The Fats and oils situation

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Material Information

Title:
The Fats and oils situation
Physical Description:
301 v. : ill. ; 26-28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics and Statistics Service
United States -- World Food and Agricultural Outlook and Situation Board
Publisher:
The Bureau
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publication Date:
Frequency:
frequency varies

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Oil industries -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Oils and fats, Edible -- Economic aspects -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )

Notes

Statement of Responsibility:
United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
FOS-1 (Mar. 1937) - FOS-301 (Oct. 1980).
Issuing Body:
Issued by: Agricultural Marketing Service, 1954-Mar. 1961; Economic Research Service, May 1961-<Oct. 1977>; Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, <May 1978>-July 1980; Economics and Statistics Service, Oct. 1980.
General Note:
"Approved by the World Food and Agricultural Outlook and Situation Board," Oct. 1977-Oct. 1980.
General Note:
Title from caption.
General Note:
Item 21-D.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000502965
oclc - 01588232
notis - ACS2699
lccn - 46039840 //r82
issn - 0014-8865
sobekcm - AA00005305_00073
Classification:
lcc - HD9490.U5 A33
ddc - 380.1/41385/0973
System ID:
AA00005305:00080

Related Items

Succeeded by:
Fats and oils outlook & situation

Full Text


















::IN THIS ISSUE:- **** ..


: PRODUCTION, TRADE, STOCKS, ANDI*
:APPEARANCE OF FATS AND OILS, UNITE POSITORY
:1939.


- -. :. i.UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL Econouace
WASH INGTON

08-3 FEReAu



. THE FATS AND 0I) LS S I TU TI


D


nyV 15, 1940



O N


PRODUCTION OF AND NET TRADE IN ANIMAL FAT5
AND VEGETABLE OILS. UNITED STATES, 1912-30
POUNDS
I HILIOllti

gPRODUCTION FROM


NE TI EXPOlRC I I
.2I I I I I I I I 1 I I I
1912 1916 1920 1924 1928 1932 1915 1940
DA'd~1 Il ug mr estenme IY*


asIWII gamu a uuInsum


*E 11it., ......,~ c. amumarlss ra~n


POODUCTION OF FATS AND GaLS FR1d DOMYESTIC YATERIALS IN 1939 TOTALLD
MYaWLT 8.4 BILLION PDuNDS, TH(E LARGEST Ok RECORD. PRODUCTIO* OF ANIMAL
FATI AND 01L5 (INCLUDIhC MARINE AhVl)a MOU.TED TO 5LICarLY uDRE THAN
6 BILLION POunDS, AND AS E.MCtEEDD ONLY Esy TwaT ih 1933. PROouCTION OF
VEGETABLE DILS TOTALED OVER 2.3 BILLION POuN05, ALUOIT AS YucM AB T*E RE-
CORD PRODucTION Ih 1938. As A RESULT OF THE LanCE DOME.TIC PRODuCTIDM,
IMPORTI OF VEGETnBLE 01La AND 00..5EED5, u0STI. FOR TECHNICAL USES, DECREABED
FUnRTHE IN 1939 FROM THE PEIer OF 1937; EzPORTS OF AhmatL FTST, CHIR&LY LARD
INGREABED.




FOS-36


- 2 -


Table 1.- Price per pound of specified fats and oils, and oil-bearing materials,
Jlam:ar; 1?38 and 1939q, and :!ovember-January 1939-1c0
: Janar : 19%9-40
: 1938 : 1339 : Nov.: Dec.: Jan.1/
Fats and o ils: : Cents Cents Csats Cents Cent a
Butter, 92-score, Chicsgo ......................: 2.6 23.5 29-5 29*5 30.8
01eomargarine, dom. ve,-., Chicago .............. 1* 14-5 15.0 15.0 15.0
Lord, rime steam, Chicago .....................: 8.3 6.6 6.1 6.2 6.0
Lard, refi~edl, Chicago .........................: 10.1 7.7 7.2 7.1 6.8
Compounds(animal a~nd veg.ccooking3 fats), Chiicao.: 10.2 3.2 9-5 9-5 9-5

Corn oil, crude, thanks, f.o.b. mills ...........: 6.s 6.3 5*8 5.9 6.0
Corn oil, refined., bble., Nj. Y. ................: g.j g.j 8.6 8.6 8.6
Cottonseed oil, crude, tank~Is, fO~b. S.E. mil~ls.: 6.? 6;.0 5.6 5-? 5*9
Cottonseed oil, p~s~y., N. Y. *......... 7.4 7.1 6.5 6.9 6.9
0190 oil, extre, Chicago .......................: 9*5 8.o 8.5 7 4 7*2
01eostcerine, bbls., U. Y. .....................: 7.6 6.8 7.9 0 .
Peanut oil, c-ud~e, thanks, f.r,.b. mills .........: 6.i 6.2 0.7 b 6 86.7
Preanu~t Oil, dclim. fined, hbb3.S,I E Y. .........: 10.0 9.9 10.6 10.1 9.6
Soybeeni oil, cruce, teakl ccrs, mid-western mills: 5-8 5.0 4.8 5-1 5-3
saybr~een oil, reflr.ea, :J. Yi. ....................: 8.6 7.7 8.o 8.o 8.2

Babassu oil, N. rr *............... 6.9 6. 6.7 6.6 6.5
Co I:nu t o i 'zl~cue ,t-nks,f.oJ .~ PaIc'ific Coast 2/.: 6.iS 5-7 6.5 6.4 -
Occor.ut oil, edible, Nr. Y. 2/ ..................: 9.5 7.2 8.1 7 .9 7.8
Olive oil1, odibl;, tbls., ii. Y. ................: 3. 512. 27.7 26.9
Paln-kerr~ol oil, dienatulred, btls., i:. Y. 2/ ....: 7.2 6.4 -- --
Palm oil, crude, caskI ;i. Y. 2/ *T 7.27 6.7 8.0 8.0 8.4
Rape? oil, refine~d, ht!;., i;. Y., 3/ .............: 16. l.3 18. 0 18.2 18.2
Sesarne oil, refi-:.0, d:-um-s, UI. Y. ..............: 1.0.4 10.5 --- 12.0 11.8
Tiasced oil, crudc, ;r. Y., ..~.................... 8.C 6.9 1:.1 12.5 12.5

Tallo;B, inedib1 2, Shicago ......................: .35.1 5-5E 5-) 5.1
C-eaeE~ A white, Chicago .......................: j.8 I.2 5.4 54 5.1
L1~;?7lenhoe oil, crade~, trirks, f.o.b. Saltimrore ...: 5.0 .* 4.5 4.3 4.8
Scrdino nil, rrul t, tasks~, encificC C os .......: 5.5 3.9 4.2 4.2 5.0
Whale oil,r~ef;,ir.e ,b~.~ lcochel ,nt-r,'bis?,,II. Y. 4/: 9.9 8.2 12.5 12*5 12-5
Olive-oil foots, wrino, drum~, iI. ?. ...........: 9.) 7.2 93. 8.7 8.ir

