Registry No. 1702--11
NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
IIUNIV. OFC FL LIBI.
The Code for the Commercial Duplicating and M~ailing Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the procisions contained therein are
to be regarded as harmng received the approval of
the National Recovery Admiinistration
as applying to this industry
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, W'ashington, D.C. - Price 5 rents
WE DO OUR P1
AND MAILING INDUSTRY
AS SUBlulITTED ON AUGUST 29, 1933
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in 2011 with funding from
University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries with support I Iom LY/RASIS an~d t1e Sloan~ Foundation
SUBZMITTIED BY T'HE COMMERCIAL DUPLICATING AND M~JAILING
Application to thie President of the United States for a Code of
'a~ir Competition for the Commercial Duplicating and Mar~iling Indus-
try, under the provisions of Section 3, Title I, of the Act entitled "An
Act to Encurage National Industrial Recovery, T~o Foster Fair Comn-
petition anrd To Provide for the Construction of Certain Useful Public
Wo7~rks for Several Purposes."
To effectuate the policy of Title I of the N~ational Induustrial
Recovery Atct, the following provisions are established as a Code of
]Fair Competition for the Commercial Duplicating and Mailing
1. LABOR CODE
1. Collectfrle ~Bargaining.-In conformity with the provisions of
Section 7a of the National Industrial Recovery Act, the attitude of
this industry with respect to the labor of employees shall be as
(AL) That employees shall have the right to organize and bargain
collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall
be free from interference, restraint, or coercion. of employers of labor,
or their agents, in the designation. of such representatives or in self-
organization or in ot her concerted activities for the purpose of
collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection;
(B) That no employee and no one seeking employment shall be
required as a condition of employment to join any company union
or to reframn from 30mmig, orgamizmg, or assisting a labor organization
of his choosing; and
(C) That employers shall comply wvith the maximum hours of
labor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment,
approved or prescribed by the President.
2. Child Labor.--On and after the effective date of this Code, no
person under the age of sixteen years shall be employed in. a Com-
mercial D~uplicating anld/or Mailing establishment, except that
persons between fourteen and sixteen may be employed for not to
exceed three hours per day, anld these hours between 7 A.M. anrd
7 P.M. in such work as will not interfere with hours of day school.
3. 2Maximum ~Tours and Mlinimutm Wges.--(A) On and after the
effective. date of this Code no individual or organization producing
zand/or selling Comzmercial Duplicating and/or Mailing Service shall
work any office worker or assistant supervisor an average of more
thzanr forty hours per weekb for any six months' period; not shall they
work any production worker an average of more than forty hours a,
week for any six mon~lths' period; and the maximnum hours of wFork
for any one week for any production wvorkcer shall be fort~y-eight hours.
8956-833 11 1
TENTATIVE CODEF OF FAIR: COMPETITION
(B) Eremptions ---The following shall be exempt from the maxi-
muml hours of work pro-visions:
(1) Outside salesmenl.
(2) Tra~veling representatives.
(3) Executives and members of the mann~gring staff receiving
$35.00 or more. per week, if paid time and a third for
all hours over 48 hours.
(4) Owners, copartners, or corporate officers.
(C) Emergency W~ok.-T~hese! limitations shall not applyI to etm-
ployees when emergency orders must be produced, provided that.
suchL extra hours beyond eight hours in any one day shall be paid for
at the rate of not less than one and a third times the regular hourly
(D) On and after the effective date of this Code Commercia~l Dupli-
cat~ing and Manilingo Service producers anld/or sellers shall est~a.blish
minimum rates or wages for thre employees specified in. Section 3a, as
(a) For experienced ofice workers the minimum wage scale shall be
not less than $14.00 per week.
(b) FIior experienced production w~orke~rs~ the minimum scale for all
durplicating-machine operators shall be not less than forty cents per
hour; and for all other employees (except mlessengaers) shall be not
less thanl thirty cents per hour; for all messengers, shal be nrot less
thain. 25 cents per hour.
Except, that since it is the desire of the President of the U~nit~ed
States for each industry to absorb its own experienced employees
before undertaking to train. beginners and others, it is provided that
until D~ecemnber 31, 1933, learners and junior assistants shall not
exceed in number twenty percent of the experienced employees; and
shall receive not less than eighty percent of the mninimu~m w~age scale
for experienced operators or office workers, anld that in not less than
six weeks' time such. learnlers and junior as~sistant~s shall be advanced
to the minimum scale of pay for exper~ienlced operators in their class.
