IA 45 ----
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, W'ashington, D.C. - Price 5 cents
r* PO P II@* *
Registry No. 1128-01
NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
CODE OF FAIR COMPBETITION
~ST IRON SOIL PII
AS REVISED ON AUGUST 22, 1933
AS APPROVED ON SEPTEMBER 7, 1933
UNIV. OF= FL LIB.
DOC BE~S DE -
Do OUR PART
I. Executive Order of President Roosevelt
2. Report of Administrator
3. Report of Deputy Administrator
4. Text of Code
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFF~kH
WASHINGTON: 1933 >'I
SUBM ITTEED DY
CAST IRON SOIL PIPE ASSOCIATION
CODE OF FAiIR COMPETITION FOR THE CAST IRON SOIL
An application having been duly made, pursuant to aind in full
compliance with the provisions of Titl'e I of the National Indlustrial
Recovery Act, approved June 16, 193;3, for my) approval of a Code
of Fair Competition for the CaRst Iron Soil Pip~e Industry, andt hear-
ings having been held thereon andr the Adminiistrator hain\n rendered
his report containing an analysis of thie saidl C~ode of F~air C'ompeti-
tion together with his recommendations and findings w~ith respect
thereto, and the Adlministrator having foundl that the saidl C'ode of
Fair Competition complies inl all respects with the pertinent provi-
sions of Title I of said Act and thaRt the requirements of clauses (1)
and (2) of subsection (al) of Sectioni 3 of the aid~ Act have been mlet:
NOWV, THEREFORE, I, FR~ANKiLIN D. ROOSEVELT, PlOSldent Of
the Unit'ed rStates, pursuant to the authority vested in mne by~ Title I
of the National Industr~ial Recov~ery Act. approved Juine 16, 1933,
and otherwise, do a ppr~ove the report a nd recom mentions a nd
adopt the findings of the Ad~tministrantor andl do ordler that the said
Code of Fair Competition be, and it is hereby, approved.
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT.
Approval Recommended :
HUGH S. JoHNSON, Adiin~istrator'.
The TVHITE HOUSE,
Septemtber 7r, 1933.
NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMrINISTRATION,
W~tashington, D.C., Septemiber 7, 1933.
The Wh'ite House.
AfY DEAR bfa. PRESIDENT. I have the honor to submit and recom-
mend for your approval the Code of Fair Competition for the Cast
Iron Sjoil Pipe Industry. The Code has been approved by the
Labor Advisory Board, the Clonsumers Advisory Board, the Indus-
trial Advisory Board, and the Legal Division.
An analysis of th~e provisions of the Code has been made by the
Administration and a complete report is being transmitted to you.
I find that the Code compllies with the requirements of clauses 1
and 2, subsection (a) of Section 3 of the National Industrial Recovery
V'ery sincerely yours,
HUGH S. JOHNSON, Admiznistrator..
LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL
NATIONAL RECOV'ERY AlDIINTI.STRATION,
To General HUGH S. JOHNSON, AdRmitrfrtO Ik'.R.A.
I herewith submit to you dlocumnents relative to the Cast-Iron Soil
1. The Cast Iron Soil Pipe Code ns recommended by the Deputy
Adlm i nistra tor.
2. The Repor~t of the Deputy, explaining the Code, and giving on
opinion as to the probable result in effectuating the purposes of
3. Appendices, including Notice of Hearing, Statemnent of Proce-
dure? List of W~itnesses, Repor~ts of Advisers, and Transcript of
H. O. KIhTo, Deputy Admzini~strator.
AnousT 29, 1933.
T~o the Admnlisztr~ator:
TIhis is th~e rpor~t of: the Deputy Admninistrator to t~he Adminis-
tratfor on the application for and public hearing on a. Code of Fair
Compe'titionl of the Cast Iron Soil Pipe Industry.
The code wnas submnitted to the Adlministrator on July 22nd, 1933.
