Code of fair competition for the fur dressing and fur dyeing industry as approved on December 18, 1933 by President Roosevelt

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Material Information

Title:
Code of fair competition for the fur dressing and fur dyeing industry as approved on December 18, 1933 by President Roosevelt
Portion of title:
Fur dressing and fur dyeing industry
Physical Description:
p. 161-173 : ; 24 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- National Recovery Administration
Publisher:
United States Government Printing Office
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Fur -- Dressing and dyeing   ( lcsh )
Fur trade -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Registry No. 911-28."
General Note:
"Approved Code No. 161."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004941669
oclc - 63654913
System ID:
AA00006882:00001

Full Text

UNIV. OF FL LIB.
1, D~e.w O OUR PART




U.S. OEPOSITOAY
1. Executive Order
2. Letter of Transmittal
8. Code


I' I
Wa~r sl by the Superintendent~ of Docurments, Washington, D.O. - Price 5cents


Approved Code No. 161


Registry No. 911--28


NATIONAL RECOVERY ADIMINISTRATIOdN



CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION



FUR DRESSING AND

FUR DYEING INDUSTRY


AS APPROVED ON DECEMBSER 18, 1933
BY
PRESIDENT ItOOSEVELT


UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON a 1938























This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Oilice, Washington, D.C., and by the district offces of the Bureau of
Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
DISTRICT OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

Atlanta, Ga.: 504 Post Ofice Building.
Birmingham, Ala.: 257 Federal Building.
Boston, Rlass.: 18011 Custombouse.
Buffalo, N.Y.: Chamber of Gommerce Building.
Charleston, S.C.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Chicago, Ill.: Suite 1706, 201 North Wells Street.
Cleveland, Ohio: Chamber of Commerce.
Dallas, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Detroit, Illch.: 22!13 First National Bank Building.
Houscton, Tex.: Chanmber of Commerce Building.
Inliananpolis, Ind.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Jacksonville, Flal.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Kansas City, 100.: 1028 Baltimore Avenue.
Los Ang~eles, Calif.: 1163 South Broadway.
Louisville, Ky.: 4018 Federal Building.
Alemplhis, Tenn.: 22'3 Federal Building.
~Ilinneapolis, 10inn.; 213 Federal Building.
New\ Orleans, La.: Room 225-A-, Custombouse.
New York, N.Y.: 734 Custombouse.
N~orforlk, Va: 406 East Plume Street.
Philadelphia, Par.: 933 Commercial Trust Building.
Pittsburg~h, Pa.: Chamber of Commerce Buiiling.
Portland, Oreg.: 215 New Post Office Building.
St. Lo~uis, 1510.: 506 Olive Street.
San Francisco, Caljf.: 310 Custombouse.
Seattle,' W~ash.: 809 Federal Building.














Approved Code No. 161


CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
FOR THE

FUR DRESSING AND FU DYEiING INDUISTIRY-

As Approved on D~ecember 18, 1933
BY

PRESIDENT' ROOSEVELTC






Executive Order

An application having been duly made, pursuant to anrd in full
compliance with the provisions of title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act., approved June 16, 1933, for my approval of a Code
of Fair Conmnpt;t~ion for t~he Fulr Dressc;ing and Fur Dyeing Industryl,
and hearings having been held thereon, and the Admimistrator having
rendered his report containing an analysis of the said code of fair
competition together with his recommendation and findings with
resp~ectf thereto, and t~he Administrator having found that t~he saidJ
cod affair competition complies in all respects with thte pertinent
provisions of title I of said act and that the requirements of clauses
(1) and (2) of subsection (a) of section 3 of the said act have been
met :
NOW\, THEREFORE, I, Fr~anklin D., Roosevrelt, President of the
UTnited States, pursuant to the authority vested in me by title I of
thle NaionaIll IndustrLIial Recovery Aclt, approved June 16, 1933, and
ot.herwise, do adopt and approve the report, recommendations, and
findings of the Adtministrator and do order that the said code of
fair competition be and is hereby approved.
FRANKLIN D). 1ROOSEVELT,
Approval recommended::
Hanc S. JOHNSON,
Ad ministrator.
THE HVITE 110USE,
Decem~berl 18, 1933.


