Poultry and egg situation

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Material Information

Title:
Poultry and egg situation
Physical Description:
v. : ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service
Publisher:
The Bureau
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Creation Date:
March 1942
Frequency:
quarterly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Poultry industry -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Egg trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
Bibliography of agriculture
Citation/Reference:
Predicasts
Citation/Reference:
American statistics index
Citation/Reference:
Index to U.S. government periodicals
Statement of Responsibility:
Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with PES 1 (Jan. 1937); ceased with PES-308 (Dec. 1980).
Issuing Body:
Issued by: Agricultural Marketing Service, Dec. 1953-Mar. 1961; Economic Research Service, May 1961-Dec. 1977; and: Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, Mar. 1978-Dec. 1980.
General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
Description based on: PES-301 (Mar. 1979).
General Note:
Previously classed: A 93.20: and A 88.15/2:

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000502977
oclc - 04506769
notis - ACS2711
lccn - 79643440 //r81
issn - 0032-5708
sobekcm - AA00005304_00011
Classification:
lcc - HD9437.U6 A33
ddc - 338.1/7/6500973
System ID:
AA00005304:00070

Related Items

Succeeded by:
Poultry and egg outlook & situation

Full Text














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CHICKS AND YOUNG CHICKENS PER FARM FLOCK
ON JULY 1. UNITED STATES. 1929-41


.ume.
KSq


p9 1931 1933 1935 "1937 1939 1341 19d


.L Omusalr us NMCUaulm


OS lacM Sopls" orS ASUIcULnKLc Ecomuics


1k
t1~






a


TURKEYS RAISED IN THE UNITED STATES, 1929-41


I: :.. : 1931 1 l 133 1935 1937 1939 1941 1943
t N S e!!E .....c.e MS, Sl
. ... .. .... .


BECAUSE 1 THE FAVORABLE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FEED PRICES AND EGG
ICES D0RIRSf THE PAST YEAR, IT IS LIKELY THAT THE NUMBER OF CHICKENS
l:. RAISl OR0 FARMS THIS YEAR WILL BE 6 TO 10 PERCENT LARGER THAN IN 1941.
I A SIMILAR IROREASE IN THE NUMBER OF TURKEYS RAISED IS LIKELY SINCE
": TURKEY RAlGlNG IN 1941 WAS UNUSUALLY PROFITABLE AND THE .NUMBER OF TURKEY
HEN8 ON FARMS IS LARGER THIS YEAR THAN LAST.


MARCH 1942


. 4 ". ,, .


. .. .. ..


.. ... .... '










EGGS
I DOZENS I


4
CENTS PER
DOZEN


NUMBER


U S DEOPRTTI.NT OF AGRICuLIUkE


PERCENT
;; .


80
CASES
f MILLIONS I


0
NUMBER
MILLIONS


350


325


300


275


I. i. I I Ij 1250
APR. JULY OC)T.
A M S DATA. EJWC.PT.NONIAC.ICULTURAL EMPLO
,*: .' : ; -


. FIGURE I


NONAGRICULTURAL .,
. EMPLOYEES'" .-.
COMPENSATION
\ 1924-290100)

1942 L ] '
I .. .....


Average e
1931-40 V :..

JAN. APR. JULY i T;
SEES' COMPENSATION

NEG S 3 U AUf AG NICULI RM ::"i i


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141
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-Qfm ca iralrW it*P

.............. iT -
14141aou tilo
UntdSae.Te10|lo upti-
a i yerori ran a- _zli w I_4
of-aam cal boi~et iinall, t6
the im~ theMovmen, f5fxq g Gi_*H4 i'1
brie Prdcinnw'tsI- L t
broier ooduers o pi*,helrbpertam
numbrs t te sauetim tht maice~ins 0
wel uualliin,
at a ea 5oally igh I
Chicken jrice` inProaect
The ffets n, cic'efi-rips o th, &i. 1|
yearctaybe ore hanoffst b farhe. Lmpov-
Prieoof thr ~iet re xuctd t aer~q of~dea~;;
thanlas an~reLai r e!of 6o;; in eqeal bbn~l
in cmingnonh-s- Pries or~yung hiceris-il
ear piglv!l sh-ktLF-fs[, hcrn ot
Markt slo-lies offow vroabl -wll b laparthi
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44 '4qrv, As control' 4re t tp "Ah
price change6- wi, g "tht,
It-ptippj-y-de=rid, cohclt'i on's to,
,pr6ductlon ,and' distrihutio* 01- ;j











