ON THE COVER:
Cross-sectional view of vortex wake shedding
from a stationary cylinder. Patterns such as these
are used by Federal scientists to study the mech-
anisms of self-excited vibrations.
PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT DIVISION BUREAU OF RECRUITING AND EXAMINING U.S. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION
Your Government Is an Equal Opportunity Employer
If that's what you think about working for the Gov-
ernment, you're partly right.
Government is big. And because it is, it faces big
problems, offers big responsibilities and is involved
in the kinds of big projects you might not get a
crack at anywhere else.
For talented people, Government's immensity is one
of its major advantages. The Big Pond, with its
broad scope and tremendous diversity, gives you
elbow room, a chance to concentrate on the kind
of activity that really interests you. It could be a
small research project or a tremendous team effort.
And Government's size allows you flexibility: you
can move from one program to another, from one
area of the country to another, or from one agency
to another-wherever your abilities take you.
One more thing about your Government: there's
plenty of room at the top. If you measure up to the
challenges of Government work, you'll find there's
plenty of opportunity to be a big fish in the Big
Navy oceanographer-diver at work.
GOVERNMENT HAS VARIETY
ENGINEERING: Naval Architecture, Mechanical, Chemical, Safety,
Fire Prevention, Materials, Civil, Nuclear, Electrical,
Electronic, Aerospace, Petroleum, Agricultural, Ceramic,
Welding, Industrial, Mining, Sanitary.
ARCHITECTURE AND LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
PHYSICAL SCIENCE: Oceanography, Health Physics, Geophys-
ics, Hydrology, Chemistry, Metallurgy, Aerospace Tech-
nology, Meteorology, Geology.
MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS: Actuarial, Mathematics,
Mathematical Statistics, Statistics, Cryptography, Opera-
tions Research Analysis.
PATENTS: Administration, Advising, Classifying, Examining.
No written examination is required for the jobs described in this
booklet. You can get additional information and application
forms by mailing the post card on the back cover.
The Vertical Assembly Building, Merritt Island Moonport, Cape
Kennedy. Built under supervision of the Army Corps of Engineers,
the VAB will accommodate complete assembly, checkout and
launch of the Advanced Saturn C-5 rocket and its manned space-
craft. It's the largest building ever built in the free world, exceed-
ing the size of the Great Pyramid of Cheops in Egypt, which stood
for 45 centuries as man's mightiest effort in the construction
a a E
A drop of water, photographed
by Vernon P. Robey at the
EMMNaval Research Laboratory.
"I don't look on it as
just a stepping stone."
Mathematician, United States
Public Health Service
Sam BrYan works on a project at the National Insti-
tutes of Health \ith Dr. Louis Lipkin and Russell
Kirsih. Thev'ze trying to build a computer system that
will be able to "look" at a photograph of a portion of
the human brain and through its program be able to
deduce from the photo eveiylthin which the current
state of medical knowledge will allow.
In Sam's view the Government is sponsoring the most
interesting \ork being done an\-here. "... It can
underwrite projects that the a\veage industry can't
justify in terms of a highly likely payoff. For this reason
)ou may well be irn\ol\ed in broadly encompassing,
state-of-the-art projects. I you asked about the
advantages of workingg for the Government in one
word. I'd sa\ 'resources.' Included in that are the
people \ou \work swith: \ou learn from them. They're
true scientists, really interested in w hat they are doing."
After graduating in 1963 from the University of North
Carolina, Chapel Hill, with a degree in mathematics,
Sam is working on a master's degree in Information
Science. Hie plans to stay with the Go\ernment project.
"It's important to me to be working at a stimulating
job and \ou can't beat what I'm in at N.I.H."
"Anyone who gets ahead
puts forth extra effort."
Mrs. Marjorie Townsend
Goddard Space Flight Center
Small, blue-e\ed Marjorie Townsend thrives on re-
sponsibility. As Project Manager for SAS (Small
Astronomy Satellite) for the National Aeronautics and
Space Administration, she's responsible for all aspects
of the satellites development, fabrication, testing and
launch. She has managed to combine a 20-year Gov-
ernment career with being the wife of a Washington
obstetrician and mother of four growing boys.
