Poultry and egg situation

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Material Information

Title:
Poultry and egg situation
Physical Description:
v. : ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service
Publisher:
The Bureau
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Creation Date:
August 1944
Frequency:
quarterly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Poultry industry -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Egg trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
Bibliography of agriculture
Citation/Reference:
Predicasts
Citation/Reference:
American statistics index
Citation/Reference:
Index to U.S. government periodicals
Statement of Responsibility:
Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with PES 1 (Jan. 1937); ceased with PES-308 (Dec. 1980).
Issuing Body:
Issued by: Agricultural Marketing Service, Dec. 1953-Mar. 1961; Economic Research Service, May 1961-Dec. 1977; and: Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, Mar. 1978-Dec. 1980.
General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
Description based on: PES-301 (Mar. 1979).
General Note:
Previously classed: A 93.20: and A 88.15/2:

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000502977
oclc - 04506769
notis - ACS2711
lccn - 79643440 //r81
issn - 0032-5708
sobekcm - AA00005304_00011
Classification:
lcc - HD9437.U6 A33
ddc - 338.1/7/6500973
System ID:
AA00005304:00076

Related Items

Succeeded by:
Poultry and egg outlook & situation

Full Text






y *.-.:" --. ,. .- -, r --,C" *'_
BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMY IC% '-
UNITED STATES. DEPARTMENT OF AGRIC U'I i

.ZPES 92 AUGUST 1944


-NUMBRE OF CHICKENS RAISED ON FARMS. CHICKS PURCHASED
1 .FOR RAISING. AND PERCENTAGE HATCHED BY COMMERCIAL
HATCHERIES. UNITED STATES. 1934-44


.; ;:' i;!:;~'.' ....






a
.. .1~.. .



s0


S 60
S1*








44
': .. .... .. ... "





2.0
I :: .
1,:: : .* !;,.,- .


'Chickens raised on farms





Chicks purchased for raising








S PERCENTAGE HATCHED BY COMMERCIAL HATCHERIES




___ ____ _____ ____ _

11 19,1
,-...-- ---" "


.""*": : "1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945
: ;ESTIMA TED
:" .." : '' i. lfl1S.A. IENRT OF AGRICULTURE NEG. 43827 BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS


":. 'll able egg-feed and chicken-feed price ratios during the first half of 1944 were pri-
:I, rinl rei jui8ble for the 20 percent decline from the 1943 record number of chickens raised.
However, ."th pi,:rcenitage decline from 1943 in chicks purchased for raising is estimated at only
.. t eracedt... A Irtng the past decade, there has been' a marked increase in the proportion of farm-
raised chickens that were commercially hatched.


........ .. ..


."..... .' ::. ..... :..
..~i ::: .... .. ... .. :....
4i ': I(












STATISTICAL SUMMARY


It
'1

rsuI/< 1LIt
(
,- p I


Layers ao Jamsa, mipber VC .
Number of bgs laiil perhien .
Total fal piroductei 'of eggs .
Stocks, eOls, 0r. S.:
Shell . .
Prouse . .
Total, shell and fmroen .
Dried whole eggs . .
Apparfet egg di appearance, civilian:
1T1al shell egg equivalent .
Dried egg production . .
Camnercial hatchery operations:
Boi s set . .
Chicks hatched . .
Receipts:
Pooltry, dressed, foOr markets .
Poultry, llve, Chicago .
Poultry. live, Ne Tork .
Poultry, live, Midnest, per plant .
Foat1 Ilial, ve. Kidwest, per piL t
TonaU stock, llTo, Midwemt, per pluea
Stocks, poultry.
Brollers . .
Fryers . .
asters . .
Powll Ikena) . .
Turkeys . .
Ducks . .
Hiscellasseos and unclassified .
Total poultry ., .
Prices received by fameTr:
Bggs, per dozen .
Eggs, parity price per dosen .
Eggs, percentage of parity .
Chickens, per posed .
Chickens, parity price per pound .
Chickens, percentage of parity .
Turkeys, per pound .
All farm cannodities 11910-14 = 1001
Chickens and eggs 1191-14 = 1001
Wholesale prices, Chicagoa
Bggs, standards, per dosea .
Live heavve ens, per pound .
Live Droilers, per pound .
Live roasters, light, per pound
Live roasters, heavy, per pound
Wholesale prices, New York
Dressed broilers, 256-0 pounds per
dozen, per pound . .
Dressed roasters, 48-64 pounds per
dosen, per pound .. .
Dressed fowls, 48-54 pounds per
aosen, per ponead .
Cash fans income
Total marketing . .
Poultry and eggs . .
Price ratios;
Chicago, broiler-feed .
Chicago, light romaster-feed .
Parm, egg-feed . .
Pam, chicken-feed .
PFar, torkey-fead . .
Parm, egg-laying mash .
Laying mash, cost per cut. .
Peed cost per cwt., faim poultry ration
Wholesale food prices 11136-9 = 1001
Retail food prices 11935-89 = 1001 .
Prices paid by farmers including titer-
eal and taxes I1 j-14 1001 .
Retail prices (BLS:
Roasters, dressed, per pound .
Eggs, strictly fresh, per dozen
Nonagricultural employees caopensa-
tion I1986-89 = 100) .


