Poultry and egg situation

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Material Information

Title:
Poultry and egg situation
Physical Description:
v. : ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service
Publisher:
The Bureau
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Creation Date:
May 1949
Frequency:
quarterly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Poultry industry -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Egg trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
Bibliography of agriculture
Citation/Reference:
Predicasts
Citation/Reference:
American statistics index
Citation/Reference:
Index to U.S. government periodicals
Statement of Responsibility:
Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with PES 1 (Jan. 1937); ceased with PES-308 (Dec. 1980).
Issuing Body:
Issued by: Agricultural Marketing Service, Dec. 1953-Mar. 1961; Economic Research Service, May 1961-Dec. 1977; and: Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, Mar. 1978-Dec. 1980.
General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
Description based on: PES-301 (Mar. 1979).
General Note:
Previously classed: A 93.20: and A 88.15/2:

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000502977
oclc - 04506769
notis - ACS2711
lccn - 79643440 //r81
issn - 0032-5708
sobekcm - AA00005304_00011
Classification:
lcc - HD9437.U6 A33
ddc - 338.1/7/6500973
System ID:
AA00005304:00089

Related Items

Succeeded by:
Poultry and egg outlook & situation

Full Text




SI UNE1 7,A.1


SIT I iATI C NI


.. I .A .% B6F .. ..
:.., BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS:,
S.... UNITED STAT DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

PES-136 MAY -JUNE 1949


In
I.
* 2.


this Issue:
Egg Price Support Program for 19119 Background, Objectives, Activities
Commercial Brollers and Farm Chickens; Distinctions in USDA Statistical Series


COMMEiRCI.L BROILERS: PRICE AND PRODUCTION
AS PERCENTAGE OF ALL CHICKENS, 1934-48
u0a OkiII


, I. I ..


PRODUCER PRICE AS PERCENT OF
FARM PRICE OF ALL CHICKENS


1 II i i l I I I I


PRODUCTION
CHICKEN


1935
U.S DKPAIrTYMENT OF AGRICULTUREm


AS PERCENT OF TOTAL
MEAT PRODUCTION


I. .4


i I I I


1940


I i I


1945


1950


NED. A7241 X BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS


The proportion of U. S. chicken meat supply furnished by commercial broilers has
risen from about 5 percent in the mid 1930's to nearly 30 percent in 1949. This year
it probably will be even higher. At the same time that broiler output has been rising
relative to production of other chickens, broiler prices have declined compared with
Father chicken priced. Fifteen or twenty years ago broilers were a delicacy consumed
., sacipally in the summer months, but now they are so widely used that they compete the
asarsround with other classes of chickens. Recently on some markets, broilers have been
bticed lower than mature birds.


&-60
. ..'.. W6o"-

,- .. r. -


i .:. : :. :
If:i...


100
PERCENT


---Iii- wimmeiiiii ---------------- m -------------------------------------------------


III I II I i I


-


I









'I,,


the Pounlty mad g Situotim at a OmeS "


Iit :Ma4nth a 1 946 : 19409 o.th. Am U4" l OgeMea -o ao t aitatifl
I I 1 1 1 1 l I l


*I_________Et_________*_m____


Production sMil.doa.mApril

age number of layers on farmas Milliml do.
of lay per hi Number do.

apent civilian per aspitas I
leasppearmnce do. nMarch
frozen egg production sL1.lb. do.
r drled egg production a do. I do.
SOt.per
Prices received by farmers a dos. iApril
itces received by famers an a i
percentage of parity sPersent I do.
Retail price (BLE) *CLpfrdoaMarah
: .gg-feed ratio .Lb.feed uApril
Stocks:
I 1,000 I
Shell aomens do.

Frose : do. do.

Dried Mil.lb. do.

Chicks hatched by ommerlal a
hatcheries a Millaons do.

Chicks placed in 7 roller
areas I/ a do. t do.


Chicks and young ohickese
an farmers
Farm price of poultry ration


Prices received by farmer
for chickens
Prices received by faremers as
percentage of parity
Retail price of chitkens (BAS)
Prices received by farmers
for turkeys

Stocker

Poultry, excluding turkeys

Turkeys

Chicken-food ratio
Turkey-feed ratio
Receipts of poultry at Central
Western Primary Markets,
per plant


SFour-week period for given months.
SEnd of month.


