The Fats and oils situation

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Title:
The Fats and oils situation
Physical Description:
301 v. : ill. ; 26-28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics and Statistics Service
United States -- World Food and Agricultural Outlook and Situation Board
Publisher:
The Bureau
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publication Date:
Frequency:
frequency varies

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Oil industries -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Oils and fats, Edible -- Economic aspects -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )

Notes

Statement of Responsibility:
United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
FOS-1 (Mar. 1937) - FOS-301 (Oct. 1980).
Issuing Body:
Issued by: Agricultural Marketing Service, 1954-Mar. 1961; Economic Research Service, May 1961-<Oct. 1977>; Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, <May 1978>-July 1980; Economics and Statistics Service, Oct. 1980.
General Note:
"Approved by the World Food and Agricultural Outlook and Situation Board," Oct. 1977-Oct. 1980.
General Note:
Title from caption.
General Note:
Item 21-D.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000502965
oclc - 01588232
notis - ACS2699
lccn - 46039840 //r82
issn - 0014-8865
sobekcm - AA00005305_00023
Classification:
lcc - HD9490.U5 A33
ddc - 380.1/41385/0973
System ID:
AA00005305:00023

Related Items

Succeeded by:
Fats and oils outlook & situation

Full Text


UNITED STATES ]FBPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Bureau of Agricultural Economics
Washington

0r8-7 September 37\


THE FATS AND OILS S IT A F 0N -
\-- -- ---
..*n-

CHATGES IN THE SITUATION, 1935 TO D EL-og_


Consumption of total fats and oils in the United States has been

increasing since the depression low of 1932, and in 1936 reached an all-

time high of more than 9 billion pounds. A still larger consumption is

indicated for 1937. The low point in production since 1922 came in the

calendar year 1935, in wilich year production from domestic materials was

about 2 billion pounds less tnian the all-time high production of over 8

billion pounds in 1929. This drop was largely ac-ounted for by lowered

production of cottonseed oil, linseed oil, and lard. Total production

in 1936 was more than three-quarters of a billion pounds over 1935, and

crop reports indicate that vegetable oil production from the crops of 1937

may greatly exceed 1936.

A 16-million bale crop of cotton may provide 1.6 billion pounds of

cottonseed oil, compared with 1.4 billion pounds produced from the 1936

crop, and 1.2 billion pounds from the 1935 crop. Estimates of soybeans to

be harvested from the 1937 crop indicate a 31-percent increase over the

bean harvest from the 1936 crop in the six important producing States. A

2-1/2 billion bushel corn crop is forecast which is only slightly blow the

5-year average of 1928-32. A flaxseed production exceeding by nearly 29

percent the small 1936 production is indicated, but this is only about 48

percent of the 1928-32 average production. A crop of 1-1/4 billion bushels





-2-


of peanuts is indicated which is slightly under last year's harvest. If

present prospects are realized the crop will have been exceeded only by

production in 1935 and 1936.

The shortage of fats and oils in 1335 and 1936 was cared for by re-

ducing exports of animal fats and oils and enormously increasing imports

of vegetable oils and raw materials. Imports of the latter two items (in

oil equivalent) amounted to more than 2 billion pounds in 1936 compared

with 1.2 billion pounds in 1932.

The trend of steadily increasing consumption of fats and oils, in
the aggregate, has been accompanied by striking shifts in domestic pro-
duction and in the trade of many of the individual fats and oils entering
into the total. Droughts, excise taxes on imports and on first domestic
processing, trade agreements and production restrictions, have all been
factors contributing to changes. Among the items showing striking changes,
in addition to lard, cottonseed oil, and linseed oil mentioned above,
increased production of soybean oil and of fish oils stand out prominently.
Perilla oil, tallow, palm and palm-kernel oils, rape oil, hempseed, sun-
flower, and sesame oils also have been definitely affected by the above-
named influences.

The soybean oil situation has been discussed in the April and May
1937 issues of the Fats and Oils Situation. The use of marinee Pnimal oil
in soap was touched upon in the August issue, and its use in paint was
briefly discussed in the May issue.

Fish oils

In addition to the established use of fish oils in soap and paint,
new uses, in great diversity, are being opened for fish oils by the improve-
ment in methods of hydrogenation and refining. The use of vitamin-potent
oils in poultry feeds is developing rapidly. The new outlets together
with the 1934 excise tax of 3 cents per pound on imports are encouraging
greatly increased production of fish oils.

During the years 1914-24 the average production of fish oil under
the American flag was somewhat under 40 million pounds annually, while the
average production 1925-36 amounted to a little over 125 million pounds.
In the year 1918, production amounted to 14 million pounds, compared with
267 million pounds in 1936. The 1937 season is not yet far enough advanced
to estimate probable production. Production of fish-liver oil increased
from a little over one-third million pounds in 1916 to a little over 2
million pounds in 1927. Since that date production has ranged from a low
of half a million pounds in 1933 to two and one-third million pounds in


FOS-7







1936. Whale oil production has been very erratic, the two high points being
1920 with a production of 23 million pounds and 1936 with an estimated pro-
duction of 30 million pounds, the low point being 1931 when practically no
whale oil was produced. (See table 100 in Statistical Bulletin 17o. 59 of
the United States Department of Agricultures)

According to the Pacific Fisherman, increased manufacture of oil and
meal from salmon cannery offal may be expected. At the present time only
a comparatively small portion of the available salmon offal is utilized.
This has been true in the past because demand for oil and meal was not
great and prices were not particularly attractive, while the remote
locations of most of the canneries made it possible to dispose of the offal
by merely running it to waste. Recent improvement in reduction machinery
and better prices for oil and meal point to an expansion in this field.

dorld production of whale and fish oils for the 1937-38 season can-
not be predicted. Neither Germany nor Japan have in the past produced
mich r;hale oil but both are expecting to send out fleets this next season.
It is expected that production under the American flag may be considerably
larger during the 19S7-38 season than ever before. There is at the present
time, however, no appreciable carry-over of whale oil, and it is possible
that between now and the opening of the season in December some international
agreement may still be adopted to keep the total catch around last season's
figure.

