, the members of the shoe and
leather finish and cement industry shall furnish such statistical
information as the government may require.
ARTICLE 6--LIMIlTATION OF CODE
1. No provision in this code shall be interpreted or applied in such
manner as t~o:
a. Promote monopolies.
b. Permit or encourage unfair competition.
c. Eliminate or oppress small enterprises.
d. Discriminate against small enterprises.
ARTICLE Ij-- MODIFICATION AND AMIENDM~ENT
1. This code or any of its provisions may be cancelled or modified,
and any approved rule issued thereunder shall be ineffective, to the
extent necessary to conformi to any action by the President under
Section 9B of the National Industrial Recovery A~ct.
2. The Executive Committee or Control Commnittee shall from time
to time make to t~he Associa tion of manufacturers of Shoe and Leather
]Finishes a nd Cemen ts such recommlenda tions, including amendments
of the code as in its judgment w1il aid the effective administration of
this code or may be necessary to effectuate within the shoe and
leather finish and cement industry t~he purpose of thie National
Industrial Recovery Act as admninist~ered.
3. This code, and any amiendlments thereto, unless otherwise
provided by regulations fromt WTashlington, shall be in effect beginning
ten days after approval by t.he President.
UINIVEREITY OF FLORIDA
3 1262 08851 7809