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SME LIBRARY LIBRARIES
SEP 22 1979 INFORMATION
CUTLER OUTLINES RD POLICY
In a major policy speech on rural development, Assistant Secretary
of Agriculture Rupert Cutler told an Arkansas audience "Rural
development is a major USDA commitment. Rural conservation,
research and extension are primary elements of that commitment.
We are committed to providing rural Americans with more employment
and investment opportunities and with higher and more equitable
incomes. We are committed to conserving resources and abating
pollution in rural communities--to improving the quality of life in
rural America--and we are committed to the research that holds
the key to this better life."
tHe noted a tripling of RD-related research projects in USDA and at colleges and universities between 1970
,,and 1976 and said that spending on Extension educational programs in nonfarm RD more than doubled
-between 1970 and 1977. "This represents not more government spending, but a redirection of funds from
_other areas," he said. "This is in keeping with President Carter's pledge to improve management, reduce
overlapping and duplication of effort and provide better service to the American people," he continued.
He d1ted a number of examples of the kind of work Extension is doing in Arkansas and nationwide to
"promote citizen participation and to enhance the ability of local communities to deal with their own
problems- n "esasetial process'."
.W GOALS CITED
John Ledlie, Deputy Assiat tut Admiistrator for
Ruril. evelqpmentlTic,. Farmers' Home Adminis-
tration, recetfy iPdte dIWA hFiln development
ouls at a speac aponuwo by the Pennsylvania
. ral D"eveopn .t Cotit~a at Pe insylvania State
-- Ih.ro*at Iz....m.ip .. vuk and increase
...... r ... r. l resid.. r dents to
,.. ..... !1antial c community
.. .. ... *0, ue ftu c. WR
Excerpt from Community Rural Development
Newsletter March 1979.
BY USDA OFFICIAL
-- Provide a more equitable distribution of
opportunities through targeting efforts on
distressed areas, communities and people.
Create and implement a process for
Involving the private sector and local, State,
and Federal agencies in establishing policies
and programs that affect rural areas.
-- Strengthen the planning, management,
and decision-making capacity of public and
private institutions concerned with economic
opportunity and quality of life in rural
Excerpt from Community Rural Development
Newsletter March 1979.
VOL. 5, NO. 7/8 JULY /AUGUST 1979
gELTSVILLt, MARYLAND 20705
AGRICULTURAL BIBLIOGRAPHY AWARD
OVERLY AWARD CITATION
son FOR THE BEST BIBLIOGRAPHY The Oberly Award for Bibliography in Agriculture and.
M smni .ft related sciences was presented to James B. Beard,
.4Jpaimnrf .cAwM.a197f797 J. Beard and David P. Martin for Turifraa.rs
.uM Unt a from 1672 to 1972 at the Amnerican IUbars
*sscuni Annual Convention in Dallas, Texas, on June '27.
O couE J 'a S arL presentation took place during the program metin..g t.F
mutMA J utnrJ 'ardL the Science and Technology Section of the Asea
uumua- of College and Research libraries of the American Il
vFTH Dgid JAMp I w
usaaav 'Tir fraps:
isscarn- i harr.A vjam nm. aj ft Z The Award, presented in odd number years, is the
_______________ 7019 award currently administered by the Association of
College and Research Libraries. It is in the form of a hand-lettered citation and a check for $100.
James Beard is currently Professor of the Soil and kerg
Sciences, Texas A & M University, and has previously
held academic appointments at Michigan State Univerftiy
and Purdue University. His undergraduate work was
done at Ohio State University; he received his M. :
and Ph.D. degrees from Purdue University. Dr. Beard
has held National Science Foundation fellowships at
Purdue and at the University of California, Riverside
Campus. He has provided leadership and coordination
of the research program in stress physiology and culture
of perennial grasses, has pioneered investigations con-
cerning the metabolic basis of indirect heat stress, d":
adaptation, wear tolerance, and thatch biodegradation.
Discovery of the spring root die-back phenomenon in
C-4 grasses is of particular note. Other research emphases have been on the prevention of winter injury,
ecology of grass communities, roadside establishmunent, and sod production. Dr. Beard is the author of 74
scientific journal papers and 196 popular technical articles.
