Summary of U.S. export and import merchandise trade

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Title:
Summary of U.S. export and import merchandise trade
Series Title:
FT-900
Physical Description:
v. : ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of the Census
United States -- Bureau of the Census
Publisher:
Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Foreign Trade Division for sale by the Subscriber Services Section (Publications), Bureau of the Census
Place of Publication:
Washington
Creation Date:
January 1976
Frequency:
monthly
regular

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Subjects / Keywords:
Commerce -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
American statistics index
Dates or Sequential Designation:
1974-1976.
General Note:
At head of title: 1977- United States foreign trade.
General Note:
Formerly classed C 56. 210:900 - during the time the Bureau of the Census was subordinate to Social and Economic Statistics Administration.
General Note:
Issues prior to Oct. 1977 were sent to depositories as Item 144.
General Note:
Unnumbered supplements accompany some issues.

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University of Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 001209840
oclc - 02245761
notis - AFW0105
lccn - 76640395
issn - 0361-0047
sobekcm - AA00005271_00044
Classification:
lcc - HF105 .B73e
ddc - 382/.0973
System ID:
AA00005271:00044

Related Items

Preceded by:
United States foreign trade; export and import merchandise trade
Succeeded by:
United States foreign trade. FT900, Summary of U.S. export and import merchandise trade

Full Text



SUMMARY OF U.S. EXPORT AND

IMPORT MERCHANDISE TRADE

January 1976 UNV. OF FL LIN.
DOCUMENTS DEPTI
-------------.,. 0 --------


FT 900-76-1


U.S. DEPOTORY


Finally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

including Unadjusted Data on Imports of Petroleum and
Petroleum Products)


-fi' HIuM O'Census, Department of Commerce
annE ltp.J*', aIr during January 1976, seasonally
adjuster jSF on a f.a.s. (free alongside ship) U.S.
port of exportation value basis, excluding Department of
Defense (DOD) Military Assistance Program Grant-Aid ship-
anuto, were valued at $9,103.4 millions 2 and that
seasonally adjusted general imports on a f.a.s. foreign
port of exportation value basis, amounted to $9,176.0
million.1 2 s January seasonally adjusted general
imports on a c.i.f. cost1 insurance, and freight) value
basis amounted to $9,879.7 million.1 Comparable
seasonally adjusted totals for December 1975 were
$9,249.9 million for exports, $8,525.7 million for
imports on a f.a.s. value basis, and $9,165.5 million
for imports on a c.i.f. value basis.

The Bureau stated that based on the above seasonally
adjusted f.a.a. export and import figures, the merchandise
trade balance for January 1976 was in deficit by $72.6
million, the first deficit on this basis since January
1975. Using the c.i.f. import value and the f.a.a.
export value, a trade deficit of $776.3 million t s
was recorded in January.


For Release
February 27, 1976
2:00 p.m.


During the 4-month period, October 1975 January
1976, seasonally adjusted exports averaged $9,246.8
million per month, a level about 4 percent above the
$8,933.7 million average reported for the preceding
4-month period, June-September 1975. Imports (f.a.s.
value basis) averaged $8,518.9 million per month for
the current 4-month period, about 10 percent above the
$7,754.5 million average reported for the preceding 4
months.

Exports unadjusted for seasonal change and excluding
Military Assistance Program Grant-Aid shipments decreased
from $9,303.5 million in December 1975 to $8,760.2
million in January 1976. With Military Assistance Pro-
gram Grant-Aid shipments included, exports decreased
from $9,328.7 million in December 1975 to $8,769.8
million in January 1976. Unadjusted general imports
(f.a.s. value basis) were valued at $8,888.9 million in
December 1975 as compared to $9,009.0 million in January
1976. The comparable figures for imports on the c.i.f.
value basis were $9,556.0 million in December 1975 and
$9,699.9 million in January 1976.


lAdllsted for masonal ind working-day variation, but not for change in prr.e level. Factors used ID adiust 1975 ana 1976 data sown in th. report represent measonal adjustment factors derived from
m.sionthly dam through 1975 and introduced in January 1976 combined with the appropriate working day adjustment factors.
elumslMion; at data over at least 4-monh periods are desirable to identify underlying trends Month-to month changes in exports. imports, and similar serm often reflect primarily irregular movements,
difhfnidma in monthly canryoer, eItc Recen month-to-month peircin changes in the overall Ionnall adjusted Sipon and import ering are presented in the following uble with average percent month-
tai.Moisth ri mid decline ove laonr periods isown for comparison. The enrage rim and average decline figures exclude perreniqge changes Ior 11) Ihe period July December 1971 bDecauM of abnormalities
in the data due to effect of dock strikes end 12) periods when negligible changes (zero percent) in the level of exporlsmports occurred Percentage changes for 11.1. import values are not available lor
periods prim to January 1974:

Month-to-month Average monthly rates of change

Series Dec. 1975- Nov.-Dec. Oct.-Nov. Sept.-Oct. Average Average 4 months 12 months
Jan. 1976 1975 1975 1975 rise decline Sept. 1975- Jan. 1975-
1970-1975 1970-1975 Jan. 1976 Jan. 1976
(Percent) (Percent) (Percent) (Percent) (Percent) (Percent) (Percent) (Percent)

F.a.s. export value. -1.6 -1.7 +2.0 +0.9 +3.2 -2.8 -0.1 -0.2

F.a.s. import value. +7.6 +3.9 +0.4 -0.4 (NA) (NA) +2.9 -0.1

'SAe the "Explanation of Sttims" loi definitions o the export and import values and trade balances.


Inquiries concerning them figures should be addreued to the Chief, Foreign Trade Division, Bureau of the
A % Census. Washington, D.C. 20233. Tel: Area Code 301, 763-6140.

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE. BUREAU OF THE CENSUS

\ For sale by the Subscriber Services Section IPublications). Bureau of the Census, Washington. D.C. 20233. or any
U.S. Department of Commerce District office. Price 10 cents per copy. Annual subscription (FT 900, 975, 985,
"* and 986 combined) $3.00.


W
610


93. t )A 4 '16 -70 I


2:00 P.m.







