Poultry and egg situation

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Poultry and egg situation
Physical Description:
v. : ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service
Publisher:
The Bureau
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Creation Date:
October 1944
Frequency:
quarterly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Poultry industry -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Egg trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
Bibliography of agriculture
Citation/Reference:
Predicasts
Citation/Reference:
American statistics index
Citation/Reference:
Index to U.S. government periodicals
Statement of Responsibility:
Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with PES 1 (Jan. 1937); ceased with PES-308 (Dec. 1980).
Issuing Body:
Issued by: Agricultural Marketing Service, Dec. 1953-Mar. 1961; Economic Research Service, May 1961-Dec. 1977; and: Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, Mar. 1978-Dec. 1980.
General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
Description based on: PES-301 (Mar. 1979).
General Note:
Previously classed: A 93.20: and A 88.15/2:

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000502977
oclc - 04506769
notis - ACS2711
lccn - 79643440 //r81
issn - 0032-5708
sobekcm - AA00005304_00011
Classification:
lcc - HD9437.U6 A33
ddc - 338.1/7/6500973
System ID:
AA00005304:00078

Related Items

Succeeded by:
Poultry and egg outlook & situation

Full Text





















... EGGi PRODUCTION ON FARMS :::i

50



40





RATE
.' ; .. .'.:.O F L AY
SNu aber of layers.

Ac"t :: lay 1 140




120







OPto S cted 1obe "1. r cete e s B "UEA G L L 1400
it' ri :..o'd !in. 1943,: and "8pren*:he hn h 93-2aerg Th h
",+po ..... were ... .l du to sh r rise in the :" nub r f lye
a -j,:r::!e, of" la ha als acoute fori, p.art :,:.. of t... inrae prdu tim ..
14:k. e ace to be 8 to 12 pecn lesta"I94














ayrie fI iaa s*ebt .% .
Nilulm of aggJlid per he '. .., .
rinse -" of 1.. .


L et 4 h.ll ,r qqf. .
bt0i so qgll c iita .l A ..


cita h .atc.er up"\m. *tI
Dlet 8bol. .,, .




hastes
A hpuar Ii L iiuueu civifiao
'. Ftltta l iag dal .....
i1d lt l tis . .
i1eatq 1i Nkaitery op er pions
',;:i' ga not . .
icks btdih . .
I:eRltry, 4tes, four markets .
!' pallrI, Us` Ctaicag .
1f" eeltrz, 11i46 mew Tork .
|1: Psaltr. Ut4 MitaMK, par plant .
I' d Ikhal, liTve Midwest per plIat
lunI 1toCK, i W, Kidwest, per plait
hotcks poiltrr
iLure . .
Down .. . .
i:a FO>< lkhil . .
I. .ep ............

ielulmemsi umad maclasndii .
total pltry . .
.Prl u reuaived by feImurs
IA.k per dam .. .
11s parity price per daes .
Eib, perentuage of parity .
G ickimr *or pound .
Chicklk parity price per ponud .
Ckhikea percentage of parity .
Tarklsy, per pond .
LWrkeysi parity price per pound .
UlrkqrM pentmage of parity .
1 taucadiSicu |1930-4. J 3o
C hick es sirell 44-3 14- W3e1
ustamil prices Chicag.o
i 4 sta drdie, per dos s .
L s wkBavy h per pound .
LivT brIUers, per pond .
Live tryfrs, per pond .
Uve roustrs hary per pod .
IlheIssai putalesf Ist 1 :
r eawus hailoirs, K-U poedl per
dioem, pr paidt . .
DreSs uasters, 41-54 ponds per
4 mn,, per pound . .
SIr ses Lota, 41- poas per
dams, per posed ..

Iei gtyd .. ..........
|ricec ratio.
Chicugi oIgi t as tar-feed .
i|. 11a3e,-1fd .a
tPa* s tkr-ft d . .
il ei-layI jia .M
ad eat pe out., tar poiltry ratils
leapl.e smu prine l(3-38 3o6
Ifil Ot-tprae M Iy DOW NI-Im
|itr. pid ty tarers ieladig lanter-
Seat md tais Ila -14- .I) .
Olil price 15.a:
r sateru diromd, per poend ..
P *le. strictly frBph, per doSa .
Ari wttrral -plote ampSn-
ties .31. -n lot .


1.009

Ni1.
I

".:
Nil.
Aill
Al

sit.


