Code of fair competition for the fur manufacturing industry as approved on May 19, 1934

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Material Information

Title:
Code of fair competition for the fur manufacturing industry as approved on May 19, 1934
Portion of title:
Fur manufacturing industry
Physical Description:
p. 265-285 : ; 24 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- National Recovery Administration
Publisher:
United States Government Printing Office
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Fur trade -- Law and legislation -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available in electronic format.
General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Registry No. 912-03."
General Note:
"Approved Code No. 436."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004942679
oclc - 63654919
System ID:
AA00006757:00001

Full Text



_ __


UNIV. OF FL LID.


I ___
;For sale try the Superintendent of Documents, W~ashington, D.C. Pricer 5 center


Approved Code No. 438


Registry No. 912-013


NATIONAL R ECOVTERY AD~MIN ISTRATI~ON




CODE OFE FAIR COMPETITION



FUR~ MAN1UF~ALCTURING


WE DO OUR PART


UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON: 1934


INDUSTRYE~

AS APPROVED ON MAY 19, 1934
























This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of D~ocuments, Gtovernment
Printing Off~ice, Wlashington, D.C., and by district ofltices of the 1Bureau of
Foreign, and Domestic Commerce.
DISTRICT OFFICES OFf THIE DEPARTMENT OF COMMBERCE

Atlanta, Ga.: 504 Post Office Building.
Birmingham, Ala.: 257 Federal B~uilding.
Boston, M~ass. : 1801 Custombouse.
Buffalo, N.Y.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Charleston, SOC.: Chamber of Comamerce BuibtlingI.
Chiengol, Ill.: Suite 1706, 201 North W~ells Street.
Cleveland, Ohio: Chamber of Commer~ce.
Dallas, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Buildingl.
Deutrot, Mih.: 801 Fir~st National B3ank Builliding.
HostnTe~tC'liam~ber of Commoerce B~uildling.
Indliirnplisi- Ind.: Cha~mber~ of Commerce B~uilding.
Jackrsonville, jFla.: Chambuler of Comnmere~ Buildling.
Kansas c:ity, Mo.: 1028 Baltimore Avenue.
Los Anrgeles~, Calif.: 1163 South B~roadwnay.
Louisville, Ky~.: 408 F~ederal Building.
Memphis, TCenn.: 229 Fedellral Buildling.
Mlinneapolis, llinul.: 213 Federal BuildlinR.
New Orlc.n us. La.: Room 225-A, Customhouse.
New York, N.Y.: 734 Customhouse.
Norfolks, Va.: 406 East Phune Street.
Philadeclphiin, Pa.: 422 Commercial Trust B~uiblling.
Pittsburgh,1 Pa.: Cam~lbFer of Commerce Build~ing.
Pocrtland, Oreg.: 215 ]New Post Office Buildling.
St. Louis, Mo.: 506 Olivre Street.
San Fra'nc~irco, Callif.: 310 Customhouse.
Seattle, Wash.: 800 Federal Office Buildinlg.













Approved Code No. 436


COBDE: OF FAIR COM[PE'`TIT~ION
FOR THE

FURI MANIJUFA'lC TUR~UING~]~P I~NDUSTR1IY

As Approved on Maay 19, 1934


ORDER

COD)E OF FA1IR COMPET~T.li"ON FOR THTE FUR A ANUFACTURING INDUSTRY
An application having been duly made pursua!nt to and in full
compliance with the provisions of Title I of the N~ational Industrial
Recovery ALct, app~rovecd June 16, 1933, for approval of a Code of
Fair Competition for the Fur Mlanufacturing Indlustry, and healrings
htavinga been. duly held thereon and the alnnexed report of said Code
cont~ainingr findingsn~ with respect thereto, having been made and
directed to the President.
NOW, THE~REFiORE, on behalf of the President of the United
States, I, Hugh S. Johnson, Administi~rator for Industrial Recovery,
pursuant to authority r-ested in me by Executive Orders of the Presi-
dent, including Execu.tive Order No. 6543-A~, dated. December 30
1933, and oth~erwise; do hereby incorporate by reference said annexed
report and dlo find that said Code complies i~n all respects with the
p~er~tinenlt prov\isions and will promote the policy annd purposes of
s~aidl Title of said Act; and do hereby order that said -Code of Fair
Competition be and it is hereb~y approved, subject, however, to the
following conditions:
(1) That any member of the Industry may petition to the Ad-
ministrator for a stay of the application of the provisions of Sec-
tions 2, 3, 4, or 5, or any portion thereof of A5rticle IV of said Codle,
insofar as such provisions may apply to such memr~ber of the Industry,
and the Administra~tor may, should it appear that justice so requires
to relieve such mlembler of unldue or unusual hardship imposed upon
such member by virtue of the said provisions, grant such a stay,
pending approval of the recommendations of the Special Comnmis-
sion, created in Section 7 of Article IVr of the Code, and upon such
terms and conditions as the AdminlistraLtor shall prescribe. Upon
the issuance of an order approving the recommendlations of the Spe-
c~ial Conmuissioln regard~ring the wag~es to be paid by the memblers of
the Industry in th~e area or locality in which the petitioning member
operaftes, any stay that may have theretofore been granted such
membe-l~r, shall forthwith termninate.


60675"--544-118---34


(265)






266

(2) That the provisions of Section 13, Section 14, and Section 21
of Article V'III be and are hereby stayed pending further study and
inv\estigation of the probable effects of such. provisions on the estab-
lished practices anld markretingr needs of the Industry, and until the
approval by me of recommendations of the Code Authority bpsed
upon such Inves.~tigat~ion, and subject to my~ further order.
HUGoH S. JoHNson,
Adm~inistrator for Indu2strial Recover~y.
Approval recommended :
SOL A. ROSENBLATT,
Division Admiinistrator.
WBsiIN( Iavw, D.C.,
M~ay _19, 1934.












REPORT TO THE: PRESIDENT


T~he PRESIDENT
TheR Whhe HLous~e.
SmR: This is a report of the hearing of the Code of Fair Competi-
tion for the Fiur Manufacturing Industry conducted in Washington
on December 29th, 1933. Post Hearing; Conferences were also held
on January 13, January 15, and March 7l, 19)34.
HIOUR PROVISIONS OF THE CODE

The Code establishes a maximum work wFpeeka of thlirty-fiv~e hours,
w~ith regoulative provisions for at limited amount of overtime for
employees engaged in the manufacture, production, remodelling and
repair of fur articles. Memb~lers of shipping crews and persons em-
ploy~ed in clerical and office wFork, except managers and executives
earning in excess of thirty-five ($35,.00') dollars per wveek, are limited
to forty hours. Me~mbers of shippingr crews are permitted to workr
sixe hours of over-time per weekr during a mnaximumn of five w~eeks per
year, provided that time and one-third is paid for any and all such
over-time wvork.
The standard work wreek for about 90%0 of the Industry has been
forty hours since 1926. The hour provisions of this Code will in-
crease employment bLy approximately 12.,5%. Shortening of the
hours of w-ork as well as th~e restriction of over-time will also have
the effect of increasing the duratio~n of the season of employment.
It is recognized that by no means all of the unemployment in the
Industry will be absorbedl by thle thirty-five hour wFPeek. A condition
exists, however, wherebiy there is a great surplus of available labor
in Newr York, the principal market of the Industry, and a real
scarcity of labor in the out of towlin markets. To so curtail the hours
as to absorb the ulnclmployment in the New York market would place
the out of town markets at a serious disadvantage. It wras necessary
to strikeo an appropriate mesus betw~een the necessities of the New
`York market and all of the other markets of the country. It should
be stressed, however, that the thirty-five hour week: established by
this Code will not sul;~:icintly absorb thie unemployment in the In-
dustry and that as soon as possible, these hours should be further
Reduced.
WAGCE PRIO\ISIONS OF THE CODE

