Poultry and egg situation

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Material Information

Title:
Poultry and egg situation
Physical Description:
v. : ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service
Publisher:
The Bureau
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Creation Date:
January 1940
Frequency:
quarterly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Poultry industry -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Egg trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
Bibliography of agriculture
Citation/Reference:
Predicasts
Citation/Reference:
American statistics index
Citation/Reference:
Index to U.S. government periodicals
Statement of Responsibility:
Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with PES 1 (Jan. 1937); ceased with PES-308 (Dec. 1980).
Issuing Body:
Issued by: Agricultural Marketing Service, Dec. 1953-Mar. 1961; Economic Research Service, May 1961-Dec. 1977; and: Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, Mar. 1978-Dec. 1980.
General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
Description based on: PES-301 (Mar. 1979).
General Note:
Previously classed: A 93.20: and A 88.15/2:

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000502977
oclc - 04506769
notis - ACS2711
lccn - 79643440 //r81
issn - 0032-5708
sobekcm - AA00005304_00011
Classification:
lcc - HD9437.U6 A33
ddc - 338.1/7/6500973
System ID:
AA00005304:00045

Related Items

Succeeded by:
Poultry and egg outlook & situation

Full Text
-.7


UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
WASHINGTON

PES-37 JANUARY 3, 1940


THE P O ULTR Y AND EG G S I TUATI O N
-------ma-a--------m---------------------------------


U. S. COLD STORAGE HOLDINGS OF POULTRY AND EGGS ON JANUARY 1
POUNLIS
I MILLIONS
POULTRY

150I Turkeys
Other poultry



100 -- -








CASES
I MILLIONS I
EGGS
SFrozen
Shell







3 ----------- -----







0 -1 iI


ESTIMATEDD FROM STORAGE HOLDING OF S6 CITIES
NEG o95oB


U S DEPARTMENT or AC.RICULTuRE


BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECOIOmICS











THE POULTRY AND EGG SITUATION AT A GLANCE


EGGS
(DOZENS)


7



6



5



4



3
CENTS
PER
POUND
18


17


16


15


14


13
NUMBER




40




30




20




10


I
PER FLOCKm







-1939-


CENTS
PER
POUND

18




16




14




12
CENTS
PER
DOZEN

30



25



20



15


I I -i w F 1


JAN. APR. JULY OCT. JAN.
*INDEX NUMBERS. A iTE FOR SEASONAL VARIATION

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NEG 35739


ON IST. DAY OF MONTH

BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS


FIGURE I


I I
EGG PRODUCTION






__ /
f -1938 -





*, Average
1928-37


i I
EGG PRODUCTION


I





PES-37


TH E P O U L R Y A i Ei; S I T U A7 ? I IT


S: r;m. r'

Lo'.;er -g r.rices, cou.ple.' w'it higher feed cots, have ca-ised the

Chicago feel-egg ratir t) rise .,ery raPilly since the w.)eek enired november 1F.

The rise .as be',,n iuch greater than for Lbe correspordiar w* reks of 1958S or

"the 192-37 everago incr ase for those wee'_s. For the -rceir ended December 237,

v'er 2 dozen r.c-re gc-'.s were required to r,;urchase IC(O p',rids of poultry feed

than in the corresno,,ndirin- week of 1c<3 and 2 4o-en more than the 192g8-7

.vera5,.. fc.r that -eek.

E-r prr.dicti.:n r:r fl-ck_ on December 1 *.as the largest on record for

that d?,t.: n-\ percent larf.:r than orn V..emrer 1. In no other .y-ar on record

has "r-. ..' -: ir cr :asw ",f.t.-ern th-,ese twor, d tec. As a result. of the increase -d

productL..: ., rices have declin.rd sharrly sinca the middle of November.

