The:Code for the Furniture Warehouse, Shipping, and Mioving Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovery Administration
as applying to this industrU
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. - Price 5 cents
Registry No. 1713--2-09
NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
SHIPPING AND MOVING INDUSTRY
AS SUBMITTED ON AUGUST 31, 1933
NA.TIO)NAL FURNITURE: WAREIHOU)~SI'E11ES AOIAIO
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE INDUSTRY
ENGAGED IN THE STORING, PACKING, SHIPPING, AND
MOVING (LOCAL AND LONG DISTANCE) OF USED
HOUSEHOLD GOODS, PRESENTED BY' THE NATIONAL
FURNITURE WAREHOUSEMEN'S ASSOCIATION
This code is set uip for the pu~rposet of increasing employmentt,
establishing fair and adlequate wages, effecting necessary reduct.ion of
hours, imnproving--r-- --- stand rds~ of labor, andl eliminating unfair trade
practices, to the end that this unit of Indus~try contributed its part
towsardc establishing that. balance of industries which is necessaryv to
the restoration andl maintenance of the highest practical degree of
public wel fare.
It. is t~he declarledl purpose of this group of Inldustry andl of the
adherents of this code to bringr, insofar as mayc be practicable. the
rates of minimluml wages p~aid within thlis section of industry to such
levels as are necessaryv for th~e creation and maintenance of the high-
est practienble standlard o-f living; to restore the~ income of enter-
p~rises within t~he industry? to levels which will make possible the
p~ayment. of such w~ages and avoid the further depletion and destruc-
tion of capital assets; and froml time to time revise the rates of wages
as will currently reflect th~e equitable adjustment to variations in the
cost of living.
ARTICLE II PARTICIPATION
This Code of Fair Comipetition, and anyli other subsequent revision
or addition to it, shall apply to any person, firmi, or corporations in
the United States that is engaged in the business of storing, packing,
shipping, and moving (local or long distance) of used Household
This obligation applies to all persons, firms, or corporations
engaged in handling used Household; Goods for wFhich1 it receives
compensation in the f'orml of a fee or othe~rconsiderat ion.
This Code of Fair Comupetition is not designed to promote mionopo-
lies or to eliminate or oppress small enterprises, and will not operate
to discriminate agarinst theml, and will tend to effectuate the policy
set forth in title one of the' N'ational Induistrial Recovery .Act.
For the purpose of administering this Code of Fair Competition
for those engaged in Storing, Packing, Shipping, nanMoig(o
and long distance) of used Household Goods, the United States shall
be divided into regions as follows:
Region n'o. 1.--Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Miassachusetts,
Rhode Island, and Connecticut.
Region Nlo. J.--The Mletropolit~an district of Greater New Y'ork.,
Region. No. 3.--Newr York and New Jersey, not including the New
Y'orkz Metrop~olitan district, and Pennsylvania.
Region, N'o. c4-Delaware, M~aryland, District of Columbia, and
Regio-n. N~o. 5.--Northr Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and
Region2 No. 6.-W~est Vir~ginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, and
Region N~o. ?'-Ohio, Indiana, Mi~hchgn, not incllludng the Upper
Peninsula, Illinois, except the M~etropolitan district of Chicago.
Region No. 8-The M~etropolit~an district of Chicago from Gar~y,
Indiana, to Waukega~an includring Kankakee, Illinois, and the area
east of the Fox River.
Regyionl N~o. 9.-W\Sisconsin, Mlinnlesota, and the Up~per Peninsula of '
Regioan No. 10.---lowa, MIissouri, ~Kansas, and Nerbraskan.
Region. No. 11.--Oklahoma, Texas, Colorado, New MIexico,
Arkansas, and Louisiana.
Region No.19l.--Wyoming, M~ontana, Nrorth and South Dakota.
Region No. 13.--Idaho, W~ashington, and Oregon.
Region No.14l.---Arizona, Utah, California, and Hawaiian Islands.
The operation of this Code of Fiair Competition s~hall be admin-
istered by a Geneiral ]Industry Control Board wvhose members shall
consist of the offiicers and directors of the National Fur~nit.ur~e Ware-
housemen's Association. and other person or persons who in the
judgement of the President. shall be invited to become members of
the Board in order to make same truly representative of the industry.
The President of thne National Furniture Warehouseme~n's Associa-
tion shall be its Chairmnan, and shall convene Boardl at, such time and
place as he may elect for the purlpo-;e of organization.
There shall be organized in each region Industry Contrlol Boards
by the General Indurstry Control Board and under rules laid dlown
by the General IndustryS Control Board for the purpose of the
"administration of this Code.