26900*--33


(161)














The PRESIDENT, DCME 8 98
The Wlhite House.
SIR: This is a report on the Code of Fair Compet~ition for the Fur
Dressing a~nd Fulr Dyeing Industry as revised after the hearing con-
ducted in Washington on Novemnber 1, 1933, in accordance with the
provisions of the National Industrial Recovery Act.
PROVISIONS OF THE CODE AS TO AGrBES AND HOURS

ARTICLE Ill--HOUR8

1. No employee shall be permitted to work in excess of thirty-
~fie hours in any one week or seven hours in any twenty-four hour
period except by payment of not less than time and one half for
overtime; provided, however, that during any seven weeks of a six
months' period (the first period to begin on the effective date of
this code) employees may work not more than forty hours per week,
but time in excess of eight hours in any twrenty-four during such
seven weeks' period shall be paid at the rate of time and one half
for overtime.
2. From the provisions of paragraph one the following classes
shall be exceptedi:
(a) Watchmen, executives and foremen acting in a purely super-
visory capacity, outside salesmen, and chemists.
(b) Engineers, firemen, chauffeurs, and drivers and their helpers,
who may not work over forty-four hours in any one week except by
payment of nofless than time and one third for overtime.
(c) Office employees, receiving and shipping clerks shall not work
more than fortyv hours per week, averaged over a four week's period,
except by payment of not less than time and one third for overtime.
3. The maximum hours fixed in the foregoing sections shall not
apply to any employee on emergency maintenance or emergency
repair work involving breakdowns or protection of life or property,
or any emergency situation which may arise whereby the product
of the employer may be spoiled or destroyed while in a perishable
condition, but in such cases the employer may put such product
through the regular processes into a nonperishable condition, and
for all such emergency overtime the employee shall be paid at the
rate of overtime above prescribed for hours worked in excess of
the maximum hours herein provided.
4. No employee shall be permitted to work more than six days
in any seven-day period.
5. The available work in each shop shall, so far as practicable,
be equally divided amongst all the employees therein.
(162)






163


ARTICLE 17- TAGES

1. The following minimum rates of wage shall be paid all em-
ployees other than those engaged inl the rabbit dyeinga industry:
(a) No male emnployree nineteen years of age and over shall be paid
at less than the rate of 65 cents an hour.
(b) No male employee over sixteen years but under nineteen
years of age shall be paid at less than the rate of 45 cents an hour.
(c) No female employee shall be paid at less than the rate of
45 cents an hour.
2. The following minimum rates of wage shall be paid all em-
playeesc of sihops or delpan~trtmnts esngraged. ec~rluive~ly in thes dye~ing
of rabbit or coney skins:
(a) No male emnployree nineteen years of age and over shall be paid
at less than the rate of 50 cents on hour.
(b) No male employee over sixteen years but under nineteen years
of age and no female employee shall be paid at less than the rate
of 35 cents an hour.
3. On or before: June 1, 1934, the Code A~uthorityT Board, herein-
after provided for, shall undertake an investigation of the minimum
wage scales contained herein and submit its report and recomamenda-
tions thereon to the Admninistrator, who m~ay take s-uch. action th~ereon
as he may deem necessary.
4. (a) There shall be no discrimination in wages by reason of sext
and where in any case females do substantially the same work, or
perform substantially the same duties as males, they shall receive
the same rates of wage.
(b) Ml~ale employees between the ages of sixteen and nineteen
years, who do substantially the same work or perform substantially
the same duties as male employees nineteen years of ag5e and over
shall receive the same rates of wage as male employees nineteen
yea rs of age and over.
(c) This Article establishes a minimum rate of pay, regardless
of whether an employee is compensated on a time rate, piece work,
or other basis.
(d) The wages of unskilled labor recciving in excess of the fore-
going minimum rates of pay established by this code shall not be
reduced.
5. Where emp~loyers andi employees by collective batrgainingf have
entered into or shall1 enter into valid employer-employee agreefments,
the code authority hereinafter constituted shall from time to time
require proof of such agreements; and when said agrreemients sh~all
have been proved and filed with said code authority, full recrognitijon
of the contractual obligations under said agr~eemients shall be ne-
corded in the administration of this code, subject to the approval of
the Administrator.
6. Any division of t~he industry through its Divisional Planninga
Committee hereinafter provided for, andb upon five days' notice to
each individual member of the Code Authority Board hereinafter
provided for, may present to t~he Administrator a schedule of mini-
mum wages to be paid skilled employees of the division presenting
such schedule.