Perilla oil

Only since about 1930 has perilla oil been imported in significant
amounts. (See table 9, of FOS-3.) Since th-it time it has bcen of in-
creasing importance to the drying industry, contributing 13 percent of the
total drying oils used in 1936. With the imposition of the 4g cent excise
tax on imports in August 1936, imports were stopped almost completely for
the succeeding 6 months, although imports in 1936 prior to the tax had
amounted to 118 million pounds. (See table 69, this issue, and table 9,
of FOS-3.)

During the first 7 months of 1937 imports have been increasing month
by month, crrfounting to a total of 24 million pounds, compared with 99 mil-
lion pounds in the same months of 1936, and 49 million, 24 million, and 17
million pounds in the same respective months of 1935, 1934, and 1933. At a
price somewhat above the price of linseed oil, certain amounts will still
be used for purposes to which linseed oil is not so well suited.

The first official estimate for Manchurian 1937 perilla seed produc-
tion is 273 million pounds compared with 324 million pounds lnst year. The
Sino-Japanese situation may not particularly effect exports-of perilla from
Manchuria.

The Chinese tung oil areas are for the most part located in the
Yangtze River Basin, which is south of the areas involved in the present
disturbance, but exports of tung oil from China may be affected by military
operations in the Far East, as a very large percentage of the tlug oil is
exported by way of Shanghai.


FOS-7


- 3 -









Tallow

Because of abnormally low production of tallow in 1935, and as no
excise tax was placed on imports, imports of inedible tallow amounted to
246 million pounds.in that year, compared with 43 million pounds in 1934
and only about one-third million pounds in 1933. With a return to more
nearly average production in 1936, the imposition of the 3-cent excise tax
in August of the same year, and relatively large slaughter supplies of
cattle during the first half of 1937, imports have dropped off again,
amounting to only 15 million pounds in the 10 months October 1936 to July
1937.

Palm oil

Even including import taxes of 3 cents per pound imposed by the
Revenue Act of 1934, the price of palm oil is well under lard, cottonseed,
soybean, and peanut oils, and this oil is being imported in increasing
amounts for use in compounds and vegetable shortenings.

Imports for the 10 months October 1936 to July 1937 amounted to
almost 30C million pounds, compared with 270 million pounds in the same
period 1935-36. The amount reported as used in the tin and terne plate
industry is not subject to the tax and has been reported as 23 million
pounds in 1936 compared with an average of 13 million pounds in each of
the 3 preceding ,years.

Palr-kernel oil

Palh-kernel oil is a hard quick-latnering oil, comparable with
coconut oil for use in soap. It is -also satisfactory for use in various
food products. In price it has averaged slightly under coconut oil, and
considerably under domestically produced food oils during the past few
months, and imports have been increasing rapidly. Foreign supplies are
reported as adequate. Imports of eil and kernels in terms of oil for the
past 10 months amrounted to more than 15C million pounds compared with
something over 20 million pounds in the same period a year ago. It is
probable that a portion of this has been used to replace rape oil that
was imported in:-.ediately prior to the imposition of the 1936 excise tax.

Rape oil

Rape oil imports, not affected by the excise taxes of 1934, increased
from 12 million pounds in 1933 to 20 million pounds in 1934 and 60 million
pounds in 1935, largely used in vegetable shortening. The 4- cent excise
tax imposed in Augist 1936 seems to have stopped imports almost completely.
For the 1,-month period just prior to August 1937, less than 3 million
pounds have been imported, compared with 63 million pounds in the same
period a year earlier.


- 4 -


FOS-7









Hampseed, sunflower, and sesame oils

The 3-cent excise tax on sesine and sunflower oils imposed in May
1934 was increased to 4t cents per pound in August 1936, and a 4--cent per
pound tax was placed on hempseed oil, and 2 cents per pound on hemp and
sesame seed at the same tilae. Tnere is a duty of 2 cents per pound on
sunflower seed. In each of these three cases, imports have been practically
nil since September 1936.

FATS, OILS, AIT OLEAGINOUS RAW ;MATERIALS STATISTICAL BULLETIN NO. 59

In response to many demands, preliminary data for 1936 and revisions
for 1935 for some 20 of the nor. important individual fats and oils in
Statistical Bulletin No. 59 of the United States Department of Agriculture,
are presented in this issue of the Fats and Oils Situation. In order to
facilitate the use of these data, the original table numbers as shown in
Bulletin 59 have been retained in all cases except with the price tables.
The prices have been assembled in a composite table which is grouped into
sections showing monthly prices of linseed oil, cottonseed oil, so.ybeLn oil,
and lard on a crop-year basis, and- other vegetable oil and animal f't prices
by months on a calendar-year basis. The composite price table, table A,
follows table 103 (see pages 22-24). Thri two regular rice and oleomn-.rgarine
tables are indicated a.s tables B and.d C t end of the issue.




Veget-ble Gils

Table 23.-Castor oil: Production, trade, stocks Dec. 31, and
apparent disappenrnce, 1935-u6


(Net exports are indicated by, a minus sign)
: Factory :Im nmorts : : Net im- : : Apparent
Calendar : produc- :for con- :Exports :ports or : Stocks : disapper.r-
year : tion : sun-tion : :nct exports Dec. 31 : .nce
: L,0,C lb. 1,l'0 lb. 1 l00 lb. 0 1,00 lb. 1,000 lb. O lb.