J.I.I
A 1.
1.00
1.00

Nit.
Nil.
5i 1.
xil.
Nil.
Nil.

ae t
Cast
Pearc
east
Cent
Perc
Cant
osst
Perc


Oust
Cast
Caet
Cast


Cast
Cost


la 9 311-41
Ir mai-,l
dos. 18-41
Scane s3-41l
Scam -JOS-J
I cam IS-41
lb.
dar. 35 .-41
16. -
It -
is 3511-4
ib. 13-4I
16. 108-1
lb. U13-41
SII. 33-4ll
7 lb. tll4
16. It3-42
9b. 1088-43

Ib. 198"-4
lb. 3e"-4
lb. 3ll-43
lb. 133-41
lb. 3ll-4l
Ia. ull--l


1938-43
t. 191"-4a
t8ll-43
193-41
ent 133-4

ant 1.111-43
Swo. wa8-iI
ai. 193W-41


33-41
33-43
33-4 3


mil. 40i.
41. dol.
Ab. feed
lb. f4o
Lb. fJud
Lb. foad

Dollar
Zldexs o.
nd es o.
ZrAdox no.

gent

Index no.


511-41

1138-4

H38-43
*81-41

I3-41
315-41
1938-42
II-il




335-41




3SS-41


Ii.31
11 187

11.4




-I.
'.3
I3.3


3B.
.I.6
I0.0
i.1
14.1
61.1


U.1
14.8
I6
15.7
18.0
.10
183.
.108

21.8

13.4


13l
1.18
8.1

3.I5
sIt
aIa
15. I
15.1

l.B

1.36
100.1
101.7
110.
IS.O
u19 1



101.1


1988 M.S 3CH5


6.53


54.3


14.4
1U.
E.g
3.3
1.14
11.3
5.6
6.4
4.B
6.3
8.4
16.0
T1.6
54.4
81.2
TB7
14.8
14.0
39
17.0
23.1
19.1
8.9
111
10
21.7
18.8
U.S.
18.1
18.1

11.8
1i.8
11.1







13.8
11.1




60.I
11.0
11.8

1.38
101.8
138. 1



46.7
1183.


1,63
V. SS

16S.63

16.3


8.4
53.6
Uo
5.8
31.63





I.:'@'
16.63
11.8

18.1
7.4

5.B



34.6

(f.4
i.5
C6.6




I2.5
l.S
134.
1.T
13.6


41.1
11.5,



4.6
1211












138.3
181.


41.1
31.6
36.1

11.5

18.77


16
s i.





13.0
11.51
XII.


5.35
3.13
113.6
111.1


1684
44.1
83.1
339.1


3. o61
14, 18




20.1
41.1
41.
6.5
15.7
48.860
18.76
35.3
9.5
3.8
14.3
33.8
I.1
1.4i
ll.I
41.1
U.S
105
15.I
lot


log
13.9


118
IBl

36.8
1M.8
5.89

86.6
4U.6
3.3


S.U
II.


11.1
ll.I
11.1

1I.
3.41
1.16
131.7
l1.4
184
44.1
153.T7
241.8


Dil
3M.1


I*L


11 .1




186.1
ST.m

I1t.

50.
UI

31.9
11.1



9.1
16I
I.1

4.9 *
3.3



itI
I15.7


11.
131





24.4
U.'
181
M.T











17.3
ui.







1.6
IT1.
14.















13.6
1.64
L I




117.1






1li
11.
14.5
11.8
14.

I.


IT.I


i .11
I lS.
MI.8


11.9
0.'

ALI
S.



ILT



1.T


10.1

1.8



--
1u

--


'd.f i alni. iraen mass ciaurted to cass equivalent.
AMJliiatt for seasonal variatnta.
IPresh firsts August and SepteIber 1933-42 average. Standards 44 lbs. August and September 1943 and 1944.


I ."


I !


I







1. T ... .. .... 4




=:. .....


Myflia~do 1u4to, Yhwee Ga roro frm19 .,vl
m -7








to o




6~~~~~~~~~11 ca1 rlaltilaeaeaotteie. as in1c ,allth Auri
th f tlpt unies, of. 1945: iw 'Ay e "beilo thda orepndn qu

eAt ber' of hicka%Egg praisdu., tn 19 -9 pro ma*ly il i ge f6 p-,
ptut. thei less Wivr lt teg feedbl pht Off r t,io urn-