164


The Administrator within twenty days after said presentment
shall grant a hearings to allI parties at interest, and shall approve,
disapprove, or modify said schedule or any part thereof. If any
amendment to this code appears necessary or desirable, the Admin-
istrator shall promptly act in accordance with the law and the
regulations provided by the President to so amiend.
Ecowoarnc Errrrr OF THE CODE

Fur dressing and fur dyeing is a service. Raw skins or pelts
belonging to others are delivered to dressers and dyers for processing
and returned to their owners dressed and dyed and ready to be made
into garments and trimming for garments. The dressers and dyers
have no ownership whatsoever in t~he comnuodity .which they service.
Practically all employees in some of the divisions are organized,
in others no organization exists, and in others the employees are
partially organized. In the organized divisions the hourly wage
scale is extremely high and might seem unreasonably so were it not
for the fact that t.he regulation of the business, due to seasonal re-
quirements and the great number of employees available, is such
th~at rarely do pieceworkiers have an opportunity to do a full days'
wor~k. The fact is that the high hourly wage rate does not in any
way result in a high or even satisfactory weekly pay envelop, y)et
it is generally conceded that the cost of service operations of fur
dressers or dyers forms a relatively small part of the price of the
finished garmlent.
It is estimated that the effect of this code due to the restrictions of
hours will be suffcient to reemploy all those attached to the in-
dustry at the peak of 1929, and the minimum wage scale for unskilled
employees will add substantially to the wages received by the
employees generally.
I[ believe that this code will be highly beneficial to the fur dressing
and fur dyeing industry generally, and that its administration will,
from its inception, accomplish in large and increasing measure the
purposes of the National Industrial Recovery Act.
FINDI NGs
Thle Administrator finds that:
(a) The code as recommended complies in all respects with the
pertinent provisions of Title I of the Act, including;, without limita-
tion, subsection (a) of Section 7 and subsection (b;) of Section 10
thereof ; and that
(b) The applicant groups impose no inequitable restrictions on
admissions to membership therein and are truly representative of the
fur dressing and fur dyeing industry; and that
(c) The code as recommended is not designed to promote mono~p-
olies or to eliminate or oppress small enterprises and will not
operate to discriminate against them, and will tend to effectuate the
policy of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act.
It is recommended, therefore, that this code be adopted.
Respectfully,
HUan S. JoHNSON,
Administrator.














FOR THE
FUR DRESSING AND FUR DYEING INDUSTRY


ARTICLE T -PI(POSES

To effectuate the policies of Title I of the N~ational Industrial Re-
covery Act, the following provisions are adopted as a Code of F'air
Competition for the fur-dressing and fur-dyeing industry, and upon
approval by the President shall be the standard of fair competition
for such inldustryr and shall be binding upon every member thereof.