The Codle establishes a basic minimum wa~ge of forty cents per
hour for all employees in the Industry. IMinima are also, established
for the more skilled classes of employees. Classified wiage schedules
are e~minecntly of necessity in this Code. Thie Industry has become
necraoustomed to such-r schedules through a long history of collective
lab~or agreemelcnts, andl the purpose of the Act to establish conlditions
(267)





268


of Fair Competition could not be achieved unless such~ classified wage
rates we~re, included in the Code. The usual opposition to classified
rates has been absent in this case. The Inldustry unanimously agreed
that such were necessary, the only disagreement arising as to the
differentials to be established between the various markets. Manny
conferences were devoted to this latter subject and much data was
subm~itted. It became apparent, however, that the appropriate differ-
entials coulld not be wocr~ked- out by means of negotiation, and could
only be arrived at after an ehust7!~ ivee sur-vey of th-e various m~arkes.
Conseqjuently it was gree~c d thalt thne Administration create arbitrary
differecntials; het w;een the various manrkets and that the Code set up a
special commission to be appoinlted b~y the Admninistrator, for the
purpose of conducting such, a study andi of reporting to the Admninis-
trator on or before July 1st, 1934, with its recommendations aS to
aprpriatze dliffer~entials.
"I~f it should appjear ~tha these wage scales; impose an undlue and
unusual hardship upon any individual or upon any mnarklet prior to
th~e date that the re~onunllendatiions marde by the commission have
been reported~ and embodied in. the Codae in the form of amendments,
such. individual or such market may petit~ionl to thne! Administrator
for relief.
OTHER LABO8R PROVISIONS

The odeproidestha nopersn udereigteen years of age shnaH
be eploed n te atua maufatur offurarticles and that no
other person under sixteen years of age shall be employed in thpe
Industry. Inside contracting is categorically pr-ohibitedc anld outsde
contracting is p-laced~ under stringent regulations. The contracting
system of production is much less developed in th~e Fur Industry
thnin most other b-ranchi~es of the Nedclle Industry. It has never
gained much fothld herparly becueIecanuse of the nature of ther I~n-
~ndury buth principlly becaue, of the objection of both labor and
indutry ~~. Outside contrac~tino- has been proh~ibitedl by the N~ew Yor
Labor Agree~fments for a nllnrior of ~ersl. Both industry and labor
proposed to prohibit cattegorically the contracting system of produc-
tion. It is felt, however, that such a prohibition might be~ unwise
and that for a limited time, at least, an effort be :madle to elimi-
na!te the evils of th~e syps~temn rather than eliminated the system itself.
Shankilll~ it subsequently be found that control of outside contractors
is impossible further and more dransticr steps may be taken.


The Depullty Ad~rministrator in his final report to me on sanid Code
hav\ing found as h-errein set forth an~d on the basis of all t~he proleedc-
ings in this ma;~tter:
1 find that:
(a) Saidl Code is wrsel1ldc~ienes1~ -to F'llllontoe the polic"ies aInd' pur-
poscs otf Title I of thie PNational Inusriaitil RRecovery Acl, ilc~ludingl
I('lnov~al Of (sh-(iru~i ;i~cti to the~ frewl flow~ of inltcetr-t r andl fore'ig~n
1COnilmero c Wllic tc;!h to dimnltish the~ anImantlll thcr~eof aIiclnd ill piro-
vidle for the !Ic';rarl welfare bys promotlingll th~e organnizalioni of in-

by indu~c'ingr and mlain~taining~ unital actionl of labor andl managemenCI1lt





269


under adequate g:overnme~ntarl sanctions and supervision, by elimrinat-
Ing unfair competitive practice, by promoting th~e fullest possible
utllizaltion of the present productive capnecit~y of industries, bry
avoiding undue restriction of production. (except as mnay be t~em-
porarily required), by incrensing the consumption of industrial and
agricultural products through increasing purchelasing powerI, b~y re-
ducing and relieving unemploymrlent, by improving stalndards of
labor, and byr oth~erwise rehabilitating industry.
(b) Said Industry normally employs not more than 50,000 eml-
ployees; and is not classified by me as a major ind-;ust~ry.
(c) The Code as approved complies inl all respects with the p~er-
tinent provisions ofi said Title of said Act, including writhlOut limi~ta-
tion Subsection (a) of Section 3, Subsction (a) of Section 7, and
Subsection (b) of Section 10 thereof; and that the applicant asso-
ciation is an industrial association truly reprpese~ntaive of the afore-
said Industry; and that the said association imposes no inequitable
restrictions on. admission to membership t~herein.
(d) The Code is not designed to and wvill not permit monopolies
or monopolistic practices.
(e) The Code is not designed to and will not eliminate or oppress
small enterprises and will not operatte to discriminate against them.
(f) Those engaged in other steps of the economic process have
not been deprived of the right to be heard prior to approval of said
Code.
For these reasons the Code has been approved.
Respectfully,
HoonK S. JOnIKSON,
A1dminleiit rator.
19117 19, 1934-.












OODEC1 OFi F`AIR COMPETITION FSOR THE ]FU~R M~ANUI
FAC1TUFRING) INDUSTRY

~AnTrous I--PURPOSESI~

To effe~ctuate the policies of Title I of the Nat~ional Industrial Re-
covery Act, the following provisions are established as a Code of
Fair Competition for the F'ur Manufacturing Inldustry, and shall be
the standard of fair competition for this Idustr and shfall be
binding upon every mzember thereof.
AJRTICL;E 11- DEFINITION

1. The terms Fur Man~ufacturing Inldustry or Industry as
used herein mean and include the manufacture, production, repair,
and remodeling of fur articles, and the sale thereof by manufac-
turers and/or producers, or by any firm, corporation or other form
of enterprise totally or partly owned and/or directly ridrcl
controlled by any manul~facturer or producer of sai o id rclfur articles,
whether such sales are made directly by said manufacturer or pro-
ducer or through any sales agency and such related branches or
subdiv-isions as may from time to time be included under the pro-
v~isions of this Code~. Said terms do not include, however, the man-
ufacture and sale by retailers of custom made fur articles manu-
factured to the order and specifications of the consumer and sold
directly to the consumer, nor the repair or remodeling of fur articles
byretailers directly for the consumer nor do saidX terms include
tesale of fur articles by wholesale hr distributors engaged! exr-
clusi~vely in wholesale business in no way connected directly or indi-
re~ctly with any; manufacturer or producer of fur articles.
2. The term fur articles as used herein. means and includes fur
coats, -fur scarfs, fur trimmings and kindred articles made from furs
anc skins.
3. The term employee as used hetrein mneans and inrlud~es any
p'erson: engagred in any phase of the Indulstry, in any capacityT, re-
ceiving compens~at~ion for his services, irrespective of the nature or
method of paymelnt. of such comnpensation, Including members of a
co-part n ership~ or a ~firm or an ofileer, director or stockholder of a
corporation. doing~ such w~rork.
4. The term "emp~lloyver as usedl herein1 means andl includes anyone
by wh~omi any such emlployec e is comllpensated or emlployed.
f;. The term "L membe~cr of the Industry "' as usedt hecrein means and
inludrl~es any p~ersonl, firm, Lco-paSrtnershlip or Ccorporat~io~n, or otheIr
form of enlta rprise excleivelyel or in parit e'ngaged in the Indlus-

