The Fats and oils situation

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Material Information

Title:
The Fats and oils situation
Physical Description:
301 v. : ill. ; 26-28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics and Statistics Service
United States -- World Food and Agricultural Outlook and Situation Board
Publisher:
The Bureau
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publication Date:
Frequency:
frequency varies

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Oil industries -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Oils and fats, Edible -- Economic aspects -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )

Notes

Statement of Responsibility:
United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
FOS-1 (Mar. 1937) - FOS-301 (Oct. 1980).
Issuing Body:
Issued by: Agricultural Marketing Service, 1954-Mar. 1961; Economic Research Service, May 1961-<Oct. 1977>; Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, <May 1978>-July 1980; Economics and Statistics Service, Oct. 1980.
General Note:
"Approved by the World Food and Agricultural Outlook and Situation Board," Oct. 1977-Oct. 1980.
General Note:
Title from caption.
General Note:
Item 21-D.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000502965
oclc - 01588232
notis - ACS2699
lccn - 46039840 //r82
issn - 0014-8865
sobekcm - AA00005305_00021
Classification:
lcc - HD9490.U5 A33
ddc - 380.1/41385/0973
System ID:
AA00005305:00021

Related Items

Succeeded by:
Fats and oils outlook & situation

Full Text





:Im o UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
.. .. ...... BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL EcONomaIC
". .... ...... .. .W-ASH I NGTON

S- Ju




.T H E .F A T 8 A N D 0 I L S S I T U A T I
--.----F---------F----------------



~: HIS IUI-E OF THE FATS AND OILS SITUATION CONTAIN
'., TABLES BRINGING TO DATE THE DATA ON PRODUCTION, TRAD :
S:::. .STOCKS, AND DISAPPEARANCE OF FATS AND OILS IN THE UNI ED
: STATES, AS ORIGINALLY PRESENTED IN STATISTICAL BULLETIN
SNo. 59 OF THIS DEPARTMENT FOR THE YEARS 1912-35.



S. :

PRODUCTION OF AND NET TRADE IN ANIMAL FATS
AND VEGETABLE OILS. UNITED STATES, 1912-38
POUNDS
S : SILLIDISI

a PRODUCTION FROM
S DOMESTIC MATERIALS


7
S- VEGETABLE E OILS


':...: ..




:.. *: *


.. ]::;
* : .. ":* .
: '"



.:. o





: .

:';- .. :
...-


-2


1920 1924 1928
DATA FOR Ia ARE PRELIMINARY


. %I B IRPAIILT or eicurIK -rl 5ll0


*uLAu or AGr bULtriL rICOOUICS


LY 14.,


1939


ON
** **p


'"




FOS-29


Price per pound of specified fats and oilsj June 1937 and 19381 and


April-June 1939
Fat or oil : Jue :
: 1937 : 1938 :-


Domestic prices-
Butter, 92 score, Chicago
Butter, 92 score, N. Y.
Oleomargarine, dom. veg., Chicago
Lard, prime steam, Chicago
Lard, refined, Chicago
Lard compound, Chicagn

Cottonseed oil, crude, S.E.mills
Cottonseed oil, p.s.y., N. Y.
Coconut oil, edible, N. Y.
Soybean oil, refined, N.Y.
Peanut oil, dom. refined, N.Y.
Rape oil, refined, N.Y.
Oleo oil, extra, Chicago
Oleo oil, No. 1, N. Y.
Oleostearine, N.Y.
Corn oil, refined, N.Y.
Olive oil, edible, N.Y.
Sesame oil, refined, N.Y.
Teaseed oil, crude, N.Y.

Tallow, inedible, Chicago
Grease, A White, Chicago
Grease, house, N.Y.
Coconut oil, crude, Pacific Coast
Palm oil, crude, N.Y.
Olive oil foots, N.Y.
Palm-kernel oil, denatured, N.Y.
Babassu oil, N.Y.
Sardine oil, Pacific Coast
Menhaden oil, crude, f.o.b.Baltimore
Whale oil, ref.,winter bleached, N.Y
Linseed oil, raw, Minneapolis
Linseed oil, raw, N.Y.
Tung oil, N.Y.
Perilla oil, N.Y.
Oiticica oil, N.Y.
Soybean oil, crude, f.o.b. mills

Castor oil, No.3, N.Y.
Cod oil, Newfoundland, N.Y.
Foreign prices- 2/
Cotton oil, crude, naked, Hull
Copra, Resecada, Philippine Islands
Palm-kernel oil, crude, Hull
Whale oil, crude, No. 1, London
Tallow, beef fair-fine, London
Linseed oil, naked, Hull


10.25
6.93

6.06
2.83
5.64
4.76
5,84
6.58


Cents
30.00
30.94
15.40
11.88
S13.25
13.40

8.25
1 0.00
S 8.06
11.42
12.81
12.67
j 12.30
12.84
9.50
11.97
S32.00
11.88
S 9.58

S 8.22
8.72
8.13
S 5.56
S 6.00
11.25
5.75
:/ 8.91
6.93
5.77
S11.00
10.6
11.1
s 13.06
11.31
S11.20
8.23


Cents
25.28
25.87
15.40
8.41
9.38
10.22

6.75
8.00
5.25
8.50
9.88
10.43
8.00
8.50
6.06
9.59
25.33
10.38
6.62

4.64
4.91
3.98
2.91
3.84
7.94
4.15
6.28
4.80
4.13
9.45
8.20
8.72
10.88
9.94
9.44
5.25


Apr. ,
Cents
21.95
23.11
14.50
6.33
7.28
9.25

5.53
6.60
4.38
7.50
8.98
10.80
7.50
8.10
6.22
8.88
25.07
9.12
9.48

5.02
5.09
4.84
2.79
3.82
6.99
3.43
6.12
4.45
4.21
8.20
8.70
8.96
16.05
9.68
10.12
4.72


9.25 8.35 8.25
6.67 4.33 4.33


3.92
1.19
3.87
3.08
4.27
5.01


3.57
3 1.33
3.66
3.23
3.94
5.08


3.73
3/1.39
3.82
3.34
3.81
5.26


m


1939
May
Cents
22.77
23.64
14.50
6.53
7.50
9.25

5.56
6.60
4.38
7.50
8.94
10.80
7.50
8.00
5.88
8.88
25.07
9.18
9.50

4.99
5.15
4.82
2.97
3.82
7.06
3.45
6.28
4.33
4.27
8.20
8.68
8.95
17.75
9.68
11.75
4.92


8.25
4.33

S3.68

3/3.83
/3.38
V/3.80
5.29


SFutures.
SPreliminary


/ Converted to U.S.currency at current monthly rates of exchange.
*


-- -


: June
Cents
23.65
24.06
14.50
6,10
7.06
9.00


5.46

4,62
7.50
8.88
10.80
7.44
8.00
5.91
8.80
25.07
9.18
9.38

4.73
4.85
4.77
3.02
3.82
7.06
3,65
6.25
4.30
3.67
8.20
8.70
9.32
20.62
10.48
13.31
4,86


F


- 2 -







-- -- -- -- --2- -- 3--- -- -

THE FATS AND OILS SITUA.T ION


Summary

Prices of drying oils, led by tung and oiticioa, advanced rather sharply

in June, and were considerably higher than in June last year, the Bureau of

Agricultural Economics reports. Increasing building activity in the United

States and the curtailment of Chinese tung-oil shipments by the closing of the

Yangtze River to non-Japanese traffic apparently were the factors primarily

responsible for this rise. Prices of butter, coconut oil, and palm-kernel oil,

in this country, advanced moderately in June, but remained lower than a year

earlier.

Lard and cottonseed oil prices continued to decline in June as a result

of increasing lard supplies. Prices of most food fats wore lower in Juno than

a year earlier.

According to the spring pig crop report of this Bureau, the number of

pigs saved this year is expected to be about 4 percent larger than the annual

average of 80 million pigs saved during the pro-drought period 1929-33. Lard

production in 1939 probably will total about 2,100 million pounds compared with

1,754 million pounds in 1938 and a 5-year (1929-33) average production of 2,342

million pounds. Production of lard under Federal inspection during the first

5 months of 1939 was 18 percent larger than a year earlier.

Present indications are that total lard production in 1940 will be at

least as large as the average for the 5 years 1929-33. But exports of lard

in 1940 probably will be smaller than the 5-year average. Hence the supply of

lard available for domestic consumption next year is expected to be somewhat

greater than in the pre-drought years.


FOS-29


- 3 -






The acreage planted to cotton this year is indicated by the July 1

crop report to be slightly smaller than that of 1938. In 1938, the acreage

of cotton harvested was the smallest in 39 years.

The acreage of flaxseed for harvest in 1939 is indicated to be more

than double the small acreage harvested in 1938, and about equal to the

average for the 10 years 1928-37. Fleaseed crop conditions have been gen-

erally favorable. Production of flaxseed is expected to be almost twice

that of last year, and considerably larger than the 10-year average. The

acreages of soybeans and peanuts for harvest in 1939 are indicated to be

the largest on record.

REVIEW bF REENT DEVELOPMENTS

Prices of most food fats decline, dying oils advance

Prices of lard and lard compounds, as well as prices of tallow,
grease, and menhaden oil, declined fairly sharply from May to June.
Moderate declines were reported in prices of cottonseed oil, corn oil,
and teaseed oil. Butter prices advanced seasonally in June. Prices of
drying oils, particularly tung and oiticica, scored notable advances.
Prices of coconut oil and palm-kernel oil advanced.

Prices of most food fats in June were lower than a year earlier,
prices of lard and cottonseed oil showing the greatest declines. Prices
of palm oil and babassu oil, however, were about the same as a year
earlier. Prices of the drying oils, teaseed oil, rape oil, and tallow
were higher. The most marked increase from a year earlier was in the
price of tung oil, which in June 1939 was nearly double that of a year
earlier.

The relatively large production and supplies of lard this year
have been chiefly responsible for the do:mward trend in prices of lard
and related fats and oils. The upward trend in prices of drying oils
in recent months, on the other hand, apparently has been due to 2
factors: improvement in the demand for such oils with increasing build-
ing activity, and a shortage in supplies of Chinese tung oil resulting
from the Japanese closing of the Yangtze River to foreign traffic.

June pig report indicates marked increase in lard production

The combined spring and fall pig crop of 1939 is expected to be
about 16 percent larger than the 10-year (1928-37) average and about 4
percent larger than the 5-year (1929-33) average. The spring pig crop
is estimated to be 20 percent larger this year than last, and the num-
ber of sows to farrow in the fall season this year is indicated to be
about 16 percent larger than the number farrowed in the fall season of
1938.


- 4 -


FOS-29





7os-29


-5-


In 1938, the combined pig crops totaled about 71 million pigs
saved. This was 15 percent more than the relatively small number in
1937, but 11 percent less than the 80 billion pigs saved, on the aver-
age, during the pre-drought years 1929-33. A total pig crop in 1939
4 percent larger than the 1929-33 average would amount to about 83
million pigs savod. The number of pigs saved in the spring season
(December 1-June 1) of 1939 totaled more than 52 million head. The
increased number of pigs saved this spring compared with last probably
will result in a marked gain in lard production beginning about Octo-
ber, when marketirns of new-crop hogs get underway in large volume.

The quantity of lard produced in the United States in 1938
totaled 1,754 million pounds compared with a 1929-33 average production
of 2,342 million pounds. Lord production in 1939 probably will total
about 2,100 million pounds, with the greatest gain over a year earlier
occurring in the final quarter of the year. In 1940, lard production
probably will total about as much as the average for the 5 years 1929-
33.

As indicated in previous issues of this report, exports of lard
in 1940 probably will not be so great as in the pro-drought period, due
largely to the loss of the Germanr market for American lard. Hence, a
somewhat larger quantity of lard (possibly 250-300 million pounds) will
be available for domestic consumption than ams the case 8 or 10 years
ago.