ARTICLE II--DEFINITIONS

1. The terms "L fur-d dressing and fur-dyeing industry ") or "L the in-
dustry as used herein shall be taken to mean the business of dressing
or dyeingr or otherwise procesnsing of all kinds of raw fur skins and
such related industries as may from time to time be included under
the provisions of this code.
2. The term "L employee a~s used twrein includes anyone engaged
2n the industry mn any capacity receiving compensation for his serv-
ices, irrespective of the nature~ or method of payment of such coma-
penseation. This de~nit~ion shall includeJP all pe~rons perrforming any
labor or doing any work in d~ressi~ng, dyeing, or otherwise process-
in fur skins, including a member of a copar~tner~ship or firmn, an
of cer, director, or stockholder of a corporation doing such work.
3. The terml employer as used herein includes anyone by whom
such emnployee is compensated or employed.
4. The term member of the industry "' includes anyone engaged
in the industry as above defined, either as an employer or on his own
behalf.
5. The terms President '"Act ", and ""Administrator as used2
herein shall mean respective y the President of the United States,
the National Industrial Recovery A~ct, and the Admninistrator of
said Act..
6. The term "C fancy fur dressers shall mrJea~n all members of the
industry engaged in the dressing of all kinds of fur skins exceplt
rabbit skins and skins which require? dressingr and dyeing as a,
combination process, such as Hudson seals, Persian lamb, etc., etc.
7. The term "L fancy fur dyers shall ~ean all members of t~he
industry engaged in the dyeing of all kinds of fur skins, except
rabbit skins, and indelding such skins as required dressing and dyeing
as a combination process, such as Hudlson seals, Persian lamb, etc.,
etc.
(165)


CODE OF FAIR COMIPETITIONlr







166


8. The term dogr and long-haired fur dyers shall mean all
members of the industry engaged in the dyeing of dog skrins and
long-hiaired fur skins.
'3. The term rabbit-fur dressers shall mean all members of the
industry engaged in the dressing of rabbit and coney sldns.
10. The term '' rabbit-fur dyers shall mean all members of thle
industry engaged in the dyeing of rabbit and coney skins.
11. The term '' metropolitan area shall include only the states
of Connecticut, NewT Yor~k, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania.
AurTcus I-II -HoURs

1. No employee shall be permitted to work in excess of thirty-
five hours in any one week or seven hours in any twTentyr-four hour
period, except by payment of not less than time and one half for
overtime; provided, however, that during any seven weeks of a six
months' period (the first period to begin on the effective date of this
code) employees may work not more than forty hours per week, but
time in excess of eight hours in any twenty-four during such seven
weeks' period shall be paid at the rate of time and one half for over-
ti me.
2. Fromn the provisions of paragraph one the following classes
shall be excepted:
(a) Watchmlen, executives and foremen acting in a purely super-
visory capacity, outside salesmen, and chemists.
(b) Engineers, firemen, chauffeurs, and drivers and their helpers,
who may not work over forty-four hours in any one week except
by payment of not less than time and one third for overtime.
(c) Office employees, receiving and shipping clerks shall not work
more than forty hours per week, averaged over a four weeks' period,
except by payment of not less than time and one third for overtime.
3. The maximum hours fixed in the foregoing sections shall not
apply to any employee on emergency maintenance or emergency
repair work involving breakdowns or protection of life or property,
or any emergency situation which may arise whereby the product
of the employer mnay be spoiled or destroyed while in a perishable
condition, but in such cases the employer may put such product
through the regular processes into a nonperishable condition, and
for all such emergency overtime the employee shall be paid at the
rate of overtime above prescribed for hours worked in excess of the
maximum hours herein provided.
4. No employee shall be permitted to work more than six days in
any seven-day period.
5. The available work in each shop shall, so far as practicable,
be equally divided amongst all the employees therein.
AnrTICuc IV--WAGEB

1. The following minimum rates of wage shall be paid all em-
ployees other than those engaged in the rabbit dyeing industry:
(a) No male employee nineteen years of age and over shall be paid
at less than the rate of 65 cents an hour.