i~inciulingr w\jffithou jlimitationl. anyC w~ling~ orga~n;i/..tionl owned or






271


6. The terms "" President ", "LAct ", and "Administrator as used
hzerin shall m~rean respectiv~ely the President of the United States,
Title I of the National Industrial Recover~y Act, and the Aidministra-
to~r for Industrial RecovFery.
Anrcan III-Houns
1. Except as hereinafter provided, no employee shall be permitted
to work in excess of thirty-five (35) hours in any one (1-) week;, nor
in1 excess of seven (7) hours in any wori~ng5 day.9
2. Except as heremnafter provided, nlo over-tim~e whatsoever shall
be permitted in the manufacture, production, remodeling, or repair-
mng of fur articles. Any member of the Industry may apply to the
Regional Industrial Relations Committee for the Regrion in which
such member operates, or, if no Regional Industrial R2eintions com-
mittee exists in such Rkegion, to the Industrial Relations Comnmit~teer
of the Code Authorityl for certification of compliance with all rules
and regulations govermlng the need for the employment of emergency
or over time workers due to shortage of workers. Upon such certa-
fication of compliance, and upon favorable recommendation. of such
Industrial Relations Committee, the Code Auxthority may, subject
to the disapproval of the Aldm~inistrator, permit employment for
overtime workr. In no event, however, shall anly employee be per-
mitted to work in excess of ten (10) hours per week overtime, nor
shall any overtime be permitted during more than eight (8) weeks
in an calendar year, or in any market or locality in which there
does not exist an. actual shortage of available workers. Rates of pay
for such overtime work as may9 be permitted, shall be not less than
one and one-half (11/s) times the normal rate of pay. Subject to
reniew by the Administrator, the Code. Authority may prescribe
additional rules and regulations concerning overtime employment.
3. No employee engaged in the manufacture, production, repair-
mng and,/or remodeling of fur articles shall be permitted to workz
on an Saturdlay or Suday, nor shall any employee be permitted
toprorm any such workr before eight thiirty- (8: 30) At.lM., nlor
after four thirty (4: 30) P.M., which is hereby termed a working
day. In the event, however, that permission is granted a member
of the InrdustryT for overtime employment, in acco~rdance with the
provisions of Se~ction 2e of-I thisArtcl emlo~'cyees mary be permitted
to work after four thirty (4: 30) P.M.
4. The Code Authority with the approval of the Admninistrator
mlay establish such shorter max3imlum wo~rk weepk than thre foregoingr
as mlay be reqcuiredl to further effectuate the pu~rposes of the Act.
5. No person employed2 in clerical or office w~ork, umless he is emn-
played in a managerial or executive capacity and earns not less than
thirty-five dollars ($:35.0j0) per week shall be permitted to work in
excess of forty (40) hours in any one (1) week, or in excess of eight
(8) hours in any twenty-four (241) hour period.
6. Members of shipping ceFres shall not be permitted to work in
excess of forty (40) hours in an~y one (1) week nor in excess of
eight (8) hours in any twenty-four (24) hour period, except that
such. employees may be permitted to workH forty-six (46) hours per
week; during a maximum of five (5) w~eekis in any calendar year,
60675"---544-118---34---2







2729

provided that fPor any and all such work in excess of the fort (4
hourwee, sch mplyeeshall be paid at not less thanonan
one-third (11/,) times the hourly rate payable for the basic forty
(40) hour week.
i. No member of the Industry shall knowingly permit any em-
ployee to work: for an~y time which when added to the time spent at
work for another member or members of the Industry exceeds the
maximum permitted herein.
8. The provisions of this ALrticle shall also apply to al employers
insofar as they therilselves perform the work of craftsmen.
9. The provisions of this A~rticle shall not apply to outside sales-
men.
10. Each member of the Industry shall administer work in hils
charge: so as to provide the maxiinum continuity of employment
practicable for his personnel. Th~e Code Authority shall submlit to
the Admnin~istrator, as hereinafter provided, a plan for th :regula-
tion an~d stabilization of employment in this Industry.
ARTICLE I1 ACTGES

1. Except as hereinafter provided, no employee shall be paid rat
less than the rate of forty cents (40 ) per h~our.
2. No employee engaged in the crafts enumerated below and
emmployed in. areas "A" or "' B ", as hereinafter defined, shall be paid
at less than the following minimum rates:
~Mi~nim~um rate per weeke of th ,fry-filee (35) hours
Cutters: Nailers:
First Class ...... -l--- $50. 60 First Class ,, .. ........ $39. 60
Second Class .... ..- 44. 00 Second Class .......... 33. 00
Operators : ]Finishers :
First Class _,, .., 41. 00 First Claass .. ., 88. 50
Second Class --, -~, 35. 00 Second Class ..,,, 30. 80
8. No employIee engaged in the crafts enumerated below and em-
ployed in area" C "', as hereinafter defined, shall be paid at less than
the followPing minimum rates:
~Min~imzuim rate per wseek of thrrty-five (855) hzocres
Cutters : Nailers :
First Class ,, ,--, $ 45.50 First Class .. ...... $ ;a35.65)
Second Class -,------ 39. 60 Second Class --,.......... 30. 00
Operators: ~Fishers:
First Class -- -,-,- .. 8,7. 60 First Class ----- .... .. 34. 65;
Second Class ._,,-,, 81. 70 Second Class,,, .. ... 27. TO
4. No employee en ag~ed in the crafts enumllerated below and
emnployedl in area D t as hereina after decfined, shall be~ paid at less
than th~e following mimmyum~ rates:
M~irinimum rate per week of thirty!-firee (85) hor
Cu tters : Na ilers~ :
First Class ...-----, $-13.00 F'irst Class,,............ $3~3.70
Seccond Class ..,-,,, ::7. 40 Seesoulll Class ..... ._- 26.40
Opecrators : FinlisChersP:
First Class-_-, __, 3.". 50 Iirstr Class .... 3~ 2. 70
Second Class .,, 3( 30, 00 Second Cluss .... ..--- 26. 20
a See. pnrncrn ph 2 (1) of order apIprovingr this codetl.