* aI

Sdo. I do.
Del. pean do.
I Mt. a


. Poalry I


a per lb.iApril
* I
:Peroent do.
sC.parlb. March
I I
a do. 'April


I:il. lb.e do.

r do. Ido.
I I
mLb.feed do.
a do. ado.
I I
I 1,000
r lb. do.
I I


498.9

346.7
17.5


84.3


25.8

91
65.1
10.6


523.3

847.8
10.1


59.0
88.0
1.86

42.0

95
60.1
9.0


1986 1185

8620

-- 11.8


262.8 285.9


0.6 e Hay

S89.6 8 do.
18.0 a do,


3.1 April
64.7 1 do.
12.9 s do.

42.8 1 May

94 rdo.
67.9 1April
12.0 a may


650 do.

062 r do.
r
84.7 s do.


309.4 do.


- 21.8 27.9 :rdo.

*I


2.42 4.71 S.S53 do.


20.4 28.0 31.0 sMay

114 99 111 s do.
86.9 64.4 665.5 sApril

21.7 37.4 42.6 May


95.9 150.9 64.9 a do.

62.4 54.8 48.9 do.

6.6 6.9 8.6 a do.
9.8 7.9 12.1 do.


6.6 5.2 10.1 a do.
|


N
.3
'1i


476TB. 47.4 487.1 April predaetiU lse tha 1idhi
Contrary to amal Oasoual patier.
327.T 128.5 381.9
S17.4 18.2 15.2 I Otlahuad high, bat Sat". NrcO .


30.9 84.8 85.6
81.4 68.4 I
1 3.2 11.5 1 Princlpally for delivery to ON0.

26.3 41.6 45.4 1

N 9o0 9 I GOnlativae 20t ameap ia 90.
s35. S0.S 58.9 s
10,6 8.9 12.4


4286 1091 961 a
g Lamst for Eay 1 na. 3920.
226 2865

4.1 47T.1 Nearly all Gwrmn tt-omed-


23.1 I311.8 1949 hatchery enoutpt through April
a to 2 percent larger thm 1948.

20.5 27.4 littAle chaSnge from Aprt1 to Emay
despite dooline Ina bdrler pri.ae


689.2 489.6 5586.1
2.48 4.64 S.81l


20.7

116
17.1

28.0


75.6

42.4

6.6
9.8


28.5

100
65.0

17.8


112.4

41.0

6.1
8.0


286.2 First April to May drop since 1989.

101 a
52.7

18.9 2 Present earketinge meetly
breeder home.



65.7

8.0
10.5

a


10.9 10.8 15.1 e
I


I a I I


I

'~1
3


I_




















o

`4

I -t h I a tt','Q ri Ii f of IS4O

tih f Od supplUr, tiis spr,:Uar, hAt'chipgs of 'bo+,,h
-bA 'b,117119-%D,* Th

,rpnt 'o, VL
ri s'cs V6 bc in I)rdbpo4 "0 ma


Z) gg pr O&C.,-,Lbkbn por AlWouth tiptal
A, 'th lor-'nuinboi o'tr,. i SL jn
far 19,19 ha z ozecoud dcmad at Skj,,;POrtrPX.46b3*
rcry light -In-bQi-st=Lgc movCM011t of, uggs, priccs aro ris inf
cy uft-i4 hasoo,
,Ed-o owW,2uiAg, al-bhougii, -bhb vpIihto" &P-ptr-
49" -hbrt
6: pi,160 fro.s
tv (!r"14

rAll, &04bly vill 'bt n to tha '1rgar
b -pact6d's 'L c i argo hatchery cptput sinac Jtmu -'Prao'h-0
layi fl-bek til tho fall and -r*Lnt cx of 1949 aifgaificwatly lwgcr
;6", rbvgh April wor o 2S pPrcon
';bingz of balq dkicks
gti icAnt
4 4
't)ic vaatity- 'Conl
o rvsta-i' iU a pllircontincroas-o Vbr' latt
!,,Aq4crd of'aldoks and, i6kells on far=#

0 ehiokon urowt rcd*,Ifarrn"fT,&&ks Also vrill
pd =Lbar of baby cheks hatehod,* Inorbasod, Supplies krom
'V'Ot notiembla'ix',t)x-c 1,,st half of, this 'yoar., although%
'4b-jj" jr'O-M :taM ajrctLdy bobr, markatod
j

