Code of fair competition for the steel joist industry as approved on August 1, 1934


Material Information

Code of fair competition for the steel joist industry as approved on August 1, 1934
Portion of title:
Steel joist industry
Physical Description:
p. 63-92 : ; 24 cm.
United States -- National Recovery Administration
United States Government Printing Office
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Steel joists -- Law and legislation -- United States   ( lcsh )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )


Additional Physical Form:
Also available in electronic format.
General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Registry No. 1142-06."
General Note:
"Approved Code No. 495."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004939865
oclc - 63655342
System ID:

Full Text




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Wlashington, D.C. Price 5 cents

Registry No. 11412--08

Appaud Code No. 495








This publication is for sole by the Superintendent of Documents. Government
Printing: Office. W~asbing~ton, D.O., and by district ofhees of the Burea~u of
Foreign and Dormestic icomm~rce~.

Atlanta, Ga.: 504 Post O~flfce Building.
B3irmingham, Ala.: 257 F'ederal .Luildling.
Boston, Mass. : 1801 Custombouse.
Buffalo, N.Y.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Charleston, S.C.: Chamber of Commerce Buildling.
Chicago, Ill.: Suite 1'706, 201 North Wells Street.
Cleveland, Ohio: Chamuber of Commerce.
Dallas, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Detroit, Mich.: 801 Fiiirst N~ational Bank Building.
Houston, Tex.: Chamblll~ er of Commerce Building.
Indianapolis, Ind.: C~hamllber of Commerce Bul~cding.
Jacksonville, Fla.: Chamber of Commnerce Building.
Kansas City, Mo.: 1028 Baltimore Aveniue.
ZLos Angetles.~ Calif.: 1163 South Broadway;l.
Louisville, Ky.: 408 Federal Building.
Memlphis, Tenn.: 229 Fedecral Building.
M~inneafpolis, M~inn.: 213 Federal Building.
New Orleans, La.: Room 225--A, Customhuse.jsc
New Yorkz, N.Y.: 734 Custombouse.
N'orfollk, Va.: 406 East P~lum~e Street.
Ph~ilade'lllpif Pa.: 422 Clnuner1ei~nl Trust Building.
Pittsblur~h. Pa.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Portland, Oreg.: 215 New Post Office Building.
St. Louis, Mo.: 506 Olive Street.
San Fran31ch-.Co, Calif.: 310 Custombouse.
Seattle, WF7ash.: 809 F'edleral Office D~uildling.

Approved Code No. 495



As Approved on August 1, 1934


An application having been duly made p~ursunnlt to and in full
compliance with the provisions of T~itle I of the Nationlal Industrial
Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, for approval of a Code of
Fair Comnpetition for th~e Steel Joist Industry, and hearmgs having
been duly held thereon and the annexred report on sa~id Cotde, con-
taining findingrrs with respect thereto, having been made and directed
to t~he President:
NOWV, THEREFORE, on behalf of the President of the United
States, I, H-ugh S. Johnson. Admninistrator for Inus-trial Recovery,
pursuant to authority vested in me by Executive Orders of the Pres-
idlent, including Executive Order No. 6543-A, dated December 30,
1933, and otherwise; do hereby in~orp~orate by: reference said annexedi
report and do find that said Code complies in all respects withl the
pertinent provisions and will promote the policy and purposes of
said Title of said. Act; and do hereby order that said Code of ]Fair
Competition be and it is hereby apprloved; provided, however, that
the following changes be, and the same hereby> are madle:
(1) That Section 4 of Schedule "'A"', Paragralphs 1 to 21. inclusivPe;
and Section 5 of Sche~dule "A~" be, and the sa me hereby are eliminated.
(2) That Section 3 (a) of Schedule "A" be and the same hereby
is eliminated, and2 in. lien thecreof, the following paragraph be, and
it is hereby inserted:
Until changed by atmendment to the Code as her~einbefor~e in
Article VI provided, the minimum rates of pay per hour which shall
be paid by members of the I~ndustry for common labor in the Indus-
try shall be forty cents (404) per hou~r except that: In the States of
Louisiana, Tennessee, North Carolinn, South Carolinla, Georgin, Ala-
bam~a, Flor~ida, Miississippi, Texas and V~irginia the minimum r~ate
for such workers shall be not less than thirty-four cents (34 ) per
hou r."`
(3) That Article X be, and the same hereby is, amended to read
as follows:


77C000*-104-- 34 1

"L The Co~de shall continue in effect until Junet 16, 1935, or until
anly earlier date upon which the Act shall cease to be in effect. Upon
the terminat~ion of the Code in the! manner hereinbefore provided,
all ob~ligrations and liabilities under th~e Code shanll cease, exctept those
for unpaid assessments thneretofore made inl accordance with, the pro-
visions of the Code and those for liquidated danmagres which masy
have theretofore acernecd urmler any provisions of the Code."
and provided, fPurther, that within ninety (90) days I may direct
that there be a further hearing on such. of the provilsions of this
Code as I may designate, and that any order which I may makhe
after such hearl~ng~ shall have the effect of a condition on the ap-
proval of said Coode.
Hnon S. JoINSNow
Admr'inistrator for TInidu~tria Ricovrery.
Approval recommended :
Division A1dmnz ista~tor.
Aug~ust 1i, 1934.,


The Whii~te House.i
SIR: This is a report on the Code of Fair Com~petition. for the
Steel Joist Industry as revised after public hearing conducted in
Wlashington on Decem~ber 11th, 1933, in accordance with the provi-
sions of the National Industrial Recovery Act.

This Industr~y, likre the Reinforcingr M;aterials Fabricating Indus-
try, has developed from a group of Specialists ]Engineering orgami-
zations developing and promoting the use of various types of steel
joists in this country. This Code is drafted along lines paralleling
the Reinforcing Manterials Fabricating- Industry's Codle. Although
the Industry is small, the public has greatly benefited by its activities
in promoting new products and types of construction and will no
doubt continue to do so.


Except in t~he case of executives, those employed in supervisory
capacities and in technical work, receiving thirty-fiv-e dollars 7$35.00)
per wveek or over and those employed in emergency work involving
breakdowfns or requiring protection of life and property, employees
in the Steel Joist Industry are limited to forty (40) hours per weekr
during any one-half ( %)7 calendar year, except during seasonable
periods a maximum of forty-eight (48) hours during not more than
six (6) weeks in any one-half (1/) calendar year' or more than eight
((8) hkourswer in any one (1) day~, or more than sixz (6) days in anyT one
Persons employed as watchmen may be employed not more than
fifty--six (56) hours in any week; six (6) diays in any week or te~n
(10) hours in any day. Clferical employees shall not be permitted to
work: more than forty (40) hours in any one (1) week or more than
eight (8) hours in any one (1) day.
No reclassification of employees for the purpose of defeating the
purposes of the ALct is permnittedl, and no employee is permiittedl to
work mnore: than, the specified mnaximlum hours whethr for one or
mlore employers.
N(o person under sixteen (16) years of age is permitted to work
in thle Industry,, and no person under eighlteen (18) years of age? shall
be employed inl any shop.
Th~e Order of Aipproval eliminates the wage districts and rates in
the Cod,(e which~ ranged from tw~enty-five cents (25 ) to forty cents
(40(C) in twenty-one districts, and establishes mninimium rates of
t'hirty~-four cents (344) in the South and forty cents (40d) elsewhere.
The order also elimlinates the provision whereby the Code could have

been terminated at the will of ninety per cent (90%b) of the members
of the Industry.

The Industry for the first ten (10) months of 1933 operated at
about ten and one-hialf per cent (101/2Cr) of the 1929 peak volume,
wchen employees numbered approximately: nine hundred (900). The
present number of employees is about nineteen per cenlt (10%~) of
the number employed during that period, or one hundred sevePnt~y-
two (172). To increase emplloymecnt to the 19~29 level it would
Iireqire'~ thl-e 1980 volume of business and a thirty (30) hour week.

The ssitan DeutyAdministrator in his final report to me on
said Code~ having found shri e ot n ntebsso l
the proceedings in thiis matter :
I find that:
(a) Said Code is well designed to promote, the policies and pur-
poses of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery3 Act, includting
removal of obstructions to the free flow of in-terstate and foreigan
commerce which tend to diminish thne amount thereof and will pro-
vide for the general welfare by promoting the organizations of indus-
try for the purpose of coonperativep action among~n the trade groups,
by inducing and maintaining united action of labor and m~anag;pemen
und~er adc.quante governmental sanlctionrs andj superv~isioni, by elimina~t-
ing unfair ciompe,~ttitve. practices, by promoting the fullest. possible
ultlizationl of the present productive capacity of industriess by avloidl-
mng undue restriction of production (except as mnay Ibe temnporarily
requiredd, by in.crea~sing rthe consumption of industrial andl aIgricul-
tuxllral pucts through inlcreas-ingr purchasing powe\'cr, by; reducing
and relieving unemployment, by improving standards of labor, and
by otherwise rehabl~ilitain g indstr
(b) Saidt Industry normally employs not more! than 50,000 em-
pyee~s; and is not classified by me as a major indu ~try.
(c%) The Code as approved compies in all respecets with, the p~erti-
nent provisions of said Title of said Act, including without limlita-
tion Subsection (a) of Se~t icn 3, Subsect~ion (a) of Section 7, and
Subse~tct~ion (b) of Section 10 thereof; and that the app~licannt, asso-
ciation is an indlustr'ia association truly representative of the afore-
said I[ndustry; and thalt. said association imposes no inequitable re-
str~ictionrs on admission to membership therein.
(d) Thne Code is not des~igned to and will not permit monopolies
or monopolistic practices.
(e) The Code is not designed to and wFsill not eliminate or oppress
small enterprises and will not operate to discriminate agarinlst them.,
(f) Th~ose engagedt in other steps of the economic process have not
been d~epri ved of the right to be heard prior to approval of said Code.
For these reasons, therefore, I have approved this Code.
A dminiistrIat or.
AUGUrST 1, 11984.


To effectuate the policies of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, the following provisions are established as a Code of
Fair Competition for the Steel Joist Indlustrg,- and shall be the
standard of fair competition for such industry and shall be binding
upon every member thereof.