EXPLANATION OF STATISTICS


Import Valuation


Coverage

The U.S. import statistics reflect both government and
nongovernment imports of merchandise from foreign coun-
tries into the U.S. Customs territory, which includes the 50
States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. The U.S.
import statistics exclude imports into the Virgin Islands,
Guam, American Samoa, and other U.S. possessions; and
shipments between the United States and Puerto Rico,
between the United States and U.S. possessions, and
between any of these outlying areas. (Data on U.S. trade
with Puerto Rico and with U.S. possessions are published
separately in Report FT 800. Additional data on such trade
and on imports into the Virgin Islands from foreign coun-
tries are presented in reference tabulations.) Data on
imports of petroleum and selected petroleum products,
including shipments into the Virgin Islands from foreign
countries, (previously shown in Report FT 900-Supple-
ment) are included in this report effective with the January
1976 statistics.
The U.S. import statistics also exclude American goods
returned to the United States by its Armed Forces; intransit
shipments through the United States; temporary shipments;
transactions not considered to be of statistical significance,
such as shipments of personal and household effects; low-
valued nondutiable imports by mail; issued monetary coins
of all component metals; and gold in the form of ores,
concentrates, waste, scrap, and refined bullion. Imports of
silver in these forms are included in the statistics, unless
otherwise noted. (Information on gold movements, pre-
viously shown in Report FT 2402, appears in Report FT
990 effective January 1975.)

General Imports/Imports For Consumption

The statistics on U.S. imports are presented in terms of
both "General Imports" and "Imports for Consumption."
General imports are a combination of entries for immediate
consumption and entries into Customs bonded warehouses,
and thus generally reflect total arrivals of merchandise.
Imports for consumption are a combination of entries for
immediate consumption and withdrawals from warehouses
for consumption, and thus generally reflect the total of the
commodities entered into U.S. consumption channels.

Source Of Import Information

The official U.S. import statistics are compiled by the
Bureau of the Census from copies of the import entry and
warehouse withdrawal forms which importers are required
by law to file with Customs officials. The information as to
country of origin, net quantity, value, and commodity
classification is verified by Customs officials on entries filed
for transactions valued over $250, which are ordinarily sub-
ject to examination for Customs appraisement purposes.
The statistical copy of the entry is corrected if it does not
accurately reflect the information called for by the statis-
tical requirements.


F.a.s. Import Value.-The f.a.s. (free alongside ship) value
represents the transaction value of imports at the foreign
port of exportation. It is based on the purchase price, i.e.,
the actual transaction value and generally includes all
charges incurred in placing the merchanli j gsde the
carrier at the port of exportation inW .'.W[ t,,ftlrta-
tion. .. ... ,

C.i.f. Import Value.-The c.i.f.co t, irance, and fifttT4
value represents the value of,,intbrts the first pobta t
entry in the United States. It is bshd on the purchase or! 5
and includes all freight, inrki qe, and otj ch'
(excluding U.S. import duties ctsbrred in bYIfi*id
merchandise from the country olp paftation and.g
placing it alongside the carrier at the lt- q4 ofeintm
the United States. If the merchandise. 'w' abutiuiuin a
transaction between related parties, the purcNfse price used
in deriving the c.i.f. value is based on an arm's-length equiv-
alent transaction price, Le., a price which would exist
between unrelated buyers and sellers.

Import Monthly Carryover

It is the objective of the compiling procedures to include
shipments, insofar as practicable, in the statistics for the
actual month of importation. However, for purposes of the
statistics the month of importation is based on the date of
official acceptance by Customs of the import entry or ware-
house withdrawal document. This may not in all cases corre-
spond to the actual month of importation. (For example,
under the Customs "immediate-delivery" procedures,
importers may file the import entry up to 10 workdays
after the actual date of importation.) Also, because of
processing problems (e.g., late receipt of a document for an
end-of-month shipment, rejection of a shipment by the
computer because the data fail to meet certain edit criteria
established to protect the accuracy of the statistics, etc.),
there is an overall average carryover of about 7 percent (in
terms of value) of the shipments from the reported month
of importation (based on the date of the import entry or
warehouse withdrawal document) to a subsequent month,
usually the succeeding month. In addition, as a result of the
aforementioned Customs "immediate-delivery" procedures,
there is a further carryover of presently unknown magni-
tude from the actual month of importation to a subsequent
month. These limitations should be borne in mind when
making month-to-month comparisons.
Cumulations of data over at least 4-month periods are
desirable to identify underlying trends. Month-to-month
changes in imports, exports, and similar series often reflect
primarily irregular movements, differences in monthly
carryover, etc.

Estimated Data for Imports Valued Under $251

The overall import and Schedule A Section 9 totals
include sample estimates for shipments valued under $251.
Therefore, they are subject to sampling error, estimated at


IMPORT STATISTICS










less than one-tenth of one percent for the unadjusted overall
total and about one percent for the unadjusted Schedule A
Section 9 total. This means that we can have about 67
percent confidence that the published unadjusted overall
totals and the unadjusted Schedule A Section 9 totals differ
by less than one-tenth of a percent and one percent, respec-
tively, from the totals that would have resulted from a com-
plete tabulation. The statistics on imports of petroleum and
petroleum products included in this report reflect fully
compiled data and, therefore, are not subject to sampling
error.


EXPORT STATISTICS

Coverage

The export statistics reflect, in general, both government
and nongovernment exports of domestic and foreign mer-
chandise from the U.S. Customs territory (includes the 50
States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico) to for-
eign countries, whether the exportation involves a com-
mercial transaction or not. The statistics, therefore, include
Department of Defense Military Assistance Program Grant-
Aid shipments, shipments for economic assistance under the
Foreign Assistance Act and shipments of agricultural com-
modities under P. L. 480 (The Agricultural Trade Develop-
ment and Assistance Act of 1954, as amended) and related
laws. The following are excluded from the statistics: Ship-
menrits to U.S. Armed Forces and diplomatic missions
abroad for their own use; shipments between the United
States and Puerto Rico, between the United States and its
possessions (including the Virgin Islands), and between
these outlying areas; exports from U.S. possessions; in transit
shipments through the United States; transactions not con-
sidered to be of statistical importance, such as personal and
household effects; temporary exports: low-valued or non-
commerical exports by mail; issued monetary coins of all
component metals; and gold in the form of ores, concen-
trates, waste, scrap, and refined bullion. Exports of silver in
these forms are included in the statistics, unless otherwise
noted. (Information on gold movements, previously shown
in Report FT 2402, appears in Report FT 990 effective
January 1975.)