Earning her degree in Electrical Engineering from
George Washington University, Mrs. Townsend
worked with the Naval Research Laboratory on anti-
submarine warfare and underwater target classifica-
tion. Since joining NASA in 1959, she has worked
increasingly in a management capacity-as she says,
"farther atway from the nuts and bolts." Her current
assignment is designed to map the sky for X-Ray
sources located both inside and outside of our galaxy,
with subsequent flights including studies on gamma-
ray, ultra-violet, visible and infrared regions of the
When asked about the possible difficulties for a woman
engineer, Mrs. Tow nsend said she often worked a little
harder. "But," she went on, "anyone who gets ahead
puts forth extra effort."
WHERE THE JOBS ARE
Of all scientists, engineers and technicians employed
by the Government, 90%.. work for the following 11
Department of Agriculture
Department of the Air Force
Department of Army
Department of Commerce
Department of Health, Education and Welfare
Department of Interior
Department of Navy
Atomic Energy Commission*
Department of Transportation
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
In Government, your professional skills give you a
reasonable option in choosing where you want to
live and work.
Take one field, for example .electronic engi-
neering. Of 14,756 electronic engineers who worked
for the Federal Government in October, 1967, only
2,888 were in Washington, D.C. 11,633 worked at
other locations in the United States; 46 were in
U.S. Territories and 189 were working in foreign
*For information on working for AEC, write:
Atomic Energy Commission
Division of Personnel
Washington, D.C. 20545
Research cartographer Maurits Roos looks into the stereo viewer of the Auto-
matic Point Transfer Instrument (APTI) under development by the U.S. Army
Engineer Topographic Laboratories, Fort Belvoir, Va. Comparator tables do the
measuring and marking of three photographs simultaneously. Photographs with
large formats, scale changes and tilts can be handled by this equipment.
In fast mo iing, complex technical fields, skills that
aren't up-to-date become obsolete very quickly.
If you're standing still, you're losing ground
Training is an important part of working for the Gov-
ernrinent. 97,773 professional and scientific people re-
ceived tramingi at full pay in 1968 44,540 of
them taking courses at their oni agencies, and 4,678
enrolled in interagency programs. Nearly half of the
ad anced training took place at non-Government fa-
cilities-colleges and universities, professional insti-
tutes, industrial labs or research foundations. 1,225
\\ere enrolled in long-term advanced education, while
4-.330 took shorter courses. Of those taking long-term
programs, 61 r, were scientists and engineers.
S If you go with Government, you can grow with
A physicist explaining a new idea in equations of state of liquid explosives.
"I couldn't hope for a finer group "The biggest thing is the freedom
of people to be associated with." to do research fulltime."
FM =. il iE J1. It1.1. 1
Laura Wilson Dr. Dolphus E. Milligan
Landscape Architect Physical Chemist
National Park Service National Bureau of Standards
After earning her BS in Landscape Architecture from
Iow a State University in 1953, Laura Wilson worked
with private firms in Washington, D.C., and in San
Francisco. In 1957 she entered the National Park
"In m. field," she says, "the main advantage of work-
ing for the Government is in the opportunity to expe-
rience a great \ariety of projects over a large geo-
graphic area." Now stationed in the Park Service's
Design and Construction Office in San Francisco, she
is current) working on special design projects, many
involving site developments around public buildings.
In addition to the diversity of experience to be
gained-the original reason she began work in Gov-
ernment-Miss Wilson mentioned an added plus fac-
tor: the caliber of people she %works with. "My super-
visors have, for the most part, been capable and
supportive, and have entrusted me with projects which
have allowed me to exercise my greatest potential in
the field of landscape architecture design.
"On the personal level, I have developed good and
lasting friendships. I couldn't hope for a finer group of
people to be associated with. It is my hope, in this era
in which the trend to depersonalization is rampart in
organizations, that the spirit existing in the National
Park Service can survive."
After a pre-Government career which included a year
of teaching at the college level and six years with a
private institute, Dr. Milligan began work at the Na-
tional Bureau of Standards in 1963. Among the reasons
he cites for doing so are "research facilities ideally
suited to work I was engaged in."
Dr. Milligan, with his co-worker, Dr. Marilyn E.
Jacox, is doing basic research-part of the project
being to devise techniques to trap and study free radi-
cal species to learn something about the nature of
chemical bonding of the species. He started this work
while acquiring his Ph.D. in chemistry at the Univer-
sity of California at Berkeley and is able to pursue that
interest within the mission of NBS.
The caliber of people in other disciplines at NBS is
important, too. "You're not isolated. Cross-fertiliza-
tion between areas of research is part of the atmos-
phere here. If you turn someone loose with a lot of
hardware in isolation, he wouldn't be so productive."
