Code of fair competition for the flat glass manufacturing industry as approved on December 22, 1934

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Title:
Code of fair competition for the flat glass manufacturing industry as approved on December 22, 1934
Physical Description:
39-57 p. : ; 23 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- National Recovery Administration
Publisher:
Supt. of Documents
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Flat glass industry -- Law and legislation -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available in electronic format.
General Note:
"Approved Code No.541 ; Registry No.1021-1-06"

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004851489
oclc - 63655028
System ID:
AA00006540:00001

Full Text






NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMTINISTRATION



CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
FOR THE

FLAT GLASS M~ANUFACTURINiG


For-eale byr the Suprntendent of Documents, Washington, D,. C. -. -. -. Price 5 cents


Approved Code No. 541


Registry No. 1021-1-06


WE DO OUR PART


UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
W3ASHINGTON: 1934


INDUSTRY


AS APPROVED) ON D)ECEMBER 22, 1934

























This publication is for sale by the Superinteendent of D-ocuments, Govsernment
Printing Officee, Washington, D). C., and by district ortic~er of the Bureau of
Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
DISTRICT OFFICES OF THE: DEPARTMBENTL OF COMMERCE
Atlanta, Ga.: 504 Post Office Building.
Birminghaml, Ala. : 257 Federal Building.
BlltII lon l~, Mas: 1801 Custombouse.
Bu~ffalo, N. Y.: C'lln mber of Commerce Building.
Charleston, S. C.: Chamber of Commerce Build~ing
Chicago, Ill.: Suite 1706, 201 North W1Cells Street.
Cleveland, Ohio: Chamber of Commerce.
Dallas, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce B3uilding.
Detroit, M~ich.: 801 F'irst National Bank Building.
Hlouston, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Indianapolis, Ind.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Jacksonville, F'la.: Chamber of Commerce Buildling.
Kansas City, Mlo.: 1028 Baltimore Avenue.
Los Angeles, Calif.: 1163 South Broadway.
Louisville, K~y. : 408 lFederal Building.
M~emphis, Tenn.: 229 Federal Building.
M~inneactpolis, Minn. : 213 Fliederal Buildiing.
New Orleans, La.: Roomn 225-A, Customhouse.
New York, N. Y.: 734 Custombouse.
Norfolk, Va.: 406 Ealsi Plume Street.
Philadelphia, Pa.: EQ Commercial Trust Building.
Pittsburgh, Pa.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Portland, Oreg.: 215 New Post O~ffce BIuilding.
St. Loui. Mo.: 5063 Olive Street.
San Fra n~icisco, Calif.: 310 Custombouse.
Seattle, Wash.: 809 F'ederal Office Building.














Approved Code No. 541


CODE OF FAIR COMPETITIION
FOR THE

FILATI G~LAS~,S MAN~bUFA~~CCTURINGlld; CINDU~ISTRYt~

APs Approved on Dbecemnber 22, 1934a


ORDEIiR

CODE O~f liAIR COMPIETITIO, N FOR THE FLA~T LA;SS `ilINUFACTURINGI
IKI~T'RsTu
An app~licnt ion having been duly made pursuant to and in full
complliance~ with the provisions of Title I of the National Industrial
RecoveryT Alct, approved~l June 16, 1933, for approval of a Code of:
Fair Comlpetition for the Flat Glass Manu;fa~cturinglg Industry, and
hearings ha\-ing been duly hefld thereocc. n and the annexed report on
said Cod,rl containing findings with respect thereto, having been
made and dir~ected to the President:
NOWV, THEREFORE, on behalf of the President of the United
Stalte the National I~ndustrial- Recovery Board, pmeclinant to au-
th~ority vested in it by Excultive Orders of th~e President, including
Exrecutive Ordrc l lNro. 6859, dated Sepltemb~ler 27, 1934?, and otherwise;
doesc hereby i Il.r,~~.ln oprte by re~fenceI1t said annexed report and does
find that said Code complies in all re pe~ctsi with. the pertinent provi-
sions and will promote the policy and purposes of said Title of said
Act; and does hereby1,3 order that said Codet of Fiair Co-mp~etitio: n be
and it is hlereb~y approvedct, subject, however, to the con~ditionl that the,
provisions of Article III, Section 2 (d) be stayed pendcingb furtherr
or~derl of the National Industrial Relcovery Board.
NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL~ RECOVERY BOARD,
B~y W. ~A. HA~RRIMAN, Administralf~cti)e Offi'cer.
App~ovalT rle r iI C rnuended:
W. P. ErnIs,
A-1rthurl Drivision Ad-I ii trator.
Wl.anIISo--rS, D3. C.,


10C1;2?j*-1885-131---14


(39)













REPIORTT TO TH-E I~PRESID3ENT


T~he PRESIDENT,

SmR: This is a report on th~e Code of Fair Comzpetition for th~e
Flat Glass Ma~nluf~lwtring~; Indulstr~y, as reviva~l after a public hearing
condlluc~ted in Watshington, D. C.,, on October 810, 1933, in necorancel; ll~
with the provisions of Title I of the hNatiolral Indlu-tria~l Rcoverycl
Act.
THEII INDUSSTfRY INu GENEHA:.L

1. Thle Flat G~la- s M\anlufacturingo Industry~ as def~inedl by the Code
embraces all eStabli~] nwnllts (engneelltd in the manufacture and primary
sale of fatt glass, exempt common window glass, the latter being
another flat glass product includedi under'1 a sepra)l~ te code. The
Indlustry at this time can li-trj of eighltee~n li tinlc~t members. The In-
dustry is sub-divided into four sub1-dlivisions,, namely: (1) Plate
Glas Dvison,(2)RouhRolled and WVire G~lass Division, (3)
StutrlGlass Division, (2 og 4) Safety~ Glass Division. T'wo of the
five memblllers of the Plate Glass Division produce and sell approxi-
mately 94'" of all plate glass; one of the meml~bers of the Rough,
Rolled and Witire Glass Division produces and sells approximately
48%~ of all Roughl, Rolled and W~ire Glass; one of the members of the
Strulc-turlal Grla.zs Division produces and sells approximately 450/ of
all Stllructura;l Gla~ss (this member beings one of the tw7o previously
mentioned in the Plate Glla 5 Division); and two of the me~mbers~ o'f
the So fety Glass Division produce and sell approximately 9-69 of
all safety glass theses, twmo memberllrs b~eing the samle two mlembers
previiously me~ntion~ed in the Plate Glass D~ivision, a~nd one of the
twTo beinglf the samne member prev2iously mentioned in the Sfrl:truc~tul
Glass Division). These tw-o concerns operatinrr in the several Divi-
sions produce and sell aple-eximatlyle 91:; of the total dollar va:lue
of all Iprodlucts of this in k11.- t y.