The term "L steel joistt industry as used herein is defined to mean.
the manufacture and sale of any steel joist, which product is defined
to mean and include any steel beam or truss shaped steel member
suitable for support~ingr floors and roofs when used for floor filling
between the mlain supp'orting girders, beams or walls. Steel joists
may1 be made of rolled shapes or strip ps of sheet steel, round ]bars,
angles or specially rolled bars riveted or welded together, or by
epandnring rolled shapes, or by any other mecthod- compiling with
th~e requirFements of the Standar~ds Specifications of thue Institute,
provided, however, that solid web> rolled structural beams or channel
sections are not to be considered steel joists for the purpose of this
definition or this Code.
The termn Institute shall mean thne Steel Joist Institute.
The term Secretary shall mean the secretary of tfhe Inrstitute
-then in office, who shall serve as an agent of the Code Aufthority
in the exercise of his functions hereunder.
The termn member of the industry includes any individual,
partnership, association, corporations or other person or form of
enterprise engngred in the industry, either as an employer or on his
own behalf.
The term1 "' member of the Code shall mean anly member of the
industry who has signed- and delivered to the Secret.a-ry a letter
substantially in accordance with the form contained in Schedule
" B "' attached hereto.
The term '" employee "" as used herein includes any and all persons
engaged in the industry, however compensated, except a member of
the industry.
The teri employer as used herein includes anyone by w'hom
such emnployee is compensated or employed.
The term "Act and '"Administrat~or "' as used herein shall mean
respectively Title 1 of the National Industrial Recovery Act, and
t~he .Administ~rator for Industrial Recovery.
SECTION 3.. 1110 prOVISions with respect to hours of labor, rates of
pay and other conditions of employment, set forth in Schedule "AL"

annexed hlereto, are hereby incorporated in and made a part of this
SECTroN 2. Pursuant to subsection (a) of Sectio~n 7 of the JNational
Indusl~trial Recvry~t~\ Aclt the. follow~ingr conditions are par1t;s of thlis
(1) Emp~loyees shall have the right to orga3nize and banrgain col-
lectively through represen~tatives of their own choos()ing, and shall be
free from the inter1fer~ence, restraint., or ccilon(. l of emln'oy-ers of
labor or their agentss' in the dlesignationl of such r~ep-resentat~ives or
in self-organization or in other concer~ted- activities for the pl~urpose'
of c~ollect~ive ba rg i ning or other mu1~tual aid or 1protZctionl.
(2) No employee and no one seeking employment shazll be required
as a condition of emnploymnent to jomn anly comlpanyS union or to
re ramn from joining, organizing, or assisting a laibor organrization
of his own choosing; and
(3) Employers shall comply withl the .maximum hours of labor,
minimum rates of pay, and other condlitions of emplloymnent, ap-
proved or prescribed by the Priesident.
SECTIONI 3. No person under sixrteen (16) years of age shall be.
employed in the industry. No0 person under eighteen (18) years of
age shall be employed in anly shop.
SECTON Oemploy'er shall reclassify employees or duties of
occupastions perfolrmedl or engage mn any other subterfuge for thre
purpose of defeating the~ purposes or provisions of the Act or of
this Code.
SECTrow~ 5. N~yo provisions of this Code shall superse~de anly State or
Federal law which impo~cse~s more stringent, requ~~i'"emets on members
as to age of employees, wag1es, hours of wJPork, or as to safety, h-eatlth,
sanitary or general wo~~lilrtm cond-itions, or ms~urance, or fire pro-
tection than are imiposed~c by this Code.
SEcTION 6. All employersz shall post complete copies of the labor
pr~ovisions of this Code in conspicurous places nece~esible to all


SECTIO)N. 1. (a) The administration of the Code shall be undler the
direction of the Code Authorityg which shall consist of the members
from time to time of the Board of Directors of the Institute, and
in adfdition thiereto t'her~e m~ay be not more than three (3) mlembers~
without vote, to be appointed by the Admlinistrator anld to se~rve
without ex~spense to the Indulstryp.
(b) To the Code authority as so constitutedl and established th
members of the Industry who are nlon-mnembersl~ of the Steel Joist
Institute may, if they so desir~e. elect one m~embe~r by a mrt'hod of
selection approved or prescribed by the ~Administrator.
SECTION 2. The Inlstitute shall (1) impose no :inequitable restric-
tions on membership, and (2) submit to the A~dministratorr true
copies of any Articles of A~ssociation, constitution and by-lawfs, rega-
ulations, and any amendments when made th~ereto.

SECTION 3. TH Order that the Code Authority shall at all times be
truly rep~resentative of thle Ind~ustry n nohrrepcscml
withtheproisins f te At, he administrator may provide, such
hearings as he may deem proper and, thereafter if he shall find that
the Code Authority is not truly~ representative or does not in other
respects comply w~ithl the p~rovrsions of the Act, may require an
appropriate modification in the method of its selection.
SECTION 4. Nothing contained in this Code shall constitute the
members of the Codle Authority or members of the Code partners
for any purpose. Nor shall any member of the Code Authlority or
member of t.he Code be liable ini any manner to any3oner for any act
of any other member, offcer, agent, or employee of the Code Author-
ityv or member of the Code. Nor shall any member of the Code
Authority, exer~cisinga reasonable diligence in the conduct of his
duties hereunder, be liable to anyone for any action or omission
to act under this Code, except for his own. wilful mnisfeasance or

SECTION 5. The Code Atuthority shall have the followringa powers
and duties to the extent permitted by the Act:
(a) To adopt by-laws and rules and regulations for its procedulre
and for thre administration and enforcement of the Code, in accord-
ance with the powers herein granted, and to submit; the same to the
Administrator together with true copies of any amendments or
additions w~hen made thereto, minutes of meetings when held, and
such -other information as to its activities as the Administrator may
deem necessary to effectuate the purposes of the Act.
(b) To obtain from members of the Indust ry, as soon as the neces-
sary readjustments within the Induxstry can be made, reports based
on periods of months or quarters, for u~se of the Code Authoriy and
t~he Administrator in the adml~inistration and enforcement o the
Codie, and for the information of the Pr~esid-en~t.. All individual
reports shall be kept confidential and only general summazries theerlof
maybez published.
()Under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the
Administrator, to receive complaints of violations of this Code, make
investigations and seek adjustments thereof and arrange and afford
hearings for such purposes and bring to the attention of the Adtmin-
isctrator for pr~osecution, recommendations and information relative
to unadjusted. violations.
(d) To- initiate, consider and make recommendations for the
miodlifcations or amendment of this Code, which, recommendations,
upon" th~e aPp'roval of the Administrantor, after such notice and hear-
ire as hie may sp~ecify, shall become. and have the effect of provisions
of this Code.
(e) It. belinga found nec~essaryJ to support the admi~nistrnt~ion of this
Code, in order to~ effectuante the policy of the Act and to maintain the
sta ndlard~s of fair competition established hereunder, the Code
Authority is authorized:
(1) To incur such reasonable obligations as are necessary and
proper,,, forth foegin purposes and t~o meet such obligations out
77000O"-04--l~-G--- 34-----2

of funds whch shall be held in trust for the purposes of the Code
and raised as hereinafter provided.
(2) T'o submit to the Administrator for his approval, subject to
such. notice and opportunity to be heard as he maay deem necessary:
(a) An itemized budget of its estimated expenses for tihe fore-
going purp'loses and
(b) An equitable basis upon which the funds necessary to
support such budget shall be contributed by all memnbers of the
Industry entitled to thie benefits accruing from the maintenance
of- such standar~ds,and the administration thereof.
(3) After such budget and basis of contribution have been ap-
proved~' by the Adlministrastor, to determine and collect equitable
colnt.lributonls as abo'e, set forth; and to that end, if necessary, to
instiitute: legal proceedlings thlerefor in its own namre.
(4) Each member of the Indurstry shall pay his or its equitable
contribution to the expenses of the maintenance of the Code Authority
determined as hereinab~ove provided and subject to rules and regu-
lations pertaining thereto issued by the Aidminis;tr~ator. Only mrem-
bers of the Industry complying with the Code and contributing to
thle expenses of its administration as her~einabove provided shall be
entitled to participate in the selection of the members of the Code
Aurthorityr, or to receive the benefits of any of its voluntary activities,
or to make use of any emblemr or insigmia of the National Recovery
(5) The Code Authority shall neither incur nor pay any obligaa-
tion in excess of the amount thereof as estimated in its approved
budget, except upon. approval of the Adm~inistrator; and no subse-
quent budget shall contain ainy deficiencyr item for expenditures inL
excess of prior budget estimates except those which. th~e Ahdministra-
tor shall have so approved.
(f) The Code Authority shall cause to be formulated methods of
cost finding and accounting capable of use by all members of the
Industry, and shall submit such methods to t~he Atdmainistrator for
review. If approved by the Adminlistrato~r, full. information con-
cerning such methods shall be made available to all members of the
Industry. Thereafter, each member of th~e Industry shall utilize
such methods to the extent found practienble. Nothing herein con-
tained shall be construed to permit the Code ~Authority, any agent
thereof, or any member of the Industry to suggest uniform addlitions,
percentages or differentials or other uniform items of cost whflic'h are
designed to bring about arbitrary uniformity of costs or prices.

SECTION 6. If the Administrator shall determine that any action
of the Code Authority or any agency thereof may be unfair or
unjust or contrary to the public interest, the Administrator may
require that such action be suspended to afford an opportunity for
invecstigratio~n of the merits of such action and further consideration
by the Code Authority or agency pending final action which shall not
be elfecctive unless the Admmnistrator approves or uness hie shall fail
to disappr~ove after thirty (30) days' notice to him of the intention
to pr~oceedt w~ith such action in its original or mnodified form.


SECTION 1. On and after thie effective date exce t as may be
required byF orders, contracts, areet rbd ae cetdo
then in e ffect, all steel joistsns shall be manuacuedi accordanceo
with the Standard Specifications for steel joists adopted by the
Institute, December 20), 1928, and revised to date as set forth ini
Schedule "' C ", or as further revised by the Institute subject to the
dlisapproval of the Administrator. The properties of all such joists
shall be in accordance with the Simplified Prac~tice Recommendation
R94i-30 of the Bureau of Standa`rds, Department of Commerce, and
revisions thereof. except that steel joists hav~ingr a wooden nailing
strip attached to the top chord and joists for speelal purposes outside
of the range of spans andi depths coveredl in such Recommlendationn
R94-30 mayS be designed and manufactured according to each man-
ufac~turer's standards of size and capacity.
SECTION 2. (a) On anrdafter the effective date all quotations of
lunmp sum bids for steel joists, accessories, a.nd/or slabh centePringr
materials, including nailer Joists and special joists outside of the range
of Simplified Practice Recoimmendatio~n R94-30 (all of which j oists,
accessories and materials are hereinrafter sometimes collectively re-
ferre~d to as steel joist materials) shall be made in accordance with
the Code of Standard Practice of ther Steel Joist Industry adopted
April 7, 1931, and revised to dalte as set forth in. Schedule D "
unless otherwise agreed as provided in paragaph 111 "LSCOPE oj
Section 1 of such Schedule D", except that notwithstanding the
foregaoinga provisions of this Sectio-n, all such quotations of lump sum
bids for steel joist materials shall in any event ompl withar the pro-
visions of paragraphs 3.1 and 3.2 of saidC eoftnarPrcie
(b) The term list base price of any steel joist materials means
thie price for ainy suchl aerial f.o.b. basing point.
SECTION 3. ()No mlembler of the Industry shall sell or contract
to sel an steel joist materials for a less price than his published
list base price plus transportation c~ha rges as provided herein.
(b) Thie followingr places shall be thre basing points for steel
joist materials and shall be used and adhered to by each member of
the Industry in publishing his list base prices, except as such busing
points may be revised by the Code Authorityr or by the A~dministrator
after consultation w~ith. the Code Authority: Pit~tsburgh, Pennsyrl-
v~ania; Chicago, Illinois; Birm~inghlam, Alabama.
(c) Each mlember of the industry shall file with a confidential and
disinterested agent of the Code Aut~hority or, if none be appointed by
thle Code Au~thority, then with such an aget ~~ designrIated by th~e
Administrator, schedules showing a list base price for each variety\,
style andi size of steel joists, accessories, and slab centering materials,
includ~ingr nailer joists anld special joists outside of the range of Sim-
plified~ Pr~actice Recommnendlation R9S4-30, manufactured and sold by
himt andi also his charrges for truckiingr hereinafter in this article
referred to as price tePrmns', which schedules shall completely andi
accurately conform to and represet the individual pricing practices
of said membe~r. Said price terms shall in the first instance be filed
within ten (10) days after the date of approval of this Code. Price
terms andl retvised price terms shall be filed upon forms prepared

