Code of fair competition for the boot and shoe manufacturing industry as approved on October 3, 1933 by President Roosevelt

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Title:
Code of fair competition for the boot and shoe manufacturing industry as approved on October 3, 1933 by President Roosevelt
Portion of title:
Boot and shoe manufacturing industry
Physical Description:
p. 541-549 : ; 24 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- National Recovery Administration
Publisher:
United States Government Printing Office
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:

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Subjects / Keywords:
Footwear industry -- Law and legislation -- United States   ( lcsh )
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federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

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Additional Physical Form:
Also available in electronic format.
General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Registry No. 904-1-05."
General Note:
"Approved Code No. 44."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004942859
oclc - 63654898
System ID:
AA00006718:00001

Full Text

























































I


Registry No. 904--1--05


Approved Code No. 44


NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMIINISTRATION




C ODE OF FAIR C OMPE TIT ION
FOR THE


BOOT AND SHOE

MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY

AS APPROVED ON OCTOBER 3, 1933
BY
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT


AFE DO OUR PART


U.S. WIPO~tTORY cutive Order
2. Letter of Transmittal
3. Code






UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRIN~TING OFFICE
WASlHINGTON: 1934


For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. ----


. -Price 5 tents


MBRd






















This publien~tion is for sale byT the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, W~ashington, D.O.,.and byr district offces of the Bureau of Foreign
and Domestic Commerce,
DISTRICT OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

Atlanlt:1 Ga.: 504 Post Office Building.
Birmingiharm, Ala.: 257 Federal Building.
Bo~ston, Mauss.: 1801 Custombhouse.
Bufftalo, N.Y.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Charlleston, S.C.: Chamber of Comumer~ce Building.
Chicago, Ill.: Suite 1706, 201 N~orth Wells Street.
Cleveland, Ohio: Chambler of Commnerce.
Dallas, Trex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
D~etroit, Michl.: 2213 First Nationlal Bank; Building.
H~oustonz, Texr.: Chambercl of Com~mer~e: Building.
Indianapolis, Ind.: Chamber of Commuerce Building.
Jacksonville, Fila.: Chamber of Comlmerce Building.
Kansas City, MLo.: 1028 Balt~imore Avenue.
L~os Angeles, Calif.: 1163 South Broadwany.
Louisville, Kiy.: 408 Fe~deral Building.
M~emphis, Tenn. : 22 Federa~l Building.
Mlinneapolis, M~inn.: 213 Federal Building.
New Orleans, La.: Roomn 225-A, Custombhouse.
Newv York, N.YI.: 7341 Customhouse.
Nor1folk, Va.: 406 East Plume Street.
Philadelphia, Pa.: 033 Commercial Trust Building.
Pittsburzrh, Pa.: Chamber of Commlerce Building.
Portland, Ov'eg.: 215 New .Post Offlee Building.
St. Louis, Mo.: 506 Olive Street.
San Franrcisco, Calif.: 310 Customhouse.
Seattle, W~ash.: 800 Fedleral Dtuilding.











SApproved Code No. 44


CODE OF FAIR CO~MPETITIION
FOR THE

BOOT ~AND SHOE1 MANUJFACTURSING INDUSTRY

As Approved on October 3, 1933
BY
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT



Executive Order
An app~rlction havi;ng- been duly made, pursuant to and in full
compliance with the provisions of Title I of the hNatiolnal Indus-triall
Recovery Act, approved June 16, 10,3:3, for my approval of a, Code of
Fiair Competition for the Boot and Shoe Mianulfactu~ring Indulstr~y,
and h~earings having been held thereon and the Adm~inistrator ha-v-
ing rendered his report containing an analysis of the said Cod~e of
F~air Com~petition, together wvith~ his !rellllcnunendation and findings
with Ierespec~t therecto. and the A~dministrator having found that the
said Code of Fair Competitionl complies in all resplec~ts with the
pertinent provisions of TIitle I of said Act and that the requnire-
ments of cnlauses (1) and (2) of subsection (a) of Section 3 of the;
said Act have been. met:
NOW, THEREFORE, I, Frankrlin D. Rloosevrelt, President of the
United States, pursuant to the authority restedl in me by Title I of
the IiNationll Industrial Recovery Alct, approved June 16j, 1933, and
otherwise, do adopt and approve the report, recommelcnda7tio~n and
findings of the Admllinistr~ator and do order that the said Code of
Fair Competition be and is hereby approved, subject to the followving
condition :
(1) Becaus~e it is evident that attempts by those submitting code~s
to Inte~pret. Section 7 (a) of the National Indlustrial Recovery Act
have led to confusion and raisalnderst~ trading, such interpretation
should not be inceorporated in Code; of F'air Competition. Therei-
fore, Article IV muslit be eliminated.
FRANK~(LINJ D. ROOSEVEL;T.
ALpprov~al recommended :
]HUGII S. JOHNSON,
A-1dmbo'd ~ f ir aor.
THEi WHlI-ITE 'IOUSE,
October 3, 10JJi,.