Prices recei"-..d y farmrrrs for eggs dronrc.d 5.., cett.s er dozen between

IJovu-mber li ald Deceimber 15.. In onl;, one other ye:,r since 1ir10 have farm

prices dro!.;ed more th--n 2-- cents bet 7een these two ')lit s. -in D'ecemb,-,r 15

farm e-g pric-e w;re 7.14 cnts p-.r doen- below rices a -ear e-mrlier and 9,.3

cents belori the 1J 2S"--'-37 a'.-er'-gi- for Dccem.br 15. Since recer-b3r 12' wholesale

prio.s have: b en s.Frport somL..at b., purch's.-s for the Federal Surnlus

Conmr.'ioditi:s C: rpora.tin.


The 414-1 Ariculturrl Cutlcck -Chart Pok :
for PoulTr-:. ard '_gs is no av'il~b'ie tn r.adpr: :
: of T-e Pciitr.' ?iid E;gg. Situation. Any re.- er wioL
: vArt co.-',' '; l, tn.in it upon r'-, .sct to th:
Division of Ecrinomic Informaticn, PB.ureau of Agri-
: cultural Economics, Wachington, D. C.






Storage stocks of poultry usually reach a peak during January. Stocks

at the 26 major storing cities on December 23 were 23 percent larger than on

the corresponding date in 1938 and 35 percent above the 1928-37 average.

During December the into-storage movement was materially above that in

December 1938. The increase in stocks consists largely ef turkeys and fowls.

Market receipts of poultry have also been above those of a year earlier.

Supplies of poultry are expected to continue larger than in 1939 during th:.

first half of 1940.

Prices received by farmers for chickens on December 15 continued about

2 cents per pound below those of that date in 1938 and almost 3 cents belom?

the 1928-37 average for December 15. Turkey prices were almost 3 cents below

those of a year earlier, end the same amount below the 10-year average.

FEED-EGG RATIO

As a result of lower egg prices and higher feed costs, the feed-egg
ratio at Chicago has been rising very rapidly since the week ended Hovember IS.
The ratio usually begins to rise by the end of November, but the increase this
season has been much greater than that of a year earlier or than the 1l2c- 7
average increase.

For the week ended December 23, 2.2 dozen more eggs were re uired to
purchase 100 pounds of poultry feed than in the corresponding week of 1938,
and 2.0 dozen more than the 10-year average for that week. It is expected
that more eggs will be required to purchase 100 pounds of feed duririn the
first half of 1940 than were required in the corresponding -eek' cf 1939 or
the 10-year average number.

Feed-egg ratio at Chicago
(Do7ens of eggs required to buy 100 pounds of poultry r.ttin:r.

: ___Week ending as of 1939
.Year : January :Mar.:June: Sept.:Nov.: !L c.-rib er
:_ 7 : 14 : 21 : 25 : 24 : 30 : 25 : 2 : 9 : : : 3i
Doz. Dez. Doz. Doz. Doz. Doz. Doz. Doz. Doz. L':'. Dr Loz.
Average
1928-37 : 4.67 5.04 5.26 6.51 6.87 5.63 4.o4 4.09 4.30 4.,5 4.6' 4.62

1938 : 5.30 5.4o 5.88 6.56 5.56 4.10 3.48 3.56 3.s6 L.I.l .3 4.31
1939 : 5.02 6.12 6.13 6.28 6.7g 6.39 h.73 5.69 6.23 6.6 t.62


- 4 -


PES-37




PES-37 5 -

POULTRY SITUATION

Poultry marketing

Peceipts of dr,,-.ed rnoultr:,- at the fc,ur r,-incipal markets for the
period frcm liovemb- r 17 to Dsc.r.ber 2 were 14 per-int larger than in the same
period i l' L, and 17 pe:cent abovi1 the i'"C-37 avera_- rc- iipts in these
weeks. Recei ts during *erly 1' 4C 1will contit.v,' lar-er than during the same
periois in 1939 b,-2cause of the lar-'r rinuMtb.r of hins and chickeris orn hand anl
the incr.-asAed aroducticon of t'urk:,z.