1935 : 46, :27 258 318 60 7,983 50,861
1936 2/ : 64,553 68 654 386 12,163 59,787


1/ From imported ani domestic seed, but mostly imported.
2/ Preliminary.


FOS-7


- 5 -






FOS-7


Table 24.- Caster oil ani beans: Imports of oil, beans, and
oil equivalent of bans, 1935-36


S Castor beans, Cstor oil
Calendar : net imports 1 _____
year As beans :il equiva- :Imports for : Exorts 2
S_: lenl (424) cons .. -tion: -
: 1,oro lb. 1.000 lb. : 3,00 lb. 1,000 lb.


1935 '
1936 I/ :


77,0h9
164,077


32,3t1
68,912


258
6I


318
65h4


: Total net
S imports

: 1.000 lb.

S 32,301
S 68,326


1/ Imports for consumption. j Preliminary.
2/ Reported. in the chemical group.

Table 26.- Coconut oil, 'rude: Production, net imrorts, stocks December
31, and. apparent disappearance, 1935-36


Calendar Factory !et
"car production imrorts

: 1,000 lb. 1.000 lb.

1935 252,841 : 341,078
19361 :I 258,383 : 304,320


Stncks,


Stocks,
Dec. 31

1 ,'. lb.

153, 455
7 ,,S73


Apparent
disap-
pearance
1.,OO0 lb.

629,691
64o,2S6


1/ Preliminary, .


Table 29.- Coconut oil: Imports into the United States from the
Philippine Islands and other sources, exports and net imports,
1935-36


From
Philippine
Islands
1.000 lb.

353,396
322,050


Imports
From
other

1,000 lb.

10
15-


: : : 1et
: Total : Exports imports

: 1e I b. : 1.000 lb. : 1.000 lb.


353, 4c6
322,C65,


12,32 :
17,745 :


041,078
3o4,320


i/ Preliminary.


Calendar
year


1935
1936 1/


--


I


.


- -


---


~~---~-----


.


t


- 6 -


--


:





- I-


Table 30.- Copra: Imports into the United States frnm the Phi ipnine
Islands and n'her scurccs, l19" ->'


I.~- orts -,'


Calendar r La-
: From
'rear
:Philim7ine :
I Island :
: 100,0 lb.

193 : 4LL,066 :C
193b 2: 356,7 :


material : Oi eoai.iv.len. (E3 percent)
Fro : rom : Prnm
othe r' Total :Phil i-piine: other : T tal
sot.rces : : Tslans a : .'________cs :
1. I." 1 .: lb. 1. l r:: lb.: 1 .0': 11i UI. C' lb.

I ,C S : 1h,134, 277, 72 : ,2 2:;,105
-,727 : 2;,h'3- : 22 ,7~ : 4,2 S : 2 c2-,95t


I/ Since there are no reernortcs, im-ort.s ore equivalent to net imi:orts.
2/ Preliminary.


Table 31.- Copra and', coconut oil: Irn-orts into the ULniLed States from the
Philippine Islands and other sc orczes, expqorl.s andi net imp.orts. 135--b


Calendar
year



1535
1335 :/
1936 2_/ :


rotal oil,. ,nr.i il e;.iv. l nl,-nt of cora (03 nrcent)
rom : ro n,-tal :Te t
Pnil ippine : oer i: rort : .orts imorts
Isle.nds : sour-c~ :
1 ,& :' Ib. : l.C-" i : l ,:'C : 1.000 lb. : l,O C lb.


- ,243
4,2 5 :


c7.


12,323 :
1-7,7h5 :


-37,183
W, 3,316


lJ Preliminary.


Table :. Corn ril, cr.rFe: ProLL.;ction, traie, stocks De:emter 31,
and .:'pare.t 'iza.i -.rarar,_r:., 1'"5-3J*

(Net -xrr. rts a.r inrdiratedl by a minus sin)
i;: Sc t :A-,n rent
Calendar et Stocks :A rent
year :Production: I rpor- : "crcr rts otr : Dec. 31 : disan-
::__________ _:net imr'orts: :i rieranie
: ''O lb.: i,," ]b. : ]. I : i.Y0( lb.: 1,COO f .b.l.(C,' lb.


19T5 : 3.,7 28
1936 1/ : 127,171


28, 673


%92?


27,913 :
27,74" :


21, 203 : 131,49
.2 :,' 7 : 150,6 11


IJ Preliminary .


--- -----~


r61, 26r
0. 0r.






FOS-7 -
T;ble 7'.- Cottonnsad oil, crz-.le: Prodlrtion, trade, stocks December 31,
.nd au-arenT disapulearan-e, 1935-36


S:Apooarent
Calenr :Proiurtion:Ir,orts l: *-ports : :1tst ocks -disan-
__. ___ _: _earance
: _,,0: l b. l.',00 lb.: 1. "0' -b. LL, ) D l.: b1,. l.: 1.',1 lb.

1q3=, 4: ,1 ,r' : 1 6 7 : u.,1 : 162,? 6 : o 32 : 1,430,511
1975 /: 1,2-47,2 : 13,31 : ,1 : 1331o1 : 1o6,04.? : 1 ,39,736



1/ Irroorts fcr rnnsurm ion. 2/ Preliminary.