by the Code .Allthor~ity and shall become detective imlmediately upon
receipt thereof by ulc~h nge~nt. Immediately upon receipt thereof said
agent. shall by tetlegr aphl or othe~tr equally prolp t means notify said
memberc1 of the time of such receipt. Such schedules and revisionsg,
together with the effective timle thereof, shall upon. receipt be imm~edi-
ately and simnultaneousl y dlistribultedl to all ml~~!embes of the Industry
and to all of their customers~r who havet applied ~therefor and have
orffered~ to derfray the cost actually incurred by the Code Authority in
the pr~ep~arantion and distribuit~ion thlereof and shall be available for
inspection by any of their c~ustomlers. i at the office of such agent. Said
sch~edlle3 S or revisions or any part thllereof shauu not be mzade available
to any person until released to all members of the Industry and their
customersl~ as afor~essid; provided,! th~at pr~icesi filedl in the first instance
shall not be r~eleasedl until the expiraton of the aforlesaid ten (10) day
period after the approval of this Codec. Thle Code Authority shall
maintain a permanent file of all price terms filed as here1in pr~ovitedl,
and shall not dlestroy any part of such recordsl~ ex~epit, upon written
consent of the Admilnisttrator. Upon request the C~ode Authorityr
shall furnish to thre A~dministrator or any duly detsignarted agent of
the Admlninistrator copies of any such schfedulles or revisions of price
(d) W~hen any member of the Indlustr~y has recvised his schedule
of price terms, such revision shall remain in effect, for a period of
not less than twennty (20) days,; subject, however, to t~he' right of such
member of the Industr~y to fie a new or ;1revisedl schedule at somle
e~arier date to meeit. the published prices or truckinga charlges of
another membe~cr of the Industry. AFll such schedules filed as herein.
provided shall be~ open to inspection at all reasLOnabIlet times by any
one having inlteretst therein including purchasers and pro:spc.tiver
pur. Ich ase rs.
(e) No metmber of thle Industry shall sell or offecr to sell anly steel
joist undert~in;, except in ne~corda(tn ce with such, prices terms to which
shall be added the all-rail. pubi~ihedl tariff freight chall'rges from the
basing point on w~jhich1 such list base price or prices is or are based
to thle place of dlelivery, or if suchl p~lace of delive~ry shall be at the
bansing point, the published tariff sw\itch~ing charges; p~roviled
however, that in a~ny case in which sulch steel joist materials shall be
delivered by other than all-rail transportation, the member of the
Industry selling such joist materials mzy~ allow to the purlc~haser a
reduction in the delivered price otherwise chargeabfll e~ under this
Article V at a rate which shall have been previously publyished and,
after approval byI the Code Aiuthority,~y filed with the SecretaryS. In
th-e case of mlaterials beCing" usedi in the eralction of a defiTnite strulc'tulre
the frcighlt charge cs shall be comnputedl to the nlonlrest. railway frei ght
siding but if the materials are adc'ually derliv~re~d to the job the
trucking c.har~ges sha~ll be added~c. In canse. the total of joists and
accessories consl~titute less than a carloald lot, the freighlt. charges
shall be compulted~ in accordance with the less thafln ealrload lot rate.
(f) No :memnb~r of th-e Indtust:y shall center into any agl-reement,
ulnde~rstan ding,,r combllina~tion or conspcir~acy to fix or mainltain price
terms, nor cause~r or at-tempt to came~c any mepmbe~r of the Inldustr~y to
change hnis pr1ice terms by the use of inltimidation, coe~c~ic ln, or any
o~ther~ ininenrlc~e inrconsistenlt with the manintenance of the free and
open market which it is the pupose of this article to create.

(g) Each member of the Industry shall file with the Secretary, as
the agent of the Code Authority, on or before the effective date of
this Code and t.her~eafter manintain on file a full, correct, andl up to
date list of the namnes and addreesses of all agents or othl~er persons
to w~hom such member allows, pays, or is under contract to pay aniy
commission, bolnus, or other comnpens~ationn based on the volume or
value of steel joist. materials soldL, except salaried employees devoting
their full wiorklingr timne to th~e service of such member of the Indus-
try. Sulch member shall also list aind maintain withl1 the S~ecr1etary,
as the agent of the: Codle Authority, a full, correct, and up to date
list of th~e amounts of all such comnuissions, bonuses, and other forms
of compensation as specified in the preceding sentence to be paid
to each such perrson, andt such members shall in no case make any
payment of anly commission, bonus, or such other form of compenl-
sation at a rate that. shall be greater in amount thanl the respective
'comnmissionsr, bonuses, ~or other such forms of compensation that shall
be so listed. nor shall an~y such member make any other payment or
grant any allowance in the form or discount or othrerwise for the
purpose of inducinga the purchase or sale of steel joist materials to
anyone wfhomsoever except to employees devoting their full working
time to the service of suchl member. All lists filed pursuant, to t~he
provisions of this paragraph (g) shall be open to the inspection of
any member of the Industryr at any reasonable time. The Code
Authority shall have full~ power to determine whether any~ such
commissions, bonuses, or other forms of remuneration referrIed~ to in
this paragr~aph (g) paid by any member of the Industry have been
used by any agent of such member of the Indust~ry or by any other
person to whom, such member allowcls, pays, or is under obligation to
pay anly coimnuission, bonus, or other compensation as a neanls of
eff~tecting a departure fromt any pulblish~ed price of suchn member, and
if the Code Acuthority shall so determine, it shall notify all members
of the Inrdustr~y of its d-etermination and, subject to a review of such
determination by the Administrator, thiereafter no member of the
Industry shall deal in any way with such agent or other person. No
contract or arrangement for the payment of any commission, bonus,
or other compensation referred to in this Section other than those in
effect on the effc~tive date of this Code shall become effective until
twenty (20) day-s after the filing of the list hereinbefore provided
(h) Any quo~tation, contrnet of ale, or sale made by any agent of
any member of the I~ndustry or by any other person to whom such
member shall alllow, pa~y, or shall be under contract to pay any com-
mnission, bonus, or othrer comlpensation based on thre volume or value
of steel joists or accessories so~ld shall be: made? in the name of, and
on behalf of, sulch memlber of the Indlustry by such agent or other
(i) Af~ter an increase in the publishled prices of any member of the
Indlustry, suich member may make a contract of sale at his published
price in effect immediately prior to such increase provided such
member shall have filed with thle Secretary on or be are the effectiv-e
date of such increase a copy, in such form. as may~ be! required by
the C~ode Authority, of a provisional contract with thze pur~chatser.
Such provisionlal contract shall require that, in the event suchl pur-

chaser shall be awarded the contract under a bid submitted by such
purchaser wh~2ereby- suchr purchaser shall be obligated to a third party
if the bid is accepted, such purchaser shall purchase the steel joist
mlaterialls covered by such contract within thirty' (30) days exceptt
where the requirements of governmentall invitations to bid call for
a lonlger periodl) after the effective date! of suchl increase in published
prices and shall use such steel joist materials in the construction of
the identified project referred to in such bid.
S~ECTION 4. Estflnimaing.--(a) Each mnembler of the Industry which
directly or through agents shal submit a lump, suml bid on a specified
project locatedl in a district in which a qualntity Estimlating Bureau
hans been establishled or approvred by the Code Authority and involv-
ing mor-e than :five tons of steel joists, esc~lusive of accessories, shall
purchase from such Bureau an estimate of quantities of steel joists,
accessories and slab centering materials including nailer joists and
.spec~ial joists required on such project. Each member of th~e In-
dlusItryS selling steel joist maoterials in each such dlistrict shall deposit
a copy of his individual current ~r~ice list currently applienble in
such district with such Bulreau, and such Bureau shall apply the
price lists of the individual member of the Ind~ustry to the various
items and kiind-s of m~aterials included in thne Bureau's estimate on
any specified project. All. estimates shall be kept onr file in the
Estimating Bureau and shall be subject to examnint~ionl of all mem-
bers of the Industry and the A~dministrator after contracts have
been aw-arded.
(b) No mlember of the Indu~st~ryS shall guarantee any quantity or
lumlp sum or mnasinlnm sales price for steel joist materials re-
quired- on a project involving more than five tons of steel joists, ex-
clos~ive of neccessories, andt locatted in a district in. which a quantity
Estimating Bureau has been established or approved by the Code
Aut'hority except the qluantit~y, lump sum or maximum price secured
by such members from such Bureau.
(c) The Secretary shall prepare a form of schedule for the pres-
enltationl and tabulation of the Individua~l publ>ishedl pr-ices and ruck
ing charges by each membe~tr of the Industry, for purpIoses of filing
with the confidential and dlisinter~ested age~nt of the Code Aiuthorityv
r~eferrted to in p~aragra~ph (c) of Sectiond 3 of this Article V andl
with properly authorized eStimat~ingr Bureaus.
SECTIONu 5. BackeharJes;--(a) N~o bnekeharge or other refund or
allowance of a claim of any purchaser shall be granlted or paid by
any memnber of the Indlustry if the purpose or effect thereof is to
effect a secret or discriminatory allowance, or an unerarnedl discount
fprom any published price.
(b) A statement of each backchargae, refund or allowance ]for claim
granrtedT or paid by any member of the Industry shall be :filed with
thle S~c(rretaryJ in such form and at suchi time as may be required by
the Codle Authorityl.
SEems~:, 6. 'rCirCe. -Whe~re anyg member of this Industry ren-
dlrs~, procure~s anrd arranges for directly or indirectly, any service
whatsoever in connection with t~he' sale or contract for sale of any
stzeel joist material, such member of the Inldustrly must publish hris
price for such1 service, file such price, and adhler~e to all conditions
In. this Code set forth as applying to the sale of steel joist malzterials,