PRol l IO~S~ OF THEi CODE AS TO HIOURIS, WABGES AND GENERAL LABOR
PROVISIONS

1. Thlis Code provides that no employee shall be permitted to
workr more than .-ven~rt~y-two (72) hours in any fourteen (142) day
p~er~iodl nor mnore than sixz (6) days in any seven-l (7) day period; and
thatno mplyeeshal b pemitted to work more than e~ight. (8)
ahours ian y tml~e wenty-ou (2) hour peliriod (xc-cp~t that each em-
ployee ma~y be permitted to work six (6) addtitiornal hours iln any
seven ('7) dlay period, providedl that at least. one and one-half times
their normal rate of pay is paid for all time wPork~ed in excess of
eighth (8l) hours in any t\Tventy-four (24) hour period), exccept; as
follows :
(40)









(a) Emnployees from the inuneidiate~ly precedli ing shift, engaged
in the non-con t in uous processes of the industry which opelrate twen ty-
four ("4) hours per day may be permit ted to work; not more than
four (4) additional hours and not molrle~ than a total of forty-two
(42) hours in any seven (7) day petriold without the payment of
overtimle if his services are required by reason of the failure of
another reguS~lar employee to r~eport or remlnin at w~orkr.
(b) Empl1>oyees engagFed in the continuoust~tn poesses -of r theinu
try shall not be permitted to work mlorethnegy-or()
hours in any fourteen (14) day period, nor morlle than six (6) hours
mn anyr one twen~ty-four (24) hourII period eces~tpt that (1) in order to
provide for the roctationl of shzifts, each such emp~lloy~ee may be per-
mitted to wcork: isi (6) additional hours mn any one t wenty--four (24)
hour period in each fourteenl (14) day period writhocut the payment
of overtime, and (2) each such employee from the immedlciatelyy pre-
ced in I(shift may be p~elrmitted to w-ork six (6) additional hours in
any seven (7) day period without the payment of overtimle if his
serv\ices ar~e required by reason of the failure of another regular
employee to report for or remain at work.
(c) Empcloyee~s engaged in c~lericanl, office or sales work (exclusive
of those engaged as bookkl~~ceepers~ and accountants) may be permit-
ted to worrk not more than forty (40) hours in any one seven. (7)
day pel~riod nor more than eight (8) hours mn any one twnclty-four
(24) hour period nor more than six (6) diays in an~y one seven (7)
day period, exrce~t. thazt each suichl emplloyee may be -permitted to work
two (2) additional hours in any one tw~enty-four (24) hour per1iodl
in each se.rven (7) day period, without the payment of overtime, pro-
vided that the total for such sev-en (7) da~y period is n~ot in ecs.essj of
forty (40) hours.
(4d) During6 any one seven ("7) day period in anry month or four
(4 eteks accounting peiday mlye nae as a boo~kkeeper
or ncounlltantl may be permitted to work nme (9) hours in. an~y
twenty-four (24) hour periodl and forty-fi~ve (45) hours in said seven
(7) day~ per~idc- without payment of overlt~ime, provided that equiv~a-
lent times off is given such employee during the balance of the sam~e
month or accounting period, so that the av-er~age of such. employees'
hours during said monc.lth or four (4) weeks accounting period, does
not exc~eedl forty (40) hurs~l per seven (7) day period; and further
eac~h suc~h employee may be permittedt to wcpork not more than six (6)
additional hours in anyl seven (7) day period', provided that at least
one and one-half (11/,) times~ the normal rate of pay3 is paid for all
hours wor'kedI in. ex~e.-c- of nine (9) hours in any twenty-four (24)
hour period during such first m~entionedl seven (7) day period, or in
excess of eight (8) hours in any tw~enty-four (24) hour p-er~iod1 dur-
me~l the~ balance of the month~ or accounting period.
(e) Emlollyeess engaged as wa-tchmlielln my be permitted to work
not more than eighty-four (84) hours in any one four~teen (14) day
per~liod.
2. This Code exemnpts from hourly, wecekly or other~ periodic limi-
tations persons employed in a mnanageria~l or execut~ive capacity who
earnl not le~ss than thirty-five dollars ($35.00) per wneekL and employees
ellngaed in emergency ma~inte~na-nce or emler~gency repair work pro-
vided~c, how\eer, that in cases of emelrlgncy mainte~nancei or emergncy









:repair wcork, at least one and one-half (11/2) times their normal rate
of pay is pa"id for all1 time wnorked~t in excess of the maximum pro-
vid~ed in Article TIIL
3. This Code establishes minimum rate~s ofpyoforycet
($.40) and thirtyr-fiv\e cents ($.35) per hour forpxy all ~oc~mclassets of em-
ployees except those engaged in clerical and office work, in thne
Northern and Souxthern sections of the industry r~espectively. A
minimum rate of fifteen dollars ($15.00) p~er wee~k is established: for
employees engaged in clerical or office wrk rgardless of the section
of the industry.
4. This Code establishes minimum rates of pay for all employees
irrespective of whether the employee is actually compensated on a
timne rate, piece work or other basis. Handicapped persons may be
employed at a wage below the minimum under conditions as pro-
vided by the Code.
5. This Code provides that, for those employees receiving com-
pensation in excess of the minimum wage rates, an equitable adjust-
ment shall be made in those cases where such equitable adjustments
have not been mal~de since July 1, 1933, and that reports in respect
thereto shall be submitted by the Code Authority to the Adminis-
trator.
6. This Code also includes provisions rnesptecting:

b) Reclassification; of Employees, and
c) Standards for Safety and HEealth, and
d) Payment of Wages, and
((e) D~ismaissals for Making a Complaint, and
()Rates of Pay forFml Employees, and
(g) Posting of the Code, and
that no person under sixteen (16) years of age shall be employed in
the industry and that no person under eighteen (18) years of age
shall be employed in operations or occupations which are hazardous
in nature or dangerous to health, and that the Code Authority shall.
within thirty (30) days after th~e effective date of the Code submit
a list of such operations and occupations in the indlustry.

ECONOMICII EFFECTSI' OF TH-IE CODE:

1. The re-port of the Division of Research and Planning indicates
that the production of the Plate Glass Division (which constitu~tes
approximaltely 5r0'7 of this industry) dleclinlel from 150,5i04-,000
square feet in 1929 to 86,037,000 square feit, in 1933 or about 43P9.
While no figures are given for the production of the Structulral
Glass and Rough Rolled and Wire Glass Divisions, it is assumed
that they suffered the same decline inn much as they, like the Plate
Glass Division, depend largely on construction activity for their
mnrke~~tt. In the Safety Glass Division production in 1933 was
grea~te~r than in 1929 due to the increasing demand for its products
in the Automotive Industry. Sales for the entire industry totaled
$32,57?0,000 in 1933. Sales for the first six months of 1934 were
73.6% of the sales for the entire y-ear 1933 indicating a substantial
upturn in the industry.