Definition of Exports of Domestic
and Foreign Merchandise

Exports of domestic merchandise include commodities
which are grown, produced, or manufactured in the United
States, and commodities of foreign origin which have been
changed in the United States from the form in which they
were imported, or which have been enhanced in value by
further manufacture in the United States. Exports of for-
eign merchandise consist of commodities of foreign origin
which have entered the United States as imports and which,
at the time of exportation, are in substantially the same
condition as when imported.


Source of Export Information

The official U.S. export statistics are compiled by the
Bureau of the Census primarily from copies of Shipper's
Export Declarations which are required to be filed with
Customs officials, except for Department of Defense Mili-
tary Assistance Program Grant-Aid shipments which are
reported directly to the Bureau of the Census by the
Department of Defense and shipments by qualified ex-
porters who have been authorized to submit data in the
form of magnetic tape, punched cards, or monthly Shipper's
Summary Export Declarations directly to the Bureau of the
Census.
Export Valuation

F.a.s. Export Value.-The value reported in the export sta-
tistics generally is equivalent to a f.a.s (free alongside ship)
value at the U.S. port of export, based on the transaction
price, including inland freight, insurance and other charges
incurred in placing the merchandise alongside the carrier at
the U.S. port of exportation.

Export Monthly Carryover

It is the objective of the compiling procedures to include
shipments, insofar as practicable, in the statistics for the
actual month of exportation. For purposes of the statistics,
the month of exportation is generally based on the date
when the shipment leaves the United States. (For vessel or
air shipments it is the date when the carrier departs or is
cleared from the port of export.) However, as indicated
above for imports, because of processing problems (e.g., late
receipt of a document for an end-of-month shipment, re-
jection of a shipment by the computer because the data
fail to meet certain edit criteria established to protect the
accuracy of the statistics, etc.), there is an overall average
carryover of about 4 percent (in terms of value) of the
shipments from the actual month of exportation to a
subsequent month, usually the succeeding month. These
limitations should be borne in mind when making month-
to-month comparisons.
Cumulations of data over at least 4-month periods are
desirable to identify underlying trends. Month-to-month
changes in imports, exports, and similar series often reflect
primarily irregular movements, differences in monthly
carryover, etc.
Estimated Data for Export Shipments

The overall export and Schedule B section and division
totals include sample estimates for shipments valued
$251-S1,999 to Canada and for shipments valued
$251-4999 to countries other than Canada. Data for ship-
ments valued $250 and under to all countries are also esti-
mated, based on established percentages of individual
country totals, and included in the Schedule B Section 9
totals regardless of the commodity exported. It is estimated
that the unadjusted overall total is subject to a sampling
error of less than one-tenth of one percent, and the unad-
justed Schedule B section or division totals are subject to









sampling errors of about one percent. In addition, the
Schedule B Section 9 total is subject to possible error in the
estimated data for shipments valued $250 and under; and
the overall total, and the individual totals for sections other
than Section 9, to a more limited extent. Such $250 and
under shipments represent about I percent of the total
value of exports, and about 60 percent of the Schedule B
Section 9 total.

SOURCES OF ERROR IN THE STATISTICS

Monthly import and export figures are subject to the
possibility of errors which may arise from sources other
than sampling errors, discussed above. Among these are
errors in the reporting and/or processing of information as
to commodity classification, value and other statistical
factors, month of inclusion (see paragraphs on import and
export carryover, above), and the undercounting of exports
to Canada due to the non-receipt of Shipper's Export
Declarations. For 1974, the undercounting amounted to
about one and one-half billion dollars. In the case of im-
ports the information as to value and commodity classifica-
tion (as well as country of origin and net quantity) is
verified by Customs officials on entries filed for transactions
valued over $250 which are ordinarily subject to examina-
tion for Customs appraisement purposes, thus considerably
reducing the possibility of error. In addition, the procedures
used to compile both the import and export statistics
include clerical and computer processing checks designed to
protect the accuracy of the statistics to the fullest practi-
cable extent.


MERCHANDISE TRADE BALANCES


Two trade balances are presented in this report-
I The balance between exports based on f.a.s. values
and imports based on f.a.s. values.
2.) The balance between exports based on f.a.s. values
and imports based on c.i.f. values with adjustments for im-
ports from affiliated sellers abroad to reflect arms-length
equivalent prices.
Both balances are useful for certain purposes. The first
balance corresponds to a measurement of the international
payments or credit flows resulting from merchandise trade
between the U.S. and foreign countries. The second balance
is based on concepts similar to those used by most foreign
countries, and therefore provides a reference for comparison
with the trade balances published by those countries.


REVISIONS TO THE STATISTICS

Revisions are carried into the statistics on a periodic
basis. Data for 1975 and 1976 appearing in the 1976
monthly issues of this report are presented as follows:

1976 Statistics

a. January through November 1976 issues: figures are as
originally issued, except as noted below.
b. December 1976 issue: figures reflect revisions for
prior months of the year issued with December 1976
statistics or earlier, as noted below.

1975 Statistics

a. January through May 1976 issues: figures reflect re-
visions issued with December 1975 statistics or
earlier.
b. June through December 1976 issues: figures reflect
revisions to 1975 data issued with June 1976 statistics
or earlier.

In addition to the revisions which are made on a periodic
basis, instances may occur where a significant error in the
statistics for a month of the current year is discovered after
the statistics for that month are compiled. If the error is of
sufficient importance to require correction prior to the time
that the regular revisions are carried, the correction is made
and so noted in this report.


SOURCES OF FURTHER INFORMATION

Additional foreign trade statistics and information regard-
ing coverage, valuation, sampling, and qualifications which
should be considered by users of the statistics are contained
primarily in the following publications: Report FT 990,
Highlights of U.S. Export and Import Trade; FT 135, U.S.
General Imports, Schedule A Commodity by Country; FT
410, U.S. Exports, Schedule B Commodity by Country; and
the Guide to Foreign Trade Statistics. Information regarding
additional sources of statistics, the methodology used in
seasonally adjusting the data, and other matters relating to
foreign trade statistics may be obtained from the Bureau of
the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233.











Table 1. U.S. Exports (fa.s. Value Basis). General Imports (f.a.s. Value Basis), and Merchandise Trade Balance.