Co-compiler is David P. Martin, Associate Professor am
Extension Agronomist, Ohio State University. Dr. nM
received a B.A- degree from Goshen Colege and M.$
and Ph.D. degrees from Michigan State University. I.
current responsibilities include teaching turf courses
statewide extension leadership in turfgrass anae
science, and research interests in nutrition, nd "i
and weed control. He is the author or coauthor uf:t
technical papers and numerous popular articles. i!
Associated with Dr. Beard in the Award is his wife,
Harriet J. Beard, for her work in editing and revising
The Oberly Award for Bibliography in the Agricultural
and Related Sciences was established as memorial to
Eunice Rockwood Oberly by her colleagues at the U.S.
Department of Agriculture. Miss Oberly .spent her entire
professional career in the U.S. Department of Agriculture
as librarian and bibliographer. In 1908, the Division of
Vegetable Physiology and Pathology and the Office of
Botanical Investigations were consolidated to form the
Bureau of Plant Industry. Miss Oberly was appointed
the Bureau Librarian, a position which she held until
her untimely death on November 5, 1921. Her highly specialized contributions to bibliography were devoted
almost entirely to phytopathological subjects.
The Oberly Award has been presented in the odd-numbered years since 1925, with the exception of 1943,
when it was omitted because of World War [I, and in 1969, when a recipient was not selected. In 1979,
the monetary award was supplemented by the Associates of the National Agricultural Library, Inc.. in order
that each recipient could receive a check for $100.
The chairman of the 1979-80 Award Committee is
TOXICOLOGY ABSTRACTS AT NERAC
New England Research Application Center (NERAC)
announces the addition of Toxicology Abstracts to
its extensive list of data bases accessed in toxicologi-
cally related subject areas. Toxicology Abstracts
covers over 5,000 international journals in 23
languages with the major emphasis on acute and
chronic toxic effects.
Significant areas covered include the following:
2. Food Additives and Contaminants
3. Social Poisons and Drug Abuse
5. Radiation and Radioactive Materials
6. Toxicity Legislation
8. Toxicity Testing and Analytical Procedures
9. Natural (Plant and Animal) Toxins
10. Industrial Materials, Metals and Pollution
For a comprehensive access to the toxicological
literature of the world, Toxicology Abstracts is
especially useful when searched in conjunction with
other applicable data bases such as Biological
Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Condensates, Pollution
Abstracts, Food Science and Technology Abstracts,
Pharmaceutical News Index, Government Report
Abstracts, and Conference Papers Index.
John Beecher, Agricultural Library, University of Illinois,
AUDIOVISUALSS FROM GUELPH
The Office of Audio Visual Services at the University
of Guelph is making a number of learning materials
available to individuals and institutions. Included
An Introduction to the Poultry Industry. 59
2x2 color slides with audio cassette and
An Introduction to Modern Poultry Management.
77 2x2 color slides with audio cassette and
Stimulation of Feeding in Turkey Poults. 10
minute sound/color film. 16mm video-
If you are interested in receiving the free catalogue
of learning materials, contact
Office for Educational Practice
University of Guelph
Guelph, Ontario, Canada NIG 2W1
UPDATE ON AGRIS
CaTol A. Johnson, Chief.
National Agricultural Library, TIS/SEA/USDA
AGRIS (International Information System for the
Agricultural Sciences and Technology) is a de-
centralized system which provides a worldwide
current awareness service of bibliographic records
by facilitating the exchange of information among
all participating countries.
As one of more than 92 participants in the AGRIS
system, the National Agriculthral Library is
responsible for information published in the United
States, and has been contributing machine-readable
records to this data base since its inception in 1975.
During the first few years it was necessary for NAL
to do double-coding and input of all citations
added to AGRIS because of inconsistencies between
its own record format (CAIN), and that used by
AGRIS. This additional workload meant that the
number of U.S. items added to AGRIS had to be
limited to 12,000 per annum.
In the intervening years, closer liaison between the
AGRIS coordinating center and NAL resulted in
computer programs being written to provide machine
conversion of records from CAIN to AGRIS. As
a consequence, by the end of 1977 it was possible
for NAL to discontinue separate coding and input
for AGRIS. Concomitantly, more time and
attention was given to improved coverage of U.S.
publications, especially those of USDA.
This change-over has proven to be highly successful.
Indeed, according to AGRIS data, 37 percent of
the 132,067 citations published in AGRINDEX
during 1978 represent U.S. input (48,989). This
compares quite favorably (90% coverage) with the
total number of U.S. citations made available on-
line in the AGRICOLA file during 1978.
