Potato stocks

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Potato stocks
Uniform Title:
Potato stocks (United States. Crop Reporting Board)
Abbreviated Title:
Potato stocks (1979)
Physical Description:
v. : ; 27 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Crop Reporting Board
Publisher:
Crop Reporting Board
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, in season (dec.-mar. -1975; dec.-apr. 1976-1978; dec.-may 1979-1981)
monthly
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Potatoes -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
statistics   ( marcgt )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with: Jan. 1974
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Ceased with: May 1981.
Issuing Body:
Vols. prior to Jan. 1978 were issued by the Board subordinate to the Statistical Reporting Service; Jan. 1978- by the Board subordinate to the Economics, Statistics, & Cooperatives Service.
General Note:
Title from caption.
General Note:
"Pot 1-2."
General Note:
Description based on: Jan. 1979.
Statement of Responsibility:
Crop Reporting Board, Economics, Statistics, & Cooperatives Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000490368
notis - ACQ8719
oclc - 02255959
lccn - sc 78000227
issn - 0364-2259
sobekcm - AA00005270_00006
Classification:
lcc - NOT IN LC
ddc - 338
System ID:
AA00005270:00006

Related Items

Preceded by:
Total potato stocks
Succeeded by:
Estimated potato stocks and production

Full Text





NIV B R
POtatO stocks ()





January 1, 197 Release:
,-,STORY ,. January 10, 1975
'S.- *. 3:00 EM ET

TOTAL POTATO STOCKS UP 21 PERCENT

Stocks of Irish potatoes for all uses held in storage by growers, local
dealers and processors in the fall production areas totaled a record 161.7
million cwt. on January 1, 1975, according to the Crop Reporting Board. This
was 28.1 million cwt. (21 percent) more than the 133.6 million cwt. on hand
January 1, 1974.

Stocks in the eight eastern States on January 1, 1975 totaled 36.2 million
cwt., 43 percent more than the 25.3 million cwt. on hand a year earlier. Maine
potatoes being marketed during December had a substantially higher percentage
that failed to meet U. S. No. 1 standards than a year ago and average, pri-
marily as a result of bruising and frost damage during harvest. Cull-out of
supplies is also above normal as a result of frost damage in some areas of
Upstate New York and Pennsylvania.
For the eight central States, January 1, 1975 potato stocks of 35.1 mil-
lion cwt. were 25 percent above the 28.0 million cwt. a year earlier. Quality
of potatoes in Wisconsin, Ohio and the Red River Valley of North Dakota and
Minnesota is highly variable. Heavy sunburn and frost damage are major fac.-
tors contributing to the above average shrink and loss occurring in some
storage. Where damage has been severe, some bins have been dumped or sold
as livestock feed.
Stocks in the eight western States totaled 90.5 million cwt., 13 percent
above the 80.3 million cwt. on hand a year earlier. In most areas, potatoes
went into storage in good condition and quality of remaining stocks in storage
is average or better.

Disappearance from the 1974 fall crop to January 1, 1975 totaled 122.8
'million cwt. (excluding Nevada), 2 percent more than the 120.3 million cwt.
moved in the comparable period a year earlier.

The accumulated quantity of potatoes processed in seven major States to
January 1, 1975 from the 1974 crop totaled 49.4 million cwt., an increase of 3
percent from the 48.1 million cwt. processed for the comparable period a year
earlier. However, the quantity processed during December was only 7.6 million
cwt., compared to 10.3 million cwt. for December 1973.


UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
STATISTICAL REPORTING SERVICE CROP REPORTING BOARD
Pot 1-2 (1-75) WASHINGTON, D.C. 20250
























TABLE 1. FALL POTATOES: PRODUCTION, DECEMBER 1, JANUARY 1, FEBRUARY 1, MARCH 1,
AND APRIL 1, TOTAL STOCKS, CROPS OF 1964 74 IN THE FALL STATES

:R : TOTAL STOCKS
CRO : PRODUCTION:
YEAR DECEMBER :FOLLOWING YhAR
: : JANUARY 1 : FEBRUARY 1: MARCH 1 : APRIL I
1,000 CWT.