273


5i. No employee engaged in the crafts elxnumerated below and ema-
ployed in area "' E "', as herein after defined, shall be paid at less than
the following minimum rates:
Miinimaum rate per wteeke of thirly-filre (15') htowre
Cutters: Nailers :
First Cla ss --------$40. 50 First Clnsei ----,-, $31L. 60
Second Class _-- ---- ,-- 35. 20 Second Class ----,--- 26. 70
Operators : Finishers:
First Class --- __ ----- 33. 45 F~irst Class ,__,,_,_ 30.850
Second Class_-__-- 28. 20 Second Class .. ,,_-- 24. 60
6i. 1F'or thne purposes of this Code the U~nited Sftats shall be divided
into five (5) areas, as follows:
(a) Area "A" shall include the States of New York~, Connecticut,
Massachulsetts, Rthode Island, Maine, New Ham~pshire, Vermont,
New Jersey, Pennsylvania, D~elaware, M~aryTland, and the District of
Colu mbia.
(b) Area "' B ") shall include the State of Illinois and thle City- of
St. Louis, M~iss~ouri.
(c) Area C" shall include the States of Wisconsin, Indin
Ohio, and that portion of the State of M~issouri outside theCiyo
St. Louis.
(d) Area "C D "' shall include the States of Michigoan, Minnesota,
Iowa and California.
(e) AIrea E" shall include all other places in which this Code
is operative.
?. The differentials in the basic rates for the respective areas as
established in Sections 2, 3, 4, and 5 of this Article, as well as the
definition of the various areas as established in Siection 6i of this
Article are subject to modification and revision by the Administrator
on the recommendation of the Special Commnission. .hereinafter
constitu ted.
On or before the effective date of this Code, the Administrator
shall appoint a Special Commaission which shall undertake a study
and8 investigation of the vcTarious markets and areas of the? Industry
and shall, if necessary, conduct hearings in such various markets
and areas for the purpose of determining the extent to which the
provisions of this Article, and, in particular, the extent to which the
differentials herein established, tend to promote conditions of fair
competition between the v~arious markets and areas of the Inrdustry.
Said Special Commission on the basis of such studyg and investiga-
tion shall have powder to recommend to the At~dministrator any moodi-
fication of the provisions of this Article which it may deem necessary
to promote conditions of fair comp~ettiton, including recommenda-
tions for the modification of the definitions of the respective areas,
recommendations ,for t~he creation of new areas, andt recommenda-
tions for a modification, change, increase or deccrense. of the differ-
entials between the respect ive areas. Said Special Commission shall
report to the Administrator with its r~ec~ommndationon as her~ein-
above set forth. on or before July 1, 1934, and any and all. of such
recommen~dations upon approval of the Administrator shall become
effective as part of this Code.
Said Special Commission shall also have such other and further
duties and be vested with such other and further powers as the Ad-






274.


ministrator may from time to time delegate to it, and any such fur-
ther recommend actions, upon the approval of the Ad ministrator,
shall also become detective as part of this Code.
8. The Code ALuthority, with the approval of the Administrator,
shall determine and designate which type of workc in the respective
crafts shall be designated as '"first-class or second-class."' The
basis of suchr designation shall be primarily the skill required and
the tygpe of skinls alnd work of thne respectiv-e cra~tsmen.
9. ~In the event that any of the provisions of this Article impose
an undue and unusual hardship on any employer or on any market,
suchn employer or such market may petition the Administrator for
relief. The Administrator upoli receipt of such petition shall con-
duct such hearings thereon as he may deem? proper before granting
relief.
10. Female employees performing substantially the same workr as
male employees shall, receive the same rate of pay as male employees.
1.Aperson whose earning capacity is limited because of age
physical or mental handicap, or other infirmity, may be employed
on light work at a wage below the minimum establish~ed by a Code,
if the employer obtains from the state authority, dersigrnat~ed by the
United States Department of Labor, a certifieate autijhorizingr such
person's employment at such wages and for such hours as shall be
stated in the certificate. Such authority shall be guided by the in-
structions of the Unlited States Departmtent of Labor in issuinar
certificates to such persons. Each employer shall file monthly witR
the Code Authority a list of all such persons employed by him,
showing the wages paid to, and the maxrimumn hours of w~ork for
such employee.
12. This ~Article establishes minimum rates of pay which shall
apply irrespective of whether or not an emnployJTee is compensated on
a tm rate or other basis, and the Code Authorit~y shall. at times
specifiedl by the Admlinistrator, investigated and report onl the effect
of such rate~ts of pay on fair competition in the Indlustry, and the
continuance of such rates of paly, as m~inimum rates of pay only.
13. No employee shall be complensated on a piece work basis, and
emnployeeccs work2ingr less than the basic thirty-fiv~e (35 ) hour wee'k
shall bepaid proport~ionatel;Y no less than thre minimumn rates pro-
v~id~ed herein. for the basic thirty-five (35) hour week.
14. INo em~ploy-er shall makle any redcuctiol in the full time weekly
earnings of any employee whlose normal full time weekrly hour arez
reduced by twelt~y percent (202), lor es eo thos~es eist~ing; for
the four weeks e~nding July -, 1033. Wen the normal full time
we~ekily hurs of an employee are reduced by) more than saidl percent,
the full timle week~lly wagle of such employee shanll not be reduced b
more than one half of the pecrcentage of'hour reductions above sai
percent. In no evecnt shall hourlyS rates of pa be reduiced, irrespc
tive of whether compe~~c~lnation is actually paid onl an hourlyS, wely
or other ba~sis, nor shall any wages~ b at les thann the millnimum rates
hecrein provided.
Withinl thlirtyy (30') days ofl the effective tlate hiereof, (uinless such
adjusrtmelnt has beel~i ln mad there~tcofore) each emnploycer shall adjust
th chedu~le~~l~ of wage~cs of hiis emlployees inr such an equitalble manner
as wrill conformii to thle p~ovisions here~inabobve set forth, and stil






275


preserve wage differentials reasonably proportionate to those in
effect prior to the effective date of this Code.
ARTCLE V--GENERAL Lteon IPnovisions

1. Nao person under sixteen. (16) years of age shall be employed in
the Industry and no person under eighteen (18) years of age shaHl
be employed in anly maanufacturinlg operations on fur articles. In
the event of a claimr of alleged violation of this section, an employer
shall be deemed to have complied with the provisions of this section,
if he shall have on. file~ anod shall submit a certificate of age issued
by the duly authorized department of the State in wFChich the ema-
ployrer operates, showing the age of t~he employee to be no less than
thre age required by this section.
2. Employees shall have the right to organize and bargain collee-
tively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall be
free from the interference, restr~ain~t, or coercion of employers of
labor, or their agents, in the designation of such representative or in
self-organizationl or in other concerte~d activities for the purpose of
collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection.
3., No employee and no one seeking employment shall be required
as a condition of employment to join any company union. or to re-
frain from joining, organizing or assisting a labor organization of
his own choosing.
4. Employ~ers shall comply with the maximum. hours of labor,
minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of emnploymentt approved
or pr~escribjed by thze President.
5. No emlployer shall reclassify employees or duties of occupations
performed or enlgRage m anly other subterfuge so as to defeat the
purposes or provisions of the Atct or of this Code.
6. Every employer shall provide for the safety and health of his
employees during the hours and at the places of their employment.
Standards for safety and health shall be submitted by the Code
Authority to the Administrator within six (6) months after the
effective date of this Code, which standards, upon his approval, shall
become effective as part of this Code.
'7. No provision in this Code shall supersede any State or Federal
lawp which imposes more stringnt requirements on employers as to
age of emp-loyees, wagers, hours of work, or as to safety, health, or
sarnitary regulations, or insurance, or fire protection, or general
working condcitionsu, than are imposed by this Code.
8. All employers shall post and keep poste~d complete copies of
~Articles III, IVS, and V of this Code in conspicuous places accessible
to employees, and otherwise comply with all posting rules and regu-
lations which the Administrator mayl issue from time to time.
9. No member of the Ilndustry shall amaufacture or produce or
cause to be manufactured or produced any fur articles under condi-
tionls commonly known as inside contracting."
10. The Code Authority subject to the appr~oval of the Adminis-
trator shall, within thirtyg (30) dlays of the effective date of this Code,
and, if necessary, from time to time thereafter, issue Irules and regu-
lations concerning the manufacture and production of fur articles
and/or any part th~ereof that may be necessary or required to finish






