Registry No. 1631--11
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Par sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. - Price 5 cents
Approved Code No. 142--Amendment No. 1
NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
RETAIL JEWELRY TRADE
AS APPROVED ON JULY 20, 1934
WE DO OUR PART
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
This publIcation is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, Wasshington, D.C., and by district offices of the Bureau of
Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
DISTRICT OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
Atlanta, Ga.: 5041 Post Office Building.
BirmLlingrham,, Ala.: 257 Feder~al Building.
Boston, Mlass.: 1801 Custombouse.
Butffalo, N.Y.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Charleston, S.C.: Ch~amber of Commerce Building.
Chicalgo, III.: Suite 170)6, 201 North W'ells Street
Cleveland, Ohio: Chamber of Commerce.
Dallas, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Detr~oit, Mlich.: 801 First National Bank Building.
Houston, TIex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Indianapolis, Ind.: Chambler of Commerce Building.
Jack~sonville, Fla.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Kannsus City, Mlo.: 1028' Baltimore Aivenue.
Los Ange~les.. Calif.: 1163 South Broadway.
Lo~uisjville, Ky.: 408 Federal Cailding.
Mlemplhis, Tenn.: 229 Federal Building.
Minneapolis,, Minn.: 213 Federal Building.
New\ Orleans, La.: Room 225-A, Customhouse.
N~ew Yor~k, N.Y.: 734 Custombouse.
No~rfolk, Va.: 400 East Plume Street.
Philadelpzhia, Pa.: 422 Commercial Trust Building.
Pittsburgh1. Pa.: Chamlber of Comml~er~ce Building.
Portland. Oreg,: 215 New Post Onice Building.
St. Lou~is, Mo.: 506 Olive Street.
San Francisco, Clalif.: 310 Custombouse.
Settle, WVash.; 809 Federal Office Building.
Approved Code No. 142--Amendment No. 1
AMENDMiENT TO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
RETAIL JEWELRY TRtADE
As Approved on July 20, 1934
APPROVING AMIENDMZENTS OF CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FO)R THE
RETAIL JEWELRY TRADE
An application havinga been duly mlade puirsunnt to andl in full
compliance with thle provisions of Title I of the National Indulstrall
Recovery Act, approved Junie 16, 19338, for approval of an amendm-
mentt to the Clode of Fair Colpettition for the Retail Jew~elry Trade,
and hearings having been duly held thereon andl the anrnexed report
on said amnendmrents, containing findings with re~spect thereto, hav-
ing been made and dir~ectedl to the Presidlent:
NOW, THEREFO-RE, on behalf of the Presidenit of the United
States, I, Hugh S. Johinson, Administrator for Indlustrial Recovery,
pursuant to authiority~ rested in mie by Executive Ord~ers of the Presi-
dent, including Execut~ive Order No. 6543-A, dated December 30,
19333, andl otherwise; do hereby incorporate, by reference, said an-
nexed report andi do findl that sa~id amendmients andit the Codle AS con-
stituted after beinga amended comnply in all respects wFithl the perti-
nent provisions and will promote thle policy a7nd purposes of said
Title of said Act, and do hereby order that saidl amnendment be and
it is hereby~ approved, and that the previous approval of said Code
is hereby modified to include an approval of said Code in its entirety
HUGH S. JoINsoN,
Admlinistraxtor for Inrdustr~ial Recov!ery.
ROBERT L. HOUrSTON,
July 4SO, 19;34.
75248" 820-108 84
REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT
Thet Whi'te House.
.SR: This is a report. of the Hea~ring on certain amendments to the
Code of Fair Comlpetitionn for the Retail Jewelry Trade, conducted
in Roomi 128 of the W'lillard Hotel, Washington, D.C., on M~ay 5,
19341. The amendments which are attachedl were presented by the
National Retail Jewfelry Trade Counicil, which is the national retail
jewelry~ codle authority, andl as such the duly qualifiedi and authorized
representative of the Trade.
Th~e first of the annexed amendments enlarges upon the definition
of' I" pofessional person as originally set fourth in the Codle, in order
to~ avoidl any misundter~standingi as to the mleaning of that term in this
Code. In the several months during which this Code has been effee-
tive, thle question has frequently arisen as to the scope of the term
"' professional person ", particularly$ als appliedl to skilled cralftsmen
suich as watchmakers, watch repairers, engrrav'ers, etc., and it was
thus felt to be advisable to set forth this more detailed definition of
The second of the amendments annexed hereto permits employers
to allow employees as much as one and one-hralf hours for lunch in
communities whler~e a lunch period longer than one hour has custo-
marily b~een allowed, providedl the approval of the appropriate Local
Retail Jewrelry Trade Comnmittee, or if there be no suich local comm~it-
tee, the National Retail Jewelry Trade Council, is first secured. In
commnunities where such a customn has prevailedi, it is sometimes de-
sirable, both from the point of viewf of the emnployees and the em-
p~loyer~s, to establish the longer lunch period pe~rmittedl under this
pr~loposed amnendmlent, in order that employees may go to their homes
for lunch, etc.
The thirdl amendment provides that no retail jeweler shall adver-
tise or offers to repair, clean, regulate or adjust watches or clocks or
any p~art or parts thereof, at a mimimumi, maximumi or uniform price.
