H ME LIBRARY LIBRARIES
OCT 0 1980 INFORMATION
._ ._C.___ f lE NOTES
GROUP PROFILING FOR UNDERGRADUATE AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING STUDENTS
Charles Gilreath and Julia Rholes
Texas A & M University Library
Since its introduction in academic libraries in the early to midseventies, online
literature searching has been widely adopted by faculty and and graduate students
in scientific and technological fields. Use of this technology has become nearly
standard practice for faculty research in some institutions and many instructors
are routinely introducing their graduate students to the online searching
process. Use of computer search services by undergraduate students has, however,
been much slower to develop. Why this has been the case has yet to be
documented, but among the reasons is very likely a feeling among some faculty
members that undergraduate papers do not require a familiarity with literature
thorough enough for students to need computer searches. Consequently, they do
not introduce their undergraduate students to this library service, even if they
do spend course time in orientation in other aspects of library research.
A number of institutions have developed programs in recent years to encourage
undergraduate e use of computer reference services, including a variety of library
subsidies frt student searches. In other instances, faculty members themselves
have incorporated online literature searching into their courses and have
budgeted teaching funds for student use of the systems. One notable example of
this latter type program can be found in Texas A & M's Agricultural Engineering
Depart n t.
Nctuow of the Course
Il an: effort to expose their students to "real world" problems, faculty members
in the Aigricu.ltural Engineering Department at Texas A & M have developed the
stei..r .: ie 1i, design course to include a practicing engineer as a visiting mentor.
. EaEh .:i f;:t that the course is offered, the instructor invites a professional
: enin 'wIth broad experience in the field to work with the class, both in
S provi.ig e'Stign problems for students to work on as term projects and in
: l ev.ifg is-tudent presentations of their solutions. The problems have covered
&hf.wXi tt mie4g.l.f professional agricultural engineering practice, from
d;esi.' :n ;1o r.ove-d system for automatic sorting and grading of tomatoes to
faiv.e~pMthubc niques for planting presprouted seed in gel suspensions.
" pi4).@.1 4..isiting engineer comes to the campus twice during the semester.
ii' N- iAiih.gcorse he comes to discuss problems with students and to give them
.. (PROFILING, Continued on page 2)
S- INFORMATION SYSTEMS VOL 6, NO. 8 AUGUST 1980
EDUCATION ADMINISTRATION BELTSVILLE, MARYLAND 20705
(PROFILING, Continued from page 1)
additional insights about design
constraints; later he comes to listen
to and critique formal presentations
of the students' solutions to the
Students in the course are divided
into teams of between four and six
persons, with one designated by the
instructor as a team leader.
Deadlines for interim reports are
established early in the course so
that the instructor can monitor the
progress of each group. One of the
earliest reports is that on the review
of literature. Since the 1976-77
academic year, computerized literature
searching has been an important part
of this aspect of the course. Faculty
members in the department have worked
closely with search analysts in the
University Library in developing this
portion of the syllabus.
The program that has evolved consists
of a preliminary introduction to the
computer searching process by the
faculty member followed on another
class day by a series of sessions in
the library with search analysts.
The classroom presentation by the
instructor provides the students an
overview of what is required for a
successful search of the literature by
machine and gets them thinking about
keywords and keyword combinations for
their design problems. Each group is
specifically charged at this time with
working out a preliminary list of
terms for the search profile and, if
possible, to find one or two
references that might be useful to the
After the introductory presentation,
the groups are then scheduled at hour
intervals throughout another class day
to meet in the library with the
instructor and a search analyst.
During these one-hour sessions the
search analyst explains in more detail
the search process, discusses the
contents of databases which might be
relevant to the topic, develops a
search profile, and conducts the search
for the group. Although this schedule
makes a very full day for the search
analyst, this concentrated approach has
proved effective for the class in that
all groups go through the search pro-'
cess at approximately the same time and,.
are all well into their assessment of
the literature early in the semester,
with adequate time to track down source
Library Experience with the Program
Search analysts found it helpful to
obtain a copy of the problem prior t.
the session so that some background world
on the topic could be done. Once the.:
list of keywords has been finally
compiled, the analyst was able to selne,
the appropriate databases for the
problem. AGRICOLA was used in nearly
all searches. Other databases used,
depending on the topic, were Compendex.
National Technical Information Service
(NTIS), and Food Science and Technology
Abstracts. The topic assigned to one
group of students, for example, required
them to design a machine to package
shrimp; another group had to design .a
fertilizer monitoring system, and
another group had to design an incinerul
tor to utilize cotton gin trash as fue1.
Although we typically used more than eot|
database, our experience indicated
AGRICOLA alone could be used in many
cases, particularly where cost is an ..,
important factor. AGRICOLA's coverages
most of the agricultural engineering,. A
literature is better than that of the. |
other databases. An exception was .
searches dealing with the food scimef gn
Here, Food Science and Technology :::
Abstracts was quite helpful for problt
in this area.
One factor to consider in selecting .
databases aside from cost is recall ..|
was not our objective in this exerc.-i's
to obtain all the relevant citations:40
(PROFILING, Continued on page
(PROFILING, Continued from page 2)
a topic. If that had been our goal, we
would have searched many more data-
bases than we typically did. The
purpose of our project was twofold.