Adjusted for Seasonal and Working-Day Variation, by Month: January 1975 to January 1976

(In mtlilons ol dollars. See ExplanatLon of Statistics for Informatlon :n Loverage, aei lr.ilr .rs 01 ewpor' -no import alueb and t[rid- Dal-
ances, and sources o1 error It the data. All data shoen Ior 1975 and 19;6 rtil e seanall adjus.treni i -ctr.rs in.t.-duce Inr Jlruar- 196"b

Period~ e January -ebriar March A rl May une Julp 'ug.0 t 1r Oj tr,,:r I r- r-


1975

Exports' .............
F.a.s. Import value..
MerchandiSe trade
balance .............

1976

Exports ............. .
F.a.s. import value..
Merchandise trade
balance .... ........


9,373..
9,635.5

-262.1



9,103.4
9,376.0

-72.6


9,373.-
9,635.5

-262.1



9,103.4
9,176.0

-72.6


8,75..6
7,927.6

,827.0


8,685.2
7, 66.5

.1,218. 7


8,607.6
7,958.5

.689.1


8,221.5
7,266.2

*955.3


,716. 1
,103.

*],t.12.6


8,893.8
?,832.2

*1,061.6


8,917. 2


.1,102.0


4, 14i. 7
B,205. I

.9-0.6


9,22-. 6
8,1 '0.

.1,05-.2


9,-09.3
8,203. 6

.1,20,.


9, -9.9
0, ,2,.


'Represents exports of do-er eic and roreaon merchandise eclluaing Department -i, Defense Pl I arv A4i tanwI Proarar. CrnE -Aid mppent .


Table 2 U.S. Exports (f.a.s. Value Basis). General Imports (c.i.f. Value Basis), and Merchandise Trade Balance.
Adjusted for Seasonal and Working-Day Variation, by Month: January 1975 to January 1976

fin enillouna of dollars. See Exalanation ol U ,r.i t Il lor inl rg.Iation ar[ Cr.'Va.re. .3 nl !,rit 01 e, ip t arOi import jiue ana trade bal-
ance., anrd sources or errr.r ,p ne data. Al. l 3'0. nr, -ri tr L9-; ard 19'6 rel'i:.r .-ic.nl a n, ur -er.-l tro'r intrau ;.d in Jan aru 19'bi

Period inn Jlanuajr- h ?prr,- I Nbvet,- D[celc-
Pe e JanuartJarar feonrurs Mar.h "* p1 Ps Jon.- J., Adu I r ,:t Ib.r


1975

Bxport ............. 9,313.- 9,3 3.- 8, 5?-.6 8,665.2 81, .'., I. ,221. '16..1 6,843.6 6,4'9.2 9, 1-.. 9,22-. 9, .09.3 9,2-9.9
C.I.= 19port Ialue.. 10,37'.7 10,377.7 8,501.2 8,,09.2 6,5-o. 7,816.7 ",62.2 9,-1i.0 6,-78.b 8,829.9 8,-95.2 8,8:9.8 9,1o5.5
Merch ndiae trade
balance............. -1,00-.3 -1,00-.3 .253.- .6-6.0 .101.1 .-0-.8 .1,63.9 .-_0.a -.00.- .315.6 --59. 5 .5'9. 8 .*-.-

1976

Exports' ............. .. ,103.4 9,103.4
C.l.f. Lmport .alue.. 9,879.7 9,8:79.7
Merchandise trade
balance......... -776.3 -7:6.3

'Represents export, or domestic and llrrign ,.ercha.dise lcudin.- [earnen es Mbitre aane Frogri' Crtor -Aa to ap-eelt.










Table 3. U.S. Exports (fa.s. Value Basis) of Merchandise Showing Department of Defense (DOD) Military

Assistance Program Grant-Aid Shipments, by Month: January 1975 to January 1976
4I n millions of dollars. See Explanation of Statistics for information on coverage, definition of I.a.s. export value, and aurcess of error La
the data. Unadjusted totals represent sum of unrounded figures and hence Way vary slightly from sum of rounded amount)

Exports excluding DOD Exports including DOD Grm5-Aid5
Grant-Aid DOD Grant-Ald


Period DDoesic Domestic Domestic
forn angd Dostir, and Domestic, Western Other
soregnal foreJgn, unadjusted foreign, unadjusted Total BEurope countries

adjusted unadjusted adjustedd


1975

January-December...................... I'1 107,190.6 105,695.6 107,651.8 106,156.7 461.2 21.7 439.5

January............................... 9,3723.. 9,124.1 8,942.7 9,203.0 9,021.5 78.8 5.2 13.7

January............................... 9,323.6. 9,124.1 8,942.7 9,203.0 9,021.5 78.8 5.2 73.7
February.............................. 8,754.6 8,498.1 8,167.3 8,5.3.8 8,413.0 45.7 3.3 42.1.
March................................. 8,685.2 9,413.0 9,270.1 9, 1.9 9,299.0 28.9 2.2 26.7
April................................. 8,647.6 9,016.9 8,888.4 9,078.6 8,950.1 61.7 3.6 58.1
May................................... 8,221.5 8,900.6 8,785.1 8,951.6 8,836.1 51.0 2.2 48.8
June................. ................ 8,716.1 8,630.7 8,490.8 8,691.0 8,551.1 60.3 0.8 59.5

July.................................. 8,893.8 8,234.8 8,128.5 8,264.2 8,157.8 29.4 1.0 28.4
August................................ 8,979.2 8,4"5.8 8,352.1 8,455.6 8,362.0 9.9 I.6 8.3
September ............................. 9,15.1 8,1391.2 8,271.6 8,416.8 8,297.2 25.6 0.7 24.9
October............................... 9,224.6 9,718.1 9,601.7 9,749.7 9,633.2 31.6 0.2 31.4
November.............................. 9,-09.3 9,513.7 9,407.4 9,526.1 9,420.5 13.0 0.8 12.2
December.............................. 9,2.9.9 9,303.5 9,190.0 9,328.7 9,215.2 25.2 0.1 25.1

1976

January............................... 9,103.4 8,760.2 8,658.5 8,769.8 8,668.1 9.6 0.5 9.2

January ............................... 9,103.4 8,760.2 8,658.5 8,769.8 B,668.1 9.6 0.5 9.2
February..............................
March.................................
April.................................
May ...................................
June..................................