July 1 report shows little change in cotton acreage

The acreage of cotton in cultivation on July 1 is estimated by
the Crop Reporting Board at 24,.943,000 acres, or slightly less than the
25,018,000 acres in cultivation on July 1, 1938. Last year, 24,248,000
acres were harvested, the smallest since 1899. But the average cotton
yield per acre in 1938 was relatively high, with the result that the
quantity of cotton arid cottonseed produced in 1938, although much small-
er than the record crop of 1937, was considerably larger than in 1934
and 1935.

Flaxseed production to be nearly double that of 1938

The July 1 crop report indicates that the 1939 production of
flaxseed will be about 15,398,000 bushels, nearly double the 8,171,000
bushels produced in 1938, and considerably larger than tho 10-year
(1928-37) average production of 11,943,000 bushels. An average yield
of 7.6 bushels per acre is indicated for 1939 compared with s.6 bushels
in 1938, and 5.9 bushels, the average for the 10 years 1928-37. Pros-
pective yields per acre are below the excellent yields of 1938 in all
States except Montana, but are above average in most States.

The acreage of flaxseed planted in 1939 is estimated at 2,324,000
acres. Allowing for probable abandonment, it is estimated that 2,034,000
acres will be harvested in the 11 States usually reported. This is more
than double the 954,000 acres harvested last year, and about equal to
the 10-year average. The largest increases in acreages over 1938 are
reported for Minnesota, Montana, California, Kansas and the Dakotas.







FOS-29


- 6 -


Soybean and poanut acroages largest on record

The acreage of soybeans grown alone for all purposes in 1939 is
estimated at 8,119,000 acres the largest on record. This is the third
consecutive year of increase. Last year 6,858,000 acres of soybeans
grown alone were planted. The major increase in acreage this year was
in the North Central States, chiefly in Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio,
where large proportions of the total soybean acreages usually are har-
vested for beans.

The acreage of peanuts grown alone for all purposes is esti-
mated at 2,339,000 acres, 8 percent larger than the previous high record
acreage in 1938. The average condition of peanuts on July 1, at 73
percent of normal, was 4 points below that of a year earlier, but was
equal to the 10-year average.

PRODUCTION, TRADE, STOCKS, AND DISAPPEARANCE, 1935-38

Data on production, trade, stocks, and disappearance of fats and oils
in the United States for the years 1935-33 are given in the following tables,
which bring most of Statistical Bulletin No. 59 to date 1/. Similar data
on prices rill be given in the August issue of "The Fats and Oils Situa-
tion".

The original table numbers as shown in Bulletin 59 have been re-
tained. Certain tables which were complete in the statistical bulletin
arc ouitted here, A few now tables, designated by the letter a follow-
ing the sequence number, have been added. Except in the case of the new
tables, sources of data are not shown.

In most cases, data for 1935 are revisions of the preliminary
figures published for that year in Bulletin 59. In addition revisions
for several series have been Dade for earlier years. Where such re-
visions have been nado, the revised data for years prior to 1935 also
are shown.

Several of the summary tables cxr complete for all years begin-
ning 1912. Tables 1 and 3 have been revised to include the essential
data of table 4. And tables 6 and 7 have been combined.

1/ "Fats, Oils, and Oleaginous Raw Materials Production, Prices, Trade,
Disappearance in the United States 1912-35", and available data for
earlier years. United States Department of Agriculture, Washington,
D. C. 1937. Copies of this bulletin nay be obtained from the Super-
intendent of Documents, Washington, D. C. Price 10 cents.





P08-29


SUMMARY TABLES

Production


Table 1.- Summary of production, net imports, and apparent disappearance of
fats and oils, United States, 1912, 1914, and 1916-38,(1912-35 revised)
(Net exports are indicated by a minus sign)


* Donestic oil production
I a Vegetable a
S ;: From i From i
t Animalsdonestictiaporteds Total


i nater- i
a iols a
Mil.lb. Mil. b.


Calendar
year



1912
1914
1916
1917
191g
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1925
1925
1926
1927
1929
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1933 6/


1,823
2,146
1,827
1,711
1,629
1,837
1,363
1,589
1,209
1,267
1,552
2,180
2,283
2,25
2,042
2,067
2,030
1,949
1,922
1,764
1,534
1,612
1, 47
2,148
2,377


mater- ,
ials 1/1
Mil.lb. Mil.lb


209
301
457
534

538
428
536
760
670
472
646

694
880
694
587
457
630
617
748
729
931
667


5,930
6,409
6,599
6,060
6,355
6,732
6,394
6,98
7,114
7,981
8,237
8,021
8,433
8,649
8,440
8,829
8,321
S,277
8,206
8,495
7,992
6,961
7,SSO
8,061
8,668


i Net i sTotal Pro-
sexportsiGhangesuappar- s duc-
lor net i in i ent tion
linportsastooks vdisap- i per
I of I / i pear- capital
oil I i ace 1 3/
. Mil.lb. Mil.lb. Mil.lb. Pounds


-752
-467
-325
157
162
-447
-346
-920
-636
-627
-201
-127
98
94
181
241
211

22S
288
1,618
1,357
1,532
845


-- -
41/ 15
13

55
+ o104
142
231
+ 3g
24
+ 296
+ 286
151
+ 208
+ 110
+ 80O
+ 142
+ 507
411
159
+ 34
+ 235
+ 250


5,179
5,943
6,260
6,204
6,509
6,231
5,943
6,151
6,897
7,310
7,526
7,843
8,010
8,265
8,497
8,802
8,452
8,407
8,08o
8,211
8,691
8,738
9,203
9,35d
9,263


62.4
65.4
65.5
59.3
61.3
64.1
60.0
64,0
64.8
71.6
72.8
69.8
72.4
73.2
70.4
72.7
67.6
66.7
65.7
67.5
63.1
54.6
61.4
62.4
66.6


1 Rough estimates based on reported total factory production minus oil equivalent
of domestic raw materials, supplemented by oil equivalent of imported materials
for items not included in reports of factory production.
g/ Stocks of marine moral oils in bonded wrrehousbs have been deducted; such
stocks not reported since 1936.
3/ Oomputed from total production and total apparent disappoarnnco, using
July 1 population.
SIncludes butter and lard only.
/ Includes butter, lard, and cottonseed oil only.
SProliminary.


I
I.
a


3,898
3,962
4,315
3,s15
4t197
4,420
4,493
4,911
5,370
5,954
6,015
5,368
5,504
5,600
5,705
5,882
5,597
5,742
5,828
6,101
5,841
4,601
5,304
4,982
5,624


I Dis-
s: ppear-
: once
. per
i capital
, 3/
Pounds

54.4
60.7
62.1
60.7
62.8
59.3
55.8
56.8

65.5
66.5
68.3
68.7
69.9
70.9
72.4
68.6
67.5
64.4
65.0
68.3
68.5
71.7
72.4
71.1


-7-





MoS-29


Table 3.- Summary of production, net imports, and apparent
disappearance of fats and oils, excluding lard and
butter, United States, 1912, 1914, and 1916-38
(1912-35 revised)


(Net exports are indicated by a minus sign)
I Domestic oil production : et : Total
Calendar exports Changes apparent
year Veetable or net in di sp-
Animal : From : From Total imports stocks pear-
: domestic:imported : of : I ance
:materials:materials: oil
Mil. Tl. Mil. lb.b Mil. lb. Mil.1. Mil. lb.The .lb Mil. lb.
1912 668 1823 209 2,699 188 -- 2,511
1914 742 2,146 1 3,190 3 --- 3,187
1916 836 1,827 457 3,121 165. 3,285
1917 731 1,711 534 2,976 554 2/ + 35 3,495
1918 852 1,629 529 3,010 748 35 3.793
1919 : 70 1,837 76 3,182 369 + 87 3,465
1920 : 983 1,363 538 2884 281 + 103 3,062
1921 : 1,078 1,589 28 3,095 23 120 3,192
1922 : 1,217 1,209 536 2,961 357 210 3,529
1923 1,276 1,267 760 3,303 424 + 31 3,697
1924 1,298 1,552 670 3,520 352. t 37 ,835
1925 1,218 2,180 472 3,871 520 + 8 4,382
1926 1,293 2,283 646 4,221 60 + 307 4,522
1927 : 1,284 2254 795 4,333 619 + 270 4,682
1928 : 1,209 2,042 694 3,945 710 178 4,833
1929 : 1,287 2,667 880 4,234 1,052 + 173 5,113
1930 1,276 2,030 694 4,000 920 + 159 4,761
1931 2 1,248 1,949 587 3.784 816 + 117 4,482
1932 1,194 1,922 457 3,572 601 + 156 4o017
1933 1,306 1,764 630 3,700 841 + 327 4,214
1934 : 1,522 1 534 617 3,673 751 -332 4,757
1935 1,150 1,612 74s 3,510 1,717 86 5,314
1936 : 1,479 1,847 729 4,055 1.490 80 5,625
1937 : 1,408 2,148 931 4,487 1,690 + 346 5,832
1938 3/: 1,573 2,377 667 4,617 1,o06 + 110 5,592



I/ Stocks of marine mammal oils in bonded warehouses have been deducted; such
stocks not reported since 1936.
SIncludes only cottonseed oil,
SPreliminary,


- 8 -





FOS-29


-- 9 -


Table 5.-Production of fats and crude oils, United States, 1912, 1914,
and 1916-38 (1912-35 revised)

...........- : : Olive
Ba- :Castor:Cocb- : Corn :Cotton:Hemp- :Kapok : Lin- : Mus- : oil
S...;4.- bassu : oil : nut : oil : seed : seed : oil : seed : tard :Edinle:In-
':' oil : o1 i oil : oil : :oil :oil 1: :edib1t
: Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. MiM.. Mil.
:' lb. lb. Ib. lb. lb. Ib. lb13 lb. lb. .Ib lb.

22 2/ 39 73 1,435 -- -- 2 --
19i : -- 19 2 38 92 1,790 -- 507 ------
9 2 22 100 110 1,492 --- 532 -
9 : -- 2/ 22 2229 118 1,3W 42-- -- ---
1' : -- 2 3 271 111 1,284 -- -- 375 -
91 9: --- 2 216 97 1,430 -- --- 453 2 3]
9 --- 24 131 99 1,143 485 1 1
9 : --- 21 113 87 1,277 --- 483 1 l 1
922 : --- 31 186 112 935 -- 457 l. --
1923 : --- 37 236 1 974 -- 654 1 1 3
1924 :--- 37 191 117 1,154 --- --- 706 1 2 2
1925 --- 45 20 1o4 1,511 --- --- 764 1 1 -
1926 : --- 261 120 1,764 -- 720 1 1 3
;1927 --- 9 282 117 1,807 -- 777 1 1
1928 --- 65 311 124 1,460 -- 751 1 1 Ij
1929 r --- 76 353 134 1,584 --- -- 764 3 1 3
1930 : --- 47 353 121 1,616 --- 3 516 / 2--
13 --- 50 303 113 1,417 --- --- 521 1 .2 3
1932 -- 37 264 106 1,571 --- 3/ 327 3/ 1--
:1933 :--- 45 351 129 i,1oo --- 406 1 2 3]
193-4 -42 297 115 1,224 4/ 2/ 3 371 I3 1 3
1935 :/ 10 47 253 loo 1,1084 172/ 2 502 31 .1
1936 38 65 258 127 1,247 14 3/ 456 5 4
1937 .: 33 69 267 127 1,626 / -- 665 5/ 2 31
1938 : 30 52 287 137 1,678 5/ -- 441 5 5



Cont inued-






FOS-29 -10


Table 5.-Production of fats and crude oils, United States, 1912, 1914,
and 1916-38 (1912-35 revised) continued