as if such services were in fact steel joist materials; provided that all
erection services rendered by any member of the Industry shall be in
full compliance with t~he labor and other applicable provisions of the
appropriate: Code covering such services.
SEcTION 7. Didcow//2,1.-A;ll steel joist. materials shlall be invoiced
in terms of ne~t cash within thirty (30) days of the date of invoice
and the maximum rate of discount for early payment shall be one-
half of one? percent (1/2 of 1%) of the invoiced value of such mate-
rials if the Invoice of such materials shall be paid within ten (10)
days from the date of such invoice; provided, however, that any
member of the Industry.mnay allow such discount of one-hnalf o
one percent. (t./ of 19~) .for paymlent, within ten (10) days on the
basis of settlements twice in each mnonthi as follows:
(a) On invoices dated fr~om thec 1st to the 15th, inclusive, of any
month, such discount may be allowed on payment. of such invoices on
or before the 25th of such month;
(b) On invoic~es dated fr~oml the 16th to the end of any month
such discount may be allowed on payment of such invoices onl or be-
fore the 10~th of the next following month.
Any discount allowred in accordance with thie provisions of this
Article shall7 apply only to the inv\oicedt value of the materials speci-
fled or service renlderedl therein and not to any part of the transp~or-
tat~ion charges on such materials.
If any member of the Indlustry shall allow credit to any pur~chaser
or allow any purchased to delayr paymlenlt in respect of any invoice for
a period longer than thirty (30) days from date of inv~oice, then such
member shall charge interest at the rante of six pecr centum per annum
on the unpaid balance., or if the legal rate of interest shall be less
than six percent (6%0), at the legal .rate.
SECTION 8. Nuothling in this Article colntained' shall be deemed to
applyr to or affect the sale of any steel joist manterial for direct ship-
ment in export trade by any m-em~ber of the Ind-ustry within. the
meaning of the term "Lexpor~t tradlie as it is usedl in the Exrport
Trade Act, or, unless and to the extent that the Code Authority shall
otherwise determine, the sale of any product by any such mnember for
direct shipment to the Philipp~ines, H~awaii or Porto Rico or other
insular possessions of thie Unitedl States of Amner.ica.
SEC:TION 9. I07lff~ir Prac1ticesd.--F or .all purposes of the Code the
followino- acts shall constitute unfair practices and shall be dfeemedl
to be unnkir methodls of competition in commerce writh~in the mean-
ing of t~he Fied~eral Trade Commnission Act as amlend~ell,7 and th~e using
or employinS of a.ny of them shall be deemed to be a v~ioltion of the
Codte, and any member of the Inldustry? whlichl shnadlldil~rectiv or in-
d~iretctly through any) officer1, empiloyee, agent. or ICl'.representalie u~se
or emp'loy any of such unfair prIacties shall be~ guilty of a violation
of t he Codle.
(n') No membn)er of the Indu~try! thall give, ~permit, to ber given,
olr otertl to give anythingf of va~lue~ for the p~urpose~ of inlfluenungilb or
rewardtin~g th~e action of any emplloyee, agent or r~eprecsentative of
another~ mem~rber of the Industry in reclation to the- business of thne
emp~loyer of such employee, the principal of such agent or the repr~e-
sent.ed- p~arty, without, the krnowledgre of such employer~, principal
or party~. C'onunrcial bribery pr~o-isions shall not be construed to

prohibit free and general distribution of articles commlonly used for
advertising except so far as such articles are~ actually used for
commercial brlibery as hereinabove defined.
(b) Procur~ing, otherwlise thlan with the consent of any member of
the Industry, anIy informlationn concern'ling the business of such memi-
ber which is properly regarded by it as a trande secret or confidential
within its organizations, other than information n r~latinlg to a viola-
tion of any plroisions of the Code.
(c) Imitatinlg or sim~ulat~ing anyT mark: or brand used by any
other member of the Indulstry3, whenl such imitation or simulation is
calculated to or moay mnislead or decive purchanser~s or prospective
(d) Ulsing or substituting anly material superior or inferior in
quality to that specified by the specifier and purchaser of any steel
Joist material or using or substituting any mnater~ial or any method of
manufacture not in accord with any applicable law, rule or regula-
tion of any governmental authority.
(e) Cancelling in wvhole or in part, or p~ermlittingr thne cancellation
in whole or in part of anly contract of sale of anyT steel joist materrial,
except for a fair consideration.
(f) Paying or allowing or offering to an;y purchaser in conncc-
tion with the sale of any steel joist maiterial anly rebate, commission,
credit, discount, adjustment, gratuity, gift or similar concession
other than as is permitted by the Code andc specified in the conltract
of sale.
(g~) Disse;tminartingr, publishing or circulating a~ny false or mis-
leading information relative to alny steel joist material or price for
any product of anly member of the Industryr, or the cr~edit standing
or ability of any membel~cr thlereof to performI1 any work or falbricate
or produce any steel joist material, or to the condltitionls of mpllloy-
m1enlt amnll g the employees of anyr membetrl thereof.
(h) Inducing or at;temp!~~:ting~ to induce byT any means anyT party to
a contract wcith. a member of the Industry to violate such contract.
()Aidling or abe~ttingr any person, firm, association or cor~porution
mn any unfair practice poibiul~,ted under this Code.
(j) Making or giving to any purchaser of any steel joist material
any guaranty or protection in any form against decline in the malrk;et
price of such steel joist material.
(k) Stating in the invoice of any steel joist material as the date
thereof a date later than the late of shippment of such steel joist
material, or including in anly invoice any steel joist material shipped
on a date earlier than the date of such mnvoice. I~n the case of lumnp
suml contrancts, the invoices of partial shipments shall be at least
propor"'tio nate to the shipments.
(1) Manking cany sale or conltract of sale of any steel joist material
under any description which does not fully describe such steel joist
mnateriall in terms customarily used in th~e Indulstry..
(m) Making any misreppresentations. as to the Quality, qluant.ity,
origifin, or other mat:lerial cond~itioin of any~ steel ]oist material or
(n) W"5here difFerernt steel joist mal~terials are contracted for sale
or bid on at the8 samie timle or for the hamle job, failure to itemize

steel joist and' other materials as required pursuarit to ~Article V/,
Section 2 (a), shall be an unfair trade practice.
(o) Submission of more than one bid or quo~tation whether verbal
or written to any purchaser or prospective purchaser on any speci-
fied mnaterial on a dlefinit~e project, except (1) in the evient of a
material change in the plans andc specifications of the project, or
(2) in the event that such bid or quotation has not been accepted in
the per~iodl namledl for acceptance in such bid or qu~otation, (3) in
thte event of a decrease in the published prices of! the producers of
thne raw material in question, notification. of which shall have been
given by the Secretary to the members of the Industry. Nothing
in this rule shall be deemed to. prevent a member of the Industry from.
correcting any typographical or other unintentional mistake provided
that notice of anyg sucht correction shall .first be given to the Secretary.
(p) Acceptance of an form of paper or security in payment at
more than- the true value thereof.
(q) Any offer or agreement to finance an~y purchaser of steel joist
materials other ~than the extension of credit for materials sold by
the member of the Industry extending such credit.
(r) The shipment of any foreign steel not marked in accordance
with the requirements of the Treasury Department of the U~nited
States with the full name of the country of origin on each pieces
provided, however, that this rule shall no~t be applicable to stocks o;
foreign steel in the possession of, or owned bly members of the
Industry and actually in this country at the e~ffctie. date of thne
Code and listed with the Secretary on or before sulch date, who shall
also be notified of all shipments from such stocks and the date they
are exhausted.
(s) EInter~ingr into contracts for steel joist materials without
actual obligation on the part of the buyer to purchase any specific
quantity for delivery either within a specified time, or for any
particular job or jobs.
(t) Mahmgln the ac~eptan~ce of a separately priced material other
than steel joists and nCcessa;.jiriesi in a cjuotlt~ion, or the making of
another quotation for other than steel joists anld accessories, contin-
gent upon the neceptalne of a quotantion for steel joist material.
(u) T ship or receive steel JOist mater~ials on consigrnmlent.
()To render or seciur~e inspection services exceptt regular mnill
test reports) at other than the actual and customary rate charged
for such inspection services by established inspection, organizations.
SECTION 10. Penalr.ties an~ ~damzagea.--Anyr violation of any pro-
visions of the Code by any member of the Industry shall constitute
a violation of the Code by suceh member and shall subject such
member to the full statutory penalties by- the applicable statutes
made and provided ; provided, however, that the following additional
damafges shall be assessable against., and the following paragraphs of
this Section -10 shall apply only to such members of the Industry as
shall have signed anld delivered to the Secretary a, letter substantially
in accordance withn the form contained in Schedule B1 attached hereto
and prov-idedl further that no member of the Industry~ failing to
sign such letter of assent shall be denied any of his full rights, priv-
ileges and benefits under this code as long as the same by the- terms
hereof shall continue in effect,

(a) Recognizing that the violation by any member of the In-
dustry of an provision of the Code will disrupt the normal course
of fair competition in the Industry and cause serious damage to mem-
ber of thelct Code and that it may be difficult fairly to assess. the
amount of such damage to any member of the Code or the public,
it is hereby agreed by and among all members of the Code that
each member of the Code who shall violate any such provision shall,
unless otherwise specife by the Code Authority, pay to the Code
Ault~horit~y, inJ trust, as and for liquidated-l damages the sum of ten
dollars ($10.00) per ton of any steel joist materials, or t.went~y per-
cent (205%c) of the entire! sales price of any contracts for sale of steel
joist materials, whichever is the largrer, sold or contracted for sale
b~y such member in violation of any such pro~vision.
(b) Upon thec complaint of any member of the Code thlat, any act
of any member of the Ciode constitutes an unfair practice under the
Code, t~he (Code Aut~hn;o nrit ay prnovide for t~he investigation, hear-
ing and decision of such complaint through such. committee, im-
partial tribunal or otherwise as it may fromi time to time determine
and except as otherwise in thlis A4Srtcle provided, the Codle Authority
or such committee or other tribunal may assess such liquidated
damages or other penalty orr take such other action to refer th~e com-
plainit to the Administrator or such other governmental authority as
it may deem necessary or desirable in order to effectuate the policy
of the Act or the provisions of this Code.
(c) All amounts so paid or collected under this Art~icle shall be
used by the Code Authority for the more effective administration
and application of thle C:ode~ and m~ay be applied pro rata in the
re~duction of the assessments of all mrembrs of the Codle 'hereinbe-
fore provided for.
(d) Alnyrthing in the Code to thie contrary notwithstanding, the
Code Authority byv the affirmative vote of twvo-th~irdls of the whole
Code Authority Inin waive any? liability for or reduce the amount
of any liquidaited damages imnposedl by or p~ursuoant to any provision
of the C~ode for any violation of any provisions thereoft, if in its
dlescretion it shall de~cidte that such violation wvas innocently made or
that there were extenuati~gr cir~cums~tan ces and thalzt the collection of
such damages will not to any ma:ter~ial extent tend to effectuate the
policy of the ALct.
1. This Code and all the provisions thereof are: exprerssly madle
subject to the right of the President, in accordance wvith the p~roni-
sions of subsection (b) of Section 10 of thle Na;3tional Industrial Re-
covery Act, fl~rom timle to tie to cancel or modify any order, ap-
provanl,1license, rule or regulation isued under Title. I of said Act and
specifically, but without limitations to the right of the President to
cancel or modify his ap~provanl of tlus Code or any co~nditions imposed
by hnim upon h~is apprloval1 thereof.
2. This Code, ex~cept, as to provisions required by the Act, maiy
be modlified on the basis of exler~ince or changers in circumstances,
such~ modification to be basedl upon application to the Adlministrator
by the Code Authority andr such notice? and hearings as he shall spec-
ify, andl to become elffctive on his approval.


.No provision of this Code shall be so applied as to permit m~onop-
olies or monopolistic, practices, or to eliminate, oppress or discrimninate
against small enterprises.

This Code shall become. effective on the second Monday after its
approval b~y the President.