1964 : 174,491 114,550 94,205 73,120 54,535
1965 : 216,749 147,780 124,170 98,670 74,905
1966 : 228,442 153,550 128,050 103,630 79,632
1967 : 231,656 161,500 139,170 112,640 86,405
1968 : 221,906 152,310 130,350 104,995 81,940
1969 : 239,460 162,800 138,140 111,510 87,620
1970 : 253,525 175,145 150,030 122,830 96,780
1971 1/ : 266,686 176,340 151,400 124,370 98,480
19'72 : 248,841 158,440 134,320 107,165 83,305 2/ 58,185
1973 3/ : 253,866 157,802 133,585 106,600 81,150 55,865
1974 287,710 187,385 161,725

1,' BEGINNING WITH 1971 LATE SUMMER PRODUCTION FOR NEW YORK-LONG ISLAND, WISCONSIN AND WASHINGTON
ilA DfoLL CLASSIFIED AS FALL.
2/ APRIL 1 STOCKS EFFECTIVE WITH 1972 CROP YEAR.
3/ REVISED AUGUST 1974 POT 6(74).



TABLE 2. POTATOES USED FOR PROCESSING, 1/ SEVEN STATES, 1973 AND 1974 CROPS


STATE FROM 1973 CROP FROM 1974 CROP
AND
AREA ENTIRE SEASON TO JANUARY 1, 1974 TO JANUARY 1, 1975

1,000 CWT.

MIAINE 7,288 4,339 3,823
IDAHO AND
MALHEUR CO., OREGON 55,506 23,005 23,803
WASHINGTON AND OTHER
AREAS, OREGON 30,140 15,726 16,815
OTHER STATES 2/ 9,937 5,026 4,918
SEVEN STATE TOTAL 102,871 48,096 49,359

1/ TOTAL QUANTITY RECEIVED AND USED FOR PROCESSING REGARDLESS OF THE STATE PR SEASON IN WHICH THE
POTATOES WERE PRODUCED. DOES NOT INCLUDE QUANTITIES USED FOR POTATO CHIPS IN MAINE'AND MICHICAN.
2/ MICHIGAN, MINNESOTA AND NORTH DAKTOA.


CROP REPORTING BOARD, SRS, USDA


NOTE: Stocks are defined as the quantity remaining in storage for
all purposes and uses, including shrinkage and waste and
other losses that occur after the date of each report.
Sales of fall potatoes for all purposes generally account
for about 90 percent of the total fall production, with
losses due to shrink accounting for most of the remaining
10 percent. Although more than usual storage losses are
expected this season due to lower quality of potatoes en-
tering storage in some areas, no attempt is made at this
date to estimate potential losses to current storage stocks.


POTATO STOCKS, JANUARY 1975







TABLE 3. POTATOES: PHOLDIICTION ANhu S'IUC: OF FALL POTATOES HELD BY
GROWERS, PROCESSORS AND LOCAL DEALERS ON JAN 1, 1974
AND JAN. 1, 1975 1/


:CROP OF 1973 CROP OF 1974
STATE : STOCKS STOCKS
STATE PRODUCTION STOCKS PRODUCTION STOCKS
: JAN 1, 1974 : JAN. 1, 1975
1,000 CWT.

CALIF 6,253 2,850 6,324 3,150
COLO 8,235 4,550 8,840 5,050
CONN 572 2/ 598 235
IDAHO : 78,965 49,000 80,045 51,000
INC 1,238 130 1,272 95
MAINE : 28,770 18,500 36,400 26,500
MASS 592 2/ S00 300
MICH : 7,520 3,300 8,330 3,400
MINN : 13,120 7,900 15,300 10,500
MONT 1,462 1,350 1,750 1,450
NEBR 1,012 550 1,152 600
NEV 3/ 3/ 3,188 ./
NH 102 2/ 144 65
N Y LONG ISLAND : 5,375 1,500 6,750 2,100
UPSTATE b,b70 2,400 7,236 3,500
N DAK 19,140 10,600 22,950 13,800
OHIO 1,800 550 1,995 570
OREG 15,929 5,850 17,482 7,600
PA 6,300 2,450 7,360 3,350
R I 796 4/ 1,034 4/
S DAk 770 350 371 300
UTAI 1,100 580 1,481 780
VT : 50 2/ 220 110
WASH 35,260 15,600 41,160 20,500
WIS : 11,515 4,600 14,000 5,800
WYO 1,220 530 1,528 970
OTHER STATES -- 445 -- -

TOTAL 25 FALL STATES 253,866 133,585 287,710 161,725

1/ TOTAL STOCKS CONSIST OF "PRODUCTION LESS TOTAL DISAPPEARANCE TO DATE."