2. While complete and accurate statistics on emp~loymnent within
the industry are not available, it is estimated thnt the~ total number
of emnployes in the indurstry inl 1999 was about 16,880, alnd in the
first part of 10353 about 8,000. In the latter part of 1933 the number
of emp>loyees was estimalted to be~ about 11,000 due both to the opera-
tion ~o te~ President's Reemployment Agreement and the upturn
inl business. B3asedl on 1Bureau of Labor Staltistic~s covperingf Trend
of ]Emploryment for all glass ma:nufacturlers, it would appear that;
in this ind-ustry- from June, 19r33 to June, 10,34 emnplo~ymelt, increased
316.Av~erae hours worked dlecltrease from~ 42.1 to 33.5 or 17%o
while average hourly earning increasedl from 44$ to 550 or 19.6%0
within thne net result that average weeklyl ear~ninlgs dccclcniirea fr'om
$18.97i to $18.42Z or 0.8%r.
3. Incr~eased~ employment due to the thirty-six (36) hour general
provrision and the forty-two (42) hour provision for the continuous
processes, on the basis of employment for the last half of 1933 and
the first half of 1934, should restore the industry to the 1929 level,
and in conclusion it may be statedl that, evetn if the operation of the
Code does not greatly increase average wages, the position of th~e
industry wo~ill be reasonably gSood, provided that reductionsll of wReekly
earnings do not result from the shortening of hours.
FINDINGS

The Deputy Administrator in his final report to us on. said Code
having found as herein set forth and on the basis of all the proceed-
ings in this matter:
We ~find that:
(a) Said Code is well dlesigrned to promote the policies and pur-
poses of Title I of the N~ational I~ndustrial Rlecover~y Act, including
removal of obstructions to the free flow of inlterstate and foreign
commruerce which tend to diminish the amount thereof and will pro-
vide for the general welfare by promoting~ the orgaanization of in-
dustry for the purpose of cooperative action among the trade groups,
by inducing and maintaining united action of labor and mana:lge-
mnent uider adequate governmental sanctions and supervision, by
elimi nating unfair comllpetitive~ p~ractices~, b~y promoting the fullest
possible utilization of the present productive c:n pneit.y of industries,
by avoiding unlue restriction of production (txc~ep't as may be tem-
po"rar~ily required), by increasing the consumption of industrial anld
agricultural products through increasing purchasing p~ower, byg
reducing and relieving unemploymenl t, by improving standards of
labor, and by othleri~s rehabilitating industry.
(b) Said industry norally em~ployes not more than 50,000 em-
p~layees; and is not classified by us as a major ind ust ry.
(c) The Code as approved complies in all respec~lts with the perti-
nent provisions of sn id Title of said Act, including without limitation
Sub~section (a) of Section 3, Subsection (a) of Section 7, and Subsec-
tion (b) of Sectionl 10 thereof; and that the applicant group is an
industrial group truly repr~esentativecr of the afor~esaid industry and
that said group imposes nzo inequitable restrictions on admission to
memb'iershiip therein.







44

(d) The Code is not designed to and will not permit monopolies
or monopolistic practices.
(e) The Codre is not dlesiged to and will not eliminate or oppress
small enterprises and wciill not o~pera~te to discrim~inate against them.
(f) Those. c~l~engag in other steps of the economic process have n~ot
been deprived of the right to be h~eard prior to approval of said Code.
For these reasons, there~for~e, we have approved this Code.
For the Niational Industrial Recovery Board:
W. A. H~nRmxarJ,
Adm)~Iiinfi'trativLe Officer.
DECEMBER 22, 19034.














CODE OF FAllIR COMPETITION FOR THE FLAT GLASS
M~ANUFAcCTURtING INDUSTRY.

AnnICLer I--PURPOSES

To effect the policies of Title I of the National Industrial Rtecov-
ery~ Act;, this Code is established as a Code of Fiair Competition for
tfhe Flat Glass Manufacturing Ilndustry, and its provisions shall be
the standards of fair competition for such Industry and shall be
binding upon every member thereof.
AnTICLE II -DEFINTIONIS

SECTON 1. The term Flat Glass Manufacturingr I~ndustry or
"Industry as used herein is defined to mean and include the
manufacture and the prim~aryp sale of the products of this Industry,
or anly one of them.
The term "L sale shall be deemed to include, but without limita-
tion, shipments of products of this Industry, made by a member of
the I~ndustry to a distributing agency owned or controlled directly or
indirectly by such member of the Industry and/or shipments of the
products of this Industry made by a member of the I~ndustry to a
consignment account. The operation of establishments includinga
distributing agencies) engaged in the distribution. of the products,
either owned or controlled directly or indirectly by a member of the
Industry, shall not be subject to this Code.
SECTION 2. The term Fjlat Glass or products of this Industry "
is defined to mean and include the following "type of flat glass
having two (2)_ approximately parallel surfaces: PaeGlass, Rolled
Glass, Rough G;lass, Ribbed Glass, Structural Glass, Safety and/or
Laminated Glass, Wire Glass, including Figured Glass, Colored and
Opalescent Glass, a~nd Ornamental Plate Glass, but excluding Com-
mon W~indows Glass and Optical Glass.
SECTION 3. The term member of the Industry as used hlerein
includes, but without limitation, any individual, partnership, asso-
elation, corporation or other form of enterprise engaged in the
Industry, either as an employer or on his or its own behalf.
SECTION 4. The term employee as used herein. includes any and
all persons engaged in thne IndustryT, however compensated, except a
member of the Industry.
SECTION 5. T~he term "L employer as used herein includes anyone
by whomn such employee is compensa~trl or employed.
VS~ECTION 6. The term L" continuous processes of the Industry as
used herein is defined to mean and include the operations of mlixing~r
and- melting the raw nuinter~ill'-, withdrawing the molten, glass from
the tankrs and/or furnaces, formningr the same into sheets or plates,
and delivering such~l sheets or plates to those~ places or sections of









the plant of the member of the Industry where they will subse-
qluently be handled and wor.,kedc or stored, and also the heat, light,
power, sand grading and water producing operantio~ns nececssarlyg
incident to such continuous operations.
SECTION 7. The term "' Code Authority as used herein is defined
to meanl the Code Authnority constituted under Alrticle VI hereof.
SECTION 8. The term "C Division of the Industry means any Divi-
sion of the Industry described in Section 2 of A~rticle VI hereof.
SECTION 9. The term Divisional Committee means any D~ivi-
sional Committee described in Section. 3 of Airticle VI hereof.
SECTION 10. The term Planning Comnmittee as used herein,
means the Planning Committee appointed by the members of the
IndustryT and authorized to prepare and submit this Code.
SCECTION5 11. The terms "L President ", "Act ", and "'Administrator ",
as used herein, are detfined( to mean, respectively, the President of
the United States, Title I of the National Industrial Reenv)\ery Act,
and the National Industrial Recovery Board.
SECTION 12. The term. Southern Section of the Industry as
used herein is defined to mean and include the States of Virginia,
North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Atlabama, Louisi-
ana, Miss.iouri, Mississippi, Tennessee, Airkzansas, Oklahoma, Kanlsas
and Texas. The term "Northern Section of thle Industry as used
herein is defined to mean. and include the District of Colrumb~ia and
all other States, territories and possessions of the United States, in
which the National Industrial Recovery Act applies.
ARTILc III--HOURS