Whereas the policy of the Act to increase real purchasing power
will be made impossible of consummation if prices of goods and
services increase as rapidly as wages, it is recognized that price
increases except such as mlay be required to meet the seller's individ-
nalc cost should be delayed, an~d that such iner uases when made should,
so far as possible, b~e limited to actual additional increases in thne
*seller's costs.

The Code shall continue in effect until June 16, 1935, or until any
earlier date upon which the Act shall cease to be in effect or until
t~he members of the Code shall exzcercise in the manner hereinafter
provided, the power which they hereby reserve to terminate the
Code at any time after the expirantion o~f sixty (60) days from the
effective date of the Code by the agreement of ninetypr cent (90Cro)
of all the members of thle Code to such termination. Sch agreement
shall be evidenced in writing and shall takze effect ten (10) days after
the dlate of its submission. to the President. Upon the termination
of th~e Code in the mIa nner hiereinlbefore provided, all obligaations and
liabilities under the Code shall cease, except those for unpaid assess-
ments theretofore made in accordancie with the provisions of the
Codle and thlose for liquidated damages which may have theretofore
accrued under any provisions of the Code.'
Approv,ed Code Nro. 495.
R eg istry No. 1142-06.
2 Ameded. See paragraph 2 (3) of order approving this Code.



SECT-ION 1. Except in the case of executives, those employedl in supervisory
capacities and in technical work, receiving $35.00 per week or over, and those
emlploy~ed in ~emegncyi wtork involvingr breakdlowns or requiring thle protection
of life and property, none of the members of the Indulstry, except as hereinafter
provided, shall cause or permit any emptloyee to wrork more than 40 hours
per week exczepting that during periods of seasonal activity a maximum
wvorkring period of 48 hours per wveekr may be permitted during not more than
six: weeks in any one-half calendar year beginning January 1st, or July 1st,
respective~ly. No employee shall be required or permnitted to work more than
8 hours in any one day nor more than 6 days in any one week. After the
date of thte unemployment by any member of the Industry of any employee such
me-mber shall not knowingly permit such employee who also shall have pe~r-
formed wrork for one or more other employers to work for such member such
number of hours as would result in a violation of the Code had all such work*
been performed for such member.
SECTION 2. Fior the purposes of this Schedule the wiage districts described
in Section 4 of this Schedule A have been established.
SECTION 3. (a) Until chlang~ed by amlendm~ent of the Code as hereinbefore
in Article VI provided, the minimum rates of pay per hour which shall be
paid by members of th~e Industry for common labor in the Industry in the
respective \Gage districts describtedl in Section 4 shanll be the rates set forth
in Riection 5 of this Schedlule A. N'one of the members of the Industry shall
pay~ any employee, except as noted belowc, in its emuploy in the Tudustry in any
such district any rate of pay less thlan the rate specified for such district in
section 5, and any v'iolation1 of this provision of the Code shall be deemed
an unfair practice. Such rats of pay shall not, however, be understood to
be the maximum rates of pay for their retspec~tive districts.P
(b) In the case of employees performing work for which they are paid
per piece of work performed, the minimnuml rate of play which each member
of the Industry\ shall pay such emplloyee for such work shall produce at least
the minimum rate of pay per hour provided in this Code for thle same class
of labor at such plant.
(c) No person employed in clerical or office work shall be paid less than
$15.00 per wepek, or be permitted to wvork more than 40 hours in any one week
or more than 8 hours in any day, except that bluepr~inting and errand employees
may be paid not less than 80%o of the abov-e sum, provided that the number
of such employee~cs paid less than the minimum shall not exceed 5%~ of the total
employees covered by this paragraph.
(d) In no case shall anyT member-of thie Industry avoid or evade the labor
provisions of this Code by contracting his work to anly person subject to labor
regulations less rstr'ingent than those provided in this Code.
(e) Overtinw.-Any employee (ezeept watchmen) working on Sundlays, legal
holidayls or beyond 8 consecutive hours per dlay or 40 hours per week (except
asj permnitted herein) shall be paid not less than one and one-half (1M) times
his normal rate for sueb~ overtime work.
(f) P~ersons employedt~~ only as watchmen may be emp~loyed not more than 50
hours in any weekr nor more than 6 day's in any week or 10 hours in any day.
(g) Al fotrremaln who du~ringb slack busiess periods functions as a working
folrIl: n shlall be exemptll from the limnitations of working hours insofar as his
executive dlutices require.
(h) Wagrre us.'justment.-There shall be an, equitable adjustment of all w-ages
aboe the mlinimumn and to that end, within thirty (80) days after the effective
date of tche Codie, thec Codle Authority shall submit for the approval of the

s Amended]. See paragraph. 2 (2) of order approvIng tble Code.

Administrator, a p~ropoanl for the adjustment of wages above the minimum.
Upon approval of anly such plan. by the Adlinislitrator, after such public hearing:
as he may prest.cribe, such plan ishall become binding as a part of this Code;
provOided, howeer, that in no event shall hourly rates of pay be reduced.
SEJCriON 4.8 The description of the wage districts is as follows:
1. Easier~n District.--Comprises that part of the United States which is
north of the State of Virginia anld east of a line drawni north and south through
the most eas~terly point of Altoona, Pennsylvania; that part of the State of
Malryland whic~h is west of such liner; and the Counties of Monongalia. Taylor
Preston, Itandolp~h, T'uceler, Pe~ndletoln, Gra~nt, Mineral, Hardy, Hamzpshire,
- Mol~rgan, B~erk-eley, Mason, and Harrison in the State of West Virgrinia.
2'. Johnlstownr District.-- Compr~~ises C'amralrl County and the City of Altoona
in the State of Pennsylvania.
3. Piltstburgh. District.-- Compri~E-s the Counties of Warren, McKean, Forest,
Elk, Charion, Indiana, Somnerset, W~estmoreland, F~ayette, Greene, Washington,
Alleg~henyS, Beaver, Butler, Armstrong, and Jefferson and that remaining part
of the State of Pennsylvania which is west of a line drawn north and south
through the most easterly point of Altoona, except the parts which are included
in the Easternu, Johnstown, andi Younstowrn Valley Districts and including that
part of the County of Clearfield west of such linle.
4. Youngstown Valley. Didtr~id~.-Comprises the CountieJ -of Latwrence, M~er-~
cer, Crawford, and Venangor in the Statec of Pennsylvania, and the Counties of
Trum~bull, M~ahouing, and Columbia in the State of Ohio.
i5. North Ohzio Ri'cr D~iStrijot.--Compl~rises~ the cities along thie Ohio River.
north of the City of Parkersburg, West Virginia, and the Counties of Bel-
moont, Harrison, Mo(nroe, and Jeffer~son in the State of Ohio and the remainder
of the State of Wiest Virginia which is not included in the Eastern and
South Ohio River Districts.
Gi. Canrtonr, Mol~svillon,, arntld Massfield D~iatrilt.--Comprises~. the remainder of
the Sta~te of Ohio which is not included in the Cleveland, YoungstowNn Valley,
Detroit-Toledo, North Ohio River, and. South Ohio River Districts.
7. Cleveland Distriot.--Comprises the Counties of Ashtabula, Geauga, Lake,
Cun yhwa,~1 and Lorain in the State of Ohio.
8.- Buffalro Distr'iot.--Comprises that pnr~t of the State of New York west
of a :1ine drawn north and south th~rough~l the most easterly point of Altoona,
PelnnSylvania, and Erie County in the State of Pennsylvania.
9. Detroit-Telle~ol Distriot.--CI mplIues the Counties of Seneca, WoCod,, Huron,
Sandluskyr, Ottawa, Williams, Fults-u!, H-enry, Defiance and Lucas in the
State of Ohio and the State of MIilhiian~.
10. Xo~uth Ohio Rircer Distr'ict.--Comprises the State of Kentucky, the City
of Parkersburg, West Virginia, and cities along the Ohio River so~uthz of said
City, the Counties of Guernsey, Mn k in 4 um, Jackson, Noble, Washington,
Mo~lgrgn, Athens, Mteigs, Vinton, Gall.ia, Lawrence, Scioto, Adams, Brown, Cler-
:mont, Hamilton, and Butler in the State of Ohio and the County of Wood in
the State of W;est Virginia.
11., Indianaa-lllinatei-.?;. Loucis District.--Comprises all the State of Indiana,
except the County of Lake; all the State of Illinois, except the Counties
of Lake and' DuPage, and th~e Chicago Switching District; all of the Stats
of Misso9uri except Jackson County, all of the State of Wisconsin, except the
Counties of Milwvaukree, Racine, and K~enosha; and the State of Iowa.
12. Ukiougo Distric;t.--Comprises the Chicaglbo Switching District; the Coun-
ties of Lake and DuPage in the State of Illinois; the County of Lake in the
State of Indiana; and the Counties of Kenosha, Racine, and Milwaukee in the
State of 'isc~onsin.
13. Southern Di~striot.----Comrises~ all that part of the United States .south
of the States of Maryland, W~est Virginia, Kentuckry, Missouri, Kansas, and
Colorado and south anzd/or east of the State of NewL7 MNexico, but does not
include thie County of Jeffierson in. the State of Alabama.
14. Birmninghamnt Distriot.--Comrcprisels the County of Jeffersonl in. the State
of Alabama.
15. Ka~nsas8 CityE Distriot.---Comprises the County of Jackson in the State of
M~issouri, and the States. of Kansas and Ne~braska.
16. D/ulumk Distr-id.Comprises the States of M\innesota, SoJuth Dak~ota and
North Dako~ta.,
17. Colorado Distri~ct.-Cvrmprises the SFta~te of Colorado.
D~eleted. See panragrapIh 2 (1) of order approving this Code.

18. Ut~ah Distrit.:---Comprises the State of Utah.
19. Seattle: District.--Comprises the States of Washington, Oregon, Idaho,
Montana, and WySoming.
20. Hen Francisc~o Distric---Comprises the Counties of Monterey,- Kings,
Tulalre, Fresno, Mladera, Manriposa, Tuolumne, and Alpine in the State of
Onlifornia and all thze State of California north of these Counties and that
portion of the Stalte of Nuevadla, north of a line drawn due east from the inter-
section of the M~ono County, California line and the N'evada State Line.
21. Los Angeles District.---Comprises the Co~unties of Inyo, Mono, San Luis
Obispo, and Ker~n in the State of California and all of the State of California
so-uth of these Counties, that portion of the State of Nevada south of a line
drawn due east from. the :intersec~tion of the Mbono County, California Line and
the Ne~vada State Linel, and the States of Arizona and New M~exico.
SecrloN 5.* The mlinimum rate of pyn?, as noted in Sec'tion 3 of this Schedule,
shall be as follows:
District Cents per h~ost
1. Eastern district --,--_- _, ,,,,,__ ___.. .. .,, 35
2. John~stowcn, district -- .._____. --------___ 37
3;. Pittsburghl dist ricL __ ____________ ______ 40
4. Youlnrstown Valley dist rict____ _________ -- ________ 40
5. North Ohio River district-- ----_--_- --_-_____ 40
6. Canton, Massillon, and M\anst eld district ._--________-_ 37
7. Cleveland dlistriet__ _______ ________ 40
8. Buffa lo district-------,--- 38
9. D~etroit-Toledo dtit 40
10. South Ohio River district -----,----,,,_-,_- 37
11. India~na-fIlinois-St. Louis district---_-_------,,,, .. 7
12. Chicago district _,------_- ......-,-,, 40
13. Southern dsrc .... 25
14. Birminghaml l district-,-,- ....- ----,----,-,-,,- 27
15. KIansas Cityv district -,-------,----------, -- 35
16. Duluth district -_--,-------- -- --- 37
17. Colorado district --,------- __------- 40
18. Utah district _--_-----,------- -, 3 S
19. Sea ttle district ...--,--------- 38
20). Sa n Francisco district --- --------- ------ --- .. ..-~- 37
21. L~os Angieles district ,- ------ -------------------------- 35

*r Deleted. see paragraph 2 (1) of order approving this Code.



