Supplement to Commerce reports

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Title:
Supplement to Commerce reports daily consular and trade reports issued by the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, Department of Commerce
Uniform Title:
Commerce reports
Volume title page for -<1920>:
Supplements to Commerce reports : review of industrial and trade conditions in foreign countries in ... by American consular officers
Portion of title:
Daily consular and trade reports issued by the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, Department of Commerce
Physical Description:
6 v. : ; 24-26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce
Publisher:
Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, Dept. of Commerce
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:

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Subjects / Keywords:
Commerce -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Foreign economic relations -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available in electronic format.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with issue for Jan. 8, 1915?; ceased with issue for Dec. 31, 1920?
Numbering Peculiarities:
Each issue covers an individual country and bears a number corresponding to that country. Reports from the various consular districts in a country are distiguished by the addition of a letter (66a, 66b, 66c, etc.), in the order in which they are issued.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issue no.52f, 1919, contains misprint, November 41.
General Note:
Title from caption.
General Note:
"Annual series."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004822593
oclc - 16390134
sobekcm - AA00005307_00070
Classification:
lcc - HC1 .R1981
System ID:
AA00005307:00078

Related Items

Preceded by:
Daily consular and trade reports (Washington, D.C. : 1910)
Succeeded by:
Trade and economic review for ..

Full Text





SUPPLEMENT TO

COMMERCE REPORTS
)f DAILY CONSULAR AND TRADE REPORTS V
'1 ISSUED BY THE BUREAU OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC COMMERCE
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, WASHINGTON, D. C.

Annual Series No. 66b October 24, 1916

BRITISH SOUTH AFRICA.
By Consul General George H. Murphy, Cape Town, June 14.
The deranged condition of the world's commerce and of the carry-
ing trade in 1915, owing to the war, renders a statistical survey of the
trade situation in South Africa perplexing and unreliable, as com-
parisons, to a large extent, have lost their values. A most important
factor was the complete cessation of trade in both directions with
the hostile countries, involving the diversion into other channels of
that large business.
There was also a heavy decrease in the imports from Sweden and
Norway on account of the war.
On the other hand there are striking instances of increased trade.
This was especially true of the United States and Argentina; imports
from the latter nearly doubled between 1913 and 1915. There were
also notable increases in the imports from Italy, Japan, and the
Dutch East Indies.
In spite of a considerable decline in the total amount of South
African imports, the United Kingdom's percentage was not seriously
affected, but there was a marked decline in business with Australia,
resulting from the inability of that country to export wheat and
flour owing to crop failures.
The United States largely took Germany's place as an importer
of South African wool. Prior to the war, Bradford took most of
South Africa's mohair; but this now goes largely to the United
States. It is possible that the acquisition of new markets for its
produce during the war may prove helpful to South Africa after the
war in connection with the development of its trade.
Leaving ostrich feathers out of account, in 19015) the export figures
of produce of the land were about 30 per cent higher than in 1911.
Trade with the United Kingdom and the United States.
The United Kingdom's share of the total South African import
trade increased from 56.6 per cent to 58.4 per cent, while that credited
to the United States advanced from 9.6 per cent to 15.1 per cent.
According to published figures, the exports of South African pro-
duce for 1915 were less than one-half of those for the preceding year,
amounting to only about $73,000,000 in value, against approximately
$187,000,000 for 1914. This decrease, however, is accounted for by
the fact that, for war reasons, information regarding gold ship-
ments was withheld by the Union authorities. The complete returns
make it appear that Great Britain's share of South Africa's export
trade fell from 87.7 per cent in 1914 to 65.6 per cent in 1915. These
figures are misleading, however, because a considerable share of the
6712*--6b-16




ia.. .. -* a f...







SUPPLEMENT TO COMMERCE REPORTS.


United States' importations from South Africa has always been
received indir.-'tly via England and other countries, and has accord-
ingly not been included in the figures credited to America. During
1915, however, there were largely increased direct shipments of wool
and other articles to the UTnited States.
Trade of the Future.
The Trades Commissioner of the Union in London, in a recent
interview about the future of South African trade, said that two
great factors would have to be considered: The financial position
of Europe as compared with that of America, and the opening of
the Panama Canal and its influence upon the course of trade.
For the exportation of South African raw materials, such as wool,
mohair, hides and skins, and ostrich feathers the destination has, in
consequence of the war, undergone a considerable change; but the
commissioner hoped that London would again become the center for
the distribution of these important products, it having always been
the market for the fixing of the prices of these raw materials. The
commissioner said:
I do not wvish to' discourage the exports of these large world commodities
direct to eth countries where they are consigned, providing it can be done
rheziper than via Londbon, i. e., if there are shipping facilities; but, unless great
financial advantage is obtained by direct shipping, I would not encourage this
being done. A new market is not gained by inviting anyone to buy direct or
I,y buying locally and shipping direct. That is only losing a customer or com-
petitior in the already established market. By shipping direct you are weaken-
ing that market; and, if you weaken it sufficiently, the prices which that
market lihas fixed will become irregular, and this will materially affect prices
upon which dealings are effected here. It is essential that the great central
iimrket for our raw materials should be sustained at its fullest strength. The
best market in which to sell an article is the one where the greater number
o)f buyers concentrate, and the best market in which to buy an article is
where the largest range of the different grades of that article are exhibited.
He added that a good demand existed for all raw materials at high
prices, but that these prices were largely offset by the difficulties of
transportation, the producers' net receipts not being more than before
the war.
Future Trade in Ostrich Feathers, Meat, and Fruit.
Before the war ostrich feathers were in great demand, but as all
thle belligerents will probably have to be economical for some time
after the war ends, it is not probable that extravagant fashions will
be followed. Of course there is still America, and it is quite possible
that the United States will play an important part in the world of
fashion. The United States is practically the only buyer of ostrich
feathers at present, and it is necessary, therefore, that this position
be carefully watched with a view to continued exportations.
Emphasis was laid by the Trades Commissioner in his interview
upon the importance of the increasing exports of meat, and upon his
desire to see South Africa a large meat-exporting country.
Fruit raising has also become of vital interest in the last few years.
About 500,000 orange trees have been planted especially for the ex-
port trade, and hundreds of thousands more will soon be planted.
Within a few years millions of boxes of fruit will be exported from
South Africa. This will become a far more important permanent
trade than that in ostrich feathers. If there had been room in the
steamers it is very probable that at least a million boxes of oranges







BRITISH SOUTH AFRICA.


would have been shipped this year. The largest exportation prior to
the war was 452.000 boxes. This shows a material increase during
the past few years.
Government Finances-Moratorium.
The estimated revenue for thle year ended March 31. 1916, was
$78,321,451. but it is believed that the ;ictial revenue will exceed that
sum by at least $3.000,000. Should the l'Cv'cni to be realized by the
income tax and the tax on gold profits fullill expec'tationi.. the posi-
tion may be somewhat better, and the excess revenue over the esti-
mated amount may po-sibly reach $.,000.100. This will mean a
surplus of about $2,500.I00 to carry forward to the coming ye:ir.
The position of the railway finances gives promise of a gain over
anticipations of a year ago. For the 10 months endild January 31
the actual revenues in every instance exceeded the e.stimated revenues.
The revenue from the harbors greatly exceeded the expenditures,
and, after deducting last year's deficit, of about $1.!.50,000, it is hoped
that there will be an actual surplus of almost $5,000,000.
In the report issued by the Public Debt Commissioners for the
financial year ended March 31, 1915, the total d(bt was $;72,602,747
(funded debt $575,802,840 and floating debt $96 ,9907n). In the
floating debt there was an increase of $61,232,478, but the funded debt
decreased by $3,250,428. The interest charge for the year for the
funded debt was $19,762.112, and for the floating debt $3.317.;30,
making a total of $23,079,742.
Estimating the white population to be 1,389,054, the debt per head
is approximately $490, while the annual intereSt charge amounts to
almost $20 per head.
In 1910 the public debt was $566,960,039; 1911, $555.934,205;
1912, $570,648,389; 1913, $573,414,794; and 1914, $617,213,294; while
the estimate for 1916 is $S27,305,000.
The moratorium law, which was enacted soon after the beginning
of the war, was in force throughout 1915. In order to secure the
benefits of the law application had to be made to the courts. This,
and the fact that business continued fairly active during the year
resulted in the law being rarely resorted to. Money was plentiful and
bills were met much the same as before the war.
The Mining Industry.
At the commencement of the war the diamond mines were closed
and the exportation of gold ceased, the gold produced being accumu-
lated in the banks under Government control. This interruption
of the principal business of the country, added to increases in freight
and insurance rates, and to questions of contraband, prohibited ex-
portations, trading with the enemy, etc., contributed to a rapid de-
velopment of abnormal conditions, which not only adversely in-
fluenced import and export trade, but also reduced the revenue of the
Government and thus increased the necessity for national economy
and increased taxation. Moreover, individual economy was urged
for personal and patriotic reasons, and luxuries have to a large ex-
tent been abandoned. During the latter part of the year operations
at the diamond mines were resumed to a limited extent, and needed
employment was furnished, thus relieving the families of many un-
skilled laborers. Gold was also exported from time to time, reduc-
ing the accumulations in the banks.