167


(b) No male employee over sixteen years but under nineteen years
of agec shasll be pnidl at less than the rate of 45 cents an hour.
(c) N~o female employee shall be paid at less than the rate of 45
cents an hour.
2. The following minimum rates of wage shall be paid all em-
ployees of shops or depar~tments engaged exclusively in thie dyetingr of
rabbit or coney skins.
(a) No male employee ~i~neteen years of age aind over shall be
paid at less than the rate of 50 cents an hour.
(b) No male employee over sixteen years but under nineteen years
of age and no female employee shall be paid at less than the rate
of 35 cents an hour.
3. On or before ,June 1, 1934, the Code Authorit~y Board, hereina after
provided for, shlall undertake an investigation of the minimumn w~age
scales contained herein and submit its report and recommendation
thereon to the Administrator, who may take such action ther~eon as
he many dleem necessary.
4. (a) There shall be no discrimination in wages byT reason of
sex, and where in any case females do substantially the same workl, or
perform substantially the samne duties as males, they shall receive the
samne rates of wage.
(b) M~ale employees between the ages of sixteen and nineteen years,
who do substantially the same work or perform substantially the same
duties as male employees nineteen years of age and over shall receive
the same rates of wage as male employees nineteen years of age and
over.
(c) This Article establishes a mlinimumn rate of pay, regardless of
whether an employee is compensated~ on a tim rate, piecework, or
other basis.
(d) The wages of unskilled labor receiving in excess of the fore-
going minimum rates of pay established by this code shall not be
reduced.
5. WIhere emlploy~ers and employees by collective bargaining have
entered into or shall enter into valid employer-employee agreements,
the code aut.horityr hereinafter constituted shall from time to time
require proof of such agreements; and when said agreements shall
have been proved and filed withz said code authority, full recognition
of the contractual obligations under said agreements shall be accorded
in the administration of this code, subject to the approval of the
Administrator.
6. Any division of the industry through its Divisional Planning
Committee hereinafter provided -for, and upon five days' notice, to
each individual members of the Code Authority Board hereinafter
provided for, mnay present to the Administrator a schedule of mini-
mum wa~ges to be paid skilled employees of the division presenting
such schedule.
The Administrator within twenty days after said presentment
dshal rane ar hearing to all parties at interest, and shall approve,
disaproe, o moifysaid schedule or any part thereof. If any
amendment to this code appears necessary or desirable, the Adminis-
trator shall promptly act in accordance with the law and thle regula-
tions provided by the President to so amend.






168


AnIcLE V --GENERAL LABOR PROVISIONS

1. No person under sixteen years of age shall be employed in~ the
industry, nor anyone under twenty years of age at operations or
occupations hazardous in nature or detrimental to health. The code
authority shall suibmit to the Administrator before January 1, 1934,
a list of such occupations. In any State an employee shall be deemed
t~o have complied with this provision if he shall have on file a
certificate or permit duly issued by the authority in such State
empowered to issule employment or age certificates or permits
Showing that the employee is of the required age.
2. Emnployees shall have the right to organize and bargain collee-
tively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall be
free from the interference, restraint, or coercion of employers of
labor, or their agents, in the designation of such representatives or
in self-organization or in other concerted activities for the purpose
of collecrt~iveP bargining or other mutual aid or protection.
3. No employee, and no one seeking employment, shall be required
as a condition of employment to join anyv company union or to
refrain from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organization
of his own choosing.
4. Employers shall comply with the maxunum hours of labor,
mli nimnu m rates of pay, and other conditions of employment,
approved or prescribed by the President.
5. Within each State this code shall not supersede any laws of
such State imposing more stringent requirements on employers regu-
lating the age of employees, wages, hours of work, or health, fire, or
general working conditions than under this code.
6. Employers shall not reclassify employees or duties of occupa-
tions performed by employees so as to defeat the purposes of the Act.
7i. Each employer shall post in conspicuous places in his factory
full copies of this code.
ARTIcLE VI ADMINISTRATION

1. To further effectuate the, policies of the Nat~ional Industrial
Recovery Act, a code authority known as the Code Authority Board
of the Fur Dressing and Fur Dyeing Industry shall be established
as follows:
2. The fur dressing and fur dyeing industry shall be classified into
the following divisions:
1. The Rabbit Fur Dressers Division.
2. The Rabbit Fur Dyers Division.
8. The F~ancy Fur Dressers Division.
4. The Fancy Fur Dyers Division.
5. The Dog and Long Haired Fur Dyers Division.
Subject to the approval of the Administrator, additional divisions
may be organized or existing divisions consolidated upon recomm~en-
dation of the planning committees of all the divisions and the Code
Authority Board.
3. There shall be elected to the Code Authority Board by members
of their respective divisions, according to rules adopted by each divi-
sion and approved by the Administrator, seventeen members thereof,