UNIT


AVERSi'

PERIOD I JUNE


4I4I 4 4II


Mil lion
Number
Mil. dos.

I 000 case
1.000 case
1.000 caes
Mit. lb.
Mil. dos.
Mil. lb.
AMillion
mi lion
Nil. lb.
Mil. lb.
mi. lb.
1 000 1b.
1.000 lb.
1.000 lb.
mi 1b.
Mil. lb.
MHi. lb.
Mil. lb.
Mil lb.
Mil. 1b.
Mil. lb.

Cent
Cant
Percent
Cent
Cent
Percent
Cent
Indes no.
Index no.
Cent
Cent
Cent
Caent
Cent

Cent
Cent

Cent
MAl. del.
itl. dol.

Lb. feed
Lb. feed
Lb. feed
Lb. feed
Lb. leaed
Lb. feed
alter
folier
Index no
Index no.
Index no.

Cent
Cent
Index no.


319s-42
588-41
1988-42

1988-41



1988-42


1983-41
191188-41
le5-42

1918-432
198l-4l
UKs-41I
1981-42


1918-43
193l-48
1988-43
1988-41
19383 -4

1918-42
1938-42
1983-482

1913-42
1913-42
1983-42
1985-42
1928-42
1918-42
1988-42
1988-42
1988-42

1938-42
1918-42
1988-42
1988-42
1913-42

1981-42
1988-42

1983-42

3131-42
1988-42

1988-42
1918-42
1983-42

1988-42
1911-42
1918-42

388-48
183-41
1918-41

1953-43


STO7. 1
14.44

7,664
8,996


278.8


76.5
14.2
6.3
106.
1i.44
11.01
38.
1.81

4.9
1.1
7.1
1' A

4. 1
11.6
61.9
17.9
21.8
81
14.5
14.8
98
15.4
106
95
19. 6
16.8
19.9
20.6
28.9

24.4
26.2
21.0

706
86

15.7
17.3
18.9
11.5
11.4

1.80
97.8
100.8


12.1
11.65

109.7


26S.5
12.94
375.8
7, 797
4,049
11 957

278.6


3.1
34. I
.I
9.4
16.98
9.1


6.01
1.8
5.5
II.7
14.3
6.5
13.8
61.1
19.6
24.1
80
14.5
14.9
97
15.6
108
101

20.8
11.2
19.21
19.5
21.3

22.4
26.8
20.8

814
89

16.3
16.4
14.7
11.0
11.6

1.16
98.8
101.8

180
31.0
14.1
107.0


8,871
8.607
17. 478

290.4
U.9
216.1
197.5
14.8
.8
10.9
25.68

13.668
1.5
1.7
2.
4.6
8.1
L
6.9
26.4

85.2
28.9
123
26.1
18.7
134
28.6
195
179
17.9
24.0
27.5
27.6
27.5
0.6

86.5
33I.0


1,384
2E.

18.0
13.0
16.9
12.1
11.9
10.9
8.23
2.01
18.6
141.9
183

44.4
51.7
2187.0


'See December 1943 Poultry end Egg Situation for definition of. and method of computing, ."nt disappearance. "
5End of month. Frozen eggs converted to case equivalent.
fresh firsts June and July 1933-42 average. Current Receipts. June and to July 11,1943s standards. 44 pounds, July 11t.0 2O48,
June and July 1944.