July..................................
August................................
September............................
October..............................
Nove be r ..............................
December..............................

'Adjusted for seasonal and working-day variation using seasonal adjustment factors Introduced in January 1976. See footnote I on front

'Reprepenti only export shipments from the United States and differs from DOD Millcary Assistance Program Grant-Ald shipment figures under
trna program as follows la) Tranl(ers of the material procured outside the Uniled States and transfers Irom DOD overseas stocks from export
shipment-. (bt EVport value If f.a.s., snereas DOD value, in most instances. Is f.o.b., point of origin. Ic) Data for shipment reported by
the DOD for a given month are included ir. Bureau of the Census reports In the second month subsequent to thE month reported by the DOD.
IAnnual total in not ihoan for seasonally sajusLed data. Unadjusted data should be used for annual totals.











Table 4. U.S. Imports of Merchandise. by Month: January 1975 to January 1976
(Inl Bliona of dollars. See Explanation of Stalastica for LntormlSonncooerage, definition of I.aI.. and c.l.f. Lmport values, and sources
of error In the data. Unadjusted Lotals represent sum of unrounded figures and hence my very aLLgntly rom auss of rounded amontal I

U.S. imports o merchandise

F.a.a. value C.l.f. value
Perloa
General imports Imports Ceneral imports Imports
for for
easonally U e consumption, Seasonal Unaue onsmplon,
adjusted' UunadjuLed unadjuated adjuased' unadjusted

1975

jianuary-Daceamber....................... (1) 96,140.. 95,728.6 ('1 103,4.14.0 102,984.1

January................................ 9,635.5 9,816.6 9,802.8 10,377.7 10,572.8 10,556.6

January................................ 9,635.5 9,816.6 9,80-. 8 10,377.7 10,572.8 10,556.6
February............................... 7,927.6 ?,169.7 ',137.9 8,501.2 7,688.5 7,655.6
March............................... .. 7,466.5 ,',4-0..5 7,173.9 8,039.2 7,972.5 7,9l.1.6
April.................................. 7,958.5 6,190.1 8,142.3 8,5-6.5 ,795.2 8,7 ? ..7
May................................... 7,266.2 7,367.9 7,324.0 7,816.' 7,926.1 7,881.2
June ................................... 7,103.5 ',279.0 7,255.1 7,652.2 7,6.1.2 7,813.5

July................................ ... 7,832.2 1,920.7 7,891.5 8,s 13.0 8,508.1 8,4 6.4
August................................. 7,877.2 7,518.8 7, &27.1 86, 78.8 8,093.0 7,996.7
Saptember............................. 8,205.1 8,161.6 8,140.8 8,829.9 8,783.1 B,767.3
October.................... .......... 8,170.u 8,511.9 8, 53:.8 a, 295.2 9,162.8 9,186.6
Irovema er............................... 8,203.6 7,910.7 7,886.5 8,829.8 i,51..6 8u.89.5
December............................... 8,525.7 8,888.9 8,610.9 9,165.5 9,556.0 9, 7N..3

1976

January,................................ 9,176.0 9,009.0 8,945.9 9,879.7 9,699.9 9,632.9

January................................ 9,176.0 9,009.0 8,945.9 9,879.7 9,699.9 9,632.9
February............................ ..
March................................
April ..................................
May...................................
Jue .................................

July .................................
August.................................
September.............................
October................................
November...............................
December............... ..............

'AdtustEd for seasonal and working-aby uartation using se son&l BdJustmeni factors lntru-,aced in January 1976.
"Annual Etoal Is not sf0o.n lor teasounally adjusted data. Unudjustao uat .,rojuld be seao for arruai totals.











Table 5 U.S. Exports (f.a.s. Value Basis) of Domestic Merchandise. Including Department of Defense (DOD) Military
Assistance Program Grant-Aid Shipments--Schedule B Sections and Selected Divisions. Seasonally Adjusted
and Unadjusted. by Month: January 1975 to January 1976
irn tllLOns ol dollars. See Efplana ion of SCat[atics for infonnarcon on coverage, definition of f.a.s. ewporL value, and sources of error in
the djta. Unadju.ted totuli represent qt=W of unrounded figures and hence may vary slightly from sum of rounded amounts)

Schedule B section; and selected divlslonas
Period
U 1 2 3 4 5 d 71 71 72 73 8 9

Seasonally adjusted'




Jaruar ................. 1,549.2 139.2 1,011.8 421.4 '1.0.9 859.5 931.0 3,502.3 1,637.0 608.6 1,216.8 468.2 *238,6

January..... ........... 1,549.2 139.2 1,014.8 421.4 "140.9 859.5 931.0 3,502.3 1,637.0 608.6 1,216.6 468.2 '238.6
rebruair................ 1,366.4 111.5 805.9 399.8 '10,.5 699.9 892.9 3,625.7 1,631.2 611.3 1,376.1 456.6 "226.6
March.................. 1,250.3 125.1 787.6 415.9 '120.8 757.2 90t.9 3,486.2 1,642.3 605.8 1,238.4 454.0 "237.0
aprll................... 1,241.4 113.6 741.0 381.8 '73.7 706.7 900.9 3,668.0 1,743.9 632.8 1,302.1 458.9 '274.9
K-ay. .................... 1,069.0 104.9 725.8 402.7 '88.9 667.9 887.7 3,577.9 1,702.2 622.2 1,333.1 457.9 '285.0
June.......... .... .... 1,123.2 91.3 699.1 388.4 '57.9 712.3 891.2 3,914.6 1,800.7 621.1 1,469.4 473.0 *241.
July .................... 1,210.3 64.6 857.5 324.6 '66.3 691.6 906.3 3,984.3 1,760.9 631.0 1,613.1 480.5 '237.9
Aueus .................. 1,270.2 110.1 908.5 346.2 ]43.9 687.4 886.8 3,940.8 1,752.3 652.1 1,577.1 468.3 2127.8
September............... 1,268.4 99.0 877.9 320.9 '-.3.5 707.0 921.6 3,955.1 1,764.2 625.5 1,534.2 479.2 '246.0
October.............. 1,393.3 107.4 854.0 288.3 '56.9 742.1 922.3 4,105.8 1,817.8 662.7 1,627.5 496.6 '278.2
NoemBer ..... .......... 1,381.8 111.1 613.2 450.7 '77.; 725.5 946.5 1,006.8 1,789.0 659.6 1,539.0 489.4 '353.3
december ................ 1,292.d 111.3 776.4 340.8 "68.8 766.1 927.? 4,103.8 1,863.3 654.3 1,525.7 498.4 '265.5

1976

January................. 1,298.2 211.6 822.7 321.0 4 78.9 777.4 930.3 3,770.3 1,732.8 655.3 1,368.2 493.2 254.0

Jar,uar ......... ........ 1,29.2 211.'. 822.7 321.0 78.9 717.4 930.3 3,770.3 1,732.8 655.3 1,368.2 493.2 4254.0
Febru ry ...............
arch ...................
;prl I .... ...........
May.....................
June....................
July ....................
AuguSt .................
September.... ... .. ...
October.................
November ................
DOeccenb r .............