SECTION `1. EM'nriTm/43 aOurT.--No employee, except as herein
otherwise provided, shall be permitted to workr more than seventy-
two (72) h-ours in any fourteen (14) day period nor more than six
(6) days in. any seven (7) day period; and no employee, except as
herein othlerw-ise provided, shall be permitted to workr more than
eight (8) hours in any twenty-four (24) hour period except that
each employee may be permitted to work six. (6) addlitio~nal hours in
any seven (7) day period, provided that at least one and one-half
(11/2) times their normal rate of pa~y is paid for all time wvork~ed in
excess of eight (8) hours in any twpenty-four (24) hour period; and
except that an employee from the immediately preceding shift, en-
gaged in the non-continuous processes of the Industry which operate
twsenty-four (24) hours per day, may be permitted to wc9ork not
more than four (4) additional hours, and not more than a total of
forty-two (42) hours in any: sevenr (7) day period without th~e pay-
ment of overtime if his services are required by reason of the failure
of another regular employee to report for or remlain at workr.
SECTION 2. Exceprtions as to H~ours.--(a) Employees engaged in
the continuous pr~c~e~sses of the Industry shall not be permitted to
wCork more than eighty-four (84) hours in any fourteen (14) day
period, nor Imore than six (6) hours ini any one twenty-four (24)
hour period except that (1) in order to provide for the rotation of
shifts, each such employee mnay be permnittedl to workl~l six (6) addi-
tional hours in any one t wenty-four (24) hour period in each four-
teen (14) day period without the payment of overt~imet, and (2) each~









sulch employee from the immediately preceding shift may be per-
mitted to work six (6) additional hours in any seven (7) day period
without the payment of overtime if his services are required by
reason of the failure of another regular employee to report for or
remain at work;
(b) Employees who engage in clerical, office or sales work (ex
-clusive of employees covered by sub-section ;(c) of this Section) shall
not be permitted to workr more than forty (40) hours in anly seven
(7) day period nor more than eight (8) hours in anyT one twipenty-
four (24) hour period nor more than six (6) days in any seven (7)
dayT period, except that each such employee may be permitted to
wPorkr two (2) additional hours in any one twenty-four (24) hour
period in each seven (7) day period, without the payment of over-
time, provided that the total for such seven ('7) day period is not in
excess of forty (40) hours;
(c) During any one seven (T) day period in any month of fouzr
weeks' accounting period any employee engaged in bookkeeping or
accounting work m~ay be permitted to work nine (9) hours in any
twenty-four (24) hour period and forty-five (45) hours in said seven
(7) day period without payment of overtime, provided that equiva-
lent timne'off is given such employees during the balance of the samie
month or accounting period, so that the average of such employee's;
hours during said month or four weeks' accountinng period, does not
exceedl~ forty (40) hours per seven (7) day period; and further each
such employee mnay be permitted to w-ork not more than six (6)
additional hours in any seven (7) day period, provided that at least
one and onle-half (11/2) times their normal rate of pay is paid for all
hours worked in excess of nine (9) hours in any twenty-four (24)
hour period during such first mentioned seven (7) day period, or in
excess of eight (8) hours in any twenty-four (24) hour period during
the balance of the month or accounting period;
(d) The maximum hours established above shall not apply during
the period of peak: load and seasonal demand of the automotive in-
dustry to members of the Industry which manufacture plate glass
and/or safety glass where restriction of hours would unavoidably
reduce production. ~AccordinglyT employees of members of the In-
dustry which members manufacture plate glass and/or safety glass
for the automotive industry and which employees are directly en-
gaged in the manufacture anrd/or preparation and furnishing and
shipping of such glass may be permitted during any one consecutive
period of not more than fourteen (14) weeks in any one year to
work not more than. forty-eight (48) hours in any seven (7) day
priod and not more than eight (8) hours in any twenty-four (24)j
hur period without t~he payment of overtime, but in no case shall
such employees be permitted to work in excess of forty-eight (48)
hours in any seven (7) day period or eight (8) hours in any twenty-
four (24) hour period.l
(e) Employees engaged as watchmen shall not be permitted to
work more thian. eight~y-four (84) hours in any one fourteen. (14)
Sday period.
s Stayed--See paragraph 2 of order approving this Code.









SECTION 3. Em~emptions as to HTours.--(a) The provisions of this
Article shall not apply to outside Lalesmen or to employees engaged
in a managerial or executive capacity who earn not less than thirty-
five dollars ($35.00) per week;
(b) The provisions of this Alrticle shall not apply to employees
engaged in emergency maintenance or emergency repair work involv-
ing breakdowns or thne protection of life .or property, provided, how-
ever, that at least one and one-half (11/2) times their onoral rate of
pay is paid for all time w~o~rked in excess of the maximla herein
provided by this Article.
SECTION 4. Empoloymnent by SeveralZ ELmployers.--No employer
shall knlowingly permit any employee to work for any time which
when. totaled with that already performed with another employer in
this or any other Industry exceeds th~e maxima permitted hecrein.
Aanrou: IV--WAGEs
SECTIONT 1. MinizmN~ -Tiag8.--RO employee shall be paid less than
at the rate of thirty-five cents ($0.35) per hour in the southern section
of the Industry or less than at the rate of forty cents ($0.40) per hour
in the northern section of the I[ndustry, except as herein *otherwise
provided.
SECTION 2. Min~inmW Ti74}8 por Clieric~al and Offloe Employees.--
No person employed in clerical or office work shall be paid less than
at the rate of $15.00 per week.
SECTION 3. Female E;miployees.--Female~ employees performing
substantially the same work as male employees shall receive th~e
same rate of pay~ as male employees.
S~EC.TION 4. Piecework~ Comp~ensatio l~-Minimum Tages.--This
Code establishes minimum rates of pay which shall apply irrespec-
tive of whether an employee is actually compensated on a time rate,
piecework or other basis.
SECTION 5. Evuasion, through Reempl7oyment.-N~io employee now
employed at a rate in excess of the minimum shall be discharged
and re-emnployed or replaced by another employee at a lower rate~
for the purpose of defeating or evading the provcisionls of this Code.
SECTIrON 6. 17&}88e above the Minimuzm.--For those employees re-
ceiving compensation in excess of the minimum wclage rates, equitable
adjustment shall be made in those cases where suchn equitable ad-
justments have not been made since July 1, 1933. Within, thirty
(30) days after the effective date of this Code each member of the
Industry shall submit to the Code Authority- a detailed report show-
ing the number of employees, hours of work, and hourly rates of
-wages and weekly compensation for each. labor classification for a
representative pay period prior to July 1, 1933, and for the repre-
sentative pay period ending nlext before~ the date of the report. Such
reports shall be promptly for we rded by the Code Authority to th~e
Aildministrator.
SECTION 7. Handif')2icapp Person2S.- A~ person whose earning ca-
pacity is limited because of age or physical or mental handicap or
other infirmities may be employed on light work at a wage below
thle minimum estab~lished~c by this Code, if thle emxplo3y7er obtamns from
the State Authority, designated by the U~nited States Department
of Labor, a certificate authorizing his employment at such wages