I1 tpt) ic ,fOre h6n in o the li04 beevetd-94 Ac r"al
i4inln


ern.t1 9 C` -


MW1,O g eY- Tt
eUD n,4pnl te gga ,q








1944:eod sa euto faiorabl retvrMs t'o' gewbt4 fat th

tears and improved f-eed, supplies of ii an' d Ta o'r tuittay, 444

lor the upward trend In the late 15306.,..bd whiph fox- the past 2

be4en unsatisfied-in part-becp,-se of large milit.a0)r tAkfgp wl

son Even if mili~tar7_ rejquir tenVEF docline, in 1945 ci-Vil aps

k lrV be able to absorb available supplie#'at Or near 1I4 priqq1,1"1s,._k

October 21, %h

REVIEW. OF 1944

BAACKGROUNDp. The large increase in iegg p~roductiou'_-botv i
uanttty and ner layer.; has been th6, most nftable developmentp
indistr qince the beginning oth a.Sce 1940.ogg prpn
creased each year over were as fiollows: i941, -Gper'cent-, 1942, 16 p-ercemt;: 1943T 12 9
1943, totAl egg production *as ,about 5 Million dozen, 3 9 pe rqe nt
17-1average- Production'p'er a averagee lOePn adroe
71 eAi 1940_ t b e142 ti 1943.

Fr~rom 1940 to 1944,i production increases lagged-beh1Ad'price,0jW
wartime demrv-rds f or egg produots. Civilian egg consumption, in 1941
eggs oer, -erson, an increase o 2egoer1942, and 33 "-9&,s m&". i
J93t7-41av~etage. -DryinAg reqUirementa in 1942 and '194, ,.Zk 0
15.nerc6ent of the total egg output, .with lend-lease- cla~imn mSt i 40
-auarter bf A !illon 'bounds of egg p~owdiri produced,, Prices 'ih 1
ng194-., reflecting increased domestic and noncivilian demands
upturn.In '1943, 1' i-ces received by ffame1rs for eg vrgd Y
-per &ozen, 110 -percent of parity. The 1943 average -orioe was-#av doub4 ;0
4veprage farm price of 19.1 centit per dozen-, 70- percent of parity.

MKainly on account of favorable egg prices, the number of sf)
rai sea on farms, increased, and in 1943 reached a eako 3mlln
":is aCOToisequencei. supjlid 0f pop'It ry meat fdr exceededd p3re--war, quaati '0
However, t-he meat shortages experienced in 1943 a d favora 1e consusn*
poine~s.ermitted abcsorption of the large- supplies, and per. capi-ta, poa
c-oniumption mas at the record level of 28 pounds,. 56 percent highter.1
V11wa avrge of 18 pounds. '-Poultry- -prlceas wbte. verr fa-vrable 4'.
duciers. In 14,the average price recel-ved, by-farmers for chickens,
24*)+ cents peir poutd.,'130 percent of prt.

Turkey production decre-ased slightly from, 194o to 1943. vi th
military demands and favorable consumer incomes in'1943, the sply fo
far short of existing demands. Prices received by turkey growers t14





m i~m z
mmK.40 "i
4 fmmm


-til
!54 p-e Or c


I b
'Dr1j, io 41
mS


mim
A(%Hd pppar1 1''
-1,4 r'g 'Jl

e Pr,-, 44 r ic

mdt-ntici fufi6rq im
g't at' b m'
!ib te e A -tinaq t6
OUR' liesn a n ti
5"3d,3 -,t rti eaMp


A t









otal'egg production' armtlus tt fkk Y
d~otea, '4 percent: greateil tha 're wer Output if ,
of l1yers has been greater dxr~ing the -11irg 9mo t
srondi~g, mopthz o-f 1943, but'because of h 20 percent' ce~criesad ln'
rpaied in 1944 the rate of 'lay may be l6es th ef o
year compared with 1943.
Table 106i Aeage, number o layer Sfa
Unie Stte ve e13 2 194?-4

en Jan. Feaar pr #yue J y, -Aug.S- t Oct. N
-1. Mil. Mal Mil. Mhil. Mil,1 Mil. Mil. i.Mi
033-42
rnag*,-"3 326 '37 303. 297 .27'0 '255 216 266 8 31
1942 :3.69 33 n55 34 3?7 311 295 ?9 0 31fo 9
493:4 0 11 3 375' 356 331 XL7 333 369
,9 4 :4 5 1 1 39 365 33 323 A%:

In198,the exerage, tutber of- eggs: lMid 6"or eage vap ame
-135 ego yi 191, thi a hadz clme .3, and. foT 94ti
tentatively- .T d'fc-af&iv 144 -eggt perlyrbu -/ pereeht
than in t he Ip re641ous lye ax...Oreat er efficl ency in mpaggemeat aind
breeding are responsible for the increase,.