We are pleased at the strides made to date in the
creation of the AGRIS data base, as well as the
progress in developing cooperative efforts. Although
some compatibility problems remain, especially in
the area of subject category and commodity codes,
differences are being reviewed and analyzed with a
view toward resolution by January 1980..
In the meantime, effective January 1979, the
cataloging and indexing records prepared by NAL
are being distributed in a MARC Communications
Format. To further reduce differences in input -
between AGRIS and NAL, these records carry the
AGRIS geographical codes, which will also protli
better subject access to geographic areas. In addi l .,:
AGRIS rules of descriptive bibliographic entry re .
being applied for indexing records. These chapgnA .
will be reflected in a new edition of the AGIC Y JU
ONLINE USERS GUIDE and Supplements.*
As we look toward the future, it is anticipated that'
other participating organizations will be able to
provide increasingly comprehensive and timely
coverage of information published in their respoetl t
countries. As this occurs, we will be able to benefit ".iJ:
from the use of externally created records in dis.
seminating agricultural information within the ,
United States. 1
The AGRICOLA Online Users Guide is expected
off the press July 23. Announcement of avail-
ability will be in a forthcoming issue of ALIN.
"Up Front With Computers. Special issue of
Journal of Extension May/June 1979. $2. Order
from 605 Extension Building, 432 North Lake
Street, Madison, Wisconsin 53706. "The theme
of this issue lends itself to several interpretations:
(I) we must be open and honest about how we
use the computer in Extension, (2) we have an
obligation to help our clientele learn how to
effectively use the computer as a management
tool, and (3) we need to set an example as
effective users of the computer as an analytical,
.. .. ... .. .. .... i [
CAPITOL HILL LEGISLATION
.... ....GENERAL AGRICULTURE
I: R. 438Z Agriculture Appropriations 1980. Makes appropriations for Agriculture, Rural Development
and Related Agencies Programs for Fiscal Year ending September 30, 1980. Reported in House,
tw 7, 1979 (H. Rept. 96-242); passed House, June 19, 1979; referred to Senate Appropriations Committee,
pe 21, 1979.
r I R. 20. National Aquaculture Act of 1979. Provides for the development of aquaculture in the United
S:Stes; reported in House, May 15, 1979 (H. Rept. 96-198. pi. I).
I & 985. To Amend the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act. Authorizing funds for Fiscal
Years 1980 and 1981. Reported in Senate, May 15, 1979 (S. Rept. 96-168); passed Senate, May 23, 1979
(H. Rept. 96-153); supplemental report filed, June 7, 1979 (H. Rept. 96-153, pt. II).
S 1064. Rural Housing Amendments of 1979. Amends and extends Title V of the Housing Act of 1949,
provides authorization for an additional $66.5 million to fund the Federal government rural housing grants
programs. Extends for one year various rural housing loan authorizations of the Farmers' Home Administration.
: u..; des provisions that would allow assistance for about 16.000 additional households under the rural home-
a Si ers assistance programs. Reported in Senate, May 15, 1979 (S. Rept. 96-157).
V 4f4i R. 358a Runal Development Policy Act of 1979. Provides for establishment and coordination of rural
*i1. dplopment policy, and extends for two years the authorization of appropriations for carrying out Title V
of ihe Rural Development Act of 1972. Authorizes and direct Federal departments and agencies with
o i: ams affecting rural development to assist the Secretary of Agriculture in carrying out his responsibilities
.id.: air this Act. Reported in House, June 8, 1979 (H. Rept. '96-259). Companion bill S670 reported in
|:f!:ite, May 6, 1979; passed Senate, June 14, 1979.
S ::. "Water Resources Planning Act of 1979. Amended to authorize appropriations for Fiscal Years
I1: W.8-1981; reported in Senate, May 15, 1979; (S Rept. 96-160).
FOOD AND NUTRITION
"p 41-36. Amends the Child Nutrition Act of 1966, by striking out "and for each of the fiscal
IWO ending September 30, 1979, and September 30, 1980" and inserting in lieu thereof "and for each
i ..Ie..l.dg fiscal year ending on or before September 30, 1982, also striking out "and the succeeding fiscal
ijtiWV. and inserting in lieu thereof "and for the three succeeding fiscal years" and to extend the authori-
O$I.1. of -.ap ropriations contained in Section VII of such act. Reported in House, June 1, 1979 (H.
t.. 7: Food Stamp Act Amendment of 1979. Amends section 18of the Food Stamp Act of 1977 by
..l:h figu0.re $6,158,900,000 and inserting in lieu thereof the figure of $6,808,900,000. Bill reported
.il pi.u.Jn. 1.. 1979 (H. Rept. 96-264).