Lincsed oil, raw, tar~k carlots, LMinneapoalis ....* 10.0 5.3 9.4 9.9 10.4
Linseed oil, raw, ca~rlots, bb~lS., II. Y. ........: 10.2 569.9 10.3 10.8
Perll oi, rus, I.Y. / .............:15-8 14.31 1F7 19-7 22-7
Oiti2cnc oil, N. Y., ............................; 12.3 11.0 20J.6 20.4 20*5
Tung~ oil, drumrr, Fr. Y. .........................: 15.6 15.4 26.2265 27.6
Cracstr oil, dlchyd-rate ,druns,~TScarlote, ri. !. ....: ----- 15.6 1. 17.0
Castor oil, No. j, 51 ., N. Y. ................: 9.2 'j.2 11.1 12.0 12.8
Cod oil, iU.-wfrundla-nd, bbls., iJ. Y. ............: 6.0 9.6 9.6 9.6

CopFra, boy7~, f.o.b Pacific Coast ..............,: 2.4 1.721 2.0 2.0
Cotfona:ed, Dall1s (601~. prr ;.on) ..............: 20.7 22.0 26.5 27.6 70.2
Flv.xs-ed, Hoc. 1, Zlint.eapocl~ia (pa;r t..) ,.........: 216.4 199g.ll 10.o 207.1 218.g
Soybean~TS, 1TC. 2 Ye-llowr Ch-icrozr Ilner u.) .....: liO_~_1000 8. 9.0115.0 116.0
Genrs-led i on Oil, Pa~i-t -and~ D11~rug eprter,, The I~atio~nal Provisiorner, Chicago Daily
Traxe bulletin, M~inneanlolic Lail:, Manrket Reccrd, and~ reports of the Agricultural
IMarketing~ Service -rnd EureauL1 of Labor Sta~i~stics3. If Pr~l~imina~ry. 2/ Includes
excirse tax of 3 cents beginning May; 10, l1934. 1/ IncludesP excise tax of 4.5 cent
begi~iniin~g Au?ust 21, 1 *)6. 4/ In~cludes exc~ise tax of 3 cents beginning July 1,
1934.







FOS-36


- 3-


THqE F TS ANDj L IL S S IT UAXT I 0 1


Summrary

United Stats reductionn of~ fats and roils ;roC::I domestic and imn-

ported matYerials 1n 1939 wias thle larTest onl record. Lisapjpear-aneE RISO

exceeded all prev~io.us fi,-ures, and th~e siopply nocw o.n hand is slightlyi

smaller than1 the record stlC;s at this tLme a year aCe

F'rcLactio~n t~otale aboriut 9.1 billiron pounds in 1939. Thlis con-

pares with 3.7i billion : :po..ane~s in 193.-1,. Iearly~ 83.4 billion pounds o-f thie

1939 total wnere produced"~ fr~o,..dbo.lestic mate;-rils, as conp~a;ed with 8.0i

billionrr ?rounds in 1930. Increase.' cred :ctionr of lard, taillow, soybean

oil, linseed nil, --reapes, fishi iils, and1~ cor.n oil mor~e than o~ffset re-

ductio~ns in c~t~t~rul-seed oil,, \.hale cil, but~te~r, l120 roil, 01en,-te.rine ,



Tortal iUnpor;s nf fats I-nd oils, an~d of cil-bjea:.in; materials: in

terms of crrdee nil, ar~ritante ton about 1.F billirn poundiS in 1':39, 3 per-

cent less tnian in 193.. Expo~rrts totzl-,le abrouit U'~.1...illion po~unds, i1

percent notel thlan Ln 193c. The net b-lance o1 L tport s thius wa~s reduced

to about 1.? tillio:n Fpou~nds. Trhe net bT;lence tot-lem, aboit 1.r bilion

pourd~s i7 1978 and~ 2.:1 blllion pniundj ila 1937:, when L....lrt s nf fat: and

oils wlero thE lar?,St nn recrd~.

Alth~ou.gh ove~r 17 biillion poun.!T:'s of fa3tS and. oils ;_nd~ ril-eau~ivalent

of raw .natoriale b!Fre i ;orte. On! b~flar-Ce in 1937~, impo'crts nf food fats

and oils (iie, edib~ll frr~ts andI Cils exjC~ludin- ilreart3 lor~l non!-fAod uses)

in the final quiar~er of '.oo 2-ar-.*.:em" ;hout 27 mTillionr. pounds les-- than

exports and shi~pmen~ts to~ non~conti_.lcas ter-ite.*ie~. From 1935 thr~oun-.h

19?C, and during niost nf 1'37,' impor~~te of rsuch fats and: oils h~-ad exce~ede






FO~S-36 4

ex:po~rt, liorr-1,v because "f tl-" adver:- effects oIf dr7ugh7t "n domeFstic

product ion. .-pr thep entire year 19;c, not 1 parr.ts nf such fats anr' oils

totaled abou 100~ million rmindj. it~h lard rreductio,.r..T restored to

about it.? pr -drou ht. level, and r.ithi a.:r-.red. increase in t~ e donlestic

production~ f soyboeans Cor!:-n- thei pasct sta years, it Ir .rnbable- that the

UnTitred States will Ilavei a surplus.1. ,f food- fats andi oils for expert in the

next. few years. TYfr rt~ r-m.ireme~nta -'nr soayp, yaint, an' ~the'" technical

fate anid ails, hmowetver, are L1-91 t' Continue larg,e.

Tat-1 c'isaC..l:lrra nce:- of fatE .Lli1 ..iC in the U~n~ted States anunted

to aIt:^El~ 9.8 billion ?;runasr ir 1'3 nearl':. te~ -0 illlion :?ounds~- IncrP than

in 1(3 and the lar_:esrt total rrn record. Diss':.rpeAarace totaled 75

pounds per capitaz corrpare s :t 11oe "i1 n -:: :d o

capita in 1clC", the~ first :?-r; frr ;.-l rh me _a are av.aliablec. St~ocks

?f fats, 7il3 and oilh?-h.i- Io.:-L. 1 -.'l, In: t.r ,s f c?-ade ril, tortalcd



earlier.

rr:.ces Of mos)Et/ fa i;- 3. .ll 1: Januar-l- i rL1 little Li ne~ed from a
month earlier. Bcut price: _:: it 4,cto: d--L) l. i,.dc


oil. were somewhat Lower t: an- a ;Fi .ac arlc-r. r:icesf rf :i.attr, the -dry-



sieral17T higher than in. ant.r:.:: 1"). 1ri 0m f:1mie13ce

food. andc soap~ oils, and. s-(o~~;:Se 71:i ills v: rF i~~ilghlr.