Hearing was conducted in Wanshingtonl on Auguist 2, 1933, and the
code rev~ised during a recess of this hearing and submitted in its
present form for ap~prov-al. Everyr person who requesteed an appear-
ancer was pro~perly heardt in accor~danlce with statutory and regulatory
r~equil~remnts. In addition to fo~nrml public notice, all known mem-
ber~1s of the industry were individlually notifiedl of thie hearing. Only
one firm has entered any material objections to t~he code as sub-
miitt ed. The d iscounts allowedl to plumbers have also been questioned.
The cod~e wats sponsored by th~e Cast Iron Soil Pipe Association,
representing~ overl 90412 of th industry.
The Cnat Iron Soii Pipe Industry is a r~ela7tively ilmall one, being
a specialty grey iron foulndr~y operation. Because the products of
the industry are used almost exclusiv-ely in buildings, the industry
has sufflered fromn the falling off of building op~erationis. Thiis is
indicated b~y a dr~op in tonnage froml 4TiG.000i tons in 19:!8 to 99,000
in 1935. Sixty pe~renlt of the tonnage is producedl in southern plants
andi forty1 percent in northern p~lants.
DrraT oNu WAICES
Labor rates indiente that the pre ent raote of wages in t~he south is
as low as a dollar a dlay for tenl hours' w~orki and averages about $1.40
a day2. In thle north it runs from $2.00) to> $2.25 a dlay. Rates agreed
on in conferences between Inb~or advisors andl the inldustryS resulted
in a ra~te of thirtyT-twF" o 'entfs anl hour in the south andl fortyr cents an
hlour in the norh The Planiningr andi Research Division reports
that whlile thiis is a part-time indlustryv at present, this increase in
labor ra~tes will brlinlg the pur1chasing power of those emnployred- up to
ap~proximately the level of 19e9.
How~ever, it is impossible to absorb inl this industry all employed
in 19',9, but writh any revival in the building industry, a material
impr'ov."ementwill be mlade.
REPORT OF DEPUTY
Ri.snnt or CODE
SECTION 1.. Dejill/HONs.--Th ese wer~e c r~efullly checked and they
accurately limit the operations of this codle to th~is~ specific industry.
SEC'. 3. Minimu112m r'ate pary.--Thirty-two cents ain hourr in the south;
forty cents an hour in the north. The only exemiption is for learners
during the three months' apprenticeship.
SEC. 4. akViff~li tum2 oulOU.--Twen ty-seven hlou rs a week for fou nd ry
operations;; forty hours a week for office. The only7 exceptions are
exec~utives, officers, and their supervisory staff's.
SEC. 5. In addition to the 16-year age limitation, a further limita-
tion w~as agreed uipon, namely, the prohibition of the employment
of anyone under the agee of 18 in foundry operations that might be
SEC. 6. Limlits the operation of productive equipment. to twenty-
seven hours a weekB. Only one objection was raised to this restric-
tion atnd in view of the tremendous excess capacity of th~e indlustry,
this a ppea rs to be a proper rest rict ion to contrIol ove~p production.
SEc. r;. Sets up t~he Cast Iron Soil Pipe Association as a fair p~rac-
tice agency and an agency for collecting dlata on th~e indluctry~. Objee-
tion of one manufacturer made in the hearing was withldrawTn in a
SEC. s. prOVIdleS fOr an open price structure and filing of prices
with the Associationi. No limnitation is put upon the prices any' firm1
It is essential to point out her~e that this industry, while small,
is a part of the large plumbing goods indlustry and any decision here
would have a. material effect and possibly set a precedlent for the
whole plumbing goods industry.
In 1888 the Rlaster Plumbers of the United States met in Balti-
more, M~d., and agreed that they would not buyr from any manufac-
turer or wholesaler who sold direct to the consumer.
This arrangement. was particularly effective and for many years
it was practically impossible for any consumer to buyr any plumbing
equipment from anyone but a plumber, whio in turn inl almost every
ncas insisted on installingr theP equipment or ma~king the repairs.
About twenty-five years ago, the: mail-order houses entered the
field and a bitter fight has been waged ever since. The mail-ordler
houses have made very considerable headlway and in 1990 one firm is
reported to have transacted thirty million dollars' worth of business.