:Palm- : Per- : : :
Tallow
Calen- :kernel:Peanut: illa :Bape :Sesame: loy- :Butter: Lard :Marine:
dar : oil : oil : oil : oil : oil : bean : / : 8/ :animal: dible: In-
year : 2 : : 2/ : : oil : : : oils : ediblel
SMil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil.
: b. lb. 1b. 1b. Ib. llb. Ib_.b 1b lb. Ib.
1912 : --- / 1,592 1,639 41 22 25
1914 -- 1 --- 1,65 1,535 23 Y 25 4 252
1916 29--- --- --- 1,793 1685 31 30 31
1917 --- ---- -- --- 1, 1,436 29 30 23
1918 2 : 96 -- -- -- 1,464 1,8 16 34
1919 : 3 g 1,646 1,904 33 37 2S9
1920 4 13 :-- 1,567 1943 66 37 340
1921 : 33 ----- 1,741 2,092 56 4l 426
1922 3 23 -- 3/ 1 1,870 2,283 79 49 460
1923 V 5 --- --- 6 1 1,986 2,692 85 53 495
1924 : 7 --- -- 6 2,082 2,635 69 52 539
1925 : / 15 --- 2 3 2,017 2,133 101 50 4
1926 : 11--- 1 3 2,027 2,184 83 58 5
1927 : / 11 --- 1 3 2,076 2,240 83 49 5
1928 :3 12 --- 2 4 5 2,064 2,432 92 41 497
1929 : 3 16 --- 8 11 2,160 2,435 116 44 535
1930 : 7 2 -- 22 14 2,120 2,201 111 42 571
1931 16 1 --- -- 61 39 2,214 2,279 65 70 587
1932 : 13 13 --- 7 39 22,28 ,3 51 92 53 60
1933 7 13 / --- 15 27 2,349 2,446 133 58 63
1934 4 47 1 --- 9 35 2,253 2,066 226 78 7
1935 : 23 45 1 4/ 7 65 105 2,184 1,267 240 74 44,
1936 : 12 70 1 _/ 6 51 225 2,152 1,673 300 98 6Go
1937 : 40 51 3 --- 5 194 2,132 1,441 2658 78 62
1938 6/ 11 78 ] --- 3 323 2,297 1,754 248 93 76
3


Continued-





- 11 -


Table 5.-Production of fats and crude oils, United States, 1912, 1914,
and 1916-38 (1912-35 revised) continued

: : : : : : Total
I'Len- Grease : Grease,: Neat's-: Oleo : Oleo :Stearine:Including :Excluding
'a : : wool : foot : oil : stock : animal,:butter and:butter and
...ear : : : oil : : 9/ : edible : lard : lard
:Mil.b. l.b. Mil.b.. Mil.lb. Mil.lb. Mil.lb. Mil.Ib. Mil.lb.
19212 155 4 5 5 4/ 122 --- 4 60 5,930 2,699
1914 220 /5 5 142 --- / 70 6,409 3,190
1916 : 224 /5 7 4/ 153 --- 75 6,599 3,121
1917 : 210 7 8 143 --- 70 6,060 2,976
918g 244 7 10 4/ 166 --- 81 6,355 3,010
1919 258 8 8 S 169 -- 68 6,732 3,182
1920 : 326 6 132 -- 69 6,394 2,884
1921 : 323 6 7 148 --- 71 6,929 3,095
1922 360 4 9 165 16 75 7,114 2,961
1923 387 7 8 159 10 72 7,981 3,303
1924 : 376 4 9 156 14 78 8,237 3,520
1925 341 4 9 141 12 74 8,021 3,871
S1926 347 6 10 l61 12 79 8,433 4,221
1927 : 369 8 9 128 12 67 8,649 4,333
1928 374 6 7 124 7 61 8,44o 3.945
1929 387 10 6 123 8 60 8,829 4,234
1930 359 7 5 116 8 56 8,321 4.000
1931 364 9 4 94 8 47 8,277 3,784
1932 : 313 6 4 75 7 36 8,206 3,572
1933 328 8 5 89 9 39 8,495 3,700
1934 343 5 7 79 6 34 7,992 3,673
1935 259 10 6 75 3 42 6,961 3,510
1936 308 7 6 98 4 7,580 4,055
1937 : 303 8 5 75 3 8,o61 4,487
1938 6/ 322 5 4 8s 3 46 8,668 4,617



/ Oil equivalent of seed crushed.
2 Oil equivalent of imported raw materials.
SLoss than 500,000 pounds.
Estimate.
Not separately reported.
Preliminary.
2 Total factory and farm production.
8 Lard and neutral lard produced under Federal inspection, and other production.
/ Reports.


FOS-29






70O-29


Di sanrparance

Tables 6 & 7.- Apparent disappearance of fats and crude oils,
United States, 1912, 1914, and 1916-38 (1912-35 revised)

Bab- Cashew : : otton- em- Mut- Oti-
Calendar : a. nut :Castor: Cc-Corn Cotton- Hemp- Kapok Lin-ard t
year : o .shell : oil : nut : oil sed seed :oil :seed :ard cica
S __ oil oil oil i oilil .ol :1 oil
: Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil.


: lb. lb.


lb. lb. lb. lb. lb. lb. lb. 1b.


-- 22
S 21
: 25
S 26
-- 22
S 28
S 24
-- 23
S 31
-- 39

: -- 46
: -- -- 51
S -- 63
S 69
S 53
S 46
: -- -- 38
44
44
: 1- -- 51
36 -- o6
S 32 4 2 63
: 31 / 2 53


95
16
390
626
370
341
301
982
39
409
428
544
534
569
657
655
587
554
574
597
630
Ro
4o
493
605


50 1,082
76 1,589
101 1,321
113 1,198 -
111 1,218 -
91 1,178 -
87 911
73 1,099
115 966 --
109 891
115 1,053
99 1,502
115 1,514 -
112 1,553
121 1,507
137 1,555 -
127 1,584 xj 1/
106 1,315
107 1,240 -- i
123 1,295 I/ 1/
132 1,566 2/2 3
131 1,44i 10 2
151 1,340 20 16
167 1,746 2
149 1,658 i9 / I


461 -
510 --
526 -- --
471 -- --
70--
492 1 --
520 1
640 1
678 1
707 1
726 1 --
714 1 --
756 1
785 1 --
789 1. -
544 l/ --
479 1 -
358 1/ -
o80 1 --
17 --
470
485 -4
590 -
490 -


Continued -


1912
1914
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938 5/


- 12 -






- 13 -


Tables 6 & 7.- Apparent disappearance of fats and crude oils, United
j States, 1912, 1914, and 1916-38 (1912-35 revised) Continued

Olive oil Ouri-1 : Palm : Soy-
Calendar : _i .Palm :kernel:Peanut:Perilla: Rape :Sesame: bean
curl
S year : Ed- :Ined:FootS: oil. oil .: oil : il : oil. : oil :oil oil
i __ :ible :ible :____ ____. "
SMil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. MiMil Mil. Mil. Mil.
: lb. 1b. lb. lb. b,. 1b. lb. 1b. lb. lb. lb.


4 6 16 --
51 6 3 -
55 6 14
51 4 8 --
: 1 / I/ --
68 2 -
31 / 9 -
51 4 15
60 6/15 6g --
: 80/ 38 --
S79 7 24 --
: 88 10 38 --
83 9 3 --
:75 s8 --
85 8 o --
95 10 43
93 7 43
76 12 56
75 12 41
72 11 43 -
62 11 31
70 19 32
:64 12 28 l/
52 6 21 -
73 6 1 --


53 28 8
9 21 8
29 4 44
3 V1 78
21 8 164
42 4 237
45 5 97
23 4 46
46 1 4o
124 1 14
95 -0o
133 45 18
136 84 19
133 29 12
185 51 17
228 72 18
245 45 25
261 45 21
223 18 1
257 15 1
184 24 26
305 55 122
315 50 120
350 150 109
262 49 91


-- 10
I 11
/ 20
1 10
1 23
5 8
8 15
1 9
2 11
6 15
3 17
6 14
7 19
5 18
2 19
6 17
9 16
12 12
12 9
27 11
25 10
68
112 67
4o 15
42 8


Continued -


1912
1914
.1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
193)
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938 5/


25
13
143
261
335
150
103
35
21
38
14
20
26
13
10
13
18
35
39
32
31
103
222
183
305


2
5
1


15
14
6

3
11
30
33
5?
14
14
10
57
54
50
15







Tos-29


Tables 6 & 7.- Anparent disappearance of fats and crude oils, United
States, '912, 1914, and 1916-38 (1912-35 revised) Continued


: Sun- :
Calendar :lone
year flower
oil-
-. .......


:








:



: 1


1912
1914
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
192
1924
1925
1926
1927
1929

1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1537
1938


Mil.
lb.


28
10
22
25
37
26
1


STa- : : T g : V Tallow '
seed Tung: table : Buttur: Lard :Marine: Grease Grease,
seed oi:table animal: Ed-:Inod-: wool
oil -tallow: : oils-:ible:ible:
-* -_- ____ -----
Mil. Mil. Mi. le Mil. Mil. Mil Mil. Mil.
lb. lb. lb. lb. lb. lb. 1b. Ib. 1b. lb.


I/
SI/
--








2~I
- 3
-/1
-- C






/l
--
-/7
--3







--7
4/12


43
30
58
41
42
51
5?
38
68
82
78
87
92
85
f35
95
100
91


120
133
125
155
95


1,584
Ilc.g6
1,766
1 6 3
1.633
1,443
1,60s
9.577
1.757
1,t54
1,995
2,053
2,025

2,065
2,063

2,13
,2117
2,252
2,54
',312
2,207
2,135
2,156
2,204


1,083
1,071
1,208
1,076
1,273
1,158
1,304
1,201
1,4g4
1,618
1,638
1,432
1,444
1,518
1,600
1,572
1,557
1,678
1,786
1,743
1,623
1,218
1,443
1,371
1,467


63
68

44
68
94
120
144
135
176
166
191
238
222
182
217
190
221
227
320
369
386
287


22
S25
30
30
S34
37

4Q
i51
51
50
58
49
41l

41
66
51
52
68
6s
110
89
35


228
255
309
301
341
262
311
399
464
466
516
479
507
574
519
515
525
566
5s6
567
717
718
726
,676
764


155
220
224
210
244
258
289
3?3
342
310
313
260
266

324
301
284
278
277
235
304
254
299
285
335


Continued -


- 144-






15 -


Tables 6 & 7.- Apparent disappearance of fats and crude oils, United
States, 1912, 1914, nnd 1916-30 (1912-35 revised) Continued

: r Total
Calendar eat'Is- : Oleo ;Stearine,
year foot : oil animal, Including butter :Excluding butter
S oil edible and.lard and-l-rd
__ _- -_ :*__:_


Mil, lb.

5
.5
7
8
10

5
8
7
7
7
g
8
7

4
3
3

6


4


Mil. lb. Mil. lb.


28
57
69
109
97
94
56
25
55
62
51
55
59
59
56
9
62
31
51
62
68s
90
67
83


Mil. lb.


5,179
5,943
6,260
6,204
6,509
6,231
5,943
6,151
6,897
7,310
7,526
7.843
8,010
8,265
8,497
8,802
8,452
8,407
8,084
8,211
8,691
8,738
9,203
9,35S
9,263


Mil. lb.


2,511
3,187
3,285
3,495
3.793
3.465
3,062
3,192
3,529
3,697
3,835
4,382
4,522
4,6s8
4,833
5.113
4,761
4,482
4,017
4,214
4,757
5,314
5,625
5,832
5,592


1/ Less than 500,000
Estimate.
Oil equivalent of
Imports.
Preliminary.
"Olive oil foots"
Inedible olive oi:
/ Exports from Chin
3/ Not separately re]


pounds.

imported nuts.


included with inedible olive oil, October December.
L included with foots.
a and Hong Kong into the United States.
ported.