S ..... ::.: (Continued on page 6)
(Continued from page 5)
H. R. 4303. To Amend the Food Stamp Act of 1977; eliminates certain restrictions on excess
shelter expense deductions with respect to households which are composed entirely of persons who are
age sixty or older, or who are recipients of benefits under Title XVI of the Social Security Act; allows
deductions for certain medical and dental expenses in the computation of incomes for such households;
reported in House, June 21, 1979 (H. Rept. 96-295); passed House, June 26, 1979. ......
H. R. 2727. Meat Import Act of 1979. Modifies the method of establishing quotas on the importation
of certain meat, to include within such quotas certain meat products. Reported in House, June 6, 1979 ........
(H. Rept. 96-238). .. ....i
______NEW SERIALS --I-- IKEBANA COLLECTION
RECEIVED AT NAL I I.
RECEIVE AT_ NIn memory of its founder, Ellen Gordon Allen, the
Washington, D.C. Chapter of Ilkebana International
recently presented to the National Agricultural
Animal Industry Today. Champaign, Ill., American Library, the Mary Cokely Wood Rare Book Collectieaeu
Registry of Certified Animal Scientists. Vol. I1- 1978- on Japanese classical flower arrangement. Ultimiately,
SF1.A58 this 53. book special collection, ranging in imprint
dates from 1684 to 1954, will be housed in NALI. I..
Beratungsservice: Tierproduktion. Wien, branch library at the National Arboretum. .:........
Bundesministerium fur Land- und Forstwirtschaft.
Folge 1,T. I 3, 1978- SF55.A9B4
Current Therapy. Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders. 1978-
Geomicrobiology Journal. New York, Crane, Russak.
Vol. 1 1978- QRI.G42
Handbooks of the Flora of Papua New Guinea.
Carlton, Vic. Melbourne University Press. Vol. I -
Nutrition in Health and Disease. New York, Raven
Press. Vol. 1 1979- RM216.N85
Nutritional Disorders. West Palm Beach, CRC Press,
Topics in Hormone Chemistry. Chichester, Eng.,
E. Horwood Ltd. Vol. 1 1978- QP571.T66
Toxic Substances Sourcebook. New York, Environ-
ment Information Center. Vol. 1 1978-
Mrs. Paul Godley, former President 1971-17l "
Dr. Richard A. Farley, Deputy Director,
Technical Information Systems, AMs. Laur .
Weir (daughter of Ellen Gordon Allen}, Dr.
Alan Fusonie, Historical and Preservaion. :::
Program Specialist at NAL, and Mrs. Hale I
Talor, current President.
NEW PUBLICATIONS <0T
A Century of Service. Raleigh, North Carolina
Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State
University. Feb. 1979. A "special" publication--
started as part of the NC SAES centennial celebration
in 1977. Free. Order from NCARS.
Federal Government Printing and Publishing: Policy
issues. Report of the Ad Hoc Advisory Committee on
Revision of Title 44 to the Joint Committee on
Printing, United States Congress, Washington, D.C.,
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979. 120 p.
(Committee Print]. Free. Request from the Joint
Food and Nutrition for the 1980's: Moving Ahead.
Washington, D.C., 20250, Office of the Secretary,
U.S. Department of Agriculture, April 1979. Free.
i Order from Office of the Secretary.
Comprehensive plan for implementing the National
Food and Human Nutrition Research and Education
and Information Programs.
ar Lat .Use Planning Report. weekly. Silver Spring, Md.,
Business Publications, Inc. Order from publisher,
:,Box 1067 (301) 587-6300. $125 per year.
An excellent source of information on pending and
completed Federal legislation.
llritnent Requirements of Swine, Eighth Rev.
i 1979 (Nutrient Requirements of Domestic
A.I'ineals Number 2). Subcommittee on Swine
NIutrition, Committee on Animal Nutrition, Board on
S',Agiculture and Renewable Resources; Commission
f, Natural Resources, National Research Council
5"i ilational Academy of Sciences, 1979; 61 pp.;
iIR 0-309-02870-1; $3.75).
||*|| iture and Frost-Related Soil Properties (7Tans-
PnaM on Research Record 675). Transportation
search Board; Commission on Sociotechnical
*1'.attemsi, National Research Council (Transportation
Board, 1978; 43 pp.; ISBN 0-309-02815-9;
*Symposium on Perspectives on Food Safery.