In connection with his work, Dr. Milligan has pub-
lished over 50 papers-more than half of them in
collaboration with Dr. Jacox-and has travelled ex-
tensively, including a trip to Russia in 1967. In 1966
he received the first Professor Arturo Miolati Prize
for outstanding scientific achievement, in a ceremony
at the Italian Embassy.
Dr. Milligan's office, across the hall from his lab, over-
looks the spacious grounds of the ultra-modern NBS
complex outside Washington. Aside from the books
lining the walls, it's fairly austere. There is one excep-
tion, though-a hand-written sign that admonishes,
"Be happy in your work." For Dr. Milligan, the advice
1. Government research scientist Herbert
Friedman and his family, following a
White House ceremony at which he re-
ceived the President's Award for Dis-
tinguished Federal Civilian Service.
2. Control panel for a cyclotron.
3. Photograph of earth, taken by NASA's
Lunar Orbiter V spacecraft, from a dis-
tance of 214,806 miles.
4. USNS Kingsport, used as a ground sta-
tion base for tracking and communica-
tions for NASA's Project Syncom.
5. Anechoic Chamber. National Bureau of
6. Dr. George R. Carruthers of the Naval
Research Laboratory, shown with the
image intensifier ultraviolet spectrograph
which he developed for the Aerobee
8. The third ESSA weather satellite,
equipped with radiation sensors and ad-
vanced Vidicon camera systems, for daily
picture coverage of the earth's weather.
"I wouldn't be here if
it weren't a Challenge"
"I get an overall
Dr. Alan M. Lovelace
Director, Air Force Materials Laboratory
Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio
Toward the end of the Korean War, First Lieu-
tenant Alan Lovelace served as a project officer in the
Polymer Section, Aeronautical Systems Division,
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio. Thirteen years
later, he was Director of the Air Force Materials Lab-
oratory at a salary that falls under Public Law 313.
(P. L. 313 applies to research and development posi-
tions, providing for salaries beyond grade GS-15 on
the General Schedule of pay rates for Government
Along the way, Dr. Lovelace has received an im-
pressive number of citations, including the Arthur S.
Flemming Award, which he received at 29 for specific
contributions in the field of fluorine chemistry. Since
then, he has worked increasingly in management and
feels that Government research and development offers
unique opportunity to move ahead. "The beer and
pretzels don't come out even"-so people who can
make real contributions to a rapidly expanding tech-
nology find a tremendous demand for their talents.
And quality counts: "It's an intangible thing-being
in a group of people recognized by peers as really
making a contribution. Labs which provide that en-
vironment have a tendency to attract and hold good
The AF Materials Lab employs 400 people-340
civilians and 60 military-and Dr. Lovelace's job is a
demanding one. It involves travel, keeping up with the
state-of-the-art, and tremendous responsibility. That,
perhaps, is the point: as he says, "I wouldn't be here
if it weren't a challenge."
Dennis C. Judycki
Highway Planning Engineer (Intern)
Department of Transportation
Dennis Judycki's job with the Federal Highway Ad-
ministration's Bureau of Public Roads has kept him
on the move. Since earning his NISCE in 1968, he's
been participating in an 18-month training program
with a special assignment in planning. The program
includes rotating assignments all over the country-
so far concentrating on research and general and urban
planning in California and, presentlN. in the Midwest.
"Although my FHWA job is relatively new, it has
incorporated responsibility, challenge and satisfac-
tion. I get an overall perspective of my profession by
working with total programs, and can see where trans-
portation planning fits into other complex but separate
engineering functions. And I enjoy working with a
large organization which employs or deals with the
most respected and dynamic professionals in my field
Judycki feels the trainee program offers a good founda-
tion for the practical application of his educational
background, as well as opportunities for advancement
and travel. Aside from these advantages, a big point,
for him, is the chance to build public relations. He's
concerned that the public may not always understand
what a Government agency is doing and why.
In Government work-building highways and better
communications-Dennis Judycki is lucky enough to
be where he can really do something about the things
he cares about.
PRESIDENT'S AWARD FOR DISTINGUISHED FEDERAL
CIVILIAN SERVICE. The Presidential gold-medal award
is given each year, generally to not more than five
persons from the career service whose outstanding
achievements have current impact on improved gov-
ernment or the public interest, and which exemplify
exceptional imagination, courage and high ability.
