Poultry and egg situation

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Material Information

Title:
Poultry and egg situation
Physical Description:
v. : ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service
Publisher:
The Bureau
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Creation Date:
December 1944
Frequency:
quarterly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Poultry industry -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Egg trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
Bibliography of agriculture
Citation/Reference:
Predicasts
Citation/Reference:
American statistics index
Citation/Reference:
Index to U.S. government periodicals
Statement of Responsibility:
Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with PES 1 (Jan. 1937); ceased with PES-308 (Dec. 1980).
Issuing Body:
Issued by: Agricultural Marketing Service, Dec. 1953-Mar. 1961; Economic Research Service, May 1961-Dec. 1977; and: Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, Mar. 1978-Dec. 1980.
General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
Description based on: PES-301 (Mar. 1979).
General Note:
Previously classed: A 93.20: and A 88.15/2:

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000502977
oclc - 04506769
notis - ACS2711
lccn - 79643440 //r81
issn - 0032-5708
sobekcm - AA00005304_00011
Classification:
lcc - HD9437.U6 A33
ddc - 338.1/7/6500973
System ID:
AA00005304:00080

Related Items

Succeeded by:
Poultry and egg outlook & situation

Full Text





BUREAUI T s3ATJ ON|
S BURE OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMY I /,


,', D ECE.JP BER 44*


1t0TIATED NET CIVILIAN DISAPPEARANCE OF SHELL AND FRb6EN
EGG" "" S,"UNITED STATES, 1925-29 AVERAGE AND 1940-44

r iL ti .-Total
!.j.! ({Shell egg equivale a
I I _


JAN JULY JAN JULY JAN JULY JAN. JULY JAN. JULY JAN. JULY JAN. JULY
JAN. JULY JAN. JULY JAN JULY JAN. JULY JAN. JULY JAN. JULY JAN. JULY


1943 1944 1945
FOR THE WAR PERIOD


':1925-29 AV. 1940 1941 1942
:: :'. :'... DISAPPEARANCE DATA ARE PRELIMINARY. ESPECIALLY
0, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NEG. 4333


SOitt civilian disappearance of shell and frozen
variation since 1942, in contrast to the wide seasonal
a greater proportion of the total output coming in the
prices during, the past few years have tended to become


I A BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS


eggs have shown reduced seasonal
fluctuations in the 1920's. With
fall and winter months, swings in
narrower.


0-



150



100


is^a";-^. *..*-"