A====, ,


1944


8s.T? 881.4
15.0o 18.7~
445.85 878.4


8, 8789
9. 355


SILO
T, 148


E.I

104.3
33. 1
18.1
4.4
13.1
18.81
0.01

81.
8.8
8.9
11.0
6.6
2.2
10.2

52.8

12.8
18.8

198
18.3
188

24.0
27.5
27.6
27.6

S36. 5
36.5

832.5

1,544 .
196

12.9
1L9
1T. 1
11.9
18.4
11. 1
8.
186.6
181.0
154

44.5
54.1
2886.8


14.91
468.1

0,446
,7811
81.1
34.6

.5a

81.5
4.1
10.8
19.81
4.41
4.1
6.5
12.0
37.
85.8
5.0
80.0
180.8

28.1
30.0
94
28.8
19.4
123
80.0
193
154
33.6
23.4
29.6
20.9
29.9

38.6
58.5

84.4

1,605

11.1
18.1
12.2
13.8
10.4
18.3
7.7
8.68

184.6
186.7

170
48.0
45..7
131.5


186.4
11. T


10.826
10,098.

8W.6
81.5


4.5
9.4
0. 1!
17.11
19.91
8.0
7.8
13.86
41.6
25.7
7,7
17.4
142.1

81.2
83.7
93
24.2
19.4
115
80.1
198
166
85.4
84.7
27.4
38.8
U.S


87.4
17.s

88.8





13.8
8.a
13.1
I.5
38.6
La0
187.6

IT"

46.1
13.-


lit
101


IN'
123
113

108

111




11
183


B.
104
' .

.l
.1048

a,
99'



Lim
lill











*3-








m4"
TI


1015
111..


-l :!

14

ii



















31
u,.s.


I I A


f .. ,














keAtents:





SAccepthbee of Dried. Eggs.*I;
Cjiaago 'Housewives ...e......... 11,:
146rgin Between Farm bunt Re~tail:


Prices ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ..i ofrelAg .. .... 1


Gold,-,toxrage stocks: of shell eggs are the highest s.inc 4 D. gg

ion, Aow above last year's levels, may be, less in SeptemberLDe ember

a year earlier. Bwt supplies of eggs, particularly of, the 16wer grade

u etiful.. Retail-prices for grade'B and C eggs probably will'b

veln rlev1el64610. But wl th seasonally small supplies of the better Pradeg,

pt iTes for. top-quality shell eggs probably will be-at or near ceiling levels.

Theum'iA-Jaly average price received by farmers for eggs was 31.2 cent's

Vdr dOzen, 95peraent at parity. This, was, 3.1 ceftts above the mid.-June farm
Iyi~e for eggs biW 5.1 cent below last year. sncJly5wolsl ie

afr top gtades have risen moderately but prices of lower grades have declilied;'

tiightly, coiltragr to the usual seasonal rise.

Egg production on farms for the fist 7 months in 1944.was 112 million

daodt, exceeding last years output *y6Y percent. July egg product ion was

v etqemt above: lapt, year, the same percentage difference re-j.r t ee in June.
Wit 4R reqr&eastoa~bstoks f hel an frzenegi;iAi
$g~oducti-nt told





LY

Lg I -t t a e 0 4


e sholl egg equival erxtj vere paroplit


n 04n

decreased markettn~gsa.4fV*I iii :Laite EngI

imgs of youtgag 6t(* ere i;#dqaztlag s0466ll
The mid-July av' ag pri ceorev A rb'

slightlya-be, the Mid-Jue, pficeit't11"bt t
Simce mid-July whole sale equations on I1ve fovl have bee-d Za`,t

ing level 9b. bt those Of omg stock were bl ptn
the nuz or -of chck watched 4nd: o~f eggsg set by commercial'

frbelow latt Year. Sncedhatching thstm tte
for meat Production --commercial broiler's -g uppiso
poultry are expected. to be smaller, '6C, tpat
they wee ea year earlier.

Aypprx#Lmately. 2D, percent :bewer chic.kens, ,wre rate odnj
t ha n last The. nunber of U a er on f rm an a y ,

higil This as reflected inthe re a rd, egg prody~ct io deiri
7 Months of the, year. Hoiiever', fewer pulle1 a t s I e ava41 Maki
to laying fljicks thies-f~ajll.than,.last,, and' eM production is e,
below last year a levels in ,thev autmn The number of eg- t I z *
January 1, 1545- vAil be 6 to0 10 percent *A lidr Oali a yeaak 011

production in V16 firIV q atr of 19,cIeqdiy myh e
the first. 'quart er of I9.