276


or complete any fur articles under conditions commonly known as
"L outside contracting "' atnd after such approval by the Adrministrator
no member of the I~ndustry shall manufacture and/or produce or
cause to be manufactured and/or produced any fur articles and/or
any part thereof that may be necessary or required to finish or comn-
plete any fur particles under such conditions as" outside contracting ",
except by- full comnpliance with such r-ules and :regulations, nor shall
any members of the Industry manufacture or produce or cause to be
mnanulfctur~ed or produced any fur articles and/or any part thereof
that may be necessary or required to finish or complete any fur
articles under such conditions of outside contracting unless the
"' outside con~tr~actor shall comply in. all respect's with all such rules
and regu~lations.
W;Iithout limitation, such rules and regulations shall include rules
and regulations concerningr (a) registration of contractors and those
emnploy~ingr con,~tractors; (b) uniform written contracts which shall be
used in all re-lationships between contractors and those employing
contra~ctor~s; (c) the filing of all such written contracts with the Code
Aut~hority-; () reports by contractors and those emrplfoying contrac-
tors; and (e responsibilities of contractors and those employing
contractors for full compliance with the provisions of this Codee and
all amendments w~hen made thereto.
It is expres"sly recognized that outside contractors are members
of the Inldustry and that they shall comply in all respects with all
the provisions of this Code and all amendments when made thereto.
For the purposes of this Code, the term "L outside. contractor "" shall
mlean a~nd inclllud a~ny person employringr manlnufactring labor and
operating in at regular place of business who manufactures or pro-
duces in whole or in part for the account of another any fur articles
and/or any part thereof that may be necessary to finish or complete
anry f~ur articles.
No member of the Industry shall employ any outside contrac-
tors unless such, contractor be an emzployer of manufacturing
labor:1 and op~erating: in a regullar place of business.
The provisions of this Sectiojn shall remain in full force and effect
for six; (6) molcnths from the efetctivre, date of this Code. T'he Spe-
cial Conllnission establishedl inl Sec~tion 7 of ALrticle IV7 of this Code
shall, in addition to its other duties, also study thle contracting prob-
lems~ of the In~rdustry, and, should it :find thatt thle interests rof th
Inldustry will best be served by modification, amendment, or con-
tinutio of he rovisions oft this section, it shall makre to the
AdmnliniIistrIator quh rconnnain hro si a deem neces-
s~ary and such recommendat~lton; ulpon the approval ofteAmn
istrato-r, offer notice to, all p~arties interestedl and such~ healring as
the Administrator ma~y dleem necssary, shall become effective as
al part of this Codec.
11. No manufacturing or p'rod3uct~ion work shall be contraicted for
performances in the hornle of an employees.
12. Anly cmloyc~ c Nlr wh at anly time shall m~nuifacture any fuir
article or atrticles shal~nl be houllnd byg all the plrovisions of this Code
as to all empl~loycos engagedl in w~hole or inl part, in such manufac-
ture. I~n case a,:ny emplloyee shall be e~ngaged pa-t~ly in such manu-
facturle andi pa~rtly in mnlnfufacture of goo~KdS of another character,






277


this Code shall apply to such portion of such empaloyee's time as
is applied to the manufacture of a articles subject to this Code.
Aavicia VI-A~~DMrI N ISTR TI ON

1.. A. Code Aulthority is hereby constituted to cooperate with the
Admlinistr~ator in the administration of this Code. The Industr~y
members of said Ctode A~uthor~ity shall be selected as hereinafter set
forth:
(a) Two (2) members to represent the Associated Fur Coat and
Trmaming Manufacturers, Inc. designated by the Board of Directors
of said association.
(b) TIwo (2) members to repr~esent the New 1York F~iur Trimmning
Manufacturers Association, designated by the Board of D~irectors
of said Association.
(c) Two (2) members to represent the United Fur Manufacturers
~Association, Inc. designated by the Board of Directors of said
~Association.
(d) One (1) member to relrpresent the Chicagao Fur Trimmingo
Manufacturers Association designated by the Board of Director~s
of said Association.
(e) One (1) member shall be elected by the members of the I~n-
dustryr unaffiliated with any of the Associations hereinabove~ enumer-
a~ted, and located in Area "'A" as defined in Section 6 (a) of Article
IVT of this Code. Said election shall be conducted under the supelr-
vision of thle Admrinistrator or his authorized representative.
(f) One (1) member shall be elected by members of the industry
unaffiiatedl with any of the Associations hereinabove enumeratfed,
and located in. anyr other part of the United Stat~es outside of Area
"A_" as defined in Section 6 (a) of _Article IVT of this Code. Said
election shall be conducted under the supervision of the Administ~ra-
tor or his authorized representative.
(g) Three (3) Administration members without vote shall be
appointed by the Administrator, two of which may be appointed
upon the nomination of the Labor Advisory Board of tlhe Nat~ional
Recovery _Administration.
2. Each trade or industrial association directly or indirectly par-
ticipatinga in the selection or activities of the Code Authority shall
(1) impose no inequitable restrictions on membership, and (2) sub-
m~it to the Administrator true copies of its articles of association,
by-laws, regullat~ions, and any amendments when made thereto, tio-
gethter with such~ other information as to membership, organization,
and neti~vities as the ~Administrator mnay deem necessary to effct~uate
the purposes of the ~Act.
3. I~n order that the Code Authority shall at all times be truly
representative o~f the Ind~ustr~y and in other r~espects complly with the
provisions of the Act, the Administrator may prescribe such hear-
mngs as he may deem proper, and may r~equrlre an appropriate modi-
fication in the mrethod of selection of the Code Aiuthor~ity.
4. Nothing containedl in this Code shall constitute the mlembl.ers o~f
the Code Aut~horit~y part~ners for any purpose. Nor shall any member
of the Code A~uthority be liable in any mnanrer to any one for any
act of any other mesmber, officer, agent or employee of the Code