Dime Bankh Buridinrg, Detroit, Michiga~n.
DEIBA San: The undersigned, desiring to become a member of the Code of FEair
Competition for the Steel Joist Industryr, a copy of which is annexed hereto and
marked Annes A, hereby assents to all of the provisions of said Code (herein-
after referred to as the Code), including the provisions of Section 10 of Article
V', and effective as of the date on which the Code shall have been app~roved
by' the President or as of the date on which this letter shall have been delivered,
if deliv.ery thereof shall have been made subsequent to the date on which the
Code shall have been approved by'said President as aforesaid, by the signing
and delivery3 of this letter becomes a member of the Code and effective as
aforesaid hereby agrees with every person, firm, association and corporation
who shall then be or thereafter become a member of this Code, that the Code
shall constitute a valid and binding contract between the undersigned and all
such other members.
For all purposes of the Code, the address of the undersigned, until written
notification of change shall be filed with you, shall be as set- forth at the foot
of this letter.
Very truly yours,

Name of Company

Name of Officer




Adopted by the Steel Joisit Institute, Decemlber 20. 1928. Effective February 1,
1929. Revisced December 12, 1933

1. Dlefeirztionjs.--Any steel beam or tr~uss shaped steel member suitable for
supporting floors and roofs when used for floor filling between the main sup-
porting girders, beams or walls, shall be known as a steel joist. Such joists
may be made of rolled shaped or strips of' sheet steel, round bars, angles or
specially rolled bars riveted or w~elderd together. or by expanding rolled shapes,
or by anly other method comp~lying w-ith thc reqluiremuents of this article.
2. Materiuds. All steel used shall co~nformu to the standards of the American
Society for Testing M~aterials for structural steel for building designated as
All joists shall receive one coat of good paint by dipping or spray'ing before
leavingr the shop.
3. Connrectiions.---The joints and colnnectionsi of all steel joists shall be made
by connecting the members directly to one another by electric-are, spot or
pressure welds or by rivets. In the ense olf expanded joists, a portion of the
metal may be left intact to form a connec~tion. All joinlts and connections shall
be capable of withstanding a stress at least three (3) times the dlesignedl stress
.and shall be sufficiently rugg~red to resist t he stresses incident to handling and
erection when handled in, a reasonable manner. All1 intermediate joinlts shall be
designed so as to be as symmetrical as possible and in no case shall the eccen-
tricity of any such jolint exceed threeq-ruarters (:I;) of the least diameter of
the largest bar concocted, but end members may be designed as projecting
beams. Stresses a rising from eccentricity shall be included wiith other stresses
in designing all members.
NOTE.--Experiencce shows that the stress arising from careless handling
is much greater thln. that sustained by the connection while working at
full load.
4. Methods of Design andu Stresses.-(a) Steel joists having solid webs shall
be de~signed as beams. T'he maximum fibre stress in tension and compression
shall not exceed eighteen thousand (18,000) pounds per sqlua re inch. The
maximum distance from any part of comnpression flange to the web shall not
exceed thirty (30) times the thickness of the flange metal. The web sherry
shall not exceed that allowed in the Standard .Specifications of the Amleri-
eanl Institute of Steel Construction plublisbed Dec~ember, 1927. W~ebs made of
1two or more sheets of metal shall be considered as separate members, each
carryingp its share of th~e shear.
(b) Steel joists built up of bars or other sections and those fabricated by ex-
p~andingl rolled sections shall be designecd as trusses. T'he compres~sion stresses in
plounlds per square inch in the top chord or

diago.lnnis shall not exceed 15,000 nor 1*

w~hen the loncth,. 1, of the member is taken as ther distance clear of welds or
mother o~the~lllllnuets alnd r is tlwr least radius of gyiration. in the case of diagonal
and vertical members and the radius of gyvration of thie top cholrd or any com-
ponentklE part thref h tpcord shall be colnsiderred to be tayedi IlaterallIY
at panel pocinlts, by, flth slab above. The ratio of 1 to r shall not xc~ceedl 120.
In comlputingr the resistance o~f joists to construction loads as requiredc in See-
tion 7, the topD chord shall1 eniti-fy the additional requirements that it shall safely
carryI the Irequirecd compression using 1 as the distance between lines of bridg-

ing and r as the least radius of gyration around the vertical axis but the ratio
of 1 to r in this case may be not exceeding 200. No bending stresses shall be
assumed in top c~hordls of trus~ses supporting poured concrete slabs which have
a thickness of more than one-fourteenth (A~) of the distance between vertical
supports under the top cholird, but for joints supporting concrete slabs thinner
than this and joists supporting w~ood foors, the theoretical bendling stress for a
uniform load shall be c~omputted anld subtrac~ted from the allowoable stress at the
center of the panel. Colubined axial comulpression and bending stress at points
of verticall support o~f the topll chord shall no~t exceed eighteen thousand (18s,000>)
pounds per square inch. Thle unit tenside stress shall not exceed eighteen
thousand (18,000O) pounds in any member.
No-rE.--This para;graph do1es not require that-bending stress shall. be
figured if a concrete sl;7b two (2) o~r more inches thick is used with wood.
sleepers emubeddled as described in section 9, paragraph (b) and (c) of this
specification, nor does it require bending stresses to be figured when a wood
sleeper parallel to the joist and resting on top of the joist is of sufficient
size to satisfactorily carry the loads from panel point to panel point.
5. Spaln.--The span of joists having an all steel top chord shall nrot exceed
five hundred and fifty (550,) timers the radius of gyration of the top chord in
a plane perpendicular to the! web of thle joist, but in case the top chord con-
sists of a flat top section continuous with a center web, the radius of gyratio~n
of the top plate alone shall be tak~en. In the case of joists ]having a top
chord of steel wvith a woood mailing strip attached, the span shlall not exceed
one hundred sixty (100) times the total width of the top chord. The span
shall not exceed twfenty-four (24) times the depth of the steel portion of thle
6. Sparing.--The spacing of the joists shall not be greater than the safe
span of the to~p slab or flooring over the joists, and in no case, shall be greate~r
than twenty-four (24) inches in floors and thirty (30) inches in roofs, exrcept
that steel joists mlay be used to suppor-t wood or sheet mental roofs only if
not over seven (7) feet apart.
7. Erctionr..---Joists shall have a bearing of at least four (4) inches on
marsonry or reinforced couerete, and at least tw~o and one-half (21/2) inches
on steel. The unit bearing pressure on mulsonry and concrete shall not exceed
two hundred (200) pounds per square inc~h, and on steel shall not exceed one
thousand (1,000) pounds per squasre inch. 1Every third joist shall be anchored
to concrete or masonry support with an anchor equivalent to a three-eighths
(%3) inch round. The endls oif all jolists supported on masonry walls shall be
beddedl in mortar. All joists su~pportedl on steel beams shall be seculred with
a book m~ade of not less 'than three-isixclteents (A-~) inell bar fastened over the
flange of the beam. except in thle casfe of' build'ing~rS having a height of more
than twice the least dimecnsion of thle base, in which case each joist shall be
welded to the steel woirk w~ith twvo (2) welds at each end, each one (1) inch.
long, or by means of a one-half r 0.) inch bolt or rivet at each end. In the
case of all joists whlich are not e~ithetr we~lded, bolted or riveted to supports the
top InthI or other top sllab centering shall:1 be cut away to permit concrete or
top slah to fill space aroIunl jo~ists aInd seal ends.
All joists shall be fastened in pince and permanent bridging installed before
Any construction Londs, except the weight of the necessary wiorkmen to install
bridging, is priced upo:n the joists.
The joists when erected andl brilgred shall be capable of safely sustaining
a load of eight blund~red (800) pounds at any panel joint on say one jolst.
NorE~.--ID a11 framed struc~tures, thle frame should be designed to carry
all wind lond without assistance from the floor construction. In the case,
however, of relatively bigh slender buildings, it is provided that the joists
shall bre weldled to supports to give stilfuess. In the case of relatively
low buildings, this is not necerssary and it is provided onlyv that the joists
shall be hooked over supports to guard against accidental dislodgment
during erection. In the ense of fires, the greatest part of the damage is
due to the expansion of structural members. In the case of steel joists,
expansion across the run of joists is of course impossible, and by leaving
the ends free, expansion in the direction of the joists wiHl be rendered
Refore being bridged, steel joists cannot be expected to sustain considerable
loads, especially moving loads common in building construction. Loading of
unstayed joists may easily result in construction accidents.