and for such hours as shall be stated in. the certificate. The State
Authority shall be guided by the instructions of the United States
Department of Labor in issuing certificates to such persons. Each
memnber of the Industry shall file monthly with the Code Authority
a list of all such persons employed by it, showing the wages paid to,
and the ma xsimuml hours of work for such employee.
ARTILoza V--GENERAL LeAon PRovisions
SECTION 1. Child Labor Provisiions..- No person under sixteen (16)
years of age shall be emzployred in the Industry. No person under
eighteen (18) years of age shall be -employed in. operations or occu-
pantions which are hazardous in nature or dangerous to health. The
Code Authority shall submit to the A-dmrinistrator within thirty (30)
days after the effective date of this Code a list of such operations
or occupations. In any State an employer shall be deemed to ha~ve
complied with this provision as to age if he shall have on file a
certificate or permit duly signed by the authority in such State~ em-
poweredp to issuep employment or Rage certificates or permits showing
that the emnployee is of the required age.
SECTION 2. Pr'ovliuions. from thLe Act.--As provided byP Section 7 (a)
of thre Act:
(a) Employees shall have thre right to organize and bargain col-
lectively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall be
free from the interference, restraint, or coercion of employers of
labor, or their agents, in the designation of such representatives in
self-or~ganization or in other concerted activities for the purpose of
collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection.
(b) No employee and no one seeking employment shall be required
as a condition of employment to join any company union or to refrain
from joinmng, orgamizmg, or assistmrg a labor organization of his
own choosing, and
(c) Emiployers shall comply with thLe maximum hours of labor,
mninimlum~ rates of pay, and other conditions of employment, ap-
prov'ed or prescribed by the 1President.
SECTION 3. Rec'ld.887 P&#ionl of Emplo7yees.--No employer shall re-
classify employees or duties or occupations performed or e~ngage' in
any7 subterfuge for thne purpose of defeating or evading the pr~ovic-ions
of the Act or of this Code.
SECTION. 4. Standards1~12 for Safetesfty and Health.-vr epoye
shall makre reasonable provision frtesft n elho i
employeres at the place and during the hours of their employment.
Standirrds for safety and health shall be submitted by the Code
Authority to the Adm~inistrator within three (3) mlonthsl after the
effective date of this Code.
SECTION 5. Fedieral or State LawNs.--No provisions in this Code~
shall super~sede anly Federal o tt a hchipsso m
ployrs ore trigentreqireents as to age of employees, wagnes,
hours of work, or as to safety, health, sanitary, or ge~tneral working
condit~ions, or inlsuranIce, or fire protection than are imposed by this
Code.
SECTION 6. Pay??b67t of Wagsci.-A~ll wages shall be paid weekly,
semi-monthly or monthly in lawful currency or by negotiable check
therefore, payable on demand. These wages shall be exempt from









any deductions other than those exrpressly althor~ized by thre emr-
ploy'ee or required by law. Employers or their agents shall not ac-
cept, directly or indirectly, rebates on such wages, or give anything
of value nor extend any favors to any person for the purpose of in-
flu~encing .rates of wages or working cond-itions of their employees.
SECTION 7. Dismiss~als.--No employee shall be discharged, demoted
or otherwise ~iscl~riminated~l against by reason of making a comaplainlt
or giving evidence with respect to an alleged violation of this Code.
SECTION 8. Posting.-Each member of the Industry shall post and
keep posted copies of this Code and all amnend'ments therleteo which
may hereafter be made, in conspicuous places accessible to all em-
ployees. Each member of the Industry shall comply wscithn all rules
and regu~lationls relative to the posting of provisions of Codes of
Fair Competition which may from time to time be issued by the
Administrator.

ARTICLE VI--ORGANIZATION POWERS AND DUSTIES OF TH3E CODE
AUTHORITY AND DIVISIONAL COMIMITTEES--CODE ADmmSIITu.4TroN

SECTION 1. Code Authority.--A Code A~uthority for the ]Flat Glass
Mlanufacturingf Industry is hereby constitutedl to cooperante with the
Administrator in the administration of this Code.
SECTION~ 2. Divisions of the rIndatc~ry.-Flior the purpose of the
administration. of this Code, th~e Flat Glass Ma~nufacturiwrg Indus-
try shall be divided into four divisions, as follows:
Safety Glass Di~vision--This Division shall include the manu-
facture of safety or laminated glass.
Plate Glass D~ivision--This Division shall include the manufacture
of plate glass.
REough, Rolled and Wire Glass Division--This Division shall in1-
clude the manufacture of rough, rolled and wire glass, including
figured gylas colored and opalescent glass, and ornlame~ntal plate
glass.
Structural Glass Division-Th~is D~ivision shall include the manu-
facture of glass colored prior to solidification, either fire polished or
ground and polished, and not less than 3/16" in thickness.
SECTION 3. Diui8/onO-1 COWm~it 888.T-Within twenty (20) days
after'l the effective date of this Code there shall be constituted a
Divisional Comm itt ee for each Division of this IndustryT. 1Each
Divisional Committee shall consist of one (1) rep rese "ntti ve ap-
po~inlted by and selected from. each member of the I~ndustr~y within
SUC1II DIVISION.
SE~CTION 4. COde Auwthzority/.-W(lithin thirty (30) days after th e
effective date of this C~ode there shall be constituted a Code Au-
thority. T'he Code Auxthority shall consist of two (2Z) repr~esentn-
tives fr~om each Division of the Industry (who may or may not be
members of the Divisional Commlittee) and -e~llctd byJ a vote of thre
Divisional CommllitteeC in each Di\ ioic n in necordalnce wiith the
metholcdsj of vorfltim hetreinafter set forth in Section 7 of this A~rticle.
No member of the~c Industry (including subsidiaries of nifilintes)
shall have more than one (1) representative on the Code Authorit~y.
SICenox: I 5. (a2) The Planning Committee is hereby des~ignatlted as
an agecncy to o,rganize the several Divisional Comm~ittees and to con-
duct the first elections of the members of the Code Atuthority.