1912
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
'1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
: 1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938


5]:






FOS-29


Table ,.- Apparent disappoartace per capital of specified fats
and oils,'Unitdd'States, 1912-38 (1912-35 revised)

: Total : 1 1 ICompounds ITotal but-
Oalendar technical, a a : and iter, oleo-
year industrial, Butter Oeorin- Lard vegetablesmargnine,
Sand food : cooking :lord, and
: If/ I fats : conpounda
i Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds
I


1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919

1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929

1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938


a
I
I

a
I
4
I

I
I
S
a
S
S.


54.4

60.7

62.1
60.7
62.8
59.3

55.8
56.8
62. g
65.5
66.5
6S.3
68.7
69.9
70.9
72.4

68.6
67.5
64.4
65.0
6S.3
68.5
71.7
72.4
71.1


16.7
16.6
17.2
17.4
17.5
16.0
13.9
15.3

14.8
16.2
17.1
17.9
15.1
17.7
17.5
17.5
17.2
17.4

17.3
18.1
18.3
17.9
13.3
17.3
16.6
16.7
16.9


1.5
1.6
1.4
1.4
1.8
248^
3.3
3.4

3.4
2.0
1.7
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.1
2.3
2.6
2.9

2.6
1.9
1.6
1.9
2.1
3.0
3.0
3.1
3.0


11.4
10.9
10.9
11.8
12.0
10.5
12.3
11.0

12.2
11.1
13.5
14.5
14.5
12.5
12.4
12.8
13.4
12.9

12.7
13.5
14.3
13.9
12.8
9.6
11.2
10.6
11.3


8.5
9.6
11.0
10.2
9.7
11.0
10.6
11.7

6.7
7.1
6.8
6.6
7.1
9.3
9.6
9.8
9.4
9.9

9.3
9.4
7.5
7.6
9.5
12.1
12.4
12.3
12.0


38.1
38.7
40.5
4o.S g
41.0
40.3
40.1
41.4


37.1
36.4
39.1
41.0
41.7
42.0
41.6
42.4
42.6
43.1

42.4
42.9
41.7
41.3
42.7
42.0
43.2
42.7
43.2


I/ Total of individual primary
butter nnd lard.
2/ Preliminary.


fatsa nd oils shown in the bulletin, including


----------


- 16 -












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SFOS-29


19 -
Table 14.- Exports of rnirnal fats nid oils, Unitod States, 1935-3S


I i Lard I I Tallow :
: I and a : I : __
: But- i lard : : a- : : :
Oalendariter,in : nou- a rine : Oloo NeeatIa : In- IStea- :
year a clud- i tral, :Greaae anni- i oil Ifoot a Edi-: edi-:rine, 01eo ITotan
: ing sinclud-i I mol : : oil : ble : ble : ani- :stocks
Sship- i ing : oils : a : : l n
months : ship- : a
I a ents Ia : I I I I I:
SMil. Mil. il ill. Mil. l. M, Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil..
Slb lb. I b lb. lb. lb. lb. lb. lb lb. b.

1935 : 6 115 15 3 9 1 1 .1 3 155
1936 6 137 11 2 9 1 1 3 .1 4 175
1937 6 163 3 2 6 1 1/ 1 1 3 185
1938 / S 234 2 3 5 1 1/ / / 3 257
I
I/ Less than 500,000 pounds.
2/ Preliminary.


Table 15.- Exports of vegetable fato and oils and oil equivr-lot of raw materials
United States, 1931-38

9 Vegetable fats and oils i Oil equivalent of raw
:._ material
Galendar Coco-: : Got-: Lin- :Pea Soy- Cas-: : ot-'
year i nut : Corn ton-. seed a nut i bean : to :Totl ton-:Flax-: Soy-:Total
oil : oil : seed oil : ol s oil seed:seed beans:
a : a oil : 3 : : : a : : :
: ilb Mi. i. Mil. il. il. il. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil.
Ib. lb. lb. lb. lb. lb. lb. lb. lb. lb. lb. lb.
I
1931 : 1 1 24 1 5 1 49 1 1
1932 24 1 57 1 3 / 85 35 35
1933 :26 1 36 1 2 1/ 66 2 2
1934 25 1 15 1 2 ./ 45 1/ 1/
1935 12 1 l 4 1/ 23 13 13
1936 1. 1 3 1 4 1 27 16 1
1937 9 I/ S 1 6 1 24 11 11
1938 2/ 7 / 5 1 6 1 20 22 22

1/ Less than 500,000 pounds.
2/ Preliminary.






- 20 -


Stocks

Table 19.-Stocks of primary fats and oils, as of December
31, 1929 and 1935-38


Fat or oil : 1929 : 1935 : 1936 : 1937 : 1938

SMil.lb. Mil. lb. Mil Ib. Mil. Mil.1b.
Vegetable oils, crude
basis: 1/
Cottonseed .............: 573 565 606 6g6 783
Coconut ...............: 194 153 76 178 217
Linseed ,.... ..........: 141 147 117 191 142
Palm ...................: 53 70 94 155 164
Tung ...................: 29 19 29 49 61
Corn ...................: 25 21 26 18 28
Soybean ................: 1 31 34 62 77
Olive, edible ..........: 6 3 4 2 5
Palm-kernel ............: 15 30 13 42 6
Peanut ................: 5 30 29 25 28
Castor .................: 14 8 12 19 17
Olive, foots .........: 9 18 7 9 12
Rape ..................: 6 12 14 5 3
Olive, inedible ........: 1 3 2 2 1
Perilla ...............: --- 13 20 24 14
Sesame ................: --- 11 12 5 2/
Sunflower ..............: -- 1 2-- -
Hempseed .............t. --- 8 2 --
Oiticica ................ : -- -- --- --
Babassu ..............: --- --- 2 3 2
Vegetable tallow ....... 2 --- --- --- --

Total ...............: 1,088 1,144 1,099 1,475 1,559

Marine animal oils 4/ ....; 118 214 217 216 259


Continued-


FOS-29





FOS-29


Table 19.-Stocks of primary fats and oils, as
31, 1929 and 1935-39 continued


of December


Fat or oil : 1929 : 1935 : 1936 : 1937 :1938

M Mil.lb. Mil. lb. Mil.lb. Mil. lb. Hil. b.
Animal fats:
Butter ................: 2 40 61 43 129
Tallow, inedible ......: 100 296 244 196 195
Lard, including neutral: 82 53 146 54 107
Oleo oil .............: 8 5 4 6 6
Stearine, animal,edible: 5 6 6 5 5
Tallow, edible ........: 3 12 9 9 8
Neat's-foot ...........: 2 2 2 2 1
Total ............: 282 413 472 315 451
Greases:
Yellow ................ 12 15 13 20 17
Brown .................: 14 15 14 17 14
White .................: 11 7 7 10 11
Garbage (house) .......: 16 15 15 15 8
Bone ...............:. 2 3 1 2 1
Tankage ...............: 4 2 4 5 3
Recovered 5J ..........: 1 1 2 -- --
Other .................: 3 3 5 5
Total ...............: 62 60 58 73 58
Wool grease ...........: 4 3 2 2 3
Total grease and wool: 67 64 60 75 61
Total all groups .: 1 555 1.834. 1. 9 2,0o1 2,331

Other not specified .....: 20 11 3 17 16
Crude oil equivalent of :
raw materials ..........: 459 494 523 705 650
Other products J/ .......: 6g 94 91 95 112

Grand total ...........: 2,102 2,423 2,46E 2,899 3,109

1/ Refined oils have been converted to a crudo-oil basis, dividing by the
following factors: Babassa oil, cottonseed oil, corn oil, palm oil, and
palm-kcrnel oil, 0.93; coconut oil, peanut oil, and soybean oil, 0.94.
2/ Less than 500,000 pounds.
/ Estimate.
Includes fish, fish-liver and marine-nanmal oils; for computing changes
in stocks in tables 1 and 3, stocks of marine-mammal oils in bonded ware-
houses have been deducted.
5/ Included with "all other" beginning 1937.
SCorrection of typographical error in bulletin.
SIncludes lard compounds and other lard substitutes, hydrogenated oils,
red oil, inedible stearine, lard oil, and tallow oil.


- 21 -






- 22 -


Table 21- Crushings of raw materials for the production
of vegetable oils, United States, 1935-38


Item


1935 : 1936


*1937


-----~ -- ~---- ~ -~ A--~ ~ C-*--C


Cottonseed
Peanuts, hulled 1/
Copra
Coconuts and skins
Corn germs
Olives
Flaxseed
Castor beans
Soybeans
Mustard seed
Sesame seed
Babassu nuts and kernels
Miscellaneous


1,000 Ib.

7,688,508
118 75?
399,154
3,302

: 572
1,463,820
S 102,878
S 738,:78
1,320
S 138,1S6

: 142,286


1,000 lb.

8,262,516
178,800
408,028
3,984
518,690
30,436
1,347,128
13S,246
1,604,402

107,394
4/ 61,554
95,560


1.000 lb.

10,638,538
126,651.
416,708
3,546
392,946
15,480.
1,902,116
146,280
1,302,418


52,012.
84,326


1.000 lb.

10,669,726
194,369
452,830
2,118
426,430
32,836
1,271,178
114,556
2,098,730


46,620
42,170


I/ Peanuts in the hull have been converted to hulled basis by dividing by 1,5.
2/ Not separately reported,
I included in miscellaneouss".
Not previously reported.


S1938


FOS-29






FOS-29


- 23 -


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PRODUCTION, TRADE, STOCKS, AND DISAPPEARANCE

Vegetable Oils

Table 22a.-Babassu oil: Production, imports, stocks
and apparent disappearance, 1935-38


December 31,


Calendar : Factory : Imports for : Stocks : Apparent
year : production : consumption : Dec. 31 : disappearance
: 1.000 lb. 1.000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,000 Ib.

1935 1/ 9,614
1936 : 2/37,541 403 2/ 1,913 36,01
1937 32,816 330 3,219 31,840
1938 3/ : 29,503 1,761 30,961

Il Oil equivalent of imported nuts and kernels.
2/ Crude and refined. Separate data not reported prior to 1937.
Preliminary.
Less than 500 pounds.

Compiled as follows; Factory production and stocks, Animal and
Vegetable Fats and Oils, Bureau of the Census; production is crude, begin-
ning 1937: stocks are crude plus refined converted to crude basis(dividing
by 0.93), beginning 1937. Trade figures, Foreign Commerce and Navigation
of the United States, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. Apparent
disappearance computed.




Table 22b.-Cashew nut-shell oil: Imports ir.to the United States,
1937 and 1938

Calendar year Imports
a 1,000 pounds

1937 : 1,742
1938 : 1,5S5


Compiled from Foreign Commcrce and Navigation of the United
States, Bureau of Foreign and Docmstic Commerce. No data
are available for ycars prior to 1937.


- 24-


FOS-29





FOB-29


25-
Table 23.-Gastor oil: Production, trade, stocks December
31, and apparent disappearance, 1935-38


(Net exports are indicated by a minus sign)
: Factory : Imports : : Net im- : :Apparent
Calendar : produo- : for con- : Exports:ports or : Stocks :disappear-
year t tion 1/: sumption : :net exports: Dec. 31: ance
1 1, 000 .,000 I.. l. OO 1000 lb. 1,000 11.1.000 lb.

1935 i 46,627 258 318 60 7,983 50,861
1936 : 64,553 68 654 586 12,163 59,787
1937 : 68,973 800 634 166 18,640 62,662
1938 2/ : 52,273 1 572 571 17,187 53.155

SFrom imported and domestic seed, but mostly imported.
SPreliminaryi

Table 24.-Castor oil and beans: Imports of oil, beans,
and oil equivalent of beans, 1935-38

C C storer beans, :tor oil
Calendar n:r.et incrts i/ : : Total net
year o :Oil equiva-:Imports for : : imports
___: ___ a__ :lent (42~) : consumption: Exports
.*.. 1,000 lb. : 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb. :1000 Ib.

