The Fats and oils situation

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Material Information

Title:
The Fats and oils situation
Physical Description:
301 v. : ill. ; 26-28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics and Statistics Service
United States -- World Food and Agricultural Outlook and Situation Board
Publisher:
The Bureau
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publication Date:
Frequency:
frequency varies

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Oil industries -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Oils and fats, Edible -- Economic aspects -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )

Notes

Statement of Responsibility:
United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
FOS-1 (Mar. 1937) - FOS-301 (Oct. 1980).
Issuing Body:
Issued by: Agricultural Marketing Service, 1954-Mar. 1961; Economic Research Service, May 1961-<Oct. 1977>; Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, <May 1978>-July 1980; Economics and Statistics Service, Oct. 1980.
General Note:
"Approved by the World Food and Agricultural Outlook and Situation Board," Oct. 1977-Oct. 1980.
General Note:
Title from caption.
General Note:
Item 21-D.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000502965
oclc - 01588232
notis - ACS2699
lccn - 46039840 //r82
issn - 0014-8865
sobekcm - AA00005305_00073
Classification:
lcc - HD9490.U5 A33
ddc - 380.1/41385/0973
System ID:
AA00005305:00101

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Succeeded by:
Fats and oils outlook & situation


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BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

1664.I__


-JuNE 1942


IN THIS ISSUE:
SOAP AND GLYCERIN SITUATION, 1941
AND 1942


GOVERNMENT PURCHASES OF LARD AND OTHER FATS AND OILS
FOR LEND-LEASE AND DOMESTIC DISTRIBUTION
PROGRAMS. MARCH 1941-MAY 1942
POUNDS.
MILLIONS RP
SO00--------- LAR) ---------__


. ....* ...
;i::' :** ": :? :: ..:::: ::ni: p
5:;::.:?' : i : i::.. *


1941 1942
DATA PROM A. M. A.
INCLUDES LJNSEBD OIL. MARGARIJNB. BUTTER. OLEO OIL, EDIBLE TALLOW.
BEOBIfMHiNl, ROZSTALD SALAD OIL. AND FISHLIVER VITAMIN A ) OIL.


ILL wI U aU MIUWLIUUI


NEG. dime BiUiAU OF "ICULTUAL iCOcOiMiCI


.,....... l 1941, 330 MILLION POUNDS OF FATS AND OILS WERE PURCHASED BY THE
l .M WU CtULTURAL MARKETING ADMINISTRATION, CHIEFLY FOR LEND-LEASE PURPOSES.
:1".-m"e!!Y :I THE FIRST 5 MONTHS OF 1942 AN ADDITIONAL 416 MILLION P 0 U N D S
~.T.: :.'" ."ih :: HT.. PRESENT INDICATIONS'POINT TO TOTAL PURCHASES THIS YEAR IN
jR;' epnt r BILLION POUNDS. (FOR DATA SEE TABLE 2.)


B..I ^- "~ ,,T ...,

,-',,:SITUATION


I'll,


..... ... ... .. .










numbers of prices May 1940 and 1941, .rh-q 191.42


SItem-90 : 19 ac h T


:
Butter, 92-score, Chicago .......................... ...........
Butter, 2-soore, New York ........................................
Oleomargarine, dom. veg., Chicago ...........................
Compounds (animal and veg. cooking fats), Chicago ................ .
Lard, loose, Chicago ............................................. :
Lard, prime steam, tierces, Chicago ................... ...........:
Lard, refined, cartons, Chicago ..................................:
Qleo oil, extra, tierces, Chicago ................................ t
Oleoatearine, bbl., N.Y .......................................... :
Tallow, edible, Chicago ............................ ..:

Corn oil, crude, tanks, f.o.b. mills .............................;
Corn oil, refined, bbl., N.Y. ................................... :
Cottonseed oil, crude, tanks, f.o.b. S. E. mills ................. :
Cottonseed oil, p.s.y., tank cars, N.Y. ..... .................... :
Peanut oil, crude, tanks, f.o.b. mills ...........................:
Peanut oil, dom. refined, bbl., N.Y. ............................ :
Soybean oil, crude, tank cars, midwestern mills ................. I
Soybean oil, dom., crude, drums, N. T Y...........................:
Soybean oil, refined, druas, N.Y. ................................:

Babassu oil, tanks, f.o.b. mills, Pacific Coast.................:
Olive oil, edible, drums, N.Y. ...................................:
Olive oil, inedible, drums, N.Y ............. ................... :
Olive-oil foots, prime, drums, N.Y. ..............................
palm oil, Niger, crude, drums, N.Y. 1/ .......................... :
Rape oil, drums, N.Y ............................................. :
Rape oil, blown, drums, N.Y ......................................:
Teaseed oil, crude, drums, N.Y. ................................

Tallow, inedible, Chicago ........................................
Grease, A white, Chicago ........................................ :
Menhaden oil, crude, tanks, f.o.b. Baltimore ..................... :
Sardine oil, crude, tanks, Pacific Coast ......................... :
Whale oil, refined, bleached winter, drums, N.Y .................:

Linseed oil, raw, tank cars, Minneapolis ......................... :
Linseed oil, raw, drums, carlots, N.Y. ..........................:
Perilla oil, drums, N.Y ........................................ :
Oiticica oil, drums, N.Y ....................................... :
Tung oil, drums, N.Y. ........................................