278


Authority. Nor shall any member of the Code Aulthority exercising
reasonable diligence in the conduct of his duties hereunder be liable
to any one for any action or omission to act under this Code, except
for his owcpn willful malfeasance or nonfeasance.
5. If thei Administraztor shall at any tim determn that any
action of the Code Authority or anly agency thereof may be unfair
or unjust or contrary to the public interest, the Administrator may
require that such action be suspended to afford an opportunity for
investigation of the merits of such action and further consideration
by the Code Authority or agency pending final action which shall
not be effective unless the Admimustrator approves or unless he shall
fail to dlisapprove after thirty days' notice to him of intention to
proceed with such action in its original. or m~odified form.
6. Subject to such rules and regulations as may be issued by th
Administrator, the Code Authority, shall have the following powers
and duties, in additional to those authorized by other provisonsl of
the Code.
(a) To insure the execution of th~e provisions of this Code and
to provide ffor the compliance of thrJe Industry with the provisions
of the Act.
(b) To adopt by-laws, and rules and regulations for its procedure
and for the administration and enforcement of this Code, and to
submit the same to the Administrator for his approval, together wit
true copies of any amendments or additions when made thereto,
minutes of meetings when held, and such other informtion as to it
activities as the A~dministrator may deem necessary to effect the
purposes of the Act.
(<5) To obtain from the members of the industry such information
and reports as are required for the administration of this Code. In
addition to information required to be submlittedi to the Code Au-
thor~ityy, members of the Industry shall furnish such statistical infor-
mantion as the Administrator may de~em necessary for thle purposes
recited in Section 3 (a) of the Act to such Fe~deral and State agencies
as he may designate; provided that nloth~inS in this Code shall relieve
any member of the industry of any existmg, obligations to furnish
reports to any government agency. No individual reort shall be
d7isclosed to any other member of t'he industry or any te at x
cep~t to such g~overnmental agcencie~s as may bedrctdb th
A1m i n ist ra tor.
(d) To use such trad3e asvrociationis andu othrii agencies as it deems
proper for the carry~ing out of any of its activities provided for
heremn, provided that nothing herein shall relieve the Code Authority
of its duties or responsibilities under thlis Co-de andl that such trade
associations and agencies shall at all times be subject to and comply
with. t~he provisions hereo~f.
(e) Tlo make~ recollmmendation s to the Admlinistrator for the coor-
dination of the administrations of this Code with such other codes,
if anyS as maynJ 1.0 relaited to or afee~t nwmbeiirsi of this Indlustry~, or
nysulxltivision there~of.
(f) (1) It becinlg foundll necess~ary, in oItlrde to support thle admini-
istrationn of this Co~de and to manintain the standards of fair competi-
tion estabtlishedcr byS this Code1 an~d to effcctua~te thP p)olicyS of the A~ct,
thle Codc Auithor~ity is untlthrizedl, subject to thle app~roval of the






2179


(a) To itncuxr such reasonable obligations as are necessary and
proper for thle ~foreg~oing purposes and to meet such obligations out
of funds which may be raised as hlereinafter provided and which
shall be held in trust for the purpobes of the Code;
(b6) To submit to the Administrator for his approval, subject to
suhnotice and opportuni ty to be heard as he maydeem necessary,r h oeon
(1) an itemized budget of its estimated epne o h oeon
purposes, and (2) an equitable basis upon w~fswhich the funds necessary
to support such budget shall be contributed by members of the
I~n dust ry
(c) Bfer such budget and basis of contribution have been ap-
proved byT the Admninistrator, to determine and secure equit~able con-
tribultionl as above set forth by all such members of the Industry,
and to that end, if necessary, to institute legal proceedings therefor
in. its owpn name.
(2) Each member of the Industry shall be liable for his or its
equitable contribution to the expenses of the maintenance of the
Code Authority as hereinabove provided. Only members of the In-
dustry complymng with the Code and contributing to the expenses of
its administration as provided in Section 1 hereof shall be entitled
to participate in the selection of the members of the Code Authority
or to receive~ the benefit o-f its vo-luntary activities or to makle use of
any emblem or insignia of the National Recovery Administration.
(g) To cooperate with the Admninistrator in regulating; the use
of anly emblem or insignia of the National Recovery Atdministration.
solely by those members of the Industry who have as~senlted to, anrd
are comlyingi wth, this Code.
(h) Toest~ablish or designate, subject to the approval of the Ad-
mimistrator, such agencies on planning and fair practice as mayS be
necessary, which agencies shall cooperate with the Code Authority
in developing fair trade practices and industrial planning, including
teregularization and stabilization. of employment for th e indulstry.
(i) To issue such further rules and regulations necessary to estazb-
lihfurther fair trade practices, as may be recommended by the
agency defined above, and as mayT be approved by the Admin~istrator.
(j) To initiate, consider, and make recommendations for thle modli-
ficatlon or amendment of this Code, which modifications or amend-
ments shall become effective as part hereof upon approval by the
Administrattor after such notice as hle may- speedyg.
(k) To formulate, subject to the approval of the Administrator
an accounting system and methods of cost finding and/or estimating
capable of use by all members of the industry. After such system and
mecthodls have been formulated, and approved by the Admmnistrator,
full details concerningr thm shall be made available to all members
of the Industry. Thereafter all members shall determine and/or
estimate costs in accordance with the principles of such methods.
(1) To undertake, in conjunction with the Code ~Authorities of
related industries, an investigation of style piracy and to reconunecnd
to the Administrator, within a reasonable period of time, appro-
priate. manns for the regulation and control of stgle piracy, which
recommendations, upon'the approval of the Admimustrator and after
such notice and hearing: as he m~ay prescribe, shall become effective
provisions of this Code.





280


(mn) To recommend to the Administrator provisions for Unem-~
ployment Insurance Fund and re~gul~ations to govern th~e adminis-
tration. of said Ftiundl.
(n) To create, subject to thre approval of thze Administrator,
Regional Fur Mianufacturing Code Authoritie~s to assist in the
administering of this Code.
(o) To provide appropriate facilities for arbitration, and, subject
to the approval of the Administrtor, to prescribe rules of procedure
and rules to e~fftect compliance~ with awards and determinations.
(p) T'o appoint a Tirade' Practice Commnittee which shall meet
with the Trade Practice Comnmittee~s appointed under such other
codes as may be related to the industry for the purpose of formu-
latting fair trade practices to govern the relationships between em-
ployees under this Code and employers under such other codles to
the end that such fair trade practices may be proposed to the
Administrator as amendments to this Code and such othe codes.
7. There shall be established an Indlustrial Relations Committee
for the industry, which shall consist of an equal number of r~epre-
sentatives of employers anld employees anda an. impartial chairman.
The Admainistrator shall appoint such impartial chairman upon the
failure of the committee~ to select one by agreement. I~f no truly
representative labor organization exists, the employee members o
such board may be nominated by the ZLabor Advilsory Board of the
N.R.A. andt appointed by the Administrator. T'he employer repre-
sentatives shall be chosen by the Code Authority. Surch comnulttee
shall deal with complaints and disputes relating to labor in accord-
ance with rules and regulations issued by the Administrator. The
Industrial Relations Comm~ittee may establish such dlivisional, re-
gi~onal, and local industrial adjustment agencies as it m~ay deem de-
sirable, each of which shall be constituted in lik~e manner as thle
Industrial Relations Comnmittee.