1935 77.049 32,361 : 258 318 .: 32,301
1936 : 16L,077 68,912 : 68 654 : 68,326
1937 : *1 .03 61,660 i 800 634 : 61,826
1938g 9 : 114,073 47,910 : 1 572 : 47,339

i/ Irports for consumption.
2/ Prelriinary.
Table 25.-Castor beans crushed in the United States,
annually andjuarters, 1935-39

SCalendar Year JJn.- Apr.- July- Oct.-
Year ycar beginning : June Sept. Dec.
: ___ : July : : :
:1,000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,000 1b. 1000 lb. 1,000 1b. 1,000 lb.

1935 : 102,878 123,494 31,592 17,918 22,526 30,842
1936 : 13,246 148,608 37,946 32,180 26,542 41,578
1937 : 146,280 118,430 43,634 36,854 27,128 38,664
1939 I/ : 114,556 30,912 21,726 23,804 38,114
1939 : 38,324

I/ Prolininary.







Table 26.-Coconut oil, crude: Production, net imports, stocks
December 31. and apparent disappearance, 1935-38

Calendar Factory Net Stocks Apparent
year production : imports Dec. 31 disappearance
: 1000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1.000 lb. 1,000 lb.

1935 : 252,841 341,078 153,455 629,691
1936 : 258,383 304,320 75,873 640,285
1937 : 266,636 328,353 177,734 493,128
1938 I/ : 286,850 356,712 216,570 604,726
I7 Preliminary.

Table 29.-Coconut oil: Imports into the United States from the
Philippine Islands and other sources, exports and net
imports, 1935-38

: EImports: :
Calendar :From : From : : Net
year :Philippine : other : Total : Exports : Imports
: Islands : sources : ::
: 1,000 lb. 1,000 b. 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1.000 lb.

1935 : 353,396 10 353,406 12,328 341,078
1936 : 322,050 15 322,065 17,745 304,320
1937 : 337,325 51 337,376 9,023 328,353
1938 ] : 363,919 21 363,940 7,228 356,712

1/ Preliminary.

Table 30.-Copra: Imports into the United States from the
Philippine Islands and other sources,
1935-38

: Imports 1/
: Raw material : Oil equivalent (63 percent)
Calendar : From : From : From : From :
year :Philipphin other :Total :Philippie: other :Total
: Islands : sources: : Islands : sources:
1,000 Ib.1,000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,000 Ib. 1,000 1.

1935 : 441,066 13,068 454,134 277,872 8,233 286,105
1936 : 356,758 6,727 363,485 224,758 4,238 228,996
1937 : 471,202 66,548 537,750 296,857 41,925 338,782
1938 / : 490,648 22,369 513,017 309,108 14,093 323,201

1 Since there are no reports, imports are equivalent to not imports.
SPreliminary.


- 26 -


FOS-29





SQS-29 27 -

Table 31, Copra and coconut oil: Imports into the United States from the
Philippine Islands and other sources, exports and net imports, 1935-38

_: Total oil and oil equivalent of conra (63 percent)
Calendar : From : From : t. Net
year :Philippine : other : imports Exports imports
j _.L Islands sources ___
S10 000 1000 lb. 1000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1000 b.

1935 631,268 8,243 639,511 12,328 627,183
1936 : 546,808 4,253 551,o61 17,745 533.316
1937 : 634,12 41,976 676,158 9,023 667,135
1938 i/ : 673,027 14,114 687,141 7,228 679,913

I/ Preliminary.

Table 32.- Copra crushed in the United States, annually and by quarters,
1935-39

_antity crushed
Year :Calendar : Year be- :January : April- July Sep. October-
ivear inning March June member December'
eJula
:1,000 00 ,000 1b. 1.000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb.

1935 : 399,154 456.544 97,366 71,466 96,34s 133,474
1936 : 4os,028 364,944 113,324 112,898 98,328 83,478
1937 416,708 162,428 95,176 87,962 118,072 115,498
1938 : 452,830 118,232 110,626 107,544 116,428
1939l/ 118is,946

IJ Preliminary.

Table 33,- Corn oil, crude: Production, trade, stocks', December 31,
and apparent disappearance, 1935-38

S(Net exports are indicated by a minus sign)
Calendar : : : Net ex- : Stocks :Apparent
ar :Production : Imports Exports : ports or : Dec 31 : disap-
y_ : _: :nct IL'-?ortz : :pearance
:1,000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1.' ;-.. 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb.

1935 : 99,788 25,746 833 24-,13 21,203 131,490
1936 : 127,171 28,672 29 27,743 25,507 150,610
1937 : 127,466 32,926 4 32,482 18,471 166,984
S1938 1j : 136,729 22,242 113 22,129 27,978 149,351

SI/ Preliminary.





- 28 -


Table 34.-Corn oil: Production, trade, stocks Septembor 30,
and apparent disappearance, 1934-35 to 1937-38


(Net exports are indicated by a minus sign)
Year : Factory : : :Net exports:Stocks at:Apparent
beginning : production : Imports : Exports : or net : end of : disap-
Oct. :of crude oil : : import : period :pearance
S1,000 b. 100 lb. 1.000 1b. 1000 Ib. 1,000 It. 1.000 Ib.

1934-35 : 96,642 23,443 902 22,541 21,892 125,303
1935-36 : 126,909 30,818 697 30,121 22,607 156,315
1936-37 : 124,617 32,489 690 31,799 17,793 161,230
1937-38 l: 131,171 24,094 99 23,995 25,660 147,299

I/ Preliminary.









Table 36.-Cottonseod oil, crude: .Production, trade, stocks
December 31, and apparent disappearance, 1935-38


Ca3ondar : et : Stocks : Apparent
year : Production : Imports : Exports .imports: Dec. 31: dis-p-
: : : :: poarance
:1000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,0001j.1,000 b. 1.000 Ib.

1935 : 1,184,039 177,081 4,091 172,990 565,320 1,440,905
1936 : 1,247,298 136,310 3,149 133,161 606,042 1,339,737
1937 : 1,6a6,215 207,049 7,591 199,458 695,59S 1,746,117
1938 g/ : 1,677,673 83,331 4,s72 7S,459 783,324 1,658,4o6

Ij sports for consumption.
2j Prolininary.


FOS-29





FOS-29


29 -


Table 37.-Cottonseed oil, crude: Production, trade, stocks July
31, and apparent'disappearance, 1935-36 to 1937-38


Year : Factory Net :Stocks at : Apparent
beginning : production : Imports : Exports :imports : end of : disappear-
Aug. : : : : period : ance
: 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1000 lb. 1 .1,000 1000 lb.

1935-36 : 1,163,736 144,580 3,768 140,812 362,066 1,449,060
1936-37 : 1,363,978 224,059 3,725 220,334 485,391 1,460,987
1937-38 2 : 1,961,486 69,388 7,791 61,597 558,487 1,949,987


Ij Imports for, consumption.
/ Preliminary.


Table 39.-Cotton:


Acreage, yield per acre, and production, 1933-38
(1933-35 revised)


Calendar year Acreage Average yield : Production /
C harvested eper acre
harvested per acre


1,000 acres


29,383
26,866
27,509
29,755
3623
24,248


Pound

212.7
171.6
185.1
199.4
269.9
235.8


1,000 bales


13,o47
9,636
10,638
12,399
18,946
11,943


1/ 500 pounds g
2/ Preliminary.


ross weight bales.


1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938 2





30 -
Table 40.-Cottonseed: Production, acreage, seed requirements,
crushing, and oil produced, 1910-38


:: Seed : Crushed, year : Oil pro-
: : Average :require- : beginning Aug. 1 : duced,
: Produc- :yield per:ments for: :Percent- : year
Year : tion I/ : acre / :following: Total : age of : beginning
:year : : produo- : Aug. 1
: : : : : tion 2/ :
1 n0n i nnn 1 00O


i I
:short ton

: 5,156
: 6,970
: 6,087
: 6,286
: 7,155
: 4,963
: 5,085
: 5,012
: 5,341
: 5,069


1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919

1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929


I,


Lb. short ton short ton


327.3
399.2
373.9
357.1
401.8
331.4
307.5
310.9
304.9
308.1

346.8
246.0
276.1
253.3
306.3
322.2
358.2
300.3
303.3
304.9

291.7
392.9
322.3
395.2
318.8
343.8
370.4
501.2
438.0


564
525
561
73

542
518
570
548
560

466
500
568
619
700
703
604
677
684
670

607
572
622
432
437

534
424


4,106
4,921
4,580
4,848
S,780
,202
4,479
4,252
4,479
4,013

4,069
3,008
3,242
3,308
4,605
5,558
6,306
4,654
5,061
5,016
4,715
5,328
4,621
4,157
3,550
3,818
,498
6,326


Percent

79.6
70.6
75.2
77.1
80.8
84.7
88.1
84.8
S3.9
79.2
68.2
85.3
74.9
73.5
76.1
77.7
78.9
80.8
78.6
76.1

76.2
70.1
7.9.9
73.6
82.9
80.7
81.6
75.1


Mil. 1b.

1,260
1,512
1,393
1,450
1,719
1,253
1,408
1,312
1,325
1,211

1,309
930
1,003
980
1,oo3
1,617
1,888
1,477
1,604
1,572
1,442
1,694
1,446
1,303
1,109
1,164
1,364
1,961


1/ Estim" K' fromn


the


production


i of lint


cotton, assuming a5 pounds of


sc-.1i 'o c;uch 35 p'inds of lint (or 38 pounds to each 478 pound
ba3] .'. lint). Rcfcrs to the cotton crop of the year stated.
2/ Conput.od in the Division of Statistical and Historicnl Roscarch.
3/ Prali:uinary.
Estimated seed requirencnts have been revised sinco the publication of
Bulletin 59.


FOS-29


5,966
3,528
4,330
4,503
6,050
7,150
7,9E9
5,758
6,435
6,590
6,191
7,604
5,784
5, 06
4.282
14, 729
5,511
5,',26
5.310


1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938 3-/


I, W






Table 41.-Cottonseed crashed in the United States, by months, 1935-38

Galen- Year S s
:darl :begin- : : : : : : : :
Year :year j/: ning :Aug.:Sept:Oct.:Nov.:.:D Ja.:Feb.:Mar.:Apr.:May :June:July
: : Aug. I : S
I 1,000 1,000 lO o000 ,OO00 1000 10 0 00 00 0.0000 00 10000 1000 o IpOO
: short. short shlrt shat shat short sh.rt shat shat sho short srt sht sh srt short
3 tons tons tons tons tons tons tons tons tons tons tons tons tons tons

1935 3,844 3,818 143 437 748 628 522 458 347 254 133 71 40 37
1936 : 4,132 4,498 103 595 747 681 666 572 421 317 179 104 75 38
1937 : 51319 6,326 182 797 952 890 792 710 635 543 336. 206 155 127
1938 2/ 5.340 223 576 665 630 534 451 367 399 256 199

/B Sum of monthly figures as rounded to thousands.
SPreliminary.


Table 42.-Cottonseed: Imports, exports, and net exports, 1935-38 I/

(Net exports are indicated by a minus sign)
: Imports for : : Net imports or
: consumption : or net exports
Year : Raw : Oil equiv-: Raw : Oil equiv-: Raw : Oil equiv-
:material : alent (15 : material : alent (15 : material : alent (15
:* : percent) : : percent) : : percent)
: 1.000 lb. ,,000 lb 1,000 b. 1,000 lb 1 lb.

1935: 11 2 -- -- 11 2


j/ Less than 500 pounds reported 1936-38.


Table 43.-Hempseed and hempseed oil:
Imports and production, 1935-38

:Hempseod Hempseed oil
: Imports : : Imports
Year : for : Factory : for
: con- : produc- con
: gumption: tion sumaption
S1,000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb.