I-M1









i 6

mc
:Flj! pj~qotyearm in J roucl io We aeas est9at9 'aea : I n
for ~ ~ l thtany~t h compa ratle eiOf YAotdpren.bv


... ... ofhh l
$M~ 'n Bos*Tton
thFofs e, Veth ~ grtecotne far hpeidJl1A

-bls e rn egg u c ftsionJleyo the-A qucut jo 12,. -te ali
Yhangs fcom Tare flith rviousW s 2

Ve$ ~ored n ulyOf1 41 Uie 192 'A' w. e egpb
j iarfrte rc~ g4ionhr u es hnteare~ iiiiiiii





'rz7mnts f h s yeregpouto e ayerio wa 9-,ev.
d~lrd=: :MMakts :
Meren monthn

170 te, wtk edig xst12 40n-5e wit last- ye ar.Re ips t
Pr ia'aks ,hcao Nw bkj1hjde iadBsciwr
e n fc os
ado lstyaE h60eta Vo '1 rmr
Pgmaten og-apIod- ~ wcit% f gscniie ra




IrT0 eeitsofsel gk tspcfidmakt
dn Eatrig.idinJuy2-uut1,14
entzge cap~s coiP~rd' ith~eviiiiY
iiii~~~V n iaiiiiiliii
r iiiii iii =iiiiiii iii









let p es a n
of I "emS 8AI" 10 rgrade4
R ";Oat, I

95 cmiz_&U#ag, toj(yWprioA.- *AS
Oil ing, I evIPIAD'O"

ee: fal,-t
0 Tr tt,
47
supplies a Ae'll ib% 'a h,
P ",r ea: vi
(2) a record total colI-storeLge holdii* of ahjeXi
d eL ereased recalremehts of, shell.,an4 fV j(
4-4. 0 Ompar7q'with 1q14 pza I

68 xiet I to,,
.Per: 4.0,; eA ihove4 O-mt, "the, U3*'Lliall,
;'oOi t dt yeav
1
Vi th fed& aln ng
-prioes raw i :r 6 011,10 1
f od rttio b,
er tz4or'e,,fq-V*rabI`p,, 'a
414Y 4t i3r :We ratio wts
v--, 6h t of, 't A: g"page,' f or 4i4y,
e 10-Yeax

WIPiarhMa bfDried-Ith 4.:
SU4 in a, it:

-Ma vwchasVr. of, dried vhol e.
19 word, approximately, 7 mili
Tclr.- chases of .4. 9 1 fort
*0 pilli on p 6U, )i We,

dr* r*aS 4 by TFA ar 9 b6,u t D)J- kL C6$
=6. mi-ttgd t
Pricsis, dharkl -bY vendor, 0 'be
Ildri;gd -eg, s et by Acroordln$itrt_ go)r pq
-which-limlto man-0 acturbral ffr ing
ffecUme., 'ThIs o.cd=red. during july.,
ado a 6f eges hbre
'04
t pr
Increaselp effective 14 Augus: in cetliqig pi of dxie& 4""
dehydrators, to A P.IMAtivn where UF c,%U d make:offe in a 4t o tow


The f 63,1,awin-' t b 1' a* s'&A 8":toirtfil: OA 'Oied wh c I e

T03. 2. ?N=1 nkf$, 6-C "Vh6le '66 Vidd, A
thr,
OU 44 '6h4dui.
V4
jear IP6bt,. Mar, 6f
MJJL
Nil I 7ijI.r
lb. IV. I'h* jjj'L
j3j Ab
fo, -13-, 5*2 Ze,*
942 12 9 1 23-4 19-3 1745. 180 5'1,,2` A
'a :?12. 6 191.4 1 t, ,, 4 11
7 2 00. 4 Alf 5,, i 6-
7-0- ?2&,0:







t

,Aut il P r e:

siAce
tId*# "s this
b4 t
0 are *n pchases on, tbo V rk
Zot Pro ationil
;n:smaal grIo A 4x
i 'a, .. at :Reoe;p :As W
ujar elm" er, fob V,