16i9


as follows: three representatives froma each of the above divisions
operating factories or plants within th~e metro~politan area, except thle
Fancy Fur Dyers D~ivision within said area, which shall elect four
representatives; and one representative at large shall be ele-cted bys
members of the fur dressing and fur dyeing industry operating fae-
tories or plants outside the metropolitan area. The Pre~sidernt mlay
appoint not more than three members in addition thereto, without
vote.
4. The Code Authority Boar~d so organized is hiereby co~nstituted
the agency for cooperating with the Admninistration or the Admiini;-
trator as an administrative agency for the Fur Dressing and Fur
Dyeing Industry. Such agency may from time to time present to
the Administrator recommendations based on conditions in the in-
dustry as they may develop, for t~he betterment thereof and for the
purpose of further effectuatingr the operations of the provisions of this
code and the policy of the National Industrial Recov~ery ALct.
5. The Chairman of the Board shall be elected from its memlber-
ship by a majority vote of t~he members of the Code Authority B~oard,
and the selection thus made shall be subject to the approval of thIe
Administrator. When so elected and approved the Chairman of th~e
Code~ Aulthnlort Board shall be~ t~he npsreiing and chief executiv-e
officer of said Board.
6. Each division of the fur dressing and fur dyeing industry shall,
by a method approved by the Administrator, elect its own separ~nto
and distinct divisional planning committee which shall be entitled to
make recommendations on matters pertaining to the administration
of this code affecting said division. All such recommendations
shall be presepnted- in writi;ng by t~he division's representatives to
every member of said Board and if said Board fails to act thereon
within ten days thereafter, such recommendations shall be deemed
approved by it. If any recommendations by the D~ivisional Plannnig
Committee involving a modification or amendment of this code are
disapproved by the Code Authority Board, thn the Dtivisionnal Plan-
ning Comminttee presenti;ng such recommendations shall be entitled
to present the same direct to the Administrator for his approval in
accordance with law. Each division may carry out the approved
recmmedatonsof ts laningcommittee subject to supervision
by the Code Authority Board,altohendttechdiiomy
be self-governing in all problems relating exclusively to itself inclu~d-
ing trade terms and trade practices as well as other administrative
matters affecting it, but in any event subject to the~ approval of the
Administrator.
7. In order that the Code Authority Board shall at all times be
truly representative of the industry and in other respects comply
with the provisions of the Act, the Administrator may hold such
hearings as he may deem proper; and thereafter if he shall find that
the Code Authority Board is not truly representative or does not
in other respects comply with the provisions of the Act, he may
require appropriate mrodificat~ion or modific.t~ions, or take such fur-
ther action as he may deem necessary.
8. The Code Authority Board shall have thle following duties and
powers to the extent permitted by the Act, subject to the right of