Castor oil, No. 3, bbl., N.Y. ...................................:
Castor oil, dehydrated, drums, carlots, N.Y ....................:
Cod-liver oil, med. U.S.P. bbl., N.Y. (dol. per. bbl.) ...........:
Cod oil, Newfoundland, drums, N.Y ................................:


Cent. cents Combs
W.54 W..7 3W. 4
27.6 35.5 34.9
15.0 14.5 19.0
9.5 13.0 17.0
5.0 8.6 11.4
5.6 9.5 12.7
6.4 9.8 13.5
7.0 9.8 13.0
6.0 9.6 10.5
4.7 8.2 9.8


5.9
8.8
5.7
6.4
5.9
9.2
5.0
7.1
8.0


25.9
15.0
8.5
7.5
14.6
17.4
12.5

4.2
4.2
4.6
5.6
9.5

10.0
10.6
18.5
17.5
24.8

12.8
17.0
60.0


9.9
12.6
9.2
10.5
9.5
12.5
8.7
10.4
11.1

9.2
63.7
47.5
14.8
9.0
12.2
17.0
18.6

7.5
7.6
6.7
7.3
9.9

9.9
10.9
18.6
19.2
31.0

11.0
15.0
82.5
10.0


12.8
15.5
12.6
1'4.6
13.0
16.9
11.8
13.0
14.2.


75.7
59.3
19.8
12.2
15.5
18.2
30.0

9.3
9.6
8.9
8.9
11.1

12.4
13.4
24.6
25.2
40.2


13.8
18.3
78.5
11.3


INDIm NUM S (1924-29 100) 4
i .


Eight domestic fats and oils (1910-14 100) ....................
Eight domestic fats and oils ....................................I

All fats and oils (27 items) ......................................
Grouped M origin:
Animal fats .................................................
Marine animal oils ..............................................
Vegetable oils, domestic .......................................
Vegetable oils, foreign ........................................
Grouped PZ use:
Butter .........................................................
Butter, seasonally adjusted ...................................:
Lard ...........................................................
Food fats, other ..............................................:
Soap fats ......................................................
Drying oils .................................................... :
Miscellaneous oils ........................................... t


87

79
L07?
98
228

79
86
72
In
101
LO9
L07
93


127 133 A.
90 94 .:J.

S102 .:

84 89
126 126
128 130
160, 16 *

?8 85 '
76 89
97 97. .
14.2 14.2
128 128 i
134 140
114 114


Prices compiled from Oil, Paint and Drug Reporter, The National Provlsioner, and reports of the Agrioul
Administration and Bureau of Labor Statistics. Prices quoted include excLse taxes and.duties tare ap1
numbers for earlier years beginning 1910 are given in Technical Bulletin No. 737 (1940) and The Fats w
beginning December 1940.

2/ Three-cent processing tax added to price as originally quoted.


* 37.9
19.0 -i
17.0 "I
1.4 :
12.7
15.6

10.5
13.0 '

9.8

-12..8 t:'.
15.5

13.0
f7.0

13.0
14.2


_.::

- "Ii


10.7
75.7
59.3
19.8
12.0
15.5"
18.2


9.3
9.6
8.9
8.9
11.1

13.1
14.2
24.6
25.2
40.2

13.8
18.5
81.2
11.3


Ml ME













FtL'VUi$,.,,rM deq!d the first;eign of weakness in several months,-.:
......Voe .in t.ol,,sRl, markets f.r fats ar4,o ils. ....
,:. :,:dretailprioes now in effect, there is Iltti,, :. ',:
S. ...'* .. N : o ,
,.4:r "id .inttriql and institutional consumers to main- ...

S5. pt. -. tP finis g he goods beyond normal needs* Some liquidtion

cf av-. f af!ishoed fit. and bi6e apparently is taking place .
< ... ... .. ." .
Itmj.aa@=iiJ4 eo iin In'sa les by mAniufaoturers. .9
!:i ... : : : "* : : ":
.d'heiw rrmat reibvtion In wholesale purchases. may result in a smaller ,
.l40..010,O "r6ny 'fats. and oils ii the second quarter of 1942

Bat. Wll gidthonozsumer purchasing power expected to rise
.h*i'l rear and :idth maxim pri. in off eat, a high .
K .
B et4 yr,^ tobigos manufactured from fats and oils is in
:, i ,: :, *: >. i "- 8 "-" *** .



to the rate t factory operations may be increased in the.
....


-ear Il the absence of Government restrictions, total

t i.o..:.t..Er.o....w (iftp 0 fats and oilsin 942 probably will equal '

T l_ l bii u pw^ijka ireachead in 1941. 1
Pf' l shipment ill add to requirements for fats


tils..t,.:,. bento- oepartment of Agriculture thiso
'|t.til' tz to i, KblI "."Ce.larger, although needs .ay
K 4 4




,:4.."lof:" fats e"d oils inc lauding ,r efining4
4. ...... ...*K,,.K







:!lPj..P -: of .sap in 1941,w25 per-u1

;14pa
K; .,... .. 4i. 4. & .,,. .A. .. K.i K K,", ,
!i:[}:!ii'{;; :.:.;to. .> en .,,in' s --or tha I bil io .p."".,.und""s:.





-. ir'
,,evw, or 11 although needs- m 'y
P i!i;. .: ......>'. r ........

:!:; ; ;: ", ; : .