In order to obtain material and supplies, the manil-order houses
have patronized certain concerns in each branch of the plumbing
goods business and these concerns have in turn been to a large extent
boycotted by the wholesalers andi plumbers.
As a result, there has developed in the plumbing goods industry
two groups of manufacturers--one smaller group selling to mail-
order houses and the other larger group selling only through the
wholesaler and plumber.
The Cast Iron Soil Pipe Association, dominated by those manu-
facturers selling through the wholesaler and plumbers, originally
insisted on eliminating the mail-order houses, but in conference agreed
that these concet-ns had definitely estanblished- a place in the industry,
bought in large quantities, carried stocks, and were entitled to prices
equal to their most favored cus-tomers, buying as they did in equally
At th~e Public HeIa~ring n~o one r~epresenting the plumbers appeared
or entered any objection.
Three weeks after the public hearing over a hundred telegr~ams
were sent to this Admninistr~ationl from organizations of plumbers
protesting the rating of mail-or~der houses anld demanding that the
mail-ordler houses he classified as retailers.
A representative group was invited to Washington to present their
case. They insisted that mlail-ordlerr houses be put in the same classi-
fication as plumbers regardless of the fact that mail-order houses
pur'ch'a.ed in;1 Isrge quantities, carried stocks, and had a material
inv-estmnent in thetsie stock~s.
They advrised that unless their dlemands wTer~e granted they would
flood thle Admuinistratoo r w~ith telegrams from the fifteen thousand
p~lumnberysof the country.
The mail-order houses buying in large volume could easily set up
w-holesale p~luminbig divisions anid the plumbers could gamn nothing
by hiaving the mail-order houses classified as retailers.
Regardless of the question of the merit of mail-order merchan-
dlising, the facts ar~e that they have established themselves in our
economic systemn, and it w~ouldl be unfair to dliscrimninate against them.
Th~erefore, in spite of the threat, of the plumbers, I feel that the
price strulcturle, outlined is fair.
SE('. 9. Provides for reccomlmendations as to mnodifications of the
S~c~s. 2, 10, 11, 1~2, 13, 14, 15, andr 16. No objection was made to the
provisions of these sections of the code at the hearing.
I find th~at-
(a) This code complies in all respects with the pertinent provisions
of Title 1 o~f the Act, including without limitation subsection (a)
of Section 7 and subsction (b) of Section 10 thereof.
(b) Thle Cas~it Iron Soil Pipe Aissoc~iation to be truly representative
of t~he soil plipe industry. The By~lawsf of this association provide no
inequitable restrictions to membe~rshlip.
(c) Thle code is not. designed to promote monopolies or to eliminate
or op~press small enterp~riser anod will not operate to discriminate
against them~ and will tend to effectuante thle policy of Title I of the
National Indulstrial Recoveryr Act.
(01) Th~e Labor, Industr~ial, and Consumiers' Advisory Boards are
fully satisfiedl with the rcode as now presented. The Legal Depart-
mnirt has checked it as to formn and hlas approved it.
Th~e Cast Iron Yoil Pipe Association has shown a very cooperative
spirit during thle submiission and revision of th~is code and has revised
it in accordlance with thle suggrestions of the various advisory boards
anld ha3s w\ithdlrawn p~ovisions originally asked for to which serious
objection wasu made. .I: believe it will fairlyv and honorably administ-
terr the code.
I recommend. therefore, that the code be approved.
H. O. K(INo, Deputy AdmnliszEtrator.
NATIONAL RECOVERY' ADMINISTRATION CODE OF
FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE CAST IRON SOIL PIPE
AS REVISED AND SUBMIITTED TO THE ADMINISTRATOR, AUGUST
To effectuxate the policy of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act;, during the period of emergency, by reducing and
relievng unemIploymenlnt, ;nmimprovn standards of labor, eliminating
competitive practices destructive to the interests of the public;
rehabilitating the Cast. Iron Soil Pipe Industry, and by increasing
the consumption of industrial and agricultural production by in-
creasingr puirchaing power, and in other respects, the following pro-
visions are established as a Codle of Fair Comnpetition for the Cast
Iron Soil Pipe Industryr:
1. (a) The termi association '' as: used herein means the Clast Iron
Soil Pipe Association.