Annual Meeting, Food and Nutrition Board,
December 7, 1978. Food and Nutrition Board;
Division of Biological Sciences, Assembly of Life
Sciences, National Research Council (Food and
Nutrition Board, q979; 42 pp.; available from the
The METLAND Landscape Planning Process:
Composite Landscape Assessment, Alternative Plan
Formulation and Plan Evalmation; Part 3 of the
Metropolitan Landscape Planning Model. Julius
Gy. Fabos, Christopher M. Greene, and Spencer A.
Joyner, Jr. Water Resources Research Center,
Agricultural Experiment Station, University of
Massachusetts at Amherst. Sept. 1978. Research
Bulletin No. 653. Free. Order from WRRC.
Summary of 7 years' work by a team of 40 people.
A comprehensive approach to regional land use
planning. Designed to show the potential cause-
effect relationships of alternative land uses on various
landscape, ecological and public service resources or
primer concern in landscape planning.
*Documents marked with an asterisk (*) are avail-
able from the Office of Publications. National
Academy of Sciences, 201 Constitution A venue
N. W. Washington, D.C. 20418.
+Documents are available from other sources as noted.
For documents shown as available from a specific unit
of the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy
of Engineering, Institute of Medicine, or National
Research Council, write to the listed unit at 2101
Constitution Avenue N. W., Washington, D.C 20418.
For Transportation Research Board documents
unless otherwise noted, write to the Transportation
Research Board, National Research Council, 2101
Constitution Avenue N. W., Washington, D.C. 20418.
The titles listed below are owned by the Library; those lacking call numbers have not yet been cataloged.
The foreign, as well as domestic titles are available from the Library through loan or photocopy.
An Annotated Bibliography on Vibratory Soil
Dynamics: (1969-1979). James G. Hendrich.
Auburn, AL, Science and Education Administration,
USDA. 1979. 16 p. 199 citations. Free. Order
from issuing agency.
Bibliographyt on the Economics of Fruit and Vegetable
Production and Marketing (1965-1976). Joan,
Pearrow. Washington, D.C., Economics, Statistics
and Cooperatives Service, USDA. 1979. 112 p.
1,475 citations. (ESCS-50). Free. Order from
Current Bibliography of Agriculture in China.
Wageningen, Netherlands, Center for Agricultural
Publishing and Documentation (PUDOC). Vol. 1,
1979. ISSN 0165-1730. Order from Center. P.O.
Box 4, 6700 AA. $17.50 for remaining issues of
Volume 1, published 1979.
Clearance has been granted to USDA authors to
compile the following bibliographies:
Fire Effects Bibliography. Craig E. Chandler.
For information contact: U.S. Forest Service,
Forest Fire and Atmospheric Sciences Research.
Room 606, Rosslyn Plaza, E-Building, Washington,
D.C. 20013. (Telephone: 202-235-8195).
A Guide to the Literature on Aspergillosis as Caused
on Aspergillus Fumigatus. P. B. Marsh. For
information contact: Compiler, USDA, Agri-
cultural Research Northeastern Region, Biological
Waste Management and Organic Resources Laboratory,
Agricultural Environmental Quality Institute,
Beltsville, Md. 20705 (Telephone: FTS 344-3163).
Impact of Backcountry Recreationists on Wildlife.
Catherine H. Ream. For information contact:
Compiler, U.S. Forest Service, Intermountain
Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest
Sciences Laboratory, Drawer G. Missoula,
Montana 59806 (Telephone: FTS 585-3533).
Surface Environment and Mining Program
Bibliography. Edwand R. Browning. For infor-
mation contact. Compiler, U.S. Forest Service,
Surface Environment and Mining, 145 Grand Avenue,
Billings, Montana 59101. (Telephone: FTS 585-6468).
QUICK BIBLIOGRAPHY SERIES
The bibliographies in this series are primarily computerized
online or batch bibliographies emanating from searches perferaia
by the TIS Reference Staff in response to customer requests.
Searches are selected for inclusion based on the currency of the :
topic, interest among clientele, relative length approximately
150 citations or more) and probable value to a larger audience:.:
All titles in this series will be listed for four months. Retisog.ii
or updates will be renumbered and reannounced. .Only on s.Q
of a title will be sent; however, requestors may make copies J
request a copy of a Quick Bibliography send the title, series "
number, and a. return addressed label to:
Technical Information Systems. SEA. USDA
National Agricultural Library Building ....