STOCKS INCLUDED IN "OTHER STATES"
NOT PUBLISHED TO AVOID DISCLOSURE
R I STOCKS INCLUDED IN CONN.


TOTAL.
OF INDIVIDUAL OPERATIONS.


CROP REPORTING BOARD, SRS, USDA


POTATO STOCKS, JANUARY 1975





POTATO STOCKS QUALITY SURVEY
Minnesota and North Dakota (Red River Valley)


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

IIII Ii6l 8inIIIuil
3 1262 06862 0678


Quality information contained in this report is based on a potato stocks survey conducted by
the Statistical Reporting Service in the Red River Valley. There were 175 samples selected on a
random basis that were placed in storage at the time of harvest. Reports will be issued during
the 1974-75 storage season indicating accumulated average grade and weight loss for potatoes re-
moved from storage.


This report does not contain information by variety on changes in quality (U.S. Grade) or
on weight loss of potatoes removed from storage by January 1, 1975. Too few samples were re-
covered by this time to establish valid indications or averages by variety. Out of 175 samples
placed in storage in the Red River Valley, only 15 had been recovered to that date. Recovered
samples showed a high degree of variability and ranged from 98 percent U.S. No. 1 (including
B's) to 100 percent culls.
..n


However, the 15 samples recovered before January 1, 1975 in the aggregate showed a pro- i
nounced decline in quality. All varieties combined averaged 70 percent U.S. No. I (including ..::
B's), 8 percent less than at harvest. Culls for all varieties averaged 21 percent compared witih..:i.ill!!!.
11 percent at the time of harvest. In addition, total deterioration and physiological changes if. i7"
potatoes (weight loss) while in storage is now indicated at 7 percent.

Averages for potatoes shipped to January 1, 1974 are shown for the last year's crop. Thus,
comparisons relating to change in grade from January to final can be made for the 1973 crop. IT
interpreting current survey indications consideration should be given to further changes in i
average grade and weight loss from January 1 to the end of season.


POTATO STOCKS QUALITY. RED RIVER VALLEY. 1974-75
AVERAGE GRADE OF POTATOES SHIPPED: I/

NO. 1
NO. 2 CULLS NO. 1
VARIETAL: INCLUDING B'S : WEIGHT
TYPE AT : AFTER AT : AFTER AT :AFTER : LOSS
: HARVEST : STORAGE : HARVEST : STORAGE : HARVEST : STORAGE :
----- -PERCENT ------

SAMPLES RECOVERED BEFORE JANUARY 1, 1975 3/
RED
WHITE
RUSSET

SAMPLES RECOVERED BEFORE JANUARY 1, 1974
RED : 94 77 3 12 3 11 2 3
WHITE : 85 71 8 13 7 16 2 5
RUSSET 84 95 8 4 8 1 4 1

ALL SAMPLES 1973-74 STORAGE SEASON FINAL
RED
E 3 88 4 6 3 6 4 2
RSSET 83 76 9 11 8 13 3 3
83 83 10 8 7 9 9 2
I/ MATCHED SRMPLES, QUALITY AT HARVEST COMPARED WITH QUALITY AFTER STORAGE.
2/ NO. 1 B'S ARE POTATOES THAT MEET THE U.S. NO. 1 GRADE BUT DID NOT MEET MINIMUM
SIZE STANDARDS FOR THE AREA; RED AND WHITE VARIETIES 1 1/2 2 INCHES IN DIAMETER
AND RUSSET VARIETIES UNDER 2 INCHES IN DIAMETER OR WEIGHT LESS THAN 4 OUNCES.
3/ DATA FOR 1974-75 SEASON NOT PUBLISHED DUE TO INSUFFICIENT NUMBER OF SAMPLES
RECOVERED FROM STORAGE PRIOR TO JANUARY 1.


CROP REPORTING BOARD, SR,S USDA


I


illjir
::.:)


POTATO STOCKS, JANUARY 1975