Prices Cof faits an: r-ils or -,:--.ert iv:.1- t caL in~ Januar'1

As "I.r.:L ared WiT~lh a ]!In-.1 -1 r- l it tl. chance 7c curred; in prices
nf most, fats andc oils in v.'ana21. a n -!, 1:..e :"-rstic fats and '?ils,
prices nf bu;ttePrJ soybt-an *ll., r: 1 ;..... -11 E.ad'c non~c rate a~dvnces;
prices 0"' lard, 0100, 3il, -_--- 1.~.- :1 sn :1~Ibl tall wJ, and creases, on
the other ha-nd~, dclined 511-i11;,. : n -1adI:hde i heer
were up sharply in J~anuar. r o-- 2.;..l~rte. rlls, prices of perilla




Fos-36


- 5


coil, palm oil., castor oil, and tur-g cil showed s3lgt to moderate in~-
creaser, while prices for other item lwere unlrchanged to slightly lower.

As comp.a-ed wiith a year earlier, prices of th:e idryring oils in Jan-
uary w~ere consi~derabl:. higher. Lin~seed oil wsas up about 2- percentt, pe-
rilila oil 60 pe-rcent, tulnq oil 80 percent, an~d oiticicac oil ?c percent.
T'he pr-ice of castor oi~l also .Ias srharply ;l;~_her than~ a year narlie-.
Stren -th in prices of th~e dry~in oils ajpa:-ent~ly~ was dueo largely, to the
restrictions in shipments of tum-oil C om C~hina, reduced suppj;li:s of pe--
rilla seed and oil in Japan, an~d increased dleluan for pai~t~s, varnishes,
and enanecls in thP Ujn~ited Statese resaultine_ fi-ro the r~ect:nt -lkns ira inl-
dustrial anr' build~in, activities.

litheh recducer' domestic sup lies and in..p;roved dilman~d resulti~n from?
increased cojnSiumer income, butter prices were about 20 nre:-c-nt higher in
January this year the.n last. Prices of earfine oil, mslnhaden Oil and
soybean oil atlso '.Iere higher. On th~e other ha~d, pr~iicis of lard and 01leo
oil w~ere about 10 prslcen~t lower, and prices of corn oil andr cott~onseed
oil were slightlly lower thern a year ear-licr.

Fish-liver oils i.'cre ,uch hi.--he~ priced in Janluar this y'ear than
last, appalently because of th. prohiti'riti of ShipsllFnts of suchl oils
from the Uncited' ;lninge.o., and drifficu;lties in. seculrin; sup~lies fr~oll hJr-
wYay. Prices of most. UJnprted: food; raid sos, o~ils alsc were j7higher partlry
as a result oft inc'reasr'.' colt' of roceanT shIFipmen~s.

Prices of domerstic :iilseeds co-inue to ad--an;'ce

~Continuin-: th-e advancesr begani~ last. 5ep~tz!:i;r;, :prlcs of cottconsceed,
soy'be ns, fla::seed, and Ipeanuts advanced -'urthe_ in JrLnuiary. The average
price,'cottonsecd ait Dallas in Ja:*uai~. ri ws .;;.20 per tonl, fa.20 hiigher
than a yetar eariier. rjn. 2 'Ie-llow~v s173'beans~L at; Chiii3car79e,~ at .31.6 per bush-
el, were 32 cents (or 3'- perc-ent.) lhi-1 in Janula:-. thlis ;eal than lalst~.
INo. 1 flax:sccof at :bmear--olis. ave!rn..tiln? 22.18 peir ushl,~1 waiS 19 cents

3.56 ce7t~s p'er pou~nd, was 5 percent h-i be-: than in? !mid-Janucs:-.7 i1739

FaEct.Crs temlr:'lnr to b-rin-" about inc;`easfe' rm:-'ices Or oileard~ls in re-
cent nocnths hr-.ve inclus-~;d the sharp rise in ::rie_.3 Iof Mic-!h-pro~tein cake:
and m~eal an;d ._otto7 lin~ters~ 3nd stron~' th in prices o"' lin:Secr cil. 5-
bean oil p;-ices were siightl+Y higher in J7nurylc~. r is year~~ th n l.:as:.: bult
cotter.s~E ctoil prices werre loJ.er. IJill stoclksc of c~ot:.-nlsecd onr ii:..7lmmbe.r
31, howevYer, t;talin, 1,1;2,3000 tons, wreret 15 perman;~t less :Iharn a year
earlier.

.ith prices that compare favorabl v~lith ti-ose~ fir comp1:'tSing crops=,
it seems l~:i.'e t~h.t th-e acreage d:.etld tc. soybeans, f~laxseed, and pec-
nuts wvill be expan~ded in 19:C]0 '.Ic;eased produlctior n of sabon,'~u alli and
peanut o-il duriLn= th~ 1940J-41 r:1arl:.tin~g season: probabl: y wou~l: ha~ve a de~-
pressina effect on[ prices of r.103st iCorrcstic fooI! fats anid o~ilsr, since- thes
UnitG4 StateG alread:- has a surslus of larc and so~.-.rbean oil cha e
disposed of onl;.: at rel.ati-cly l-s. pr.ices.

A further increase in do!;esrtic p.roduct;lon! of flaxuseed; probab:ly
world also tend tor depress prices, ulnldss flaxYSeed produ3C~'~tio. n ini A1,entina
again is anall in 1940O.





FOS-36


S6 -


PRODUCTION, TRADE, STOC2:, A'ND DICA?PRF2~.LRNCE Or;F PTS
ANlD 011-8, UNIJTED~ STATES, 1939

Production of fats and oils in 1 2 l1argest on r~ecord

The production of fats an~d oils in the United~ StaBtes in 1939 from
domestic and Laported materials totaled about 9.1 billion pounds, 5 percent
more than in 1938 and the largest .total for all y.ear-s on recojrd. Nearly 8.4
billion pounds of this total was produced from domestic naterials, a gain
of about 400 million pjounds over the previous reco;-d pro-!uction in 1.938.

Production of animal fats and oils including3 marine animal) was
about 8 percent larger in 1939 than -in 1938, and was almost as large as the
record production of such fats and oiled in 1933. Production of vegetable
oils from domestic materials was slightly smaller than3 in 19 i8 but was larger
than~ for any other ylear on record. Production of vegetcable oils from
imported materials, on the other hand, although larger than in 19j8, wRas
be~low thlat of several Jourlier years.