Trble '1..-Cottonsrie- crusrne in the United Stet.P, yv months, 1935-36


Month 1935 :1936 1/ Moint
1,000 1,000
:'hort ton short ton:

Aut. 143 102 Mar.
Sept. 437 -73 Apr.
Oct. 748 743 : : -
':.l'* 6?3 6% : :5 JuJne
Dec. : 2 V : : u
Jan. : 52 : :Calendar "-,r 2/
Feb. 347 4 1 : :Year be.-;. J-.ly

1/ S-um of monthly fi -Mres rounded to thousanids.


1, r'O
snort tn

1?r
71

371

4S,lht
8,9@


193c I/
1, ,?00
short ton


179
lil
70


4, qS


3/ Preliminary.


Table 43.- H.-',cedJ and heirmps ci oil:
Imports and production, 1935-30


:HRenrs.:'- : Hempseed oil
: 1 __
Year : --rts Factory : Imports
for : od-: for
: con-. : tion on n-
:_________ i, ______ .itoj
1 7 it. ,r ,. 11 .". 1 .

1935 : 116,lS 2 2/17,077
1936 1/: 63,132 13,720 1


3 e See note in Bull -tin io. 59.
2/ Not prre'.iously r.-rnrte,.
3/ Prelimi-r'-.


': .~i 44.- Ka-:ok seed c.nd kapok oil:
I:rliort 1 7."-3Cl

: : i.r nrt '. for con- :
: s..L'i. ior., n k:nck : I rmports
: Y,-ar of
: : :^i eq ,iv-: !-a-ok
: s ecrcd:alent (IS : oil
S : __: percent, :
* : ,., it 1. 1 ". b. 1,00O It'.

: 1 1 ,b.7 2.273
l: prel: irr3 347



: Prelmi..r.








Table 45.-


Linseed oil: Prodaction, trad- stocks, Dec. 31, and apparent
disappearance, 1935-36
(Net exports ore indic-tcd by a linus sign)


: : let : :
Calendar Prod-c- : ex-orts : Stocks, ent dis-
year tion : or net : Dec. 31 :
Sr t a-.)pear-
: : irnin rt- :.
an ce
S1,000 11. 1,000 lb. : 100 b. : ,00 1b.

1935 : 502,043 : 1,46 : 143,52 : 47,-4
1936 / : 455,959 213 : 117,300 484,972



I/ Preli.!inary.


Table 46.- Lincee2 oil: I,-rorts, ex-crts, an:l net ir.-orts, 195-26t
(Hect e.---orts *re i.-iicnt:l by a r.:inus si r.)

: : Net in-norts
CalAdr ycr In :rts E:rts : Flaxcee"i, :
: :Linc.-,.t oil :oil quiv- : T.tal
: : : : alent :
:1,000 lb. : 1,000 lb. : 1,000 lb. : l-,000 lb. : 1,:00 lb.
-1, E : :

1935 : ,,232: 986 : 6 : 32-r,503 : 5.7,49
1936 1/ : 70: 973 : 213 : 23,946 233,73



I/ Prclir..ina;ry.


Table 51.- Flx?-e ed: Pr-ol cti".-I, see: requirr-i.ente and oil couivalent,
19.T5-,7
SSeed : Projduction ;.i '-s soci Oil cquiv-le:it
:Pro- :requirr- : requ.re. ients fo r : :s 'ercenta'.'e of totel
Year : duc -:- nts for: foll': n._ ;:-r : disan- -irance oi' oil
: :follovine: Flax- : Oil : year beginr.i;. July
: tio-n :year 1 : soee : eqnivalcnt 2/:
:1, 00 : 1, '0 : 1,00 : ) j
: bu. : bu. : b-. : lb. : P recent

1935 :14,520: 1,344 : 1,176 : 243,492 : 52
1936 / : 5,008: 770 : 5,12 : 94,950 : 16
1937 / : 8,014:


I_ Esti! ites ride by Buroa' of Ariculturrl Econonics, based on 0.5 bushels
-or seeded acre for certain States and 0.6 bushels for other States.
2/ Conm-uted on basis of a yield of 33 percent (56 noufnds ?er bushel.)
3/ Preliminary.


OS-7





FOS-7


Tab)c 32.- FLnxi.e-l: T .--rts, 1 '35-,6


C.7le.:d. r : n. rt: : !et i. -!rts
'ytr : Rar : Ol Rr:: : Oil
:nmatntri-l:ecui rncint: :-terin : e.i v -lent
: 1,r : I, 00 '- : 1,000n
: 1. lb. b : lb.

1915 : 17,'50 : ,50.7 17,560 : 34,50 3
19 -6 I : 15,235 : 283,546 : 15,365 : 287,916



1/ Prci:i i:?r,,-


Ti-lc 54.- Fl?~::scr.d rrui-,e i:. the UTnited Stntes, n:.':1y1,' and
by a r.rt rs, 1 '..-.'7


Year


1 5

136
19.37 I/ :



I Prli .,i-r


nlen .r :Ye -r be- : Jirry;-- kA.ril- : JuIy- October-
er Fi. : !. rch J;.:e Scte.br : Dece:-ber
_, 1. ; :
L,'" ,*: ':" '.9 30 .... :1 ._ L,. I,,.':'1.. r-I 1i u. : 1,000 cu.

13,1 0 : 23,54 : .,751 : 6,114 : 5,9 : 8,284
.. : .. : 7, : : ,2 : 6,9 1
: : ,15 : 10 72 : :



.2'


T-:le .6.- Clive Ail, clitle: Pro. tio., tr''., st:c': Dec. 31,
S.rn: "- ..-r'; r.t i .-- ic- r1 .c 12 r3 -.,t"

C-le.::-r Ftry !: et Stoc'.s Avarent
i : S oco0
r o ', i i : .- rt ir.:?.:rt3 Dec. 21 : lisrne. a -

1.', lb. : L n t.: 1 0I, 0 lb. : 1.0:1 1i-.: 1.0 j3 b.

