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The success of this Government, and thus the success of our
Nation, depends in the last analysis upon the quality of our
career services. The legislation enacted by the Congress, as
well as the decisions made by me and the department and
agency heads, must all be implemented by the career men and
women in the Federal service. .. are all dependent on
their sense of loyalty and responsibility as well as their
competence and energy.
President John F. Kennedy
Men and women in the Federal career service take pride in
meeting the challenges of public service in today's complex,
changing world. Whatever their job, they know they are
working in behalf of all the people and contributing to the
progress of a great Nation. They know that theirs is a high
calling, and they draw satisfaction from the fact that their day-
to-day efforts are helping to attain important national goals.
Members of the Federal career service engage in some of the
world's most exciting and important work. They are plumb-
ing the depths of the oceans, exploring the reaches of space.
They are finding cures for deadly diseases, developing new ways
to grow better crops They control air traffic to assure the
safety of our airways, and they conduct our relations with new
and old nations around the globe.
Nearly half of Uncle Sam's work force is employed in direct
support of our air, ground, and sea forces. Almost a quarter
of them are responsible for delivering our mail. Another 7
percent serve veterans and their dependents and operate the
world's largest network of modern hospitals The remaining
25 percent staff scores of other Federal agencies that provide
countless services to the citizens of the United States.
WORK AFFECTS ALL CITIZENS
In one way or another, the work of Federal employees touches
every American every day.
Federal workers print and mint our money, control narcotics,
regulate immigration, collect taxes and duties They protect
national forests, conserve natural resources, bring electricity
into rural homes, and operate the social security program. They
forecast the weather, conduct research in virtually every field of
science, and perform hundreds of other services that affect our
health, welfare, economy, and national security.
Civil servants have added greatly to man's knowledge and
contributed immeasurably to progress.
ACHIEVEMENTS OF CAREERISTS
Among the many landmark achievements of men and women
in the Federal career service have been the development of radar
and sonar, the first fully automated electronic digital computer,
the proximity fuze, atomic-powered submarines, the aircraft
instrument landing system, and electronic microminiaturization.
Whole new industries have been founded on'dhe discoveries
and inventions of Federal workers, returning to American busi-
ness and taxpayers many times the investment in salaries and
A career civil servant "put radio in the American home"
with the development of the a.c. radio, and another developed
the deadly air-to-air Sidewinder missile. A ream of Federal
scientists developed the first radio direction finder and the first
successful guided missile. And a corps of highly skilled Fed-
eral scientists and engineers was the heart, mind. and muscle
of the Mercury team that successfully put John Glenn and
Scott Carpenter into orbit and brought them safely back.
RESPONDS TO CHANGING NEEDS
As our Nation has grown and our society has become more
complex, so has our Government-its missions have multiplied,
its personnel needs have become more varied and specialized
to meet the changing needs of changing times.
Uncle Sam is America's Number 1 employer, and one of its
To provide the many services required by the public and
authorized by laws enacted by the Congress, your Government
employs more than 2 million civilian workers. They staff more
than 70 departments and agencies, and are stationed through-
out the United States, in its territories, and in many foreign
lands. Only about 10 percent of them work in the Nation's
Capital-about as many as are employed in California. A great
number are employed in every one of our 50 States
MANPOWER NEEDS VARIED
Their jobs are about as varied as those found in private em-
ployment. You can get an idea of the Government's manpower
needs when you consider that more than 30,000 employees are
at work in professional-level positions in the physical sciences,
90,000 in engineering, 24,000 in the biological sciences, 17,000
in the social sciences, 14,000 in personnel administration and
industrial relations. 43,000 in medicine and allied fields, 47,000
in .aKLuntin .and fiscal work, and 6,000 in mathemratcs and
statistlrs. Some 612.000 are in so-called blue-collar lobs in trades
and crafts, over 500,000 are in postal work, and 166,000 are in
stenographic and typing jobs.
Just to replace employees who leave the service by retire-
ment, resignation, illness, or death, Uncle Sam has to hire
several hundred thousand new workers each year. When new
programs are started-such as the effort to pur a man on the
moon in this decade-additional hiring i.s -ometimes necessary.