(b) The termi cast-iron soil pipe as used herein mneans pipe used
for carrying soil and liquid waste matter from plumibingr fixtures
of buildings into the main sewer systeml, also for ventilating purposes
in connection with plumibing systems within buildings, andl for
carrying other liquids where not undier pressure. It is ma nufact~ured~
in lengths of five (5) feet only, and in diameter ranging from
2 inches to 15 inches, w~ithi a wall thickness of 1-s inchi to T7 inch~.
Soil pipe is manufactured fromt pig ir~on and scr~ap iron by' casting
horizontally in green sand mnolds anid green sandl cores--by t~he hand-
rammning stripping-plate meth~ods. Its process of manufacture and
uise is not comparable with cast-iron pressure p~ipe, whichi is manu-
factured in lengths of six (6) to eighteen (18) feet by t.he pit
cast and centrifugal methods, and ranges in diameter from two
(2) to ninety-six (96) inches, and is used for carrying liquids and
gas under pressure.
(c) The terms fittings and plumbers' cazst-iron specialties as
used herein means cast-iron soil-pipe fittings and east-iron service,
valve, roadway and meter boxes, and other cast-iron specialties used
in connection withl plumbing systems within and outside of build-
ings, but not including plumbing fixtures and valves.
(cl) Por th~e purpose of this Code the w~holesaler of plumbing
supplies is defined but without limitation as an individual, partner-
ship, corporation, or other entity, who has a substantial investment
in his business, who buys in bulk quantities, maintains a warehouse,
and a suffici~entlyr comPlete stock of plumbing supplies to meet all
normal requirements, whose major business is selling to contractors,
retfailers, or others who purchase for reselling and who maintain
complete offce, sales, and delivery service, and who does not per-
form directly or indirectly thle functions of a contractor.
(e) For thle purpose of this Code a plumber is defined as one
who1 repairs or installls plumnbing eqiuipmecnt of every character, who
purchases plumbing sup-plies for installationI or for resale as personal
(f) For the puriipse of th~is Code a "' Direet-to-vou ?' or "L Mail
Orderl HEourse '" is defined as an indlividual, p~artner~sip, corporation,
or other entity who hias a substantial investment. in his business,
whlo buys in bulk qluantities, who maintains a warehouse and a suffi-
ciently complette stock of plumibing~ fixtulres to meet. all normal re-
quirements, whose major business is selling to the consumer.
(g) W~herever thec word industry appears in this Code it. means
thle Cast Iron Soil Pipe Industry.
2. This Code shall be in effect commnencing~ the first M~onday fol-
lowing its approval byT the 1P1eresident.
3. (a) On and after th~e effective date, the minimum wages that
sh~all be panid by emplloy~ers in thle Cast Ironi Soil Pipe Industry to
any of their employees, exPcept learners during a three months' ap-
prenticeship, shall be at the rate of thirty~-two (32) cents per hour
for commllon Inb~or when emlploy'ed in the South~ andl at the rate of
forty cen~ts (40) per hiour for common labor when employed in the
Eastern, Western, and' Pacific C'oast sections of the United States.
(b)Fo te purpose of this Coder the Sourth comprises the terri-
tory South of the Ohio andi Potomac Riverrs and East of the Mis-
(c) For the pulrprose of the C~ode thle Easter~n, W\ester~n, and Pacific
Cost sections comp~r~ise the balance of the United States.
4. (a) On and after the. effectivec dlate tw~enty-seven (27) hours
will be the maximum houlrs of labor per week~, except as hereilnbelow
(b) The maximlum hours for clerks, booktkeepers5, and stenog-
raphers shall be forty houzrs per w~eeki, not exceeding eight hours in
any one day.
(c) Executive officers andc their sup~ervisory staffs are excluded
from any of thee provisions relating to maxsimumn hoursa, as provided-
in this Section 4.