Belfsville, MD 20705
NAL -- BIBL -- 79-05. Mulches, 1969-Noabve
303 citations from AGRICOLA. Search by Rltu
NAL -- BIBL -- 79-06. Consumerssuaes, Phrl oat
and A uwreness, 1969-No ember 1978 217 citti.t*1
from AGRICOLA. Search by David Hoyt. Ma4 4.
NAL -- BIBL -- 79-07. Water bHaltiunfi t
Agricultural Lands. 1969-November 197. 227'
citations from AGRICOL4. Search by Dsvl ~ l.
Hoyt. March 1979.
i fantinued from page 8R I
NAL-- BIBL -- 79.08. Aquatic Weeds, 1974 -
September 1978. 366 citations from AGRICOLA.
Search by Jayne MacLean and Charles N. Bebee.
,, March 1979.
-jl'MAL -- BIBL. -- 79-09. Contagious Equine
Metritis, 1972-1978. 37 citations from AGRICOLA.
Search by 1. Jesse Ostroff. April 1979.
N PAL--- BIBL" -- 79-10. Herb Gardening, 1970-
:197& 112 citations from AGRICOLA. Search by
IJayne MacLean and Ann Juneau. April 1979.
NAL-- BIBL -- 79.11. Floras of Asia, 1969-1978.
182 citations from AGRICOLA. Search by Ann
L Juneau. April 1979.
L NAL -- BIBL. -- 79-12. Water Resource Allocation,
1968-1978. 296 citations from AGRICOLA. Search
by Jayne MacLean. April 1979.
NAL -- BIBL -- 79-13. Beekeeping and Apiculture,
Monographs and Bibliographies, 1970-1978. 114
citations from AGRICOLA. Search by David Hoyt.
NAL--BIBL.--79-14. Careers in Agriculture, 1970-
November 1978. 130 citations from AGRICOLA.
Search by David Hoyt. April 1979.
NAL--BIBL.--79-15. Ginseng, 1969-Notember 1978.
1 25 citations from AGRICOLA. Search by Jerry
Rafals. May 1979.
NAL--BIBL.--79-18. Earthworms, Beneficial
Effects, 1970-1978. 179 citations from AGRICOLA.
Search by Charles N. Bebee. May 1979.
NAL--BIBL.--79-19. Jojoba, 1971-1978. 73
citations from AGRICOLA. Search by Henry
Gilbert. May 1979.
Rural Development Bibliography and Synthesis Paper Series
Twenty valuable books bringing together hundreds of source materials.
A bibliography and synthesis paper published in each of 10 areas.
Southern Rural Development Center
Mississippi State, MS 39762
Solid Waste Disposal
Governmental Transfer Payments
Land Use Issues *
Health Care US
Educational Needs Projection *
PtalSCe send entire Bibliography Series
-g.5 'Enclosed Bill Me
.___Please send entire Synthesis Series
$7 Enclosed -Bill Me
City Stale Zip
:: Check Desired
Si;hoghaphy to be printed
?ie~tsits paper to be printed
REPRODUCED WITH PERMISSION OF THE AUTHOR AND CURRENT CONTENTS:
AGRICULTURE. BIOLOGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
This Week's Citation Classic cc ""."
Glick B, Chnmng T S & lump R G. The bursa of Fabrucius and antibody produc-
| tion. Poultry Sci. 35:224-5. 1955.
[Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station, Columbus. OH)
Removal of the bursa of Fabricius during its
rapid growth period abrogated the ability of
89% of the birds to produce antibody to
Salmonella typhimurium. Therefore, this
paper suggests that the bursa, a lymphoepi-
thelial structure, plays a role in the regula-
tion of hu-noral immunity. [The SCIO in-
dicates that this paper has been cited over
305 times since 1961.]