-ARIC VIA "1-.R.
1. All fur articles produced, manufactured, repaired, or remodeled,
subject to the provisions of this Code shall bear an N.Ri.A. label,
or an authorized substitute therefor, to symbolize to purchasers
of said fur articles the conditions under which they have been
m~anufactured, produced, repaired or remodleledl. The labels to be
borne by fur articles which halve been repaired or remode~led shllnt
be designed in such a manner as to serve both as a receipt to the
customer and as an order ticket for the member of the Inldustry.
2. Under the powers vested in theo Administrator by Executive
Order of October 14, 1933, annd under grant of the necessary aui-
thourity by him, the Code Au~thority shasll have th~e exclusive right
in this industry to issue and f~urnishl said labe~ls to thle mnembers~
therecof.
3. Eatch latbel shall bear a registration numuber especially assignedl
to ea~i ich member of thle industry by the Codle Auth~orityg, and shall
rema~i n at tuched to all such fur articles wh~len soldl.
4. Any alnd all memberlk~Is of the indullstry mlay aplply to the Code
Atuthor~iity for a permiit to purchase and use such NI.II.A. Inbels, whichl
permiit, shall bie grantedcr to themn, but onily, if, andr so long as, they
complly w~ithl this Codle. ThC~ie Codle Authority shal no refuse thle






281


issuance, of labels to any member of the indurstry on the ground of
noncompliance by such member with this Code or with valid rules
and regulations of the Code Authority, unless said Code Authority
is, at the time of such refusal, prepared to certify to the Adminis-
trator that noncomppliance by sc~h. member with this Code and/or
with such valid rules and regulations has been establishedi to the
satisfaction of thet Code Authority after a hearing or notice, and
due opportunity has been given to the alleged violator to be heard.
In. the event the Code Authority so refuses the issuance of such- labels,
a complete file showing the alleged noncompliance by such. member
of the industry shall be certified not later than the dlay following
said refusal, to the Adcministrator, which refusal of the Code ABu-
thority shall be subject to the approval of or modification of the
Adm inist ra tor. The Adtministrator shall, if necessary, certify said
alleged violation for action, to the Nationatl Comnpliance Director
or suchl other G~ovsernmental or Administrative Adgency- as the
Ad~ministr~ator may direct.
5. Subject to the approval of the Administrator, th~e Code Author-
ity shall establish rules and regulations and appropriate mnachinery
for thne issunnce and sale of labels and the inspection, examination
and supervision of the prne~tices of members of the industry using
such lab~els for the purposes of ascertaining the right of such members
of the industry to the continued use of said labels; or protecting
purchasers in rely~ingr on said labels; and of insuring to each indi-
vidual member of the industry that the symbolismn of said label
will be maintained bsy virtue of compliance wmithr the provisions of
this Code by all1 other members of the industry usmng said label.
6. The charge for such labels by the Code Authority shall at all
times be subject to supervision and orders of the Admninistrator.
7. The application of the provisions of this AQrticle shall at all
times~ be subject to'rules and regulations issued by7 the A-dministrator
in respect thiereto.
8. No membel~urr of the industry shall p~urc.hase, sell or exchange
any article mano~nf ncet a red under another Code of Fair Competition
which requ"Ires such article to bear N.RQ.A. label unless such label has
beenl atta~chedl to such Atrticle.

Annan.,T VIII "-TRADE PRACTICE RULES

1. Fior all purposes of this Code the acts described in this article
sh2all c~onstitultc unfair practices. Any mnnlembe of the industry who
shall, directly or indirectly, through any officer, employee, agent, or
representative, knowing~ly engage in, use, employ. or permit to be
employed. any of such unfair practices shall boe gultyr of a violation.
of the Codie.
2. No mathlrer of the indurstry shall publish: advertising (whether
p'rin~ted~, radio, dlisp-lay or of any other nltulre), whrlich is msleading~
or inac~cur~at e in any ma:te~rinI particular, nor shall anly member inb
any way misrepresentl any goods includingn, but without limitation,
their ulse, trademarkr, grade~, quality, q~uantity,, origin, size, substances,
characters, nature, finish, material content or preparation) or credit
term, va~lules, policies, services or the nature or formn of thea business
See paragraph 2 (2) of order approving this Code.





282


condullcted. The nature or form. or character of the business con-
ducted shall be conlsp-icuously posted on his premises by each member
of the industry.
3. No memnberl of thec industry shall use selling methlods or crediit
terms which tend~ to deceive or mislead the customer or prospective
custoiier.
4. NJo member of th~e industry shall krnowvingly with~hold fromt or
insert in atny7 quoint.ion or invoice any statement that mnakes it ins-
accura~te in an~y material particular. Thie Trade nale, where it is
not descr. ptive and nlot qualified by th~e true name of thle skin shall
be deemed~ inacc~urate in a material particular. Wi'henI the Trade
name is not descriptive, the true name shall be printed on the ticket
attached to the garment at the time of its sale.
5. No memnber of the industry shall brand or mar~k or pack any
goods in any manner which is intended to or does deceive or mislead
purchasers with respect to the brand, grade, quality, quantity, origin,
size, substance, character, nature, fis, material content or prepara-
tion of such goods.
6. No mnembSer of the industry shall publish advertising which re-
fers inse~curatelly in any material particular to any competitors or
their merhandise prices, values, credit terms, policies or services.
7. o mmbe ofthte industry shall defame a competitor by falsely
imputing to him dishonorable conduct, inability to perform contracts,
questionable credit stand~cin r, or by other false representation, or by
falsely disparag cingr the gra e or quality of his goods.
8. No memnber o the industry shall publish or circulate unjustified
or unwarranted threats of legal proceedings which tend to harrass
or have the effect of harratssing competitors or intimnidating their
customers.
9. N;o mem-ber of the T'Indusry' shall give, or permit to be given, or
receive any secret payment or allowances of rebate, refund, commis-
sion, credit or unearned discount, either in the form of money or
otherwise, nor shall he secretly extendl to any purchaser any special
services or privileges not extended to all purchasers of the same class
on like telrmls and conditions, nor shanll he give or receive any un-
warranted or exrcessive allowance for any dlamages or allegedlyJ~
damagnedt goods b~ought or sold byr him.
10. No miembelr of the Industry shall pay dircetly or indlirectly any
part of the advertising expenses of any purcharser, prospective pur-
cha~ser, or their agenlts.
11. o iem~ber of the Industtory' shall give, p ermit to be giiven, or
direcctly offer to give anything of value for the purpose of influencinrr
or rewarding the action of any emlployee, agent, or repr~esentative oq
another in relation to the business of the emnployer of suchn employee,
the principal of such a~rent, or the rreented party w~ithlout the
k~nowledge! of suchr em p oye r, pincip~al o partly. This provision
shall not be construed to prohibit free and general distribution of
articles commonly used for advertising except so, far as such articles
are actually~ used -for commercial bribery as h~ereinabove defined.
12. No member of the industry shaEll wilfully inlduce or attempt to
induce the breach of existing contracts between comlpetitors and
their customers or sources of sup~ply by any false or deceptive means;
nor shall any member of the industry interfere withi or obstruct the