1935 : 116,682 V/ 17,077 340
1936 : 62,911 13,720 1
1937 :2/ 477 3
1938 4/2/ 514 I 1

/ Not previously reported.
I Believed not crushed, but used
largely as birdseed.
./ Not separately reported.
SPreliminary.


Table 44.-Kapok seed and kapok oil:
Imports, 1935-38

: Imports for con- :
: sumption, kapok : Imports
I seed : of
Year : :Oil equiv-: kapok
: As seed:alent (18 : oil
: : percent) :
:1,000 Ib.1,000 lb. 1,000 b.

1935 : 12,657 2,278 --
1936 z 1,930 347 15,157
1937 --- --- ---
1938 ] -- --

I/ Preliminary.


POS-29


- 31 w





- 32 -


Table 45.-Linseed oil: Production, trade, stocks, December 31,
and apparent disappearance, 1935-38

(Net exports are indicated by a minus siig)

Calendar :: Net exports : Stocks, : Apparent dis-.
year Production or net im- Dec. 31 : appearance
: : ports : s
: 1,000 lb. 1,000 b 1000 b 1,000 lb.

1935 : 502,043 1,246 146,526 470,484
1936 : 455,959 213 117,300 484,972
1937 : 665,099 585 191,483 590,331
1938 1_ : 44o,614 767 141,803 489,527

l/ Preliminary.










Table 46.-Linseed oil: Imports, exports, and net imports,
1935-38

(ilet exports are indicated by a minus siign)
: : Net imports
Calendar : : : Flaxseed, :
year : Imports : Exports :Linseed oil :oil equiv- : Total
: : : : talent


1,000 lb.


1935
1936
1937
.1938 1/


2,232
760
402
123


1,000 lb.


986
973
987
890


1,000 lb.


1,246
213
585
767


1,000 lb.

324,503
283,946
518,027
S23,919


325.749
283,733
517,442
283,152


1/ Preliminary.


FO8-29




- .."


FOB-29



TabJ
a I


Year :
beginning'
July S


1919-20
1920-21
1921-22


1933-34 1/ a
1934-35 "
1938-36
1936-37 a
1937-38 4/ :


Factory
production
1,000 Ib.


507,815
484,313
440,424

442,796
404,060
505,530
587,093
504,810


: Net exports
a or


net imports
1,000 lb.


25,563
10,764
165,919

S9,984
2,291
139
644
578


Stocks
at end of
period
1,000 1b.

2/ 64,371
83,707
97,063

128,406
104,949
140,754
142,462
145,932


s Apparent
S dis-
: appearance
1.000 lb.


5235102
475,741
592,987

410,851
429,808
'469,864
584,741
500,762


/ Revised. 2/ Stocks June 30, 1919, were
y Imports for consumption, beginning 1933-34.


54,095,000 pounds.
!/ Preliminary.


Table 49,- Linseed oil: Imports, exports, reexports, and net
Imports, year beginning July,1917-21 and 1933-37
(Net exports are indicated by a minus sign)


exports or net


Year sImports for: a Net exports or-net imports
beginning : con- : Exports : Linseed iFlaxseed oil
July sumption i/: 1 oil :equivalent Toal
1 lb. 1,000 b.b. ,1,00 b.b. 1,0001,0 Ib.lb. 1,000 Ibb.

1917-18 2 a 381 8,909 8,548 246,600 238,052
1918-19 7 s 7,424 8,222 811 155,440 154,629
1919-20 / 34,128 8,523 28,563 431.378 456,941
1920-21 14,974 4,210 10,764 298,802 309,566
1921-22 2/ 168,705 2,744 165,919 251,879 417,798

1933-34 2/ 10,680 696 9,984 330,897 340,881
1934-35 3,086 795 2,291 283,331 285,622
1935-36 : 1,161 1,022 139 284,375 284,514
1936-37 452 1,096 644 482,253 481,609
1937-38 : 243 821 578 330,063 329,485
/ Imports for consumption beginning 1933-34. 2/ Revised. y Preliminary.

Reexports are almost negligible, totaling 6,000 pounds in 1912; 2,000
pounds in 1914; 20,000 pounds in 1918; 12,000 pounds in 1919; 42,000 pounds in
1920; 42,000 pounds in 1922, and less than 500 pounds in other years.


33 -



48.- Linseed oil: Production, trade, stocks June 30, and apparent
disappearance, year beginning July,1919-21 and 1933-37

(Net exports are indicated by a minus sign)


_ __


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FOS-29


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FOS-29 35 -


Table 51.- Flaxseed: Production, seed requirements, and oil equivalent,
1909-38 (1909-35 revised)

S Seed -. Production minus seed :Oil equiva-
I requirements a requirements for :lent as per-
: : for a following year scentage of
Year s Production following :total disap-
: : year : Flaxseed s Oil :pearance of
S1 : equivalent :oil, year be-
Sa :ginning July 1
: 1,000 bu. 1,000 bu. 1,000 bu. 1,000 lb. Percent


1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919

1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929

1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938


S
I
:i
s
s
s
:













*
i












4S


19,511
11,384
18,537
28,139
15,099
12,940
11,270
11,829
8,402
12,779
6,770

10,900
8,107
10,520
16,563
31,220
22,334
18,531
25,174
19,118
15,924

21,673
11,755
11,511
6,004
5,661
14,520
5,273
7,089
8,171


1,376
1,445
1,527
1,028
818
580
670
1,081
927
812
913

631
597
1,079
1,864
1,633
1,551
1,491
1,430
1,738
2,317

1,959
1,422
990
871
1,278
1,369
708
627
700


18,135
9,939
17,010
27,111
14,281
12,360
10,600
10,748
7,475
11,967
5,857

10,269
7,510
9,441
14,699
29,587
20,783
17,040
23,744
17,380
13,607

19,714
10,333
10,521
6,033
4,383
13,151
4,565
6,462
7,471


335,135
183,673
314,345
501,011
263,913
228,413
195,888
198,623
138,138
221,150
108,237

189,771
138,785
174,470
271,638
546,768
384,070
314,899
438,789
321,182
251,457

364,315
190,954
194,428
111,490
80,998
243,030
84,361
119,418
138,064


See Bulletin No.
/ See table 48.
4{ Preliminriary.


59 for notes 1 and 2.


- ----





ros-29 36 -
Table 52.- Flaxseeds Imports, 1935-38


Imports : Net imports
Calendar Raw ; Oil : Raw : Oil
year : material equivalent: material:equivalent
:1,000 bu. 1,000 lb. 1.000 bu. 1,000 lb.

1935 : 17.560 324,503 17,560 324,503
1936 : 15,365 283,946 15,365 283,946
1937 : 25,032 518,027 28,032 518,027
1938 1/ : 15,364 283,919 15,364 283,919
If Preliminary.

Table 53.- Flaxseed: Imports, exports, and net exports or net imports,
1935-36 to 1937-38
(Net exports are indicated by a minus sign)

Yr Iroarts : Exports : Net exports or
Year : : : n i .orts ,
beginning :1 -. I .. Oil
July- Raw ..: y -,. Oil
:mate:'il :e, '..Ict : rr.. "_l :n'.v.:-Ient : ram.. ..- :caaivalent
: i.. c. 1.. i.. i, ', bu. 1,O lb 1. 1. L ,.., 1,.00 b3.

1935-36 : 15 5S 281', i5 15.",s 284,375
1936-37 : 26,096 : 253 26,096 482,253
1937-38 1/ : 17,s61 330,063 17,b61 330,063
I/ Preliminary.


Table 54.- Flaxseed crushed in the United Statos, annually and
by quarters, 1935-39

Calendar : Yef D- r. : April- J:.%-- October-
Year y: y-'r : Sc : : Jue :Sc;::-. ;ber December
1i.', : I .
1: 'I. ,. 1,.i on. I,.,.: :':. 1,G0 bu b. 0 o 1,000 bu.

1935 : 26,340 26,544 5,754 6,104 5,998 s,284
1936 : 2L,056 30,340 7,094 5,168 4,862 6,931
1937 : 33.967 25,870 8,175 10,372 7,666 7,754
1938 : 22,699 6,461 3,989 5,043 7,206
1939 1/ 7,112
I/ Preliminary.


Table 55.- Mustard seed: Crtushings, stocks Dec. 31, and Imperts
(Not separately reported after 1935)





FOS-29


- 37 -


Table 55a.- Oiticica oil: Imports into the United States,
1936-38

Calendar year Imports
: 1,000 lb.

1936 .......... 2,892
1937 ...........: 3,631
1938 ..........: 5,301
I/ Not separately reported prior to January 1936. Private
sources estimate imports of oitioica oil for 1935 at
2,000,000 pounds.
Compiled from official records of the Bureau of Foreign and
Domestic Commerce.


Table 56.- Olive oil, edible: Production, trade, stocks Dec. 31,
and apparent disappearance, 1935-38
Calendar : Factory : z Net : Stocks : Apparent dis-
year production : Imports : imports : Dec. 31 : appearance
: 1,000 lb. 00000 Ib. 1,0OO lb. 1,000 lb. 1000 lb.

1935 : 664 70,789 70,789 2,986 70,279
1936 : 4,498 60,972 60,972 4,099 64,357
1937 : 2,324 48,343 48,343 2,468 52,298
1938 / : .4,742 71,086 .71,086 4,950 73,346

1/ Preliminary.



Table 57.- Olive oil, inedible: Production, net imports, stocks
Dec. 31, and apparent disappearance, 1935-38
Calendar : Factory : Nt : Stocks, : Apparent dis-
year production : imports : Dec. 31 appearance
: 1,000 lb. 1,000 Ib. 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb.

1935 : 8 19,743 2,527 18,849
1936 : 12,045 2,498 12,074.
1937 : 1/ 4,870 1,697 5,671
1938 2/ 3 5,444 862 6,282

1/ Less than 500 pounds.
M Preliminary.







Table 58.- Olive oil foots: Net imports, stocks
disappearance 1935-38


Dec. 31, and apparent


Calendar Met in- : Stocks, i Apparent
year : ports : Dec. 31 a disappearance
i 1,000 1,000 1,000
S pounds pounds pounds

1935 : 33,797 18,095 31,504
1936 : 17,401 7,022 28,474
1937 22,101 8,547 20,576
193 l/ : 22,356 12,420 1,483

/ Preliminary.

Table 59.- Olives, California: Production, percentage crushed for oil,
donostic production of olive oil, and production of oil as a
percentage of disanipearance, 1920-38 (1920-35 revised)

: Olives Olive oil, edible
Calendar : : Percentage a actor :As percentage
year : Production : crushed for production : of total
S: oil a :disappearance
I 1.000 lb. Percent : 1,000 b. Percent
: I
1920 : 16,000 2G.6 643 2.0
1921 a 17,000 3s.7 974 1.9
1922 i 19,400 20.7 .585 1.0
1923 : 34,000 12.9 574 0.7
1924 13,000 39.0 1,509 1.9
1925 : 30,000 12.9 532 0.6
1926 : 24,400 33.2 : 1,33 1.7
1927 41,600 13.S I 853 1.2
1923 a 44,000 28.6 1,433 1.7
1929 42,000 16.6 1,003 1.0

1930 : 40,000 36.9 : 2,184 2.4
1931 a 31,000 34.0 1,649 2.2
1932 I/ 44,000 14.4 s60 1.2
1933 : 23,000 50.9 2,103 2.9
1934 : 35,4oo 19.9 : 1,035 1.7
1935 6 64,000 7.1 664 0.9
1936 i 54,000 56.2 a 4,498 7.0
1937 : 56,000 27.6 1 2,324 4.4
193 2_/ : 80,000 41.0 4,742 6.5

Ij Production of olives for 1932 includes 10,400,000 pounds not
harvested on account of market conditions.
2/ Preliminary.