Table 1.- Eggs: Production, storage holdings, purchases by the United States
Department of Agriculture, and- commercial hatchery operations


Storage stocks. first purchased by the USDA Commercill hatch-
ere Totlthe mnthery operations
tr number far'* Privately owned Owned by USDA egs
e of ala prduc- Blue Frozen Dried Eggs Chicks
Iat fr laid tion of Shell Frozen Shell Frozen Direct taep2 eggs eggs set hatched
S ban e chases pur-
Schases

M iaN b million 1 .000 1.000 .00 000 1000 1.000 1.000 1.000 Milliona Mhilians
N coas caaes cases case caoes cean cases pounds pounds egts chicks




*.4 .7 7.9 313 1,9S5 301 0 4 126 0 0 91.8 41.2
318 10.3 9.1 272 1.435 25 0 173 140 0 0 192.9 88.0
308 15.0 12.8 231 1,206 16 0 72 165 0 0 334.4 193.7
4 -,. 205 16.9 .13.,9 1,065 1.691 25 0 387 182 0 0 356.0 237.8
vih 280 17.4 13.5 2.816 2.654 215 0 399 179 15.527 840 272. 1 224.2
.ipe 266 15.1 11.1 4,960 3.788 415 0 38 194 6.240 735 126.3 131. 1
y 254 13.8 9.7 6,.100 4,372 327 391 317 169 42.218 4.750 37.6 29.6
Au4g .M49 12.2 8.5 6.402 5,156 239 47 97 211 2.205 6.525 30.8 19.2
-Sept. 263 10.0 7.4 5,512 4,661 619 512 88 193 0 5.546 30.2 19.1
Oet. 291 8.2 6.6 4.846 3,977 595 781 92 196 0 12,687 32.0 20.5
Nuw. 318 6.5 5.7 3,271 3,373 586 729 16 118 0 4,247 34.8 22.6
Dec. 341 7.3 6.9 1.278 2,756 392 698 72 124 0 9,284 38.9 24.6



5942
Jan. 368 9.2 9.4 298 2,187 251 361 142 119 0 10.550 93.9 46.9
Pab. -362 10.6 10.7 138 1.663 193 372 175 0 18.121 244.1 95. 1
ar.3 393 1.641 128 324


Ten-year averages 1931-40 Comparable data. 1940

an. 32 6 6.8 6.2 819 1.916 0 (4) 26 27 (4) (4) 57.2 30. 1
Feb. 332 8.9 7.9 270 1.616 0 41 37 154.4 54.7
Mar. 312 14.2 12.3 182 1.386 0 291 51 308.0 165.9
Apr. 298 16.6 13.8 1.257 1,540 58 197 66 319.8 236.5
ly 282 16.8 13.1 3.886 2.157 25 662 71 194.4 178.6
June 264 14.3 10.5 6.516 2,872 318 870 72 70.9 77.8
July 250 12.8 8.9 7.719 3.363 933 160 77 28.1 22.3
4Au. 244 11.3 7.6 7.855 3,440 1.068 71 90 19.3 12.3
Lpt. 24 9.0 6.4 7.338 3,250 1.025 0 89 20. 1 12.6
Oct. 276 7.0 5.3 6.169 2,929 901 0 96 22.1 I 14.4
ie. 298 5.1 4.3 4.256 2.573 717 0 92 22.5 14.5
Dec. 319 5.4 4. 8 2.128 2,217 545 0 104 32.3 17.1


I Case equivalent.
2pAdjusted for wastagi
S Prellmlnary.


In distribution.


'%bo purchases during 1940.


I "












Table 2.- Poultry: Receipts and storage holdings


Receipta Receipt. oi live poultry Storage stocks first of the month
af
drssmed Mid-west, average weekly
Year poultry receipts per plant MEimel-
and at 4 New nE M
month princI- Total Fowl oun Chicago Y Broilers Fryers Roaster Fowls Turkeye Ducks ma.'no-
pal poultry atock claiis I-
mrkets fild


1941
Jan.
Feb.
mar.
Apr.
Maby
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.


Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Ocf.
Nov.
Dec.