Table 2.-Total production of fats and crude oils from domestic and
imported -..aterals, United States, 1325-39

: Fr-om dlomei` c not erial7ls: :Prar imoorted: Total,
Year : : .: ntorials: : all1 fatal
Anrima L egetC'Lable Total
: : : ~ :Veetbl 1/ and oils
:Million 1Yillion Million Million M~illion
:pounds consyourds pounds pounds

1925 : 7, i 2,:so ,,'ks 11 8,021
1926 : 5,5i ,237 3 8 8,433
1927 :5,500 L 12,24 i',3ik 795 8,4'
13228 : ",705 2,042 7,7':7 6 8,440
1929 : i5,822,7 7,9491S 350J 8, j29
1530 : 5,597Ir 2,730 7,02 594 ,2
1931 : 5,7j2 1397,791 ?.57 8,277
1932 5J,a821,2 7,750 457 g 206
1933 : 6,101 1,764 7,8b5 630 8,495
193 :5, a41 1,5134 7,375 J17 7,992
1635 : 4,001 1,612 6,21j 748 6,961
1?36 5,304 157,1 297,sso
1937 : C~ 7,3 2,14S 7,130 qi1 8,061
1438 : 2/561 ,377 2/ 7,991 ;67 2/ 8,6\5.
193? i/ :4/ 6,0'7 2,339 k/ ,378 723 4/ 9,107

Computed from reports of the Bu~reau of t~he Cen~aus on factory production for
all items except butter and lurd and of the Agricu'ltural IEarket~in Service
for those two iterm. Comnparablea data f'or earlier ;'ea-o beginning 1912 are
given! in "The Fa~ts and Oils Sitl.ctionr", da;ted July 14, 19139.

1/ Toulgh estimaotoo based on, reported factory production, plus crude-oil
equiva.-lent of imp~orted mateurials for itemns not included. in reports of
factory production. For linseed oil, thle oil equivallent of imported flar-
seed has been used; thi4 sum ha~s beenl reactedd from the reported total
farctoryr production of Zlned oil- t, obtain the; estimated production from
domestic materials included in column tw~o.
El/ Revj~ised. 3/ Prolininary. k/ PNrtly estimated.






FOIS-36


- ?


Production of lard, ,Trea~ses, inedible tallow;, and fish oils scored
rmarkled gains in 193$ Over 193E. BultteCr ?roduction was slightly smaller than a
y.ear earlier, anr~ the prodtuct~ionr of 01er. oil, 01.erstearine, anid whale oil also
was smaller.

Factory prcductlil n o crude cottonseed. oil n 13: totaled 1,390 mil-
lion pounds, 2:,8 million psun~ds less than -in 193i: and~ slightlle less thant~ aver-
age. F~eanut-r~li production was down~ about 6j million poundse in 1939. IDearly
offselttin ; thezse rec'uctions wesre iins in: pro~duct; ion f soyibean,~ linseed, corn,
and olive roils aggregcating 260 million rpounds. The roost, pronolunced increases
olccu~rred in t;he prdccuctionl rf soybean~ "il, up 1;26 r.1illion poulnds, andc linseed
oil, up 12J nillion pounds. Soy-bean-oil productions :T 1j39 to~taled 4.50 m~il-
lion I;oundis, a new r~ecor3 hiigh for the~t oil1.

Factory p~r~1(rouct'Io Cf vpEt.etbl.: oils fxi'cl impiort.3d materials also
showed gains in 193C rover 1932. P-iroduction o~f baba~ssu oil wras, up about lc2 nd1l-
lion poun;'s, wh~ii e easteor-ol pjr-dul~ction showed~ a 7air. '"I 3 million pounds.
Cocornut-oil p;rodiuctina- l ?n th-E other-1 hand~, rra dowvn- abouti i, million pounds,
and the p1rouction rf p:aLm--i:ernal r-il also shr~ln:-ted L declease-.

N~et balance of Unp-:rts ;'educed in 1C?9

Impo-trt f frltJ -ns" oils, a,-l of r:".1-bearin- rr~!v: raterials in terms of
crude oil, amourLnte-1 to. 1,763~ mrill-n po~~unds in 1'.3'., 3 pr.icint less t~han in
193r, and. 3" :,erce~r: les.s t~han- LIn 11037 1lil,l whnuch infr~lt~ s vee th~e largest on
record. ,-rtin1 .tole lmllrpons 1pcetoethnn
1933E~andI r::cre- theln cable:~~; t.hJ exportn~s ro 193':, '. 1ith rEd~uced imporh]~ts anld in-
creasedr ex~ort~s, txic noFt, Lalanc- rof L.incets --..r-untied tol less than 1.3 billion
pe~nd~s in 193"' rcomparedl with~ 1.5 t-il~lion p~r.lrnds in- 193E. and 2.5i billion pnounds


Th- mos~t plrnri ur!.cer' c-ac:~res 5n it.ll-r;ts in 1'7j.0 nc-urre- in cocor-ut,
oil nd o r, cotenwed011 tun oi, ad ponutoil Pal,. ilffsEttiLng
these re acltlions wereJ Inrriease in inr,:,orcs of ba--aissu nurts, cstor be-ans, pe-
rilla o7il, an i.otcc i.E.if)ze1

Th p:-in-ipal ainle In exports ~in 193~ trci': p~Llace in lar~d Lnd so;bean s.
Exports of r~fine-d cn-conut -,il, ConttonseedC ,il: ?;nd( soybe7~an Cil al~s? showed
Doc:-eases.

United St~aties reainTs relf-sulf'li cine Ln feeitd fats

In~ th-~- J-nulalrt iSLue CI t!is r~elorit~ ,It vs state th~at th~e Unrited
States rsltur:;ed to~ its ~:~-e-rlru~-h: wrcitiorn :.s a n-?t ex'ertcr nf food1 fats andl
ois uin 13.. T- c;.,nge tor a net e-.po~r':t- IrSitioln cCu1'red d~ur;ing- the
last few months of th .;-~iC-'E: for thle ;,-ear a..a v Y.:0~1?, j-li:rts ofl foodi fat~s and
oils :,incl!ludin theI crud~;e-nil eqgivar~lentt of 1a'. mat:-erilc) exceeded expo~~;rts by;
a consid~erabbae nar';DT Is::.roxi;z:at.1. 100G nl'l n p~l~nds.:).