5. On and after the effective date employers inl the Cast Iron Soil
1Pipe Indlustry shall not employ any minor under th~e agre of sixteen
years, provided that no person under the age of eighteen years shall
be employed in any foundry operation that might be t~erm'ed ha~zard-
ous, and provided further that w-here a State law specifies a higher
minimum age no person below the age so specified shall be employed
within that State.
6. On and after the effective dlate members of the Cast iron Soil
Pip~e Industry3 shaill n1ot oplerate prodCILucI~tive equlllipent In saidL indusll-
try for more than twenty-seven hours per w~eek or a schedule of hours
gr~eater than is provided in the Code for Labor.
7i. W'ith a view to keeping the President of. the United St~ates and
the Administrator informed as to the observance or nonobservance
of this Code of Fair Competition, and as to whether the Cast Iron
Soil Pipe Indlustry is taking app~ropriate steps to effectuate, the
dlcaeclre policy of t~he National Indlustrial Recovery Act, every
person engagredl in the Cast Iron Soil Pipe Industry will furnish
duly certified reports in substance as follows, and in such form as
may hereinafter be provided:
(a) Mfonthly report of the number of people employed, Gbow-
ing increase or decrease, the number of man hours worked per day,
classificabtion and rates of pay, together with any changes occurring
during the month.
(b) Mionthly report of production of cast-iron soil pipe and
fittings and plumbers' cast-iron specialties.
(c) Mfontbhly report of shipments of cast-iron soil pipe and fittings
and plumbers' cast-iron specialties.
(d) Mionthly report of total inventory of finished goods.
(e) Mlonthly report of unfilled order~s.
(f) Mlonthly report of delinquent, accounts.
The Cast-Iron Soil Pips Association, or successor associations, t~he
applicant herein, is hereby constituted the age~ncy t~o collect and
receive such reports. It is undlerstood. however, that the individual
reports of each manufacturer shall be kept confidential and shall
not be disclos~ed to any other member of the industry.
8. To effectuate the policy of Title I of the National Inidustrial
Recovery Act andl subject to the approval of the Administrator, the
methodl of selling cast-iron soil pipe, fittings, and plumbers' cast-ironi
specialties shall conform t~o the specimen uniform sales contrnets
for t~he various classes of purchasers- wh~iolesalers, plulmbers.. Di-
rect-to-Y~ou or Miail Order House "', andl municipal andl Federal
govern men ts--copies of wh ich a re showr n i n A ppendix A attachled.
9. To further effectuatee the policies of tihe National Indlustrial
Recovery Act, the Cast Iron Soil Pipe Association, the applicant
herein, or such; successor association as may~ her~eafter be constituted
byV the action of the Cast-Iron Soil Pipe MalnufacturerIs, and three
persons without vote, appointed by the Presidenlt of the Unitedl
States, shall constitute an agency to cooperate with the Adminis-
trator as a planning and fair practice agency for the Cast-Iron Sioil
Pipe Industry. Suchl persons appointed by the President shall at
all times have, access to all records of the Associationl ~. Sch agency
may from time to time present to the Admiinistrator recomnmendn-
tions based on conditions in the industry as they m~ay develop from
time to time whlichl will tend to eff~ectuante the operation of thle pro,-
visions of this Code and the policies of the RNationatl Indlustrial
Recover Act, andl inl particular along~ the followings lines:
(a) Recomlmendations as to the requirements by the Adml~inis-
trator of such~ further reports from persons engalgedl in thle Cast-Iron
Soil Pipe Industry, of statistienl information andl keeping of uni-
form eaecounts as may be required to secure the proper observance
of the Codle a~nd promote the proper balancing of p~roduction and
consumption, and the stabilization of the industry and employment.
(b) Recommendantionls for dealing with any inequalities that miay
otherwise arise to endanger the stabilityr of the industry and of pro-
duction and employment. Such recommnendlations, whlen a pprovedl
by the President of the United States, shllnl have th~e same force and
e~ff.ct as any other provisions of this Code. Such agency is also set
up to cooperate with the Administrastor ml making investigations as
to the functioning~ and observance of any of the provisions of this
Codle, at its own' instance or on complaint of any person affected, and
to repcr~t the same to the Admlinistrat.0r.