STATISTICAL AlY ___


ITB WI-------- -
PIB acoro vm N mWA.IM c: C ... OCll N e ,I

: Layers on farC b .b 4It in 3l3i-41 34.1 311.1 3Si .$ 106.1 21r.0 404.0 S i
Number of e i l4ll ; Iu imber 31l-4I ?iM 6.If 8.11 6. 4 3 1. 1.41 110 18
Total ft przdPctini of *s il. dos. 1ll-43 1 1.1 166.4 M.A 311T.0 38.l Ml., '4 1T
Stocks ai. 'e :
aell . .1 .. 1,000 cme IN-4 4,1 3i 001 94 LSSO 2.906 1.004 :O s rIs
la SM .... ,'. 1,000 case 3-4 001 oT .41T ,4T,44 4.8 .... At4
Tosea, 1all and frozen s *... 1 1,000 caso 3l-41 T. 1 4,4 a 210, 44 6, 1T 10, 10 6.20 : i1
Dried wle eggs .. .. b- 1 .1 114.5 111.1 its -
pparent egg; dlslppqars-a illiia:
Total shell dgg eilta&lwV Nil. dos. 19 1-4 3438.1 U6.1 211.1 18.8l 14.5 34..: 106 104
Dried 1eg predicties .. l. 1b. -- -- -- 3.1 31. 11.2 0 -
Cmmercial hatchery operations
iggs set . .. i i -- -- l-- 56.0 61.6 44.1 4 I5. f --
Chick hatched . .. iltion 3I-42 16.0 15.1 389. 35.4 56.3 ID 5t 11 1
Receipts
Poultry, dressed, four markets il. tlb. 191-421 1.7 1.1 61.0 81.1 16.4 ft.i 86 T .;
Poultry, 11ie, Chacego ... Mil. lb. 1 -41 6.5 8.1 6.? 6.4 04 -99 8 I
Poultry, live, New York i. tI. Lb. 3n1-41 10.9 11.5 13.1 13.8 6 ll. 6 1#1
Poultry, liv NHidaest, per plant 1,000 lb. 33-41 BO.0 1 30.88 48.61 46.86 41.61 31.5 6 11 DI
Fold (kee). live. Hidrest, per plut 1,000 Ib. 1U9-41 11.14 11.831 1.3 22.61 14.31 IT.1 "T 141
ag stock, live, ,dueest, per plat 1,000 lb. ll933-41 18.00 13.48 I.3 T 21.44 IT.16 11,0 f ...
Stock poultryr
Broilers . .. il. lb. 3ll-42 1.1 14.1 IL4 13.8 10.1 1. 6a s 1a
Pryer . .. il. lb. I1915-41 9. 13.1 16.6 20.3 16.8 1 .14 :63 1
Basters . ... .Nil. lb. 1981-43 1T.0 2.1 3.6 M.8 8.1 6.. 4 1M L
Fools leail . it. lb. 31193-42 .1 25.8 40.1 60.6 86.1 J. 1 g 18 |
Turkeys . .. ,. lb. 193-41 6.1 18.8 14.6 24.3 41.1 'U A :5
Dichk . ... i. Lb. 13. -4 7.L 6 .8 1.4 3.2 7T. "5t '
Miscellaneous ad declassified il. 1b. 1ll9-4 18.9 24.1 26.7 IS. 41.1 44.1 .4' 3 .
Total poultry . .. Ni. lb. 1119-431 2.7 111.2 140.1 197.9 244.1 w .1. 186 .5t
Prices received by farmers
lga, per does . Cent 1933-41 21.8 39. 45.2 47.1 3B.3 4I.4 d 'iA 11 .
lggs, parity price per dozen .. Cent 1933-421 6.3 3.8 41.0 46.8 41.6 4f.1 I101 i l
Eggs. percentage of parity Percent 1933-41 76 T6 10 101 B9 9I 91 121 .:
ickems, per pound . Cent 131-42 14.4 14.1 24.6 24.1 13.8 14.0 li ..Tll
Chickens, parity price per pound Cent 131-4 16.0 15.0 18.8 18.9 19.4 IU.i il W l
Chickee, percentage of parity Percent 1933-41 go 94 131 111 123 1i3 oi 1I 1
Turkey, per pound . Cent 3198-4I 17.8 19.2 2.9 1S.T 81.68 iS 1:1 11
thrkers, parity price per pound Cent 1138-43 19.2 191. 23.8 31. 124.6 2& 4.6 10 J IU !
Tlrkeys, percentage of parity Percent 1918-421 99 126 1n 110 11 100 1. .-
All fams'comoditieB 1193-14 = 01" Index no. 198-42 111 111 194 194 194 us t11 l ,,ii"
Chickens and eggn 1191-14 = 112O Index so. 113i-41 107 107 187 184 171 1T7 "" f8. i
IleeeIle prices Chicago:
Egg, tasdards, per dose. Cent 1911-42 25.5 2.8 43.7 44.1 U.9 41.0 "t 14.l".
Live heavy ben, per pound .Cent 138-421 I.4 17.3 31.8 1.5 114.3 IL. ',4l 18
Live broilers, per pound .. ..Cant 13l-43 MD. 6 20.6 26.6 1.3 --
Live fryers, per pound Cent 338-41 17.9 18.1 25.6 26.1 24.9 Sl.l 101 lt A
Live roasters, heavy per poud Cent$ ll-61 16.9 17.0 26.6 26.21 57. 2.0 111 1,1 ],
eboleusle prices. New ort:*
Dressed broilers. 25-3 pounds per
dozes, per pound . Cent 33-42 21.9 22.7 37.2 37.6 7T.56 7.5 100 1s .
Drensed roasters. 48-54 pounds per
does, per pnd . Cent 319-41 21.7 22.2 17.2 37.5 3 37. 8U.S 194 160
Dreuned lowls, 48-64 pounds per
doses, per pound . .. Cent M -42 20.6 0.6 3.2 18.5 31.5 83.8 100 188
Cash fama ices
Total marketing . il. dol. 1938-41 1.270 1.096 1.263 006 2, 449 -- 19 16i
Poeltry aud eggs .. Nil. dol. 1988-41 90 113 194 231 197 -- 1. ill3
Price ratios
Chicago, broiler-feed Lb. feed 198l-42 16.4 16.0 11.7 11.1 4 .
Chicago, light roaster-feed feed 338-42 14.1 14.0 11.7 11.1 13.1 33.4 111 o0
Paus agg-feed .. .i. feed 1-41 21.5 14.5 20. 12.0 17.5 0.3 1 84
Flam, chick-e-feed .. b. d 183-43 11.5 II.6 11.4 11.4 10.7 11.1 91 31
Pan, turkey-feed .. .Lb. feed 18T-41 14.6 161. 18.8 11.1 14.3 1.18 40il t
Pare egg-layin mask b. fd 11.1 13.1 10.3 12. D -1 -
Lapin mut, cost per ct. Doller -- 1.45 18.0 1.6 3.55 ---11
Peed cot per cm.. tfar poultry ratio toller 1913-4 1.2M 1. 2 2.16 2.14 3.1 114 100 1 I
wholesale food prices (II I-11 =- 1l Index no. 1933-41 101.4 101.6 I11. 1318 111.7 131.9 38 181
Retail food prices 1 6-Si-n = I1 Index no. 11-4 101 101. 101.6 131.1 137.3 1i.4 93 1i1
Prices paid Ly lfamers including inter-
eat and taxen ( 1-14 = 1O) Index no. 1983-41 131 111 116 r6 110 171 11 lin
Retail prices 1l.L8:
alsters, dressed, per pound Cenit 113-43 11. 30.6 44.1 44.0 44.9 10 lA44
Iggs, strictly fresh, per dosen ent 1ll-41 43.8 44.0 67T. 17.4 61.5 94 10l
lonagricultural employees campene-
tion I131-89 = 1001 .. Index no. 3ll-41 116.9 116.8 146.5 143.3 367.8 -- 1i 3il