(541)


29,114o--296-7i8-34











The PREsIDEN'T, OCTOBER 3, 1988.
The White Housr~e.
Mr ~DE~AR MR. PRESIDENT: Thi1 S 1 a report of thle hlearingo on the
Code of Fair Comp~etitio~n for the Boot and Shoe Mannufacturinga In-
dustry in the United~ States, c.ondcuc~ted in Was~hingto n on September
12, 19,33, in acodnc e~~~lll~ with the prov\isions~ of the Natiolnal Ind~ustrial
Rcoveryl~ Act.
PI1l,1 NIONS~ OF T'IllS CO.DE. AS TO AGT~ES .\ND) MI.URS
Arr-rInx-: V-HUour~s and'r Rates of P~ay
Section, 1. Noi employeeF inlu(]dinga offiCe~ w'orkers. (eCSeplt as here-
inafter p~rovided'c), shall work more than 40 ho(urs~ in I wveek: pro-
vided, how-ever, that during; anly 8 weeks of a 6i m~onthsj' period (the
first p~eriod~ to begin on the effc~ctive dalte of this Codec) em~ployee s
may wrorki not more than 45 hours a weeki. T~ime in exlcss of 8 hlour~s
p~er day shall be paid on the basis of time and one-third2. Thle for~e-
goill(ng aximlum hours of labor and(. over~timel paymncit, how-~ever, shall
not apply to outside sailesmnen, wa-tchmnen, firemen, cleaneirs, or to
emlployees in a managerial or executive capacity who r~eceive mnore
thaln $35 per weeki. Said maximum hours of labor shall nlot apply
to empl-loy'eel doing lemergeiyIlnyminltena~nce, andll repair w~ork, or
w~orkl where restr~ictions of hours of workers on c~ontinulous processes
wouldl unavoidab~ly reduce production or interlrupt employment, but
inr any sulchl cases, at least tim~e and~ o~ne-thiird shall ber pidi~ for timne
w-orkedt in excess of 8 hours per doy1 or 45 h~ourls per w\eek.
81 e~tion 92. No male employee shall be paid less than 374.2 cents per
hour~11 or fema;le emplloyee less than 321/2 cents per h'our in any city
overcl 25i0,000 populllatlionl; nor1 male em~lploy-ee less than 36%~ cents per
hlour or femaizle emplloyee less than 311/4 -enits pier h~our~ in any city
between 20,001~0 and f250.000n pc.pula;t olo, inclusive; nor maale emlploypee
less than. 35 cenrts p~er' hour or female emplloy-ee less thani 30) cents per
hour in cities or towns of less than "c0.000l p~opula~tionl; except that the
mliniumalllIn raes of 35 cen~its per hourii for mailes andr' :30 ents per hour
for females shall apply to all cities and towns~, regardltl e ss of size. in
the following States: Vi rgi n~i. W1, est Viirgi n i: Nor~th Ca rol il, South

sippi, Louisiana, Arkl~~lansas Okillahorun, and1( Texazs. Teeslb
no, di criminati~f onl in wages~ by runs~ion of -;x.:n and whrle inl any ensee
w~omnc l do substantfiaii~lly the, samie work1. or perIformII susanll y theli~
hiamel duties~. a;S men they'S sha~ll receive the samle rate of wagesc. Pro-

Yrat i8 110('>. tilrm 8Q pereel'itcl of thle Illaminstantl rate:p sll11 apprl)enti ee
rlass. howeve\-r, shall not consist of micrc thanll 5 pe~lir')nt Of nil1 em~-
p~layrs~~ in, any est~ablishmen~rt.
Rediano 3. Not~ Iitier than January 1 .1' 1934~. thei P~lannlimr~ and Fair

wnge~ sale~ cnnininedl('~ he~r'inl an sll onll~lit its repot',~~ and1 reCOrumendaICI-
tios teren t th Ahnii-tato no l tr than Miar~ch 1. 1!):4.






