Poultry and egg situation

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Material Information

Title:
Poultry and egg situation
Physical Description:
v. : ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service
Publisher:
The Bureau
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Creation Date:
January 1949
Frequency:
quarterly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Poultry industry -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Egg trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
Bibliography of agriculture
Citation/Reference:
Predicasts
Citation/Reference:
American statistics index
Citation/Reference:
Index to U.S. government periodicals
Statement of Responsibility:
Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with PES 1 (Jan. 1937); ceased with PES-308 (Dec. 1980).
Issuing Body:
Issued by: Agricultural Marketing Service, Dec. 1953-Mar. 1961; Economic Research Service, May 1961-Dec. 1977; and: Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, Mar. 1978-Dec. 1980.
General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
Description based on: PES-301 (Mar. 1979).
General Note:
Previously classed: A 93.20: and A 88.15/2:

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000502977
oclc - 04506769
notis - ACS2711
lccn - 79643440 //r81
issn - 0032-5708
sobekcm - AA00005304_00011
Classification:
lcc - HD9437.U6 A33
ddc - 338.1/7/6500973
System ID:
AA00005304:00085

Related Items

Succeeded by:
Poultry and egg outlook & situation

Full Text





SIT NATION
-BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
S.UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
,.- JANUARY 1949





POTENTIAL LAYERS, PERCENTAGE OF PULLETS, AND
RATE OF LAY, JANUARY I, AND TOTAL EGG
PRODUCTION ON FARMS, 1931-48

PRODUCED
(BILLIONS)
Egg production" -

S140
.*' Potential layers
30
e -._-.-.PERCENTAGE
AY Rate of lay OF PULLETS
S Percentage of pulleys 75

ci in 60

45
1931 1936 1941 1946 1951
PRELIMINARY

P.: #t4 ENT OF AGRICULTURE NEG. 47074. X BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS



The number of potential layers on January I has been declining since 1944 but, with
|iiiing rates of production per bird, total production has been fairly stable. The per-
agef:". pullets i1- U. S. laying flocks at the beginning of each year has increased
"ghtly -dring the past two decades. On the average a chicken lays somewhat more eggs
:4t. first.production year than in years following. However, it appears that most of
i increase in rate of lay is the result of progress in breeding and in flock manage-
t. As a result of the rise in output per bird, the Nation's demand for eggs is being
i "th relatively fewer layers.








































:.


production ................... Ml. dos. a
number of layers on farms Million a
lay per hen ............... Number I
rat civilian per capital a a
Fsappearance ................... do. I
an egg production ............. Ml1. lb.
ia. gg production ...............a do.
a-received by farmers ........ .Ct.per dozs.
received by farmers an a i
preentage of parity ............. Percent a
f11 price (BAE) ................ :Ct.per dot.,

-feed ratio .................... Lb. feed


:".
pell ........................... 1,000 cases:
:rosen .......................... : do.
Dried ...........................: Mil. lb.

Ioks hatched .................... Million a

aential layer on forms 1/ / ...: do. :
Hens and pullets of laying age ... do. :
Pullets not of laying bge .......: do.
hrm price of poultry ration ......: Dollars


254.5
372.8
7.5

24.4


36.0

87
47.8

15.9


do. 495
do. 2,522
do. ---

do. 26

do. 432
do. 3B1
do. 51
do. 2


.2

.7
.3
.4
.3


310.9
389.2
9.6

29.4
a.0
0.3
58.7

95
71.4

12.0


336.8 a
379.5
10.6

30.4
0.8
0.9

82
78.2

14.6


196 157
3,685 2,811
33.2 25.4

33.5 54.7

427.9 416.1
392.9 383.2
35.0 32.9
1 4.69 3.62:
"|I


Record for December. .
Domn 3 percent.
Op 11 percent; a record for the m! |

Demand continues strong. ...
Q:; =.::

Domn 5.5 awts from NWavmber.'-


Highest sines 1920.

Most favorable for mooth si li t 9 '



Second lowest on record.

