Potato stocks

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Potato stocks
Uniform Title:
Potato stocks (United States. Crop Reporting Board)
Abbreviated Title:
Potato stocks (1979)
Physical Description:
v. : ; 27 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Crop Reporting Board
Publisher:
Crop Reporting Board
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Creation Date:
December 1980
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, in season (dec.-mar. -1975; dec.-apr. 1976-1978; dec.-may 1979-1981)
monthly
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Potatoes -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )

Notes

Statement of Responsibility:
Crop Reporting Board, Economics, Statistics, & Cooperatives Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with: Jan. 1974
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Ceased with: May 1981.
Issuing Body:
Vols. prior to Jan. 1978 were issued by the Board subordinate to the Statistical Reporting Service; Jan. 1978- by the Board subordinate to the Economics, Statistics, & Cooperatives Service.
General Note:
Title from caption.
General Note:
"Pot 1-2."
General Note:
Description based on: Jan. 1979.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000490368
notis - ACQ8719
oclc - 02255959
lccn - sc 78000227
issn - 0364-2259
sobekcm - AA00005270_00012
Classification:
lcc - NOT IN LC
ddc - 338
System ID:
AA00005270:00037

Related Items

Preceded by:
Total potato stocks
Succeeded by:
Estimated potato stocks and production

Full Text
~a. E~t~f'rX: ~


Crop
Reporting
Board


December
3:00 P.M.


15,
ET


1980


UNIV OF FL L
DOCUMENTS DEPT.
.* S. -- -

I I C flcncl irrrnx.


Economics and
Statitia Service
U.S. Department
of Agriculture
Wahington, D.C.
20260


POTATO STOCKS DOWN


15 PERCENT


FROM YEAR EARLIER


Potato stocks as of December 1,
the 15 major States (See Table 3,
Crop Reporting Board. This is 15
percent below the comparable 1978
the smallest since 1973.


, 1980 arn
page 3 fo
percent
total.


e estimated at 169.8 million cwt in
r list of States), according to the
less than December 1, 1979 and 23
Total stocks for the 15 States are


The
million
percent


regional breakdown is as follows:
cwt in storage, 21 percent less
below 1978. Maine stocks are down


The three Eas
than December 1
19 percent from


;tern


States


26.8
1 12


(Comments


continued on


page


Effective w
tinued. St
Vermont, In
counted for
stocks qual
because of


ith this issue, stocks
ates discontinued were
diana, South Dakota, Ut
only 1.9 percent of la
ity survey for the Red
a reduction of funds.


estimates for eight States
Connecticut, Massachusetts
ah and Wyoming. These eig
st year's December 1 stock
River Valley has also been


were di
Rhode
it State
. The
discount


scon-
Island,
s ac-
potato
inued


FALL


POTATOES:


PRODUCTION


AND


STOCKS D


EnILU


A.


a year a
last year.


::". .....,.I i.L~Z uli~.*~r-ru .* 7 -J -- i iZ ( i*i 1_L-*i. : ___ ..


Er
:ij,
:"


I- Yo)





TABLE 1.


PALL POTATOES: DECEMBER 1, JANUARY 1, FEBRUARY 1, MARCH 1, APRIL 1 AND MAY 1 TOTAL STOCK
AND COMPARABLE PRODUCTION FOR 15 STATES ESTIMATING POTATO STOCKS 1/


: PRODUCTION


: DEC 1 : JAN 1 : FEB 1 : MAR1 > : APR 1 : AY I1


- fllllllllrr(I-a-----------eaa-- -***^*^ -^^^*^~ -IIIIIIIIII f^lf^l------ -lfb-a---w --* e*n efle -


1,000 CWT


1970
1971 2/
1972
1973


259,977
258,613
242,390
247,686
278,679
266,422
294,978
295,421
311,981
285,060
253,883


171,600
172,550
155,190
154,890


147,
148,
132,
131,
160,
156,
"172,
175,
193,
176,


120,650
122,350
105,240
105,360
131,480
129,710
142,030
147,930
162,980
147,910


95,850
97,000
82,260
80,460
102,963
102,850
112,830
119,850
132,570
121.720


57,710
55,465
75,217
70,970
81,130
88,680
99,250
92,550


64,810 ,
59,535
,a -,i~i


SEE TABLE 3 FOR LIST OF 15 STATES.


BEGINNING WITH 1971


LATE SUMMER PRODUCTION FOR N Y


TABLE 2.