Many of these awards have gone to scientists and
CASH AW RDS-Lump-sum cash awards are made up
to and including the maximum of $25,000. In the
past, the largest cash awards have gone to scientists
and engineers, either individually or as members of
SPECIAL SCIENCE AWARDS-Awards specifically for
science and engineering achievements have been pro-
vided for by individual agencies. They are generally
competitive, limited in number, granted for accom-
plishments which merit the acclaim of scientists and
result from selection by persons of recognized standing
in their professional fields.
AWARDS FOR TECHNICAL PAPERS-To encourage Gov-
ernment scientists to publish and present high-quality
papers, several organizations in Government give cash
awards for technical papers.
INVENTION AWARDS-Some of the largest cash awards
granted, as well as many smaller ones, are given each
year to encourage patentable ideas for inventions
which are of value to the Government.
AWARDS FROM OUTSIDE SOURCES FOR GOVERNMENT
EMPLOYEEs-Career scientists and engineers are eli-
gible to receive awards from non-Federal organizations,
among them the Rockefeller Public Service Awards,
the Career Service Awards of the National Civil Serv-
ice League, the Arthur E. Flemming Awards and
others. In addition, Federal employees have often won
awards from professional societies which are not spe-
cifically for Government workers.
QUALITY INCREASES IN SALARY-The Government
pay system provides for ten steps or salary levels within
each pay grade. Employees who excel may receive
"quality increases" by being raised a step on the pay
scale in response to superior performance.
$ ; ....
..l t -
S,' ., u t ` i '
I V .
The President's Award for Distinguished Federal Civilian Service
"Doing what I wanted to do
outweighed more money."
Glenn E. Wangdah!
U.S. Navy Department
Following graduation from the University of Michigan
in 1965, Glenn Wangdahl accepted the lowest starting
salary he was offered and went to work for the Navy,
because, as he says, "I didn't want to get too special-
ized." Having worked for the Navy two summers as
a student, he felt that a Government job would offer
him a better chance to use his skills in all areas of
After three years at Navy, he's now a GS-12 (on the
18-Grade General Schedule) and making more money
than many people who graduated with him and ac-
cepted higher starting salaries with firms and design
Glenn works at NAVSEC (the Naval Ship Engineer-
ing Center) developing characteristics for ship design
by applying computer techniques to classical naval
architecture. His rapid advancement has been accel-
erated by taking advantage of on-the-job training, in-
cluding work at shipbuilding facilities and at the Naval
Ship Research and Development Center, as well as
training with FORTRAN.
Aside from opportunities for going places in his field,
working in Government gives Glenn Wangdahl and
other young engineers like him a special challenge-
the chance to do the kind of work that doesn't exist
"Like a big university
with no classes to teach
Goddard Space Flight Center
In his office off a corridor where steel cabinets marked
"Lower Ionosphere" share space with pinups of Char-
lie Brown and Copernicus, Joseph Alexander observed
that Government is "the only place where you can
have freedom and the opportunity to concentrate
full-time on basic research."
Alexander has been one of the major scientific experi-
menters on a five-year project which culminated in the
successful launch and operation of the small radio
astronomy explorer, Explorer 38. The satellite is de-
signed to monitor low frequency radio signals which
can't penetrate the earth's atmosphere, but are
bounced back into space. Its radio astronomy anten-
nas, when extended to their fullest length, give the
spacecraft an overall height about that of the Empire
Earning his BS and MA degrees in physics from Wil-
liam and Mary College, Alexander has been working
with NASA since 1962. He characterized Goddard
Space Flight Center as having "the atmosphere of a
university, except it's technically oriented. It's a large
group of interested scientists with a fair amount of
freedom You get a chance to try out your ideas.
People here push themselves because they're interested
in their work."
When asked whether he planned to stay in Govern-
ment, Alexander talked of orbiting another satellite
in the not-too-distant future, and pointed to a large
file of information gathered by Explorer 38. "I wouldn't
want to leave this."
Although the Federal Personnel System applies to all
agencies of the Government equally, there is enough
built-in flexibility to allow agencies to develop pro-
grams to meet their individual needs and the special
needs of particular groups, like scientists and engi-
neers. Some factors which can be used to give you
elbow room are:
Attendance at conferences of professional societies
Giving credit lines or otherwise acknowledging
contributors to publications
Freedom to publish, teach or lecture outside of
Flexibility of hours of work
Position titles adapted to the professionals. (Al-
though official titles are used for Government
purposes, more descriptive titles may be used for
publications and correspondence.)