EE......... A Su : : ** "" 1 "s 25 per-.
A.-. A .. .: .....
in::.~~.::: ;. .: ,
..-: .. .... A > : "" .
:, :.... G.onsumpion'of soap was"
4.P... : :
!x. ." 6 .7:"
:.~ ~ ~ ~~::p, "jo C,: +" :. ." f .l; MA;$::.Il



















*e14 Jt re ni..ka N'. .s i n;.' -

... I -. .S ; r.: .
.. g rrxiwiOF RSflDPSO.: *. B-wE




'"* *' "* :! i" '" '-, '. ": *| ".':" "." % ." : :'- S ^ ;'* '
,BACKROUNE.-. Prices ot\ fa. 6t-.s rpnd' o0st i "w.
low in 1 9 and '1940, ."ada ,e ".liatpl 4'n the .i,*'. ..
of 1941, reflmtn a tight 'tf Pirinv01tui j-on AP.:
materials, marked imprpen int. Ain *d.d mebitio lB-i
Government pLWrchas6s of ltrd for oQXprtc IP: ;s:4:l# I
Ileveol off during the- seond1blfa l9t I :pr1a4y a.. ..
a tempor,4ry.ltmprov6ment- in shipp1nht :'d' Part 'IV4pdBt
price-controL.'measures.. In th4 tic at quarterS1M'j|.
e:er, further advance es8..were made- .notably; by ....i
.'seed oil. Maxi.mum. wholesale & tr fatss .64Z .
r- tist estabi ised- on Demihbor f1 .1941 4 ,..,T.n .,
thp maximum. pribe'-pohedqle dak r'ised tap~ai~4.
*- a. afqrther incraaase in.-the inattz44priun tpfat' '4i ^
ap4 the b.eiltng on linseed oil was lkeiqu'a4, Ntflot
N ay-18D, ceiling pricea r .er atblia.6e C'.i qtavt
pf fate and oils,".exo6et butter -and- linseed o tai-
prces. ehsrgeod dring- March ,1942., I -

Prices of Fats and Oil-s Mostly Titohangead -.,. ,. ... .' .'.>
S .n ay; Oil 'Meals and Oilseed De&ins. ;
The index number', of viholesale prios of1" S 7 1Ta .,
stood, at 102I-peroent pf the .1-924;29. Oer*ase ':r y,...,
ipril azd 87 in.May31941. Prpicers' .of 'odt -tas ';.And' 414"A
*,near. reiin ,1eveL a. .ing May. Pr.ss p. .....W.tr ....-
are not sube0t to priwe,' eings, anresdnt.rl thip' sM
April. The price. of butter, declined. ..,hobi.."e'i :I't !,
(92-score, Chcago)' at 'the" begivniLg of. ..j:.
end of the.month, eand early in. -June :it: Ar ...,

prices of lard, linaid. oi, and..t" -aesoref ,t. t .
at~~~"L ~c .it is bein s p.."'t.": 'IV''th.e Sp: h 0.

0il:al .prioa "ded W" May....... "
-.also--deolined sfghtly.argely.
-v.l a.. o -. ,"** .. t.,o.'..- "...%. j '0 .
pric s,-o ...:*..:* ; ,,o. .. -. ..,.gq.,...

al .. o- .-.., line .'i, y r .. k ."..' ,Xw '
... :. ,..: ..... .. .: ,,. : T.











p.y. to nxte prie..or t.axsee at Buenos Aires in .
B qptj y padi & easternraitetif, it will b S,

iid' Epp.. om t E .$ per -lbhg ton, c. & f., New York,
"L .a"a"a. ti U' df new-"cr6p supp. ie -in "razil. .

Remdin ut
d'' ... '" "" S tr" "he n :

1^i dmemafd ya tolesale markets for fats and -oila was
m 4 'Uh-and--early June. Actual price declines vere few end slight,
:'vai veers of:. d.: .:E ,d


.... I... ..e Fears of. d....r.i revisions of price ceilings
iA6nflu 6 buyrs'-'ofi s one 6onrodities, but the fixing of
,ol 'lep retail. prici aes 'apree-s t"have had a more important
''d eo l::t:'ih the ,ising ttid in detaill prices halted, dealers
.W s 'i6'iqner id&er a' incentit& to build up inventories
.a tsitkS at levels above normal requirements of' their business
.t. ."4he red.c.uoqd buying noed in, wholesale markets kppsrently re-
|'%:itdr4en:eiy of dslert and dtheres t'o' reduce inventories. ',
N:t.ter QE..-d. I.. vr, oo.ntinues to".,strengthen. In May 1942,
I OritI I3 1= Q p- u, were 20 tRo 25 percent greater than average
fithe nrnoease is expected-as the con-
ftlll .g : fir lilLan to ri ilitary- production reaches oomple,-
Sim-rote* for T trinihed products made from -fats and
%,0i1Wi.p, l.orI zk. rkeri.e, and shortening, maybe expected,
r i.:atd& y greater in 1942 than in 1941; and with
i f, th* ufeictat the retail level.,, quanititi purchased by
tad.t. to `r orasein. about tae same proportion as expendi-
.. .. .. 4K. .
.,*lQ)AU!V onf' *pr Atr.at6 arid'-oil.s may b e s mall1er in -.the
.... ct#:. At. 4nth. 1i:firvst, reflecting naller purchases of
iit" vvit' probably increase again
I:llip ... .h. fei'f 6;'! :aftgo purchasess by con-
'- :t.: ^ .dis b or,.ao nrufaoturer s. Total
^: .B Tr x t": `194 in the absence of
..... .....".... .. t. a o146 AX' O .'exoeed'the 11 billion




-dx;idtifisa by' the Agricultural
... ..l ...eo.. t ...... .the.jnit. .d .
.4 &Ff Mnd.:a *.' Begin'ing inM.aroh
L, 'i-wi millib4 Pounds monthly:
'Wyt"41in; h1 pa r. has.el average e d 6O ,
.pj itt i-.n u more. th.n .80 peroento of the i
~4. .o&. "
,i! ::'. : :,,' ..:, :.: / )j'
-, ,I ,, : A :, :: ,,
Am K :, :.: : ., .. .: ,. ": .. .. ..
