4. ~Not to reduce thle com~pensaltio~n for emlploymnent, now\ in excess
of the minimum wages hereby agreed to notwithstandingg that thle
hourls worked in such employment may be .hereby reduced).
5. Not to use anly subterfulge to frus~trate the spirit, andS intent of
this Code which is, amlongr other things, to incr~ease employment by a
universal covenant, to remove obstructions to commerce, and to
shorten hours and to raise wvages for thne shorter week to a living basis.
6. Not to inccrease the pri;ce of any service sold after the date hereof
over~I the prices on July 1, 1933i, by mnore thian is made~t necessary~ by
notual increases in produlcti vn, operatione, rrepineemn tt, or mnvowce
costs of se~rvicesc, or by- taxes or other costs :resultingI fromn action
taken puirirint to the Agricuflturl Adljustmnrlt Act since July 1,
1933;:, and, in s~t tingr suchn price inlclr:ases, tor givc full wcight1 to prob-
able increases in sales ~volume, andr tO reCfranin 1I(1 from taing~ pr'ofiteeringS
advanlrt~rnee of the (lo~lnsumin pub~lic.
7. To suppor(llt and pa:tr~om~ze establishmaents wh-lichl hanve signed the
President" 's~ll reemp.loymet agrreement aind aire listted a membecrs of
N.R.A. (NaTtio-nal Hrccvery' 3 .rldministration).
8. TPo cc-oopera~te to thle flllerst. extent in hiaving a complete Code of
Fai Copettin sbmitedbythiis indulstry at the earliest possible
date aind in any evenlt. helore Septembeher 1, 1933.
9. Adm rninisra~t;on .--(a) To effe~ct~uate further the policies of the
A~ct, under Section 2a of Title I of the N\ational Industrial Recover~y
Act, the Mail Ad~vertising Service Association International is nereby
appointed the agency to administer the full purposes of the Act inso-
far as they apply to the Commercial Duplicating and Mailing Industry
such Association being the only National Association in the! industry
and having been the only Nation~al Association in the industry for
the past fourteenr years. ~Membership in the Mail Advertising Service
Association Internatiolnal is open to all employing concerns, with no
restriction as to size or location.
(b) Th~e general duties and powers of thze agency inJ administering
this Code, restrictions on the administerin functions of such agency,
the method of organization of the Code Committee, supervisory
~control over the Code Committee, specific duties and powers of the
ICode Committee, are; all to be provided for by a fair method in the
complete. Code of Fair Competition to be submitted by this industry
to the President of the United States not later than September 1,
1933, to be approved by the Administrator.
(c) Suchi agency is also set up to cooperate with the Administrator
in :making investigations as to the functioning and observances of
any provisions of this Code at its own instance or on complaint of
:any person affected, and to report the same to the Administrator.
(d) This Code and al thie provisions thereof are expresslyg made
subject to the right of the President in accordance with the provision
of Clause 10(b) of the National Industrial Recovery Act, from time
to time to cancel, or to modify any order, approval, license, rule or
regulation, issued under Title I of said Act, and specifically to the
right of the President to cancel or modify his approval of this Code
or any condition imposed by him upon his approval thereof.
(e) Such of the provisions of this Code as are nrot required to be
included therein by the National Industrial Recovery Act may, with
the approval of the Pre~sidenlt, bet modified or eliminated as changes
in the circumstances or experience may indicate. It is contemplated
that from time to time supplementary provisions to this Code or
additional codes wil be submiltted for the approval of the President
to prevent unfair competition in price and other unfair and destrue-
tive competitive practices and to effectuate the other purposes anrd
policies of Title I of the National Industrial RecoveryS Act consistent
with the provisions thereof.
10. Efectivre Dlate ---his Code shall become effective September 1,
1933, anrd shall remain in effect until December 31, 1933, unless and
until superseded by the complete Code of the industry, which wil
be submitted not later thzan September 1, 1933.
H3. W., Os73onw,
PIeresident, 2M.A.S.A. Ininl.
By- H. C. BATES,
Vice-Presdlentf and Director, and Authorized
Code .Representative for the 2M.A.S.A. Intal.
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