543


Seciofnr h. U~nsklled~ emplnl oyees i'Peceving in xcess oef the. foregroingb
mlinimuml rates of pay shall not be reduced; and equitable adjust-
ments in all pay schedules of employees receiving more than thle
mninimumll rates shall be m~ade not later than 30 days after approval
tofor tis Coe byc ny employers in the Industry who have not here-
tooe aesuhajulstmnen~ts under the Presidenlt's Rleenliploymelllnt
Agreement.
S(cotlio 5. Employers and employeesci may make mutullyf3I 1 Satis-
factory wange agr~tjleemet-; envecring thre employment of the inrfirml, par-
tially d'isable,lc or physicnlly handicappdc`:l if such employees do not
constituted more than 5 percent of the total number of Elnployeees.
Bectfionl 6. Piecew~orkiers shall be paid at least the minimum am~cunlt
per hour prlescrribed in section 2 of this article for the time employed.
Sectfioni 7. Employers in the industry shall not employ any mmllor
undler the age, of 16 years; prov-ided, however, that where a State
law provides an, older m~immilum age, no person below the age speci-
fled byr such State law; shall be employed by the indus~ltlry within that
State.
I:C'e NOMIC: E:FFEC:T OF THEF CODE

I~n approaching this probleml certain assumptions as to business
levels musllt be made. To a~ssumle a shrinkage from the early levels
of this yearl is to assume failure of our program.
Thec hours of the Code, after providing for a short peak of 45
in each half year, hold to an absol-ute m1aximum of ~40 hours per
wveek~. Such a condition must of necessityr mean an effective aver~tlag
of something under 40O--more nearly 37T-hours per w~reek.
Assumling a continua~tio ni of the level of business of the early
months of this year, the number of w\orkersl employers in this industry
should reach the highetct point of approxima~tely 225,000, which was
the numbrrcl employed in Septemnber 19"9. In view of the drifting
away o~f workers from the industry? that has taken place since 1929
it seems pr~obable that some small amount of recruiting muit result
from the hrours established.
The minimum wage provisions of this Code will affect directly
over 60 percent of the wage earners in the South and ovrer 30 per-
cent of thne wage eane~lrsr irn the North. Increases from. the level
of the first quarter of 19.32 will be required of as much as 50 pece~~nt in
the South anld over 30 p-er~enit in the North. On account of the
further decline in wages in the latter half of '1982 it is evident that
the increase from the early 1933 levels will be ev-en greater. It seems
safe to estimate that purchasing power will be increee~d by 30 per-
cent.
While the differential in wfagrerates for cities of dlifferent sizes
is not common to codes, the amount of the dtifferecntial provided in
the Code is far less thaun th~e differential which, as a fuect, has existed.
It is believed that failure to rteognize certain cost d.i-nadvantages
of sma~ller communnitiezs w-ould disrupt materially the competitive
situationl inl this industry and might result in an appr~c~ciable shift
in the indlustr~y. The fact that a large part of the machineryy used
is pleased remnoves some of the pcr-nnlty normally involved in a chafngre
of locations.
Thle B~oot andc Shoe Manrufacturiing Industry is ninde~ up of nearly
1,000 units belonging to ov~er 750 different concerns anld spreands over







544


a large part of the United States, both in large and small comm~uni-
ties. The bringing together of this diverse group into the Code
attachled hereto is, in itself, an accomplishment of no mean propor-
tion and a long~r step toward the purploses set forth in the Nationdl
Industrial Recovery Ac~t.


Incnofar as consistent, with the. foregoing provisions, employers in
the Boot atnd. Shoe Mranufac~turing Indrustry may~ continue present
employer and employee relations, and thle selection, retention, and
advancement of emlploYees shalill be on the basis of individual merit
without reg~arld to their affliationl or nonaffiliation withl any labor
or o~thler organization.
This clause should be elimiiinatted, anld it is recommnde~nld thiat t~he
3ExecutivF~e border be iiued acrordingrly.
IFINDINGS