The General Industry Control Board, ciith the cooperation of the
Local Indlustryg Control Boards, shall have the authority to require
from each and every firm, corporation, or individual in this industry
any reports or other information necessary for the enforcement of
thzis Code., Each fir, corporationl, or individual sha~ll keep r~ecor~ds
and books of accounts in such form as may in the judgment of
the Genieral Industry Control Boardl be necessary for the proper
administration of this Code.
ARTICLE V--Lhnon CODE
All firms, corporations, or individuals shall subscribe to the fol-
Slowing provisions as provided by the National Industrial Recovery
Act, viz :
a. Emlployrees in this industry shall have tlhe right to organize and
bargain collectively through representatives of their ow~n choosing.
b. No emiploy~ee in this industry and no one. seeking employment
therein shall be required as a condition of employment; to join any
company union or to refrain from joining a la~boor organization of
his own choosing.
c. Emp~loyers of labor in this indlustry agree to comply with the
mnaximum hours of labor, minimum rates of pay, and other wTor~king
conditions approved or prescribed by the President of the U;nited
No'rE.--This portion of the code is not completed but will await information
from the subscribers to the code as to their ideas on the maximum hours and
minimum wages, which figures will be consolidated, and members of the regions
will be advised as to the results of the information gathered by the code com-
mittee. For purpose of uniformity we are attaching a form, which please fil
rut and return, together w~ith co~mmlents on the balance of the code.,
ARTICLE YTI TRADUE PRACTICES AND RULES OF CONDUCT
Signatories to~ this C`odet shall under no circumnstances s wha-tsoeverr
misrepresent to the public their. facilities.
Thle handling of HoulseholdZ Goods is a business fiduciary in. char-
act~er. and is built upo~n tr~ust anld confidence and any br~each of
faith will be considered a violattion of this Code.
Alisrepresentation dloes n-ot necessarily have to be mlisstatement
.of facts, but toc state thle facts that an inference is drawn contrary
to whiat is expressly stated.
No secret agr~eem;ents shall be entered into contrary to the tariff
provisionsi of this (Icod-e. No price that is deceptive or mnisleading
monv be adv\er~tisedl or quoted. Quotations must be madce illn rit~inga
w~henever possible to avoid mis understanding. Complaints for loss
and damage must be investigated and disposed of promptly. In
d~isposingq of unclaimed household goods in storage, strict comp-
pliancee with the law is; necessary. Unfair statements about, com-
pet~itors. not based~ on facts, are prohibited.
The different serneies as provided in the tariffs filed are separate
-and distinct, and all1 customers should be trealted' alike and no dis-
Each~ fir~m, corpora'1tion1, or individual in this industry shasll file,
severallyr or joinitly., a ta~irif of rates~ and charges within. thirtyr dlays
after the date of thep app1roval of this Codel by the President. of the.
United St~at~es or h-is r~epr~esentative, with the Secret.ary of ithe G~en-
era~l Industry Control Boar~dl andl a copy of same shall be filed with
the Regional Industry Control Board.
The rates andl charges set fourth in such tariffs shall be based upon
the fair average cost, plus a reasonable pro~fit.
The term cost. shall be const~ruedl to embrace all costs of operation
as determined byr standard accounting practices, including such
items as labor,_ ad1ministrative\ and selling expense, interest on invest-
ment, dleprecintion, obsolescence, insurance, taxes, rent, and other
expenses incident. to the business.
Each tariff shall name the specific rate or, basis o~f contract rate
to be charged for eachl service listed.
No sulch tariff shall be effective~ until approved by the General
Industry Control Boardl in the formi and mannner to be provided,.
and no firm, corporation, or individual paisty to thiis Code shall
quote or charge a rate except specifically provided for in such tariff
unless approved by the General Indus~try~ Control Board.
This Code mlay be amended only wh~en ap~provedl by the President
of the United States or his legfally conistitutedl representative and
upon approval of twfo thirds of the G~eneranl Indlustry Control Board.
Questions which mia occur' in dliscussion of tentative draft of a
Codle of Fair Comipetit~ion andi the answersi necc-rding to judgment,
of the Code Conmmittee:
N(o. 1. Question. Is the proposed code a National Furniture WVare-
housemnen's A.rssoiation code?
Ansler. No. The code will, wnhen approved by the gaovetrnment
be thle code of all firms, corprlorationsi, or individuals engaged in st~or-
ing, packing~, schipping, and moving (local or long distance) of used
Hou~seholdl Goods in-the Unitedl States.
Ev~en thoug~rh some handle other classes of co-mmroditiesi, the han-
dlin~g of used Household G~oodsi is a distinct and dliffer~ent class of
serv\i~e a7nd' should h~ave treatment, as a single unit in a Code of Fair
Comnpet iti on.