F08-29


- 38 -





POB-29


Table 61.- Palm-kernel oil and palm kernels: Imports, stocks Dec. 31,
and apparent disappearance, 1935-38

s Net imports of palm- : Imports of : a
Calendar : kernel oil palm kernels : Stocks, sApparent
year 1 : : :0il a~1 a-i Dec.31 i dis-
SEdible :Inedible : Total : Kernels slent (45 : sappear-
S- : : percent), g ance
1,000 lb. 1,000 b. 1,000 b. 1,00 b.00 l lb 00 lb. 1,000 lb.

1935 7 7,978 50,592 58,570 50,073 22,533 30,261 55,203
1936 a 7,618 12,523 20,141 27,443 12,349 12,583 50,168
1937 a 11,537 127,819 139,356 88,291 39,731 41,882 149,788
1938 2/ : 2,383 186 2,569 24,340 10,953 6,484 48,920
y Preliminary.


Table 62.- Palm oil, crude: Imports, stocks Dec. 31, and apparent
disappearance, 1935-38

Calendar Net a Stocks, : Apparent
year Imports : imports a Dec. 31 :disappearance
: 1,000 lb. 14000 lb 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb.

1935 : 297,579 297,579 69,528 305,020
1936 : 338,789 338,789 93,795 314,522
1937 s 411,112 411,112 154,964 349,943
1938 2 : 271,325 271,325 163,850 262,439
S
/ Preliminary.



Table 64*- Peanut oil: Production, trade, stocks Dec. 31, and apparent
disappearance, 1935-38

Calendar : Production : Imports : Stocks, Apparent
year : : 2 : Dec. 31 :disappearance
a 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb, 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb.

1935 : 44,673 80,723 30,321 122,235
1936 : 70,214 49,006 29,215 120,326
1937 : 50,756 53,255 24,698 108,528
1938 3 : 78,152 15,553 27,557 90,846

i/ From domestic material. It is believed that imported peanuts are not used
for crushing.
2 Excludes free for export beginning 1937.
3/ Preliminary.


- 39 -






- 40 -


Table 65.-


Peanut oil, crude: Production, trade, stocks
and apparent disappearance, 1934-35 1937-38


Year beginning : Factory : Imports : Stocks at : Apparent
October : production 1/ : 2/ : end of period :disappearance
: 1,000 lb. 1000 b. 1,000 lb.

1934-35 ...... : 55,595 73,792 33,068 98,479
1935-36 ...... : 64,299 53,885 17,042 134,210
1936-37 ...... : 77,912 55,747 35,858 114,843
1937-8 3/.... : 66,962 9,944 21,729 91,035

f/ From domestic material. It is believed that imported peanuts are not used
for crushing.
Excludes free for export beginning 1936-37.
Preliminary.


Table 66.- Peanuts, shelled basis: Crushings in the United States,
by quarters, 1935-39

Year
Year Calendar: beaninJanuary- April- July- October-
Year :beginning:
year October March June .September December
:1,000 lb. 1,00 000 b.b. 1000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb.

1935 ............ : 118,759 160,149 32,022 10,396 4,346 71,995
1936 ............ : 179,800 196,800 48,087 30,150 9,917 90,647
1937 ........... : 126,651 167,682 77,022 22,177 6,954 20,498
1938 ........... : 194,369 55,698 78,693 12,793 47,185
1939 ......... : 65,165

J/ Preliminary.


Table 67.- Peanuts, basis in the shell: Crushings in the United States,
by quarters, 1934-39 (1934-35 revised)

: : Year
Year Calendar ginningJanuary- April- July- .October-
year : nnOctober: arch June .September.December
: year : October : __* __cn :
:1,000 Ib. 1000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb.

1934 ........... : 183,314 220,282 11,897 13,164 8,118 150,135
1935 ............ : 178,139 240,223 48,033 15,594 6,519 107,993
1936 ........... : 268,200 295,199 72,130 45,225 14,875 135,970
1937 ............ : 189,976 251,523 115,533 33,265 10,431 30,747
1938 ............ : 291,554 83,547 118,039 19,190 70,778
1939 1/ .......... : 97,747

I Preliminary.


Sept. 30,


FOB-29







Table 68.- Pelnmts: Acreage, yield per acre, production, and
quantity crushed for oil, 1919-38 (1919-35 revised)

: Nuts gathered Pennuts crushed, year
: beginning: October
Year : Yield ror Prodution To :As percent-
a Acreage : acre : J1 I age of
: : i production
t1.000 acres Pounds 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb. Percent

1919 : 957 719 688,270 a 35,215 5.1
1920 : 995 699 695,842 111,779 16.1
1921 a 930 692 678,200 o 115,157 17.0
1922 821 637 523,345 a 31,627 6.0
1923 : 797 713 568,150 18,239 3.2
1924 1,084 658 712,815 68,335 9.6
1925 : 996 725 721,660 : 50,071 6.9
1926 : 850 770 652,190 : 35,006 5.3
1927 a 1,036 777 844,220 6o,s16 7.2
192E : 1,213 695 43,505 : 56,043 6.6
1929 : 1,262 712 89E,197 : 120,764 13.4

1930 1,073 650 697,350 : 69,630 10.0
1931 a 1,140 733 1,055,315 51,464 4.9
1932 : 1,501 627 941,195 65,423 7.0
1933 1,217 673 319,620 : 45,000 5.5
1934 : 1 ,43 679 1,009,950 : 220,282 21.8
1935 : 1,473 779 1,147,225 : 240,223 20.9
1936 : i,606 70 1,253,090 : 295,199 23.6
1937 : 1,500 816 1,224,190 a 251,523 20.5
1938 2/ 1,713 764 1,309,400
I/ In-the-shell basis.
2/ Preliminary.


Table 69.- Perilla seed and oil: Imports, stocks Dec. 31, and
apparent rlisippoerance, 1935-38

nfl.anr: Iriports for consumption : .Apparent


1935
1936
1937
1938 I


year I Seed
:1 000 lb.


2,733
. 3,743
200
2


:Oil c.i'iva.l
a (37 pCrcr-e
1,000 lb.


1,030
1,385
74
1


ant: Oil Total Dec. 31 :disappear-
t) : a: : once
1,000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb.


72,323
117,903
43,591
31,321


73,358
119,2%8
43,665
31,122


12,873
19,761
23,694
13,622


64,257
112,400
39,732
41,894


V/ Preliminary.


- 41 -


FO-29





F0S-29


Table 70.-


- 42 -


Rape oil: Imports, stocks December 31, and
apparent disappearance, 1935-33


S: Apparent
: Stocks :
Year Imports Stocks disap-
: I Dec. 31 : pearance
.A -.-.- I
: 1,000 1000 b. 1,000 lb.

1935 60,298 12,233 2/ 67,549
S1936 63,201 14,214 2/ 67,220
1937 : 5,854 5,002 15,066
1933 2/ : 5,960 2,959 8,003
I

_/ Includes 6,600,000 pounds oil equivalent of imported seed
probably crushed in 1935, and 6,000,000 pounds in 1936.
2/ Preliminary.


Table 71.- Sesame seed and oil: Production, imports for con-
sumption, stocks December 31, and apparent disappearance,
1935-3S

Sesame seed
: Imports : Imports *
Caleda Oil :Total oil: :: Oil :Totnl oil
year e : eqiv- : equiv- .Calendar : equiv- : equiv-
Seed year leed
: : alet : nt : nt : alent : talent
: :(45 pct) : and oil : :(45 pct): and oil
1,000 1,000000 100 : :1,000 1,000 "1,000
: lb. lb. lb. : : lb lb. b

1935 : 146,394 65,377 66,2- : 1937 11,o65 4,979 43,999
1936 117,795 53,003 56,574 : 193 1/ : 6,816 3,067 10,107

Sesrme oil
Factoryi Imports Itocks : Apparent
production: Inedible : Ediblo I Total Dec. 3i:disappear-
: :*o; oInce
1.000 Ib. 1,000 lb. 1.0L 0 Ib, 1,000 Ib. 1,000 Ib. 1.000 lb,

1935 : 64,77 11 360 371 11,322 56,682
1936 51,261 49 3,317 3,366 11,573 54,376
1937 / 4,579 1/ 39,020 39,020 5,485 50,087
193 / : 2/ 3,067 -- 040 7,040 205 15,387

1/ Prelim.in.ry.
2/ Oil equivalent of imports of raw materials; factory production not
separately reported.
3/ Less than 500 pounds.






Table 72.,-Soybean oil, crude: Production, trade, stocks, December 31,
and apparent disappearance, 1935-38

Calendar : Factory : : Net Stocks .:Apparent
yer produc- : Imports :.Exports importss :D : disap-
-: tion : 1/ 1/: :pearance
1 1,000 b. 1,000 I..1,000 l 1000 b. 1 0 lb. 1,000 ib.

1935 105,056 14,249 4,111 10,138 31,090 103,111
1936 225,297 4,217 3,954 263 34,416 222,234
1937 ; 194,411 22,259 5,748 16,511 62,317 183,021
1938 2/ : 323,343 2,656 6,412 31-3,556 76,709 305,395

I/ Excludes free for export beginning 1936.
2/ Preliminary.
/ Net exports.

Table 73.-Soybean oil, crude: Production, trade, stocks September 30,
and apparent disappearance, 1934-35 to 1937-38

Year Factory t : : Net im- :Stocks at :Apparent
beginning : produo- : Imports a Exports : ports 1/: end of :disappear-
Oct. : tion : I/ : : : period : ance
S100 lb.b 1000 1000 b 1000 lb. 1000 l.b. 1,0 b.

1934-35 a 78,123 13,320 3,811 9,509 14,226 88,260
1935-36 : 208,965 6,720 4,396 2,324 39,172 186,343
1936-37 : 183,711 21,789 4,884 16,905 36,077 203,711
1937-38 2/ : 279,279 3,198 6,656 3/-3,458 56,657 255,241
1 Excludes free for export beginning 1935-36.
.2 Preliminary.
SNet exports.

Table 74.-Soybeans:. Acreage, yield per acre, production, and
quantity crushed, 1935-38

:: :Beans crushed,year
Soybean acreage Beans gathered :beginning October
Year :Equivalent: Acreage : Acreage : : :As per-
:of total : (except :from which: Yield : Produo- : Total :centoag
: solid : for :beans are : per : tion : :of bean-
:acreage 1/: hay) 2/ :gathered 3/: acre : ::gathered
: 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
a acres acres acres Bushels bu. bu. Percent
I
1935 a 7,111 3,111 2,697 16.5 44,378 25,181 56.7
1936 : 6,646 3.395 2,132 14.1 29,983 20,619 68.8
1937 7,005 3.525 2,549 17.8 45,272 30,310 67.0
1938 /: 7.789 4147 2,898 19.9 57,665
See Bulletin 59 for notes 1 to 3.
/ Preliminary.


FOS-29


- 43 -






FOI-29


fablo 75.- Qun tity Jf soybooews crueh.d in the United States,
annually wid by quarters, 1935-39


,' i I
Onlendar a Yenr be.- ITnuary- r A ril- IJuly-Sep- October-
Year s year : gi nig I "rch unQe tember December
: ; Octobor : a I
:I,000 bu. 1,000 bu. 1.000 bu. 1.0:0 bu. 1.000 bu.l 1.000 bu.

1935 : 12,308 25,131 2,662 2,239 2,19a 5,209
1936 26,740 20,619 7,232 6,792 5,34) 6,76
1937 21,707 30,310 6,780 4,352 2,719 7,857
193S 34,979 d,932 6,925 6,596 12,526
1939 1/: 13,169
I/ Preliminary.

Table 76.- Soybeansa Imports for cor-sunption and exports, 1935-38

Calendar year 3 Imports for a Inspected
: coi:suMption I for export
S1.000 bu. 1.000 bu.

1935 a 4 1,570
1936 a 3 1,920
1937 17 1/ 1,431
1938 2/ 3 2,052
I/ Beginz-irng 1937, douootic exports.
2/ Preliminary.