Uniadjusted

1975

Januir.-Dctmb.r.. .. 15,-86.' 1,309.8 9,'84..3 -,.6-.9 9.3.8 6,705.3 10,917.7 -5,?09.5 20,889.7 7,586.5 12,233.3 5,672.. 3,162.3

Januu- ................. 1,631'. 122.9 1,026.0 357.- 1-0.9 820.0 910.5 3,313.2 1,612." 616.5 1,084.2 414.6 238.6

January ................. 1,61.5 122.9 1,026.0 352.'. 1-0.9 820.0 910.5 3,313.2 1,612.. 616.5 I,08h..2 -5n.6 238.6
Pebruar ................ 1,338. 3 66.3 838.9 33?.- 10'.5 Ba8.5 8-7.' 3,53B8.. ,5'-.8 571.0 1,'.22.9 '26.' 226.6
rtrch................... i,2;b.6 120.1 892.3 399.6 120.8 788.2 9-9.6 -,026.6 1,803.3 651.8 1,571.5 488.0 237.0
Apral................... 1,;19.6 101.6 610.7 391.- i3.7 73;.1 9.8.6 3,910.1 1,853.8 6-6.1 1,-10.2 .82.3 274.9
ri, .................... L,028.- 98.1 715.8 -16b. 86.9 702.6 953 .2 3,993.0 1,829.9 652.7 1,510.- 483.5 285.0
J-ne.................... 1,060.3 79.8 6i8..- 06.2 57.9 716.' 499.2 3,938.0 1,798.9 62-.2 1,514.9 -81.0 241.4
.1l..................... 1,11-.7 1. 757.1 310.3 66.3 10..6 8662.8 3,577.9 1,690.5 596.9 1,290.5 &54.6 237.9
uust.......... .... 1,182.b 10 ..; 5.9 379.6 3i.9 710.7 6-5.2 3,550. 1,680.5 62-.1 1,2.6.1 '60.8 277.8
Septibrc ..... ....... 1,2--.3 105.1 695.5 322.8 43.5 682.2 880.1 3,618.9 1,603.6 599.2 1,.16.0 '.60.0 246.0
October................. 1,075.6 128.. 67u.2 318.5 56.9 -30.2 980.' .,25.B 1,881.5 706.- 1,669.8 530.9 278.2
rJoiEr.ber..r .. ...... 1,526.8 150.8 859.5 457.9 77.7 661.6 914.1 3,946.7 1,)49.6 664.2 1,532.8 .71.8 353.3
Dece.r.er................ 1,382.0 139.6 819.9 1-6.9 6o.8 B60.; 895.2 -,038.2 1,8-0.9 633.3 1,563.9 '78.5 265.5

19:6

January... 1,333.3 187.9 835.6 266.4 79.9 =46.; 894.0 3,589.3 1,712.0 665.1 1,212.2 477.9 254.0

Januorj ............... 1,333.3 167.9 835.8 26V.4 78.9 748.7 894.0 3,589.3 1,712.0 665.1 1,212.2 477.9 254.0
February ...............
Mi rcr........... ... ...
April ..................
HM v....................
Jun. .. .....
July ........... ... ..
Au'ob r................


rNo -mb r ...............
Leccib r ... ..........

chu 6s action ard r. r i--t i' or, le'crpt ions are 35 iollou.
I'. Food and It., r m... l: 7. Macmrule.ry ard transport equipment
1. iteerige: and Etobacco 71. Machinery, other than electriLC
.. CrIc ,..Ec.r,ls. tindiblL. =cept taLr.l 72. Electrical machinErn, apparatus, arnd appliances
3. runerl fu l l r ri cnt-. and r l ateo re er.ils 73. Transport equipnent
4. A t.,i- l in,1 o t l.: Oi'1: rd fat A. Mkscellane.-us nianufactured articles, n.e.c.
(. Cnrricalcs 9. Conemditle: 3na tranacEtions not classified according, to kind
6. rt'n..fcj ureJ c'ciJ cl]j.s fleo cr.i.tls be material
:enc.alL widjustej io r, for s5CtLin ? mav differ 'Iigntly tror the s 5, of d8visions 71. 72, and 73 aince each is independently ad-
justed.
Adjuit..-d tor 5ea-anal nr.J orkhn;-,dav vdraitin uaine sea-:r,,l ad)usmcrert factors ir.crduced in January 1926. See footnote I on front
pa7e. Annual totals ,r. not c ioi.-i for E.sonrally adJu;ted ditj. unadj]ustad data should be used for annual Ctotsl. The adjusted section
oials in [hi. table and .mnilar overall murchly rotalr in tables 1, 2, ind a were adjusEed Independent[ /.
Ir, -i. E.'MnCL-f emonnicrarLe earinal paccerna for this actionn, no ;eac.nal adjustment actors have been applied to the data.











Table 6. U.S. General Imports (f.a.s.Value Basis) of Merchandise, Schedule A Sections, Seasonally Adjusted and
Unadjusted, by Month January 1975 to January 1976
(In millions of dollars. See F"xplarnaton xl StLatist sc for informtation on coverage, definition of f.e.. import value, end sources of error
in the data. Unadjusted totals repreaenr suS ol unrounded figures and hence may vary slightly from sau of roanced amounts,

Schedule A section'
Per and
S0 1 2 1 5 6 7 8 9

Seasornally adjusted'


1975

January..............