First, we wanted the students to become
aware of the computer and its uses and
at least to begin to learn how to use
the computer for searching the
scientific and technical literature.
We also wanted to provide the students
with enough material to begin to solve
the problems that they had been
assigned. This latter goal, however,
was sometimes difficult to meet; since
these projects were actual industry
problems, there was often little
literature which was directly relevant.
Consequently, it was frequently
necessary to broaden the original
search strategy and deal with the topic
area in a more general way. For
instance, in a search dealing with the
uses of grain dust we were forced to
broaden the search to include the
commercial uses of dust in general.
Nevertheless, even using broad search
strategies such as this, our success in
finding relevant articles varied
considerably from problem to problem.
The average cost per search for the 33
searches we performed was $23.26. The
average number of offline prints was
81. The cost per search includes both
the online connect time and the offline
print charges. The average cost for
online connect time was $17.80, while
for the offline prints, the average
cost was $4.84. To reduce expenses, we
printed most citations offline. The
average cost per search would have been
considerably higher if we had chosen to
print relevant references online. Had
funds been more limited for this
project, we could have reduced costs
even more by limiting each search to
one database. The cost of a search
depends in large part on a library's
fee schedule. While Texas A & M
University does not charge the users
for the search analyst's time, we do
pass the entire online computer connect
time cost onto the user. Our library
must also charge users an additional
telecommunication fee because neither
local TELENET nor TYMNET telephone
numbers are available in College
Station. Some libraries, however,
have funds which enable them to absorb
part of the online expense.
The reactions from the faculty and
students involved in this project have
been enthusiastic. We routinely give
short evaluation questionnaires to all
users of our services. Since response
on these forms is voluntary, it is
impossible to report completely
accurate reaction to our project. From
students who have returned these forms,
we have found that about one fourth to
one half of all of the references
retrieved seemed to be relevant.
Students have typically indicated that
these citations were useful because
they supplied general background
information on the problem. It is
rewarding to note that several students
commented that the search had given
them a very good start on their
projects, which was our goal. Many
students also commented that they felt
the service saved them from a few days
to as much as a few weeks of research
time. Among the reasons checked or the
comments added concerning nonuseful
material were that the items were not
in English, were too general or were
not available in the library. It
should be noted that the students were
not asked whether their response to the
service would have been different if
they had paid for their searches.
The response of the agricultural
engineering facul-ty members associated
with this project has been very
positive. One professor commented that
since the introduction of computer
searches as part of the program, the
students have gotten a faster start on
their projects. The same instructor
also added that the results did tend to
vary depending on the problems, and
that some students had to search the
(PROFILING, Continued on page 4)
FIRST GLOBAL CONFERENCE ON THE
by Jerry Rafats
'Thinking Globally, Acting Locally"
was the theme of this conference held
July 20-24, 1980, in Toronto and
sponsored by the World Future Society
and the Canadian Association for Future
Studies. Approximately 40 countries
were represented, including delegates
from the USSR and China.
Although several government agencies
are employing futures analysis techni-
ques for long-term planning, the U.S.
Dept. of Agriculture is the only govern-
ment agency where the library is
directly involved in lending support
to this mission.
The program was divided into three
groupings (streams): (1) Our relation-
ships with our "selves" and each other
(the human perspective); (2) our re-
lationships with the world around us
the global perspective); and (3) our
relationships with the environment and
its resources (the managerial
There were 21 separate topics
(tracks) that one could follow. Among
them were: World Food: Will There be
Enough?; Health and Medicine; Energy;
Population; Work and Careers; and Social
and Institutional Change: Hope or
Individual sessions within the tracks
addressed such diverse topics as:
Alternative Futures for Women, The
Essence of the Food Problem, Farming
Systems of the Future, Cybernetic
Medicine, Space Industrialization, Acid
Rain, Multinational Garbage Dumping,
Futurism as a Management Tool, The
Tesia Vision Realized, The Future of
Future Studies, Inventing Your Own Job,
Our Future Contact with Extraterrestial
Beings, Access to Information in the
21st Century and The Benefits of Chaos.
The track I followed was: World Food:
Will There be Enough? Most of the
speakers from the political left to the
political right agreed that food
production is not a problem. The
world, on the land that is now being
cultivated, could support more than
twice the current population. The food
problem is a social and political one.
Other interesting comments on the World
Food track were: (a) food aid often has
depressed agricultural production in
lesser developed countries; (b)
one-third of the food in the USSR is
grown on less than one percent of the
arable land on private plots; (c)
social institutions may not permit the
introduction of new technologies which
would increase the food supply; (d)
more than 50 percent of the world will
be living in cities by the year 2000;
(f) 1980 is the first time in history
that there is a negative fertility
ration, 1.8%; (g) 12% of the irrigated
land produces 50 percent of the food, anu:
(h) 80 percent of the population will be
in Third World countries 20 years frmnom
(PROFILING, Continued from page 3)
older literature not covered by
computerized services. However, this
professor felt it was a great advantage
for all the students to be exposed as
undergraduates to computerized
searches. The strongest indication of
continued faculty support is that
these computer sessions have been made
a standard feature of the senior Agri-
cultural Engineering design course.