H.c jir't of d-esed1 po'.iltry ?t 4 market:
(ire.- Y)rT-:, Chicasn, Fhil ielphia, E so ton)

Si-:k en-ding us of -l-___
Year Janu-:iry Fb. : Hov. : Decmbe.r
S: : 2 5. : : 9 : lc. : 27- : ,3
: .' c .,': .0 1, C 1, 00 1i,'" ", i,'r1 l, I C'00 1r, 0 '
Lb. b. b. lb. lb. ib. lb. i.. lb. lb.
Average
1928-37 : 97y ,t,,. ,271i 28,3 8. 15, 27 ,75E4 4,1q1 27,4?7 11,942

193? : ,1 ,,.55 3,,278 17,101 3,5 6 10,217 24,18 17,2'i 1 ;6,35
199 : 4,1-. 4,418 ,535 .T,993 12,471 9,451 2.,274 .2,TR.


Poultry st.:.rags

Storae st.t:, of frozen poultry usually r,.ch a -ea: during Januar,'.
Stocks st th- 210 rr,:ic'r s..oring cities rn cemt.-r 2 .er:- 23 p-rc.-nt large,
than )n the crrres, '-Ondiin. date in 197I. and i -urc:nt abr..' the 192l -7 average.
During the 4 week e-ided December 23, the into-zt-ra;e muverrient was 77 percent
above a .yeF.r earli- r and "7 per-'rt a .ove the 1-ye.ar vraee.

TJnIt. Stat es st .cks r f r. 1 ultr;, on [Demrber 1 'were percent larger than
cn the same datt in 1 Stc. ks ,f frcz.n tjurl:..s wre 46 percent larger than
a year earlier and t.e largs: t -n record for L-cember 1. Stocks of fowls were
28 percent larg-r t-an ia n '1.L -$..nd larger th:.n on any other Lccefmber 1 on
record except q196. Stocks o.f otr-.r typc's of noultr- v.-re smaller than on the
..Ime date last ;'..ar.

Stor-rge stocks n-f frozen poultr-y it 26 markets

Vieek ending as of lc.iq
Year Storage : TInt-storge movement, [ .embcr : Storage
: stocks : 2 : -16 I2 C r stocks
: iv. 25 : : _:__ ____ : : Dec. 30
1: 1,00i 1 r ,' r'.".r, 1 C' 1 ',0r0 1, 'rr, 1i,OOo
: pounds po.ardis r2,-ifds pounds pound s pounds pounds
Average
1928-37: 65,6,4 8,281 9,070 4,675 2,765 2,981 93,456

1938 : 76,481 12,279 7,166 4,332 I/ 358 2,044 101,944
1939 S: 81,i6 17,462 9,166 4,154 ic,617

1/ Out-of-storage.




PES-37 6 -

Chicken prices

Chicken prices usually reabc a low point for tho year during December.
The seasonal decline in prices since April 15 in 1939 was about the sa ~n as
that which occurred in 1938 but some-ihat greater than the 192?-37 average
decline.

Prices received by farmers for chickens on Drcember 15 --ere 1.9 cents
per pound below prices on the same date in 1938 and 2.7 cents below the
1928-37 average price for December 15. The effect on prices of larger sup-
plies of poultry during the first half of 1940 as compared with a year Parlier
will be partly offset by larger consumers income.