- L I, WIS AND WASH HAS BEEN CLASSIFIED AS FALL.


POTATOES USED FOR PROCESSING 1/
1979 2/ AND 1980 CROPS


SEVEN STATES


- --il I- -L L--------- ----------.--- -----I---Ii ------- i---- a --------- ------- San ------iiii--- -


STATE


STORAGE
: SEASON


DEC 1


JAN 1


: FEB 1


: MAR


: APR


: MAY 1


: ENTIRE
: SEASON


-- ----l-i a --- a i :


1,000 CWT


IDAHO, AND MALHEUR
CO., OREG


MAINE 3/


WASH AND OTHER


AREAS


OREG


OTHER STATES 4/


TOTAL


1/ TOTAL
PRODUCED.


REVISED


QUANTITY


1979-80
1980-81


: 1979-80
: 1980-81


1979-80
1980-81

1979-80
S1980-81

1979-80
1980-81

RECEIVED


14,220
14,460

2,010
2,190

13,510
14,610

2,660
2,305

32,400
33.565


18,690


2.655


16,995


3,405


41,745


23,970


3,470


20,725


4.260


52,425


28,840


4.245


24,915


5.100


63,100


34,440


5,200


29,395


6,055


75,090


39,930


6,200


33,360


6.880


86.370


55,600


7,965


43,295


8,785


115,645


ai a r l -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -n


AND USED


FOR PROCESSING


REGARDLESS


OF THE STATE


IN WHICH


DOES NOT INCLUDE QUANTITIES USED FOR POTATO CHIPS IN MAINE, MICH OR MINN.
.


THE POTATOES WERE


INCLUDES MAINE GROWN POTATOES ONLY.
MICH. MINN AND N DAK.


yx:: :i
r iii,


...:*





TABLE 3. POTATOES: PRODUCTION AND TOTAL STOCKS OF FALL POTATOES HELD BY GROWERS,
PROCESSORS, AND LOCAL DEALERS ON DECEMBER 1, 1979 AND DECEMBER 1, 1980


CROP OF 1979


CROP OF 1980


: PRODUCTION


:TOTAL STOCK
:DEC 1, 1979


1,000 CWT


------------
:DEC 1 STOCK
AS % OF
PRODUCTION

PERCENT


PRODUCTION


:TOTAL STOCK
:DEC 1. 1980


:DEC 1 STOCK
S: AS % OF
: PRODUCTION


PERCENT


CALIF
COLO
IDAHO
MAINE
MICH
MINN
MONT
NEBR
NY-LI
UPSTATE


15 STATE TOTAL


285,060


200,820


253,883


169.780


RELIABILITY OF DECEMBER


PRODUCTION AND STOCKS ESTIMATES


report
below
final
devia
stati
expect
affec
"Root
chance
the f
of 14


t


t


o assist
, the "RoN
This is
estimates
ions for


users


ot M
com
as
the


in evaluating


lean Square
tputed by
a percer
1960-79


Error",
pressing
of th
;wenty 3


reliability


a


I


g t
e i
yeai


states
ie dev


final estima
r period; t


action and stocks estimates
based on past performance,
n the December 1 estimates


id av
lare


er.
ro


stically the "Root Mean Square Error". Probability state
ted errors in the current estimates relative to the final est
ting this year's estimates are not different from those of re
Mean Square Error" for the December 1 stocks estimate is 2.0
es are 2 out of 3 that the current estimate of 170 million c
final estimate by more than 2.0 percent or approximately 3.4 mi
3 (90 percent confidence level) that the difference will


approximately 5.8 mi


lion cwt.


aging
ot of
tents
inmates
cent j
percer
wt wil
llion
not


the squared per
this average
can be made con
., assuming that
years. For examp
nt. This means t
II not be above o


cwt.
excee


Chances ar


in this
s shown
and the
centage
becomes
cerning
factors
le, the
hat the
r below
e 9 out


percent


Also shown below is the 10-year (1970-79) record of the differences between the December 1
production and stocks estimates and the final estimates. Using stocks again as an example,
changes between the December 1 estimate and the final estimate during the 10 years have averaged
3.20 million cwt, ranging from 0.55 million to 6.56 million cwt. During this 10-year period the
December 1 estimate has been below the final estimate 9 out of 10 years.