SUPPLEMENT TO COMMERCE REPORTS.


Gold mining is predominantly the chief industry of South Africa.
It is also, directly or indirectly, the principal source of revenue both
for the people and for the Government. It is said that during the
last 10 years the Rand has produced more gold than was produced
by the entire world in the first half of the nineteenth century, and
that its production to-day is approximately two-fifths of the total
output of the world.
Of the producing mines, the average yield for remuneration of
capital is said to be only about 10 per cent, while in many instances
the profit is so small that a slight increase in working costs must
necessitate the closing down of the mines. If the profits can be in-
creased, capital will probably again flow into the Rand; but such an
increase depends upon either the discovery of new bodies of rich
ore or the invention of more economical processes. Unfortunately
the present tendency is toward increased costs.
Labor Conditions.
The lack of a sufficient number of workmen in the mines became
a vital question for a time. Prior to the outbreak of the war, the
diamond-mining industry ranked next to gold mining in magnitude.
The closing down of these mines threw many unskilled workmen
out of employment. The diamonds on hand are sufficient to supply
the demands until it is deemed advisable to recommence work on a
larger scale.
During December, 1915, the number of laborers employed in the
mines and lime and flint works of the Union was as follows:

Mines and works. Whites. Natives. Total.

Gold.......................................................................... 23,069 223,764 246,833
Diamond..................................................................... 1,248 2,054 3,302
Coal .......................................................................... 1,274 24,595 25,869
Base minerals................................................................. 587 7,414 8,001
Lime and flint ................................................................ 58 970 1,028
Total ................................................................... 26,236 258,797 285,033

The Rand Gold Mines.
The year's output of gold was the highest yet reached, the figures
for 1912 having been increased by the inclusion of a large amount
of reserve gold.
During the period September, 1915, to January, 1910, the Trans-
vaal production was at the rate of $194,660,000 per annum, for the
first time in history.
The average grade of ore treated fell 8 cents, while the average
working costs increased from $4.20 to $4.28 and, in February last
to $4.50 per ton milled.
The working costs of the industry, $121,662,500, remain largely in
tlhe country.
Although the working profit per ton showed a reduction of 16
cents, the total working profit was $1,006,251 higher than in 1914.
Dividends fell from $40,898,358 to $38,079,384, which was largely
due to the special war levy of $2,433,250 on the gold mines.
The ratio of the Transvaal output to the world's total continued to
increase. It amounted to 1( ptur cent in 1915, as compared with 38
per cent in 1914, and repre,-ei. -dl 67 per cent of the gold production
of the British Empire.








BRITISH SOUTH AFRICA-UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA.


Increased Costs of Production.
The average increase in the price of supplies wais approximately
15 per cent. This was equivalent to $7 .299,750 per annum for the
industry, or 26 cents per ton milled. Steps were taken early in tlhe
year to obtain reserve stocks of all important, supplies to cover four
months' consumption, which was attained in ne;irly every instance.
The outstanding example was the increased cost of zinc .bleet', which
now cost $46"2.32 a ton, as against $1i0..q" Itfore the war.
With a view to conserving supplies of glycerin, the anmoint ab-
sorbed in producing explosives was considerably red(lced, and ar-
rangements were made to carry out investigations and experiments
on a more comprehensive scale. The incre: ed cost, of realiz:;i,,in on
gold amounted to about $1,.91c).l00, due mainly to the war risk. The
war bonus granted certain classes of workers amounted to approxi-
mately $194,600. The main rca,on the companies were able to main-
lain their output was the ample supply of native labor, and at present
there is no 1)rospect of any considerable reduction of that supply.
Local Manufacture of Engineering Requirements Discussed.
A report by the Government Munitions and Iidutstries C,,mmittee
has been issued calling attention to the possibility of inainuif-'ctiring
in this country certain articles that are yearly imported for engi-
neering requilremeiits. It is mentioned that certain shops are turn-
ing out hammers, rock drills, spares, etc., and that this production
should be increased. One firm alone has undertaken to supply
1-20,00U hammers per annum. The report points out that handles
for picks, beaters, shovels, axes, and hammers (now all imported),
can be made in South Africa; that 100 tons of hand-drill steel per
month can be produced; that steel rails from 12 pounds to 25
pounds per yard can be made, as well as fish plates, dog spikes,
points, and crossings for railway purposes; also mine trucks, pro-
vided that plates are available. Engine spares and parts are already
being made. The committee suggests that the supply of local male
rope is insufficient to meet demands, and that the output should
be increased. Within the last year oi ders have been placed in Aus-
tralia for nearly 1,000,000 hardwood sleepers for the railways.
Steel sleepers can not now be manufactured in this country, but it
is proposed to widely exploit local and Rhodesian sources of supply
in order to provide wooden instead of steel sleepers.
It is believed that manufacturing on a large scale of the many
articles mentioned in the report can hardly be undertaken at present,
because practically all of the workshops in this country are being
utilized to their fullest extent. Also the termination of the war will,
undoubtedly, see the lowering of prices as well as ocean freights,
whereupon foreign manufacturers will again enter into sharp com-
petitio. with producers in this country.
UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA.
By Consul Edwin N. Gunnanlus, Johannesburg, July 27.
The report of the Johannesburg consulate covering the year 1915
[see Supplement No. 66a to COMMERCE REPORTS for Sept. 14, 1916]
contained, besides a general review of commercial and industrial
conditions in the district, tables of the principal articles entering









b SUPPLEMENT TO COMMERCE REPORTS.

into the import and export trade of the Union of South Africa. The
present report contains information relating almost exclusively to
the import trade of the Union (outside of Rhodesia) by articles and
countries of origin based upon the official statistics compiled and
published by the Department of Customs and Excise of the Union of
South Africa. The figures are given for the entire Union, as no
separate statistics are furnished for the Johannesburg district.
The Import Trade by Countries of Origin.

The value of the imports of merchandise (excluding goods for the
South African governments) into the Union of South Africa by
countries of origin in 1914 and 1915 is shown in the following table:


Countries of origin.

British Empire.........
United Kingdom...
Canada.............
India ...............
Ceylon ..............
A ust ralia ...........
Foreign countries......
Austria-Hungary...
Belgium ...........
Denmark..........
France.............
Cermany ..........
Italy..............
Netherlands.......
Norway ...........


1914 1915


$105,0W7,070
86,332,513
3,791,373
4,8(2,398
1,030,486
7,610,378
46, 5.'85,2.38
5,2. 637
1,708, ,42
616,91c
2,349,302
10,679.075
I, 28S, 635
2, 767,3 99
1,114,983


$98.043,385
83,060,473
4,759,817
6,159,174
1,112,317
2,211,995
43,312,288
33,213
140,234
544,878
2,357,867
566,086
1,650,113
2, 488,621
1,074,703


Countries of origin. 1914

Foreign countries-Con.
Russia .............. $441,713
Spain ............... 168,279
Sweden ............ 2,498,748
Switzerland........ 977,694
Japan (including
Formosa)........ 536,575
SUnited States....... 14,645,717
Argentina.......... 146,457
Brazil.............. 2,357,560
Southern Rhodesia..... 698,868
Northern Rhodesia..... 50,208
Total ............. 152,431,384


Imports of Government Stores.
An interesting feature of the import statistics is that showing the
oversea countries, with value in each case, from which Government
stores were imported. In the table below are given the principal
suppl)lying countries of such merchandise, with respective values of
the total goods thus imported during 1915:

Countries of origin. 1915 Countries of origin. 1915

British Empire....................... 6 12,215,173 Foreign countries ..................... $443,815
United Kingdom ................. 9,447,395 Germany......................... 44,665
Canada........................... 1,355,661 Netherlands...................... 66,413
India............................. 335,292 Dutch East Indies ................ 124,013
Australia ......................... 992,605 Sweden ........................... 29,720
United States..................... 163,466
Total........................... 12,658,988


Articles Imported and Countries of Origin.
The following table shows the value of the principal articles
imported into the Union of South Africa and of those supplied by
the leading countries of origin in 1914 and 1915:


Art iles nd count ri5- of 1914
origin.