8. Inridging.---As soon as joists have been erected, bridging shall be installed
beween them before the application of construction loads. This bridging shall
be adequate to safely support the top thord against lateral movement during
the construction period and shall hold the joists in an approximately vertical
p~lane passing through the bearings. If diagonal bridging is used in which all
dliagonal members wcill resist ornly tension, they shall n~ot be less in area than
a threLe-sxteenthl (nA) inchl round rod, and these diagonal< shall be supple-
mented by a continuous strut btmteen the top cholrds of all1 joists so briidgedl.
This top strut shall be equirnlenut as a strut to a half-inch round steel bar.
If diagonal members are usedl whireb are enpulble o~f resisting both tension and
com~npression, the top strut mlay be omitted, but positive provision must be
madle at the end of each run of bridlginlg to hold the tirst twoc joists in a
vertical plane. These diagonal struts shalll be capable of transferring five
hundlredl (500) pounds from~ each joist to the adljoining joiists. In case bridging
in thze form of horizontally placed beam or angle sec~tio~ns is prov-ided, it must
be adeqluate to transfer not less than five hundred (500)) pounds from each
joist to the adjoining joists without appreciablee deflec~tion. andi it must also be
so connected to the joists that it will support thle top chords against lateral
movement antd liold the joists app~roximately in a vertical plane. Fourteen
(14) gauge wire diagonals shall be used to secure the bottom chord at each line
of bridging~r of thisa type. W'ire may be omitted w.hen a portal bridging is used
which restrains both top and bottom chords and transmits the load required
The number of lines of bridging provided shall be illnac~cordance w\ith the
forllow\ing table:
Span Numnber of Lines of B~ridging
Up to 14 feet-------,,,,-,,, --------- ---- ---_ One row, near center
14 to 21 feet -------,-,,---- __ ---_ Twro rows approximately 1,4 span apart
21 to 32 feet--_-,--- ___,___,,_ Three rows
In the case of joists provided withi nailer str5ip carrying a wood deckr, the
wood deck. may be used as the top member of the bridging sys8teml.
9. Uses of Steel Joisrts.-(a) When -used in any construction were wood
joists are p~erm~itted, steel joists may have a wBood nailinlg str'ip attached to the
top chord and a wood floor may be used over such joists.
(b) One hour fire resistance: Steel joists with or wvithzout a woOdl nailing
strip above, when protected with a ceiling of metal lathi autl plaster three-
quarters (%/) inch thick may be used wherever a one hour fire resistance is
required. AL wood top floor may be used in such, cases.
(c) TwT-o hour fire resistance: Steel joists protected with a ceiling of metal
lathl and gypsum or portland cemenlt plaster at least three-quarters (%i) inch
thick may be used wherev~er a two hour fire resistance is required. Joists for
this purposelc~ shall not have any wood unliling strip~ attached~ ther~eto andi shall
be covered w~ith a top slab of concrete at least twAo. (2) inches thick east upon
metal lath or other incombustible material. W'oo~d nailing strips may be em-
heddedl~t in this concrete slab if pr'otectied on the bottom with not less than one
(1) inch of concrete.
(d) Thlree.-hnur fire resistance: Steel joists protected with a ceiling of
metal lath and ~gypsuml or portand cemuent plaster at least onle (1) inch thick
may1\ be usedl where a three~ hour fire resistance is required. Joists for this pur-
pose shall not have any woodc' attached and shall be covered on top by at least
two and one-half (2%~) inches of solidl concrete. No wcood nailing strips sihall
be used in such top slab.
(e) Four-hour fire resistance: Steel joists protected on the bottom with a
pIouredI or preens(:1t reinforlCed1 gYPSUm1 slab not less than two (2) inches thick
anid otfherw\\i in n-corrdancer wlith p~lakraraph (d) above ma~y be usedl wherever
a four-hour tire resistance is reqluired.
Nlvrr.--TI.ts usIlenl b~y the! Burlenu of Standards show thrat ten (10)
pounds of w\~ood, npaper or other combustible are reqluir~ed for each square
foort o~f floo1' r spa.Ce to sustain a fire equivalent in intensity to a onle-hour
s~toward~l fire test. Similarilly, twentyf (20) rpoundtl s of comlbustible will
p'rnamec a two-hour fire, thir~ty (30) poc'undls a three-hour and about thirty-
seven (:!;) pocunll s a fo~ur-hour fire.
SIn clrdelr that a structure may salfely resist the complete b~urning~ of its c~on-
ten~ts. it is c-ntyl nccessary~! thant all thei el~emets of the construction should
safely wvithstund~ a fire slig~htly~ greater thanr the maximum that can be supported

by its total contents. Uuly atro aeyo n n n-af(%
. Is used based upon the n\ver;;ge combustible contet.snla atro aents.oean nehlf(
SThe combustible contents of the following occupauelecs including wood floor
finish, trimr and doors is ord~inarily not greater than ten (10) pounds so that
a tw'o-houril protection would give a more than ample factor of safety: Dwell-
ings, apar~tments, hotels, hospitals, schools, colleges, theatres, (except stage),
churches, assemblyll halls, lodge halls, offics (except record storage) and manu-
facturing buildings used~ for tabricating metal or other incombustible matterials.
Storage rooms in any of the above ~cc~upancies, such as locker rooms in apart-
men~lts, carpekutryy shopls in hl.tels and hospitals and record vaults in offlices,
w~ill olften contain cacusideralbly mo-re comrnbustble than this and should be
protec~tedt for a f'our-hour ~fire.
lble~rcntile b~uillinlgs, factories and w~arehouses vary considerably in comn-
bustible contents and are usually protected for a three or four hour period.
No mention is made of the protection to beams and columns which are o1utside
of the provrinc~e of this stamn.1ar'd.
10). Deck~s anld Torp S'(a~bs.-DIeckis or top slabs of wood, concrete, gypsum or
other matterial shall be assumed to stay the top c~ho.rd~s of joists laterally but
shall not be assumed to carry any part of the compiression stress.
Fla~t woodn d~cksY of single thickness of seven-eighths (%~) inch material shall
not have a span of more than twenty (20) inches for floors, or thirty (30)
inches folr roofs, and those made with one and tive-eighlths (1%) inch material
shall not hav~e a spa'n of more than five (5) feet in any case. All such decks
shall be securely falstened to thie wood nailer strips.
Pojured strulctu!ral slabs of concrete, gypsuml or other inaterial shall not be
less thlan two (2) inches thick. They shall be polured~ upon three-eighths (%4)
inch r~ibbed metal Il;ch wecighingl not less than four (4) pounds per yard fior
spans not exceeding tw~en~3-four (24) inches and upon three-quarters (%~)
inch rib lath wveighing not less than .46i pounds per square foot for spans not
exceeding thirty (30) inches. The ribs of rib lath shall not be more than,
six (6) inches on c~enters. Other incombustible material at least equivalent
in strength and stiff'ne~s mayg be used in place of lathz. This lath or other
centering shall be attached by substantial clips or soft wood wedg~es to the top
chord of eac~h joiat at intervals of not over eight (8) inches. WC~hen no wooden
top floorci is to be placed over such sil~ab, they shall be adequately reinforcedl
withl mall or rods in addition to thle lath to safely resist both positive and
negaztivef bending w'ith due allowance for probable load concentrations.
No-rE.-Nojr malterial should be used as cente~ring for the top slab which.
mlust b~e stre'tc~hed~ across the top chiordi of joists or which will exert an
uundue~ I;ateal lpull onl the top (.horjlds of the joists during the pouring of
11. Deficction.-The~l deflection due to the. tlesignedl live load shall not exceed
onle Ilthre buIL~tated ald Fsitieth (1/:000~) of the span. The permanent deflection
resul1ting~ fromU Wadnglll a finis~hedl floor to twice the designed live load for
twetlve (12)~ holurs . for this llead.
12. 1 actoril of saifety.--Thle malZximum~ total load at failure shall not be less
thanr two.c (2) timesJ the total designed .load of joists as computed by using
the 5trcses pe~rmlittedr he~rein when testedl with bridinbig and top slab using a
u~niforml loud.
noc1E.-S~teel joists are not intended~ to act as structural members except
as templor~aryS supporNtinga members during construction. With steel joists
just :.5 in the ca;se of w~ood joists, the lateral support of the top de~ck is
anr ess~ential element of construction. The performance of a steel joist
floojr construction canl only be determined by applying the top deck: and
testing w'ith a unifrm~rl load. Cfonerete decks of quick setting cement can
be tetated at the end of 24 hours.



Adopted April 7, 1931. Rev-ised Decemnber 12, 10J33


1.1. Scope.-The pr~atices~ and customs containedl in this code are in
necordance ~withi good enlgineer'ing~ practices, tend to secure salfety in steel joist
construction, and are stanrdatrdl within the industry. This code is made a part
of every contract betwreen the Buyver aInd Seller orf steel joists andr accessories
thereto unless specific p~rov~ision to the coutralry is madce. This code contem-
plates the Seller as a c~omp~ny3 manlufac~turing steel joists but without any
responsibilities in thle matter of erec~ting: thlem. WVhenever the Seller shall
contract to erect the joists he shall asSUmeI the usual1 obligations of a sub-
contractor in adlition to usle rligation set forth herein.
1.2. Applica~tion.--This C'ode of Standc~ard Praoctice is to gover~n as a standard
in those cases -where the~ p1roisions of building codies, architects;' and engineers'
plans and sp~ecificntions.. or contracts are niot complete or clear. There shall
be no conflict betwveen this c~ode anld aIny legal building r~egulation; this Code
shall onlly supplement and amuplify such laws.
1.3. Design.-Iln thle absence of ordinances or specifications to, the contrary,
all designs shall be in ac~cordannce with the Standard Specifications of the Steel
Joist Institute adop-ted Decembler '.', 1908-', and as subsequently amended, and
all stresses shall be in accordanle with the latest Sta7ndard Specification of the
Amnerican Institute of Steel Constraction.
1.4. Plans for Biddling.--Plans to serve as a basis for bids shall be complete
as to location of all bearing wa~lls, steel and~ concrete supporting members, floor
openings, pairtitions andl other dlead loods, and thle material and thickness of
floor or roof deck and ceiling shall be sjpecified.
1..5. Resxpond7;biirlt for Design and Erectionr.-WhV~fen details of design are speci-
fled the Seller shall assume no respon~sibility other than to furnish all steel
joist materials splecified. When details of de.Jign are~ not sptcified the Seller
shall furnish all materials required in this Code. In. neither case shall the
Seller assume any responsibility for the erection of the materials furnished.


When the floor or roof deck is of concrete, all joists furnished shall be
fabricated entirely of steel and shall conform to the standards of the Steel
Joist Institute and United States Departmaent of Commerce Simpllified Practice
Recommendation No.~ Rt 94-30. WChen the floor or roof deck is of w~ood or sheet
metal, steel joists having a wood nailing strip attached may be provided. (The
Institute has estab~lishedl no standards for such joists.)


3.1. Complete Planzs a ndc 8prefi~catliols.-When pl ans are complete e a s to all
materials required, estima~tc-r shall include such of the following items as
are sp~c~ifitrl and no ol~thers, andC shall be quotedl as ejstimate on joists and
accessories :
C<-iline~ extensions if necessary for properly supporting ceiling lath.

Wall n ml( beam anchrors.
Joist IHn-ringr plates if necessary.
Materials for frunnllineL all open~ing~s not exceeding~r four (4) feet at right
angles to run. of Joists unless o~therwise peciiled, B~eveled plates or
other means of attac~hmentl for roof or ramp rakes