large shipments of .fats and oils will b.ia-de -to Ou4iiatw.-t
countries after hostilities cease., C0nnental; .rO...'..a ........
at least one-third short of its normal, t rfeqtI en'ettb,#t
especially marked in the .oq.opied countries, ,.. ..7'-* ,,jg.
: & : = -m"
In addition- to fats and oils,- nearly.270 ,1io0MaZ$
bushels) of soybeans, equivalent to about 4. iiii4patn
purchased by the Agrioultural Marketig Admnistiation t. .f i
through May 1942. Approximately -'nmilI'ion poukdse:ef shOfleu:$
equivaent to about 2.5 mill ioa, pounds of o, i1., .5so werMO.. it
period. A ...
,. .1 12. 4'7.
Maximum Price of Packers' ""it
"K Tuned Lard Reduced -. ", '.
Maximum prices of refined .lard for sale by proo eesofte,
port boxes) were revised from the highsat prices oIbarged: mt4
vided in the General- Maximum Price Regulation rm ently' isl ...
Office-.of Price Adminaistration., to the,h.ighest. prices .h$e4'
The .change became effective June 8 .under ,.Amendment "IQb..s':...
Schedule No. 53.. At the same time, maximum. prices for,:' ,. g
lots of lard, f.o.b. -Chicago, were revised. u.puard.'tptjql....".
Loose lard, 11,90 cents per pound; leaf lard, 'awl2, .i
steam lard in tierces (bash lard and futures), 12.90 o0 l-:4
pork fat, 11.90 cents; refined lard in export boaes, flSr. t 'f
chan ge ). I -.. "" ... -".^
4-
'* *u ,..- i..
Previously, the ceiling on lobse lard hsd-'beef :. t pound, and the ceiling, on prime steam lard.in'.ti"er.das. 0..
per pound. Thus the nifximum price' of 'loose. ;lar4dB ft':a-ii- L%
cent and the .maximum price, of -tierce lard fbout 04 .4-lt
b srad between maximum.prices of.' .loose and tiero 4lr .i '
approximate cost of tiercing. .. "*''
The main purpose of the revi.siqn's 'was o lebrb.t .OfI#
of refined lard by chain stores, wich rep6r d..' "tt..pi. a5 U -
based on highest March prices/for lard .pur:oh. .bd .. :'.
normal. Maximum prices for refined '.lard so64.4by.tQ4A4.4 t$
other than packers remain hnchan e .*at higbea 0W;,tjh^
oases c ompeition may f ore prloes chargedd, ".i'.S..
with prices charged .by packers, '" -" .- ." ; ."... .
.4.- 4j~ ..
-. ,. a "
*. :* .- : "* ., ', *:. -,', -. .... G
".. "V ".i ."
'.. "..~ ~ ~ ~ 1 .... 4 fl '; i ii














S-v prte ..1ate ...ent. per l0.optunds*. The farm prieeo.pf hogs ..
!Il:t.i'348'f..iF j100 pounds, was .2 percent of the pari"y pOtice '' .:
........... .F.v.. .
'I:ttlM TmF *-'1. Tor Glee--
,.,.. m u i .. .w ,e "*' *" '. .. .'" :,' "*.' *.
A^p l t i i ....:.' ".sttbl.ished. ..
? q.ipcfif ':vo im prio ne lot a oleo stoa-kc, oleo oil, and oleo atearine
o.i#a~Smor "'buyers for ,*y purpose were established June 9 by, the '"
.. I..nezat~ iUtde m n n
trai.on under )anendzient No. 4 to Revised Price
"...7bS. "^'.:The m..ii'p.ices, f.o;b.e Chicago (used drums or
in ceats 'ape pound, are as followsja Extra oleo stock, 12.75;
M. utock.. l2.0; e1tLtra oleo oil, 13504; prime oleo oil, 12.75;
i.% o :, ,~l
iStOse(^|; 16461-0 .l6sual ors normal differentials for location,
Illy;l nd type of purohaser, above or below the naximumr prices
Sitdcntinu, to apply. Oleo stock is a, high-grade tallow, froxt
Iii' e oi and ole66tearine are produced by expression. Oleo oil and
tfi~arae re- used. extensively in the bakery field, and in the manu-
e a. margar and shortening.
Jf 13'::"",.::? ^ *! ': ] 'r >*:' ,
- "! :: .. ,' ,.. ** .... *. .. .-,.
^|fe-~i~r **~'gg1lg*'i~and -
rs y *i *.. s"-* :- !. : .. '1 .<.. *, ,

9atta t n seethe supply of fats may be launched in the
Wt4 Ona. b&0 i; b i6 the nature of uniform meat trimming regula-
'1h& -.b t'aobtaining an increased, take-off of animal fats
.js :i :st..al .: isLi.... 'Thb- other would involve the salvaging of
kk,,ihaold..f and .groiaseS .in areas where-adequate rendering
C.,,, t t .......b..- ..- .


|Atnatesi havebeen, -me aof the increase in fat production
." tdat. proraT.m,. Potentially, a billion pounds'or more
X.tOOV*^ @4r^Z^^ nd ndsial uses in addi-
a. ...i. d now proddedd In' meat-paoking plants or re'


. ~ ....n.t the meat trom deteridration and to preserve its
POSsible overcrowding of render ing faci cities.,
ll I 7.4n, to the, destio supply of fats proba-
.. .. .. .. ......... m e

t.h t apestion .otbe to programs@ In-
In deaibl.s tallCw' would be-of material assistance
i'ands Ite inoreased- production at in-
sm ate and. td afrit the ions of i-ported
Ai:..4 J46fi la, irn Otw alt lore of sioape and
01 416S.t ._ 'te Manifaoture of soap, and
tbA Udnas &port.d
.... ..... .. Q
p. $vg. 4. .ii v :::: "
M .. ....,.
4.. H.: :;" ..!i ,y ; :: :. :