January..............
February.............
March................
April ................
May ..................
June............... .
July.................
August ...............
Sept ember............
Oc ober..............
Noven mber.............
December.............

197b

January..............

Janu ry ..............
February............
March...............
April ............ ...
May ......... ......
June .... ... ..........
July. ..............
August..............
September...........
October .............
November............
December .............




1975

J anuary-December .....

January..............

January ....... ......
February............
March ..... .........
April ...... .........
May......... .........
J une. ...............
July .................
August ...............
Sept ember............
October..............
November.............
December.............

1976

January..............

January..............
February.............
March ................
April ................
May.................
June ................
July ................
August ..............
Sept imber...........
October.............
November............
December............


672.9

672.8
668.9
675.1
664.6
627.9
739.0
709.3
664.4
904.1
743.5
762.4
696.8


111.6

111.6
126.0
150.9
120.5
114.3
119.3
109.4
112.7
116.1
111.3
104.2
127.9


485.9

465.9
466.7
466.7
472.0
442.5
460.9
473.3
439.3
459.8
440.1 L
442.3
509.1


731.9 140.4 526.9

731.9 140.4 526.9


3,090.3

3,090.3
1,983.8
1,3E4.7
2,438.9
1,994.9
1,462.0
2,187.6
2,243.4
2,503.7
2,423.0
2387.9
2,297.1


6*8.5

t55.1
40. 7
151.9
33.2

'32.7
41.6
,.8.83
66b.2
-6.0


424.5

424.5
324.7
329.9
314.5
261.6
245.7
264.3
282.7
286.3
267.0
310.2
324.7


1,669.3

1,669.3
1,463.9
1,356.7
1,305.8
1,101.8
1,175.6
1,115.4
1,052.7
1,099.5
1,111.7
1,126.9
1,161.5


1,876.0

1,876.0
1,837.7
1,986.2
1,814.0
1 835.4
1,852.3
1,978.2
2,101.5
1,897.6
2,064.3
2,053.6
2,214.1


772.6

772.6
723.9
722.4
726.3
675.6
716.2
771.4
740.6
776.9
816.1
873.8
878.7


'218.0

'218.0
'181.0
'185..
1231.2
5198.5
'219.'
1223.8
'169.7
1217.9
5217.4
'211.9
'234.6


2,968.0 i37.8 313.2 1,1,6.0 2,293.9 900.9 '186.6

2,668.0 '37.8 353.2 1,166.0 2,293.9 900.9 '186.6


U.nladju ste


8,508.8

713.6

713.8
b626b.6
657.5
684.5
611.0
779.7
705.8
635.6
896.9
759.9
725.1
712.1


1,-19.5

112. 3

112.3
106.-
1-3.7
119.1
116.9
129.6
103.-
95.8
106.9
128.0
120..
137. 2


5,56-.3

-66.0

-66.0
39.. 9






-20.9
-76.,
*52). "
-15.3
52-..


759.7 141.5 483.7

759.7 141.5 483.7


2t,,.'5. b

3,.21.0

3,-21.0
L1,9.0. i
1,-80. 7
2. -1. j
1,9-5.-)
1,-56. i
, 37. 3
2,2-5.6
2,-. .1
2,3- .5
2,069.-
2,.-.-



2,790.7

2,:90.:


3,s96.-

I s7'.


306.2
3-0.6
341.9
S 265.6
232.8
I 2u7.-
270.i
2?5. 1
302.-
296.5
327.9


1", 700.5

W,'-9.5

1, .q7.5
1,259.0)
1,313. 3
,2-3. 1
,1-'.7.
1,230.8
1,136.6
1,005.3
1,091.8
1,19".0
1,121.2
1,211.1


23,-6,.6

1,89 .."


1,688.6
2,0'9. 5
1,899.2
1,93,. 5
1,961.6
1,96 -
1,622.0
, 93. 3
2,138.6
2,018.6
2,269.-


9,227.6

'55.6

755.6
621.9
687.8
'03.6
626.3
722.7
850.9
800.6
815. 7
919.7
814,. 1
878. 7


37.8 350.0 1,190.5 2,229.7 638.7

37.8 350.0 1,190.5 2,229.7 838.7


2,529.1

218.0

218.0
181.0
185..
231.2
198.5
219.;
223.8
189.7
217.9
217.4
211.9




23186.6

186.6


'Schedule 4 section description are as follows
0. Food ind live animals 5. Chemicals
I. Beverages and tobacco E. linr.ractrea goo0a clA.ifled chierl by material
2. Crude 1rteralsi, inedible, except luela 7. Vtachinery and transport equipment
3. Mineral fu5., lubricanth, a.nd related materials A. Misceliancoug manufacturer articles, n.e.a.
4. Aninal an. vegetable oilas an fats 9. Conmnoditles and transactiOr. no, classilied according to kind
'Adjusted for seasonal and -orking-aay sariatton uing seasonal adjustment factors introduced in Jinusry 1976. See footnote 1 on iront
page. Annual totals are not .hosn for season lly adjusted oats. linaojuste data should be used lor annual lotaid. The adjusted section
total' in this table and similar overall monthly latals in table I and 4 .ere aWdujore independently.
'In the aBsence of demonstrable seasonal patterns for this section, no seasonal adjustment factors have been applied to the data.











Table 7. U.S. General Imports (c.i.f. Value Basis) of Merchandise, Schedule A Sections, Seasonally Adjusted and
Unadjusted, by Month: January 1975 to January 1976
(ri millions of dollar. See EXplMliaaton of Stflatitie for oformatl on coverage. definition of c.l.f. Import value, and sources of error In
the data. Unadjusted totals represent iam of unrounded figure mnd heace may vary lightly from am of rounded moamnts)

Schedule A mse Ions'
Per Inod
S0 1 3 5 7 9

Seamonally adjutled'


1975

January..............

January... ...
February......... .
March..... .... .
April... .........
May....... .... .
June.. .. .. .. .. .
July.. .... .........
August ...............
September .........
October ............ .
November. .. .... ..
December. .. .....

1976

January..............

January........... ..
February. .. .....
March..... .....
April n. ...........
May... .......
June .. .. .......
July .................
August .............
September.......
October. .. .. ....
November. .......
December......




1975

January-Decemaer.....

January..............

January..............
February.. ..........
March...... .........
April................
May..... ..........
June.................
July .................
August ...............
September............
October. .. ........
November........ ..
December.............