The modest cost per class of less than
$200 suggests that other faculty might
find this an affordable and effective
way to introduce their students to an
information technology which will most.
certainly grow in importance.
Editor's Note. An article on Sub-
sidized Quick Computer Search Service
to Students by Ken Frazier, Steenboek
Library, University of Wisconsin,
Madison, is scheduled for the Sept beulht
issue. We are sorry that it has not
been possible to run these articles in::
the same issue.
by John Forbes
Library Operations Division
The following report summarizes some
of the more important changes which
have occurred in AGRICOLA since
THE AGRICOLA TAPE
The transition in 1979 and 1980 from
CAIN to MARC/SAMANTHA, and the large
numbers of bibliographic citations
involved (157,000 records in 1979), has
been a chaotic period with respect to
the issuance of AGRICOLA sales tapes.
Attempts to implement changes in the
subject categories, document source
codes, and the introduction of new
subfiles containing large amounts of
data from sources other than Technical
Information Systems (TIS) have also
created a potential for confusion and
delay in the subsequent mounting of the
tapes for online service. Most of the
problems have been straightened out and
future issuances should be more pre-
dictable, though other changes will be
introduced from time to time.
In spite of these obstacles staff have
been pleased to note that our tapes
have been getting used and online.
Particular thanks are due to Lockheed
Information Systems for its performance
in mounting the AGRICOLA tapes. They
were also the first online service to
make public the 1979 MARC records. As
of the second week in June, DIALOG had
available online every record sent to
it by TIS, including the 30,000 records
from the December 1979 supplemental
tape which was not issued until well
into 1980. Some problems in the data
and some remaining problems in the
mounting and searching still exist. A
systematic resolution is in progress.
Problems of this type tend to be more
highly and permanently visible than
those resulting from delays in the
schedule and other causes.
Effective July 1980, the National Techni-
cal Information Service (NTIS), of the
U.S. Department of Commerce, became the
sole distributor of the AGRICOLA data-
base tapes. If you wish to receive the
tapes, contact Mr. David Grooms,
National Technical Information Service,
U.S. Department of Commerce, 5285 Port
Royal Road, Springfield, Va., 22161,
U.S.A., telephone: (703) 577-4808. The
price will be $840.00 for a year's sub-
scription, payable in advance.
Technical assistance in utilizing the
tapes will also be provided by NTIS.
ENERGY AND AGRICULTURE
Energy may come from the sun or the
earth or be the product of plant
materials or agricultural wastes. What-
ever its source, energy is indispensable-
to our way of life, beginning with the
production, processing, and distribution
of abundant, high quality food and fiber
During the last several months TIS has
been working with the Department of Agri-
cultural Engineering, Michigan State
University (MSU), in order to incorpor-
ate into AGRICOLA their Energy for Agri-
culture bibliography, a computerized
(AGRICOLA, Continued on page 6)
(AGRICOLA, Continued from page 5)
information retrieval system con-
sisting of a base of 2,613 citations.
Many citations contain abstracts to
the literature on agricultural energy.
The file covers conservation and use
of energy by food and fiber sectors,
and also the creation of energy by or
for the agricultural conuwnity. That
file is now up online having been
issued with the April/May 1980 sale
To facilitate the inclusion of this
file with a minimum of editorial work
all citations including monographs,
were entered in the journal article
Since this format requires the
presence of a "containing item
record' all these documents are
referenced by an abbreviation
indicating MSU origin of the
citation. Information about the
sources document, including the NAL
call number, when available, is
located in the notes field (500).
Users requesting the loan of source
documents should use the NAL call
number from that field whenever
Current material is also being
added to this file, by arrangement
with MSU, at the rate of about 609
items a year. TIS is making arrange-
ments to obtain microfiche where
possible of items held by MSU but not
in NAL, to provide prompter service to
its users. The file is also being
expanded to include all material
relating to agriculture and energy,
whether from Michigan State University
or the National Agricultural Library.
Inquiries about this subfile should
be directed to John Forbes,
LOD/TIS/SEA/ USDA, Room 111, NAL Bldg.,
Beltsville, Md. 20703 (301-344-3834).
4-H PUBLICATIONS SUBFILE
by Linda White
Information Systems Division
Through cooperative efforts between
USDA/SEA Extension Service offices and
Technical Information Systems (TIS),
bibliographic records describing 4-H
publications are being added as a subfill
to the AGRICOLA data base. In mid May
1980 a training session was held at the
4-H Center and the National Agricultural.
Library Building, to teach Extension
staff from the North Central region how
to complete coding forms describing theli
4-H publications. These coding forms,
and one copy each of publications, are
then submitted to TIS for additional
cataloging and input, and the records .ar
added to the AGRICOLA data base.
Publications are being sent from 12 state
offices in the North Central region
(Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas,
Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska,
North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and
Wisconsin), by the national SEA-ExtensiUi
office, and by the National 4-H Council.
As of the end of July, over 400 publica-:
tions have been submitted.