&,,arr-oA reorAlt hateho,












Turkoy PreAt,
tively Brat 0 5Xt
mubb lomr: as the i Be uUmbe RI
4 WMtIjs of this 7pvrm r at
parted m, Vrq4*"j=')o:f 7 ,put
of last year, lta'fi of
pros Lwr ed
4e-tive Produ2tion
Pl2atifulo Hatchery

A- OMU16wd large m Ot
Froupoet for 44e,' rest of i4'40

through pril he ,irdt' =A* Or, goAfo
ir
and in May, suMoad, ab-t only,-to mcot, dll'
b1A 4qp.rovracl Iovoxtonent.,#u"hazoav The, volWw,
In the nox-b few months vill n&itinue lar& on a(a!i
PUoomomto of ehieks for oomeraial biailora., Urgather t-xi*
q4as of yQung stozk from ftm f lool! a. lix-40djtAb

.Will "be a record highe

In the IhIlo iagE; pro&Wta# wilt be, Ur
prdlmbW tbout iu proportion -tothe i Aa Mus eA m*hcro4t,
e%Ieo-bat-kqn. f(?r, an + in4reas iod laying f lot*, Tq$jowp-, f'z*
5 Perment ., in, hatch e ry output f6r 44ruf tbraiz
'last war* After allowing for tht inprease of markw
broilers And other birds from thio largo Jatdhery. ou
to janua Y "14 '9' m I -I**
r -I Axt+'t

at,
in -ObtMrA'Sm with Z'06'ot poultvy'wta'e

late zunaner of 191S,, Prcs;p4atePtr a+ 04-4 M'Jbm
There U.'3",b'een vo-,aomphftblb
of egga or poultry ylodu ots, Tho i- eau Iti nr, prti--
"Oka
DUrjng:-AP'r!Lj jtte
a mtlnudd: at a hiGh Cvdl& The St* *t'
Provious. April, MW Iler t)i=-' th o -eIO+rIro*ftdjn$,









S


roe
WA,
pril, outp
f",O,
0"
through MaTch
= "101' Oy.
den,
RI
in TVeci areas conti
4-umikol 1, -me at 6, ratv,,
6j4 F-1*'43 perc&i'jxeater 'than
iprp- DOSPiWthd-,prj.bOdroP vihich reddeed Del-
tents,,tpr potftidtrci'eainly April'to late
Of, "144,ek 16, Vv,`been mittained.'
4ve, Od in the 'I aros n, the last two weeks of,
ba rio r,,t -Week of
April e fi Aiarll
40- eo, ratjo, vas'6- viL la, te ;"y
"tri
e4rs, 1941-46



'4t,"Pricas ri'lose duringllw. m priA*s averaging 45*0 eats
re 1A cent's highe, than* iii April' 4nd inbz;e4ueTo.r U
ap-
taletropolilan maike-ts was Oven great6i..', Thp,,,great i-tcioase
,tgrade! eggs, is., probably a, "suli of matmer mather
,6 t, UNp re
tl(ft ,hj4h-qllality, Ogga in the al._run. Of
411A*6 in fart,-.etz il t 0 Ift I a 14jrg-e f.
prices frm Apr,
iot, ;-tha 'y"earu since 1940., t4e 'uy pricehas been lower
4koteli 114 only one Othr _1 reomtvosirp, `thv
fi*q ty, T4 PA 8e, may, b Sit
',Ot ,* the r i eltold by "tite bze balt-
_Arti egg'Proft ction cptqpa this,
*ion,,trend f raim Varqh t* tg.
t*ql;r -ge
og, P LIU lar

bF, tba relatively small voj=e of,,,,pggq,pu in s:,t
;tha, kt.,deral purobaj',qg, prMpted t6a'ppico riSeCf;,*
"'Ance theie were sid subsfAnti s 'in, tt4`
ft progmo in ot,01or A*jaor Mayo Contracta #gde.
Pall f crr Iargigr delivor&-,af dried, egg.ftm pro-
# OuI gairat.U. IA11*10ft.
7 A tpu, 14 Mvyj- nds




lir












bUt so*iaVAvA*I,
yvar. T4e,
It
was not rcoogpizod watil la as boit' low 9,
is oxp;ootod tvt ar* hg _44norl
ahiekms, r4tsed, Tho I t P
Ily MCAla -,,*- is oxP
tho, yoar -bof*6r-*, Doflati
`tkothe, with thoso otkmil
o g-prlipot botwoon no* nud-.1fekil. 6r,,carIr'W* or,,o;
s, mrly,,,Waly that'thc fto,
1 i,, pirti"Oul 0,6asi X, ,
if It a y pri'cos, mi:hor thaW,)tfio
,tho bas'oe This yonr tho Iy ftmi priqu is
Sms.on low,,'vvhilo in somo pastlycars tho May,rtzoltsolf