QUEST FOR QUALITY
Because of the importance of its \\ork, Government needs a
continuing corps of able and highly motivated career men and
women. To meet its future needs for seasoned professionals,
technicians, and managers, it must attract a full share of the
most promising young people who leave our schools and col-
leges each year. Since Government can be only as good as
the people who do the work, the Federal service has begun a
concerted "quest for quality" in its continuing recruiting efforts.
Your Government offers able people an opportunity to obtain
employment solely on the basis of personal merit and fitness-
their qualifications for a job-without regard to other consider-
ations. It makes no difference who you are, who you know,
or what school you attend. Your political affiliation, religion,
national origin, or race have no bearing on any consideration
given you for Federal employment. The Government is inter-
ested only in what you can do.
EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY
New employees are chosen in a fair and practical \.A--
through a merit selection system that gives every citizen equal
opportunity for employment and gives the public assurance
that the best qualified available candidates are hired. Com-
petitive examinations, open to all, test the fitness of applicants
for the jobs to be filled. Selections are made from among
those who score highest in the examinations, assuring the em-
ployment of the best qualified persons available.
Examinations measure aptitudes or skills required on the job
to be filled. For some jobs a written test is required. For
others, each applicant is rated on his experience and training
as shown in his application and corroborating papers.
BENEFITS FOR EMPLOYEES
To attract and keep a well qualified career corps, Uncle Sam
has developed a modern and comprehensive personnel system.
Merit and fairness to all employees are keystones of the system.
Once hired, an employee's prospects for promotion depend
primarily on how well he does his job. And the outlook for
advancement is excellent for those who demonstrate they are
ready to move to more important tasks.
Government pays good salaries under a job-classification plan
that bases pay on the difficulty of duties and provides regular
raises based on satisfactory service.
Like other progressive employers, the Government offers a
well-rounded fringe benefits program that includes liberal vaca-
tion and sick leave, a model retirement system, life insurance
and health benefits for which Uncle Sam contributes part of
the cost, an outstanding incentive awards program, and training
and career development to help employees prepare themselves
for more challenging and rewarding positions.
FOR MORE INFORMATION
Public notice of Federal employment opportunities is made
through examination announcements issued by offices of the
Civil Service Commission or boards of civil-service examiners
located in Federal agencies. Information about current exam-
inations can be obtained from personnel offices of nearby Fed-
eral agencies or from the Civil Service Commission in
Washington, D.C., or its regional offices (see p. 6).
The Commission and Federal agencies also distribute litera-
ture to school and college libraries, guidance counselors, and
placement offices; and Federal recruiters visit schools and cam-
puses to acquaint promising young people with the wide range
of career opportunities available in the Federal career service
CIVIL SERVICE REGIONAL OFFICES
Atlanta Region.-Federal Building, 275 Peachtree Street
NE., Atlanta 3, Ga.: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi,
North Carolina, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Tennessee, and
Boston Region.-Post Office and Courthouse Building.
Boston 9, Mass.: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New
Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.
Chicago Region.-Main Post Office Building, Chicago 7,
Ill.: Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, and Wis-
Dallas Region.-1114 Commerce Street, Dallas 2, Tex.:
Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.
Denver Region.-Building 41, Denver Federal Center,
Denver, Colo.: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah,
New York Region.-News Building, 220 E. 42d Street,
New York 17, N.Y.: New Jersey and New York.
Philadelphia Region.-Customhouse, Second and Chest-
nut Streets, Philadelphia 6, Pa.: Delaware, Maryland, Pennsyl-
vania, Virginia, and West Virginia.
San Francisco Region.-128 Appraisers Building, 630
Sansome Street, San Francisco 11, Calif.: California, Hawaii,
Seattle Region.-302 Federal Office Building, First Avenue
and Madison Street, Seattle 4, Wash.: Alaska, Idaho, Montana,
Oregon, and Washington.
St. Louis Region.-Federal Building, 1520 Market Street,
St. Louis 3, Mo.: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri,
Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
3 1262 08231 864 2
U.S. Civil Service Commission
Pamphlet 63 July 1962
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE .1962 OF-646322