ilnd of month. Frozen eggs converted to case equivalent.
Adjusted for seasonal variation.
3Fresh Firsts October and November 1933-42 Av., Standards 44-lbs. October end November 1943 and 1944.
L 'ao qplottion.








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%irgsfr 'the fr St 4u M@ f 1945 Awill remain
Unmtpswl etlihue cat least at thel rerd ratle


bod' Admiti ttrat ion annol c~ed itp egg Aup90ort--rc Prog

'ortt
d cents 0or Cantiied eggs The'4 t hod.: of $elect i %such pr e
A" ~ in 6ffec 4uridg 1,9441.w

ingts. of jpouitry mea~ts zurin! Dece mnb6ri have." bemn AAignifantrly

t h,4n in Dqcempe 194t .-Demfand, bot-h civilian and.military.* Inasz
elhatlaalel tuppliJes and pi-icdo are At Oeiling levelsi. In order to
teleatiS of aressred )poultry for' the armed. forces, Wair Fo6od Order 1,
POeCiv Deesteqr 11. Thisz order virtually prohibits -any sales 0

produced 6,Acl processedd ;in the Del-Mar.-4a Iteninstula -and. the S&e
teept to theamed. servii ces Cosuer ang 'the Eaateneaof

binte 1afeted, since mozt, -of the poUltry 'from the affectedl"
intd1i bteatrubncmnt










Ion


abv n14 orde toaer hraein e
wa~ a4 ctiv theme r W= n 16v.e Thisb or !Voz

0 thellgiia and froent ate hl~za rcs
durngNambe .1orp,e Salt rna olnlees ia6qr,
The Ona ff ic to f --ife te T ranegort ation hr -
stok to ace m kell egi g houldntr of oail ibe ,o000,9
the oweta:ion, ror f l oulr y tha da e,.. l a~evt, i ga
@iii h O i o b







torRWZN ofEL PME19Manspro at
Embrt Orde Issusined S'one Poultr
In order toei vet. Consu ers alpug sotae os t es*
o4:,Po~t y frthis armde fr ces W are pro odrt dio n ivrofrn~
11 heffe isctiveDeem e ol. t he order. por i et a i il1
Vi Y r g iny iaan Wou ty Vrgina mit s tbe of dT t
of M oalryla ecd, pOr teercie fo h
of c
wit t e WFA torice.hs polr avialio teAm.Tn
t R eceotaips -of live poultry byat e enrial MWe1,v(filefrj
Proucra e in theem er 1ign~a ped plante bais 4u 0t 5
toal boienr oelowulasin 1a43 hil~mte d tothe oorV
pound endine weigt. consumers yalin theEatr Seb rdw
afce ytiore.Alagprprino ulr na hljpa
citi esa e or,otn,1iaepha n asigo omsIfrt