Antirriction grea ;e .......... 214,9i2
'United Kingdom ....... 113, 0H4
United Stales.......... 07,427
Apparel and slop.,:
Mackintoshes and oil-
sk ins ..............................
United Kingdom...............
United States..... ............


1915


$201,176
90,799
110,265

104,431
76,623
27,472


Articles and countries of
origin.

Apparel and slops-Contd.
Second-hand...........
United Kingdom...
United State ......
All other ...............
United Kingdom...
India...............
France.............


1915


$155,743
288,822
2,187,560
1,545,751
1,078,382
21,476,585
1,535,040
2,392,868
695,914
63,518
142,145,105


$180,513
168,196
7,796
10,943,396
10,239,525
66,739
64,014


$249,807
239,597
10,161
9,080,481
8,739,485
61,357
38,319











BRITISH SOUTH AFRICA-UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA.


Articles and countries of
origin.


Apparel and slops-Conid.
All otW-er-Continued.
Germany. ...........
Swit zerland ........
Japan ..............
United Sta'e; ......
Arms and anl!mnuiitioIi:
Cartri-.lgei ............
United l King.loni..
Unite' States.....
Detona or'- ............
Unitc.1 Kingdom..
Unile.l State;.....
Guns. 't. ...............
Unite'i Kingdom..
United States.....
Gunpowder...........
U united Kingdom..
Unitedrl States.....
Pistol, .ad revolhers..
United Kinedriom..
United States......
Assay apparatus............
United Kingdom......
United States..........
Bags:
Corn. rain. and quear..
United Kingdom...
Ind ia ...............
W ool ..................
India...............
F lour, eltc ...............
United Kingdom...
In i a ...... .......
U'nitel State ,......
Basket ware andJ ratt:.-iiLs ....
United Kingdom.......
Japan ..................
Beads ......................
Germany...............
IPaly ...................
Binding twine and harvest
yarn .....................
Canada.................
United States ...........
Brass maniffai-tures.........
United Kingdom.......
Brushware.................
United Kin.gdom.......
United Sartes ...........
Canvas and duiick...........
United Kingdom.......
United State' ..........
Cem ent .....................
Unitel Kingdom.......
Belgium ................
Denmark..............
Clocks and watches.........
United Kingdom.......
Germany ..............
Switzerlnd ............
United Slates...........
C oal ........ .. ..............
United Kingdom.......
C ok e . .. ... ... .. ... .... .
United Kinedom .......
Confectionery, rancy........
United Kingdom.......
United States..........
Cordage and rope (not wire).
i.TLed Kingdom.......
i iorway................
United States..........
Corks and bimgs...........
United Kingdom.......
Spain ...................
Cotton manufactures:
Piece goods............
Untied Kingdom...
France.............
Germany...........
Italy.... ...........
Switzerland........
United States.......


1914




;31S,015
25,135
26, 2-i5
131,498

183.462
145. !"13
t;. *02
200, t,7ij
195.5,0I
5,090
129.95
958, 226
5,626
37,262
30,250
676
17,082
8,419
4,064
77,537
Wc> 447
1, S93

1,858,569 2,
192.596
1,iA4, 6Wi) 2,
316,049
312,346
27O, 852
1SI, 097
94, 498
2,619
61,678
17,519
18,274
83,986
19,559
52,568

109,287
S6,S91
1I, 629
138 077
124,166
241,328
171,992
12,268
207, S69
193,239
10, 6.3
335.,3SK2
248.566
21.802
40,913
316,985
154,798
45,706
81,879
45, 010
147, 114
144.191
136,602
135 994
47,443
40,372
4,146
209, 6R1
162,726
25,042
7. Obit
1i18,90J
84,686
16,340
7,380,348 8,
6,019.,374 7,
176,459
578,218 I
423,920
70,443
18,521


$15,938
27. 9.3
27,0 i7
1.1, I1A

81,718
5':,. 9t,3
Ili, 71I
375-, 1s}
104 ,193
70,715
27,447
21,894
4,210
i.3, 364
11,242
1,382
5,991
1,260
4,609
1 IS, I ..17
99, 51
4,390

,525, 412
1.5, 93S
,35.,5 I
393, 03.
'19:1, 130.
206, 311
171,3-10
33,3-6
1,645
40, 2Mi
7, M5
16,439
83,610
350
73,990

83,393
32,518
47,322
101,778
90,313
IN9, 502
151, 105
13,290
403, 199
339,589
56,675
205, 3e I
130, 768
5
68,666
292,943
107,199
798
109,997
69,5r7
7N, 921
7.,058
153,314
155.314.1
67,775
50, S94
12,925
284,933
222.472
45,779
10,658
145,9X1
105, 519
19,797

764,429
925,684
118,120
1 .069
440. 505
121,419
62,043


Articles and countries of ,
origin. 1911


Cotton manufactures-Con.
Blankets and rugs... I $. ,21il .372
I'ninel Kingdomn ... 711i.'1. '1 2
rl ..l.iin ......... 2l6 12t
.. ..'r.llll l .. .. . l ". 4i li
N.1 hrTl:ilr ds . .. 2", i
lil % .'. . ....... I .
I-fllitd s1q1c .. .... '11
Sha%% Is and ,halt lin,.,... 270, 111
United KIrile.I 1 lI.i.481
GCrmany.......... .71,781
Italy. ............... 19, 675
Hosiery and under-
cli, in .'.............. 3.2 5,.476
UnIrcd Kingdom... 2. ,'7i1,. 4',
Germany........... 2".,, 21i
.'I n .. . .. .. ... . 1 11.1, ;l t.
(Unird States ...... 76,243
W aqte ............. .... 131,229
t'nil el KingdomI.. 'j.I.,Ii
Gtinianv ....... .. 22 ',141
United States....... 12,424
Wick---.................. 4i, IS'
{Urdtcd Kingdont.. 2',1, -'2s
United States .-... 1,182
All other............... 1,438,180
United Kingdom .. 1,301,652
Gtrmany ........... 42,392
Italy ............. 20,926
Japan.............. 9,552
Switzr(Hnd ........ 23,593
United States...... 3,319
Drugs, chemicals, a n d
a)Ithecnry ware:
Apothecar', ware ....... 722,026
United Kiug.lom... 515,9L6
lG -rm .n........... 98,497
United State...... 42,304
Borax.................. 60 852
United Kingdom 60,018
Calcium carbide ........ 256,066
Canada............. 111,161
Norway........ .. 10', 272
Sweden ............. 25,403
United S t ates ...... 12,994
Caustic soda............ 107,005
United Kingdom... 101,778
United Stales. ..... 4,701
Cyanide of soda ... 1. l,12. 43.l
United Kingdom... 1,(,4, 153
Germiny. ........... 739,990
Disinfectants.nd germi-
cides .................. 234,598
United Kingdom... 213,464
United States..... 4,531
Medicines ............... 485,570
United Kingdom... 379,216
United States ..... 77,022
Potash, compounds of.. 44,-304
Unit e. Kingdom... 15,964
Germany ........... 16.327
United State...... 6.33
Soda, ccmpounId; of, n.
e.s..... ... 64,529
u'niite' Kinigdom... 63,155
U united Stlate; .................
Dyes and tanning sub-
stances ................... 27,744
U nitted St ite. ........... 5,368
United KI(indom ....... 10, 400y
Earlhen andI chini ware.... 6F-, 22S
Unit,.d Kingdom ....... 519,012
Germanvy...... ........ 107,603
Electrical material:
Cable and wire........ 1,039,493
United Kingdom... S19, 471
Germany...... ... 87,670
United States ..... 107,321
Fittings (including
post q I ............... 1,128,362
United Kingdom.. 765,203
Germany.......... 191,265
Netherlands........ 15,168
United States....... 107,321


914,07"i

4,584
2,492
243, W`2
C.7,.AW
1.1. 26'
1 2', '(l19
1liil, 3l1A,
2,273
16,789
3,725,566
2,962,891
jii, l5
3-.7,03S
222,910)
F-".'3,9,61~
.-'33, 236

49,093
48,183
42,144
209
1,696,474
1,567,753
2,695
20,561
45,428
18,809
8,482

725,173
557,788
5,951
6'7,595
80,955
SO, 935
.319, 177
205,249
70,443
31,506
12,390
184,202
157,140
24,225
2, I.3. 015
2, 1I16,419
36,596

251,486
235, 996
10,346
513,454
318,046
78,034
64,263
43.239
595
9,864

88,472
84.399
3,056

66,456
13,495
27,996
492,351
46"2, 064M
4,857
544,021
497,965
1,197
39,419
879,063
606,3-51
7,883
53,220
178,682










SUPPLEMENT TO COMMERCE REPORTS.