1976

January ..........

January.. .........
February.......
March.
April. .. .....
May .. .... .... .
June ....... .. ...
July...... ......
August ..
September.
October .. ....
November ...... .
December...... ....


9,227.7

777.6

771.6
680.4
713.5
742.4
662.3
8-0.1
766.3
694.4
966.6
822.0
789.6
772.3



828.8

828.8


1,542.3

122.8

122.8
114.9
154.7
129.1
126.8
140.6
113.6
105.0
117.6
140.3
132.4
1M9.1



153.2

153.2


3,306.3

3,306.3
2,108.1
1,456.8
2,594.3
2,131.1
1,585.6
2,329.3
2,399. 6
2,690.1
2,597.0
2,549.8
2,452.3


580.2 2,853.0

580.2 2,853.0


6,142.9

527.0

527.0
433.9
501.3
524.5
497.9
568.9
562.7
463.8
523.9
504.6
456.4
578.0



532.6

532.6


28,284.1

3,660.0

3,660.0
2,061.7
1,580.6
2,596.9
2,017.8
1,536.4
2,275.1
2,402.0
2,628.2
2,513.9
2,231.0
2,719.6



2,964.2

2,984.2


454.0

454.0
346.6
349.5
333.9
297.9
262.9
282.3
301.3
304.1
313.1
328.9
344.0


1,10BLO.6

1,510.6
1,580.7
1,461.5
1,407.1
1,387.9
1268.1
,2DD00.5
1,137.0
1,179.6
1,198.9
1,218.4
1,261.5


2,018.0

2,028.0
1,971.4
2,157.7
1,962.0
L,968.4
2,001.8
2,123.5
2,259.3
2,044.5
2, 226.9
2,213.5
2,377.7


'40.7 372.6 1,264.0 2,473.1

'40.7 372.6 1,264.0 2,473.1


Unadjusted


586.6

50. 5

50.5
46.8
57.6

54.6
35.1
47.7
34.9
44.4
51.9
71.2
49.6


3,929.1

467.6

467.6
326.8
361.0
3713.7
302.1
270.5
264.2
288.3
292.2
318.7
316.4
347.5


15,865.6

1,697.5

1,897.5
1, 59.4
1,414.7
1,339.6
1,234.2
1,327.7
1,223.3
1,085.9
1,171.3
1,287.6
1,212.3
1,312.0


25,296.4

2,038.2

2,038.2
1,811.7
2,259.1
2,05..2
2,093.6
2,119.9
2,108.7
1,958.8
1,932.1
2,307.0
2,175.9
2,437.2


'224.3

'224.3
'186.2
'190.9
'238.2
'201.9
'226.3
'228.5
'194.0
'222.9
'222.1
'219.1
'239.4


972.8 191.1

972.8 '191.1


9,945.5

807.1

807.1
666.9
739.0
753.5
674.8
777.7
917.3
865.9
883.9
99&4.6
913.3
951.3


40.7 369.2 1,290.5 2,403.9 905.7

40.7 369.2 1,290.5 2,403.9 905.7


2,588.8

224.3

224.3
186.2
190.9
238.2
201.9
224.3
228.5
194.0
222.9
222.1
216.1
239.4



191.1

191.1


'Schedule A sect ion descrpt ions are as Follows
0. Food ana live animals b. Chemicals
1. Beverages and tobacco 6. Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material
2. Crude materials. Inedlole except fuels 7. Machinery and transport equipment
3. Mineral fuels, lubricants, and related materials 8. Miscellaneous manufactured articles. n.e.B.
4. Animal and vegetable oils and fats 9. Commodttles and transactions not classified according to kind
'Adjusted for seasonal and workiing-day variation using seasonal adjustment factor Introduced In January 1976. See footnote I on front
page. Annual totals are not shown for seasonally adjusted data. Unadjusted data should be used for annual totals. The adjusted section
totals in this table and similar awerall monthly totals In tables 2 and 4 were adjusted Independently.
'In the absence of demonstrable seasonal patterns for this secTion, no seasonal adjustment factors have been applied to the data.









U.S. GENERAL IMPORTS OF PETROLEUM AND SELECTED PETROLEUM
PRODUCTS, UNADJUSTED

Tables 1-A, 1-B, 2-A and 2-B which follow, contain monthly and cumulative-to-date data on U.S. general imports
of crude petroleum products into the U.S. Customs area and into the Virgin Islands for the period January 1975
through January 1976. Prior to January 1976, these data were presented separately in a Supplement to Report
FT 900. (It should be noted that imports into the Virgin Islands are excluded from the official U.S. import totals
presented in the preceding tables of this report.) The data in these tables are not adjusted for seasonal and working-
day variation.
Beginning with the issue for January 1976, the value figures presented in this report are in thousands of dollars
and the quantity figures in thousands of barrels.


Schedule A and TSUSA Commodity Numbers Used in Compiling the Petroleum
Information Presented in This Report


Energy products


Nonenergy products


Schedule A. No.


Crude and partly refined
petroleum
331.0120
331.0140
331.0210
331.0220
331.0230
331.0240

Crude petroleum
331.0120
331.0140

Gasoline
332.1000

Jet fuel
332.2020

Kerosene
332.2040

Distillate fuel oil
332.3020
332.3040

Residual fuel oil
332.4020
332.4040

Propane and butane gas
341.0020

Liquid derivatives of
petroleum, n.e.s.
332.9940 pt.


TSUSA No.


475.0510
475.1010
475.0520, 475.0540
475.1020, 475.1040
475.3520
475.6520


475.0510
475.1010


475.2520, 475.2560


475.2540


475.3000


475.0530
475.1030


475.0550
475.1050


475.1510, 475.1530


Schedule A. No.

Lubricating oils
332.5000 pt.

Lubricating greases
332.5000 pt.

Paraffin and other mineral
waxes
332.6220 pt.
332.6240


Asphalt
332.9800


Naphthas not for further
refinement
332.9920

All other petroleum product!
(pitch of tar coke, non-
liquid hydrocarbon mix-
tures, and calcined petro-
leum and coal coke not for
fuel)
332.9700 pt.
332.9940 pt.
599.8040 pt.


TSUSA No.


475.4500


475.5500, 475.6000



494.2200
494.2400


521.1100



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Bureau of the Census
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