RELIABILITY OF DECEMBER


ROOT MEAN
SQUARE ERROR


1 FALL POTATO ESTIMATES


TEN YEAR RECORD OF DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
DEC 1 AND FINAL ESTIMATE


CROP AND ESTIMATE


S: 90% CONFIDENCE
LEVEL
: PERCENT: --- ---- -- ----------:
: PERCENT: QUANTITY:


------- -------------------------------
*
S


MILLION
rl.IT


QUANTITY
QUANTITY


AVERAGE

MILLION
rLUT


:SMALLEST:


LARGEST


: NUMBER OF YEARS
-----------------
: BELOW: ABOVE
: FINAL : FINAL


STATE


1,000 CWT


tical
nation


MILLION MILLION
rUT riT


I

1


f




TABLE 4.


FALL POTATOES:


STOCKS BY TYPE AS PERCENT OF TOTAL STOCKS, DECEMBER 1,
11 MAJOR STATES


1980,


: POTATO TYPES


STATE


S
---- ---------------- ----------------------------------- a a a ----------------


WHITES


RUSSETS


TOTAL


: PERCENT


1/90
1/ 27100
24


COLO
IDAHO
MAINE
MICH
MINN
NY
N DAK
OREG
PA
WASH
WIS


11 STATE TOTAL : 4 24 72 100i


INCLUDES SMALL QUANTITIES OF WHITES, LESS THAN 5 PERCENT OF TOTAL
INCLUDES SMALL QUANTITIES OF REDS, LESS THAN 5 PERCENT OF TOTAL.
INCLUDES SMALL AMOUNT OF RUSSETS, LESS THAN 5 PERCENT OF TOTAL.
NOT PUBLISHED TO AVOID DISCLOSURE OF INDIVIDUAL OPERATIONS.


I/ 2/
1/2/


FALL POTATOES 1/


STATE
- a m m mm mda -at mm


8 AREA HARVESTED t
a -...--. a. ..-----. 15 i
t 1978 1 1979 : 1980 I
f l,00 CRES-" .


--YIELn
-------mes


OtT


a8- -
1980 3


PRODUCTION
i ------- nfl


1978 t 1979 I
.1,000 C.T


- @ --- i- a- 1- *ltlh llll
-D
1980


CALIF
COLO
CONN
IDAHO-10 SW C'
-OTHER C
IND
MAINE
MASS
MICH
MINN
MONT
NEBR
NEV
N Y-LONG IS
-UPSTATE
N OAK
OHIO
OREG-MALHEUR
*OTHER CO
PA
R I
S DAK
UTAH
VT
WASH
WIS
WYO


17.
41.
2.
32.
333.
3.
118.
3,.
34.
71.

7.
17.
23.
25.
135.
10.
10.
56.
295.
3.
7.
5.


111.
55.
6.


17.
39.
2.
30.
300.


6,055
11,275
513
10400
89,910
936
25,960
810
8.500
14,910
2,088
1.800
5.440
6.175
6,500
23,625
2,215
3,780
24.708
6,250
918
1,190
1,446
160
50.505
17,325
1,462


102.
54.
5.


.364
9455
462
,050
,000
,071
,685
748
.000
,920
.800
.482
,950
.431
.463
,240
,400
9810
9500
9000
759
,203
,375
147
,450
,010
,144


6,438
10,950
405
7,820
70.635
726
24,960
748
7,403
9,920
1,725
1,876
4.420
4.418
6,250
15.680
1,94R
3.650
16,095
4,180
736


TOTAL : 1,165.5 1,071.1 981.2


279


270


324,


856 296,919 264,594
-------- ---- a -m --------e~l~em ---mm~


e




TABLE 6.


AREA PLANTED, FALL POTATOES


STATE


1,000 ACRE


CALIF


IDAHO


- SW CO.
- OTHER CO.


338.0


305.0


282.0


MAINE


119.0


116.0


108.0


32.5
65.0


MONT
NEBR


NY -LI
UPSTATE
N DAK


137.0


121.0


114.0


OREG


- MALHEUR CO.
- OTHER CO.


S DAK
UTAH
VT


111.0


102.0


TOTAL


,186.7


100.7


,004.3


REVISED.


1980 POTATO OBJECTIVE YIELD SURVEY


The Economics


in the


fields
sampling


11 major fall


were


procedure.


and Statistics


Service


producing States


selected
Field


fields just prior to and


conducted


in 1980.


a random


workers


basis


recorded


potato


Sample plots


using


counts


immediately after harvest.


objective


were


yield


located


a scientifically


and measurements


surveys
in potato
designed
aom these


The sample


tables


data


are presented


from


the objective


to provide


current


yield


surveys


information


presented
about the


in the following
roo and are not


official estimates.