*Lj


;:*,

:Ei. *: :, ....i::.
!!i; *w ,: .. '" :


















beans; castor oil; coconut oil; scod-liver oil; .ood'61:..j.o.t.:g
kernels; copra; corn oil; cottonseed oil; flaxseed 'hu lf ied;:'
o n .."."...E: ..u..
mnrumuru nuts or kernels; neatsfoot oil-'oftioiba.o oil; "t".l- y'.
kernels; ouricury oil; palm oil; peanut oiltrapessed;-yl .eSl
rubber seed; rubber seed oil.;'-sesame seed; slatk Ail'and sh3E|kt4
sperm oil; sunflower sed; sunflower oil; tuoum.a'ntis otI'keNvil"7i
wool grease; and whale oil. .M '" ". : ', .

Amendment No. 1 to General Preference .OrderM-40-4.:'. .....i..
forbids any person-to use, process, deliver, or'aaoe pt .tv.. ..
oil except to, import the oil into the United States.'or-t-?,if:.l;i1
or Maritime Cominission contracts- or sub-oohtraets, iWth.t,.rk, u
ing specific authorization from the War. Produetiot..Bomn. "v7'I
made monthly by the Board. The anendment also places lsp,';h4. 0""
tiois on the use of sperm oil in theproduactin .of lubri wst.ii0i


greases .
.. .
Curtailment of world whaling acttrties hat .tad6de i a 6w
tion of sperm oil necessary. The most .important *us'..e:'a..!pf
production iS as a lubricantforbreaking in, mtoorsi "t iL11-1*'
a. lubricant for making machine tools,- for rifling guns, is 14N
and as a finishing agent in textile manufacture. ..- ... .'
) .. .. ,. .
-.. .. i .,. ..^ "^ !
The restrictions imposed on the use of cashew'naashhelaj*l-
General Preference Order 16-66 have been modified by.A h W r
May 14* The amrrendment permits use of this oil, withbit regard to; j
enoe ratings, in the manufacture of brake .linings f'nd 'Oth friet
elements ordered by the Army, Navy, Coast; Gurd,. or Marit.i.me :
or to be installed on aircraft of any kind. Bu thette,'f:of ths i&t
the manufacture of brake linings for other purpOses ie'faI bidd.ei
under special circumstances-. The oil mnay be used1 a bfore, tMi.
orders with a high preference rating for moldiiig riasne I ?n. 'JsUid
aviation electrical parts, or for resin' asoluti.as for impresaiktli..
electrical coils. Cashew nut-shell oil is. an I4di'ble industrflA....
Snorftally imported in small quantities- frot indiai .'., ", ..i
:. ....- : :;
-. ,* ,. : .- *. .. .*" : ,::: !
Food Requirements Committee. Established I. .. .*' .
--- --' '' : ':y .* ^ *.- .: ... .. :. "..E I:..:: .~
A Food Requirements Comiittee was e*#iblhbJaaa.e4 Vt.4
Production Board under the oha"..n.ship It..w.tSy ...t 1
Other agencies represented on the'oo t 'e"' 'St
Departments, Offioe of Lend-Lease AAdianistrtlBo .,
and the Divisions of Industry Operations ittrials ,a.6QI.
of the War Production Board. ..
: .. a ... "r' '.'
,. ..",. :" .'..:: : : [.:, S.,


:'.















t,,f...l .ig "Fbro pr.duot.. ei nd fro".'.agrioultur*1. ."
" lcl! '.E, 4*::o.|. e ct food. for example .oap.
rE,::A|pie'.arts of .Ariou3.lwue',ulready .has. undertaken a "Food-for ',."
i Rawu14.1ifprovideS'. .Mong ether tlwags, -for a mnr.ked. incx'ease ^j
on 1g|tM~:l.f v..egetabte'.oil.or'Jp, and .auira.a fats and, oils. The
ttt*, i|stshe. S ^ri~ouin -lal, Maerl e-tingx fMrnirstrat ion, al!s o is
y aC.e&+ *be fop4.p chaseae progra,..for th, purpose o. -supplying ,
^&it. !t.llal; q-iftitieE of +uch neoded products as pork, spray
e44d144~heeso,.a^ exardwi~v Urader? ,tho ~new authority delegated
Wte.nrfciiit.|heo .oniaodity Qr. edit.; Corporation. recently has Under-
0%P ob&6!0 tn+.i.. mpwarti of' "food, ahd agricultural materials
tt"L # .'&.deBeked.ato.hlo.hing, fats, oils, and oilseeds,, as the
4&t'.aene~y $tbf:;;is fllId1, worlcihg Lni odopertition with the
iBi' Enoi-i fpruf a'nothqt epei'rnents and agencies. The purpose
i3t ...jrs ,toenp~r.s:a i.rn tporatin dt. food material. in short
,.thi-ena,%ry." .a.z.tfli e.i sent .ntwith. other needs for imported, materials
~t&%p'*vii:$^t: *tshipp-ing -faoilities. In connection with the
*4r^; t1^e~freaderty' onMay^ gO,funder. enier~gaioy .p3wers, authorized
ttry.. t trinf.ltUrsi &ncng heres, "to make emergency purchases
il ;li,:..i&" proided '"that whe such.putchaaes are made
Jtb '~' mt!ri4 :hlt :bea .wite" free off.duty.", However,, if this
....lt; : i, :.ubg.eo,.ed .to"ha.ae any depreissfrg effect on