rLlThe- Am i ni t ra3t or fi nds th~at--
(a) The1~ Codle as recommended c~omplie~s in all respects with the
pertinent provisions of Title I. of the Act, in~c-luding, without limi-
tation, sub~sec~tion~ (a) of Section 7 and subsec~tionl (b) of Section 10
thlereof ; and that
(b) The applicant group impostesj no inecqu~itable restrictions on
admission to memberl~'lsh ip) therein anad is truly reprel~~sentat ive of the
Boot and Shoe Manu fnet uringr Industr~y ; and that
(c) The Codie as recommended is not designed to promote monop-
olies or to eliminate or oppress small enterpri~ses and will not operate
o''t~eI fteo discriminate against th)em~, and will. tenld to effectuate the policy
of ite ofth Ntional ]Indulstr~inI Reovery Act.
lIt is recommlendr'ed, therefore, that this Coe ithl Article IV
el imina ted, be immediately allopted.
He pcsltfullyy submittedl.
HUGH S. JOHNSON,
Admn~inlistrator.










CODE OF AIiR COMPETITION


FOR THE
BOOT AND SHOE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY


ARTICLE I-P~URPOSES
Secitionl 1.-To cooperated~ with thle Pr~esidlent of the Unlited~ States
in effectuating th~e policy of Title I of the NSational Inldustr~ial Re-
covery Act thle followring provisions are establish~edl as a Code of Fair
Compettitonl for the Boot and Sh~oe Manufacturinga Industry,, com-
prisinga thle mnanu~fa cture of boots, shoes, sandals, slippers, moccasmns,
legginigs, over-gaiters, andc nIIIclle footw-ear c~hiefly of leather, andl nlso
footwear of canvas andi other textile fabrics, togeqtler with such other
products of the Boot andc Shoe Industry as may fromn time to timne
beinc~ludedl in this Code.
S~c~tioz a.--This Code is not des~igne~d to promote or permit IInonop,1-
olies, or mnonopjolistic practices. or to elimmante or oppress smlln en-
ter~prises, or to operate to d~iscr1im~-inate agrainst them.
HITICL, E Ill -ADMINISTRAFTIO N
The Na~tiolnal Boot and Shoe Manlufneturers' Ass~ciationl (incor-
pa~ratedl under th~e laws of the State of New York), which shall
not impose inequitable restrictions upon admission to membership
therein, is her~eby constituted the agency for admiinistering, mn co-
operation wi~th the Administrator of the National Industrial Re-
covery Act, the provisio~nsi of this Codie for the Boot and Shioe
Mann ufa ct urin~ I~ndust ry.
The Board of Directors of the National Boot and Shoe Manul~-
facturler~s' Association shall be elected byT a fair method approvedtc
by t~he Administrator of the National Industrial Ree\cvry Act, and
shall be truly repr!esentative of the indus~try.
A Planning and Fair 1Practice Ctommlittee shall be elected fr~om
said Board of Directors by a fair method ap~proved~ byr the Presidlent
of the United States, wh~o may appoint thereto three mlembler~ with-
out vote. The Plresident of the National Boot andi Shoe Mlanu~fac-
tu~rer~s' Association shall pJresidle at meectingsi of the Planningr and
Fair Practice Committee with vote in case of tie, and the Mialn~agng
Director of said Association shall be a member thereof without vote.

ARTICLE III--STATUTORY PROV.ISIONS

Emplloyrers in the Bo~t 'and ;Shoe Mal~nufac~turing Inldustryr shall
ccomlnylS ithz the following conditions of the National Industrial
Recovery Act :
Bectioni 1.-T'ihat emp~loyees shall have the r~ight to organize and
bargain collect ivel~y thr'ough representatives of their ow\7n choosing,
and shall be free froml the interference, restraint, or coercion o
(54 5)






546G


emplloyerls of labor, or their agents, in the designation of such rep-
resenitatives or in self-organizaltion or in other concerted activities
for the purpose of collective barga~inigr or others mutual aid or pro-
tection .
Section B.-ThI~at no employee andl no one s=eekiing employment
shall be requ~irecd asi a condition of employmentn to join any com-
pan umn o t refrain from oic-~lning or~gniizinig, or assising a
lbrorganization of his own chloo~sing.
Section 3.-That employers shall comply with the maximumn houlrs
of labor, minimum rates of pay, and othcr condlitions of employment
approved or prescribed by the ]President.
*A ~rTIC`LE IV-EMPILOY~:cEn-EMPLOYF. E RI-.~ I..'1TION S YIlPS