One possible e6unter-influmqo to',,ifiot boaltixkfte
bovc is tho low lovol.of ogg-,stoaks
till tm,4:to,,arft ftll priobs,- sino
purpos(os., ordi-mrilyzatimfivd-by i-ed stoek,
-G rn=nt!s prit*Q-op T,+
AniAhi6v is tho ovo
cumiUtivo` awrage o-f, 1949 farm. ogg pri(;Loa,
o0ivalont to :90 porcont of part

11'and Frozakf


Through May thorx had,, ;.vbt conany sulwstmAtial-I"
rmto of into-storago -movemant that,*has pruvai Iod solar hijs,
past, ,oars, Juno s ve Olon T
torage aoeumulatloxi& ha b aativ
jdth tho USUal Peak. noIvGMCntS'J)j Aprl aadMq, Y,# r
tivoly cort6in that this ycar"s., pbAk stor 'd
1srgor'rclatj-vo' to,.,pgs,,,Pcaks A" "than pros
tciI,
frozon oggwaro 50 mt 0,4ovkpixrabla, h
Skoll holdings wor"O SI-poric ont- of, Jait 3,ortr d j
from -oities, vbvwad itho thftlp,,
yoft roz a tDcks,, f5 Poe&Dnt.

'On th6 basis of thoso cotTarisons &60, liu-,
tho light oumZt movoment to storAgo, it it uuikcly ;Aav,:6,
pdaks vVill excead 242 miYlion ca'so.8 of sholl, cggs,, wq4 W, miIII
Of trozon ow, Thoso ponks would bc Xbss than 4& wvd 65 ptorp,,
1y;. of 1948 P0.41-0. and.aU"t 50 and:,,75 poyarvt.-ot tba.'1947















npVt resolt -X
A
Xy SHPIIOr'
Iwm, tw Of Lq4q, at
egg,
tat -tpd'w'
ail Ogg f i ent"'Mioaktag
cOxOOV breakiL
"this," Uri 4e,
fw unl
Ve 1,4 T



4-
e nil
V OIiml too 28112 ",Cfm+ts *"about tblsgl"-a8 the;p4oe
ftprices in,,19 1% bad bbem
tb, m4nth ly fa %
x4g'i'her 4ian the, qbi sponding Tridet;,- the


Rejt a
a -ora,. have shar
'4 0 ed
% 14
1* er in
46k-etor` t e changi, rom eai I
as e' of chickms
pal
'fn
tj_th;jil VnMlalt-nditip centerss of b
`the pri, ,h6a '6, s*it, of, pr:ee r e-
ueual prewr prio 4ation,, I*s ln recent yearn
If the upnrd,
it%bs' I chart.) he
Ski %60 `6t, c'pg A), Jjts ,are --b4q;, S tpple-
th' ps
,4,t"
0 'of, e', iid4, -












AU, 4q,





2,7-19' 6'
2.515 2404
1940 4A,
56
1941 3 169 5697
3.03, 674, 18
94'3, A 699,
94-4 4,08, 790
1945 4M9, l0t 44
1946, 4,o2 829,
1947 3,974 886
1948-.!/ 1'1,062


o;r
t
tbau", piowex, stc*S- kbr, Req, OA 'My, 'I,
a Poultry, pa ing P

i" uakm"4idtolb

,q- I I ivw


S-abillslAig:bvU', sdpplil,;w r, 4w
trated iTl the Zall and'em-ly.," eLe'vontbp'j" -4
195-3,9' average, and ti !Movtz,pro of
% Wead tonsimption ov he ytvat. The-AW li 19
3-6 milli*4 :pound-% are abdut ftuble the 19









ila




m ad.Iff4

6otm 'hg
31 qtheism
431* ymoe h5i h
-&rstl-jo 6 et homa
19 14cijgSoo
'icac6 bnte raa