?llllll ;!i .,:: "...i:";'^1^ .co is. in" :1941 .* ..
...., c ffa^ ^^ ftap -.. th '.' .::.pps. of .. 3. i g .. .. ..? e.ntores
^yn|YYpt^flt of soprse
; i S.S a..... c .....,..... ".


i l< .Zluwt.wtrandrcsmn et, .in ome. in .194 1
:: ...+ m "'i.. "pfurp to.. e .of. bu~lding.u"p i~nventories.

do"',J" ::" o.*t"t"":+4.' f.s'"Voi-oatf~u 5anst

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inventor ie.- held by. dealers and large .o.eji Bai'.r ...
extent to meet requirements, Prioes of the .prfl6y fa" '.sn
soap have. been placed under ceilings4 '.Thee. nde .' y :ubu'r o,.
Stood at 128 percent. of the 1924-29 avfterg, in May. ;""*' inpr
percent last December, but no ,further rise is.'timemdiati1y -1- IS.
'. ; ",, ::/ ..:' ,....,.. .. ..
Proportion of Major Ingredients :.
Little Changed in 1941... : ..... -h. .
..; .. *.: v ", : i. /f .,f B
Marked increases ocourre4d in 1941. over M:ln.he.
inedible tallow and greases,, palm 61i, icntit : ..oi, O0flSA4i,
and other oil foots, and soybean oil' useAd in the. ;innutra3 'fi ..
., pl- .........ar ou .... PV .,.
S table. 3). As available supplies. ofithe.variots pr30bio0.
plentiful, soap makers were. able.; to. -use about the a e M.pcifl
slow-lathering oils, qu ick-latlering oils, ,soft oi 3I:, ir,
in 1.940 -.roughly 65, 20, 10, and 5 percent, respeotivP4% Tl,"
of tallow rose. from 40 percent of the tqtal ,qaponifiabij &t
in 1940 to 4-3 percent' in 1941, while the proportionn on.ta_ l'&i
fell from 6 percent to 3 percent., No. other notable c 'ang9:-'e&1|q
thd proportions of individual- oils used .(see table 4.- A-a.
of the fats and oils used in.1941 ws of foreign 0-igl..:93?i. .F.4.0..
percent of the total in 1940, .. .
I 1X
Supplies of Quick-Lathering Oils "' '' ..: ",
Much Reduced in 1942 ,. ....
Marked changes w4ll occur in -1942 in the' proportion .,o t6f.'
types of oils used by soap makers. Coconut oil, the priteipal. i. 4
lathering oil, and copra, the.-raw material from",wh.ic hIT i st .
no longer be imported from the. Philippine Islands, normally our:
of supply. Some coconut oil and copra from other source A...
available, and imports of baba'ssu kernels end 'other ver .."-2t|iin$W :
kernels from Brazil may be increased. Also,' as the War F.ad":,:
has.r.estrited the urns of'-mestt- k ecijdk-Jatherring o t&
in which a high percentage of the. glyoerin, content, is reqOp 4 171'
* will be diverted from edible uses to soap. Nevertheieeq, ,k3t::W
Of quick-lathering oils available for soap making will be'tlh.S41
1942 than in 1941. .:, ..t.."
,. -. .. .:. ", ".. .. ... ..
The outlook for supplies of slow-lather, oOls: ft" : y
Although imports of palm oil will be greatly re.e:eod beet.io: tt..
dependence on the Dutch. East Indies for. mopt of, ot _urg s:sSd :
production of inedible tallow and. grease il ... ;b0 4l
offset the reduction in the qu entity of p -.,P .Q .. 1.,
: :. "o* *r .^' / ^ ..l^ ^
,,~ ~ .. : ,: ':". '. .' '.':. *:. .:. ,. ... ,, .,:; \::. ; :....:
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W|| OLfJ68 usedj Dy -tile mutyn, y, compared witn yW*.L per pent in ivsu
*r .7tg 'of 13.5 percent e ,fi% rom- 193"to 1939. Prbduotion of cottonseed.
0 tpte'-the principa. i.tem ijong themsoft oils, probably will be smaller
..... t?&an in 1941, but production of -oybean and linseed oils will be
go '. liuparimpon with requrements for' making soap. However, these
.ttrolkar e ettgenesively" used for other'purposes, and their prices are
hih. -.t~ive .tp'L tallo,. 'and grease prices to permit hydrogenfiation and
0.rIn tthi ufaocture of' hard soap on any wide scale.
I i .1. .
f, HProduction of 4glycerin
_______ m ioii"' r.
M dait glycerin is produced as a byproduct of soap .It is a con-
r It all fats end oils, where it occurs in chemical combination with
S .Dzut i bg the soap-'making process, which consists in treating a
4t--yt 'fqfta -and oils with -an alkali such ds soda lye, this combination
r% f:Lir n and the glycerin is set free. In the production of hard soap,
:O,; y.e (dissolved in water)- settles to the bottom of the vat in
.... Xd .c the soap Is made and can be recovered. Large soap makers normally
: Oflder .dst of the glycerin produced, but smaller factories frequently do
> t-A .7 nd it, profitable to do'so unless glycerin prices are high. A small
pi t opT the glycerin produced in the United States is recovered by "fat
S..-.Wditteaj who separate a fat Or oil into its two components, glycerin
$,^fatay ac'id,-without producing soap in the process. The fatty acids
Si. ..be .used ij-,the placee of fats and oils to make soap, but they also have
.a.th impot industrial uses. Other methods of producing glycerin exist
lbut they are too costly, at least, in normal times, to compete with pro-
d Octeion: cof glycerin: by the soap makers and fat splitters.
: ..... .....
| ; With production of, soap the highest on record in 1941, production
$I rin was also at a new peak, reaching 224 million pounds (crude basis),
a cc' ding too', reports of the Bureau of the Census. This was 24 percent
W to t 'as produced in 1940, the previous peak year, and 51 percent
OF *eiaerage production in the years 1935-39 Since April 1 the
If Sinc Ap i ... a d o he
it> i ot oil and other quick-lathering oils, as well as palm oil not
edi b : t le:i.. t and'terne plate industry, has been restrieted-largely to
...e..-kt rs,,oer '.a high percentage of the glyc-6erin yield from these
$i'aD.espi te. this. conservation measure, however, production of glycerin
t '. ma1er in 1942 than. in 1941 because of the re-
Ait: n *i .'Of i ies of quick-lathering oils, which yield about 25 percent
A3MXyO in Eer'pund of oil used, on the average, than other fats and