Million 1.000 1.000 1,000
pounds pounds pounds pounds


26.8
18. 5
18.4
19.2
29.2
27.3
28.3
32.7
34.4
48.5
74.9
80.7




25. 2
16.8


Care Care Million Million Million Million Million MNillan UllAIen
a" r o pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds p f. pas


282
277
262
318
393
394
371
402
431
523
485
486




290
262


602
382
473
655
538
546
558
530
701
694
625
727




498


14.3
12.9
10.8
8.0
6.0
4.3
3.6
3.6
5. 3
8.9
14.0
17.6




16.1
16.1
12.8


41.5
35. 2
29.0
22.0
18.0
14.9
13.8
14. 7
18.0
20.6
29.6
37.7




44.2
37.5
31.6&


60.6
6S. 3
59.3
47.0
36.2
30.4
28.0
19.8
12.8
9.2
8.2
2L I




50.0
59.6
55.3


1.0
S.8
3.7
L-7
1.7
*3. 5
6.6
9.8
IM7
12.6
11.1
1 .4


30. 9
SL 1


16.9


16.6
17. 2
19.0
0.6
3S.8
35.0
3S.C




39.6
35.7
JI5.2


Average Nine-year averages Five-year averages 136-40
1931-40 1932-40


24.8
17. 8
16. 8
15.6
19.7
22.6
22.4
23.9
96.6
33.3
71.2
67. 1


-a


7. 2
7. 7
7. 2
8. 1
10. 0
10.8
8.8
7.8
8.3
10.4
10.8
10.8


2.1






2.9
5. 1
9. C
14.
16.
18.:
10.1


246
243
279
317
383
418
375
380
395
400
467
419


644
618
764
761
676
705
661
661
827
695
786
830


25.0
22. 2
19.4
14.4
10. 7
10.1
12. !
12.5
13. 2
14. 1
18.9
24.6


30.5
36.6
34.4
23.9


21.6
20.1
16.0
1L4
8.0
6.6
22. 9


5. 2
3. 7
14
L4
1.2
2.4
"4.
7.6
9.6
9.7
9.0
7.9


23.3
22. 3
18.8
14.5
1L4
IL2
12.8
13.5
14.8
16.1
18.
24.6


ICar equivalent of receipts by freight, truck and express.
2Date for young stock are for less than a month. For this reason total young stock and fowl iA greater thmn total
poultry.
3Preliminary.













Table 3.- Poultry and eggs: Prices, wholesale and farm with percentages of parity.


SAerage prices received by farmers Average wholesale prices at Chicago
SIndex numbers
Tear Actual prices Percentage of parity (Aug. 1909-July Poultry, live
Sr1914 = 100) r rueh
g gChr.. Chiia Tkirc n Heavys Broiesd lRock
Srde. p.r 1b.ep.r lb. 1*s Ebickens Turkey. ditle and e n r d. hen. L Heavy
per pb. k i per l b, per Ib. per Ib.