170


the Administrator on review to disapprove or modify any action
taken by it.
(a) 't~he Code Authority Board shall administer the code and shall
maintain all activities pertinent thereto, such as obtaining from
employers reports requested by the President or his authorized repre-
sentative mn respect to wages, hours of labor, conditions of employ-
ment, number of employees, and other matters necessary for the
effectuation of this Code and Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act.
In addition t.o the information required to be submitted to the
Code Authority Board, there shall be furnished to government
rigencies sulch statistical information as thie Administrator may deem
npe~;f~tessary or h proes recit.ed in Section 8 (at) of the Act.
(b) \leber ofthe industry shall be entitled to participate in
and share the benefits of the activities of the Code Authorityv Board
and to participated in the selection of t~he members thereof by assent-
inr ton and complying with the requirements of this code and sus-
taining their reasonable share of the expenses of its administration.
Such reasonable share of the expenses of administration shall be de-
termined by the Code Authority Board subject to review by the Ad-
ministra~tor, on the basis of suchl factors as may be deemed equitable.
(c) No reorganization of the Code Authority Board or reclassifi-
cation of the divisions in the industry, or modification or amendment
of the rules and regulations contained in the code, shall be made over
the dissent of any one of the divisional planning committees, except
as and where the President may make such reorganization, reclassifi-
cation, modification, or amendment under the law, without the
assent of the parties affected.
(d) Each trade or industrial association directly or indirectly par-
ticipating in the selection or activities of the Code Authority Board,
shall (1) impose no inequitable restrictions on membership and (2)
submit to the Administrator true copes of its articles of association,
bylaws, regulations, and any amendments when made thereto, to-
gether with such other information as to membership, organization,
and activities as the Administrator may deem necessary to effectuate
the purposes of the Act.
AnnICLE VII--TRADE PRACTICES

The following practices constitute unfair methods of competition
of t-he induistry~ and are prohibited:
1. False MarkXinlg or Brex~nding.--T he false marking or branding
of any product of the industry which has the tendency to mislead or
deceive customers or prospective customers, whether as to the grade,
quality, quantity, substance, character, nature, origin, size, finish, or
preparation of any product of the industry, or otherwise.
2. Mis~epre~sentation or False or Misleadlinfg Advertising.--The
makling or causing or knowingly permitting to be made or published
any false, materially inaccurate, or deceptive statement by way of ad-
vertisement or otherwise, whether concerning the grade, quality,
qluantit~y, substance, character, nature, origin, size, finish, or prepara.-
tion of any product of the industry, or the credit terms, values, pohi-
cies, or services of any member of the industry, or otherwise, having





171


the tendency or capacityT to mislead or dleceive customers or pro-
spective customers.
3. Commen~rcial Bribery.--Directly or indirectly to give or permit
to be given, or offer to give, money or anything of value to agents,
employees, or representatives of customers or prospective customers,
or to agents, employees, or representatives of competitors' customers,
or prospective customers, as an inducement to influence their em-
ployers or principals to purchase or contract to purchase from the
makers of such gaift or offer,, or to influence surch em~ployeris or princi-
pals to refrain from dealing or contracting to deal with competitors.
4. Interf'erecnc~e wuith C onltractual Relations.-Ma~n liciously i nd uci ng
or attempting t~o induce thie breach of an existing oral or written
contract between a competitor and his customer or source of supply,
or interfering with or obstrulctinga the performance of any such
contractual duties or services.
5. Secret R1bates.--The secret payment or allowPcance of rebates,
refunds, commissions, credits, or unearned discounts, whether inn the
form of money or otherwise, or the secret extension to certain pur-
chasers of special services or privileges not extended to all pur-
chasers on likie terms and conditions. The giving of unfounded or
excessive allowances as damages or alleged damages for skinls.
6. Gili~ng of' Pr~izes, Premi~ums11. or G~fts.-The offering or giving
of prizes, premiumns, or gifts in connection with the sale: of products
or rendering of service, or as an inducemlent thereto, by any scheme
which involves lottery, misrepresentation, or fraud.
7. Defam~atioz.--The defamation of competitors by falsely imput-
ing to them dishonloroble conduct, inability to perform contracts,
questionable credit standing, or by other false representations, or by
t~he false disparagement of the grande or quality of their goods.
8. Threats of Litigaction.--Thle publishing or circu~larizing: of
threats or suits for infringement of patents or trade marks or of any
other legal proceedings not in good faith, with the tendency or effect
of harassing or intimidasting their customers.
9. Espionlage of Compet.:itor~s.-Securingr confidential information
concerning the business of a competitor bya false or misleading
statement or representation, by a false impersonation of one in
authority, by bribery, or by any other unfair method.
10. Other Unlfair Pradctws.--Nothing in this code sharll limi the
effect of any adjudication by the courts or holding by the Federal
Trade Comimission on complaint, finding, and order that any prac-
tice or method is unfair, providing thIat such adjudication or holding
is not inconsistent with any provision of the Act or of this code.
AlRTICLE VTIII--SALE BELOW COST AND SERVICE CHARGES