.9-P@ te. 1 344- hatching- season, tcptntntya
Ploultry ImprA B v me nt Planincesd 3lot$1Etdra-a
n- included in the prg6Am as, in 1935, the year the program began
,bl2.Particaipati~on in the National Poultry Impro Am
-Unit ed StAtes, 1044
Rubr :Averag% number,: Total number
Raid of : 'of hefde pqr o ofbirds :$gp
ydar : lock atbegi -:at beginning fo t
flocks ;ni6f..eao Iofeapozk
Kliumber ftmb6' Theaiwsand Th 8
193 ( 23.813 I .. '22
193 -35' 29,iiii 206 60,,8 2,
193-35 5 2,91 203,654 7.7'
1939-4o : 5o.559 212- j10;714 957
19 41 : 59ol36 2031,011796
194-2 :69,6s1 223 5593572
14Iq 69.56 3 16,534 149'427
19si4:8,g44 24g, 20,332 189,756

Undoubtedly, this program has -had an important. efect in incD
the quality of chicks raised.






V T


tiOd

I fj, Vi

d'i 4
I' st 'j,
,Z
T pziity prVoo andx-:fam pr.
44,
P


ra- e:

e'r n

3 6, 96
31 3
99.4
2?.
27' 2 30 5
29 1
3 3,
5
31
53 s
3

ti-At' I'D 1, u V, P dl as
'SSUe'' 'A&AL6jtU2fi-'-'l (6
c
ave rj refe 4-ye by
r 'a e be,
944 it' it p sVldated t2mt
3 31, pati ty*
oiokO A elii 0, 59, ont:; io.,, er a zeft'' i In" w4 1` 4- t
j4 9 .7
2

r IT t an 1943
rll 1944 e
--)w i ng z oine mouth-S sp"el"
lit '"re
T, pri(68 'of A pr near c e il,-
4
b tk iT-te t,04'b Fhrpsr i3 mid; the
0 4. he 4 ire c&i
K: -PrTceq:-'TO17 th&fflrot MontL -r-T J,
3ep Or -d- estoon invoerdods e -.bpt dUiLjg 1925,ll""
yl Cor'r
eMmd' f dr' Up AIt
k1n, i hi-s #ttA CYN Haad'ie f oun4 tjat
'41
Or theil eg&, at C )it a',eAl"I"
upr -d o'beetroA
spread Vbs. belo, the. sa I,,,
cvd t bat of -9427Anl Y"





`4



ILI







































fear Jan Feb. ;Mar, Apr. May June. Jly; Aug,; Se t' O .
.. ...- ..t.. ..i ....... .
:. : Lbs. Lbs, Lbs. TLbs. Lbd, Lbs. ..bs. Lbs. Lb,., '.Lbi. L.$

ra.. : n i..6 .. 1. 1 13.9 1.7 I;9 I. 21:.5 24.

L94 : i. 16.j, 15.5 15.:3 15.7 1*6.4 17.7 19.3 20.T 2R.34-!'a
L943 21.4 iA. 17.7 16.8 I6.sg 6.9 17.1 18.2 19. a. -9 *s 2j
'4 15. 14.1 13.2 11.8 II,* 12.5 ..6 i.6 15.9 1j :1
, .. '7. ;....

Because of unfavorable prices during the 19i string hatching s64
Commercial hatcheries produced fewer chicks than in lq4. For the fI**S*i
Y months of 11944, the n-maber of chicks hatched was 24 percent below 194 b.
|1 -percent above, the 5-year (1937-41) average. Hatchings were espeotiA.
rilow after June, reflecting deblines'in the demand for both laying flteuYi
elacements and commercial broiler stock. ..
T."







Zpm




mq
mcn










mtl




rmm






le %vii I1I ese, JA 3




-4




ie a
5-ye (,(1937-41) average.. .The declined in production #rOM tho ,r
was aue nrimaxily to the 2b percent decliiaefin the,,tumber) of abo"
-Denite smaller nqtr Meq sulte h in 19,43 ry-t4,-e
65 e Weaker than In, the year, before. 'Pkic-O rebpgived by fttme
dhbickens In the first: 9 months avesraged,22- 2P cents -ner nolmd -for I
oom-nared wilh 'the 1943 av-g rc f2. ents., Riore tporable
ofrdmeti tesasn14-44 ape, .At least, a partial ex-nlanat <
the weaker -noultry -drice-s.. Neverth'elesv, .Wholebije htd.,:rcsgij V
best grades and wetehts were at, or near ceilln oto h gp