Article.; and countries of
origin.


Enameled ware. ..........
United Kingdomr .......
Germany ..........
Net helicrlands ..........
Sweden..... ........
Frelt................... .
Unileui Kingdoilm ......
United Stat- .........-
Forol andi. 'l'inc, rnicles of:
A\ le, I per, andi u o.it....
I'nied Kinglom...
I icrmany..........
Bak;n powdler........
United Kingdom...
United States ......
B iscuits...............
United KingdJom..
United Stae. .......
But ter....... ..........
United Kingdom...
Canada .. .......
Aust alii.i ..... ...
New ZealandI ......
United States.......
France ............
Argentin:. .........
Margarine and butter
SEu st it tites...........
United Kingdom...
Netherlands........
Che'ee..... .........
Canada.... .......
Nei herlands........
Chlicory and substitutes.
United Kingdom...
Belgium............
Netherlands ......
United States.......
Cocoa and chocolate
(unsweetened i........
United Kingdom...
Netherlands.........
Beans and peas.........
United Kingdom...
Portuguese E a s t
Alrica ...........
Flour and meal, what.
Canada..............
Australia .......
United States.......
3ams and jellies.........
United Kingdom...
Australia............
M alt....................
United Kingdom...
Austria-Hungary...
-ermanv...........
United State .......
Dripping and fats.......
United Kingdom...
United States.......
Argentina...........
Eggs. fresh..............
United Kingdom...
Denmark............
Italy................
Russia.............
Extracts and essences..
United Kingdom...
France............
Barley, pearl..........
United Kingdom...
Netherlands.......
United States ......
Corn Ilour and maizena.
United Kingdom...
United States......
Oatmeal..............
United Kingdom...
Canada ............
Fish- Dried and cured..
United Kingdom...
Netherlands........


1914


$216,450
90,444
115,151
4,779
1,275
56,898'
33,112
16,852
138,515
111,346
25,417
229,941
14,478
212,344
273,601
260, 017
9.071
946,958
23,04"
5
560,486
24S, 075
5
71,00
i........ ...

197,520
50,378
52, 52
75S, 637
Q q-7
616,916
97,265
19,441
37, S90
31,958
350

209,536
97,237
110,971
141,511
26,181

63,376
2,957,839
1,129,130
1,749,531
73,912
128,283
73,153
54,159
317,392
230,988
33,520
40,927
11,801
56,369
22,293
23,345
7,757
288,650
68,306
2,905
103,004
103,062
48,127
40,233
3,164
27,876
10,478
14,118
569
35,413
17,670
17,670
277,775
173,023
101,929
233,629
193,779
28,040


1915


1133,243
76,447
5,333
21,758
23,587
53,681
31,053
21,986
132,443
12q, 01 S
1 144
317.918
29, "071

251,, 3NS
6, 521
503, t;i3
21, 3u
107,5'4
24?,076
28,245
31), 537
51, s,7
40,635

143.238
8J, 614
4.3,906
:.'i5,u'i
75P-, 575
135, 167
556, 703
168,715
67,994
1,411
74,919
24, 206

251,431
146,029
10t), 199
163, 361
33,628

98,162
2,216,304
1,671,112
54,316
407, 856
92,255
67, 985
23,895
267,264
260,751
....... .
""6,'513
65,754
25,548
24,041
15,776
93,599
70,628
15,351
..........=

224,077
202,577
15,524
46,168
32, 620
705
1, 210
66,641
20,030
46,611
312,544
210,996
98,814
251,110
180,741
54,986


Articles and countries of
origin.


Food and drink, etc.-Con.
Fish-Preserved........
United Kingdom...
Canada............
Norway............
Portugal...........
United States .......
Currants and raisins....
Greece..............
Spain ................
Fruit, bot I led and canmed
United Kingdom...
United States.......
Fruit, fresh............
Canada............
Australia...........
United States......
Fruit juices and cordials
United Kingdom...
Australia...........
Lard and substitutes ..
United Kingdom..
United States....
Bacon ...... .........
United iingdom..
Canada...........
Denmark.........
United States....
Hams ................
United Kingdom..
Denmark.........
United States ...
Meats, canned, etc....
United Kingdom..
Australia..........
Argentina........
UTruguay..........
United States.....
Milk, condensed.......
United Kingdom..
Australia..........
Austria...........
Netherland. .......
Switzerland.......
United States.....
Oil, cottonseed........
United Kingdom..
United States....
Oil, other............
United Kingdom..
India............
United States....
Sauces...............
United Kingdom..
United States.....
Rice and paddy........
India.............
China...............
Siam.............
Spirits, potable........
United Kingdom...
France............
Netherlands........
Sugar..................
United Kingdom...
Mauritius..........
Portuguese East
Africa...........
United States......
Glucose..............
United States.......
Sirup and molasEes.....
United Kingdom...
Tartar, cream of.......
Franco ............
United States......
Tea .....................
United Kingdom..
India.............
Ceylon.............
Vegetables canned or
preserved ...........
United Kingdom...


1914


$823,993
170,916
183,476
214,705
81,655
100,104
129,530
60,354
36,542
57,463
25,033
11,027
791,212
20,026
26,902
17,280
74,817
45,560
25,047
261,909
47,224
211,697
843,827
258,265
58,928
449,509
73,012
248,335
126,529
33,379
88,427
574,653
75,951
241,300
40,942
38,591
149,552
2,164,956
1,393,780
174,667
56,407
284,370
83,168
43,112
149,607
20,167
123,820
]127,239
43,745
3,037
48,865
138,398
122,699
8,618
1,635,947
1,342,448
35,106
152,963
1,575,587
1,198,278
281,118
56,456
1,314,888
61,342
588,384

586,170
7,898
58,899
54,626
316,401
315,087
36,099
22,225

1,'434,"181
215,357
225,021
968,404

122,989
9,441


$1,039,297
159,139
199,823
346,465
158,862
129,065
114,746
80,687
16,696
39,779
20,133
9,996
33,518
12,463
316
1,54W
98,322
65,498
31,5.54
295,309
19,458
213,958
793,302
237,510
82,331
383,261
87,426
282,757
116,635
71,046
95,076
655,451
96,278
174,799
115,185
36,031
214,861
1,997,230
1,144,161
59,420

514,510
124,253
90,025
122,576
15,835
103,821
205,993
54,091
69,367
59,074
153,449
140,987
7,664
1,917,177
1,387,225
134,867
301,713
1,806,415
1,373,638
322,493
77,961
560,848
57,711
21,855

446,681
28,361
82,107
80,842
239,087
236,906
57,740
28,177
13,402
1,551,6e8
126,290
367,216
1,022,700

147,968
15,762


.1











BRITISH SOUTH AFRICA-UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA.


Articles and countries of
origin.