Insofar as cojnsis5tent wlith thle foregroing po\ isionls, employers in
the Boot and Shoe M~anufacturing Ibndustry may continue present
emp~loyer" an1d employee relations and tle: selection, retention, and
advaincemnent of emp~loyees shaill be on. the basis of indlividual merit
without regar11d to their affiliation or nonumlffliatio, n withz any labor or
other organization.
ARTICLE VE-Hors ano RATE OF ]PAYL

S'ction 1 i.--N-o employee, including officer workeruls (except as herlein-
after provided), shall wcork more than 40 hlour~s in onle w~eek: Pr~o-
2ltlide, however, T~hat during any 8 weeks of a 6 mnonthls' period (the
first p~eriodl to beginl on the e~ff~c~tive date\ of this Codle), employees
mnay workr not more than. 45 hours a weeck. Tfimle in. xccess of 8 hlolr~s
per day shall be pa~id on the basis of time and onel-~Third. TIhe forec-
going maximnuml hiours of labor and overitimer payment, how-ever,
shall not apply to outside sal~llesme, w\catchmen.ll friremn, cleaners, or
to employees mna manlnagerld or executive capac~ity who r~eceive more
than $35 per week. Said max~imurim hours of labor shall not apply
to employees doing emergency,3 ma~intenance anld repair wrork, or
wYork w'Chere~ re.Stric.tionsl ~ of hours of' w~orkers1 on corntinurous processes
wVould ulnavo7idabll~y reduce prodlc~tio~n or interrupllt empl~oym11ent, bult
in any, such~ <;-a-,. at least time un~il onie-third~c shall he paid for timec
w~or~k~ed in. excss of 8 hours1' p~er dlay or 45i hoursl' per wee'Ck.
Section 2.-No ma1lie employee shanll be pa;idl les than 371.. cents
per hour or femalel employers\ less than ::L16 cents per hoir in aIny city
ovr,\ C250,000) population; nor male elmploye! e l~ess thani ;1cq cents
per hourlt or female employee le1-< tha~n 311, a cenlts p~er hlourl in anly
city butweencc~l 20,000 and 2.-sciuno poplanl~tion,, inlctlusive;~ nor, malc e
emp~lloyee~ 10.-.s than Sn cenlts~ per hour" or femn;TI cll eployee less tha~n
30! cents per hou~ir m cities or 1Iowns1 of less thanII "(0.000~ Ppoplationl;
exsce-t that th~e minimiiumn rates of :SL crent- per hourlM for mailes and
30( ceints pecr houir for femar~les.i 21hall a~laly to :111 (ities and1 tow~ns.

N\orth1 Card'inail. Southll Carolinfall Georml'in. FIjtlorida. KetuCkyl~'i, Ten-




Thisu article 11 I. I It. per Inlas I:IIIgnIpleI1 of l*..r.FilliY s fil1r (l. r, i llrov tisI Code.






547


Lsame ra~te of wagn~es: Proliddcc further, Aqpprentices dur~ing~ a 6 w~eeks'
per`'iod may~! be pa;idl at a rate not less thian 80Y percent of th~e mininuiiinn
rate~; sulch appr)'entice c'lass. however. shiall not consist of more than
5 ierent of all empllloy-eei in anly establishment.
Secctioni :1.-Noct later tha:n Januaryr 15. 1934:, the Planningr and
Fair Pruc~tice (columitte~e shazll undertake an inves~tigaltion of the
m~ininnunl wng;le scale cointindc h~ercinl aInd submit its report and
r'ecommendatIl~t i ons thlereon to thle Adm!inistratltor not later than MarIIch.
1. 1934.
S~ecitionz 4.--Enek!illedl~ employees 1rece~ivIno- in excess of the foregol-
ing m'inilnunn rates of pay shall not be reduced; and equitable and-
justm~ent- j in all pay schedules of employees receivingr mlole than the
minimum rantes shall be mlade not Inter~ than 30 days after a~pproval'
of thlis Code by any! iempl~loyers in the Industry who have not her~e-
toforei~ made su~ch adjus~tmlents und7er the Presiden~it's Reemploym~yent
Agrleemnent.
Section 5.--Emp1:loyers and employees malry make mutllelly satis-
factory wag3e agreemerints cover~ing the employment of the infirmu, par-
tially dlisabledr or physically ha~ndie~npp~ed if such employee-; do not
constitute more thanll 5 per~cent of the total numnber of empl~loyees..
SeCrrtionl C.--Piecework~lers shall be paid at least thle minimum~ln
amlount p~er' her111 prlescrlibed in Section 2 of this Alrticle for the times
em >loyedrt.
ectioz 7.--Employers~ in the Industry shall not employ anly mmnor
under the age of 16 years; pr~ovided, howevj\er, that where a State lawv
provides an oldler minimllum age, no person below the age spec~ifiell b~y
suoch State law shall be emlployed by the TIndustrJ within that State.
A~ner.E VI--REP:ORT~S AND KEEPING OF ArmewrsT\'1~;