Information included on the bibliographi
record are: authorss; title; year of
publication; complete mailing address fC
source of publication; paging and illus-
trations; keywords; a short abstract;
whether the publication is a leader or .
member publication, and if a member pubS|
cation, if a leader's guide is available
special audiences for which the publie*ji
tion is intended; whether the publicatji
is part of an educational sequence; am.
the school level for which the publicatli
Input at present describes 4-H doenumwnt
from the North Central states, but in ti
fall of 1980 another Extension subfile .'
documenting other Extension publicatioi:
from the North Central region will be
(AGRICOLA, Continued on page 7I
(AGRICOLA, Continued from page 6)
added following a similar format. Other
states and regions are expected to
contribute their citations for their
publications in the near future.
Questions about this project can be
directed to Jerry Paulsen, ISD/TIS/
SEA/USDA, NAL Bldg., 5th floor,
Beltsville, MD 20705 (301-344-3752).
SUBJECT CATEGORY CODES
Technical Information Systems (TIS) has
adopted a new set of subject category
codes designed to provide maximum
compatibility with the new set of codes
adopted in July 1979 by the Food and
Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations (FAO) for AGRIS (International
System for the Agricultural Sciences
and Technology). It was implemented
with the January 1980 sale tape. A
summary of the codes and the subject
coverage corresponding with them is
available as Supplemental Insert #3 to
the AGRICOLA User's Guide. A full set
of the revised categories with scope
notes is also available.
In order to provide machine converti-
bility to AGRIS (to which we are a
contributor), some of the material
formerly appearing in the forestry and
entomology category numbers has been
moved to plant science and animal
science, when it deals with botanical
or zoological aspects of those fields.
Material thus shifted is now tagged
with secondary categories entitled
"forestry related" or entomology
relatedU in order to preserve its
identity in AGRICOLA. A section on
aquatic sciences and fisheries has
: been added. Energy (under Natural
IResources) and rural sociology have
been further subdivided, in order to
reflect increased interest or changed
'iqphasis in these fields. Broad
iwmaodity-group subdivisions have
bipen introduced to the food sections.
A section on protozoal diseases of
ialmals has been added. The auxiliary
eon-agricultural) categories, formerly
:i cb a major category, are now
subcategories within category X. The
limit on the number of different
categories to which a single bibli-
ographic citation can be assigned has
Those wishing to work back and forth
between the earlier categories and the
new ones, as for example when devising
search strategy, should study both
schemes and the detailed scope notes
carefully. There is not a one-for-one
correspondence between many of the old
and the new categories, so automatic
conversion based on a conversion table
will not work throughout.
DOCUMENT SOURCE CODES
Document source codes in AGRICOLA were
redesigned as of January 1980 with an
expansion of field 069 from a single
digit to a variable length field with
single-digit subfield "a" and repeatable
subfields "b" and "c.n Subfield "a" has
been redefined to refer to publisher only
(where before it referred to author or
sponsor as well, if USDA or state experi-
ment stations or extension services were
involved in any way) as follows:
1: Published by USDA
2: Published by a state agricultural
3. Published by an agricultural extension
4: Published by the Food and Agricul-
ture Organization of the United
5: Translations of articles (held by
6: All other U.S. imprints
7: Foreign imprints.
When subfield "a" is checked 2 or 3, a
subfield "c" will be added containing the
two-character U.S. Post Office abbrevi-
ation of the state. Otherwise subfields
are added only when USDA publication,
authorship, or sponsorship is involved.
Subfield "b" gives a tag number (e.g.
100, 110, 536, 700 etc.) indicating the
type of USDA author (e.g. personal
author, corporate author, sponsorship,
multiple personal authors), and subfield
"c" contains the name of the USDA agency
(AGRICOLA, Continued on page 9)
WESTERN FORESTRY INFORMATION IETMWDRK
(WESTFORNET)* CITATION DATABASE
CONVERTS TO RLIN
In November 1979 WESTFORNET-CENTRAL,
which produces and manages the network's
database, shifted the production of the
database from FAMULUS (a batch mode
system) to the online Research Libraries
Information Network system. This
permitted WESTFORNET to adopt the MARC
format and the ASCII character set for
its citations. The citation profile
was constructed to parallel that of the
National Agricultural Library, permit-
ting easy loading of WESTFORNET entries
into AGRICOLA at a future date.
The variety of bibliographic products
needed to serve WESTFORNET's diverse
users made in-house manipulation of its
database an important consideration.
RLIN tapes are run through a conversion
program at WESTFORNET-CENTRAL which
produces FAMULUS-150 tapes. This
version of FAMULUS was written
specifically to simulate MARC formats.
FAMULUS tapes are then manipulated as
before to produce the four geographic
editions of the Monthly Alert the
cumulative union catalog, subject
bibliographies on demand, and special
outputs needed by Forest Service
Experiment Station publications units.
To accomplish the latter, fields for
editorial material and formats were
included in the design of WESTFORNET's
MARC profile. Since June 1980, all
WESTFORNET outputs are produced on a
high speed printing unit.
This RLIN/FAMULUS system enabled
WESTFORNET to avoid closing its catalog
when it abandoned FAMULUS as the input
system. The RLIN-produced citations in
FAMULUS-15 format will interfile with
those in the database produced originally
on FAMULUS. Only documents cataloged
since November 1979 will be in the RLIN
system since no retrospective conversion
*See Cook, Ellen Newmnan, "WESTFORNET,
Western Forest Information Network."