Food and drink, etc.-Con.
Vegetables, etc.- Con.
Belgium...........
France.............
Italy ...............
United States .......
Wines .................
United Kingdom...
France.......... ..
Portugal...........
Spain ..............
Furniture and cabinetware:
Bedsteads............
Unite'I Kingdom...
UniteJ Siaes ......
Carpets and rugs.......
United Kingdom...
India ..............
Curtains, cushions, cov-
ers, etc ..............
United Kingdom...
Germany..........
Linoleums and floor-
cloths.................
United Kingdom...
United States......
Mats and matting.....
United Kingdom...
India..............
School and church, and
decorations...........
United Kingdom...
United States......
All other ..............
Unitel Kingdom...
Canada ............
United States......
Glass and glassware:
Bottles and jars........
United Kingdom...
Germany ..........
Sweden............
United States......
Plate ..................
United Kingdom...
Belgium...........
United States.......
Window..............
United Kingdom...
Belgium............
United States.......
Glassware .............
United Kingdom..
Belgium...........
Germany ..........
Netherlands........
United States......
Gl ycerin:
Crude.................
United Kingdom...
France.............
Germany..........
Netherlands........


$42,3.7
17,071
10,2.3
20,G610
22u, 055
22,074
13,0,125
,6, 294
15,968

309,271
295,280
12,015
255, 153
195,950
27,251
167,972
120,378
30,605

351,120
315,453
1,557
66,991
26,11S
23,252

97,631
71,241
12,531
1,116,060
68%,623
50,081
167, 425

499,848
267, 468
78,443
75,022
46,860
115,682
80,891
32,523
15
95,286
44,377
44,572
44
190,718
56,106
46,S69
52,393
2,234
12,994

2,100,926
1,177,172
190,115
182,995
456,662


utner...............................
United Kingdom...............
Netherlands....................


Haberdashery and millin-
ery:
Gloves and mittens.....
United Kingdom...
Belgium...........
France.............
Germany..........
Italy................
Umbrellas and parasols.
United Kingdom...
Haberdashery..........
United Kingdom...
Austria-Hungary...
France.............
Germany...........
Netherlands.......
Italy..............
Switzerland.........
United States.......


205,970
55,225
32,202
33,150
53,731
20,809
99,505
94,206
4,944,607
3,205,438
101,641
345,716
691,962
6,662
29,399
393,421
73.786


$1,537
16,817
58,992
26, 142
251, t09
24,566
164, .3 i
40, 426


2S2,339
2,13,33 i
IS,731
2.39,517'
162, ,2q
53h, 04 2

130, 70.3
115.. 5.9
2,411
302, 010
299, S9.8
2,0347
79,434
16, 9,I
45, 7S8

43,442
34,017
S,092
656, 042
38.3,9ti65
52,25 1
112,892

497,631
223,357
2,591
162,716
69,255
149,582
132,301
5,884
8,866
143,265
80,477
5,363
41,152
99,223
36,333
1,338
1,927
24,279
19,714

465, 821
146,764
287,449

1, 300,962
1,216,401
69,980


159,850
54,378
12,244
52,101
9,592
24,109
81,382
75, 752
4,388,193
2,881,968
12,346
406,288
38,182
99,129
60,451
667,095
128.597


1914 1915


Articles and countries of
origin.


Hardware and cutlery:
Axles, etc., for carts and
carriages.............
United KingdLio .
United States.....
Boltq, nuts, and riels.
United lizin-dori..
Beltium ..........
United Stites.....
Cash registers .........
United .tal-i ......
Cutlery ................
United Kingdom...
Germany...........
United states ......
Fence wire.............
United Kingdom..-
Germany...........
United Stales......
Fence standards.......
United Kingdom..
Belgium..........
Germany..........
WVire netting..........
United Kingdom...
Horseshoes.........
United K ingdom..
United States......
Nails and screws.......
United Kingdom...
Canada ............
United States ......
Sewing machines......
United Kingdom...
Germany..........
United States......
Stoves................
United Kingdom...
Sweden............
United States......
Tools..................
United Kingdom...
Germany ..........
United States......
Wire rope ............
United Kingdom...
All other..............
United Kingdom...
Germany ..........
United States.......
Hats and caps:
Straw .................
United Kingdom...
All other.............
United Kingdom...
Italy.............
United States......
Hops.....................
United Kingdom.......
Austria-Hungary......
German ..............
United States.........
Hose, conveying..........
United Kingdom......
Germany.............
United States.........
Implements, agricultural:
D.iry utensils .........
United Kingdom...
Sweden...........
United States......
All other.............
United Kingdom...
Canada............
Germany...........
United States.......
India rubber:
Tires ...................
United Kingdom...
Franco .............
Italy ...............
United States.......
Other manufactures ....
United Kingdom...
Germany...........
United States.......


$209,420
1lA, 490
17,928
272,300
224,613
12,069
26,255
25,579
25,389
374,321
29), 170
68,506
13,290
1, (J42, SJS
27A, 07
294,900
456,925
4-7,037
74,496
2 211
54,719
1S9,498
179, 559
93 ,6.36
86, S96
6,351
272, 003
166,390
136
40,670
268, 913
197,2S3
56,004
15,101
274,904
145,304
47,633
68,817
322,634
12.5,613
31,978
146,107
.504,481
W03, 877
2,420,337
1, 83., 322
203.154
294,7.50

207,352
182,878
789,337
707,779
29,525
5,640
148, 774
80,725
14,838
27, 666
25,111
212,715
89,272
19,013
104,216
105, 788
13,281
46,529
6,165
1,668,159
544,980
199,108
120,981
786,310

(a)



165, 865
130,733
12,706
14,473


$147,9.7
137,5 7
10,020
300,730
266,032
78
33,539
21,160
20, 887
377,017
336,553
2,399
33,092
395,937
82,964
9,095
302,706
,6,783
38,718
16,376
'00
76,662
67, 9041
C.A' .5S6
4%, 134
16,619
361,269
151,076
49,273
134,623
.-0l, 913
273,342
2,560
21,539
23, 625
132,588
61,065
86, 156
534,794
279,649
2,394
231,475
404,079
403,310
1,560,167
1,189,518
12,590
297,441

208,461
192,348
811,883
75.5,918
22,911
6,755
90.897
57,663
438
2,059
27,943
243,739
96,946
5
146,063

144,019
11,110
100,260
7,616
1,120,900
464,721
116,226
11,096
502,057

1,385,457
784,490
71,348
231,261
270,339
18,, 524
153,747
297
22,405











SUPPLEMENT TO COMMERCE REPORTS.


Articles and cou itrio; ofr
origin.


Instruments, m I, .i .....
Unite,. K inmdom ... ..
ferm an%. .... .. ... .
I united Atat'i ...........
Iron ani s.,teel'
Angl., channel, .an'l T.
United l\ i-' % in ., I .
I'nirted Si 1' ...... .I
Bar, l.oll, ant ro ......
tnitle'l li -loin :o ..
]lelglitrn ..........
S 'Pe. len.. .......
United States ......
Girder-c. l)eam-;. ei .....
IUnited Krn..ilomrn..
I ;f rrr i it ,' .. .. .. .....
U united St-lt .......
1oo'p .. ............
nI'lite4 d i .oni. .
1"ill i =,0 l I e, .......
T ip p .:,n I ftl in .'.... .
United Ki i-domn].. .
(Germnan%. ........
ilniled Stit. .....
Plate and sheetp, tilain. .
I 'niter' 1, in 'I'jm . .
I ,' iL-im .. . ... .
LnritedI Slut, s ......
Galvinized, r-trrr;rted.
United l in'- ,m ..
I'niIed St i I .. .
Galvanized. piujin ......
United KineMdom...
United States....
Milled, tinned, or rolled
and at ..... ......
United Kiticn.
Unlited State. ....
Jewelry......... ........
tTnited Kingdom ......
United Stiales .........
Lamp. and lampw.ire ....
United Kingdom......
e' rmr an '..............
United States...........
Lead and lead acetate......
United Kingdom.......
Not herl.inds ............
United Statpe ...........
Leather and manufacturers:
In the piece ...........
United King.dom...
Aijus rali ...........
United Statle .......
Bootsand sh-e_ men's'
United Kingdom...
United St-atec .......
Boots and shoes
(w om en': i ............
United kincd-,m..
Austria-Hi-,igary ...
Germm ny...........
Swit 'erland. ......
United State." .......
Boots and s I oes
children '. ..........
Urrdled Kinndom...
United States.......
Slippers ................
United Kingdom...
Cerman ..'........
I'nited Staleq .....
Sad'ilerv and liharness...
United Kin',dom...
Other mantthr lures;....
t7nuiiid Kingdom...
|icrma, v............
United tate ....
Machinery. etc '
Agrifultiiral ...........
Unilel Kingdom...
('an-ida..........
United Sta.tes. .