In calr~cttlan? the/ balanicl -betise~~n c:-,or~ts an i roo.ts of food fat-;,
only .those- _ac~tions of ir'lperrts. of Ed~ibeI fata L1.d. rils ,Ic~rmally ulsed for food
purposes in tlhis co~untry~ were i.ncludel_. Cel:rtin tlcib~le oils~ such as coconIut,
palm., and! palm-!.e~lrnel, are- Drtortted Largly~F1 for~ non-f~ood uslls, chiefly in the















































_ _


of the United


15, 949
97,'14
1,655




Commalry of


Fos-36


- 8 -


nan~ufacture of soup. Inl detero~rining fr-a: trade figures the extent to which the
United Sta~tos is self-sufficiert with regard to fatal and oils for use as food,
it is nrecessary-, to unke~ a breati-down of the firureas for the edible fats and
oils, showinC: the quanrtitices rced for foiod purposes separately.

Table 3.-Inp~orts ?and spxyorts of odible fats, oils and oil-oquivalent of
recw oaterials, 11r-d b.110.nrce if ~trade; for food fats and oils,
crude basis, Unlitced States, fourth quarter 193j 1/


(H3et exports arer indliccted by a mnus sign)
,a ~bedible fate an oils _: Approxima.te::Estimated not
I : :Not imports: percentage :imports or net
:Imports :Exports : or net : used for exportss affood
: : : exports :_ food 2/__:fats and oils


Item


: 1,000 3


1,C00
pounds


1,000
pounds

6~1,700
546
-7, t'54

73,766
217
IC,043 ~
3o
-3,962 ~


1,000


24,6g0
491
-6,ss9
14,093
29,506
206
607
25
-3,170
484
60.033

JL/ -2,149
-44
/- 74 ,056

-2,483

-107
-73
-80 2)]


Percent

70
-o

90

15
70
50
90


VSetlble oiled
Cocont ...........:
corn. ......,........:
Cotconseed ....,....g
Olive, edible .;....t
Palm ....,..........s
Peant ............t
Rape .,............t
Sesame ..........:
Soybean ...........:
Teaseed .......,....:
Total .........:
Animal fats and~ :ilsl
Butter ........,....:
Fish oils .....,....:
Lad .............:
01eo oil ..........:
01Bo stock. ........:
Stearine, animal,:
edible ....,.....:
Tallow, edible .....:
Total .........:
Raw material, oil:
equivalent
Ba~baJsl.x nuts ......:
Copra .....,,...,..:
Palm kernelas ......:
SesameTI seed .......:
Soybcans ......,....:

Granid -total ..:
Compile~d from MontFhly


73,206


17,50


,4
!9
69

-


655~ 10
815 j5qC



36 -

2,267 ,2c


L242 1/2,331
3?96 40 i
1 /7,017
-- ,321


3/ -2,149
-441
2/-74,05

-2,43)


1L00
10
100
100
100

1300


-..- 137-1 7

.gr J __


--15,';;9
-- 9,369 r
--- 1, c55
--- 1,703
72,150 -72,150
45,021
10 7, 71
Foreign Commerce


9,569
39,146
579
1,192
-57.720

-27,64j
States,


Bureau of Foriein an Domest~ic Commre,


1/ Preliminary.
2/ Estimatetd from factory conumloption of fazts acnd oils by- classes of products,
as reported by the Bureau~ of the Cenlrus for the years l1931-38, with allowance
for unreported 3isaproearace.
ZI In~clu.des~ shipments to non-~ortiGuous territories of the United States,







-9-


Figures given in table 3 indicate that for the final quarter of 1939
exports and shipments to non-contiguous territories of food fats and oils
includingg the oil equivalent of raw materials) exceeded imports by about
27 million pound~s. From 1935 through 1938, and duringB most of 1939, imports
of sudh fats and oils exceeded exports by considerable margins. Throughout
that period, the production of feed fats from domestic materials had been
below average, largely because of the adverse effects of the droughts of
1934 and 1936. Prior to 1935, the Uhited States usually had had a large
surplus of food fats and oils for export.

With lard production now restored to about its pre-drought level,
and with the nark-ed increase in the domestic production of soybeans that
has oceurrod curing the past 6 years, it is probable that the United States
will continue~ to have at surplus of food fats and oils available for export
in the next few years. Import requirements for soap, paint, and other
technical fats and oils, however, are likely to continue large.

Stocks Decemrber nlipghtly below the record
stocks of ya yg earlier

Stocks of fats, oils, and oil-boarring materials, in torns of crude
oil, totaled slightly loss on December 31, 1939 thma the record stocks on
hand a year earlier. Total stocks of animal fats and oils and of oil-
bearing natorials were somewhat larger than a year earlier, bult stocks of
vegetable oils were snzaller.

Lard anld tallow accounted for nost of the increase in stocks of
animal fats and oils during 1939. On the other hand, cold storage holdings
of butter showed a marked decrease during 1939. Stocks of whale oil also
showed a decrease.

Practicallyl all of the increase in stocks of oil-bearing materials
occurred in flaxsced and soybeans. Stocks of cottonseed, copra, castor
beans, and babassu nuts on December 31 were smaller thanl a year earlier.

Reductions in stocks of tung oil, paln oil, and coconut ail accounted
for nost of the decrease in stocks for the vegetab~le-oil group during 1939.
Moderate'rei:uctions in stocks of cottonseed oil, peanut oil, saybean Gil,
palml-kernel oil, and canstor oil were acconpa~nied by increases in stocks of
corn oil, olive oil, tbnbssu oil, rqpe oil, linseed oil, and perilla oil.

Consumption in 1939 nearlyr 600 million po~unis
larger than in 1918

The total apparent disappearance, or consumption, of fats and oils
in the Uh~ited States enounted to about 9,838 million pounds in 1939, nearly
600 million pounds nore than in 1938, ,und the largest totnl on record.
Disappearanrce totaled 75 pounds per capita in 1939 compared with 71.1 pounds
in 1938 ,7nd 54.4 pounds per capital in 19j12, the first year for w~hich such
data. are aLvailjble.







-10-


A-nongb the fats and oils used. prinn..rily for food, inlcro~sss ranging
fron 131 to 188 million prounds occurrred in the consurtption of lard, soybean
oil, and but ter. A decreazse of about 24) million pounds occurred? in the con-
rumption of cottonseed oil.

Constantioin of nost of the soap fats anrd oils also increased, with
inodible tcell?:w, pjls oil, ,Sreane~s, and fish~ oils showing gains ranging fron
40 to a~re t an,7 100J :.illio~n pounds. A decrease in consumption of !7 million
pounds for pn.l1u-kernocl sil was offset by a correspoandingr increase for
babazssu oil; coconult-3il consumption in 1939j was about 5 million pounds larger


Gzins in concur. pTtion were r carded~ fir all the principal drying oils,
writh linseF..~-il conrsum-t~io~n up c.bo~ut 72 million porunds, tung and oiticicat
oils ech.l uic about 14 n~illion poun?.s, annd p.rilla oil up about 10 million
pounds. The~ cor.sunption of cnstor oil and fish-liver oils also showed in-
crozsss in 1939.