Poultry Science Department
Mississippi Agricultural &
Forestry Experiment Station
Mississippi State Universily
Mississippi State. MS 39762
March 8,. 1978
The selection of our bursa paper as a
Citalion Classic is an honor not onl, to the
authors of this paper but also to the Land
Grant System that made the research.possi-
"I entered the doctorate program at Ohio
State University because Dr R George
Jaap, Poultry Science Geneticist. was willing
to take a chance on a naive student One
cold evening in September. 1952. I observed
Dr laap remove from a goose an obscure
gland which he identified as the bursa My
query, "What is its functions' was answered,
'Good question, you find the answer' In
December. 1952, I initiated experiments
which (among other things) demonstrated
that the chicken's bursa grew most rapidly
during the first three weeks after hatching
This observation convinced me that func.
tional studies with the bursa would only be
successful if the bursa were removed
(bursectomy. BSX) within its rapid growth
period While the initial BSX experiments
were interesting, they did not yield a
dramatic role for the bursa. In the summer
of 1954, 1S Chang, a fellow graduate stu-
'dent. needed birds for the purpose of
developing antibody against Salmo
The only birds available were mine. I
ejected several and to his surprise they
to produce antibody The wing band
bears revealed that I had bursectot
these birds Obviously we were quite ex
even though we did not recognize thi
significance of our observation. We co
ated on several experiments which led
paper in question The paper was rel
by Science with the suggestion that
other elucidation of the mechanism...s
be attempted before publication'
over twenty years later, we are just I
ning to understand the mechanism "
"After leaving Ohio State Univers
1955. I joined the Poultry Science Di
ment at Mississippi State University
continued my studies of the bursa Thi
sa has led my research into the special
endocrinology, neurophysiology, gen
anatomy, and immunology We have
many significant observations which
not a part of the original research For
pie. in an experiment designed to defin
immunological system I observed that
dysgammaglobulinemic chickens fail
mate if previously treated as embryos
testosterone propionate. The flexibili
the administration and administrators
the freedom from 'time and schedule
mats allowed us to further investigate
phenomenon which led to the concept
critical period in the development o
chiclten's hypothalamus The incr
pressure on the researcher to abid
forms, schedules and other regular
could very well reduce the opportunity
chance discoveries such as the 'bursa'
'critical period I look to the university
supply the leadership which will encou
new and established researchers to ft
their chance observations which lead t
progress of tomorrow."
I. Glick B. The reproductive performance of birds hatched from eggs dipped in male hormone sol.
Poiulry Sri 40 1408. 1%61.
2. Wlson I A Glkck Onlogeny of maling behavior in Ihe chicken. Amer. I. Phsiol. 218:951-S. I
3. Cmwoird W C A GIIck B. The function of the preoplic. mammilaris laleralis and ruber nuclei in, I
and sexually maclive male chickens. Phyrdu Behav 15:171-5, 1975.
o for- :
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Technical Information Systems reviews titles before translations are made in order to avoid duplication within USDA. We
Sa::iso receive copies on deposit often far in advance of their listings in the standard bibliographic tools. This column is an
alert to selected new receipts at TIS. These items are available to USDA personnel upon presentation of a loan request
(AD-45) with the identification: TRANS. No. _along with the citation. Non-USDA persons may request
pi hototduplication at the rate of $2 for each 10 pages or fraction thereof per citation. TRANS. No. MUST be
anI the request. Both types of requests should be sent to:
Lending Division, Technical Information Systems
. .... National Agricultural Library Building
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Beltsville, Maryland 20705
iTU Technical Translation Number will also be cited for those translations prepared for the U.S. Department of Agriculture
and the National Science Foundation under the P.L 480 program. Copies of these translations may also be ordered from
the National Translation Center, John Crerar Library, 35 West 33rd Street, Chicago. IL 60616.
BAUER, K. et a]. Investigations on the Epidemiologi-
cal Significance of Animals Permanently Shedding
the Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus. Translated
from German: Berl. Munch. Tierarztl. Itochenschr.
V. 90 (l): 1-5. TRANS. No. 24375. TT 79-58029.
BURTSEV, V. 1., I. M. Bondarenko, el al. About the
Interaction of Vaccines in the Simultaneous
Immunization of Swines. Translated from Russian:
Veterinariya. 1:51-54. 1977. TRANS. No. 24352.
GONCHARUK, E. 1. et al. Use of a "Plant-Soil"
Model for Standardization of Chemical Substances
in the Soil. Translated from Russian: Gigiena i
Sanitafi. 2:73-78. 1977. TRANS. No. 24250.
KOVRIXOV, 1. T. Basic Form of Rotary Hoe Tines
and Parameters of Working Tools for Surface
ii Tillage Soils. Translated from Russian: Trzktory i
Seifkhozmashiny. 7:22-24. 1978. TRANS.