1911


3)55,305
159,908
331), O966J
43,709

95,221
C-4,943
19,5J.)i
96.5,7S4
S70,157
22,126
11),322
50,324
29', 174
1'0, 367
SS."10
22,152
5', 737
22, OJ9
I I f
1, .O1, s24
V)94. O4b
4553.012
inl, S7 I
277,675
1.51. 182
:31. ol2

I. 1.5 7
1,2.29,5)l
51,762
283,133
273, 1357
9,309
17.3.239
5, '-S9
6616,928
610, q43
2,472
193, 167
79, 231
52,802
57,497
231,476
106,271
40,207
29,618

791.196
441,667
30', M7
27,320
2,70),352
2,639. 273
99,092
1.671.594
1i,41 q 299
25,476
20,215
82,745
91,150

913. &50
813,280
15,5558
11,. 733
q), 502
16,221
4. 62
203.010
199.4.q3
387,C. 673
337, J381
37,1104
4.711
487, 122
ISa. 27
92, 410
183,277


--------


1321,740
228, 648
21,778
52,519

62,577
53'.89 1
8.540
1,09,% 153
987, 67t-
1,596
C,4 ,307
39,808
134,972
113,155
Y), 797
7;, 720
3.5,340)
42,777
1, 043, 226
61, 006
41,54.5
295,411
594,871
253, 780
961
343. 127
I, 032, 06S
3S-, 792
06. 276
186, 825
156,010
30,815

19,067
IS, 711
310, 199
2!13,S$6S
2,292
156,774
72, 54
4,005
62,792
290,682
197,376
30,32's
44, 962

1,141,495
296,516
664,131
177.559
2,494.2,0
2, 21,259
207,761

1,490,914
1,273 9S1
224
5
86, 871
128,198

721,906
69s, 031
13,519
59,429
57,029
209
33,072
29. 5!5
253, 5s1)
240.268
534
5, 163

366.725
121 816
21,500
219,508 ii


Articles and countries of
origin.


Machinery, etc.-Contd.
Bands and belting...... 1606,524
United Kingdom... 423,468
United Stales....... 165,782
Battery cloth ........... 159, 897
United Kingdom.. 1, 293
Netherlands ........ S,000
Crane; and elevators.... 171,456
United Kingdom... 152,598
United States....... 12,298
Electrical .............. 2,110,419
United Kingdom... 867,015
Germany........... 818,594
Sweden............ 17,290
United States....... 401,958
Manufacturing ......... I 1,519,022I
United Kingdom...' 1,221,779
Belgium............ 40,523
Germanv............ 95,743
United States....... 96,254
Mining ................ 3,418,028
United Kingdom., 2,233,209
Belgium ............ 28,799
Germnany. ......... -291,513
Sweden ............ 97,002
United States ...... 753,422
Mining buckets and tip
trucks ............... 264,679
United Kingdom.. 232,190
Germany .......... 30,508
United States...... 15
Packing, engine........ 153,916
United Kingdom.. 79,283
Germany ........... 19,451
United States ...... 50,865
Printing and bookbind-
ing ................. 166,818
United Kingdom.. 1]1,971
Germany .. ....... 23,919
United States....... 21,751
Pumnps............... 5ss, 000
United Kingdom... 323.155
Germany.......... 10S,208
Switzerland....... 8,633
United States...... 140,564
Sewing machines........ 20,273
United Kingdom... 14,220
United States ...... 3,810
Tanks and vats......... 51,434
United Kingdom... 40,061
United States....... 9,397
Water boring ........... 95,238
United Kingdom... 12,950
United States....... 80, 229
Windmil s............... 334,624
United Kingdom... 53,507
United St.ite3;...... 277, (C67
Wool and hay pra_?:es... 44, 226
United Kiiigdom... 13,923
United States...... 29, 106
All other ............... 1, 971,8 55
United Kingdom... 1,662,468
Germanyv........... 113,671
United Ntates...... 147,547
Manures and ferii izers:
Basic Flag.............. 67,090
United Kingdom.. 29,374
Netrher:ands........ 19,349
Bone manure .......... S9,023
United Kingdom.. 25,690
India .............. 24,498
Germany............ 13,003
Netherlands....... 17,155
Super pl.o ;lphles ...... 428, 761
United Kingdom... S7, 995
Germany. .......... 45, 258
Netherlands ........ 290, C32
United States .. .. ............
Metal corn poition.......... 71,453j
United Kingdom....... 65,522
United Stales.......... 5,216
Molion-piciture films........ ............
United Kingdom..............
United States............ ..


1915


S713,166
524,550
186,543
156,569
123,477
11,953
94,998
86,365
8,545
867, 726
534,322
19,992
23,802
285,965
1,482,184
1,377,540
1,869
1,436
78,088
2,985,217
1,788,969
20
10,570
11,801
1,106,655

199,463
192,353
3,723
3,377
214,253
128,607
63
80,974

56,689
49,458
44
6,404
432,139
234,468
1,611
64,305
126,159
17,081
10,974
5,207
56,514
45,993
8,954
19,826
1,455
18,259
168,375
24,882
142,067
55,137
10,366
44,299
1,290,278
1,015,113
23,997
222,510

102,338
102,211
127
42,709
18,084
21,904
370
49
535,879
457,947
26,766
38,141
99,642
79,343
20.279
195,205
189, 156
5,815











BRITISH SOUTH AFRICA-UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA.


Articles and countries of
origin.


N itrates ....................
Chile ...................
Oilman's stores:
Blacking and boot
polish ................
United Kingdom...
United Stales .. .
Bluing ...............
United Kingdom...
Resin and rosin.........
France ............
United States.....
Sausage casings ........
United States......
Starch .................
United Kingdom...
Netherlands.......
United States.....
All other ........ .....
United Kingdom...
United States.....
Oils mineral:
Lubricating ...........
United Kingdom...
United States.....
Motor spirits, benzine,
and naphtha.........
Dutch East Indies..
United States......
Paraffin...............
United States......
Oils, vegetable:
Castor.................
United Kingdom...
India..............
Coconut...............
United Kingdom...
India..............
Ceylon .............
Australia...........
Mauritius...........
Zanzibar............
Essential and perfumed.
United Kingdom...
India...............
United States.......
Linseed................
United Kingdom...
Paints, varnishes, etc.:
Turpentine and substi-
tutes................
United States.......
Varnish...............
United Kingdom...
United States.......
Water paints and dis-
tempers .............
United Kingdom...
United States.......
Allother.............
United Kingdom...
United States......
Paper:
Bags ....................
United Kingdom...
United States.......
W all...................
United Kingdom....
Printing...............
United Kingdom....
Canada.............
Germany...........
Norway.............
Sweden.............
United States.......
United Kingdom....
Germany...........
Norway.............
Sweden.............
United States.......


1914


SJ,073,116
1,044,6132

243,02S
236, ,72
3,7-i'6
63, M3
63, 491
45,215
23, 121
'21,320
48,347
33,316
122,009
95,8.51
6,179
5,951
3.56,610
274,976
46,056

726,636
S6,M1
627,667
1,164,299
557, 837
600,817
1,284,580
1,28.3,169
77,889
4,757
26,570
83,521
9,508
25, 252
1,815
29,067
16,575
... .... .
88,749
20,221
30,980
6,968
1s9, 828
IS9,161

71,653
69,498
107,534
93,568
9,411

59,672
24,755
33,963
592,071
52), 539
43,005

176,254
150,433
21,841
132,144
116,727
960,343
439,567
288,393
73,294
30,133
54,903
4.5,234
3103,267
SO,847
35,116
57,069
110,898
5,289


1915


8546, G2S
54', i7,;


202,300
197, ';72
4,540
66. 53
65, 24.5
84,744
46,713
.1,214
58,422
51,916
133,298
88,950
14,39f5
29,476
460,660
351,063
91,308
607,1,797
65,692
606,1 064

1,336,896
694,917
638,630
1, 1 84, t64
1, 1S4, 554

110,020
69,859
35,836
153,443
32,070
17,042
21.252
21,174
32,883
26,502
62,394
19,324
467
7,932
169,5:30
169,325

72, 418
71,241
94,059
82,117
11,373
57,297
23,753
33, 301
535,314
494,260
28,235

203,448
169,904
33,121
100,844
9S, 951
826,614
387, 121
274,461
1,144
34,9S5
89,359
17,S21
388,612
105,792
1,114
67,206
165,222
20,746


a With railway material.