The factors chieflp responrsible for the pronoun~ced gains in con-
suantion inc!~lie thre large democtic projd~iction and relatively low prices
for mo~st .fart; and oils, -and thle !ihighe loval of consuner income in 1939 ~than
in 1qj8. T1; distribution of butter to persons -n relief apparently also
was a Pacto~r tending to bring bocut increased consumptionr of thzat commodiity
in 939 Sco~rts, of state agen~cies compiled by the Federal Surplus
ConnelJities CI-Korporato indicate the,.t r..pproximattely, 114 million pounds of
butter nds so distributed in 193f3. Thlis nwa a'clout three tin~es as nudh as
the quantity distributed in 193x.







Table 4.- Production of specified fats and crude oils in the United States
fr~om domestio and imp~orted-ma~terials, 1937-89


_ __


Total, exclutding fnrn
butter and "other" lard ...: 3,819,413 4,435,425 4,833,423
Vegetable oils-:
Babassu oil ....................: 32,816 29,503 71,381
Castor oil .....................: 63,973 52,273 75,606
Coconut oil ....................: 266,636 286,850 273,271
Corn oil .......................: 127,466 136,729 150,555
Cottonseed oil .................: 1,62'6,215 1,677,673 1,390,086
Linseed oil ....................: 635,099 440,614 5641,508
Olive oil, edible ..............: 2,324 4,742 6,925
Palm-kernel oil 7/ .............: 39,731 10,953 4,553
Peanut oil .....................: 5r, 756 78,152 72,581
Perilla roil 7 .................:: 74 1 2,4036
Sesame oil 7/ ...........;...... : 4~,979 3,067 5,509
Soybean oil ....................: 194,411 323,343 449,807
Tung oil 8/ .................. ..: --- --- 1,085
Other. 9/; .....................: 10~ ---
Total, vegets.11ce ...........: 3,07 ,480 3,043903 3 ,068, 2 73
Total, all fats
and oils ..................: 3,06C, 368 8,657,709
Total, excluding farm
butter a~nd otherc" lard ...: 6,828~,893 7,4 79,328 7,901,696
Compiled from reports of the Bureau of the Census, except butter and lard,
Agricultural Nrarketing Service.
1// Prelindnary. 2/ Revisedi. 3,/ N~ot available. 4~/ Includes "recovered"
grease. 5/ To be revJised. 6/ Bureau 3f Fisheries. 7/ Oil equivalent of im-
ported raw material. 8/ Nst reported prior to 1959. 9~/ O~live oil, inedible.
10/ Less than 500 pounds.


- 11 -


FO3S-38


1939 1/


Item


1957

:1,COO pounds


19j38


1,000r pounds


1,000 pounds


Animal fats and oils-
Butter: Factoryr ...............:
Farm ..................:
Total butter ...............:
Greases 4/ .....................:
Grease, wool ...................:
Lard: Federally insp~ected .....:
Other ...................:
Total lard .................:
Neatsfoot oil ..................:
01eo oil .......................:
01eo stock (exports) ...........:
Stearine, animal, edible .......:
Tallow, edible .................:
Tallow, inedible .5/ ............:


1 ,6 23, 971 2,/ 1 ,7865, 172 1, 75 7,395
508,i340 2/500,055 3/
2,132,311 2,286,227
303,073 322,134 375,124
7,511 5,324 7,192
787,493~ 1,076,152 1, 316 ,95 8
653,635 678,326 3/
1,441,128 1,754,478
5,15E 4,120 5,041
74,997 88,346 75,860
',656 2,874 4,894
-43,536 43,137 37,674
78,144 93,481 93,879
62i,911 762,230 924,679


Fish-liver oil .................: 212
Fish oil ........................: 192,533
Marine mammual oil .........'.....: 6/' 60,197
Total, animal ..............: :,"81,386


2,089
/ 58,057

5,613,806~


2,624
208,265
25,938




























































1,047,718


Corrbinued -


Table 5.- Im~ports of specified fces, oils, Eand oil-boaring materials
(in teres of" crude oil), United Stzte's, 1937-39


i Item ..


~


__ _


I


~


-r 32


FOS-36


1939 1.

1,000 pounds

1,107
4,178
1


1937


1938


: 1,' [ounds
animal fr.ts and olls-:
Butter .................. ....,...: 11,111
Greae, wol ...............:4,694
Lard .........................: 247
0100 oil ...,....................: 2
Stearine, an~imal, edible ..,.....: 3,745
Tallcw, edible .................: 10,652
Tallow, inedible r......;........: 0,851


1,000 pounds

1,624
1,786


400
75
1,229;


F~ish-livesr cil .................: 66,641
FishI oil .......................: 1,243
I~iainemamml ol ..........,: 51,884
Total, animal .............'.: 157,050


66,242
960
20,289
94,273


62,100
528
22,072
89,810


Yegef;ble roils-
Can:.--.: nut-shell oil ...........:
Coconu oil. ......~..............:
Corn oil ..... .....'.. :
Cottonseed oil 3j/..............:
Linseed oili .................,.. :
Olive .oil, edible .........,.....:
Olive oil, foorts .......,......:
Oliv~e oil, ined~ible ............:
Oiticioa oil ...............:
Palmn-kernol oil ....;...........:
Palm oil .............,..,......:
Peanrut oil 47 ..................:
Perilla oil ..e..............:
Pano oil .,.....................:
Sesaeun oil ..................,:
Soylbcil oil 4/' ...............:
Sunflowerr oil ..................:
Teaseed oil ....,...,......... ...:
T1ung oil ....;...................:
Vegetable tallowr r..........,..:
Other 5/ .....................:
Totaol, vegetable ...........:
Trltal, sll fr.ts
and oils ..................:


1,742 7
337,376
32,920
207,0-19

40,343
2?,11.1


120,256
411,112
5:,253
45,2591


27,259

27,492
17:,85
8,098
1,150



1,742,0=1


1,586
36.3,540 ~
2?,242
85,331
123
71,086
22,350
5,444
.5,2)1
2,E69
27i1,25 F
15,553
51,821
5,P60
7,C40
2,C5t
77
11,855
107,4!58
274.
3

1,032,197

1,122, 013


1,947
336,796
13,626
31,617
49
62,866
28,180
11,3041
18,867
2,236
286,416
3,779
51,284
9,321
3,F203
4,126
194
5,384
78,718
2,656
651

953,445







Table 5.- Imports of specified fats, oils, and oil-bearing materials
('in terms of crude oil), United States, 1937-39 -Conrtinued

Item 1937 1938199/

: 1,000 ~ounlds 1,00:0 pounds 1,000 pounds
Raw materidle (oil-oquivalent)j-:
Babassu n~u~ts ..................: 34,519 32,021 71,717
Castor beans ...................: 61,660 47,910 68,297
Copra I~l......................... 338,782 323,201 270,934
Flaxsood ........,...............: 518,027 283,919 296,200
Palm kernels ...................: 39,731 10,953 4,553
Perilla sood ...................: 74 1 2,406
Sesame seod .....,...............: 4,979 3,067 5,509
Total, raw materials .......: 997,772 701,072 719,616

Compiled from Foreign Commoroc and N'avigation of the Unitod States and Monthly
S~ummary of Foreign Commarco of the United States.