Mostly Governmat-owned.

A record for the month.

3 percent dowamn from last year.
Down 2 percent.
6 percent fewer. 4
Doamn 23 percent.


Poultry


i *,oss received by farmers for a
., dickens ........................ :Ct. per lb.:
prices received by farmers as a :
percentage of parity ............: Percent
ijttail price of chickens (BAE) .... :Ct. per lb.:


Finces received by farmers for :
turkeys ......................... :

Stocks a1/

Poultry, excluding turkeys ......
S urkeys .........................

itcken-reed ratio ................

lurkey-feed ratio ..................


uipts of poultry at Central
iatern Primary Markets, per
ant ........................... I


do.



ml. lb. a
do. I

Lb. feed :

do.



1,000 lb. :


Dec. 19.1 25.2 30.7

do. 108 90 109 a
Nov. 38.5 55.0 59.7

Dec. 25.6 3U.0 51.6



do. 158.5 234.9 110.5
do. 49.9 82.6 50.7

do. 8.4 5.2 8.5

do. 11.1 8.0 14.3



do. 20.6 17.8 13.4 :


Highest on record for manth.


Highest on record for month.

All-time record high.



Lowest since 1938.
Lowest since 1964.

Most favorable for month asrtelr ..

Most favorable for month ainae 18
":" .


Sbd of the month.
1938-47 average.


'=: .*.. ..r .
..: : *: K:. B
W: :. ""
A::,.:... :: :


i







71 ,V


I . .
WARY

rt'4 Mb er of layers on f bxms in 1949,
t 45 ame as'' 3a 147." The' rat,,of I;a,.y
v
ita-4, f0r, 194 T -t 144
n dotens for pric support
*% t vurb S es
tban were.acquir 4 7
ed undei- 19
foj61gn-SfAppy programs:,,..
:7,
"o

tigjor thAn a vear earlter'O Rut EL continued high- rateof lay
`Of -qut-liiig- expect d a4i r t ha If of 941 is: 1:ikely*
410-19mallier, lnuqbe'r', of' layers, As a resnIlt, farm `egg produbtiwi
x''%' Z of tbg.. =:na.y 'be a 8' La.
ye in th.,g,.j
of xw,6

,Ogg PriI es wil-no 'b'e mU ch -dif fer adt: fr, On bhoa 0 of, A -year
Oeo aainwill 'be slipiaAed at '50'Perc,=t of par:ity.:': The,
el "depends Dn moveiiients :in I;he indet of pr i c e s, 'pa; Id b3r farmer;,'a
Pqotier- 1948 th is`index stood at 247,conpared V141 th 245 in
A,,_dIK1-a;jd'the J6nua.ry--Jne.,.146 average af 4,9:

t-toaks of fkozeu, and dried eggla W&e:gL:ll I el ow a
r, 4=u'ary' 1., 19 40, Shell eg stocks were'the -second I owdd-b
zii,4t v n'th egg -product ioii la the vAjit or. Mb#ths inc r6as'ing: rela"'.
Qtj%L peilind of the y6ar,.'the need of'shell e996
iii Alfth van sturaje 9-perAt6rs: dissatisie(IVllth resultd:
nz,,'szjd uncertdin about the fuur-q.m()vement 6f'pIrioes t'ho
't,,of sh-ell eggs thi,,! srrint ka 'Ie- no' la'rgg!r than,.
-beZtnt!ng:, of 1 49 ro,
Aost ofthe driel-egg stocks atthe 9 we


k")%rmurs intentions as of January 1, to, purchaze.poults indicate
'0 _1949 may:- be %b'6zLt,'25'pq.Fqvntt larger
in. 1949-o The lar ges-t inox ms e6, ar'o
,$b-'r1h L Ce,.Mtral and,,"S outh,.AtUntiq regiom,., Turkey. prices ftritv,_.
ar, werEi the- hi,hest ofi.record:in e4cli month ana feed, pric-es
e'd t Uatially Io r hraugh the hitching' t. en s bz
o' contbave, subs'
were a year.