The following shall be quoted as separate items:
Top lath or other permanent centering for concrete deckrs.
Top la th clips.
Screed chairs if to be attached to joists.
Clamps to hold metal decking against wind uplift and stay top chords of
joists when metal decks are- to be supported on steel joists, unless
specified to be furnished by seller of deck.
When the following items are specified they may be estimated but shall be
quoted as a separate item.:
Ceiling lath.
Clips for attheb~ing ceiling lath.
3.2. Inc~omzplete Plan~s and S~eciifecation-s.-When plans and specifications are
inomplete in any particular, estimate shall inc~lude~ such material as isi required
by~ the provisions of paragraphs 3.3 to 3.9 and estimates shall be segregated and
quoted as required in pauIragraphh 3.1.
3.3. Joiats, Locationl an~d Speacing.-All joists shall be designed according to
the Steel Joist Institute~ Standards and the maximum spacing shall not exceed
thze requirements of the Standard Specifications of the Steel Joist Institute.
Also the spacing shall not be greater than that which will give a calculated
total carrying capacity at least equal to that required in this section. In aul
cases there shall be one typical joist not more than four (4) inches in the
clear from. each end wall- or other self-supporting walls parallel to run of
joists. Where partitions extend parallel to run of joists there shall be at
least one typicrl joist provided under each such partition and more than one
such joist shalIl be provided if necessary to safely support the weight of such
partition and the adjalcent ~floor less the live load on a strip of floor one foot
in width. Where partitions extend across runl of joists their weight shall be
lueluded in the dead load as required in paragraph 3.9. In spacing joists, tie
~beams in -steel frame b~uildlinrrs shall not be considered as taking the place
of a joists unless the resisting moment of the tie beam is at least as great as
that of a typical joist.
3.4. Bridginy.--All bridging shall be a bridging complying with the standard
Speificntioons of the Steel Joist Institute. No estimate shall be based upon
wire bridging.
3.5. Floor La~Eth.c-The amount of lath estimated, shall be 15 percentt more than
the total area of floors and roof within wcPalls after de~duct~ing all olpenings in
excess of 100 square feet in area. Th~e lath shall meet the Standard Specifica-
tions of the Steel Joist Institute. ~Eno~ugh lath clips shall be estimated to
~attac~h lath at intervals of eight inches on each joist.
3.0. Ceclilinl _L~athG.-N~o ceiling lath shall be includedl in estimate unless it is
definitely specified, in which case it shall be quoted as required by the ~Metal
Lath. Gode.
3.7. Temperature Reintforcing.-Wmhere wood finished ~floors are specified, no
temperature steel shall be included inl estimate unless specified. ]For all other
ty'pes of floor finish temperature steel equivalent to Y4 inch rounds 12 inches on
centers both perpendic. ularl and parallel to run of joists shall be provided, or
mesh of equivalent sectional area.
3.8. SpiJecial Details.-The following items shall not be estimated:
Frame materials for op~enings more than 4 feet wide at right angles to run of
joists. All such framuing shall be in structural steel.
Shelf angles and clip angles requiredl on steel work for support of joists.
3.9. Loads.--The loads to be used in designs shall be not less than the follow-
ing and in no case less than the actual load when such load is definitely known.
Dead load.--Joists, actual weight but not less than 3 pounds per square foot
of floor area.
Concrete ~floors, 12 pounds per inch of thickiness per :quare foot of floor area.
Ceiling not less than 9 p~oundls per squarlie foot of floor area.
Wood floor finish not less thian 3 pounds per square foot of floor area.
Any Fpecial dead loadl for machinery, pipes or other details shall be included
as sp;ecified' by architect.
Partitlions.P.-The wet~llst of partitions shown upon plans shall be taken as
followvs in pounds per sq~uare foot:
Not plastered Plastered
3 inch tile ___,-___--____-_-_ 16 241
4 "" ,- ______--_-_-__-,-- 18 26
6 ------_-------------- 25 83


N'ot plastered Plastered
3 inch gypl: sum --- -- --------- 12 24
4 --"-------------------------------------- 62
6 -- -- -- 24 32
4 brick -----------'---'---------------------- 04
8 -----------'----'----------------------- 08
Wood stud ----------------'------------------- Wodlh)1
"~r~ "t -- --------- ----------------- (161eta lath) 18

Wh'len partitions are not delrinite~ly shown\n on p~lans thle followings louds in
pounds per squalre foot of floor area should be usecd for thle purposes of making
estimates :
8hools, chlurche11s, theatres, undlritoriums,~; Faralges, No~ne.
Apartments, retsidenjllces, purishl ho~uss and simnilar buildings. 15 pounds
per square foot.
Offices, hotels, bespritals8, atSyllum< (CollegeP I1ormLitorlies andl similarI buildl-
ings. 20 pnrunds per square folot.
Live loads.-Live loads used in design sha~ll b.e in aiclrcordnce w~ithl architee~t's
sycciifie lntin local or stalte rezgalntionsl. lu abwtlo~.*e of all these the minimum
live loadl used shall be as folllow\s:
Apa rt ments_ -- -- _-- --- -- -- ------- ----- --------- 40
Assembly halls (fixedi seats) -- --------- ------------------- .....--- 80
Assemlbly halls (movable seats) .------ 125
Attics (not used for hab'itation or storage) ...----------- 30
Churches (fixed seats) -- -------- -------------------- -------- 80
Churches (movable seats) ------- ------------------- --- 123---
Dance and Drill halls -------------- ------------ -------------- 150
Dwelling ..__.._-- __ --------- ---------- __________- ____..
GnraFes (The joitsts in garage floors shanll not b~e spaced more than 18
inches apart and the top slab shall not be less thell 3 inChe~s thic~k)-- 125
H-ospitals, asylumss convent~lls and detentionl buildlings (bed~c and living
roomn floorsl) ,_ __ ________ -_ ~_ _---- -------- 40
Same (public siarc, ~first floors and cocrridors)s 80 --- -------,
Hotels and clubs livingr room. foors a __ _----- _----- 40
Hotels and clubs (first floors, corridors,7,c and ining roomrs) -------80
MCunicipal buildings, county buildings, court hc~uses~, libraries, museums,
(cclrridnrs and public roomns)____--________------ 100
Sallle (p~rivate officers) __- ___-____---_-_---- 50
Office buildings (first floor) .. ..__-_-__--____----- 100)
Offce bluildings (private offices). ____-_-_____-__---- 50
Restaurants ___--_ 80--_-------
Schools (school rooms, fixed sej~ats) ----____--_------ 50
Schoorils (corridors, entrances, rooms w\ithlout fixed seat ). --__-- 80
Stores ... ...._-__,__,--___ 100
Theatres auditoriumum. _- __-____ ___-__--- 80-----
Mercantile, ma;nufneturi ng andi stonlre buildings should not be
estimated without data as to plrrobable~ Ilads, but in no case shall the
load be takren at less than 100 ponund.
Roofs south of latitude 37'------ ----- __---- --------------- ---- 20
Between latitude 37. an1 45* _ .----- 30
North of latitude 45"--_- ---------- ~------ --- -- 40
Exsrcept that in hiieh altitude the loads shall be taken as ten pounds
grealtert than as giv~en above.


4.1. Plans Flr~nishe~d by I~ur-,,r.-Tlhe DuySer shall furnish thle Seller a set of
plans whowrine the I~\layot of all wpalls, Clrllumns,, beans, firdlers and other upll-
por~ts, as well as all floor r"lisaillles andl partitilonsl corrrec liv-e Ilnad. to be a~ssumed, thle we~ights olf p~rltitio~ns andl the location and amount
of anyS spiccial land<1I! such as fans,~ bh"\wers., innhs,~ etc., shall1 b~e inldiented. Thle
level of fllinishe1 d foors anld roofs and Ih level o~\ fl al jorists hearings shall be show~n.
4.2. P'lanrs Farnishcl by Seller.-TheIII Heller sha~ll furnlish to thle BjuyrtL dCtailed(

bill of material a~nd7 to the~ top~ Uponr~ thc joisjts. A1ll ncetsss:y' details and
notes ~shall be supplliedl to show the progra~r insitallaltion of bridging, beam and

wall anchors, ceiling extensions, bearing plates, lath clips, screed clips and
temperature steel.
4.3. D~iscreplanried,.- The Archziteet's plans will be assumed to be correct
in absence of written notice from Buyer to the contrary. When detailed steel
or concrete plans are furnished by Buyer which do not agree with. Architect's
plans, such d~etailed plans shall be considerred as a written notice of change of
4.4. ApproraJl'l .-TThe detailed p~lans preparedl by the Seller shall be submitted
to the Buyer for approval, unless Buy~er instr~ucts Seller to submit same
lirecctlyl to Artchitect. The Buyer (or Architiect)) shall return onle copy of
planls markied with his appDrovlL or with such corrections as he may deem
neceussr Iy. The plains shall be courrec~tedl b the Seller if necetssary, and re-
turned to the Buyerjl for final1 approval. The Seller shall not proceed with
shop worki until plans are finally appr~loved~l ty Buyer (or Architect). Thie
Seller shaull furnish to the Buyer as mlany. blue prints of detailed plans as
may be reasonlll~ abl necessary, but the tracings shall remain thle property of
the Seller.
4.5. Change~rs bU Du'erlc. After- ApprovlI.- Whene any changes in plans are
mdad by Buye~r aIfter. approvaln o~f detatiledl dr~awing or any extra materials
are required not shown onl such dr~awing~s, the cost of such chan~lges and/or
extra materials shall be paid by the Buyer at a price to be agreed uponz
betwpeent ]Buyer and Seller at thle time such changes and/or extra materials
are ordered.

5.1. Grade of Steecl shall comply with the requirements of the Standar~d
Specificantions of the Steel Joist Institute.
5.2. Joisis shall be of anly type meeting the requirements of the Standard
Specifications of the Steel Joist Institute and shall be a Standard Joist as
given in the Loadding Table of the Steel Joist Institute.
5.3. Masicm~uml Lenlythc.--Joists shall not have a span exceeding twenty-four
(24) times their depth.
5.4. BrIldging shall be of a type meeting the requirements of the Standard
Speclificationls of the Steel Joist Institute. WIrrire bridginlg shall not be used.
5.5. Anchors for walls and beams shall comply with the Sjtandard Specifica-
tions of the Steel Joist Institute in size and number.
5.6. Bearing of Joists shall not be less than 21/2 inches net on1 steel and 4
inchesd net on masonry. Bearing plates sh~all be pr~ovid~el `if necessary to reduce
the unit bear~ling pressure on masonry to not mlore than 200 pounds per square
5.7. Ceiling Es:tensions.-Whenever a rceiling- is to be at tached~ to the bottom
chord of joists, a furring extension rod or unit shall be provided for each end
of each joist when necessary to properly ,4upellrt ceiling.
5.8. Headlers.--Floor and roof op.eningsi not exce~edingb 4 feet in width meas-
uredl at r~ighlt angles to run of joists shall be framed with beam, angle, or chan-
nel bendersl' of ample stre~ngth to suppollrt joist reactions. Such header beams,
angles or channels, together with necessary bolts, clips or other devices for
s~c~urinlg same to trimmer joist as well as to joists sullpor~ted, shall be furnuishedl
by Seller. When the reaction from such headers exceeds 400.) pounds~, the load
shall be transmitted to the trimmer joist w~ilbout r~ly~ing upon bending in top
or bottom chord.
5.9. Pa~i~t.-All joiasts before shipment, shall be given one coat of good paint
by clipping or sprayring. T'he base of such palint shall be an asphaltic bitumnen
containing lnot over 10%~ of carbon pigment anld not over 10%J of saponiflable
material. The paint shiall dry to a firm, elastic film before joists are loaded
for slhipmnent and shall not sof'ten suffiiently to drip at 120" F`.
5.10. Insapectio.--The Seller shall intspect all joists at time of fabrication
and shall be resPlonsib~le as to accuracy of size, spatn. assembly and the suffi-
cienc~y of welding. All1 other inspection work shall be at the expense of thre
Buyer and shall be performed at the Sjeller's place of manufacture.

6.1. The Seller shall not perform the w\or~k of erecting joists or accessories
and shall not be responsible for the s~afety of beams, columns, walls, or other
supporting members.


92 3 1262 08851 8112

6.2. The Seller shall not be responsible for the actual dimensions of construe-
tion work in .field, but shall be responsible for the accurate fabrication of joist
materials in accordance w~ith Architeet's plans or any changed plans furnished
by Buyver before final approval1 of shop dlraw~ings.
6;.3. The Seller shall furnish to Buyer proper instructions relative to methods
of erection, bridgoing and anchoring of joists and the Buyer~ shall be responsible
for the correct execution of such instructions.