Price per pound received by farmers for chickens

Year :Jan.15;Feb.15:Mar.15.Apr.15 July 15:9Dt.15:Oct.15:ov.15 Dec. 15
t Cents Cents Gents CenTz CgO-ts Cen-ts Cents Cents Cents
Average
1928-37: 15.1 15.4 15.7 1 .4 15. 1.0 i 15. 14.4

1939 16.7 16.0 15.9 1-.2 15.r 14.3 1.' 1i.5 13.6
1339 s 14.0 14.2 14.3 1-.4 1J.7 13.6 12.7 12.4 11.7


Fall and winter broilers

_Reports from 73 co-m-rcil ha-n:.- ri s located in Those S-3as which fur-
nish a major proportion of ,. f2l '1 ti :. t1rciler- for Ee s;e'?n markets
report a hatch 1 percent lai--.- fcr ., rmb-.-r .an the re-cord -in ha-ch of
To' em-r 1938. A decrease of. p-.-ce -:as reported' in i-27 .--l&nd and of
13 percent in the Miiddl. A:1 -1 S-es, I.hereas ax inzr as- cf 29 percent
was reported in tho South A-13-i: S-:.3 s. Producitio- i- the Cetral and
Middle Western States was I1 : ---- 1: +h-: th a year earlier. Storage
stocks of frozen broilers j-- DrsI'- 1 **.-re sli~-1r s-allecr Thai o.- the
same date in 1938.

rke e7 prices

Prices received by famners for- urkeys de.icreased o.4 c,?,ls per pound
between l.ovember 15 and December 1f. In 197 p.-ices in:-rased 1.3 cents
between these two dates, bu- 1`'2-37 -veraic p.-iccs decrea3sd 0.- cents.
Prices on December 15 were 2. i c t s p-r Gcunrd belo--7 rrices a -ear earlier and
2.9 cents below the 1928-37 avcra:e price for December 15.

Price per pound r-ceived by farriers for turkeys

Year b ct. 15 : :-.. 1., Dec. 17 Jan. 15

C Gents Je s CUe.its Cents
Average
1923-37 : 17.3 9.Q 1 1.1

1938-9 : 16.5 17.1 l.4 !8.3
1939-40 : 15.3 1 .o 15.i -.





PES-37 7 -

EC.-, 7bTUATI1C'I

Lay flock size

Tho a7ei are ize c*'e friai ea- inr flnk?:s on D-.-cember 1 continued 4 peteent.
larger than' a year e-arlie' s' 2 pci .ent 'bc've the 192 -7 average for
Dece.. be; 1.

The -a-ronl ircerei-=. in :th-e nTbe-,-s f layers zince the low point on
August 1 h}a. hcen 52 percent, which is about th! r: e ras was reported in 1938.
The 10-year a-.'erge inoease &i; 24 re1ce-t.

Aver'ae r. number of layingE henc per f'atri flock
on the firt-t d'.) r' +tl.e month


Year ,i5an. Feb. V !'ar. une : S pt. Oct. -ov, Dec.

.: a,.,nb r i.- be: I.rmiber 1Lu'-tber iur.L:.-- I ,.'.Iber !mber llumler
Average
1928-57: 6.9 F5.1 ~ '2..53 70.9 61.5 E.3.C 73.8 79.8

1958 : 77.'; 7..5 75.3 65.0 5 .' 6.5 72.5 78.0
1939 : 2.9 32.0 ',.. 6,..5 C.1 6..0 75.1 81.2


Egg prod-ict- on

Egg prrducL ion. on Decene: v. was the lrgrst .n ..record for that date,
both in *tf-;,-i ,f Pr; = e .L cc: .-'-d r F s no' r 1Lr:. This waL s 1ar, r :el;y a result of
the excerptioni:ally;,' ferl-': weather in lat: Ilao'.mbe: although the gradual im-
pi'cvcsmennt in. the 1:...,in car.rcity of the .v.-raae hen a'nid in the mer-thcds of
handl-'..nc n f-;.di L la rn-. flocks was also, -:L facto-r.