Article, and1 counl rics of 1914
origin.

Pcrfiimrer',, etc :
c'cr[,iii,?,-" ............. .C31 I, ; ii
I 1tn lt'rvd ki I dom. .... 119, 711
I ntc'.lj Kin.L'di~imn... i l~i, 57l
France.............. J i),J
U niteJ States....... 111,204
I'er fi nici spirits........ 83,999
United Kingdilin.... 46,309
France ........... . 9,173
Germiny.......... 26,230
Phonont a phsT. nd accessory itf 380,572
Uniied Kingdoin....... ;14,:6;:3
Germanv ......... 21, 167
United rates ........... 5,031
Pliotoiraph'i: materials..... 240, 176
United Kingdom....... 132,490
United States........... 87,845
Plate, silver, and plated
ware..................... 527,561
United Kingdom....... 468, 371
United States. ....... 5,m3
Printers' and bookbinders'
materials, n. e. s.......... 233,047
United Kingdom...... Ifi6S, 011
Netherlands ............ 22,702
Sweden ................ 12,268
United States.......... 10,332
Q uicl-sih'er.............. .. 1.31 .'15
Austria-Hungary.... 67,824
Italv......... ....... 7,494
Spain .................. 34,265
United States .......... 9,226
Rails. light, and accersories,
for" industrial purpose .... (a)
United Kingdom ....... ............
Germanv ..........................
United States .......... ............
Railway material:
Rails ......... ... ... 380,798
United Kingdom.. 23,741
Germany ........... 328,503
United States..... 25,519
Sleepers ............... 146,997
United Kingdom.. 1,840
Australia........... 132,835
Germany ........... 11,251
United States...... ............
Locomotives........... .62,689
United Kingdom.. 35,194
Germany..... ... 22,600
United States ..... 4,805
Rollingstock........... 163,231
United Kingdom.. 58,685
Germany ........... 97,904
United States...... 5,907
Allother............... 117,190
United Kingdom... 47,278
Gcrminy ........... 68,452
United States ...... 569
Saddlers' and shoemakers'
material (not leather).... 141,946
United Kingdom...... 127, 785
United States .......... 3,796
Seeds, garden, vegetable,
and field................ 121,307
United Kingdom...... 46,981
Australia .............. 12,901
France ................ 19,792
Germany.............. 17,364
United States .......... 8,239
Sheep dip................. 215,250
United Kingdom...... 192,251
United States .......... 1s, 283
Ship chandlers' stores...... 99,505
United Kingdom...... 79,353
Norway ............... 13,115
United States .......... 3,124
Silk manufactures:
Piece goods ........... 246,868
United Kingdom. 31,992
India .............. 15,548
France............ 51,890


I33 'ui :.'.
4 _., 22'I
177, 892
.v5,401
71, 51')
9, '-
273
70, ( 27
61,727
1,348
'1,51,s7
218,904
127,960
88,551
286,403
279,448
3,986
175,102
110,966
24,021
16.343
13. 9;2
237 6;, 1;

70;243
114,898
50,105

197,288
66,652
28,313
101,700

142,475
39,910
35,369
66,490
80,218
41,589
27,860
5,362
4,774
42,173
39,214
....... .
'"2, 4 59
63, 225
38,425
4,278
19,276
114,435
65,1 1
12, :3t;
36,781

229,704
220,847
3,883

79,923
48,533
3,572
13,713
151
5,830
330,85(1
257,917
72,939
125,142
103,958
6,949
5,407

457,621
48, 743
73,061
53,999










SUPPLEMENT TO COMMERCE REPORTS,


Articles and eauntriOes of
origin.


Silk manuractunres-Contd.
1'iece gonds-Contd.
Swit;eriand .......
China ...........
Japan ............
Hosiery and under-
clothin .... .......
tUnil lted Kingdiom.
J. pr .......... .
1lille I States......
A ll rI Iipr ..... ........
I niled Kingdom..
] nlia ..............
Japan .............
So. p'
tom m ol ..............
Unite I Kingdom..
Ausitralia ..........
rnilte! States......
T oilet ..................
i'nitel Kin-dom...
United S.1 .e- ......
Solder ...... ... ......
UTniterd Kin'.dm ......
Spot in, r: uod,; ..............
U'nitedl K inAn .;t,)m .......
United .l Cn l'..... ....
Stji ioner, and boo'ks:
Books.' .................
United Kinedonm ...
N t herland ,.......
United St-ile ......
Car Io 1 .! d ho se;........
l'United Kingdom...
Cardt. pla % in '..........
iTnited Kiri'Ilorn ...
Ulnitedi State; ......
Ink, 1rinl cr ...........
l niI,-, Kin. do . .
Vitle' St' ito; ......
Ink, t er kinl.......
United Kinz.lom...
Printpd m.itter n. e s...
United Kingdom..
C(erm.-inv. .........
United State;......
T; ine ................
U nitedl Kingdom...
Typewriters and acces-
sories................
United States.....
All other .............
U-nitleI Kinvdom...
.\A Ust ij- 11 ungary..
a ,; rm anv. ..........
NetI, l id lnds.......
United States.....
Surgit.iil and dental appli:
ances ........ ........
I T ite1ed Kingdom......
United States.........
Tallow and substitutes....
Australia ......... .....
United St:ile; .........
Tar and suhlistitlites.......
Unitel Kiingdl.jin ......
M e'\i o ................
Telegr:'aph and telephone
m aterial,n e. s..........
united Kingdom......
1 nitel Staltes.........
Tents and tarpaulins......
United Kingdom ......
Tin and tinware:
Plale and sheet........
United Kingdom...
United States......
Manufacttures...........
United Kinwlom...
United States......
Tobacco:
tUnmanuifsetured.......
Turkikh Emrire....
United States......


1914


$33,735
26,824
68,087

36,879
14,921
11,811
2,733
162,926
A2,336
13,597
30,911

1q9, 463
151 ,6106
2,', 702
7,538
155 110
102 751
39 91`1
45.745
43. 459
39R. 0i9
351. 1190
2.423

1.093.376
1,010,753
47,730
14.061
99. 7:32
89,6b17
21. ?65
6.979
14.S13
62. 0'2
52,44r6
2.079
313447
32,310
733, 2:5
63q, .533
30.3'2
35. 82
113.325
111,560

121,993
106 970
971,019
787,346
16,205
43,147
17, 01,6
85,178

19S3,418
141,474
23,982
3S2,542
345, 41S
112
86,0OM
6S,331
234
71,629
44,723
5, 124
154,929
140,165

241,252
221,5.52
19,617
143, '325
98,581
25,286

241,780
49,687
160,916


1915




W46.976
56,515
158,400

23,853
12,4173
3,192
3, 65U
231,329
94,016
10, 62t
101,213

141,912
87,914
40,227
13,130
219.,124
141.956
74.175
48S. XC6
4r. 611
279. 6'3
26A. 2.37
4,112

1.013. 5.5
90n. 712
39.0:74
1 1. ;>' I
91. 06I
87, 913
21 lFit)
5i. ,Il t




30,090
2..7, 761
417.419
439, n21
1,757
37.059
106,610
104,245

63,683
52,655
I .3, 3S0
71 ,465
1,139
2,234
19,554
99,082

218,739
1711, 162
35,287
433,293
394,687
9,217
100, 872
83,89S
10,195 I

54,827
411, 41i
5,431
120,,)72
115,978

384,736
318,941
65,750
186,500
169,194
14,848

145,557
35,822
91,355


1914


Articles and countries of
origin.