Table 77.- Sunflower oil: Inports, stocks:
1935-38


Dec. 31, and apparent disappearance,


: Imports for co:.Lauption a 'Apparent Imports
Calendar : Ia : Stocks, I disap- p of
year : Edible t Ino.ible : Total : Dec. 31 ipearance I seed l/
: I I I
: 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1.000 lb, 1,000 lb.


1935
1936
1937
1938 2


37,052
24,714
172
2


207
541
307
75


37,259
25,255
479
77


1,024
250


* 36,874
2t,029
729
77


665
514
496


I/ Snall quontitisn of sunflo'evo seed nro imported for roastii:, planting,
etc., but practically none for crushi:ig.
2/ Preliminary.


I1


"44.




SFOS-29


Table 78-a.- Teaseed oil: Imports into the United States,
chiefly from Hongkong, 1936-38

Calendar :
year : Imports
year
: 1,000 lb.

1936 : 7,904
1937 : 2/ 27,492
1938 / : 11,855


I/ Includes 20,810 pounds from Kwantung, and 20,318 pounds from the
Netherlands.
/ Includes 112,899 pounds from Kwantung.
3/ Preliminary.

Compiled from Foreign Commerce and Navigation of the United States. Not
separately reported prior to 1936


Table 79.- Tung oil: Imports, stocks Dec. 31,
and apparent disappearance, 1935-38

Calendar Imports for : Stocks, : Apparent
year : consumption : Dec. 31 : disappearance
: 1,000 lb. 1,o000 b. 1000 lb.

1935 : 120,059 19,008 132,546
196 : 134,830 28,981 124,857
1937 : 174,885 48,656 155,210
1938 1/ 107,456 61,199 94,923


1/ Preliminary.


Table 82.- Vegetable tallow: Imports, and apparent disappearance,
1935-38

Calendar : Imports for Apparent
year consumption :disappearance
: 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb.

195 : 81 81
1936 : 2,977 2,977
1937 : 8,098 8,098
1938 / : 274 274


I/ Preliminary.









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Table 89.- Neat'.s foot oil: Production, exports,
stocks, Dec. 31, and apparent disappearance,
1935-38
: : Appa-
Calendar : Pro- : : Stocks : rent
year : due- : Exports : Dec.31 : disap-
: *tion : : pear-
: : : : ance
:1.000 lb. 11000 lb. 1000 lb. 1,000 lb.

1935 .......: 6,155 887 1,699 5,921
1936 .......: 6,257 707 1,901 5,348
1937 .......: 5,159 907 1,826 4,327
1938 IJ....: 4,120 845 1,298 3,803
1/ Preliminary.

Table 90.- Oleo oil: Production, trade, stocks, December 31, and
apparent disappearance, 1935-38

Calendar : : Imports : Net Stocks : Apparent
year "roductior for com.: Exports : exports : Dec.31 : disap-
ya: : sumption: : : : pearance
:1,0 b. 000 00 lb. 1,000 lb. 1.000 lb. 000 b. 1,000 lb.

1935 : 74,558 1,626 9,251 7,625 4,900 67,841
1936 : 98,022 63 9,131 9,068 4,326 89,528
1937 : 74,987 2 5.711 5.709 6,351 67,253
1938 / : 88,346 --- 5,360 5,360 5.954 83,383


i/ Preliminary.


Table 91.- Olco
as percentage


oil and oleosteqrine production
of total of both commodities,
1935-38


Calendar : Oleo : Oleo-
year oil : stearine /
Percent Percent

1935 : 64.1 35.9
1936 : 66.5 33.5
1937 : 63.3 36.7
1938 2/ : 65.7 34.3

/ Reported as stearine, animal edible.
2 Preliminary.


POS-29


- 51 -





Fos-29


52 -
Table 93.- Oleo stock: Production and exports,
specified years,
1935-38
Calendar : Produc- : Exports
Exports
year tion
: 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb.

1935 : --- 3,378
1936 : --- 3,bl6
1937 : --- 2,656
1938 / --- 2,874
1j Preliminary.


Table 94.- Stearine, animal, edible: Production, trade, stocks
December 31, and apparent disappearance, 1935-38
(Net exports are indicated by a minus sign)

Calendar : Imports : :Net ex- : Stocks : Apparent
year :Production: for : Exports :ports or: Dec.31 : disap-
: :consumption :net imports : pearance
:1.000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,000 1000 lb. 1000 lb.

1935 : 41,755 9,201 1,261 7,940 5,722 47,235
1936 : 49,306 5,317 1,153 4,164 5,758 53,434
1937 : 43,536 3,745 601 3,144 5,306 47,132
1938 : 46,137 400 181 219 4,527 47,135

iJ Preliminary.


Table 95.- Tallow, edible: Production, trade, stocks December 31,
ard .ppnrent disappearance, 1935-38
(Net exports are indicated by a minus sign)

: : Imports : : Net : : Apparent
Calendar :Production: for :Exports : exports : Stocks : disap-
year : consumption :or net : Dec. 31 : pearance
: imports
:1.000 lb. 1,000 Ib. 1,00011,000 lb. 1.000 lb. 1.000 lb.

1935 : 73,893 2/ 536 5 6 12,009 68,094
1936 : 98,117 9,758 709 9,049 9,087 110,088
1937 : 78,144 10,652 267 10,385 8,890 88,726
1938 3 : 93,481 75 260 185 7,506 94,680
I Included with inedible tallow.
SProbably includes some inedible tallow. See table 96.
Preliminary.





- 53-


Table 96- .tallamw,


inedible: Apparent production, trade, stocks December
31, and consumption 1930.38


Appatent i Imports : S 'k : n-
CGlen8i' k produc- : jor con- : Exports Net Stocks, a Con-
.yea .. .Ion a su option. : imports Dec. 31 ,sumption
t -J90 1t. 1,1O lb.' 1,000 lb rooo0 lb. 1,000 lb. 1,000 lb.

1935 : 441,682 245,851 1 245,851 295,660 718,357
193d s 608,228 68,956 ,813 66,123 244,037 725,974
1937 *: 624,911' .3,851 883 2,968 195,998 675,918
1938 / 762,230 1,229 469 760 194,947 764,041
SClassifioation in Foreign Commerce and Navigation indicates that this item
is shown with other greases. 2 Preliminary.


Marine Animal Oils

Table 98.- Marine animal oilsF Production, trade, stocks Dec. 51, and
apparent disappearance, 1935-38
S: : Net a :Apparent
Calendar p Production: Importsports orts imports :. Stocks : disap-
year Dec. 31 spearanoe
:1,000 lb. 1,000 b. 1,000 lb. 1,000 b. 1,000 lb.
I
1935 240,464 78,592 3,276 75,316 191,594 320,209
1936 -300,334 93,807 2,154 91,653 214,115 369,466
1937 267,972 122,748 1,949 120,799 216,441 386,445
1938 2/ s 248,455 84,700 2,677 82,023 259,445 287,474
]y Imports for consumption. 2/ Preliminary.

Table 100.- Marine mammal oils: Production, trade, stocks December 31,
and apparent disappearance, 1935-38
a Whale oil and sperm-whale oil : Seal :Whale c
g Pr auction Imports for orsumptiuan :Appar-: oil :sperm-
1: : .a a :sent : whale,
Calendar: :Sporm- : Sperm-: :Stcks: dis- :Imports:and seal
year :Whale % whale :Total :Whale : whale :Total : Dee.: ap- : for : oil
: oil : oil : oil : oil t : 31 :pear- : con- :Totalp-
S' : : : 1 anoe : sump- :parent
S : : : : : : tion ;disap-
:: : : : : : : spearance
S1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
: lbe lb. lb. lb. Ib. Ib. lb. lb. Ib. Ib.
1935 1 8,569 1,503 10,072 20,240 2,833 23,073 15,655 32,767 --- 32,767
1936 .29,652 1,510 31,162 17,570 10,526 28,096 36,241 38,672 4 38,676
1937 s67,891 1,306 69,197 44,444 10,327 54,771 91,306 68,903 93 68,996
1938 2/ _56,693 1,364 58,057 12,806 9,266 22,072 82,273 89,162 / 89,162
i/ Excludes stocks in bonded warehouses of 22,450,000 pounds in 1935 and 3,080,000
pounds in 1936; such stocks not reported since 1936. 2Preliminary.
3/ Less than 500 pounds.


F08029





- 54 .


FOS-29


Table 101.- Fish oilel Production, trade, stocks Dececber
31, and apparent disappearance, 1935-38
(Net exports are indicated by a minus sign)

a : Imports i t Net in- i rn
Calendar 'Produotion I for a Exports a ports or: Stocks z Adisep-
year : con- : I net i Dec. 31 :pearance
: i -.suption: : exports a :
S* 1,000 lb. 1000 lb. 1.000 lb. 1.000 lb. 1.000 lb. 1.000 lb.
I


1935
1936
1937
1938


I
I


228,641
266,836
196,583
18s,309


868
1,287
1,243
528


3,276
2,14
1,949
2,677


-2,408
- 867
- 706
-2,149


164,216
160,542
106,462
146,160


232,420
269,643
249,957.
146,462


1/ Preliminary.

Table 103.- Fish-liver oils: Production, trade, stocks
December 31, and apparent disappearance, 1935-38

i : Imports : : :
Calendar : Production : for : Net : Stocks, : A aren'tt
year a con- : imports : Dec. 31 i eara
: : sumption: : pea
S1,000 lb. 1000 b. 1000 1000 b. 1.000 lb.

1935 a 1,751 54,651 54,651 11,723 55,022
1936 I 2,336 64,420 64,420 17,332 61,147
1937 a 2,192 66,641 66,641 18,673 67,492
1938 9/ : 2,089 62,100 62,100 -31,012 51,850

/ Preliminary.

Minor Vegetable Oils

Table 165.- Imports of aloond, croton, and poppy oils,
1935-38
Calendar I Almond I Croton I Poppy
year : oil oil a oil
S 1.000 lb. 1,000 lb. .1000 lb.


1935
1936
1937
1933 1/


212
86
93
87


1/ Preliminary.






- 55 -


Oleomargarine: Production and materials used in manufacture,
Thited States, May 1937 and 1938, March-May 1939


Item


Oleo oil
Oleostearine
Lard, neutral
Oleo stock
Beef fat
Total animal

Cottonseed oil
Soybean oil
Peanut oil
Corn oil
Cottonseed stearine
Total domestic
vegetable 2/

Coconut oil
Babassu oil
Palm-kernel oil
Palm oil
Riceoil 3]
Total foreign
vegetable 4/

Total fats and oils

Milk
Salt and other
miscellaneous


Production of oleomargarine


: ME
1937
: 1,000
: lb.

: 1,122
275
: 151
: 115
: ---


S

S
S
S


S
S
S


S: 1939 I/
193 : Mar Apr. May


1,000
lb.


1,354
274
114
152


1,000
Ib.


1,326
271
112
95


1,000
lb.


1,032
237
94
81


1,000
lb.


1,001
290
77
73
22


1.563 1,394 1.804 1,44 1,463

12,557 9.958 9,678 7,483 6,780
1,490 2,053 5,452 4,925 5,568
194 257 203 178 194
118 11 51 27 24
-- -- --- 1

14.359 12,279 15,384 12.613 12.567

4,094 7,759 4.729 3,428 2,964
2,617 685 1,596 1,247 1,323
834 470 173 126 8
157 --- --- 1
--- 1 --- -- ---

7.702 8.932 6,498 4.801 4,296

23,724 23,105 23,686 18,858 18.326

5,244 5,509 5,861 4,561 4,498

1,346 1,267 1,316 1,078 1,053


: 28,745
*


28,516 29,417 23,325 22,699


1/ Preliminary.
2/ Ordinarily domestically produced.
B/ ureau of the Census; probably imported from
Not domestically produced.


Japan.


Computed from Bureau of Internal Revenue records and Internal Revenue
Bulletin.


POS-29




uNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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