The #to,-4stora 6: mv7jeiit of -turkeys: from Dzt6ber"14- to JarluaVy
poqrds,, 6n. 18,.pereent snkallar -pqy=,qnt`than a e
of't ti6ry, mr1ceys tTa-n '1549 w6rqthe smallest
144'*,, 04A "*ng t 6 P,011,1try Otb t, th
or thazL -t-QTkeys and.dvQks, a e -Startl*
in ll'yearo" H'OW07C-' 'nereased mar,-jCetjng4;, of'
1, r-4 ";A"- W MO's oT fs, et th.a simllor 'suppl-ibb OP, Tarrh phIO', v-,',`;
atp 644 xe i!4g th e f ir s t tb o,
ers are expo tax
broil' qted'dLirino the fir's t qllwr
e eiat month4,.








even toe






Jay Ji nu 1h 19] M z
the year. Theuvr tren Inathe rat
curren 1egg returns ar ben oefvt ao
y ars.levn h t he inraei9oplto9scol0-1

nTiller athe amajn1htdXng~nallggi
dogbsprice relationships then in 1948'


3~e of laers Novebr 1,, 1949,
Lon3PI-2tfrom Yoem e ar 1 t Deeer 1
iiiiii er 2 i i aia y a '
o3 -p eent fan : the






Du'e represent th19a68t nar potential layinrsul
1941., ind isDercentber o th11394 a7.g?.B
TheDury1 14 oe all pe rentage ofJnay1198wr
N Ut Alntic 99i percet;SuhA)m-c9 eat Es 16
9a ffront; estsi orth Centlra95pret oh.erl95

ofpotentia layers vas thersals nsvea er.Mr
Th-f pie relations hpthnilae14,g fvrb ,
I l i ........
3 ecn ne ovebr1 97 h-.S esa' ereu

laesiiiNvebr1toDcmbr1iivvr vs8poc-t
aii deraeo ecn nte a eido -4. Ti
Decembe 1,14 []r o 3 uio,pecn e o
DuigDeebr198 otnillaesderae 4ptep4-o

7 ereniiiDcebei147
.2 e o e a piiig e l n ro u u t l '9 8 to
199va esihaiiiihaebenepetd.iimte~xeree
yer.Utlti atflptnillyr agr 4e4o

fH or a p o r is v l s al1o e c n a e o ug s ,n m e s a
192 isya Jnaynubr wr 3. eanto ugs
711iereniiiirealir
Thiiiiiiiitntaiay n f ok onJ ngm .194'
10iiliniidiiiiiitaiievrtm pa f J 6 W I
Janar 1,14.7ee-eeaot28ptnillyr e'
Janar 1,14 s'oprd o ,9aYa ailr A'Vd







IIt
449 I





4 optt a' e,


a A
- Irmm~e.o-M
I~~- r ...................
LRA C
IPI 5. 9
9 7 09 .9 66 6 68 ,7 .
9I98.98.
8868. 795'21
79 7;.
-2x 54,5
863 I01 ., 3 7,

770'702














A,

The mpmbor f tj,14ter tot d,,
was the small"t, vo
9'y"r q of rq6or-A
toward a cbing',of 6ook, e
,Arlier hat
J:
20_ 'Nllot'S aot' JDf JLYJ4
4- 1
`4' ;A
4 44444
7-


'AUG. I I I ftt
1A


ma
6 5.2 p "g to
W 6. 42 161L,6'
'I'M 347'7 Z20,4
4 .0 ., Q,,
4
41a4 7. 241"
1946
1947 270. 6 198#Z 124
-I ao 1/, :248.4, 18Q'O'
'a, L'IL Il I" -4
-t4 `I