10.- If formal complaint is miade to the Cast.-Iron Soil Pipe Asso-
elationr that the provisions o~f this Code have been violated bly any
empllloye~r the Planning and7 Fair Practice Agency provided for in
section 9 shall investigated the facts and to that end miay enuse such
examnination or undlrit to be made as may be necessary.
11. ForJ1 al! purlposes of the Codle the nets dle~scribedl as follows
shall constitulte urnfair methodls of competition:
(a) Selling or offering to sell any products of the Cast-Iron Soil-
Pipe Ind~ustry w\ithl intent to deceive purchansers o~r prospective pur-
chasers as to the quantity, qualityl size, gradel, w~eigh~t, or substance
of such product.
(b) The accepjtanlce of orders for Inegfe quantities of pip~e, fittings,
or p'lumnbers' cast-iron s~pecialties by mannufact~urers except for a
specific b~uildling operation and thien ma~king small deliveries at
quantity prices for thle purpose and' withl the effect of discriminating
(c) WSlithholdingf from or iniserting~ in the invoice facts which
nurke thne invoic-e a false r~ecordt, wh~olly or in part, of the transac-
tionl r~epresentedd on the face thereof, and of thle payment or allow-
ance of secret recbates, refunds, credits, uniearnedl discounts, whether
in thle for~m of money or otherwise; or the extension to certain pur-
chasers of services or pri~vileges~ not. extendedr- to all purcl~hasers ulndrl
(d) To sell any product below thle rea~sonalble cost. of suchl product.
For this p~urpose cost is dlefinedl as th~e cost of direct labor plus the
co.t of material pilus anr adequate~ amount of overhead~, including an
amount for thel u-;e of any plant facilities emnploy,~ed as determined
by cost-accouinting methods recognized in thle indlustry (and ap-
pr'ovedC by the agency established in pa7ragraph IX, sup>ra).
(e) Quotingl a. total or lump-sum prices on any schedule of pipe,
fittings, andc phlunbe~rs' cast-iron specialties which does not show unit
prices generanll~y conceals confidential preferential andt resullts in
most instances in fraud in the substitution of products of inferior
quality, grade, w~eight, style, or size. which~ is detrimental to the
interest of the public anid the industry, and any addition or deduc-
tion on any other basis than the unit price shown is price discrimi-
(f) The sale of pipe, fittings. and plumibers' cost-iron specialties
to dealersi of one ClaSS at a price identical writh the price established
for dealers of another class.
12. Berginningr withl the effective date of this Code no member of
the industryv shall manke or enter into any agreement or contract the
effect of wh~ichl will amnounlt to the sale and or delivery of pipe a~nd
fittings on. consignment.
13. Eachl mainufacturer shall, within seven (7) days after the ef-
fect~ive date of the Clode, file writhl the Association a list showing the
list price andt basic discounts for cast-iron soil pipe and fittings; and
from and after the expiration of such seven (7) days such members
shall at all times mainntain on file wFithl the Association a list showing
the list prices an1d basic discounts for all their pipe and fittings. and
shall not make any change in such list prices and /or basic discounts
except as herein provided. Each such list shall state the date upon
which it shall become effective, which date shall be not less than ten
(10) days after the: date of filing such list with t~he Association.
None of the list prices and/or basic dliscounts shown in any list filed
by any member of the Code as herein provided shall be changed
except by the filing byr such member with the Association of a new
list of its list prices and,'or basic discounts which shall become effee-
tive on the effective date therein specified, which shall not be less than
ten (10 days after the date on which such new list prices and~,'or
basic discounts shall have been so filed. Departure from the prices
so published as herein provided shall constitute an unfair practice.
List prices filed with the Association pursuant to this section shall be
comnmunicatedl promptlyr to all mnember~s at exactly the same timue and
in like manner.