Turke&Y b1rodction for 1941 Is Indicated' at lightly o0r
lbounds, 9 -percent more then in 1943, AInd percentt in. excess-of the
record estiblished, in, 1942'.. Favoqrgiz returns' to' tOrkeO rOwert -1
slightly easier feed. aup-lies, as well as. -strong c IAIivin, and milil
stimulpted t0is, recordDroductio4,,


.NW Prouctio in 1M45 Will "he Sig-ifichntl

Egg -oroduction- -in 1045 may be 8 to' 12 percent below, 19k
October 1, 1944, -ootential layers on farms wr 0 Tperc~ent fewo-.k
Iin..October 194, On the basis of past relationzhi-ps, thiswe
bably re sult in a 7. o 10 erdeit, reduction In the vimero
.:,-o farme January 1,.1545 'as compared` wIth them 1reviun Jai
iA rediiction i~n the number 6f bhickeni raised in 1045 wovad res~t
ip asjjghtlyA! ieter neliAe dec~rea*o-in ie qverage, ub
Ilay.era Par the Yeerta h hes idctdo ak
; Assmingaz changed rate flyi 95cvrdvh94
aQctlon would change in abouitthe same degree 'as: flock k-mabert
It is fosbl e, howeiveh the 14145 -rate qf la#~a
..equal the 1944 recoree
es-oeoially 'd-ring the winter mouthaoot Jnuuary andl Febrdary, zAy
be repeated. Farthermo e, findia .tion Otb i-94we i
#he. utinward. trend. in the 'ralib between tezO vubdo nlts
04; fvi aur (4,myb dutdo -o .

ii44.








avegai6- 4 A IiiIii'lil 111 ill I

Z


'N, 7 *t7

101,
6


J "o,
-T

4Z
T"I
Of,
6,t 'W
i,Id ;by 41a, Tht
f ;
4i f
4i
ey, -1 ,06P-O 1,60 of eO,, %f
f itzd to*' d dc -vrrvd' etvie 6h -11-4rin Iand-4-AbAl
a vias -much wtder 'than usura in' i944, nncl a, moderate decling in et 11'
aq come abpl wtthout afTecting farm tric.es .,a-oDr eci ablyA Howeve,*,'
;raim 3,t4e es I's, llk,-ly ejpecajy it Ahe -first q7-rrtercf,
ee(r eldrlibrl. 01th ''A7,0-p-11n, tl&,'. et-
t (7, :,Iiian consum-ptIan In, AboUt the';;
"6 S'S in 1,94 vi anj, nrlibabiy consilmi b e
;4cj 35? 6ggAj

'e 1945 d amnd: for r! ed flo, ,mrrv6 es, *o ba bl"y
'b sioYlf-ic-Fan ly amplIer than In 1944. hii
t 'Ok has TOirohaill t' s far, liiib
itd -D6mds` o -f axied wh6le,.egL-r;',far,'d'Qllverv" mmrfig, the" 1-5414,, I'
9,44 io jami,,: 194;), cha qI ez",Tay' total a ut
'tgUnda f6r -the- year. 0 viecl _5 t6 the end oft
'Ttbdk, -nb -,l Ition
tcr lolo'n hl's, I nlr g"e, r
+ Aon 6uh di o: f 4r i 4,"e' -. %h
by WYA in and fronen -form, and the fairly large inyeritoriO4 6f Ar i
.,#jUcI [Ingdam,,,:wGu 4 AhdAcnte a. shp,:qp clecljne in dried egg

J
'the -h CM



R"Ortt continue to indicate recoral TOn L
tti 'sli;-nlies of grain for the:feedyear ic)44-45.:, a)16 "' qo '4
P,1,3 to 15 -Oercent in the number of zrain-,consumina animals on. the 6M
Ja_=aTY 1.- -1 1945, compared with the year before, ther6 will be about 1
tola$ of fe8cl grai7% -per animal unit compared loith the lq37-IT1 fweraga O'f
1.,03 tafta,, Xith only moderat-e changes In feed mrices and epi --or'ices,14"
4_1
flt6 1944 levels, continuation: of 'low untavprhbje egg-f eed pt
ratik's 41mIlArto those in 1944 might be erpecte6., Yor the first 9 A
of 191kkj 'ttip eg eed'price ratio 1346 ed#aredwlth -the corr%,,
444ndiAg q w6nthe 10--YGAr (1933-4) averago- af, 15-7.



























r ~ i~u
4 *
4.
Tho ita~i


1 :,..... ,. .










t. .. ... .... .



. ... -.... ZIA..r : .. :

:::. / c":: ....::i::i "'" ." ... ; '
.I.., ..:" S ; ; .';.;: ,


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA


3 1262 08904 0769