In the several months of op-eration of this Codle, it haRs been found
thiat a number of jewelers, comnprisinig only a small panrt of the trade,
have engagred in an unfair trade practice whichl has been hiarmiful to
consumers by misleadling them, andl to other retail jewelers by gain-
ing the business of their customers through other than faiir com-
petitive mnethodls. Thiis practice has consisted of advertisingr to re-
pair' watches at a uniform price, which price was often set at a very
low amont.nf. Different repairs to watches cost varyving amounts,
depending on the necessaryv labor involved and materials which must
be used. However, consumers through this adv~ertisingr have been
ledl to believe that at such shops t~heyr can have any r~epairs made at
a low price, regardless of the serious nature of the dlefect to be cor-
rected. Ret.ail jewelers whlo have not indulged in this method of
advertising have found it diffleult to compete with jeweilers who so
advertise. Therefore, inasmuch as such advertising mislead~s the
public and is not a fair competitive practice, it is felt that this
amendment is a worthy addition.
Th~e fourth amendmlenlt muodifies this Codle by elim~inating ther~e-
froml Seeion 3 of Article V'III, r'elating~ to prlison-madni e goodsl~."
The nature of the merchandise handled byl the Retail JewelryI Tradie
is such, due to its high intrinsic value, that it is no~t thle subject of
manufacture by inmnates of penal in-~tit utions. It is felt,! th~ereforee
that this provision is on unnecessaryS one in this Codle and it hias
accordingly been eliminantedl.
The Deputy Ad~cministrot~or in his final report to me on salid~ amend--
mients to~ said Code havingr found ais hierein set forth andi on the
basis of all the pr~octeedings in this matter:
I find! that.:
(a) Th~e amendmentst to saidl Code andt thie C'oe as amelndled are
w~ell designed to promoted the policies and~t pulrposeY of Title I of
the National Industriail Recovery Act including the remnovanl of ob-
structions to thec free flowr of interstate and foreign comime rce which
tend to dimlinish the amliounlt thereof, and~ w~ill provide for the gen-
eval weclfare by promoting the orgam~zation of in~du try~ for the pur-
pose of cooperantive action amlongr trade groups, by inducing and
miaintainingr united action of labor and man~nage ment ulnder adequate
governmental sanction and supervision, by elimina~ting unfair coml-
petitive practices, by promoting the fullest possible utilizatio~n of thle
present p~n-lroutive~ capai-~ty of ;rindutries,_ by~ avoid-ing unduie re-
striction of prodluction (except as may be temnporarily requiredd,
by increasingr the consuminption of industrial and agriculltural prod-
ucts thiroughl increasing pulrch3sing~ power, by red~ucingr andc relievingr
unemployment,; by imprlov'ingr standards of labor, andl by otherwise
(b) Thle Codle as amnendedl compies in all respects with the p~er
tinent prlov~isions of said Title of said Act, includiiing without limits1
tion Subsectiorn (a) of Section 3, Subsection (a) of Section 7 andl
Subsection (b) of Szction 10! thereof.
(c) Thle Codle emp~owers th~e National Retail Jewelry Tralde Coun-
cil to present thle af-oresaid amendmeinnts on behalf of the industry as
(d) The nmlendmentst andi the Code as amendedd are not dlesigned
to and will not p~ermit. monopolies or monopolistic practices.
(e) The amendments andl the Code as amiended ar1e not designed
to and w~ill niot eliminate oir op~press small enteriprises andl will not
operante to dliccriminate aIgains~t then..
(f) Those enga~ged in other steps of the economic process have not
been dleprivied of the right to, be heard prior to ap~proval of said
For these reasons the amiendmnents have been approved.
HUGH S. JonNSON,
Adm~ lrinistr~a t or.
JULY 2U, 13~.9.
AM~EN'DMENT TO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR
THE RETAIL JEWVELRY TRADE
Subsection (b) of Article I, Section 6 of the Code of Fair Com-
petition for the Retail Jewelry Tlrade shall be amended to read na
f'ollowrs: "L The termi professional person as used herein shall mean
lawyer's, doctors, nurses, research technicians, advertising specialists
and other persons engagedl in occupations requiring a special dis-
cipline and special attainment., but shall not. be applied to skilled
craftsmen in the retail jewelry trade, suchi as watchmlakers, watch
repairers and engravers."
At ticle IV', Sectioni 6, shall be amended by adding thereto the fol-
lowmng provisions: "' However, in communities where there has been
an e:tablished customs to allow employees an interval of longer than
onie hiour for the middray meal such customs may be continued on the
same basis, providled that in no case shall the interval be longer than
one and one-half hours; andi provided further that the approval of
the Local Retail Jewreilry Tradle Commit~tee within the local area is
first secured, or in the event thlat no such Local Retail Jewelry Trade
Committee has been authorized within the local area, that the ap-
proval of the National Retail Jewelry Trade Council is first secured."
Article V'III, Section 1, Subsection (0) shall be amended to read
as follows: No retail jeweler shall advertise to repair, clean, regru-
Jute or adjust watches or clocks or any p~art or parts thereof at a
mninimnum, mnaximumn or uiniformn price, irrespective of the cost of
such repairs andt/:or services."!
Article VIII shall be amended by eliminating therefrom Section
3, entitled Prison-mode Goods ", and indicating as Section 3 the
pnresent. Section 4, entitled Compann Sclrip."
Approved Code No. 142-A8mendment No. 1.
Registry No. 1631-11.
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