(b) WCithin. ten (10) days after the effective date of this Code, the
Planlningr Commnittee shall forward byr regsis~tered mail to all knlown
and ascertainable members of the Indurstry and to the A~dministrattor
all pertinent information relatingr to thec appointment by each mnem-
ber of the Industryr of its rep~r~e.se.lntaive on the Divisional Committee
and the selection of the Industry members of the Code Authority.
SEcTION 6. 2Members appointed by the Adtlnini.;sf'tratr.--In addi-
tion to membership as hereinbefore provided, there may be not more
than three (3) members, without vote, to be appointed byr the
Administrator to serve for such- terms as he Imay prescribe. The
representatives who may be appointed by the Admimistrator, together
with t~he Administrator, sh-all be given due notice of and may. sit at
all meetings of the C~ode' Authority and/or of any Divisional
Committee.
SECTION 7. Dccisions~ of th~e Divisional Conwnittees.--All decisions
of each D~ivisional Committee to be binding on its D~ivision. of the
Industry (including its serlection of members of the Code Authority)
must receive thie affi'rm~ati~ve vote of a majority of the members of the
Divisional Committee and also the affirmative vote of not less than
two (2) memnber~s of thie Divisional Committee appointed by mem-
bers of the Industry representing in the aggregate not less than fifty-
one per cent (51%0) of the total net dollar value or feetage of ship-
ments of the products of that.D~ivision of the Industry during the
two7 (2) calendar years preceding the year in which any such vote is
taken. A majority of the Divisional Committiee in each Division
shall have the powcler to determine wFchether the net dollar value or
feetage basis is adopted in its division.
SECTION 8. De01840%8 of the Code AUthLority.--No action, deter-
mnination, or other rule or regulation of the Code Authority shall be
binding on the members of the Industry unless and until it shall have
received an affirmative vote of a majority in number of the members
of th~e Code Authority. Each member of the Code Authority shall
have equal voting power. If at any time the Code ~Authority cannot
reach a decision, the matter at issue shall be referred within five
(5) days to the Adm~inistrattor for consideration. and determ-ination
and his decision shall be final and binding on all members of the
Ind ust ry.
SECTI[ON 9. Reference to God~e Au~thority and Adr/inistf~raor. -If
at an~ly time any Di~visional Committee cannot reach. a decision as
hereinbiefore provided, the matter at issue shall be referred within
five (5) days to the Code Authority for consileration and detetir-
mnilntion and its decision. shall be~ final and binding, subject only to
the rights of the Administrator wiith respecct to decisions of the Code
Atuthority- as set forth in. Set Cionl 19 of this Article VI or contained
in the Act. Should any Divisional Committee be unable~ to reach, a,
decision with respect to the selection of the members of the Code
Authority, that particularly qurestion shall be referred to the Admrin-
istrator for consideration. and deccision and his decision shall be final.
and binding on all memb~mers of the Industry.
SECTION 10. Terms,)l of Office.--Each Industry member of the Code
Authority shall be selected for a term not to exceed one (1) yrear.
Elections to the Code Auth~ority, subsequent to the first, shall be held
at ther annual meetings of the Divisional Committees. In the event









of any vacancy in the Inmembership of the Code Authority, a special
meetings of the members of the appropriated Divisional Committee
shall be called and an election held to fill the inlcompllete term of such
memlber~ship within thirty (30) days after such vacancy shall have
occurred.
SECTION 11-. Patzlf!ic'liping TI~rad: associations.--Each trade or in-
dustrial association, directed or indirectly participating in the selec-
tion or activities of the Code Authority or of any Divisional Com-
mittee, shall (1) impose no inequ~itablel restrictions on lemlbership n
and (2) submit to the Administrator true copies of its articles of
association, by-laws, regulations, and any amendments w~hen~ made
ther~eto, together with such other information as to memlbership,
organization, anld activities as the Administrator may deem neces-
sary to effectuate the purpos1(,es of the Act.
SECTION 12. Rerill) ntat~iivrfie Character of Code AuthoritJ.--In
order that the Code Aluthority shall at all times be truly representa-
tive of the I~ndustry and in other respects comply with the provisions
of the ~Act, thle AdmIli nli st rantor may prescriboe such hearings as he mnay
deem proper; and there fter, if he shall find that the Code A"uthority
is not truly rep~resenntaivec or does not in other respects comply with
the provisions of thle Act, he may require an appropriate modifica-
tion of the Code Authority.
SECTION 13. Non-2iab~ility of Mlemlbers of the Code Auth~ority or
of any Divisional Committee for Of)Ecial Acts.--Nothing contained
in this Code shall constitute, the mlcl~~ember of the Code Authority
partners for any purpose or the members of any Divisional Comm-
mitteee partners for any purpose. Nor shall anly member of the Code
Authority or of any Divisional Committee be liable in any manner
to anyone for anly act of anly other member, officer, agent or employee
of the Codet Authority or of any Divisional Committee. Norl shall
any member of the Code Ailuth~ority or of anly D~ivisional Commnittee
eesretw~ingl reasonable diligence in the conduct of his d~uties her~ein,
be liable to anyone for any action or omlissionl to act under thec Code
except for his own wilful malfeasance or nonfealsance.
SEennx( 1N4. Pow~ers and Duties of the Code Authority.-Subj ect
to sulch rules and regulations as mlay be issuedt by the Administrator
the Code Authority shall have the follow-inga powers and duties (in
addition to those provid~edl elsewhere in this Code) :
(a) T'o execute the provisions of this Code and provide for the
compl.liance of the Industry with the prov,\isiolns of the A~ct.
(b) To adopt bly-laws and rules and regulations for its procedure
subject to the approval of the A~dministrator.
(c) To be the general coordrinartingb body of the Indlustry, advising
with each D~ivisional Committee with respccl't to the activities of such
Divisional Committtee to the eind that the policies and activities of
such Divrisional Commrittee may be unified and c~oordinalete beltwreen
the Divisions.
(di) To cooperate with thle Admli II ct ra7tor in making inve\st igat ions
as to the functioning~ and observance of any of the pr,1ovi-;ionr s of this.
Code at its ow;pn instance, or upon requeslrt of the Administrator, or
on complaint of anly person arffelctedl, and. report the same to the
Administrator.









(e) To cooperate. with the Administrator in regulating the use of
any N. R., A. insignia according to such rules and regulations as the
National Recovery Administration may prescribe.
(f) TCo use suchL t~rade associations and other age~ncie~s as it deemcls
proper to carry out any of the activities provided for herein, pro-
vide~d, however, that nothing herein shall relieve the Code Authority
of its dfut.ies or responsibilities under this Code, and that such trade
associations and agencies shall at all times be subject to and comply
with the provisions hereof.
(g;) To investigate and inform the Adm~inistrator on behalf of
the Industry as to importation of competitive. articles into the
United StatesY in substantial qua nt cities or increasing rant it to domestic
production on such terIms or under such conditions as to render
Ineffective or seriously endanger the maintenance of this Code, and
to make complaint to the Plresident on behalf of the Industry under
the provisions of the Act with respect thereto.
(h) To make recommendations to the Adm~inistrator for the
amendment or mnodific~atio~n of this Code on the basis of expeIrcrie-nce
and changes in circumstances including (but w~ithout. limnitation)
recommendations to:
(aa) further effectalnte the policy of the N~ationlal \Industrial Re-
covery Act and the operation of this Code in r~espec~t, thereto, and
(bb) to prevent the elimination or oppression of and dtiscrim~inas-
tion against small enterlpr~ises and