In Agricultural Libraries Information
Notes 4 (6) 1-2. June 1978.
of FAMULUS-input tapes to RLIN has been
made. But WESTFORNET- CENTRAL has the full
database on FAMULUS 150, and it is from th,
that user artifacts are made: dictionary
catalogs in hardcopy and microfiche,
literature searches, Monthly AZert master
copies, and special tools for WESTFORNET
The conversion, made after a full- scale
systems study, was managed by Vincent
Aitro, WESTFORNET-BERKELEY's Supervisory
Librarian, Pacific Southwest Forest & Raitg
Experiment Station Library, P.O. Box 245..
Berkeley, CA 94701.L&.
(AGRICOLA, Continued from page 7)
or office of that author in abbreviated I
form. Subfield "c" is added immediately
after subfield "an (when checked "11) and
after each subfield 'b" used. More
detailed information, including the list
of abbreviations used for USDA offices, I
available as AGRICOLA Users' Guide
Supplemental Insert #4, April 1980.
These codes are on issued tapes and are :.:
Supplemental inserts have been dis-
tributed to all holders of record of :
the AGRICOLA Users' Guide. Also avail- "
able is the latest revision of AGRICOLA4 .
Subject Category Codes With Scope Notes:,
(Modified AGRIS). 68 p. July 1980, .
Readers who have not received a set of :
inserts or the revised codes may reques."..
them with a return addressed label ,
Room 302, NAL Bldg.
Beltsville, MD 20705.
AG CONSULTANT AND FIELDMAN. Wi l-
loughby, Ohio, Meister Pub. Co. irr.
Supersedes Agri-Fieldman and Consultant.
ANGUS JOURNAL. St. Joseph, Mo., Angus
Productions. m. Vol. 1, 1979-
Supersedes Aberdeen-Angus Journal.
BASIC AND CLINICAL NUTRITION. New
York, M. Dekker. irr. Vol. 1, 1980-
GASOHOL U.S.A. Kansas City, Mo.,
Charles Walters, Jr. m. No. 1, 1979-
IMMUNOLOGY LETTERS. Amsterdam,
Press. irr. Vol. 1, 1979-
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR THE STUDY OF
ANIMAL PROBLEMS. Washington, Institute
for the Study of Animal Problems. irr.
Vol. 1, 1980- HV4701.149
JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL
METHODS. Amsterdam, Elsevier/North-
Holland Biomedical Press. irr. Vol. 1,
MOLECULAR AND BIOCHEMICAL PARASI-
TOLOGY. Amsterdam, Elsevier/North-
Holland Biomedical Press. irr. Vol. 1,
No. 1, 1980- QL757.M6
LANDSCAPE TRADES. Mississauga, Ont.,
Horticultural Pub. Division of Land-
scape. irr. Vol. 1, 1979-
a: TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE REPORT. Washing-
ton, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Office
:, of Interoational Cooperation and
ii Development. irr. No. 1, 1979-
WESTERN HOG JOURNAL.. Edmonton, Alberta
Pork Producers Marketing Board, Sas-
katchewan. q. Vol. 1, 1979- DG391.W4
Farmland, Food and the Future. Edited
by Max Schnepf. Ankeny, Iowa, Soil
Conservation Society of America (1979).
214 p. Paperback.$8.00. ISBN
0--935734-03-1. Order from publisher.
Directory of Federal Statistics for
Local Areas. A Guide to Sources. Urban
update 1977-78. [Washington, D.C.]
Bureau of the Census, 1979. 490 p.
$4.50. Stock Number 003-024-02167-6.
Order from Superintendent of Documents,
U.S. Government Printing Office, Wash-
ington, D.C., 20402.
Proceedings of the Conference on
Priorities for Agricultural Research,
Extension, and Higher Education,
January 27-28, 1980, Arlington,
Virginia. (Washington, D.C.), U.S.
Dept. of Agriculture, Science and
Education Administration, April, 1980.
116 p. Request from James T. Hall,
Rm. 26, Bldg. 005, BARC-West,
Beltsville, Md. 20705.
Resource--Constrained Economies: The
North American Dilemma. Ankeny, Iowa,
Soil Conservation Sopiety of America
(1980). 307 p. Paperback. $8.50.
ISBN 0-935734-05-8. Order from
Based on material presented at the 34th
annual meeting of the Soil Conserva-
tion Society of America, July 29-
August 1, 1979, Chateau Laurier,
Soil Conservation Policies: An Assess-
ment. Ankeny, Iowa, Soil Conservation
Society of America. (1979). 154 p.
Paperback.$6.50. ISBN 0-935734-04-X.
Order from publisher.
Based on material presented at the
National Conference on Soil Conserva-
tion Policies, November 15-16, 1979,
Washington Hilton Hotel, Washington,
ifm aafti.JB lM c 8xa eaaa
CAPITOL HILL LEGISLATION
Agriculture, RuraZ Development and Related Agencies Appropriations Bill, 1981.