-2 47o'2 4-0
41 51' :U41 1, 4L4 5
51 44 j4,9 'j,
'52,4, so, 3
u[44 I 4
'47.,7 45.4 6.4
4,p. 3 41,,5 2
7,j 4, 31
'49417 507. 9 Z 21 2444, 2AA'
V Ed
IA
104
-E218t' Wo ify- Ilk 19,41
X11
?Mth f4r= Is gg r odw t'i on jjj
aud* December otVut u 8

or'Lfd ti ou' df 4, 'i tfllia In'



!4
Y







] Wd
nA
g -4
I-yt] am n.98
M A esdr fly wIh
19a
13 a qaet hpeiu



ii ....................
V r O f.eg t.q............e...................on ..ha n d,.Ja n1111111
91014 i~o'Aout100in 93-39 Si P hepz~warpofod
4f -teq, a a nrae -uh:atrta !~rgto

cljbl- -1,17gspe'hj n14 ad0i 98
boh oa'MdPe aat eMnd o g ae iftro~














li41PA A 10

-4; 41
T &6 1 e oitlal player 44,1%UAry.,
Ut4j, 4anuary 1, '14 tii `ul lo-
potential

jpata', to 2 Z E,,
Y
4r,44V i6*r

'jan




36.,&
.391

50, 3;5
3'6'3



lax,
1941- 41 9

943, '469, -,A
1944 4
"A?
55 6
7
28 '5

e1iiumary,,


Pr i c i f or XQultvy,
:, %', : j
Oh
k7eirL a eivecl b f
ric es r ec
turkeyz In '1948 wqa 4,he '4igh6it
pvl#
a 'fee;
"'Toy,

VS
1', 41,
pr
A










pa 1 Ft_

A_
A 5 mllio 1174-8 f or pmo'O,
r the yizar &Vaed- 9 6 t 6 p4r
,pr_-660 Xy 0, p r Orit f
'a Vpn li-om, IJ'R4
I P-0
-1-2 ---1
prpgtaiis remnd,'tfte, eqiiiValent of
P t


19t purchases were Goncentrat3qd n, the We t
*1L f c rr,, 19 4 az awhole, the fam. rice'averagod 7,9 cenW,-
ztat,,-,q ayerage, fdm, price-, This differential wa4,6
than thit-, than that,:,'in 1947--
`,0 e AheNprth Atlanti(z' rqgion averaged 16.' ce4ts
dted States farm price, h6we-,Per this diff ei 'a
in each,,. of, the hree'y'ears, On the basis,
.regional ppie differentials in the'past, three, yea,s in 'J,
'W6rer greater tbai the-,,averagea foreithe'r. thd 1937-41 or the
ereentage- basis, howevert regional 'diff erentials
average, were about tha same as in, -41-

'7VIe-Ighted ahnual'average, p p1.) p. e p rAozen rq6 ved, by farmers
A,Statqs and regions and differentials from United, States...
average., 1937-41, 1942 Of 1946 to 1%8

t!d EaA Te;st
;L North 5otith 7utb
'Pror-th. NoAh
,X js Atiantio?;' ic de a -.We t''.
Central Central
Gent. lent i:,
% ..-Cents um.
20- 19. 16.5 2i,7 17 5
31 3,.; 36.' 24,:5
,4 9 3
47,b 1' 35.2. ..132.i 7' .1
-37- 3 41 .55114: 4
45 41 .4
7 -5 43r4. 19
Az -2 39 1
% DjLf e e a ialsl
ellIZ. Con s Cents -Cejt t
G6 X, ent,
7+6.8 --1.0 +1,-6

-1.5, "347 +1 ni9, -2.5
4 1.6 +6
+12.21 +3.8- +64';
-2 1, ,l 2 +4.3 .8
'J"
elrc(nt Percent,
Peraent rib _rgent
13
+ 3, +5

-4, 16
4
-4 +9

A








Ito#
go I
gooin, 4,w e,,ri
q 4prl d 0, 'o) jiceI
of198
rebordi itee* of198
Zewf aoabeegfa
198* th a yItso L9tm
*11 mow-nras-ntp
'Llt~i~j .1i~he turey ilde, an lo
Moetie vad 1.14,
iniae fr14
Fatrf netos sO aur Idoi he
re- ukyI. 99taLi 4p
iF 5.ecnzo