(dd) prevent unsound, un-fair or destructive p~ractices, and
(ee) rehabilitate the Industry and promote industrial planning.
whiich recommendations, upon approval by the Administrator after
such notice and hearing as he may prescribe shall become part of
this Code and have full force and effect as provisions hereof.
(i) To obtain from members of the Indiustry such information~
and reports as are .reqluiredl for the admniristr~ationl of this Code. In
addition to information requlired to be subm~ittedl to the Code Au-
thority, members of the Indtustry shall furnish such statistical in-
formation as the Admilnis~trator may deem~~ necessary for the ]purpe -;ls
recited in Section 3 (a) of the A~ct to suxch Federal and StLate agenew~i (s
as the Admitn i st rant or may-tlr ds ign te. Nfio plov'i'ion I of this Code shall
relieve anly mermber of the Industry of any exristing c<.lbl-tion to
furnish reports to Gover~ll~nmen agenciesj. No inl'iv-idual reports ;b1-
mnitted to the Codlc Auth-or~ity shall be diisclosed to any other men Irr,!J
of the Industr~y, but may be revented~ to su!chT impa~rtialf agencies as
myn~ be necescsar~y to faciliitate the administration of this Codie.
(j) It beingt found necessary, in order to support the administr~a-
tion of this C~ode and to maintain the standards of fair competition
established by this Code and to effectuate the policy of the Act, the
Code Authority is aulthor~ized:
(aa) To incur such reasonable obligattions as are ncessary19 and
proper for the foregcoingr purposes and bto meet such obligations out
of funds which may be raised as hereinffter provided~i and which
shall be held in. trust for thke purposes of the Code;
(bb) To submit to the AIdministrator for his alpprova~l, subject. to
such noti~e. and opportunity to be heard as he may deem nece~ssry,









(1) an itemized budget of its estimated expenses including estimated
.expenses of the Divisiocnal Conmmi~ttes for the forP~reging purposes,
and (2) an cesp:itabl~e basis upon which the funds necessary to sup-
port 'Iwh1. budget shall be contributed by members of the Industry;
(ce) Aifter such budget and basis of contribution have b~een ap-
provedi by the Admlinistrator, to determine and secure equitable con-
trib~ution as above set forth by all members of the Indiustry~, and to
that end, if necessary, to ins.;titute legal proceedings therefor in its
own name.
(ddl) Each member of the Industry shall pay his or its equitable
contribution to the expenses of the maintenance of the Code Author-
ity, determined as her~einabove provided, and subject to rules and
regulations pertaining thereto issued by the Administrator. Onlly
members of ~the Industry complying with the Code anod contributing
to the exspenlcss of its administration as hereinabove provided (unless
duly exempted from making scuch contributions), shall be entitled to
participate in the selection of members of the Code Authority or to
receive the benefits of any of its voluntary activities or to make use
of any emblem or insignr~ia of the National Recovery Administ~ration.
(ee) The Code A-uthority shall neither incur nor pay any obli-
gation substantially in ex:ess of the amount thereof as estimated in
its approved budget, and shall. in no event exceed the total amount
con!ltalined' in the approved budget, except upon approval of the
Ahdministrator; and no subsequent budget shall contain any defi.ie~ncy
item for exspenditures in excess of prior budget estimantes except thojte
which the Administrator shall have so approved.
(k) To appoint a trade practice commnittete which shall meet with
the tlra Jo practice committees appointed under such other codes as
maty be3 related to this industry for th-e purpose of formulating fair
trade practices to govern the relationships betwPeen. production and
distribution emllployers under this Code and under such others to the
end that such fair trade practices may be proposed to the Atldminis-
trator as amuendmelcnts to this Code and such other codes.
(1) To provide appropriate facilities for arbitration, and subject.
to the approval of thie Adm~inistrator, to pr1escrib~e rules of procedure
and rules to effect compliance wyith awards and determinations.
SECTION 15. Pow,!ers' and Duties of the D~iv;~jisCiona Committees.--
(a) ]Each Divrisional Commttee shall admi~niiterl this Code in its
resp'tiv-e division in accoIrdance with such powers and duties as
may be delegalted to it by the Code Authority and subject to the
right of thle Code Authority- to suspend, investigate, approve, dis-
approve, or mlodify the decisions of any Divisional Committee and
subject to the right of appeal hereinafter in this Article provided
for fromlr anly such decision.
(b) To make a study of all matters affecting the Industry and
th~e rcodulrc~t of the bus1iness of thle Industry within its particular
Division. to the end that each Di~visional Cormmittee may submit to
t~he Code ASuthorityV reccilnu~lnndt ions with respect to the adoption
of trade prac-ti:es, system of cost finding .nd /or nrules: resnpeting
filing of price schedules applicable to the Industry as a whole or to
its particular Division of the Industry and rec~ommndac~i tions with
respect to any others amendments or additions to this Code affecting
a particular Division of the I~ndustry or thne I~ndustry gen~erally,









which recommend a t iorn upon approval by the Code Authority and
approval b~y thne Adlministlrator,, after such notice or hearing as he
in his discre~tionl may determine upon, shall constitute amendments
to this Code.
SECTION 16. Appeals.--(a) Any interested party shall have the
right to appeal to the Code Authority and to obtain a prompt hear-
ing and decision, under such rules of procedure as it may prescribe,
in respect to any decision, rule, regulations, order or finding made,
act or omission. to act by the Divisional Commzitte~e of any Division,
whether or not so provided in anyr other part of this Code.
(db) Any interested party shall have the right to appeal to the
Administrator, under such rules and regulations as he may pre-
scribe, in respect to any decision, rule, regulation, order, or finding
made, act or omission to act by the Code Authority, whether or not
so _provided in any other part of this Code.
StECTION 11. COnfidelntial I~n~ormation.- All1 confidential informa-
tion of any nature which may be requested by the Code Authority
shall be collsctesd through a confidential and dis-inter1ested agent or
agents selected by said Code Atuthority and such information shall
be kept confidential by such agent or agents except when required
by the Code Authority for the proper administration of the Code
and wit the further exception that all such information shall be
freely available to the Ardministrator at all times.
rSECTION 18. Com)pliance~O w~ith the Cod~e.--The Code Authority shall
designate an impartial agent or agents, not members of the Industry,
to investigate complaints of violations of the Code. ]Eaclh member of
the Industry shall keep accurate and complete records of its trans-
actions in the Industry whenever1 such. records mnay be required under
any of the provisions of this Code, and shall furnish nculrate re-
ports based upon, such records concerning any of such activities when
required by the Code Authority or the Administrator. If the Code
Authorityv or the Administrator shall determine that substantial
doubt exists as to the accuracy of anly such report, so much. of thre
pertinent books, records and papers of such member as may be re-
quired for the v~er~ifkation of such report may be examined~ by an
Impartial agency, agreed upon between the Code Authority and any
such~ member, or, in the absence of agreement, appointed by the
Administrator. In no case shall the facts disclosed by such examllin~-
tion be made available in identifialble form to any competitor,
wrhethercl on the Code Authority or otherwcpise, or be given any other
publication, except such as may be required for the proper Admin-
istration or enforcement of the provcisiobns of this Code.
rSECTION 19. To t;he extent permitted by thie Act, if the Adminis-
trator shall determine that any action of the Code Authority or any
agency thereof is unfair or unjust or contrary to the public interest,
the Administrator may require that such action be suspended to
afford an opportunity for investigation of the merits of such action
and further consideration by the Code Authority or agency pending
final action, which shall nlot be effective unless the Administrator
appr~oves or unless he shall fail to disapprove after thirty (30) days
notice to him of intention to proceed with such action in its original
or modified form.