Your Impact on the Job
Federal jobs are classified on the basis of duties, re-
sponsibilities and qualifications required. However, if
you excel, you will attract greater responsibilities to
yourself to the point where a higher grade may be
justified. In this way, you shape the job, rather than
letting the job limit you.
Two Track System
You can progress to higher grade levels in a research
position without necessarily taking on administrative
or supervisory responsibilities. You choose which
"track" you take.
No Square Pegs in Round Holes
Jobs, particularly in research, can be tailored to your
qualifications. Government is more interested in find-
ing qualified people than in filling inflexible job slots.
WHY GO GOVERNMENT?
Federal salary rates are comparable with private enter-
prise salaries for the same levels of work. Moreover,
in special shortage category occupational fields-
among them engineering, physical sciences and mathe-
matics-the entry level salary averages about $1500 a
year more than for other jobs at the same grade. (The
usual entry level grade for an applicant without work-
ing experience is grade GS-5; however, an outstand-
ing academic record, advanced degrees or graduate
work or pertinent research can qualify you to start at
grade GS-7, 9, 11, 12.)
Special Recruitment Rates
For positions at grade GS-11 or above, consideration
may be given to your existing salary, unique qualifica-
tions or the special need of the Government for your
services. In this way, you could be appointed at a
salary above the minimum rate for the grade level
established for the job.
Moving Expenses Agencies may pay travel and
moving costs to your first post of duty.
Annual Leave 13 workdays a year during the
first three years of service, 20 days up to 15 years and
26 days for all over 15 years. Military service counts
toward length of service for leave purposes.
Paid Holidays 8 a year.
Sick Leave 13 days a year. Unused sick leave
may accumulate indefinitely.
Health Benefits a choice among various types
of hospital, surgical and medical benefits to employees
and their families, with the Government sharing the
Retirement a joint contributory system providing
annuities, survivorship annuities and death benefits
based on age, service or disability.
Addresses of Federal Job Information Centers
806 Governors Drive, SW.
107 St. Francis St.
632 6th Avenue
44 West Adams St.
923 West 4th St.
Little Rock 72201
851 South Broadway
Los Angeles 90014
425 Capitol Mall
380 West Court St.
San Bernardino 92401
1400 5th Avenue
San Diego 92101
450 Golden Gate Avenue
San Francisco 94102
18th and Stout Streets
450 Main Street
11th and King Streets
123 S. Court Avenue
275 Peachtree Street, NE.
451 College Street
219 S. Dearborn Street
36 S. Pennsylvania Street
210 Walnut Street
Des Moines 50309
114 S. Main Street
721 S. 4th Street
600 South Street
New Orleans 70130
Lombard Street and Hopkins Place
P.O. and Courthouse Building
144 W. Lafayette Street
Building 57, Ft. Selling
St. Paul 55111
802 N. State Street
601 E. 12th Street
Kansas City 64106
1520 Market Street
St. Louis 63103
130 Neill Avenue
215 North 17th Street
300 Booth Street
Daniel and Penhallow Streets
970 Broad Street
421 Gold Avenue, SW.
26 Federal Plaza
New York 10007
301 Erie Blvd., West
415 W. Hillsborough Street
112 N. University Drive
1240 East 9th Street
7 East 4th Street
210 NW. 6th Street
Oklahoma City 73102
319 SW. Pine Street
128 N. Broad Street
1000 Liberty Avenue
919 Main Street
Rapid City 57701
167 N. Main Street
1114 Commerce Street
411 N. Stanton Street
El Paso 79901
702 Caroline Street
615 E. Houston Street
San Antonio 78205
135 S. State Street
Salt Lake City 84111
1st Avenue and Madison Street
500 Quarrier Street
161 W. Wisconsin Avenue
2005 Warren Avenue
255 Ponce de Leon Avenue
San Juan 00917
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
1900 E Street, NW.
Washington, D.C. 20415
Elmwood Avenue and Pearl Street
415 St. Paul Boulevard
U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1969 0 328-205
Detach and mail to the Federal Job Information Center
serving the area where you want to work.
I am interested in working for the Federal Government.
Year of college graduation
Degree (or degrees) received
Years of professional experience, if any
Particular field of interest
Please send additional information and application forms.
City State ZIP
(must be completed)
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
3 1262 0813 788 1
' **?. 4. -- ;
Civil Service Commission
Washington, D.C. 20415
POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION
FEDERAL JOB INFORMATION CENTER