1935 : 7,73 : 7', 9 : 2,986 : 70,379
1933 I -1,438 ,972 : O, :: : 4, 9 64, 57



/j Prelini nry


-103-






FOS-7 -11-

Table 57.- Olive oil, inedible: Production, net imports, stocks Dec. ,1,
and apparent disappearance, 1935-36

Calendar Factory Net in- Stocks, : Aiarent
year production port : Dec. 31 disap-ear-
: : : ance
1000 b. : 1,000 lb. : 1,000 lb.: 10 1' i.

1935 8 19,743 : 2,527 : 1,49
1936 : : 12,045 : 2,498 : 12,074



I/ Preliminary.


Table 55.- Olive oil foots: Net inrorts, stocks Dec. 31, and a.-nrrent
disan:earance 1935-36

Calendar Net in- Stocks, : A-narent
yenr : orts : Dec. 21 : disanpearance
1,000 : 1,0 : 1, 0010,
o urin ds funds : no.m d s

1935 33,797 15,0'5 : 31,504
1936 I/ 17,401 : 7,022 : 2, 474



i/ PreliniiDry.


Tale 61.- Palr-kernel oil and raln. lernols: I.':orts, stocks Dec. 21,
and anpnrent disa .nearnlce, 1'.S5-c6

:Net imports of zalr-kernel r: I.ncrts of
Calendar : oil 1/ : --ai krrnels : :Apparent
: Oil : Stc!, : disap-
year :Edibl In- : Totl : Kernels :equiva- : Dec. 1 :Derance
: : edible : / .: ,/ :lent(45 : :
: : : percentnt) : :
: 1,000 lb.: 1,0030 ib.:1,00 lb.:100 1L.:100:, lb.:1. i00 li.:1,000 lb.

1935 : 7,978 : 50,592 : 58,570 : 50,073 : 22,5.3 : 30, .1- : 55,203
1936 / : 7,618 :12,523 : 20,141 : 27,443 : 12,349 : 12,83 : 50,168



See notes in Bulletin 59.







FOS-7


-12-


Table 62.- PoalL oil, crude: Imports, stocks Dec. 31, and apparent
disappearance, 1935-36


Calendar yenr :Imports : et ioorts Stocks, Dec. '1 .Aparent
________ _______ ____ ___________ disappearance
:1.000 : 1,0,00 Tl. : l.000 : l.00 lb.

1935 : 297,57 : 297,579 : 69,523 305,020
1336 / : 333,79 : 338,789 : 93,795 : 314,522



1_/ Preliminary.


Table 64.- Pea:vut oil: Production, trade, stocks Dec. 1l, and a'pprent
disappearance, 1935-36

P r ; :et 3rStc zk,:I Apparent
Calendar year P c-C Im orts Inport : Dec. 1 :isappcr-
_____ t._ _/ : ance
L: ,O0 I:. : 1,000 1i : 1,00 lb. I: ,CO lb. : 1,000 lb.

1935 : 44,573 : 0,7 : 80,723 : 20,21 122,235
1936 ? : 7,214 : 4,006 : 49,006 : 29,215 120,326



:I It is belic.ved that imnortc. ipear,.uits are not usje for crushing.
a/ Preli. ir.ary.


Table 66.- Posn.its sh-elled, crushed i;' the Unite States,
by qu- arters, 1935-37

S : CIlendir : Year : Jan'iar-- : Aril- : July- :Octotcr-
Ye : yer :berinnin : 1rch June :Se-jto-mber:December
: e : October :


1935
19.36
.1937


: 0C'O b. : 1,00 lb. 1,00 lb. .: 1. 1 : 1.,00 L b: ,000 lb.

118,759 : 160,149 3:2,02? : 10,96 : 4,346 : 71,995
: 17 ,01 : : 3,0:7 : 30, 10 : 9,917 : 90,647
S76,925 : 22,171
* *


I/ Preliminary.






FOS-7


Table 67.- Peanuts in the shell, crushed i.. the United States,
by q;--.-ters, 19;4--37


:: :z Year
Year : :leri ininr :.JarSry- .A:ril- July- Octobrr-
year 1toer Mrch Jane Se tenber December
: 1000 lb. 1.000 10 l0 :,0 lb. .000 1LI1,000 lb. : 1.,0 lb.

1934 :183,314 : 220,232 11, 97 : 13,14 :. ,118 : 150,135
1935 : 178,139 : 241,223 : 48,033 : 15,534 r, 519 : 107,993
1936 : 268,200 : : 72,130 : .45,225 : 14,875 : 135,970
1937 i/ : : : 115,387 : 33,256 :



I7 Preliminary.


Table 68.- Peanuts: Acrca-e, yield :er acre, production, and
qu-nitity crushed for oil, 193,5-.6

.ITjt .-r.thcred Pcanuts crushed, year
Year h___ PC r-i nr ri ot.nhlTr
:Acrcea-e : 7icld er :Production Total 1/ : As percentage
: acre 1/ : : of production
1,000 : : 1, 0 : 1,000 :
acres : Po.nds rounds : rounds : Percent

1935 : 1,725 : 755.2 : 1,302,805 : 241,223 : 18.5
1336 2 1,736 : 749. : 1,300,540



lj In-the-shell basis. 2/ Prels.-inary.

Table 69.- Perilla seed a:in oil: '-lnorts, stocl:s Dec. 31, and
a-oarent disa-pe-irarice, 1?5-26

Calendar : In'.rts fcr cons..iption :Stock :A'parent
year Seed. :Oil equivalent Oil Total Dec..1 :disrpear-
: : (.-7 percent) : T t: :. :7 ance
1,000 lb.: 1,000 b. :1,000 b. :1,00 Ib.: lOC. 1i. :10.0 lb.