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NOT 1 1935-39

Dee, 1, 1915-19


40v,. 1, 1944 2441015 97;199
i,e.1 1944 270.067- 9 Af~as
Y," includes Government holdingsfo whic 04-4 fs* 14 "

Fr= No~v~mber 25 -through eeer9,ip o
itas have been ohly 19.-i idlli on pounds mprdi
in the oppe period. 0f 1943,, ind'a 1935o--95, :eraeof k
1arger-than-usu-al portion, of the-in-mpvement. took pla~e
area.. This i's probably due to the movement of poultry tip
Del-Mar-Va region prior to the effective 'dte of the War, Food'

:By War Food Admiznistration
hetagalljAmendinent, xe.uires ,the Govermemnt t
tgspo pike of p'rpoclaimfpd't crops amon' wbi'ch 4re 1P"b
minimti~o-f qQ percent of, parit 'for 'at least 2 ATqr affMVh
following thle oepsstioA of- hostilit-ies. Ta order toef@
of thit amendment, War Food Aftinhis trat ion, on 'Dec ether Ited%
support prices for 1945. Poir 1945 *TA is Gup.pottin9'ae99VT1s
,at a minimum of 24 cents a dozen for stra;ight-run eggs zind 2-7 G
cand-led egns.

.The method of reflecting these prices to: farmer,- wiUl 40
WfA "1ll purchase eggs from buying age3nts who have- peqi'po
an-noynced price-v.. These buying agents: i~n turn will aelie "I'll
at--the antiounqed-ptice's plus-a eintdak-pfrhhly
*Thisf. method of operation is similar to 01C on~e ,which'w~iz th'lervt
r)440
Daring 1944, WFA purchased for price support. purpo SeG Approt
5-1/2 million cases of shell eggs. These shell eg_-s were disposed
various ways, a portion being sold to the trade for dehydrating. cp4d
and about 2 million cases being -rcse nt rsnform f r W%$4
part, probably 100.,000 to 560,000 cases was dietribnted, though rbt
channels. In the neighborhood of 200 thousand caoea were aiverttd4
purposes.
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t'a't ... 1944, the,
"b c 4qvd
Oa. e a na
ap 14w e'e6. OPPPI
h441 SPAQ, Off eat in keeb,, tje rLt-e, r)t_IAV`
--b ar, 19 -to 4'_%g`Ddj
-M

Obj flir 1 na s6v 64,
The Jo'teutial layers
va's'
".tem
ar, b-ait: r J,
c= ye, 6 De.. I-
n O'Vem 944, t 't eel n
*h, i ch irdiqat0%,.,a lighter to
All,


_r J4
N Wer' 'heaV-'e
a&iric Goasi Mark r.' e i r
I "ipts Lt thp CentrAl kttarn irlmiry Market's,
rincppal, marcet, s, Por'thQ 4-,.'4eek period, joudlf*g
g4pre eat theetle-t
at tlO,,Pacific Goasj'






tho tows 9ebiot were "lobityfiad 6
a~t thOlbta `eTvthbabar

tooiwse of declines in eu i 4mhh dit eeI4,- i"Adt
finding thei3 way into th ,lIarg6 'to- tal rkt'h46##

Production of dritii ezgg dutig No~vem60r and Decemb er 19Wf
an& 2161 million pound-sj respectively., During NTovember and Pea,
dried egg produce tion, probably will tatal material zles ,40-e
49i,2 million-pound''for ,deliv-ery-in %voveber and December 143
same month% 'of 1944, contracts outstanding totaled, Tly a0. 2

Oivilian' di~snppearance of shell "a' from a eggs for thl
N)us been at, a retorcl rAte of approximately 700 will d~iPP
Although accurate, data are not avail able 'since o6velpe-j 4,11
a continuation of a high rate of disappearance. Among sidb
compared with 1943, are the increases -in market receipt's a3
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of ieggs in o rettil channels, -as'.sow4 by rep'ortG isUfed frik,
Sat Francisco. Slightly lower retail prices this fall thej-
194, iger consumer indcomes, and possibly 0shortAges of 9i
as a source of -protein, -have been responsible for cvlk 2al
remaining at record levelso,