1. No one engaged in this industry shall dress and/or dye or proe-
ess any fur skrins at a price below cost of production, and each
employer whether fur dresser or fur dyer, or both, shlall submit upon
request a statement from a cer~tified public accountant recognized by
the Code ALuthority B~oard for thne industry as qualified to the effect
that such manufacturers has a p~roper' accounting system; which state-
mient, however, may not. be accepted as final by the Code Authority
Board either as to accounting or as to selling below cost.






172


2. In order to effectuate the purposes of the Act and to assure the
maintenance of labor standards, any division of this industry may at
any time after the effective date of this code submit to the Admini-
strator, through t.he Code Authority Board, a schedule of charges
applicable to services rendered by members of said division, based
upon the lowest reasonable cost of production. If and when such
schedule shall be approved by the A~dministrator and by employers
of 6.5% of the employees engaged in the division atfected, the rates
set forth therein for the services specifiedc shall be the minimum
charge for said services in the industry, and the rendition of services
for charges below those appearing in such approved schedule shall be
a violation of this codle. Subsequent changes in said schedule shall
be arrived at in the same manner and shall not be subject to the pro-
visions of Section 8 (c) of Article VI.
3. Any group of fur dressers or fur dyers, not. otherwise bound
by an approved schedule of charges as contemplated by Article VIII,
may agree upon a minimum service charge to assure the maintenance
of labor standards covering any one type of service or a schedule
comprehending more than one type of service, which shall become
effective and binding upon the parties to such agreement when ap-
proved by the Administ~rator. Any violation of such agreement
after approval thereof shall be deemed a violation of this code.
Subsequent changes in said schedule shall be arrived at in the same
manner and shall not be subject to the provisions of Section 8(c)
of Article VI.

ARTICLE IS REGISTRATION AND ATABRKING OF PRODUCTS

The Code Authority Board shall assign to each employer engaged
in this industry assenting to and complying with the provisions of
this code an N.R.A. insignia and separate regist.ry number; on and
after the effective date of this code all fur skins dressed, dyed, or
otherwise processed by an employer shall bear a nonremovable
stamp, seal, or impression, giving the number assigned to such em-
ployer by the Code Authority Board. The Administrator upon
recommendation of the Code Authorityv Board, or upon his own
motion after due notice and hearing thereon, may revoke the assign-
ment of any such N.R.A. insignia to any employer in the industry
upon satisfactory proof that such employer has violated the terms
or provisions of this code.
No firm engaged in t.he dyeing division shall process any skin
which does not bear such N.R.A. registration number unless a stamp
indicating the country of origin shall show that it was not dressed
in the United States.

ARTICLE X- lfODIFICATION

1. This code and all the provisions thereof are expressly Bmade
subject to the right of the President, in accordance with hepro-
visions of subsection (b) of Section 10 of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, from talme to time to cancel or modify any order
approval, license, rule, or regulation issued under Title I of said
Act and specifically, but without limitation, to the right of the






173

President to cancel or modi:fy h-is approval of this code or an con-
ditions imposedl by? h~im upon his app~roval ther~eof.
2. This codle, exceplt asr to provisions reqluiredl bythe Act, may be
mlodifiedl on th~e basis of experience or chlngre in exrcumtstaces,
such modification to b~e ba~sed upon application to the. Admlinistrator
and such notice and hearings as hie shall spercify, and to become effee-
tire on approval of the President.

ARTICLE SI--ATONOPOLIES, ETo.

No provision of this codle shall b~e so applied as to permit
monopolies or monopolistic practices. o~r to eliminate, oppress, or
discriminate against small enterprises.

ARTICLE XII-EFFECTIV'E DATE

This code shall become effective on the tenth day after its approval
by the President.
Approved Code N'o. 161.
Registry No. 9J11-~28.




UI VERITY~iilllp l OF: FLRD
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