FOS-36


S13 -


Proliminar 1y.
Less than 500 pounds.
Crude plus refined converted to crude, dividing by 0.93.
Excludos free for orport.
Includes babassu oil, castor oil, hampsood oil, and kapok oil.













































,9'4,j48


Total, all fats andi oils .....: 209,alk


276,973


Raw materials (cil-oquivalent) -
SCylbcans ...........................:


107,674


22,215


88,003


C... :Ild fr~rom 7or:1gaI Conna~rce and IInvigatiin of the United State~s and Monthly
;'un-ar: of Forzein Commel~rce of tne United States.

If -reliminnar.
I :-rude plus refined converted to crude, dividing by 0.94 in the case of
cl.jnuit oil ani 0.pJ in thea case of cottonsced oil.
Z/ Not reported separetel;- prior to 1939.


_~


_I_


......: 534 572 1,348
......: 9,023 7,228 26,038
... .. ..:'0113 180
.......: 7, 1 ,872 13,645
.........: 9c7 890 2.566
.... .... ------325
......: 5,763 6,412 12,_111
.........: 2; ,427 20,0.87 5 121)


/L1 C_


L


- 14 **


r~os-36


Table 6.-Exports of skecified fats, oils, and oil-bearir~g materials
(in terms of crude oil), United States, 1937-~3


1939 1/
1 000 lb.


Item


.


19.37
1,000 15.

800
_50i2
b,112
3,7L15

136,778
25,968
162,746
907
5.,711
2,656
601
217
853


1938
1 000 13.


Animal fats and oils -
'Butter: Exp~orts ...................:
Shipments .................:
Total butter .................:
Greases ............................:
Lard (including; neutral):
Exports ...................:
shipments .................:
Total lard ...................:
Neatsfoot oil ......................:
01eo oil ...........................:
01eo stoom: .........................:
Stearine, Pnimal, edible ...........:
Tallow, edibic .....................:
Tallow, inedible ...................:

Fish oil .............,..............:
Total, animal ................:


1,959

8r,259


204,603
23,459


5.360
2,874
181
260
4o9


2,j08


2,285

277,272



5,466
4,894
153
276
2,042


1,'3's
18),20~7


2 677
256,8.36


2,279_
)]8,13


Verstable oils -
L stca *oil ....I...........
I.CL'cct oil 2/ ............
C.an oil ..................
Ca~t:ioneed oil 2/ ....
; aseed oil ...............
Peanut oil }}.......
Scybean oil ..........,.....
Total, ;egcta.ble .




































6,225
12,377
191-,024
34,852
776,048
14_2,643
8,599
14,485
3,255

133,307
21,266
15,175
6,601
169
71,606
31,556

1,470,262


2,330,723 2,253,882
Continued -


FOS-36 15 -

Tablo 7.- Stocks of spoolfied f .ts, crude oils, oil-boaring m~aterials (in
terms of crude oil), and other products, Un~ited StAtes,
December 31, 1936-39


Item 1936 1937 19381991


--~-CT


:1,00j0 pounds 1,00 pond 1,000 pounds 1,000 pounds


Animal fa~ts and oils-


-Butter ................... .....,:
Greases ................... .....:
Grease, wool ............. .:
Lard, including neutral ......:
Neatsfoot oil ............r...:
01eo oil ......................:
Stearine, animal, edible .....:
Tallow, edibl-? .....'..........:
Tallow, inedibtle ...,...:

Fi'sh-liver oil ............'...:
Fish oil ....................:
Whrine mam7mal >tl ...........:
Tote.1, arL .01Z ............:
Vegetable ~:Is,~- crd ai-4/:
Ba~bassu oil ..................s
Castor oil ..................:
Coconut oil ..................:
Corn oil .................. .....:
Cottonseed oil ...............:-
Linseed oil ..................:
Olive oil, edible .............:
Olive oil, foots .............:
Olive oil, inedible ..........:
Palm-kernel oil ..............:
Palm oil ...................,.:
Peanut oil ................:
Pprilla oil ..................:
Rap~e oil ..i ..............,....:
Sesame oil ...................:
Soybean oil ..................:
Tung oil .....................:
Other 5/ .....................:
Total, vegetable .........:
Total, all fats
and oils ...,.............:


61,234
57,852
2,342
145,809
1,901
4,326
5,768
9,087
244,037


42,953
72,938
1,877
53,593
-1,.826
6,351
5,306 .
e,80 e~
195,C98


2/ 128.,.770
5.5,., 385
.3.,042
107,421
.1,298
...5., 954
S..4,,527.
7,506
194,9417 '


55,468
55,708
4,608
161,319
1,660
6,,551
4,450
8,058
240,643

33,644
167i,008
44,503
783,620O


17,332
160,542
7/' 36,241
746,461


18,673
106~,462
-"91','306
600J,2?5 3


31,012
146,160
e2,273
71,293


3.,. 2.19,
177,734
'13,'471
6-855,538
191,483
.2,468
83,547
1,6"97


24:,698
2,2 ,9-
5,002 :
5,-85
62,517
48,656

1,41:,~555

2,080,e08


1,,13
12,1.63
75,873
25,,507
606,04i:2
117,500
41,099
7,022
2,j98
12,,583
93,795
29,215
.19,761
,14,214
.11,573
34, 116
28,981
2,263
1,099,218

1,8-v5,679


1,761
.17,187
216,570
27,978
78 3,324
l141,803
;,950
12,420
862
6,484
163,~850
27,557
15,622
2,969
205
76,709
61,189

1,E559,4r30









































Compiled from rep~ort of the Euroaau of th~e Census, except for butter a~d
are from cold sto~raga re~portes, Agricultural M~arketing Service.


1/ Preliminary.
2/Revi sedr
3/ Exclud~es 3,080,n000 pounds in ha~nded wa~rehouses.
4/~ P.efinerd oils have been conv-ertetd to crude basis by dividing by the following
actors: Dab s-tu~ oil, corn oil, cott-onsood oil, palm-kernel oil, and palm oil,
r),93; coconut oil, peanut oil, and saybca~n oil, 0.96.
Sy Includes henrpseed oil and sunflowe oil.