% ot P5xt-los a.q=Prdt 3.1s-illos "t o i,
mitpt. hkh.lil-,ether194, o 194. B rE
f"Olow~g Inerases:ovr -948 Nrth Atantr 1
Cen nt; Wst orh-entalt'3 proat;,11$0MVt


Re=4i I0, ril rie.
Makein Liel.I' 1


4. Va 1 _
Octbe.nm.re.4............c os t[]th o-t~ b
46. milcs.Wt fte Ot a t









VA





T6*--. CAM*-
ide g=ds awmu
IV-
S.m 4,
wrl '7W
4
*00 .4 112
151 667 323 34.1, 4.10

520 z0a 4,47.7 4*4

4434 A5 408 4,28q
33F 198 5

67 Zia- 410 319 C27jD- a
sm 793' 'esz-A. -w 4.19
44' 34.4
753 .4,581 .34.6, 4.10,
684 '773 197 U7 420 4,s58 7 4.09

`2,035 740 253 '428 -435, 4.9
toli* 723 Bea' I es 460 S. 2ft, 1, 5', 0 5 4.
2. 201 716 1379 289 1 '48Y 6' 288 39A 4.24
72 842 213 489 469 54,8' 4.15
4!
S. 56. 1 4 3.87
224 506 .87 %
184' -48e 436,, 4.04
17Lt '441
1'0 210C 667 21 A* 5,176 4.06,
621 954 1
P6 407 4',686
Al IM,
R*'Ne 47-0 40981 4oOl
M& W8 '559 4,8 30
8 aw
603 830 1745 Sq
3 34- 4,aAj &.98
2116a 684. 137 427 *5k .4 782
555 205 427 t1ol
$57 4:772

vq 6 ; 55 91
466 :68
607- .150 439 '4,,78.5 :,3
-12 tie' .765 143 40 254. teos-,. 37.4 3.66
45f) 604 476 3.60
1-2,020 34
,27 aT
.0-56
067 395, !-256 .3i,989: 3.41
1,936 ru 1 119 M5, 3,980
ll,977 4S4 '613 121 .533 228 .3$877 36.0. 3.38
.601 loa ISS 748 56.5 3.20
-4 '8 #1 lq? 294 IN 4778. .-55*1.
li,862, 31 147 195. 73Q.. 9.37'
A,62 i94. d4f 110, 298 M 3: 70 3787
i*qb 349 12,_ 2524 3,880

561 6 pe S.52 $606 It 94\
k087 383 661', 3'54 176 3,969 32"9
'4155 VIO age -4,590
2T#447 439 66 160 194 4.633 31.4; 2.8911,
'AE12 408 P72 106 sw 243 41991 2901 -2.80
Oj74: Rp 74 5a 5,226
4k- 344
6a*f 3SO: 6,442 3W3 2,83
fj I 3s..
1,.Ob Zoo (169 A. *3 2.152
's 7w 497 JO:5' '65L 614 "S 2.so
0" 566, 669' 466 245
266 667 490 6 133 05 7 z.oa:;
10 742' 610 fs,428. ",u.?, zl
616 Lo4s 169 675 '452
j,





tqO
IE7I hoa
bu ic otM61b

IuElees;-%
Incaeary 1548a,, fx~I
In i-aur 9.
hwx~edvi~ht Byxid-eceber tiI
U.46uner JUa7 51198. 'bot 0,00
Tti s 'tuapo'mt a n mlzz
mooti~stnc,4_ onoffst a
Ca=% itilbrolersshold epdrlena, tt 14
rromfam6lkma nd urkys or a, 3el~t*'te T j 1'
prcswl elnhaceht'kf -
ieqas thesubsenti Inceas