H.R. 7591. Summary figures show that $14,689 million (62 percent) of total
obligational authority in the bill (including transfers from section 32) is
recommended for the Domestic Food Programs under Title III. These include such
programs as Child Nutrition, Special Milk, Food Stamps, Food Donations, and
Special Food for Women, Infants, and Children. An additional $1,291 million (5
percent) is provided in the bill for Title IV International Programs, including
Public Law 480. The balance of the bill includes $5,179 million (22 percent) for
Title I Agricultural Programs (including the Comnodity Credit Corporation)
$2,266 million (9 percent) for Title II Rural Development Programs, and $364
million (2 percent) for Title V Related Agencies. Reported from Appropriations
June 17, 1980; Rept. 96-1095. Passed House July 30, 1980. Senate Appropriation
passed in July and in Joint Committee for resolution.
Agricultural Trade Suspension Adjustment Act of 1980. S. 2639. Mitigates the
adverse effects of the suspension of trade with the Soviet Union on U.S. farmers,
increases the minimum loan levels for wheat and feed grain price support loans
made to farmers under the farmer-held reserve program for 1979 through 1981 crop
years. Wheat acquired by the Commodity Credit Corporation under the bill would be
used to establish a five-year food security wheat reserve; and corn acquired by
the CCC would be disposed of by sale (at the fuel conversion price, but at not
less than the release price for corn under the farmer-held reserve program) for
use in producing alcohol. Reported from Senate Agriculture, Nutrition and
Forestry May 1, 1980; Rept. 95-676.
Child Nutrition Act Amendment. H.R. 4136. Provides administrative funds to the
States for their operation of the child feeding programs and ensures stronger
State administration of the child nutrition programs. Permits States to combine
the funds they receive for each of the separate feeding programs into one
allocation and then to assign personnel hired with these funds to the programs in
proportion to their needs for administration. Permits the Secretary of Agricul-
ture to withhold all or part of a States administrative funds if it has not
corrected deficiencies in administration after the State has been consulted and
been given an opportunity to correct these deficiencies. Reported from House
Education and Labor June 1, 1979; Rept. 96-229.
Family Parm Development Act of 1980. S. 2780. Encourages the ownership and
development of family farms, provides for research and education relating to
family farms, authorizes the President to stabilize food prices; authorizes the
the Secretary of Agriculture to provide financial assistance for the production
of industrial hydrocarbons and alcohols from Agricultural commodities and forest
products. Pending in Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Committee July 28, 19Xi:.
Farm Credit Act Amendments of 1980. S. 1465. Expands the ability of the Farm
Credit System institutions to serve the credit and related needs of their
member-borrowers -- U.S. farmers, ranchers, and producers and harvesters of aquatic
products, and their cooperatives. Major provisions of the bill would (1) reduce
from 80 percent (70 percent in the case of rural utility cooperatives) to 60 percent
(LEGISLATION, Continued on pagp 11
CAPITOL HILL LEGISLATION
(LEGISLATION, Continued from page 10)
- the minimum voting control of a cooperative that must be held by farmers, aquatic
producers or harvesters, or eligible cooperatives in order for the cooperative to be
eligible for loans from a bank of cooperatives; (2) authorizesFederal Land Banks to
make loans in excess of 85 percent but not in excess of 100 percent of the value of
the real estate security if the appraised loan is guaranteed by federal or other
governmental agencies. Reported from Senate Agriculture Nutrition and Forestry
June 26, 1980; Rept. 96-837. Passed Senate July 24, 1980.
Plant Variety Protection Act Amendments. H.R. 999. Amends Plant Variety Protection
Act by (1) repealing section 144 of the act thereby expanding patent-like protection
to novel varieties of okra, celery, peppers, tomatoes, carrots, and cucumbers, which
had specifically been excluded from protection in the original legislation; (2)
extending time period during which protection is afforded to novel varieties from 17
to 18 years; (3) refining and updating terminology in Act. Reported from House
Agriculture Committee June 20, 1980; Rept. 96-1115.
Wind Energy Systems Commercialization and Utilisation Act of 1979. H.R. 5892.
Establishes commercialization programs including accelerated research and
development, a loan program, a Federal procurement program, and information
gathering and dissemination services. Passed Senate amended June 16, 1980. House
asked for a conference June 20, 1980; Senate agreed to a conference June 26, 1980.
Wood Residue Utilization Act of 1980. H.R. 6755. Authorizes a pilot program to
encourage the efficient utilization of wood and wood residues; to develop, demon-
strate, and make available information on feasible methods that have potential for
commercial application to increase and improve utilization, in residential, commer-
cial, and industrial or power plant applications, of wood residues resulting from
timber harvesting and forest protection and management activities occurring on
public and private forest lands, and from the manufacture of forest products,
including woodpulp. Reported from the Agriculture Committee April 29, 1980;
Rept. 96-913. M
MICROFILMED LAND-GRANT AGRICULTURAL
A list of Mid-Western land-grant
on microfilm is available from
Technical Information Systems. Dis-
tribution of this list has been made
to land-grant and cooperating insti-
tutions. Additional copies may be
obtained by sending a self-
addressed return mailing label to
Library Operations Division
Room 302, NAL Bldg.
