WHEN IT COMES
TO CHOOSING AN
Pamphlet BRE-10, May 1969, UNITED STATES CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION
Whatever your immediate plans, sooner or
later most of you will think about earning
The Federal Government employs people
in many different kinds of jobs in thousands
of locations. Since 90 percent of Govern-
ment jobs are located outside Washington,
D.C., you may find Federal employment
opportunities in or near your hometown.
Uncle Sam has much to offer the young
person looking for a good position.
The work the Government does is of
critical importance to every American citi-
What are your plans after high school?
To go on to business school or college?
Take a job? Enter the Armed Forces?
zen. To be a part of this important work,
to contribute toward accomplishing the
mission of a Federal agency, is stimulating
and satisfying. Many people consider this
the greatest attraction of a career in Gov-
Pay for most Government jobs compares
very favorably with salaries for similar
work in private employment. You have a
chance to work up to better paying jobs.
The leave system is liberal, with paid va-
cations and pay for sick leave. We have
training and career development programs,
low-cost life insurance and health benefits,
incentive awards, and liberal retirement.
Most Federal jobs are under civil serv-
ice, and this means that they are filled
through competitive examination and that
hiring and promotions are based on merit.
Appointments are made from among the
people who receive the highest passing
This is the democratic way of choosing
employees. It makes no difference who you
are or who you know-the Government is
interested only in whether you are able to
do the job you are applying for. All appli-
cants get equal consideration-regardless
of their race, religion, color, sex, or any
other nonmerit factor.
A civil-service examination is designed
to show your ability to do a particular kind
of job. An examination for a simple job
would not be difficult. Many examinations
are not written tests-you would be graded
on such things as how much of the required
education or experience you had or on a
sample of work.
The usual minimum age limit is 18, but
for most jobs a high school graduate may
apply at 16. Although a nongraduate 16 or
17 years old may be employed if he meets
certain conditions, it is to his advantage to
complete high school before working full
time if possible. Part-time employment is
often available to students who need fi-
nancial help to stay in school.
On the inside of this folder is information
about jobs a high school student may pre-
To find out what examinations are open,
check with your school's vocational coun-
selor, a nearby post office, a Federal agency
where you would like to work, or a Federal
Job Information Center. In writing about
a job, always mention the kind of work you
want and the place where you would like
If you plan to continue school, the back
panel has information of interest to you.
Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2010 with funding from
University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries with support from Lyrasis and the Sloan Foundation
http://www. arch ive.org/details/you rfirstjobkeytl 969u nit
Almost very Government agmeny aeplos afce mafin
operator The agencies in which they are emn yed in the
largest numbers are the Post Ofiee Department and the
Departments of the Treasury, Army, Air Force, and
The equipment operated by these employees includes
addressing, graphotype, bookkeeping, calculating, alpha-
betic card punch, electric accounting, and tabulating
No experience is required for jobs at GS-1. Applicants
who can pass an appropriate performance test or high
school graduates instructed in the operation of the type of
machine appropriate for the position involved may
qualify for jobs at GS-2. A written test is usually given.
Clerks read and route mail, do indexing and filing, read
proof, code information for statistical purposes, or do
related office work. Job opportunities are good for both
men and women.
Clerk examinations test skills you will need on the job,
such as alphabetizing, arithmetic, understanding what
you read, writing and spelling correctly, comparing names
and numbers, and following directions.
No experience is required for jobs at GS-1. High school
graduates without work experience usually start at grade
GS-2, after passing a written test.
SMEN ENGINEERING OFFICE
Engineering draftsmen prepare drawings related to engi-
neering or architectural activities, and office draftsmen do
such work as lettering and illustrating charts, graphs, and
diagrams used for statistical purposes.
No experience is required for GS-1 jobs. High school
graduates whose courses included a certain amount of
studyin mathematics and other subjects (science, draft-
.'.In .ig, -r surveying) may qualify for jobs at grade GS-2. A
writtii test is required for GS-2 jobs.
No particular kind of experience or education is required
for many jobs in the postal field service, and you can
qualify by taking a written test. Opportunities for em-
ployment are excellent in most major metropolitan areas.
Stenographe-r and typists will be required to pan writ-
ten verbal and clerical abilities test. Those who submit
acceptable certificates of proficiency in typing or steno-
graphic courses may be excused from the additional re-
quirement of passing typing or stenographic performance
Typists normally enter at grade GS-2 and stenog-
raphers at grade GS-3. However, by meeting higher quali-
fications, typists can enter at GS-3 and stenographers at
GS-4. Opportunities for employment are excellent in
most major metropolitan areas.
In Engineering Physical Science *
Cotton Technology Meteorology *
Cartography Biology Forestry
These employees are hired to assist engineers, scientists,
and technologists working in the above fields.
No experience is required for GS-1 jobs. High school
graduates whose courses included subjects such as mathe-
matics, physics, chemistry, drafting, surveying, art, or
cartography may qualify for jobs at GS-2. A written test
is required for jobs at GS-2.
The Government's industrial establishments, mainly un-
der the Army, Navy, and AiriForce, train apprentices in
The minimum age limit is 16 years. No experience is re-
quired, but a written test may be given.
Salaries vary from trade to trade and are set in line with
Apprentices who do satisfactory work are promoted at
intervals and at the completion of apprentice training earn
the salary of fully qualified workmen in their occupation.
There are many other civil service jobs that the high
school graduate may be able to qualify for with little or no
additional education or experience.
Telephone Operator Nursing Assistant
Library Assistant Carpenter's Helper,
Plumber's Helper, etc.
Messenger and elevator operator jobs are other examples,
but they are reserved for veterans as long as veterans are
available to take them.
And for young men and women who go on to college
or gain experience through working, there are opportuni-
ties in a large number of other fields.
AND IF YOU ARE CONTINUING YOUR EDUCATIONi-
There are many opportunities in civil
service for men and women who have had
education beyond high school. Two ex-
aminations are used more than any others
to recruit such people.
The Federal Service Entrance Examina-
tion is the means of entry into Federal
service of most college graduates and per-
sons with equivalent experience. It is used
for filling entry-level professional, admin-
istrative, and technical positions in all but
highly specialized fields such as engineer-
ing, physical science, and accounting.
The Junior Federal Assistant Examina-
tion is for persons with 2 years of college,
business school, or technical school, or
with comparable work experience. Quali-
fying in this examination can lead to jobs
providing support and technical assistance
in a number of fields.
Some agencies have planned work-study
programs that can lead to full-time work
after graduation. They are for college stu-
dents who are majoring in subjects related
to the agencies' programs. Selected students
work during vacation, on a part-time basis
during school, or in alternate periods of
work and related study. UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
3 1262 08134 7246
U.S. GOVERNMENTPRINTING OFFICE: 1969-0-349-533