Item


__


__


_


- 1!1 a


FOS-76


Table 7.- Stocks of specified
terms of crude oil),
Dece~mber


fats, crude oilr, oil-bearing; materials (in
and mother products, United States,
31, 1936-3:9 -Conrtinued


:


1936 ,1337 1938 : 1939 1/

1s00 pounds _1,[000 pounds 1,000 pounds 1,000 pounds


Raw noterials (oil-equivalent)j-:
Babassu nuts .................:
Castor bean7s .........I...:
Copra ........................:
Cottonseed ...................:
Flaxseed .....................:
Sesame~ seed ..................:
Soybeans .....................:
Tung; nuts ...'.................:
Total, raw materials .....s
Other products-
Aninal stearine, inedible ....:
Compounrds and vegetable
cooking fatLS ..........r...:
Rydrogenated o~ils ............:
Lard oil ....................:
Red oil .....................,:
Tallow oil ...................:
Vegetable stsarine ...........:
Total, other products ....:


357
7,675
1-,~445
378,939
52,927
2
50,006


1,021
F,271
62,175
5031,539
60,885

68,936


2,839
8,769
45s,840
410,576
44,150

133,526


378
6,442
44,302
348,580
89,919

170,412


512,431


7!3,797


G45,700


660,035


7,4126

44!,932
22,402
3j,804
7,292
1,738
3, 790
91,323


2,937

426,031
22,468
6,452
P,515
2,270
5,612
9,5,285
2,875,890


2,532

55,662
241,455
8,2 74
7,715
1,777
11, 75 3
112,168
3,0)68,591


2,843

56,621
27,297
4,598
6,648
1,432
7,555
106,994
3,020,909
lard which


Grand total ..............:240.3









Table'g.-Apparent disappearance of specified fate and oils (crude
basis) in the United States, 1937-39

Item 1937 1938 1939 1/
: 1,000 lb. 1,000 13. 1,000 lt.~


__ ____ ____ __ _L


-17 -


Animal fate and oile-:
Butter ......................:
Greases .....................:
Grease, wool ................:
Lard ........................:
Neat's-foot oil .............:
oleo oil ....................:
Stearine, animal, edible ....:
TPallow, edible ..............:
Tallow, inedible kj .........:
Fish-liver oil ..............:


2,155.591
284.592
12,670
1.370,745
4.327
67,253
47,132
88,726
675. 18
b7, 92
249.957
68,996
5.093.5;99


pl 2.193.775
334.770
5.945
1,466,690
3,803
83.383
47,135
94,680
764,041
51.850
146,462
89 162
5.281.896


r/ 2,325.205
373.514
9,so4
r/ 1,655,182
4,064
69,797
37,598
93,051
sys,437
60,134
186,098I
83,997
5.7d2.881


Fish oil .......
Marine mammal oil...
Total, animal .......
Yegeta~ble oils-


......:


Babassu oil .................: 31,840 30,961 67,567
Cashew nut-shell oil 2/ .....: 1,742 1,585 1,947
castor oil ..,................: 62,662 53.155 79,069
Coconut oil .................: 493,128 604,726 609,575
Corn oil ....................: 166,984 149,351 157,127
Cottonseed oil ..............: 1,746,117 1.658,406 1,615.334
Linseed oil .................: 590,331 489,527 561,151
Oiticica oil 21 .............: 3,631 5.301 18,867
Olive oil, edible ...........: 52,298 73,346 66,142
Olive oil, foots ............: 20,576 18,4s3 26,115
Olive oil, inedible .........: 5,671 6,282 8,911
Palm-kernel oil ..,...........: 149,788 48,920 12,199
Palm oil ....................: 349,943 262,439 316.959
Peanut oil ..................: 108,528 90,846 82,326
Perilla oil .................: 39,732 41,894 52,137
Ra~pe oil ....................: 15,066 8,003 5,679
Sesame oil ..................: 50,087 15,387 9,065
Soybean oil .................: 18),021 305,395 446,925
Sunflower oil *......, 723 Z}/ 77 5/ 194
Teaseed oil a/ .............: 27,492 11,855 5,384
.Qay: oil ....................: 155,210 94,923 109,436
'Yegetaible tallow 2/ .........: 8,098 274 2.564
Other .......................: 2,013 2 6/
Total, vegetable ..........: 4,254,687 ,91184,054.67
Total, all fate and oils ..: 9.3 58,086 9,252,334 9,0117,55
Computed from figures shown in preceding tables.
If. Preliminary. 2/ :Re vlsed. }} Partly estimated. 4/ To be revised.
a/ Imports. 6/ Less than 500 pounds.











December :1939 If
Item:: ::
,1937 : 19!8 I October November Decemaer
: 1,000 lb. 1,000 lt. 1,000 lb. 1,000 1b.100 .
Production::
Colored ............ :. 13j 121 150 143 144
Uncolored ..........: 40, 605 30 ,21 23 r6),5 2 7,743 25143/*
Total 2/ ..........: 40,7)7 3O,}}} 23.1785 27,886 2p,58f .
Materials used::
01eo oil ...........: 741 1,009 620 745 876
01eostearin *... 286 237 236 228 236
Lard, neutral ......: 191 105 88 120 206
01oo stocK .........: 60 117 71 8 7
Total animal ,.....: 1,278 1,468 1,015 1,178 1,)9
Cottonseed oil .....: 20,920 10,577 8.689 9,701 8.779
Soybean oil ,........: 2,948 4,198 5.982 8,074 7.575
Peanut oil .........: 228 232 197 201 194
Corn oil ...........: 213 135 22 34 54
Cottonseed stearine : --- --- --- 1--
Total domestic:
vegetable .......: 24,309 15,142 14,890 18,011 16,602
Coconut oil ........: 6, 594 -7,2011 2,167 2,15L4 1,972
Babassu oil ........: 665 615 988 1,057 659
Palm-kernel oil ....: 516 99 --- --- ---
Total foreign:
vegetable ........: 7,775 7,918 3,155 321 2,631
Total fats and oils .: _.3,362 24 ,523 19, 060 22, 400 ~20,003
Milk *........ 7,268 5.830 4.538 5.337 4,988
Salt and other mise. : 1,988 1,344 -1,-116 1,3011.1.
Computed from Bureau of Internal Rovenue records and Internal Revenue Bulletiq


FOS-36
Table 9.-01eomargarine:


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Production and materials need


lilllliIIIII lllIIlilIIIIIIIIIIIIlll iill |iII 1
3 1262 08905 1360


in manufacture',
ecenter, 1939


United States, December 1937 and 1938, October-D


1/ Preliminary.
2/ Total of unrounded numbers.


F




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I:


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