Beltsville, MD 20760
Southwestern Land-Grant Agricultural
Publications for Arizona, Lousisana,
Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and
Texas, have been filmed but a list
is not available. For price
information and listing of titles
Bell & Howell
Old Mansfield Road
Wooster, OH 44691
Filming is presently underway in
cooperation with land-grant libraries
in these states: Minnesota, Montana,
North and South Dakota, and Washing-
ton. Film will be available late
this year or next for these states.L[
Teduanical Infortion Systems reviews tides befme tbamndine ame mi e in order to JaMI depiatim witlbi USDA. We
ao recent cUpes on deposit of m la in advance of their fiMigs i the studard biblgraphic took. T i cola an
alrt to selcted new receipts at TIS. lbese ims a available to USDA p Hand upon piaeMtin of a Ien nequO
(AD-245) with the identicfatiom. TRANS. w alMog wath the k la Non-USDA penma ay m ey a
photo-duplication at the rate of 52 for each 10 pages or fraction tmheof pei daki TRANS. No. MUST be
-O the request. Both types of requests sould be seot to:
Leadieg Diisoi, Tedcncal Ifmonmaio Sytems
Naisnal Apricuralt Lanwy Ufdi
U.S. Deprtant of Agricaltun
BeltUii, Mawyamd 20705
The Techndcal Transaton Number will also be cited fof those tranldatins pspamd far the U.S. Depftmmt of Agerimltu
and the Natonal Siace Fomndation under the P.L 480 prqraa. Copies o these tm iu s emy also be hadued tmn
the Nitmaal Translatio Center. John Crae Ljarny, 35 Wen 33rd Street, Chicago. IL 60616.
BAROUDI, H. Mineral Substances in the
Grain and Gluten of Wheat of the Arab
Republic of Syria. Translated from
Russian: Prikl. Biokhim. Mikrobiot.
(2): 279-283, 1978. TRANS. No. 25652
DEPPE, H. J. and GERSONDA, M. Pro-
duction of Protected Wood Materials
of the Type *100 GO. Translated from
German: Holz-Zentralbltatt. TRANS.
FLKSMAN, 1. L. and KOMSHILVLV, N. F.
Change in Acid Conmposition of Resins
and Lipids of Pinewood Exposed to
Various Temperature. Translated from
Russian: Khinria Drevesiny, (4): 86-92,
1979. TRANS. No. 25837.
KRYUCWO, N. M. et al. Nonspecific
Prophylaxis Against Viral Diarrhea in
Cattle. Translated from Russian:
Veterinariya Moscow, (1): 57-39, 1978.
TRANS. No. 25723 TT 80-58072/4
LIKHATCHEV, N. V. et al. Studies on
Biophysical Properties of Virions and
Subviral Components of Classical Swine
Fever Virus. Translated from Russian:
Doklady Vase. Akad. S-SH. Nauk, (7):
29-31, 1978. TRANS. 25617.
MUIRAVIEV, V. K., et at. Study of
Immunity Against Foot-and-Mouth
Disease in Swine. Translated from
Russian: Veterinariya MoseoW, (1):
41-44, 1978. TRANS. No. 25904
SIIUTW, G. M. and RYZHKCWSKI, A. G. Fire
Resistant Modified Wood. Translated
from Russian: Derer. Prom., (2): 9-10,
1980. TRANS. No. 25835.
ASSOCIATES NAL INC. PRESENTS AWARDS
Awards were presented to I. Jesse
Ostroff and Robert Butler at the
annual meeting of the Associates
July 23, 1980.
Ostroff received the DISTINGUISHED
SERVICE Award for meritorious perfor-
mance exceeding job requirements at
the National Agricultural Library.
Mr. Ostroff has provided superior
counsel of great value to the Cattle
Disease Program, Animal and Plant
Health Inspection Service for the
expanded use of their manual bibli-
ographic file for public use, as well
as meeting their own needs through
incorporating it into AGRICOLA as the
Brucellosis Subfile. In converting
this internal file into an inter-
nationally available automated
bibliographic data base, the sources
of literature covered by the
Brucellosis Subfije were greatly
expanded to include the worldwide
publication of serials and
monographs in veterinary and human
medicine as well as in public health.
The information objective in creating
this file to cover the most significant
literature pertinent to the incidence,
distribution, prevalence, prevention
or control, diagnosis, treatment, and
eventual eradication of brucellosis in
animals and in man.
Mr. Ostroff's counseling and guidance on
the automation of the Brucellosis Sub-
file is a superior improvement to the
quality of a critical product and a
service to a target public. His out-
standing work has contributed imneasur-
ably to the understanding and control
of a dangerous and costly disease.
Butler received the Professional
Achievement Award for any published
contribution to library literature or
meritorious accomplishment in the
library science field.
Mr. Butler was managing editor of the
Quarterly Bulletin of the International
Association of Agricultural Librarians
and Documentaliste from 1977 to 1979.
During his editorship he gave a pro-
fessional look to the format of the
Quarterly Bulletin and substantially
improved its contents through encourage-
ment of contributors from developing as
well as developed countries.
Editing, composition, and publication,
all very demanding and time-consuming
tasks, were performed largely as a
"labor of love." Mr. Butler is to be
commended for his professionalism and
his concern with the development and
direction of international agricultural
New Officers elected at the annual
meeting for 1980/81 are:
President: Harry C. Trelogan
Vice-President: T. C. Byerly
Treasurer: Orlin J. Scoville
Secretary: Julia S. Merrill
The Award takes the form of a bronze medallion.