Tobacco-Continued.
Cigars ..................
United Kingdom...
Netherlands........
Cuba..............
Philippine Islands..
Cigarettes.............
United Kingdom...
Other manufactures....
United Kingdom...
United States......
Tobacconists' wares:
Pipes ..................
United Kingdom...
France.............
All other..............
United Kingdom...
France............
United States......
Toys and fancy goods:
Toys ..... ...........
United Kingdom...
France...... ......
Germ'any. .........
United States......
Fancy cod]s........
United Kingdom...
Germany. ........
United States......
Tramway material:
Rails. ...... ........
United Kingdom...
Germany .........
United States......
Rolling stock..........
United Kingdom...
United States......
All other (including
sleepers .............
United Kingdom...
United States......
Vehicles:
Bi.-:ycles, tricycles, and
parts. ...... .......
United Kingdom...
United States......
Carriages and carts, and
parts .................
United Kingdom...
United States.......
Motorcycles and parts..
United Kingdom...
United States.......
Motorcarsand parts ....
United Kingdom...
Canada .............
France .............
Germany...........
Italy ...............
United Slates.....
Perambulators.........
United Kingdom...
United States......
Power lorries..........
United Kingdom...
France.............
United States.......
Wheelbarrows..........
United Kingdom...
United Stales.......
All other and parts.....
United Kingdom...
United States.......
Wax:
Paraffin...............
United Kingdom...
India ...............
United States.......
Stearin ........... ......
United Kingdom...
Belgium............
Netherlands........
United States.......


$196,504
14,054
62, 106
93,072
12,736
334,655
301,331
24,357
17,738
5,660

126,276
53,327
59,147
92,031
49,439
19,597
1,611

207,284
100,123
3,460
85,052
13,441
220,530
115,793
57,006
2,813

68,798
II, 03G
35,613
21,422
101,333
93,568
1,981

98,250
59,600
24,605

770,407
703,093
7,290

134,101
25,535
95,636
797,439
698,635
6.3, 532
3,668,008
1,585,472
621,583
131,069
202,807
13",, 931
957,868
50,855
39,536
10,662
130,106
71,143
12,906
36,830
39,428
5,723
33,116
84.006
39,726
35,798

626,159
122,310
148,404
317,607
148,218
61,970
74,331
2,866
9,051


1173,247
13,543
59,819
87,086
9,314
184,898
165,787
26,109
18,702
7,086

66,262
30,893
38,861
87,666
44,290
29,754
3,577

246,113
164,818
23,641
8,341
36,611
221,479
165,807
4,506
7,655

35,807
26,702

9,105
124,436
104,420
19,622

38,815
26,294
9,387

346,295
333,989
9,056

86,080
6,064
68,321
543,257
365,367
175,311
2,255,267
438,545
703,433
7,864
2,385
2,195
1,099,001
61,814
40,651
20,760
121,328
25,452
2,594
89,160
23,684
1,372
15,295
5,835
1,679
4, 156

823,392
139,616
138,088
533,487
142,472
78,098
1,582
32,547
27,369










BRITISH SOUTH AFRICA-UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA.


Articles and countries of
origin.

Wood and timber:
Oak....................
Japan ..............
United States......
Pine....................
Canada ............
Norway............
Russia............
Sweden............
United States.......
Poplar..................
United States......
Walnut................
United States.......
All other kinds.........
Canada............
Australia..........
Russia.............
Sweden............
United States.......
Iumber- Flooring and
ceil ing ....... .........
Norway............
Sweden............
United States.......
Other planed and
grooved lumber......
Canada............
United States.......
Wood, manufactures:
Boxes, and parts.......
United Kingdom...
Norway............
Sweden...........
United States.......
Casks ..................
United Kingdom...
Norway ...........
United States......


1914


176,161
6,317
64,394
1,931,718
201,011
300,842
100,732
893,410
424,723
26,314
24,732
30,839
30,815
267,945
62,354
32,328
*8 1,455
37,307
43,983
(6,97,394
I.S0.387
494, 168
9, s55
88,046
24 9Sfl
45, 526
434,722
38,552
58,310
301,407
5,864
40,2S1
10,205
7,621
11, 130


1915


$128,665
20,984
104,128
1,205,977
150,594
162,415
31,0S2
607,962
251,520
25,364
25,359
2, 211
25, 73
180,324
86,837
54.690
2,307
.........
"33, 8G6
373,021
177, 846
173,087
6,579
59,897
14,775
32,552
519, S&3
36,942
39, 892
425,740
2, 141
35,010
7,874
12,424
1,426


Articles and countries of
origin.

Wood, manufactures -Con.
Handles for picks, etc...
United Kingdom...
United States .......
Houses and frames ....
United Kingdoni...
Swecden............
United States.......
Slakes..................
United States.......
All other..............
United Kingdom...
Russia..............
United States.......
Woolen manufactures:
Cloth and piece goods..
United Kingdom..
France ............
German. ..........
United States ....
Blankets and rugs.....
United Kingdom..
Germany..........
Italy ..............
Shawls and shawling..
United Kingdom..
Germany..........
Hosiery and under-
clothing .............
United Kingdom..
Germany..........
United States.....
All other..............
United Kingdom..
Germany..........
Zinc......................
Belgium..............
Germany.............
United States.........


South Africa an Attractive Market.

While not approaching many other countries in the volume and
aggregate value of its import trade, principally by reason of its com-
paratively small white population and general lack of development
of its immense resources, South Africa nevertheless offers an attrac-
tive field for trade cultivation and development in practically all
lines of manufactured products, as a study of the import figures
will show.
Outside of the gold and diamond industries, which are conducted
on a much larger scale than anywhere else in the world and with a
yearly output incomparably greater than that of any other country,
there are few industrial establishments in South Africa, which is
therefore dependent to a large extent on over-sea countries for the
merchandise in daily use by its people and for the needs of its
mineral and agricultural industries. In other words, outside of its
exports of gold, diamonds, and other minerals, to which may be
added a few raw products, such as wool, hides and skins, ostrich
feathers, and corn, South Africa is essentially an importing country.
Export Trade by Countries.

Exports of South African produce from the Union of South
Africa in 1915 totaled $73,134,511, as compared with $187,336,287 in
1914; but the figures for 1914 include $99,977,211 worth of raw gold
that was exported (all to the United Kingdom) during the first
seven months, while those for 1915 do not include any gold, as the
figures for the exports of that metal will not be available until after
the close of the war.


1911


S74,W-4
24, ;.54
42, 3110
'..', 1, U I19
77 153
62.) -
I(lI t2I
47, R.9.
.'), 1 4
I S6, 967
66,228
28, 182
45,390
1,395,327
1,233,974
94,147
50,485
292
1,137,233
966,517
61,396
78,886
2.51,330
1 S6,364
44,314
450,511
401, .175
2'9, 16
5,270
71,372
42,563
26,449
683,252
68,112
245, 0.S7
340,051


1915


$70, 954
12, (006
:*1,920
,-7, 037
21, 102
J1, v)!
.o. "IS~
34,231
17x, .132
i'l, 113t
4..1, ,9y7
42, .46
1,784,263
1,715,037
SI' ,
2,677
1,986
1,009,254
933,390
764
55,162
150,058
135,288
2,696
430,266
411,009
1,737
6,433
117,691
112,207
1,343
1,004,845
302
8,049
984,697









14 SUPPLEMENT TO COMMERCE REPORTS.

In thle following table is shown the value of the Union's exports
of South African produce, by countries, in 1914 and 1915:


Countries of destinat ion. 1914

Birit ish Empire ....... 5167,573,986
Ignited Kingdom... 164,395,261
Canada ............ 22,435
Indi a ....... ...... 36,997
(Cevlon ............. 266,305
Aust ralI i ........... 404,270
British East A frica 93,223
M'Niuritius........... 189,886
St rait s Setlilements 1,701,927
origin coLunt r ies....... 11,949, 404
Ilelcium ............ 2,C09S,595
France............... 396, 581
French possessions. 32,844


1915

$53,033,798
47,980,064
106,425
410,557
139,498
1,475,396
118,373
251,141
1,277,101
12,580,525
43, 579
120,066


Countries of destination.

Foreign countries-Coo.
Germany............
German Southwest
Africa............
Port ugal...........
Portiuguese E a s t
Africa............
Portuguese West
Africa .............
Argentina...........
United States.......
Total.............


1914


$6,973,218 ...........
222,000 ............
....... ..... 368,831


552,343
37,715
1,318,585
187,336,287


504,150
90,799
149,367
11,331,791
73,134,511


The outstanding feature of the South African export trade for
1915 is the heavy increase in the value of the shipments to the United
States to $11,331,791 from $1,348,585 in 1914. The exported articles
mainly responsible for this large increase were wool, hides and skins,
feathers, angora hair, rough diamonds, buchu leaves, aloes, and argol.


WASUINGTON: GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFrIC : 1916







UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
I II 111i11111i 1 Hiii llrI 11111 IIm 11 1111 111 1
3 1262 08491 2962


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