ftoft zt6-raga Of 1.6 M illioll, eiai%68 were the
th Ii 699 c6Lst6rage hold-
611i lcivLt 8 -We r tb 't- date sigcelg
04' I 'rja th hi&est fo
m last ar'. Thii Juljraite -of withdrawAl was
y9ax, Por thepas, 3 years.
6;5,,ier that: tfio. cteAfttlg reco t
a kei withdrawal, of shell eggg rom cold storap_-a in July.. Mki z
me t o f prqvi
to the 'next -ifto*e a probiabl qn bia
0 $y the shift in-the z`easanal patt&rr'L of e& produztion. Frozen,e gg-
391 million, po-unds onAugust I coAti nued to be-the grc-ate'st -ever.
Total eggs ocks of 20,1 pgg.equival6nt, were
ie4sea 'above lastyelarl's record:.
't the xer,&id mdvemit-tk shell-eggs from storage, I'a Jul -probably
Ot tj6 VF4 Wi hiip.ai S d;j611 'ga: toz*d in un'sui table titoraO.
ft tii8 resold to tho tride, f or.Aryi ag pu;Lp6Gbs. AA.'-&daitionaj
ejgo vi thdra%-Alz may bd merely a Oh inpoiltibit- from shel'
A
IC ftilrozfiw f oltii, slhoe,, f r o zen eg- s' shoved a rec-ord July Vat' input of 33 million'-,
000, case shQ11 69t' ulvalent'. Also j Iridr6&,ses,- in agg. prVime-o
biay 4ve`bebn_ pArly reponzible -for. th6:,e4v7 Wi thoxwal M
4' 'P ',Rbports from the 5 markets ihdioated 'that 'in Augu4,t withAraw
ie`r'e qojjjj,g'heavy, bat that the change in storhO pbigitlon,
_A6

Stoc It, 9 of drligd.: whole eggs in waro houdes were reported forthe fiftt
in thD JU13r Zdld Storage, Repol On.ATily'l such sto4s we.re 91 miluon -
d6 qd tht Ju#jist 'I holdings wVe reported at 95 millicin-poundb. Th6
ter eks are equAvalent, to about -3-m&nth. aviarW jDiod-LetjoA. Alth
$hdj'jr' frozen and dried e go., cold- t t eka i r4a
s or We Government ho,
jzqgtj t*-A*thA, of 'reporting, makes !t Mgfie'41 ot -to sepaiateITSd,,eral Oupp I a'
4ftoco9wM' al dN
:i, broldings Th VIA stqckz revoTte0l 4o hiot
c6 d- s *,r;Ve waxeho seo, ,not sh pp &

of Fowl Meqlini4 but Y M
s af he -f owl d=tng Augw t, we-ro
iohs ve" that marXeting avy
41y, bwt MarlCeiings '0 retmg at,Ck, showed peas ota, %ia
*A7 W4 4,4544 that far, re6elpter of 'forl'at kiftes' arylmrkt-'
Yeext but t arcjAtage ip=easea wnr he ri
6f "Ust, -he,,pp Pra 'Due- Ose?*,









smaller, wfta,Ye '0,
Y 29, receipts of ;P04AI,
iiiioiabd August 5 aia, :Lp.*441'
"I 't ,, I I I I I "I'll 11 "
and rede4W-a ,X*dwosto,
S a O-

P1>1 ve
July Wd early A AA41 if etlv,
,qaotations on Y0VxIg SO' Ixpwuosr,
ceiling pr QID$w

Frozen joultry IW414& Lbm LLM, D
Above AverWe,
dwan ppiatry PtoakgL -t
Pr 061A
:totalod 142, million pabt&,s, on
7 milli= puands' bjV' StOCIM Of

Vn 40-SrMR in lc*4 jWte
At elow kt
f6z 1?6 th' diad :t
In a:repoM: b"ed on rQtiirns I ou PrMXT
ttattha njmbor of chickens ai"S in!,91 'is blr
below last year but 9 ereent abov Year (1933-44 "Ot
tdnf;'Lons report is of, Tplr ,Y l"ih4#-atoa 7,
'be ralse&. Loww:Uter'aud spring.6,-g pr pos x
price, relaticuiships. were primarily reqq4sible- fft tb;a -e 4r
A t
i 'V::bt c4Ar 1,
9specially prdno=ced, in the $outh Gentrza' Stit)os whiab i14 TOrl
=Zed froM a-E6-ficit egg profte#:g, 0TQA'tO ne 40
M I&st year, werp-, in vi ore
bxdii,kt in f ron other. St,-.taz t e,
ou:,Iaverc e -are gt fbIIQV*I- ok,
Y(36r! 131, teeoAa entaa `bzusi
per cent n r
'SaSt IT03;UL Central, to Per 'Go' t" 01"
S=tbL Atlantic, 82 percevL uth Centrel, 6PA Irtlt-t,
01r, LOU