Egg .'-rduct." cn p.-r tloc- .--n Dcc-ne b.:- 1 -,: 5 perc-.r.t larerr tha on
Iovembcr 1. In n.': r.th- ,,. r ,-n o.r- s pr,..d.i-oi incr-ccncd betv.xen these
two da.t s. Ca [E&P'mbr r or tiuc- '.i v- 10 .-rc,: .ct ]-.rrcr than a yetr carlie-r
and 4 Det rcT t j.bo-.-e ,tie 192-. .7 :,- g:.,. 'ith ro.? ahbl' increase in the
nunbe-' o-. i:...-ers during 1'-10 over i93 .:,.d no -c r;t. .'i-e indicated in the rate
of I ,- nri b- iri, t .t .!i ?-F[. pr7oduction in 194'iC ,.s ": w.c.1.- m:' bc slightly larger
thar. ir 1 $ V. wovw --c;r, -.s r-sult of th1o cexnyt.-d smzillc!r hatchl this year,
production i:-L tIc lst f .w nonth- of 19440 7m:y b: sm.a11.r thr.n in the sane rnunths
of 19S3.

F gs ia-.id ,:.r 100 hcns ard rullc-t of laying r- go in form
flockls cn the first da. of t', month

Yar L.n. Feb. : .r. Junt: crt. t. Fov. Dec.

:'i.: boe l'umb:r I' umb.r ITub.:.r !IT.unbr Iumnnbcr Numbur Numbor
Average
1928-37: 17.9 25.0 37.7 5.1 32.7 25.5 168.1 15.2

1938 : 22.7 32.? 4'2.2 52.9 35.7 28.2 22.53 19.9
1930 : 24.6 31.9 41.4 52.4 36.0 27.5 22.0 21.5





PES-37


E ag -Laetir 7s

Lec ipts of 7 at the four pri-ncipal markets are nowv increasing
seasonally. Dur:-'2 the 4 wee's enked Deceimber 23, receipts we'e 12 per-
cent larger than in the corre -f -._u'_ wem.s in 193: and 25 percent above
the 1928-37 average Crciot2s. Receipts in 1940 as a whole may be slight-
ly larger than in 1939 because of the expected larger eg- prcdiction.




:- : ?--n!.iIn: as c- i '.39
Year : *'..-.. : : __.'___: ,___-.______
: 7 : : : o 30
0: 1,OOY _, _. T. 1,i.,.) 1.:.X0 1,_0 1,C'D 1,C00 1,000
: case--. .* s ces c case s cases c asc cases
Avera3 :
12g1-37 : 175." 17.2 .. 1. .. 3 ..: 1_.'' 134.1

1938 ...' 166S .5 1'. .5 .'.32 L:..o l-..,* 13. 14.0 173.9 171.1
1 -, ... ; 211. -' .', ','7. 11-.1 1- :, I 4.5 17'.7 13' .1


Egg stora e

TTnited i'tes .' ell :u_ :- -_.cn e --c z or ..ece:b-er 1
were 11 pe cent l:--er .- --iir. -oc.:s "_ shell e.--s w-:ere 10
percent larger .] l. s .c :. _. ere 12 re cent l.,rer.

rh_.: cur.-: -.-' -. v--.- i sh'! l 1 e-.:-s :at the 20 m-ajor
storin? cities -i'. e .-s : -,.. '3 .. ? LL ercernt s-aall-
er t>. c rin t":.. ..*. .--. 1' .-_ r" i :'-.-- c ';.-.s 1 percent
sralleer.

.r_:.-r? '- : r-': ? r-f_ e- '2 -. "-:, -.ar':et'


Year S cr>.e : .- ., r.:&-.. e orage
S .c. : r ; stocks
:.v. 25 : : -- : : Dec. 30
: 1 -, -. -I', O 1 C -* 1, ,0
3he_ i-'_ : _a e_ ,. _z c_ _c- _- __ C-.--ez r-e .e cases
AveraSg -
1925-37 .: 3,315 2 2 73 25