Table 2.- Estimated civilian disappearance of shelled froeA
United Statc-s, 19,25-29 average,,1940-4,4

(Part I data for cover chart)
Tear Jan- Feb..", Mar,. A~pr.' May -,June July: .&Ig, qe~pt
: Mi'l.,Ml Mil1 Mil1. Mill P1.i 1, M. Ml
Sdoz; doz. doz. o. %o, AoMdo.dn.t
1925-29:
average:203. 249.,6 680 3V049 V23.9 V03.9 301.440745 967.1

.194o :249.g ?73.9 165.2 '25. j -4.6 290l.g 296.9. 294.7 279 .0 "Z
1941 Z279-7 291.6 %350.9 327'59 02.3 292-5 25.4 278 i' 259,*$
19:42 -:299-.0277.4 77.8 03.6 100.9 271.7 292-.9 285.5 264-.,o 2
194- -299.J 29 3-8: 359.4'299.0 315.0O 290-7 iog.,9 .,16.0,,290.6 2979
1944 9 105.2 .1 152-3 332.3 300-0-244.6 1 7,8 2196. 6' Tk

December 1 Shell Egg Stocks Lowest
On Record. for that Date

Continuation of strong consumer demand for Shell eggs and,&
'quantities of currently produced eggs resulted in a further dep~et'
storage stocks during November. As of.-December 1, coldR storage,,
stocked were 1.0. million cases, 0,7 million cases below those: atI'
in 1941,- and 'the lowest on record for that 'date. Of the 1 million,
remaining in -storage, 475,000 whe dby WFA, Ithe armpd P forces apl o
GWovernment agencieze
Frozn 6gg ithrawls urig Nvemer ere5q;4 m IIIt,.
milin aesshlleg quvlet) sihty-eowth Ic 43,VI -














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"W 1.1 1242 1 2 11. 115 11.0' 10.9 11.0 11. 5 114 '11.2 1 -
S1 1-2 j2.- 1 2-1 J51*9 I12.0 "11, 1-1.4 a1.41091
'41 `LIl# la0(). 10.6 1Q.7 10ok."6 107, il.a2



1 4 .0 7 .6 1 3 1 3 5 1 .5 3 8 1 5 3 1 0 1 5 2 D
'114'' [ 14.0 1 3.2~ 13.1 1'.t 11. 114 -19.8

E&f feel
2 16.6 14-5 13#' 8 1 1 .9 15.9 18121-5 24.5 22-6 17,5
.4 ig4 17.7 16.8 16,8 :16.9 17-1 ig.:2 19.3 20.9 22-0 20.1 198.
3,14- 13. :U. 1.8m12 13i-6 14.6 15-9 17-5 Wo.3

ayrage of :the'12 mants except fo r turkeys, which have we ight ed. aVer agg

OUTLOOK

%* Aw al Troil1e r Pruouction to Lacrease
,,WIE ) Withizi the Next Months
&h emand for chicken meat will be strong during the next few monthsf
,o rn to A, wellrsuetainve civilian demand, heAmy Quartermaster Corps
t) otain-a large -amount of poultry meat. Thdfo i ob sed as a
rale builder for Ame~rican sexvipe men overseas and& in hospitals. Refl ecting,
g conusmer incomes and small1e'r supplies of red. m Ieats d duringg the first hatti
`* 1945 than-in the first half of-1944, civilian demand will exceed. available
qppesa~t ceiling prices. Civilian per cabita consumption of poultry meat,
t leaSt daring thp first half of 1945, will be below that of the correspondiL
outd ~f- 1944,..

The_ commercial -broiler industry is one in which production changes cat.,
"I- bvbught'abo~ut quickly. Only 12 to 16 weeks are required to grod broiler 0
btof this production is centrally located, primarily in the Del-Mar-Va
4unuaand~certain cointiea in.Virginia' G~eorgia, Arkansas, and West Vir4
letu'rns: to 7briet 46oruei s and feed suppliLez are the factors which deteOrmino
tractionctn or expansion of the industry. Indications are that, at present
Oeling prices, returns 'to broiler gro9wers are favorable. Yeed Gupplies f o
Ab6 a coming year are ample, aIA impOrtavt; consideration since most of'-the
ri'1Sling of broi.lera take place in deficit feed areas.












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