Section 1.--The Plalningg and Fair Prlc~tice Coiiiniittee heretinhe-
fore described shall require Itmembers of the indrustryl\ to keep such
accounts andr sbit)lllf to the National Boot andt Shoe Ma~l~lnufcturers'
Association for custody and compilation such reports from time to
i~time as mnay' e necessary to effectuate the policies of the National
Industrial Recovery Act and the admnini-tlration of this Code. All
statistical data filed in accordance with the pro~visio-ns of this sec-
tion shall be held confidlentinI by the N~ationd:I Boot and Shoe Mnu~li-
facturecrs' Asisoc~iation, and the dlata of one~ emlploy~er shall not be re-
vealed to any other employer. In addition to information requlir~ed
to be submitted~ to the National Boot arndf Shoe Mnnlufacturers' Asso-
ciation. there shall be furlnished to Gover~nment agn~rlcis such statis-
tical information as th~e Admninistrator may deemn necessary for the
purpIoses recite d inl Sectioln 3 (a) of the National Induslctr'ial ReCoveryI'
Act. Failure on the part of any ma~;nufacturer in the Industry
promptlyr to supply' sulch information as requir~ed- undrer this Article
shall be in violation of this Code.
Sctfioir 3.-The Nt ioinal Boot andi~:I( .Rhoe Manufor~turersI' Associa-
tion is aulthorizedl from timne to tim~e, as occasion ma~y arise, to mn-
vest~igate and informl thle Pres~ident ofP the Ulnited States on behalf of
the Industry regarding~r impor~tation of competitive articles into the
United States, in ordertj~ that such impor~tationrs .may not defeat the
purposes of the National IrulustrinI Recovecry Ac~t.






548


ARTICLE 1-[CHARCGES AND COLLLECTIONSS OF IFUNDS

Sec~tion.1 .-Flior the purpose~ of admlninlsti sterin this Codec, thle Plan-
ning and Fair Pradctice Coniunittee is authlorized to charge each
manufacturer in thes Indcustry in the Unlited Sjtates one hlundredth
of 1 percent (.0001%/) of the gros, s sales o~f iiuch mann ufactur~er for
the callendar~ year 19:3", or for his fiscal year sending in 1932, pro-
vided that no surchT amount sha~11ll b less thlan $.30); andl during thle
opel'ration~ of this C'ode to make such fur~ther~ charges'~ or 1reuctions
as m~ay be found nlce.cssar~y.
Sect~ion1 B. Such fulnds corllc~tedl for the administration of this
Code shall be deposited by the treasurer of thle National BIoot and,
Shoe Mianllucrtur Iers' ALssrc~iation in. a special account andt used only
for defraying thle exese~~ls~ of nami;tlntistrato th~erecof, for thle r~einl-
burseinentcllt of the National Boot and Shoe M~anulfa~ctur ers' Associationl
for sulch exspenrses as already incurred and which may thereafter be
incurred in complying writh. conditions of this Code.,
ArrrI' Es VIII--TRAD1E REGULA..TIONS


(at) Ali~lhr~anding of products, inlctludingr use of names of mnan-
ufacturers, wholccsalers, or retailers, in or onl products or car-
tons not made~C b3y them or for theml is unfair and in violation
of this Code.
(b) Adver~ctisingb of such charac~terl as to mlislead~ wvith r~espect
to value, equality manufctue rcoercio fpodcsi
unfatir and in violation of this Code.
(c) The imiitation, imllTulat ion, or user of t radlc- mar11ks, slogan ns,
or others marks of iditintificantion hat-ine tendencync and capacity
to mlisleadl or d~eceive pulcnr~chaser is unfair andlr in1 violation of
this Code.
(d) Contributionls by manulfactu1rer of all or part of thle
c~ost of cuIstomers''s advrltising, where the manufacturers' name
or trade~l-rinark does not appearn~ in sulchl :Ih~erticing, is in vio-
Intionr of thiis Codl~e.
Section j 91.-Sys l.use na I~:.(wC tice of sel~ing below cost is dectrimeintO~ to the Indulstry; and each
mnufoell ctureru shall submit upon reques~ct a s~tatemelnt fr~omi a certified
public ncCounr(ltan rec~ogrnizedl by thc Plainning and( Falir Practice
Committee for thle Industry as qua~lified,. to the etef~ct thatI suchl ma~n-
o~f~c~ture~r has a proper c ost-a~ccounting II ys3'tell: whichl sitatemlent,
how-ever., may niot be neceptedl~~ as final: hyv the Plainning andi Fair
Prac~tilve Conun-itcee eitherl as to cosllt amount~llling' or as to) selling"