TABLE 7:


POTATOES:


HARVEST LOSS BY TYPE OF POTATOES, 1979-80 1/


STATE


ROUND REDS


ROUND WHITES


RUSSETS


ALL TYPES


:~CW PERT ACREC


IDAHO


MAINE


MICH


MINN


N DAK


1/ POTATOES LEFT IN THE FIELD AT TIME OF HARVEST.


INSUFFICIENT SAMPLE SIZE.


TABLE 8:


POTATOES:


AVERAGE NUMBER OF HILLS PER ACRE, BY TYPE,


1979-80 1/


ROUND REDS


ROUND WHITES


RUSSETS


* Ulr~.lll~11-11~


NUMBER
OF
SAMPLES


AV. NO.
HILLS
PER ACRE


---. L ------------------ --------------


NUMBER
OF
SAMPLES


HILLS
PER ACRE


NUMBER
OF
SAMPLES


-----------
AV. NO.
HILLS
PER ACRE


12,565
12.144


11,764
10,736

2/
14,309

10,031
10,037


11,182
11,520

12,665
12,577

11,086
10,783

11,328
11,489

10,103
9,910


2/


16,502
16,014

12,161
12,223

11,307
10,119

13,758
13,489

10,213
9,961

2/
12,772


9,769
9,998

13,793
13,600


STATE


IDAHO


MAINE


MICH


MINN


N DAK





The six Central States had stocks
below last year and 28 percent less
Minnesota are down 20 percent and North
year ago.


totaling 34.1 million cwt, 15 percent
than December 1, 1978. Stocks in
Dakota stocks down 14 percent from a


In the six Western States, potato
14 percent less than December 1, 1979
are down 11 percent while Washington
a year earlier.

Disappearance of the 1980 crop ir
down slightly from the same period
million cwt of potatoes that were lo1
fed to livestock on potato farms,
without grading.


stocks are estimated
and 23 percent belong
and Oregon are both


i the 15 States total
a year ago. This
st as a result of dun
shrinkage (moisture


I at 109 million cwt,
S1978. Idaho stocks
down 21 percent from

ed 84.1 million cwt,
total includes 13.8
ping during grading,
loss) and discarded


The quantity
processing States
period last year.


of potatoes
anmunted to


processed to
33.6 mini1on


December
cwt, 4


1, 1980
percent


in seven
above the


major
same


FALL


POTATO PRODUCTION


DOWN


PERCENT


Product
million cwt
1 percent
metric tons
11 percent


ion
(1
abo
)fro
froi


of fall pot
2.0 million
ve the Octo
Production
m 1979.


;atoes in the U.S.
metric tons), down
ber 1 forecast of
for the 15 stocks


(24 States) is estimated at 264.6
11 percent from the 1979 crop but
260.7 million cwt (11.8 million
States is 253.9 million cwt, down


The 1980 U.S. crop was harvested
hectares), 8 percent below 1979 and 16
yield at 270 cwt is 7 cwt less than last


from 981
percent
year and


thousand ac
below 1978.
9 cwt below


res
The
1978


(397 thousand
average U.S.
i.


In the
14 percent
last year
acres, down


seven Eastern States, production is estimated at 41.8 million cwt,
less than 1979. Average yield at 234 cwt per acre is 20 cwt below
but equal to the 1978 yield. Harvested acreage totals 178,800
7 percent from last year.


Production in the
percent less than last
cwt per acre, is 19 cwt
down 4 percent.


eight Central States is set at 54.6 million cwt,
year and 23 percent below 1978. Average yield, at
below 1979 while harvested acreage at 283,700 acre;


down
cwt


In the nine Western States,
10 percent from 1979 and 19
from last year but harvested


production is placed at 168.2
percent below 1978. Yield per
acreage at 518,700 acres is down


million cwt,
acre is up 6
11 percent.






UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
WASHINGTON. D.C. 20250


OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE. $300


POSTAGE AND PEES PAID
U.S. oEPARTMENr OF
AGRICULTURE
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6,;

:lt
li~i~i
EiE
"* "


7781
UNIV
CS I


UOj FHLF DI A.2


OF FLA


NST


HUME
FO &


20019


0001


LIBR


tSGR


GAINESVILLE


32.11


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address Q send this sheet with label
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d 4


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