1935 : 2,783 : 1,030 : 72,328 7 3,55 : 12,.73 : 64,257
1936 1/ 3,742 1,335 : 117,903 : 119,288 : 19,761 : 112,400



1/ Preliminary.


-13-










Table 70.- Rape oil and rapeseed: tr.ports, stocks December 31, and
apparent disa-peirance, 1935-Z6

*: Rane oil : Raneseed 1/
: Annarcn L i
Year Stocks, Appar Total Imorts
: Imports cc 31 disa- : imports for
S : pnrnnce : planting
: 1.000 lb. : ,O lb. : 1.000 lb. : 1,000 lb. : 1.000 b.

1935 60,298 : 12,233 : 2/ 67,549 : 29,515 : 5,549
1936 : 63,201 : 14,214 : 2/ 67,220 : 27,836 : 11,808



I/ l:norts for planting permitted entry into the United States under the
Federal Seed Act and reported by the Division of Seed Investi/gations.
It is believed by the Division of Seed Investigatiuns, the Tariff
Coranission, and the Depart:ment of Co-:.-erce that prior to 1334-35 imports
of raeeseed hrave becn used for planting and bird seed, but not for
crushing. No domestic f-rctor'y drod.'ction of rane ril has been reported.
It is known throut:' reliable private sources that sone seed was crushed
in 1935 and 1936. The excess? of 19'35 raTeseed innorts over average of
1930-34 seed irmorts a.our.ted to 3Lout 18,.00,000 pounds, or equivalent
to about 6,600,000 oounis of rane oil. The excess of 1936 rapeseed
i:-.ports over averagee 1920-34 i.-,norte aouLnts to 17,406,000 pounds, or
equivalent to about 6,000,000 pounds of rane oil.
2/ Includes 6,600,000 pounds oil equivalent of i-morted seed probably crushed,
for 1936, and 6,7,00,00'' pounds for 1937.
3/ Preli:iinary.



Table 71.- Sesam.ie oil: Production, in-xurts for consu-antion, stocks
Dec. 31, and apparent disa-)earnnce, 1935-36

: I loorts :Apparent
Calendar Fact*ry : :Stocks, :disa-pear-
year- :,educion: De.31 disappear-
year production Inedible Edible Total Dec.31 anc


S1,000 lb. :1.000 l.: 1,00l lb:1,000 lb:1,000 lb.:1,000 lb.

1935 : 64,977 : 11 : 330 : 371 : 11,322 : 56,682
1936 / : 51,261 : 49 : 3,317 : 3,366 : 11,573 : 54,376



I/ Prcliiinary.


FOS-7


-14-






-15-


Table 72.- Soybean


:il, crudc: Pr'iOucti.n., tradc, stocks, Dec. 31,
and aarerint disa1nearaice, 19315-36


Calendar : Factory : ; t Stoc-s, :Apparent
year roduc- : I 1.rts : rrts : i.:orts Dec. 31 disap-
year: tion Dc: :_ _____ :prnp
S1,000 lb.: 1,00 lb. 1,00 lb.: !.000 Ib. 1.000 1b.: 1.OC0 lb.

1935 105,056 :- 14,249 : 4,111 : 10,138 : 31,090 : 103,111
1936 I : 225,297 : 7,187 : 4,029 : 3,158 : 34,416 : 225,19



S Preliminary.


Table 75.- Quantity cf soybeans cruche2 ir. the United States,
annually and by qirters, 1E' -37

: a: Year t- :
Year Calendar inr. : Jrnunry- Ari- :J.:ly-So-e- .October-
: year Octjber : ,~rch June tester Dece:.ber-
:1,000 bu. :1,000 bu, : LLOL bu. : 1000 bu. : 132bu, 1,000 Lt

1935 :12,308 : 25,191 : 2,632 : 2,239 : 2,198 : 5,209
1936 : 26,7-0 : 7,832 : 6,792 : 5,.43 : 6,768
1937 I/ : : : 6,750 : 4,352



SPreli-inary.


Table 76.- Soybeans: Inports for corLnsu3L-tion and exports, 193 5-36

: I:.iorts for Ins-,ectcd
Calendar year : c)onsu.nt ion for export

: 1,000 bu. :1,000 tu.

1935 : 4 : 1,570
1936 I/ 3 : 1,920



lI Preliminary.









Table 77.- Sunflower oil: I..-ortn;, stocks Dec. 31, and ap-arent disappearance, J
19-3-36


I.-.orts for co::su .nt..n : :r- t
Calendar : Stocks, : dia- : sorts
year : Edible : Inedible : Totil : Dec. 31 :: of
: -?erance :seed
1: ,**j lb. :1,000 lb. :1l',0 lb. :1ln 1L. :LO lb.:1.000 lb.

1935 : 37,052 : 207 : 27,259 : 1,024 : 36,874 : 667
193 / : 24,714 : E41 : 25,255 : 250 : 26,029 : 574



I/ Sall quantities of sur.flower seed are innorted for roastinr, planting,
etc., but neither in rrtedi nor domestic seed has been nuch use2 for
domestic criishin-, nIT .either one is included in -abulatio.-s 3f oil
supply .
2/ Freli linary.





Table-79.- T;-nc oil: I:-orts, stocks Dec. .1, and apparent disappearance,


: Ir:'orts : Stocks Apparent
Calenc'.ar year : for : Dec. 21 : isanneararce
: cor.sL.nt ion ::
1 c 1. : 1,0' 1l. ; 1,0)0 Ib.