283


performance of such contractual duties or services by an~y such means,
with the purpose and effect of hampering, injuring, or embarrassing
competitors mn their business.
13. The maximum terms of sale for fur coats and fur scarfs at
wholesale shall be as follows: 29'o, ten days, end of month (E.O.M.),
plus Manufactulrer's Federal Excise Tax on the sale price of each
article sold. No credit terms shall be granted for a period longe~cr
than four (4) monl-lths from date of shipment. Aill credits for a
period in excess of ten days end of month shall be cov\eredl by the~ pur-
chaser giving his trade acceptance for the purchase price bearing
legal rate of interest from date of shipmnent. The Manufaufcturer 's"
Federal Excise Tax on thne sale price of each article shall be payable
no later than the twenty-fifth day of the month followriing the date of
shipment.t
14. The maximum terms of sale for fur trimmings at wholesale
shall be as follows: net 10 days E.O.1M. plus Mianufact~ixrer's Federal
Excise Taxr on the sale price of each article sold. T~he Mianufac-
turer's Fe'cderal Exc~ise Tax on the price of each article shall be pay-
able no later than the twenty-fifth (25th) day of the months following
the da~te of shipment.
15. No member of the industry or his agent shall ship or deliver
any fur articles on what is known as conlsignmnenlt" or "mlemora,:n-
dum. arrangement, except that a member of the industry may' ship
fur articles for selection or approval, ulpon condition that such fur
articles be returned, or shipped for return, within not mor~e than
three (3) days from its receipt br' the consignee.
16. Except upon approval first obtainedt from the Code Authority,
and in accordance with such rules a~nd regulations as the Code Au-
thority shall issue and the Admrinistrato~r shall approve, and after
such approval. no member of the industry or his agent shall directly
or indirectly:
(a) Accept for credit the return of the whole or any part of mer-
chandise, where the same has been selected and pu!rchlased by the
customer or his agent from stock and shipped pursuant to written
order.
( b) Leave with any buying offices, samples of fur articles.
(c) AQcce~t. and esec~ute any orders placed by Ire;r~ilet buyers, un-
less such resident buyers are registeredc with the Code Authority,
and comply with the above rules and regulatic~ns.
(d) Give exshibitions or promote anly sanles "' or style shows "
writh his owcn fur articles, on the premise~s of a rectaile~r or ewu~tomer.r
~(e) G~ive, furnish, lend, or ship an'y fur articles to any culs~tomer
for the prlT`?)pos of ui~ngr the same as "' show pieces for wrTindow or
otherl displa"y, with the pri-vilege to the customers of returning same.
(f) Accept the return of any fur coats and fur scarfs shipped to
customers nor allow credit therlefor, nlor exchange the samle where
such articles have b-een shipped in accor~dane with spec~ificnt~ionls andt
in full compliance with a wTrit~ten order, and where such articles have
been in the poicscsesion of the pur~chaseir for more than five (5) dayrs,
unless such articles are returned because of latent defects not dis-
coverable by reasonlable inspection.
(g) Accept thze return of any fur trimmings shipped to customerss
nor allow credit therefore, nor exchange the same where such articles
have been shipped in accordance with specifications and in full





284


compliance with a written order, and where such articles have been
in the possession of the purchaser for more than two (2) days,
unless such articles are returned because of latent defects not dis-
coverable by reasonable inspection.
(h) ]Deliver or permit to be delivered any fur articles to anyone
unless a written receipt therefore is received fromt thie customer or
his agent.
17. No member of the Industry shanll sell or service any fur articles
at a price less than his own individual cost as computed by the
uniform cost system provcidted in Article VI, Section 6(k) ~,of this
Code, except that a member of the Industry may meet teprice
competition of another member of the IndustryT whose costs as comn-
puted by said uniform cost system m~ay be lowei, anld except that
this provision shall not apply to seasonal clearance sales and sales
of actually shopworn, defective or dlamalg ed goods. SuLch Shop)-
worn, defective or damagnbed goods shall be plainly mnarked as such.
18. No member of the Industry shaxll maintain for sale any stock
of fur articles, with any resident commission snlesman or emnploy
anmy resident commission salesman, unless such salesman be Icregister~ed
by the member of the Ilndust~ry with, the Code Authority andl said
salesman shall have agreed to comply with thie regulations pe~rtain-
inlg to resident commission. salesmen issued and established byT the
Code Authority and approved by the Adlnminstrator. Such regul~a-
tions shall include among other things: (a) A standard or uniform
contract of employment which shall specify in. detail the terms and
conditions under which such resident commission salesmen may be
employed; (b) The number of members of the Industry who may
emlployr the same resident commission salesman at the same timne;
(c) T'hat suchl resirdent salesmen shall sell or obtain orders only on
non-conflicting and non-competing sample lines of fur articles, and
shall not ship or deliver any fur articles on wPhat is known as
memorandum or consignmnent arrngements, and that such
sale~sm~en shall comply with all other provisions of this Codec, relat-
ing to the sale of fur articles by meImbers of th~e Indlustry.
The provisions of this section shall remain in, full force and effect
for ne () yar from thre effective date of the Code.
Th SecalCommlission. establish~ed in Section 7 of A~rticle IVT
of this Code shall, in addition to its other duties! also study the
matrketing problems of the industry and shlouldl It find, that the
interests of thre industry will best be served by modlificatiol, n, aend-
m~ent or continuation of the provisions of this section, it shall mlake
to the Adlministrator such recommelndations thiereon as it ma,7y deem
nececssary, and sulch rec~ommendnations, upon the approvalI of the
Administrator, shall become eifect ive as a part of thi~s Code.
19. No membtEr of the industry shall emnploy, execute orders for.
or deal w\sith any typle of salesm;nen commnonlly know-n as C" free lance ""
salesmeln or "C roving conuniission salesmien "' unless such salesmen be
registered with thec CodXe APuthority andl havpe agreed in. wr1itingr to
comply withl such~ rules and. regular tions as the Co~de Authority', withl
the approval of the Admlinistrator, mnay establish concerning the
terms and conditions ulnder1 which such class of salesmecn may be
employed, dealt with and compensatePfd by the members of thle
inl ust ry.






285

20. Except as otherwise provided in this Article, no mnember of
the industry shatll~ sell fur articles through anly salesmlen except, such
salesmen as are in. the exclusive employ of suchr member of th
industry, unless suchI salesmen be registered with the Code Authority
in accordance with regulations established by the Code A~uthority
an approved by the Admlinistrantor.
21. No member of the industry shall give any reward or pay any
commission to resident buyers for placing any orders to be executed,
by the seller.
ARTICLE 11 MODIFICTION

1. This Code and all the provisions thereof are express made
subject to the right o~if the President, in accordance with te pro-
visions of subsection (b) of Section 10 of the A8ct, from time to
time to cancel. or modify any order approval, license, rule or regu-
lat~ion :issued-' ulnder Title I of sail A ct, and specifically-, but without
limitation, to the right, of the President to cancel or modify his
approval of this Code or any conditions imposed by hima upon his
approval thereof.
2. This Code, except as to provisions required by the Act, may
be m3odlifiedt on. the basis of experience or changes in circumstances;
suchl modifications to be based upon application to the Administra-
tor and such notice and hearing, as he shall specify, and to become
effective on approval of the President.

AnricSLn X-1Wl~ONOPOLEEs, EITo

No provision of this Code shall be so applied as to permit mnonopo-
lies or monopolist ic practices, or to eliminate, oppress, or discriminate
against smal e nterprises.
Aeror XI -PmCE INCRCEASIES

Whereas the policy of the Act to increase real purchasing power
will be made impossible of consummationn if prices of goods and
services increase: as rapidly as wages, it is recognized that price in-
creases shouh1 be delayed. But when made such. increases should,
so far as possible, be limited to actual increases in the selle's costs.
AaLorm~ XII ETEEF~l~EPU VAAT

ThIis Code shall become effective on and after t~he second Monlday
after the approval by the President.
Approved O s~de No. 436.
Registry NFo. 0)12-03.




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