4r, "t
'-The






W-
14 #
Ut Sem*tax7 of
hed Cogm- dities, dt not
Weitlr Uvrsse4 to 90 *w of
'&19is remains tho, cwre

The twvreat- e
V"Oha-sd of dr!04 wholA, gM, '$dA pvoo*
bpl#rtg Ooe 'cantmctg j r AN
leaft 35 6ejats' P'lor dozen., Almt thr6e
pound egg,, Ond.-We,'
P"IftC4,p*' *,f driod
packed in barrels has bee.n,.0106 per

May-31 194% tfieDepsrtmth of Agrfth
Q="dity Or h4"contr"tod 4L
aft(vtatite 16f 0-2 Willion
Thla 44t figx*e is amal:ljr thoft tho', gmse iw*trq-
'Ware Ti
to th,Vfte dattj# Contrs-6ts h,%,wbeAok,A'
witf4n'300" of.,-the *Aard. T417le 2

dite" -CanceLlAtiv 'are- shovai 'i -
I -A I I

ITO miaasiwO Ot

Ot`20, 440
t1h e 43# 1,on pa
tot,411-0*0*6 mi.1 Oh
Mda %W tha# been
or
%


'M
Etter Junp. 1 for June deUvory.-








-777











J3
40e- 32 912
VE

Dept. of 3 a, '12 i .6,04 1.2 .669



-32 3*194

10,I 39 'o.66-.
L
wi 6f A2, ,mij-l loji'
POWft,! MP d, th, th-& t0taa


-e cl ggg, held by GG 0: at# lildtWA b-' d4lIar sslortag,*,
tAporters t6 bpy- Ori_,d',Ogg: wh6ri
In't4e 1/2years f roM the end of the European
-exports pr dried egg..kxavi bef,-n' about
4t -that"the I rftoll 61 lwq:)Oft ixi, thr"Post., 01,,
the it -gcttei vas gvekte t4an ht
food sbQ ago wa!




porksid are in sm''S Instancres approximtt! -or AnticIpAtOdw
oft all of these -md the
'programs are not yet dOnTleted,
P upon delivery condititno,,_ ,acudpg, lqcation., a4d t7pe
w-.;aretade trok rounded'tigiios.
The.prige computati jr -s'
00hasarss Plxs traintfers from p#cE)_3uppbrt :Vtmd
A
Ving bY timej, location;, and paekage typoes.. 1put generally
applixabl-e on other pragravs.
-elm














So Jhn,, FebI W A~pril 4 Ag

100 600 1,000b 000 1, 1 0
1 z o bu iouundo '2Aa
"0 tos
1) a 628

9n 8 273
jam; 15 1 .810
Jani 2: 1
'Jan; 29 1 22013 l
Pob; 5 : 961 9,
F64' 12 :1203
Fobl 19 : 3.96 1 2
Fei26 1 265D05
Mar. 5 2472
Mar;, 12 t 3.,328, > 7oo
Ma re 19 S. 10234 3- 137' ,7
Mar; 296 t 4
Apr' 2 1 406 67
Apr* 9 2; 345 1,2932 3
Apro' 16 : 2s0673.6
Aprfw 23:55 z 961 Q
Ap.30 2 17217
May "T s 125
May -14.5.10
may: 21 s42 1 1
may 28 f -A6

Tatal I
purchasesi -2 *44 5,,213 11,9012 :174325 12,,2GZ So 585 a#2.
W 3.*I








transfers of 7 1 'llion toun .ds tor Bizonia and the United
financed pga royilp o the Economic Coppr~ation
TIs prto4 Cefi k" 5'63 on*2 6iki t
mu (4 as one-hWl hp 000 bokWat i u~rpl commodit.e, :6
qe con cessh _A ce Wr,, to"Vr6Mt 6reign utlets Lf ,odatt
3ig in tria 41eo* 'an ghM. Otherwise, Price on t
Ason wul be, at nsdeof Cq#itluns
-ha 0db ia' 8vr~nll, ta cne-st dIf s p oal..1icies fole dri-ed tg
Pede 4 he, kaze principles whiichtile Agritultuval Act oa
-'"1 O=

tu,, iiiiiiIties


N or d$peat I of agircia lurlcommoditis h
pditibns adre' hit the 6M0 shall. not sell dried -whole :egg for less than
a layest of hs tbre*:
( Cst including handling costs