1 35 : 120,059 : 19,0. : 132,5
1936 / : 134,830 : 28,991 : 124,557




l/ Preliminary.


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Table 1'.- Grease: Prodactinr-, e' orts, ani stocks D.cember .1, 1935-36

.- Exbort- 9
Froducti on Excr t s
a : : of other :
Calendar total l 3ttoc's, ?orrccted
S: rnlmol E: balance
year -..,rod.ccioi .- .I for c2ancenr:
in sto-':s "
_______ : ar.d fats :
Sb. : C1.000 lb. 1,0 0 Ib. : 1 1O lb. i : i' 1. lb.

1935 : 25., 509 EC,1: 268, 6l : i.,731 : 2,920
1936 1 : 307,815 : ,S;.2 310,12 : 11,4 : '3,713



_/ Preliminary.


Table 9'1.- T"eo oil: Prof"'.Lction, trade, sto-ks, December 31, anid
ar.raren.t .iisacrr.earance. l9q5-7

Calendar Im-orr Apnarent
: Prodiactii for con- : Exorts :Uet exnortm: ,.isap-
gyear De. 1.
s,._______ ionii____ _: r earance
: .00, lb.: '0 i'. l : 1.,1 C : 1 C",'._ 1 1 '0 D b.

'1~5 74,558 : 1 6- : ,.: l :. 7, 2 : 4, : .7,8'l
1936 1/: 9S,',22 6:, : ?,,'1 : ',0c, : h,3 6 : .?,52:
9s"?: 2 : rD : SO, a



1/ Preliminary .


Table 4.- Stearire. anim-".l, eLible: Production, tredc. stocks
December 31, anl a .,are.nt diirppeavrence, 1945-7t

ti'et ex-.iTrcF are iniintei b: a mins sifn)


Calendar : : Imrort- : Net ex- Stoci:s, A--arent
year Pro.fuc:tion: for -: :or. t : ert.s or : d.isan-
S:conssur, t io,- :r et imnors: : rearance
: 1 1 lb.: r1 iI. C: 1.00 1 .. : 1,0 t.: 1 -C-0 lb. 1,0''Q Ib.

1935 : h1,75 : 9, 21 : 1 I 72 : 7,
1336 1/: 9 6 : 5, 317 : 1,1 : h 161 : C,7;7 : .,4 4



1/ Prelir.,inar'r.


- 1I -









"able '5.- Tallo-, elir1:: Production. tra'.e, stocks December 31.,
nd r *,rent : isC .'i1i'..' 1 7 -36

(Net expricr' s r, i.idicaT rd by a rinus sig,)

: : Ir-.orts : i: .t
Anarent.
Ca.lErn ar : Prc fr : e ort. : too?:.:s,
S-o ..t lisar.-
ear : tion : con- : r ne' : .m2. .1 : Tearance
S______: s'.ur.t iori : : inort __
: -' .-.. : .'':-,'" lb. 1 .P'. I'.. : ) X'?, I. : .'": i : 1.X000' lb.

19 5 : 73, ?7 : i/ 2/ c7-,:, 6 : 1 -,.-, : Ss,09
19? If : 0,117 : ?,7 : 7'' : 1,,.' : 9,r 7 : 110,08
9 : 2 : ]




1 I'1 i.'e .d "t, in.-1 .ibie ta i 7po'7.
2/ Prcebabl includes -;:-nr.- i b.-' ire &llr,. See ta&le ,6.
3/ Preliminary.

ImTrorts reported as t1.all- -nit C:r:si ered as ir edible :.rou:h 19.5; beginning
January 19 C, repcrtfed E-.z ible ndi ine..lirle.





Table 96.- T'nrilow, iri-tiT' l : A-r, :re\t i.r -.'.. t ic.., trTle stocks 'Deember
71, C.- ',. .x. ,tir -, i 1' -3 -


S. : 1.-.arent : I rr rrts
.ale.-< r "t Stjoks. Con-
year tion i.. urts r c. 1 : sumption
1 : 2 :,tion :_ g.'jmr ir"n__" ''' __ 77 : 25 9
i -." : :t i : i 1 :i me. I :1.iy lb.


1 ^ 2/ ,22e :T ,? :1 1 .-1 7 :7 725,974





Statistics relating to ineaii.1 t.ll.-; 1re ., rti ..larl" ,inat f:-.c.ory. Page
68 of Statistical Bo..llti'n ..*. .'I! ,:o li c' .oinsule.l for a ..11i ~ussion of
these data.


- 2. -






- 21 -


Marine Animal Oils



Table 101.- Fisn oils: Production, trade, stocks December
31, and apparent disappearance, 1955-36


Calendar
Production
year


1935
1936 L


:.1000 lb.:

:228,641
/: 26,536 :


Imports :: :
for Net : Stocks : A arent
or Exort s 1 sap-
con- : : exports : Dec. 31 : pearance
.Lm option : ___
1,000 lb. 1.000 lb.: 1.000 lb.: 1000 lb.: 1.000 lb.

36 : 3,276 : 2,4g : 16)4,215 :232,421
1,30 2,154 : 51: lb~,5)2 269,658


1/ Preliminary.









Table 1i13.- Fish-liver oils: Prod).iction, trade, stocks
December 31, and apparent disappearance, 1935-36


Calendar
year




1935
1936 l/


Pro


1,


duc t ion


00,0 lb.

1,751
." '


Irmnorts
for
con-
Smrrpt tion
.0,0 1 :1

5)4,651
64, 42C :


ilet
imj)corts


1.0i'C Ib.

5,4,651
b4t,420


Stock, : Aparen


Stocks, : Apparent
Dec. ,1 :disar.rararnce

1l,.000 lb. : 1.00Q lb.