14. Membership in the Association shall be extended to malnufac-
turers of cast-iron soil pipe, fittings, and plumbe-~trs' cast-iron spe-
cialties-to any person, partnership, cor~poration, or other entity in
the Cast-Iron Soil Pipe Industry who necepts his share of the cost
and responsibility therefore andl agrees to abidle by the rules therefore;
provided, however, that there shiall be no inequitable restrictions
placed upon membership in the association.
15. (a) This Ciode and all provrisionsi thereof are expressly made
subject to the right of the President, in accordance withi the provi-
sion of Clause 10 (b) of the National Industrial Recovery Act, from
time to timie to cancel or modify any order, approval, license, ruile,
or regulation, issued under Title I of said Act, and specifically to
the right of the President to cancel or modify his approval of thlis
Code or any conditions imposed b~y him upon his approval thereof.
(b) Such of the provisions of this Code as are not required to be
included therein by the National Industrial Recovery Act mauy, with
the approval of the President, be modifiedl or elimiinated as changes
in the circumstances or experience may indicate. It is contemplated
that from time to time supplementary provisions to this Code or
additional codes will be submitted for the approval of the Presi-
dent to prevent unfair competition in price and other unfair and
destructive competitive p~ractices and to effectuate the other purposes
and policies of Title I of the Nationlal Inidustrial Recovery Act con-
sistent with the provisions thereof.
16. Employers in the Cast Iron Soil Pipe Industry shall comply
with the requirements of Section 7 (a) of the National Industr~ial
Recovery Act, as follows:
That employees shall have the right to organizeP and banrrgain
.collectively through representatives of their own choosing, andl shall
be free from the interference, restraint, or coercion of employers
of labor or their agents in the desigrrnation of such representativ e or
self-organizat~ion, or in other concerted2 activities for t.he purpose of
collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection; that no
employee and no one seeking employment shiall be required as a
condition of employment to join any union or to refrain fromm join-
ing, organizing, or assisting a labor orga nizat ion of hiis own choosing;
and that employers shall comply with the maximum hours of labor,
minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment approved
or pr~esc~ribed b~y the Presidlent."'
ALABAMAB PIPE COMIPANY',
AsNIswon Son, PIPE COMrPANY,
ANNisTow FliOUNDRY CIOMPAN;VY,
B3ESSCEMER SouI. PIPE WORKSd,
~EUFFAP' LO PIPE c~FOUSDRY COCR-
CENTRAL F(OUNDRYP COM~IPANY,
CHARBLOTTE, PIPE & OUNT SDRY C1OM\-
CHOW\N PIPE & FOUNDRY COMi-
EASTERN FOUNDRY COMIPAN'Y,
EaST PENSN I;OUNDRYI C~OM1PANY,
ESSEX FOUNDRY COMPANY,
GOSLIN-BIRMINGA KCIJCnFG. COM-
INTERSTATE FOUNDRY COMPANY,
JAK~ES IiOUNDRY- COllPANY,
J. I). JOHNSON COM1PANY,
KCILBY PIPE COMIPA NY,
MEDI[NA FOUNDHY. COMIPANY,
RIEDINA\ ITRON $ TEHASS COMPANY,
NATIONAL FOUN'DRY CO. OF N. 1Y.,
]PACIFIC STArTES CAST IRON PIPE
RUTDIST"ILL FOUNDRY COMPANY,
READING FOUNDRY & UP. COML-
SOM\ERV.ILLE TRON. ORKS?
SOUTHERN PIPE c&FOUNDRY COMr-
SALE I3RASS ~ RON RIFG. COM~-
STRINGiER BROS. COM PA NY,
SAN~ITARYt PIPE COMPANY,
SOUTH-ERNr liIPE & FOUNhDRY CO.,
SANITARY COMIPANY Or AMERICA
WETTER PIPE ClOMPANY,
TYTALWORTH ArLABAMTA COMPANY,
AI. WIEISKTTTEL SON COMPANY,
HARnY C. TVEISKIITTEL COMLPANY.
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