The National Furnitu re Wa rehouse~men's Assoc-ciat ion is the largest
orlga~nizedl factor in the industry, therefore, in atccor~dance with the
National Industrial Recovery Alct takes leadership without p~rejudlice
as between members and nonm~embers.
No. 2. Question. What expenses are involved in connection with
this Code of Fair Compyetition ?
Answpr. Preliminlry exnpenses~ in 1pl~reparin the code will be a~b-
sorbedl by the National Furniture Warlehlous;emen'lIs Association. Ex-
penses in connection with the. administration of the odle in t~he dif-
ferent regaions will be! c~hargedr t~o the r~egions, but noc expense in a
region will be incurred byt the General Industry~ Co~ntrol Board
without thme consent of the region. In other words, the policing of
this law will be left to the local and regional Ilnits and the expense
will be controlled to a large extent by the methods emp~loyed in the
administration and policing of the la~w.
Sug~gestio~nh will co~me from the Gener~1al Ilndustry3 C'ontr~ol Board
on this subject.
No. :3. Q~ues4tion. Wlill administration. of the codle b~e handled by
the National or Regional gr'oups?
Answer. It is the distinct judgment. of the Boardl of Director~s of
the National Furnitur~e WarIehlouSem~enl'S As~ciationll andi the Code
Committee that admlinistrationl of the Code mlust be handlled entirely
by the local IRegional Industry\ Contr~ol Boards, andlc thlat the Geneifal
Industry Control Board will deal only with questions of general
policy, wit~h miaters of arbitration and will be the recognized agency
for contact. with the. Federal Government (National Industrial
No. 4. Question. Is it. necessary for each regional group to hav~e
a code of its ownT
Answ~er. No. Each region will be expected to administer the code
after it hlas been adopted in its final formn an1d is approvedl by thle
President of the UTnited States.
No. 5j. Question. Is it. necessary to belonga to the National Furni-
ture WTarehou~semen's Association to participate in the Codec?
Answer. No. It is contempllatedl that those engaged~c in the loonl
movina of househollld goods andi those engnged in thle long-dlistance
moving of househl~cr d goodjcs shall be par~ties to the Code.
Of course it w~ouldl be advisable for as m~ny who canl qualify to
become members of the National Furniture Wa~rehousemeen's Asso-
ciationi to strengthenl the entire set-up, andc members of the National
Fur~niturlre 'a rehlousemlen's Associatiorn ar e urg~ed- to secure the
necessary alpphentions promnptly.
No. 6. Question. Supplosing n firml refuses to par'ticipa~te andt sub-
scribe to the rulles laid dlown
Answer. Thle Inw sp~eci~ieally states wshat noncooperators~ will be
SulbjeCt to), andl also p~rovid~es for those wTho- subscribee to the code
andl fail to liv'e upl to it..
Read these~ pirovisionis of the lawr as they ar~e imnpor~tant.
No. T. Quiestion. Wha~rt machine ryv will be set up to see thiat every-!
body! lives upl to, thle C'od-e
Answer. After thle General Indlustry Control Boardc- is orgranizedc
and the Reg~io-nal Indutlry~l Contr~ol Bornedl is orlganizedl a~ regullar pro-
cedur~e will be adopted setting uip thle ne~ce~ssary~ formsi to see that thle
Code is being livetl up to in everyL detail.
No. 8. Questionr. Are maximum hours of emnploymenten and mniii-
mlumn pay? to b~e s~tandardciz~ed thlroug7hout the countryg ?
Answ~er. No:; they will be stantndardized as far as possible within
the regions, as in laying out. the regionls it wasi aimed to put into the
different r~egio~ns, cities andi states where the work~ing conditions w~ere
siia.Rates o-f p~ay' must bea r rensona~ble relat ion to living costs in
t~he district invoc-lved~t, andi the spirit of the Inw~ which anlticipates
the emlploymlentt of moir~e people should be enre~fully considered.
No. 9,. Quesionic,. W~hat rate will gTovernl on t a ri ffs?
Answer.l It is nillnedl to have the rate at point of origin of business
Householdl Goodls to o~rganize under a Code of Fair Competition
Alns~ei-. Thle character of service renderetd. the clientage sieredl,
andi t~he equipment, both in warehoulses and~ motor vanis, are dlistinctly
different fr~om others types of service. Its operaltor~s I~reqiire special
experience and- thle miethodl s employedc are personal andc not. commier-
Warehlousemen and en crtagae operators in manyn cases handcle sue-
cessfully both usedc furniture and mer~chandis~e in dlitferent dlepart-
mIients a'nd in suchl circumstances should allocate all uised Ho-usehold
G Coods operantions~ under this Code.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
3 1262 08851 7916