SAVOILLE, B, et al. Study of the Amino Acid
Composition of the Goat Milk. Translated from
French: Ann. Fals. Exp. Chim. 69: (742) 535-543.
P 197.6 TRANS. No. 24337. TT 78-59334.
RAKHMANIN, P. P. et al. Dynamics of Formation
of Immunity in Sheep, Inoculated With Different
Doses of Anti-Foot and Mouth Disease Vaccine
From Lapinized Virus. Translated from Russian.
Veterinariya. 1: 49-51. 1977. TRANS. No.
24451. TT 78-59202/6a.
RAKHMANIN, P. P. Specific Prophylaxis Against
Foot and Mouth Disease. Translated from Russian:
V'etrrinariya. 5: 59-61. 1976. TRANS. No.
SZENDRO, Z. A New Method for Evaluating
Mother Rabbit's Milk Producing Capability.
Translated from Hungarian: Baromfitenyeszies
esFeldolgozas. 24: (1): 25-28. 1977. TRANS.
No. 24407. TT 78-59404.
VINOKUROV, V. N. Influence of Wear of Plowshares
on Draft Resistance. Translated from Russian:
Traktory i Sel'khozmashiny. 5:18-21. 1978.
TRANS. No. 24164.
VYALKOVA, P. F. Digging Out Nursery Trees With
A Vibrating Digger. Translated from Russian:
Lesnoe Khozyaistvn. 1:69-71, 1977. TRANS.
* .:** :,ii.: : .. *
UPJIVERS~ OF FLORIDA
1262 08138 7358a
October 2-4: GRAIN DUST-ITS CHARACTEk-
ISTICS, EXPLOSIBILITY, HAZARD CONTROL,
AND UTILIZATION-WHERE WE ARE AND WHERE
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Byron S. Miller, U.S. Grain Marketing Research
Laboratory, 1515 College Ave., Manhattan, Kansas
66502 (913) 539-9141.
October 3-5: FIFTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE
ON VER Y LARGE DA TA BASES. Rio de Janeiro.
Contact: Mr. R. J. Libero, IBM do Brasil, Caixa Postal,
1830-ZC-00, Rio de Janeiro-RJ-20.000, Brasil; or
Professor Stinley Y.W. SU, Dept. of Computer and
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October 14-18: SOCIETY OF AMERICAN
FORESTERS 1979 CONVENTION. Boston, Mass.
gen. Inf.: E. F. Robie, SAF, 5400 Grosvenor Lane,
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October 15-17: FORESTRY RESOURCES AND
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Sponsor: Intersciencia Association, National Council
of Scientific and Tichnological Research of Costa Rica,
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coordinators, Gerardo Budowski of CATIE, Turrialba,
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October 22-26: NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL
SCIENCE INFORM TION CONFERENCE. Iowa
State University, Ames, Iowa. ESCOP-approved.
Theme: "Popular'Reporting of Agricultural Science:
Strategies for Improvement." Open to scientists,
research administrators, science communicators from
USDA and extension and experiment station, and
others interested in communication of science infor-
mation. Contact: Dr. Mason E. Miller, Communica-
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Room 415-W, Washington, D.C. 20250 (telephone:
November 1979: INTERNATIONAL sm
THE STERILE INSECT TECHNIQVRA
OF RADIATION IN GENETICINS jff0
Contact: John H. Kane, DOE, MS AS
ton, D.C. 20545 (COMM 301-353-3370)
Nov. 15-16: NATIONAL CONFERENCES
CONSER VA TION POLICIES. Washingto,
Contact: Soil Conservation Society of At
Northeast Ankeny Road, Ankeny, 10M1a
November 25-29: ENFOMOLOGICAL*
AMERICA. ANNUAL MEETINa e- tj
Gen. Inf.: W. P. Murdoch, ESA, 4603 CW.
College Park, MD 20740.
November 26-28: AGRICULTURAL'T
TION CONFERENCE Washington, D E:C
held at the same hotel and concurrently.:
annual meeting of the National Associau
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Contact: Wallace C. Olsen, Library Serv
NAL/TIS/SEA/USDA, Beltsyvlle, Md. 1ft
(301) 344-3834. :.:.
March 3-7: VIth Intermntionid ANAw
cultural Libwrin and DmIwmmWagta l
Manila, Philippines. Contact: 14National
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Library, University .f0tMt | aSi
College, Laguna 37'T -b*phans
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