(b) A pri ce halfway between the support -price
and the equivalent of parity,
()Aprice equivalent to 90 lece of parity'

heatipulated exceptions to these pponditions 'are applicable to
',ghle, egg. Exeeptions under which dried'Le4.7 can be sold for less
e lowest of the three cited prices include sales for new or by.-,
uses,- sales of product which has deteriorated or stands in danger
rioration sal~e6 to establi sh". olalms, 'and' sales for other thAn
Aay Wes. in the ca se of dried egg oher than for human food).-
13







At present the I00 ha5 uno egg stocks o the 6r than the inventory of
qgg which wa$ acquired: for price support. -The frozen egg inventor
We Corporation, amounting, to 37. 5 trillion pouindl, -was transferred to .......
6 Ocno -cCooprio Adinstration late in 1948. About.17.5 million
sid of ths asNock were exported in frozen form, Part of the remainder
S been converted to dried formi in this country, and the balance, amoun't-,
S6.1 4'llion Pounds in mid-May, is now in process of conversion under,:'
toO~ witnb 00atng as agent for ECA,


Ah a provided /to. the Secretary of- Agriculture: to: create additional
atifr pjiis: agricultural products. .h 'I nds are- equivalent to
X'cn fteU .cutm eeps hi nm eie o h
............ Pti iiaioii0i4hGznrs i hc.thyaedeiatd









Ove r 'he Mps veyak r php bfien
ng roprtirdtthd 9. So 1api; ',A Paug ,
*01e r industry, a sestct "r thepw fi4sk VhIIz
",4xt 20. yearlg agpy Provi"4,'abo-t 50 pe'rc~olt of t gJIIgN
aat( in 194a.. A declini-,ng, p~ortlon bf `44( iotal '5Y b'ay
produced by farm chIcke e iet9 fie hceqE
4,a byproduct of egg product There are also sOecialized fa ,,
whichh are ganag1ge ,rincapdl orPrchKidkpp te4t Vrd, ftorio OqtsA4 c t
broiler classificatiorl, tp s6 have a w 1atll Imtvat 1A(
with either' the egg-laying, rt rp es ty h( spe4) ydbdT91
ations T~hese specialized me -pro'ducixT, 'b-rds" other :hah bA le
reported, however, as farm chickons.)

Because of the differeipoes between the. commercial broile~r.aW 4
farm ch-.ickbn enterprisesI it is Often necessary to apply. 5,hrA be
to these two segmenytst of the poultry industry t1h ordft- to explain'
anticipate production and markgti'ng developMerits] 'Ihereforel thiqt
presents the definition which is used to identify commercial broiW
describes the statistical data which a rt- available to prmi~t s.
analyses: of the wo segments, of th~e industr#7

In -the definition of the Bureau of Agricultural. Economist
broilers are meat birds whlch -satisfy the following condition
normaly M~ke ted at, 2 to 4 poundseclvwiht re4
Qroes bas d on hav breeds; 'and, (c) No Sex D'istimetion-' a, e
time., the entire brood, females as well as males, are sold"Vithot
tinction as to sex.. The last consideration, the identical treat
pilliets and cockerels., provides the most important distinction, bet
commercial broilers and broiler's produced incidental to the reatirc
pullets, fo~r laying flock. replacement.

Estimates of Production and Numbers

For 1934 and the years since,, the Bureau ~of Agriatultural Ec
has made annual estimates by States. of the number'. -c qmme rp i
raised, their average eight, and the average price received'b4p
The.1948 estimates of these data covered 38:3tates,-each 'ofWhi6h,
more than one-half milli on'commer cial broilers'. rTie nutabersand,,,
data in these series art fully comparable bi th the 'corresponding J&,
relating to farm chickens. Data for both. commercial broilers, a~nd,
chickepsan. published in -the 'annual report jIr,3ucdqein, Vz-lue, and
sition of Chickens and, Epgs' The annual Paoe Lda~t4 _for broilers
in the same release are derived differtently- from the U. S. ehdck0%-
data by, a procedure which will be discussed. bel~ov.

For 'periode, shorter than the calendar year, there are sta Us
series -which show the current and prospective level of poultry p











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