kVTRO=., AefLeetiAg;. x'ecor-' xmAer'Of 1, 4
hi&est'rat 3.,P7 eve reottgd,, egg
lor' he, f ir st 7-Tioh4s if '1944, t 't ud 311 ?
a -r;,coT44 ar t(hat Period -;nd 49 -p or q0tit a6ld'thei
(1933-4), alx ge for 4,orresponclin'g-Mpnt,]i As a, te,,qlt
total 0014. torage stocks (sh6ll'and Yroze'n) 'on AUgar-t 1L
were squivuleut., of' 8 -at
:to-, 20.1 nilion caao Ogg%, at*
2.2 million cases 'Abov e last ear t i, pqvIS,, Prob6I)l*, Iq- 4
:15 percent of the ttal consf Ud of 1,TAP-6V*A, 4TV

06maer -l'batcharles
ar -of:'thiS.YPZW:,, 22, per dent


















fAf
Z'~~ 0j I. I g
i .
LL







04



laa
Z iiii
iiii


mm
II







Srecord,'I percent iblow 19446, but atbl-e thia i]
for any previous year. In June fmd Otlyo 0 r
number of chicks hatoWe thtaledl only 101 ml~
pcent of last years high, level, but 19 een
ihe'54:ea (1935,439) average.


j 1?hell Eggs t ThIs &

Dold-storage stald" of shell eggs an August, I, Were rp
Million causest, the largetrt hd1dilags for UMa date. since: 1930-
amount the Office of Distribution, reports holdings, of 1-5 mil~l
an undetermined quantity 0hich hAd been ordered out of storage
With demands for later drying, (September: 19UL-Jatnuary -19,45) far
of-the paqt 2 year, andL record frozen egg. Atocks: so that Bfiifts
to frozen are unlikely,, it appears ttat stocks held 1w the trade
in shell form are above any A-ugust.1 holdings of the: paWt 3 Yegrst#,

2uples of shell eggs for civI ians, in the: last mnh
probably will be at least as large as In theq lost 4 months of 194
Production may be below the record level of jart .flbut this
by large suTpplies -now in storage.
Larger share of, the shell egg ar xp ce t eof low
the time of withdrawal from storage this year, compared with othpr,,
yeras This is largely due to two reasons: This past spring sa ft
portion of the shell egas g-torpd were ppacke4 in fiber-board cases,
substitute for the prefere wod-cnanr'l eause of tho
occupancy of coolers, some shell eggs were stored in m7ake,-shif t. A

Fith consumer imcqme8 about the sBame a s last yqtirf it is._reas
to expect a repetition of the demand situation for- shell ,ejggv whic
last fall and early winter. At that time the demand for big qual i
eggs at prevailing, ceiling prices equaled and Ln siqme instances e.No
available supplies. However, lower grades were below ceiling lervells,
most of last fall and winter., Since'a larger proportion, of the- stotir
holdings this year are expected to grade :B and G, it appears that sq 4
these grades will be, larger than last year.. Accordingly, wol e sa le p,)
lower grades of eggs may be below last -year's levels.

Yo r the September-Zecember -period, storage eggs usua2lly accoupM
about. one-fifth of the eggs marketed, Howevex, most of teqg ae
storage are marketed in large urban centers. Accordingly:,.tho. propoetio
of storage eggs consumed during September-Decemben in cities with pC)pui'11
.over half a million is much greater than the nationwide 'averages
Egg Production in First 1u94rofA
To be. Lower Than in1

Judging from past relationships, the number of layers on farmsthe
day of 1945 should. be 9 to 10 percent less than on Zanuary 1, 1944.
recent increases of the egg-feed price, ratio: because Gi seasagnax riso-











193


ex t3a

0,


44

3P,
t4 y4ar I
P, a er
NE e
t,-:wquld, appeav`thRt
Itt, 'q 6 t jo,r i4iy be, la,,'thap last

MI* o




ur'v6j 6n 'a6b6*'tan-, e or Ac,da
3 ng
jLti& 'i-n7, the "JIaly
the
_6iid 't"d be Oeeu
drd.ed, whQIe iagge the-
ie s o, %lice
e 6f'fattors condualve, tivah i;ikvar4'b!P-e'


h bt )4'a d 001"OW; q].Is
er o

A wo ld'Sr64 bV'