.......jan j of QGly.nrt to

OW, 3fL ,t. Iettensivtely used in the manufacture of explosives, in
ti. I;' tob^qo for: .-mbking 6nd- chewing, and in the manufacture
tiuehi"''.&,. ..'S."3 gna ter gums, which are used-in varnish. Glycerin in also
lat qt etitiea-in coellophane, drugs and pharmaceuticals, paper,
Wetiisba. ad k"dhesives. In addition to its military uses,
W. '.." .
~~~~~~~~~~~~. .. ....... ~; ii!.... i" ..,..:'" ": .:"....."""."".... .. *1 :.". ," .. ."*,.. .
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MEM
-T
7- lea, OVR' MOW,
Jv 4- -i+;,+
008 Ib'+."1- boo I 1-b:o 'A 000 + 4,Q lbIIj
.... .... .
.'Irmo*
M., 7-

42 '00"
8,37,
-26, 1?4.' A
2 1,00 8
%
37,- Z29 WWen 44
OV
*544- 84 246 -pop 9
14746 IT, sa

107 WWW 129-
-1942
7' 22 460 W--
Feb. i 41'0925 --- 27
3,74207 S-8 IM W
Ma r 7,60 127 WW- 1 314 7 j..U. 7
106-602 1., 75 7 LI
72 13 49. 275. 2,3 102
.2 1,,460 63 Z2*290 2.0283 4rLo
lky 44,
20., 85_ 3,577 6,9
Grttnd o 2,28.3 1"61.9 go 830,
307 20 975 3,977 484 690 94 248 17415 E

Eed yr
d from
Milp re-pSRs of the Xs-ricultural fjarFe"T;!n-g Acffilnitrationt. Tlo-als 'ded -nuMer
ble andinedib'
Edi le
March, 15-31
FO ended Jky Olt
'ur weeks exoept for linseed oil 5 Ive e L-8








-" Diu =_., '***y 1 -.;...;jL:.7^o f ..(.;?331 7 *:..:.;'..* ....," ***^ iqi
*7t0. 0l .. t .^ti
Hard hiBs (tallow class) .., : ,,. :.
a ln4,lathering
allow, inedible ...... s 613,509 7Oi;,267 7T95ItI 7S6.)45LC46
Whale and fish oils j/.. 1 09,0.o9 l45;54 16643-: 1o0,-5l
/ Greases ..o...........: 941'247 96,;6 120,g56 -2,a6 IJ
/ am oil ...._.......3 l41,358 91,@2 102,16 84,1 :
/ Tallow, edible .....: l43 32 4 :
Oleostearinte ........... 321. 2. 2
Lr. d ...*............. :7g _7
Total 1......,i,38.58 1,036,792 1~j.175. 4272X>.W.
Qpick lathering -- --''-
Coconut oil ...........z 252,241 342,9S2 398,9g2 396T; 0
Palm-kernel oil .......g 111,5.1.4 ,1495" 3,657 '
Babassu oil ...........: 14,31 29. ,63 4i,
Total ............... : .Q3 30,769 006
Soft oils: :
Oottonseed&oil foots : ...:. :
and other foot. s/ ..S 193,000 208,000 156,r000.. 30,000
Olive oil, sulphured. i : :" *
and inedible .........1 1 8,74 16,312 20.507 16,5 5
Soybean oil ., ........: 10,274 10,897 11,177 17,IT6E1 l
Cottonseed oil ......... 8,,414 2,883 l,oi 2,971
Corn oil 2,392 2,514 4Q4Il 441 5vl6
Castor oil ,............2 2,123 1,810 946 1, 25
Linseed oil ........... 1,359 1455 1780 1,09
195 45 1.T7 0 9 .9 .""
Peanut oil .............: 820 5145 05 ..'
Sesame oil ............. 2,944 302. 31" ""
OlRape oil .............. 9 55 2..9 :
e oil ,,,,.. ....552'"
Olive oil, edible ......3 21 31 5 ,
Neatsfoot oil ..........: 16 20 11 i ;
Perilla oil ............8 2 -- ... .
Other / .............2. 0. 12 14,031 .6 .
Total *.............. 242.06 2-4 -'230 176*-**3
Total fats and oils l ,658,1 66 809, 704-3526B
Rosin 16/ *..... ........ 1i.li:410 i ..7 117.507
Total saponifiable : -:
materials .........:J,795.,166 1,793,999 1,9,27.,21 1,9*4g6;g6T.
Compiled as follows: Fats and oils, Bureea of the Census, Animal' A
Vegetable rats and Oils; rosin, Naval Stores Research Diviaion, .hrS&
Agricultural Chemistry and Engineering, United States Dopartiet. of: .. .:;
Agriculture, .:
1/ Includes whale oil, and herring, sardine, menhaden, anud ..'tr.:if
SIncludes 1,000 pounds of rendered pork fat. ..:.
1 Estimated, includes approximately 88 percent of the ise'ohS, t.w
oil in foots". ;" ::
SReported as "other. vegetable oils". ...
/ The rosin season extends from April of ona year tbr.toui Xwact-: ;of|
year. Data are placed in the calendar year in vtich moot of-the'.'=