ers mn thie t:Mle on a noct basis or withi Insh discountlls is permnis-
tib~le. hut in no c'as c.-hallnl a dliscou~ntt in exr'\css of 5 p'ercent be
allowel~~ d: saidl-i.Cllonut to ber ali~nwed fnc~ paymen1Clt of hiills within
30 (1ay\- f?rom1 delivery darte Clpw~i~lle mii !1 he odril~il orI llae of
hil n llnlt iJf Inter, 1.1 days n.1.1~itional~l -\sct o~f -the R~ocky






549


(b) At the expiration of 30 days, with 15 days additiolnnI west
of the Rocky Mlountains! no cash discounts shall be allow-ed.
(c) Such terms shall not be subverted or evaded directly or
indirectly through allowances, trade discounts, selling below
cost, or' rebates of any- kind.
~Sectfion .'.-SPETC.IA L CA4RTON$.S.-$ 601 cartoOS Or Inklels rc0'(ine
more than those regularlyy suppfied by the manulfacturer sha~ll be
charged for inl the amount of such excess cost.
Sec~tionl 5.--UNKSTITFIABLE RETURNiS, EXCESSIVE CLAIMS, AND UrNFA~IR
CANC-CELA:TION.-The methods of coop~erativelly exchrangingl~ informalll-
tion regarding such pranctices throulgh the National Booct and Shoe
M~anulfacrture r~s' Ass~ciation mnay be recomnmended to be continued
subjet to the appr'ovanl of the Administr~ator.
Sectiio I.-S,1~TYLE SHOWus.--Style shlows7, shoe fairs, and exhib~itions
have been found to~ be numerous and costly to the indus~ctry Par'-
ticipatiorn by~ paying a fee to thle sponso~rs or promloters~ of such
affairsL shlnl constitute a violation of this Code, except nw~eting~ in
St. Louis in Janluary, 19341, and exhibitionis uinder1 the direction of
the N'ational BooJ~t a7nd Shoe M~nulfacture~~s rs' Association with no
obligation on thep p~art of any manufacturer to participate. Nothing
contained in this paragrnph shall be construed as preve-ntine~r re-
gional m~et~ings or conventioons where no fees to the manuforlturersl.;
are charged or contributions received from them. This s~c~tion. shall
not be evadced by pr~ovisions for associate or sustaining Inuanblerships,
advertising in programs, or in any other man~nie r whlat never.r
ARTICLE IX--CHANGES
This Code, or any of its provisions! is subject to chai~nge and
mlodificartion; aInd may be amplified by th~e addition of otherl pro-
visions by the administrative ngency3 with the approval of the Plresi-
dent of the UCnited~ SCtates.
A2RTICL X-MO`l f(DIFI C.\ TIONS
This Code anid all the provisions thiereof ar~e expr~eselyr made sub-
ject to the right of the President, in accordance w~ith the p~rovision of
subsection (b) of Sjection 10 of the National Inldustr~ial Recovery
Act, fromt time to time to cancel or modify any or~der, approva,l1icense,
rule. or regulation issued under Title I of said Act and specifically,
but without limlitation. to the right of th-e Presidenit to ennecel or
modify his approval ,f' this Code or any conditions imposedl b~y him
upon his approval thereof.
ARTICLE XZI -DATE EFFIECTIV'E
This Code shalll become effec-tive imnmediately upon" the exp~iration
of 10 days after ;Ipprovanl by\ the President of the United States,
and! shall terminante upon termiination of Title I of the iNational
Indrustrial Rec~overy~ Act. Such termination, however, shall not
affect oblligation andl liability for p~ayment of any charges levied
under this Code as providedl in Artic~le VII.
Applroved~t r:coe No. -14.
Registl'y No. 901 '1 '0.1.




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