Ceni Cena Cents Percent Percent lPercent


19.7
16.8
16.4
19.7
20.1 I
23. 2
25.6
26.8
30. 8
31.8
35.5
36.1




31.3


15.5
15. 1
15.2
15.5
15.4
15.4
1. 8
16. 1
17. 5
18.8
W. 2
20.9




20.5
20. 0


75
69
72
87
89
184
100
95
90
83
82
89


94
* 96
98
107
110
109
111
105
104
99
95
96


84
82
82
83
82
81
82
82
88
03
98
101


105 102 98 149
99 104 94 145


Cents Centa Cents Cents Cents


16.3
16.7
17.4
19.4
18.7
19.0
19.4
19.1
20.3
18.9
18.4
19.8




22.0
21.8
21.4


18.0
18.8
21. 1
21.9
19.6
18.8
20.0
19.8
20.4
21.2
20.2
19.8




18.6
20.8
23.3


19.0
19.5
21. 2
21.4
19.3
18.2
20.2
19.2
18.4
18.5
18.1
18.6




18.6
22. 2
25.0


19.4
21.1
23.1
23.8
21.5
20.9
22.0
19.3
18. 1
16.9
16.5
19.4




22.4
24.3
. .8


Ten year svwrages 1931-402 Comparable data. 1940


20.8
17.6
15.6
15.4
15.4
15.3
16.8
18.4
21. 5
. 2.4
27. 7
26.3


13.3
13.4


14.1
14.0
13.1
13. 7
13.6
13.9
13.3
12.0
12.7


16.8
16.4
16. 1
15.8
15. 1
14.5
14.4
14.5
15.3
15.3
16.3
16.4


70
69
70
71
72
72
71
71
71
71
71
72


90
91
93
96
96
94
94
92
94
91
89
87


91
88
87
85
81
78
78
78
82
8S
88
89


95
94
93
93
92
91
94
95
97
95
95
95


102
92
85
86
86
85

90
95
106
114
125
119


14.9
15.0
15. 1
15.8
14.9
14. 1
14. 1
14.9
16. 0
15.1
14.9
15.5


16. 3
17.7
19. I
21. 2
23. 1
18.5
17.3
17.6
17.
18.0
18. 7
17.9


16.2
18.0
19.7
21.6
24.4
20.2
17.8
17.7
16.2
15.8
15.9
17.7


16.5
19.3
22.0
24.0
27.0
24.7
20.3
18.6
16.5
15.6
16. 1
18.1


IA1erages of prices In first half of month.
2Pive-year average, 1936-40 for turkey. (actual price and percentage of parity).


AM.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.





Sept.
Oct.

Dec.




. .. a* r ... .......+tr'i t uniii||,: UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA



3 1262 08904 0629


amd
egg a


Table 4.- Poultry and egg:t Cash inas. price rat iou. cost of faed used
in poultry ration and index number of related series
I r


Price ratio


ilolesale prices.
Chicage


Feed-
broiler
(Barred
lock)


Feed
light
rosaterm
(Rockite
Hock)


Farm priest


Feed.-
egg


Fred-
chicken


Feed-
turkey


Cot of
feed
used in
farm
poultry
ration
(per
100 ibM:


male
food
prices
(B.S)


Inden numbers ietil.1 1

Indicated bue period id0
----- I ----- I ----- ---.- Ki^U_ 1I :Mkl


Retail
food
prices
CaLs)


- I --I -- 4I- 4 4 i


MillimO
do I erm




56
45
56
72
83

94
88
87
98
123
117


Pmads I P unds Doen IPounds Poi Dollr 1
chicken Ichickan I ads chiJcken turkey oir f


1.15
1. 14
L 16
1.34
I. 3
1.33
1.37
1.39
1.47
1.40
1. 3
L 47





1. 58
1.64


93. 2
92.9
95. I
98.5
100.5
105.1
107. 1
110. 2
113. 1
112.4
112.9
114.4





11B. 5


Five year averages 1936-40


1935.-39




97.5
97.9
98.4
100.65
102. 1
105.9
106. 7
108.0
110.7
llL
113. 1
113. 1





116.2
116.


Prices I
vuid byNO


laslhd-
itn in-
terest
L t.m


1910.14





128
13M
120
129
130
132
133
136
138
141
143
143





146
147


tiod
tleO .


19214-.




115.2


IJS.9
123.9

130.6
115.1
130. C
134.9
138.0
137.9
142.6


dollars




667
550
610
665
747
773
889
1. 101
1, 298
1.442
1. 233
1.151


M,52


Ten year averages 1931-40O


1941
Jan
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug
Sept.
Oct.
Nor.
Dec.




1942
Jan.
Feb.
Mar.








Jan.
Feb.
Jhr.
Apr.
May
June
July
Auj
Sept.
Oct.
Now.
Dec.


49
43
48
61
65
66
75
74
72
57
82
71


1. 13
1. 14

I.3

1.20
1. 17
1.22
1.21
1.21
1. 11
1.08
1.3


93.0
92.3
91.7
91.3
90.7
91.
92.6
93.6
95.4
94.0
93.8
92.9


96.7
95.9
95.6
95.7
95.7
96. 1
97.0
97.0
98. 2
97.2
96.3
95.7


83.0
83.0
M4.0




819
84.7



2.5
85.1
87. 7
8.1
M. 2


I L 1 i I I II I _


IeHsed on averages for first half of month.
2Elg iuated.

3Five year urerase. 1936-40. for turkeys


Cash f r


Year
and
month


Total
from
rfarm
market
ings


140.1


-_-_- L... .-- -


603
492
527
515
547
577
699
733
865
1.001
839
721


, .. .. .... :X:GI ...