ARzTICLE VII--TRADE Pu~acTICE RULES

General DI pi/l.;ron.-F-ior all purposes of thiis Code the nets dle-
scribed. in this Article shall constitute unfair trade practices. An~y
membert1 of the Indusltry3 which shall directly orr indirectly, through
any officer, employee, agetnt, or reipresen~r tative, kniowyingly use, emn-
ploy, or prm('lit~ to be employed, any of such unfair practices shall
be guailty of a violation of the Code.
RULE 1. Il~i~representati on2 andE Misbrintmding.-Ni~o member of the
Industry shall p~ublish1 advertising (whether printed, radio, displal.y
or of any otherl na~turet), which is mi-leadling or inaccu;rate in. any
mallter1ial particular, nor shall any member in any- way mnisreprlesent
any goods (including but without limitation its use, trade ma1rk,
grade, quality, quantity, size, substance, chnaract~er, nature, ~finish, or
strength) or credit terms, values, policies, services, or the nature or
form of the business condurc~ted.
RULE 2. Rebates.-No member of the Industry shall srcretlyl offer
or make any payment or allowance of a rebate, refund, conunlission
credit, unearneda discount, or excess allowanc!le, -whether in the form~
of money or otherwise, nor shall a me~be~r of th~e Industryr secretly
offer or extend to any customer any special services or privilege not
extended to all customers of the same class~, for the purpol~se of in-
fluencing a sale.
RULE 3. COiifi'i~et7R Xn 8.--RO Illtllembe of the Industry shall sell
or offer to sell or enter into any agreement to furnish the products
of this Industry c,ntingentit upon the sale or purchase of any other
product, the perfol~llrmace of anly other service or any other contin-
gency not appearing in the contract of sale, or require that the pur-
chase or lease of any product be a, requisite or a prerequisite to the
purchase or lease of any other product.
RULE 4. CO7Rnnrz.e ledt Bribe ryil.--No rnmb~~er of the Industry shall
give, permit to be given, or directly offer to give anlyth~ing of value
for the pulrposeP of influePncingT or rewarding the action of any ema-
ploy~ee, agent!l, or rtl"epcirlt~wt ve of another in relation to the business
of the empployer of such employee, the principal of such~ agent, or the
represented pa e~ty, without the knowledge of such employecr, prmn-
cipal, or partly. This provision shall not be col:nstlrued~ to prohibit
free and general distribution of articles commonly usedl for adver-
tising except so far as such articles are actually used for commercial
bribery as hereinabove defined.
RU3LE 5. Defamat~ion of Comi~petitos.--No member of the TIndustry
shall defame competitors by falsely imputingr to them d~ishcnor~able
conduct, inabilityr to perform contracts, question~able cre~di~t standing,,
or by other false representations or by the false dijsparagement of
the grade or quality of their product.
RUnLE 6. HIisaf(lrI B3reach of Co?-tract.-No member of the Indul~s-
try shall knowingly attempt to indutrce! or permit its agents to indut~ce
or attempt to induce the breach of an rexisting~ contract betwe~-en a
competitor and his rl~cusltomes or source of supply; nor shall anyT such
mlemberti; inlter~fere with or obstruct the per~lfomallnce of such contrac-
tual duties~ or service.
RUL;E i. IFOst-Dating~.--No member of the TIndutryl' shall post-date
or pre-dtate anly contract, invoice, quotation, or receipt, withh~old
from or insert in any contract, invoice, quotation, or receipt any










statement which makes such. contract, invoice, quotation, or receipt
an inaccurl11ate statement either1 in whole or in part or n~cep~t or offer
to accept anyT such contract.
RULE 8. Conz7nthiRGOn Xa 8 of I~i7uslustr a~nd Non-lIndlrlhiY Prod-
ucts.-No m~~llembe of the Ind:ustryS shall directly or indirectly comb-
binee quotations for any product of this Industr with any quotattion~
for any other material, labor, or service, for the purpose andl with
the intenlt or effect of concealing the true selling price of thle product
of this Industry or withz thne intent or effect of iunjurin a competitor
or violating any of the provisions of this Code.
RnLE 9. GOereion.-No member of the Industry shall require thant
the purchase or lease of any service or product of this Industry
or any~ service or product of another Industry be a req'cuisite or p~re-
requisite to the purchase or lease of anyT other service or product of
this Industry or any other service or product.

ARTICLE VIII--MoorrICBrrows

SECTION. 1. This Code and all the provcJ\isions1, thereof are expressly
made subject to thne right of the President in accordatnce w71ith. the
provisions of subsection (b) of Section 10 of the Aict, from time to
timle to cancel or modify any order, approval, lilcensec, rule or regru-
lation issued under Title I of said Act and sp~erificazlly, but without
limlitatio~n, to the right of the President to cancel or modify his
app~rovanl of this Code or anly conditions imposed by himn upon his
apuprovial thereof.
~SECTION 2. This Code, except as to provisions required by the Act,
.may be modified on. the basis of experience or changes in circumz-
stances, such mnodificatintis to be based~c upon1 application to thle Pres-
idlent and surch notice and hearing as he shall specify, and to become
effective on approval of the President.

AnucTsrIr IX-- 3IONOPOLIES

No pr'ovision of this CodIe shall be so applied as to prmcr~~it, monopto-
lies or m~onop~olistic pra~ctirces, or to elim~inutet oppress, or discrimni-
nate against .,ma11 lll eterpr'i es.


Every memberr;l. of the ImluslltryS shall com-llply with the rules and
regu~laltions of the Adminii traiilntor as to re i -trantionr with the Coctc
Authtority, or such1 other agercncy as thle Administrator may direct
and incl!uding,~ but without limitation, the number of shops, establish-
mnllts, or separatede units thereocf and their location, as well as each
add~itional zhop, establishment, or --eparate unit opened after
r~egist rnt ion.
AnnICex XI-EFFT~ECTIV\ E DATE

This Code shall be~rcomec effec~tive on. the second Mo~nda~ry after
approval by thre Preside:nt..
Approved Code No. 541.
Registry No. 1021l-1-06.










UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA


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