_onzwer.bd t ho%-,+46iitd 4e
4)6rot -bat t
p 'if, t hey co n't Iejg- 0%4 frush
s "the fres-h-, ''-atd-21 veicep
2" nt -lteporto
PtI7 m A3


-tile: Oea rbauot in- tasu'?

the, IP2 houzodvvz, vere divided iz f `9 *rdob*,
b,tter than fresh. 42'parceo ebu2d rRA,'t'
not As good ar. f resh e,s, and percent d-i d aa t knor
Prqt)Atimq -is &
*,C*ive s w"-e aikod If the;'k *OW"W
&,)64,dte d tio. p.r' am,WAO&vkvl-e" dig 4AA tiie










mrripa: bit lheilf Cap sold Ili r'"i$toes
,Zdiat's t hat., altog n ojC 4)N
-:oesile and retail prices mirq ba*6 ekA tiohe3Iiii
e404e the make-ups were' nqtR gnhdfieefo

A comparison of th6,aLS retail price for 4hellteggs
*.-Price. received by farpers ai 'reported by thae Seatet6
an Indication as %o 'the etaiesmr-y lhd6ti'p
average price receive& by farmersod the average retail price,
margin tslrelutively mall and lxsially varies little

In abl h farmto-retaillpiesrd agtpo
cents banil' and, alto in" teirmg;o the percentage 40f th6 reraj
eggs representedd by the average e price received by farmers#

Inthe re-war Period, (19535-39) ,. the, qprea 'be tween theo
andL f a=-mpri ce ranged from a low of' 12,-3 cents* the-Ap'ril, a7 4
cents, th6'e'ept'ezber average. Percexxtagexwise,-farmeks rci7 ved vlv
percent of the consumers, dollar for.eggs in March t6 67-5 percett
The spread was lowes~t-on a cents-per-dozeA batio' in the sprftg, -bit 6kv41
percentage basis was Ividest at that season.

The war years 1942 ahd 1943 brought rising egg pI cets Al
spread. between the farm price and the-retail pricV 9f, shell eggs 14n,'
Years an a cents-per-dozen basis ranged rom a low Of 13-9 cents it'g
foa high, of 22 cents ii 'October .143, there, was 'rpmarkably little c
a per~ceztage babis -- a range of from 62.Y to 70o3 per~eet- The'avdt
spread on a. Cent s-per-do zen basis was higher in _1942. =d 1943 than, 'n
1935-39 period, but on a percentage basis'the margin :wassiiidtl
For Fe~bruary_,Jip.e 1944. the cents-per-,.dowe..; and petceutage -margins bt'
farm pride and the' retail price were. highe-rkt~ha4 in te 'sam-b months tv
and 1943. Although the margins fror' the first 6-months-of 19.44 'Waei'
in absolute amounts, than in 1935-39,, thV farm price a peebage,6,
'price vas greAter -in 1944 than the afrerage -f 193-3fo esae n

One general -conclusion might be drawn as tothe retaWler*a
for silell eggs'.: 'hat is., that- in ioeriods o-? -i'gh -Priaes., ai In th'
retailerio ten& to, have a greater mark-up in dollara and cen,s, bltp#
agewvise this mark-up tends io be less thn ipeod' 6f low pricez







044 9ydjib l e a' e94"O igOo pri ce adBLt t'
ris; 46@ ae yrpx i# i of BLS retail prices



4. 11 3 2* 1. 4- 1 5 W3 16- C. Pet 1 .,


6- 1 .244 1 L. 4 44'16619,2.52.12 1.4
2016 1 1 i6.2 1660 '165.5 17.9 '20.4 1.:1 .22.,0 20N3 .19. 0
1 *7 '4T1 17-9, 2,7,7 17'06
c o e de f ae c n a g f S S er
c C.Pt., P) 'ot. Ye et. Pat. Pat


S. 09 9. 895 5. 57o5, 5-7-8 57-6. -5503 62-9 67.5 66.6
615' 6. 95.0 5.0 64.8 6K6 644o 6R2q3 62-9 6 'q 65.9, 66.g
6;t 672 67*6 6T 5 68.1 '68.--67 6-.5 6603 0-3, 099 -70.3
63- 7 Ow,. 5,M 3.602 0. .5




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
IIIHIIIIIIIIU11111 IH I IIIIII 1111311
3 1262 06903 9415


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