1938 ....... : .."'' 2'' 24;: l'3 1 268
1939 ....... -- :4 1 !b2

rrczen :
1939 ....... I 1,035
1939 .......: 1, '- 71


- g -





P9S-37


IT- ev',--- :er.- re 1c 33. p r.rice? have' reached a pea:- in l'ovenm-
ber. :owver:, in .i. o.e ,"-ear s.nes 11 i ve far,. price drc ppr.d n.cre
that .- c' nt. p r "cz.r be:t e-.i '-".Lhe.' ar r. DeceCer. Th-s .-ear ft- in
prices d:..l-i.e 5. c, t b t, t-.e .n tec; t dat s. .n Decrnb:-r 15,
prices T c ive-;c fa' .- l:.I ....r.; 7 c:nt-: p .'oz..n '-.elow prices
a year earlier -i .... cut; bh t-m '>',-?7 avr.: .c prime uor that
date.

c., '.;.pp ": d-, "._h- L i] Lt hal- of l 'i rna'' b.- s'i-htl l er "
thanw iin 19. .it L.h- -r ct E of prices of ,' i:nc,"ea. in su--.lies as
cor ipa:'..d it. :.-a r :: ,i \.i .U at lea.t ar i,- .:' se- t incr-as.,d
COn u.l-i S' ir:.O ..

Pr:.c-: _:. ,. :-T r .c, iv .. h; farr..cr. : fc:" ,

L .a'i. Feo : : -.,.., : ..1.- : S ", t .t : 'T v. : De
*5ea 11 : I. : i5 15 : 15 : : _1 : 15 : 15
i .. it t.t C.-,t : C -n Ct 11.-.z C tnts ent ? i t s
Avcraze -
l" ? -,- 7 :. .9 11.0 ] 1, 2. 1 "3.?I 2 .0 y.,.1 30.3

193C .....: 21.-' 1i...' 1. .9 ,2 .? 27.1 2 .,0 27.9
193'- .. .r 1 .7 .2 6.. 20.6 22.9 25.8 20.5


0 :.STI: 1 ZCA'D

C'., ncr' .r inc-c".' af't *'. .: '.i.,al ,, u-_.prcvi _' r -: ."' ., t Scpt e ber,
h?.s ri-e 1'-'_rpl;- -n .-c...nt ths. 'Th' r-'se accorr.parniied an even sharp-
,Lr -. : i- ri3l.tri .' pJ: t-.n;, Ii.c" n .r'.e b'r-: slightly exceeded
that .', t.. c .. .o-:itr. o 192 "lC uL .i. iC. cc.-.n-, 'r 'come during
the n:--:. vera'-" .:...c!s .,': ,n.at'..- .11 b,. uc, 1,: ss -sar..,.d than changes iin
ind'.stria i ," c ion. '_'e ,- -.- :... "..; :. ?.- i.1 i rov';erIt.. r_ o.u-rino the
las': h-__1 i' ?-' -:iL: carr." cr..- -.:., :,Q. ': .,:rt-t i ,e ecl inf L-
proc. i., c sic'i b.-: -. re nod.-r-at-: C. i, -atn.' for a
I.o -er v :' ;: tr-:: nrw 5-;c-.-T p' ia-'rc r i.c .'.o : ,i t:..- totai. irn-.or of nt.- ar. co s. _ers.

Li,: .ir.':: r.3 of nDns ri ic'ltu' l i'' L o.',c
1'2.'.-2?' = 1 '0, ad iE~t-: for s- s -.:a L variation,

Y-ar Jan. : F.-. : A.r. Jun : A .-. : t. ct. 'v. Dec.

Av, -r1
.I2.-37 : 36. '6.5 C 7.2 .6.. C6.1 86.1 .'5.7 S5.5

'937 .....: 92.-? 3.0 5.7 -.9 97.7 96.7 96.0 94.1 91.7
... : .1 .0 3 9.0 29.8 90.3
1939. O...: r00. 90.6 90.1 .1 91.7 93.1 93.L 93.4 2/96.2

17 Fevisecd Octob ''er 31, 1939.
2,' Pr rli. inaiy.




III 1262 08903 li95lll II14Ilfllg lI
3 1262 08903 9514