g/ Preliminary., "*.- .' .'""
-* ; .*, .. =. -= ..9A








,oap fats, oils, and rosin ad percentage of totat'?1
saponifiable matetials.-used. 1ii.ian-&otfre, '" ",
...United States, 19 41
1932 1933 19314: l4q35 1936: 193 7 193T: 1939: 19140: 441
")"DI < '"f- : i j
:..t. .Fc Pt. Pt Pot. t Pat.. Pet.
Piti. Flt7 .. s

ih eri g -,i : "
Ainadtbie ..... 3.1, 32.0 37.7 o0.4. 3.2 34.2 39.1' 40.7 4o.4,1.4
n.: fish ie ..: .5.9 6.1i 5.6 g.4 9,3 10,5 8.1 s.6 5.5 3.1
..... .... .7 7.9 8.-1 6.o 5.7 5.3 5.14 6.3 13.2 12.4
l.,.......,.. 10.1 11.8 8.8 53 .5 79 5 53 m4 5.3
S......,;.... ..2 .2 .1 .1I .
,.. ~....r..........0 5,0 0.2 57.7 517. 5L.7 L 09 630-964"

.'&,.... 21. 3 20-.3 19.4 14.o 17.s 14.1 19.1 20.2 20.4 19.9
.1e oil ...... .2 .4 .9 2.3 1.5 6.2 1.6 .2 1/ .1
"t .- l.. ....,... : --- -... -.--. .5 -S *I: 2.0 2.1 -1.'2
-: .......,. : 21.5 20.7 2o..3 16.5 19.8 21a1 21. 2, 22. 22.5 21.2

V. a. "' o 0 ots
dtber foots ....: 9.2 9.1 8.0 11.6 10.6 10.2 11.6 8.1 6.7 6.8
Ai5T l ...... : 2.0 2.1 1.8 2.0 1.5 1.1 .9 1.1 .8 .4
il .... .3 .3 .1 .2 .3 .6 .6 .6 .9 1.0
3 .3 .3.
i ....... .2 .4 .2 .1 .1 .5 .2 .1 .2 .1
*.,, ie....., :. 9 1.1 .2 1.1 1.4 1.0 1.3 .7 .5 .5
l...........12.6 13.0 ll.3 15.0 13. 13.0 4.6 10.6 9.1 8.8
i: t!sid oils 92.1 91.7 91.9 91.5 91.4 2.. 93.5 93.9 95.1 94.8
",.." .. 7.9 8.3 8.1 8.5 s.6 7.6 6.5 6,1 M.9 5.2
ll^^^, 'B:p*i. iji l .. ,'
Atiwi,.:.. .. :100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
.2..d.' 4-t4-n table 3; data for earlier years are given in The Fats and.:
-H '~~A~~ue419 37.
S. "*, .*.. .. .. .
Mm:.. .















IIor .liar Dollartsoir.. "D B fo
Iastor beans, Brazilian:, -*. A:. .*., ..
'si; pment, C.&f., MNew York Long ton 61460 .1o0 'W5 l:, '5t
K,; tottoneaed, U.S. farm price Sot-t"onl a66 '-G ton; &
Flateed., No. 1: 1
',Minneapolis ............... En. 3 1.97 ".$- S a .
ltlazseed, U.S.. fpnrm price .: 3 1:57 J6e ;2.i:37
..IPeanuts (for nuts and oil) '. ..: : -. .,
T."s. f pri Se ,.......... 100 I : 3.-6611 3,65' ;.'" "..::,.
'.Peanuts for oil, delivered .. .. '- :..
designated agencies ,...... A-- --- 4,Q
Soybeans, No. 2 Yellow, B ...... Z. :.:t$o
Chicago ...........B....... 1. 1. :
Soybeans, U.S. farm price .96 .1 '.5 \ lJ""*3
a_ I :E ....
Compiled from Oil, Faint and Drug Reporter, Daily Trade Bu letI WT
Daily Market Record (Minneapolis), and reports of the Bure.u of sit|S
Economics. ::;;
"";.."i ..' : ". ** '*** "* ^ !,
"... ... ::::* w ...... 'irV -:iq?3
Table 6.- Price per ton of specified osileld maal,6:. :vf)A
..9 e ..... ...M
Sand 1911, ?Marh-May 194. 2. ::.::*'.

*ItemjI/ PRO -n-a^ *'* **t;;.^.
.. .a ; ....... e ,,".-


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5. ;'s... E f j ." : .
Copran-eal, Los Angeles s...... ... ... 20.00 3-5.70T 51-. I
Cottonseed meal, 41 percent protein, .: :.: 1 ;
Memphis ....................... 29,0o ,25.10 ;2:.5 li;:f 1v
Cottonseed meal, 4l1 percent protein, I : ":;
Chicago ... ................ ........'. 36.+0l'' 3..Q 6.o.-
Linseed meal, 34 percent protein, : ;i
Minneapolis ...........N.*.... .. 30.25 46l. *aeo .ITS
Linseed meal, 32percent protein, : :: -"
SNew York ........................ 31.60 5 44 ,3
-Peanut meal, 45 percent protein, : ::
f.o.b. southeastern mills .........: 29%44 23.2S 3$.5
Soybean meal, 41i percent protein, : .'.
Chicago 296- ... ao
Chicago ..:........... .............:s 2865 2p0 ::..
.* g ,, ; .' X di:i
Compiled from records of the Agricultural Maretng A.d ht
Bagged, carlots. 'HE
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