ILI
Ogg hite -an ,qks eirelowe 'LTua;
Th 'ln n.oa putyhlig rM
January... 1 o11. mlin ons4'h i
periiiiiiis than thiolje neg t
iiiiiiiiii~ot e ~lvlnt'f 'nix io ,k~0 '
iiiiiiiiiiiii ....Tiii mi l oma e e r e r i r
8tra hoiliiiifiheliegs'aiheit ~
15,00css.aot2Nocn mle-ta ~o .
th ....n loes onrcr.tlfoe g tqb
-pud. I,*ecn eo atJnay1 t ,
driie eg tcswr on2 picxtfrzayt
rreIeg tcswroenet ve b
frzn.igadol ,00caEs f-h h~ e YrO
81 g tcba h b
arlik% tob-h mle, nayea
prftbiiyof h .48soag SO:q r'
tb l n itp c-hices
IhlegsoaeI eq~g eaieyls







































,n.-United Kingdom Contract "
g 'Small'er Than in 1948

A larger i-han usual quantity-of Canadian poultry entered the United'
; .i*in 1948. During the first nino-.months.'of-1946, .21.8 million pounds '
4.t poultry and 11.8 millf6n pounds- of. dressed poultry moved from
a"A':-libthe United States. The tota,.quantity was well above recent ''.
anS.d' ftas due in-part to the very strong domestic demand, Canadian
At r 'Ameorican dollars, and to their reduction in the United States
U n;f.der the Gefneva Trade Agreements'. .

N :otwithstanding a current..high'rate of lay, egg production in
during the first half of 1949 is oxpooted to be somewhat lower
tt A*for the same period in 1948. Production for the month of.Docs din
g rct tehko* that for December .1947.-.There was, however, a 23 per.
ekion- -Pom-a year previous irn the average number of hens during ..
ba.t tid Uwasv-partilly. offset by ah increase -of percent 'in the" S1


......".'... I. .i.
.A k ;;% : .,.:. .... .., .. .'. "... ".











As. annouqe d.iqqC
fr 49 is 'for i
Dcmer 31* uigteproo hep .mU
tled 74 m1
soage egg. ,6 oso-re gs n ,,0
mjor% difeec evtnte14 n 99cnra
pucascs in t,:P 1 wne ot sr c oa~dP

6ae in1s 5

T~h an-uncement givs h fq oig eal e~jlk"
.. .. .........s. and effee... .

il I th e new co~ e.v~lm, sb,11ta i,1 L
that vthsome opecningp oh- ejbtmksin119hL
beeaonbly adequate t asobtepbal MCatn UL

"The 1949 prices will be.L
45per pound for. dried' dg a 1Zn'ti e pudf
108pices have b.on -54-1/2 cenitspe bOnffatr '6
-for dried e gp an o5 onnt
199prices are slightly below those ofa91'I seetd
porionof the reduction can be metthog anme pob
procssig costs ,and that-thq necessr idaonpe
pr~aucr 'will be relatively sma11. -Saxrdito hO dlo
for o a onsidorable-extent by- he, atareoalo'eti
eto other markpts..

e th so
O 10



The seasonal distribution of'nth regpodci
goirther substantial changes 195 sinlArl"I s,
Mnhand 'November 'Still thelwmnhNvbc up
hsbon about one-half as lage a'pu upt n t
4Tovonerpr~oduction, was less tha n a -ia~v ag sA

The greatest relativeinrae
coe. in the Octobor-Jlanuary proac h raotrlt,,
the arc-June-period. Feb
palier years, and output in the Jujy.~pobr e~d
creative to the ltis.

These canei. theM Oalt ffamdgouf
lrey r'esponsibi Po el f So
for he.decr easing jfqb 6o10
Oiasuer supplies,
n

















Of egga A 4
ir T hh, bi a *r 6,
hb- rate Ofliaype;r b d.
JiL
oth sed f5ince, the ear r ye
IA
@5L fbr thel animal rat I
0 ip, h4ve b6tp -,m4llost in tb6
4ftd xi and gr at
'A*, fall,'a t the rateqf lay,-e
gd idn cr months4,
%doubje tKt IthQ late tvenies,
15''Pe:!-Ce t

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