11,723 :
17,332


55,022
61,147


1


1/ Preliminary.


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- 25 -


Table B.- Price per paund of sc-lected fats arnd oils, average January-
June, monthlt- July and A-gust, 1936 and 1937


Fat or oil


:19. __ : 1937-
:Average: :Average:


:Jr.n. to:
: June :
: Cent s


July : Aug. :Jan. to: July : Aug.
S_ : : June :
Cent's Cents : Cents Cents Cents


Butter, 920, U. Y.
Oleomargarine, nut, Chicago
Lard, prime steam, Chicago
Lard refined, Chicago
Lard compounds, Chicago
Coconut nil, odibl:, 1'T. Y.
Coto.onsond oil, crude, f.o.b.
S. E. mills
Cottonseed oil, p.s.y., U. Y.
Soybean oil, refined, I.. Y.
Peanut oil, domestic, rfined
Rape oil, refined, IT. Y.
Gleo oil, Ho. 1, N. Y.
Oleostearine, barrels, U. Y.

Corn oil, refined, H. Y..
Olive oil, edible, I!. Y.
Sunflower oil, refined, il. Y.
Teaseed oil, crade, H. Y.


:
;
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
U.Y.:
:
:
:

:
:
:
:


Coconut oil, crude, Pacific Coast
Tallow, inedible, Chicago
Grease, house, 'I. Y.
Palm oil, crude, H. Y.
Olive oil foots, barrels, N. Y.
Palm-kernel oil, denatured, I:. Y.
Babassu oil, tLanks, !I. Y. 2/
Sardine oil, tan-r:s, Pacific Coast

Linseed oil, raw, Minneapoli?
Tung oil, drums, ii. Y.
Perilln nil, drums, Il. Y.
Soybean oil, crude, f.o.b. mills
Menhaden oil, crude, f.o.b.Bnlto.
Hempseed oil, crude, HI. Y.

Castor oil, 1Io. 3, I!. Y.
Cod oil, barrels, Ne.-foiundlanm


32.0
11.4
10.8
11.7
11. IS
6.6

7
9.4
9.3
12.5
7.2
11.3
3.2

4.
23.P
In. l
9.

4.2
r.0
4.7
4.6
8.
.5n
1/7.0
4.4

9.2
17.1
7.5
6.8
4.6
S.4

10.2
E,.2


33.6
11.2
11.01
12.1
12. 0
6.2

8.7
9.8
10C.r
12.5
8.5
9.0
9.01


35.6 :
11.9 :
12.1
12. :
12.7 :
:.9 :

8.9 :
10.1 :
10. :
12. 5n:
3.6
10.2
10.2


11.8 12.:
22.7 25.7
9.9 -
9.4 12.3

4.3 4.6
5,6 6.0
S3 5.4 :
4.4 4.7
8.2 9.0 :
4.2n 4. Sn:
7.1 7.5
4.On 4.2n:

9.8 I1 :
iS.9 16.5
9.7 ,8. :0
7.9 8.0 :
3.7n 3. :n:
8.6 9.5

10.2 10.2 :
,.5 5.7


33.14
14.2
12.3
13.2
13.c.
10.3

9.5
10.3
12.2
13-.3
12. 0,
1-3. 3
10. 3

12.7
31.9n
1/1.2.4
12.2

7.
8.6
S.5
6.6
11.5
7.0
10.
6.9

10. 3
14.6
11.6
9.4
5.5


10.2
6.3


31.6
12.5
12.2n
13.6
13.2
1. -,.
7.5

8.On
9.2
11.3
12. 2n
12.8
1. 0
9.7

10.5
32. On

9.4

5.1
8.2
;3. .
5.7
11. 2n
5.5
5.4
5.9n

in. 5
12.9
11.6

5. 3n
5.Jn


32.S
12.2
11.3n
13.0
12.2
7.1

7.On


10.6
14.3
12.1

5.3n


10.2 10.2
6.9n 6.9n


Average for 4 months.
Beginning February 1937, prices arc futures.


FOS- 7


- -


----







-26-


Table C.- Oleomargarine: Production -.nd iatorials used in :ianufactore,
United States, June and July, 1926 and 1937

S 1936 1 : 1937 I/
Item : June July : June July

J..'J -J u


1,000 tb.


i.uuU 1u.


Oleo oil
Oleostearine
Lard, neutral
Oleo stock
Total animal

Cottonseed oil
Soybean oil
Peanut oil
Corn oil
Tot:l dor.mestic ve"etnile

Coconut oil
Babassu cil
Palrm-lernel oil
Palm oil
Sosa.ie oil
Total foreign vegetable


Total fats and oils


* Milk :
Salt and other -iscollaneous:


1,451
290
142
121


1,601
254
137
120


1,060
260
122
125


830
286
97
96


S2,004 2,112 : 1,537 1.309

: 6,649 7,612 10,961 9,281
: 955 1,27 : 1,581 1,977
: 220 324 : 13 171
: 177 203 201 134
: 8,001 9,417 12.926 11.563

: 9,736 9,554 5,614 6,568
: 1,182 1,289 : 1,794 1,123
: 308 269 : 866 971
: 224 125 : 89 97
: 5 4 :
:11,455 11.241 : 8.363 8.759


: 21,460


5,521
1,3922


Production of oleo.-or,:rine : 25,334


22,770 : 22,856


21,631


5,258 : 5,102 4,743
1,530 : ,333 1,259

27,695 : 27,945 26,215


1/ Preli:-.inary.
CmGiniled and co- muted frcn reports of the Co-r.lission.er of Internal Revenue.


FOS-7


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

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