The Associates NAL, Inc. seek your participation and
QUICK BIBLIOGRAPHY SERIES
The bibliographies in this series are
primarily computerized online or batch
bibliographies. emanating from searches
performed by the TIS Reference Staff
in response to customer requests.
Searches are selected for inclusion
based on the currency of the topic,
interest among clientele relative
length (approximately 156 citations or
more) and probable value to a larger
audience. All titles in this series
will be listed for six months.
Revisions or updates will be re-
numbered and reannounced. Only one
copy of a title will be sent; however,
requestors may make copies. To
request a copy of a Quick Bibliography
send the title, series number, and a
return addressed label to:
Technical Information Systems, SEA,
NAL Bldg., Room 302
Beltsville, MD 20705
Search by Jayne T.
NAL--BIBL.--80-06. Urban Forestry,
1974-1979. 402 citations from
AGRICOLA. Search by Jayne T.
MacLean. April 1980.
NAL--BIBL.--80-07. Aquatic Weed
Control, 1969-1979. 314 citations
from AGRICOLA. Search by Jayne T.
MacLean. April 1980.
NAL--BIBL.--80-08. Training Manuals,
Handbooks, Guides and Audiovisual
Materials on Pesticides, 1963-1979.
202 citations from AGRICOLA. Search
by Charles N. Bebse. April 1980.
NAL--BIBL.--80-09. Wind Energy in
Agriculture, 1970-1979. 170
citations from AGRICOLA. Search by
Jayne T. MacLean. April 1980.
NAL--BIBL.--80-10. Minimum Tillage,
1974-1979. 357 citations from
AGRICOLA. Search by Jayne T.
MacLean. April 1980.
NAL--BIBL.--80-11. Small Farms, Family
and Part-Time Farming in the United
States, 1967-1979. 334 citations
from AGRICOLA. Search by Charles N.
NAL--BIBL. 80-12. Poisonous and
Hallucinogenic Mushrooms, 1969-1979.
183 citations from AGRICOLA. Search
by Charles N. Bebee and Maydelle
NAL-BIBL. 80-13. Volcanic Ash:
Biological Effects, 1968-1979. 38
citations from AGRICOLA. Search by
Charles N. Bebee, Jayne T. MacLean, and
Phyllis L. Cleveland. May 1980.
NAL--BIBL. 80-14. Earthworms: Raising,
Uses, Beneficial Aspects, 1969-1980.
212 citations from AGRICOLA. Search by
Jerry Rafats. June 1980.
NAL--BIBL. 80-15. Salt Tolerance in
Plants, 1974-1979. 275 citations from
AGRICOLA. Search by Jayne T. MacLean.
NAL--BIBL. 80-16. Windbreaks and
Shelterbreaks, 1968-1979. 332
citations from AGRICOLA. Search by
Charles N. Bebee. July 1980.Q0
:. .:::: : .:.!l
i -iH',.i I
'iiih i,*!' "I
1979-84 Cycle for Projecting and
Analyzing Research Program Adjust-
ments with Historical Trends and
Comparisons. A Report to the Joint
Council on Food and Agricultural
Sciences by Regional and National
Planning Committees and Interim
National Research Planning Comnmittes.
(Washington, D.C.) July 1980. 31 p.
Free. Request copies from
Joint Council on Food and
USDA, Room 351-A, Administration
14th & Independence Ave., S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20250
September 29-30: 1890 LIBRARY
DIRECTORS' ASSOCIATION MEETING.
Atlanta, Georgia. Contact:
Barbara Williams Jenkins, Whittaker
Library, S.C. State College,
Orangeburg, SC 29117.
September 29-October 1: NATIONAL
SYMPOSIUM ON ENERGY AND AGRICULTURE.
Kansas City, Mo. Sponsored by
American Society of Agricultural
Engineers. Contact: ASAE-Energy,
Box 410, St. Joseph, MI 49085.
September 29-October 1: NATIONAL
ALCOHOL FUEL PRODUCERS ASSOC. Kansas
City, Mo. Contact NAFPA Head-
quarters, 1700 S. 24th St. P.O.
Box 2756, Lincoln, NE 68502.
October 20-22: SYMPOSIUM ON RURAL
POLICY AND FARM STRUCTURE. Ames,
la., Iowa State University.
Sponsored by the University, the U.S.
Department of Agriculture, the Farm
Foundation, and the Policy Studies
Organization. Contact: Don F. Had-
wiger, Dept. of Political Science,
Iowa State University, Ames, IA
November 16-19: NATIONAL ASSOCIATION
OF STATE UNIVERSITIES AND LAND-GRANT
COLLEGES. Peachtree Plaza Hotel,
Atlanta, Ga. For Information contact
Ruth N. Smith, Suite 710, 1 Dupont
Circle, Washington, D.C., 20036. Tel:
The theme of the Agricultural
Division is Energy Impact -
.Leadership from the Land-Grant
Community in a high Energy Coat
November 17-21: 9th PAMAMERICAN
SEMINAR ON SEEDS. Buenos Aires,
Argentina. Contact: Secretaria
Administrativa, Corrientes 127-50
PI sa-Of. 513 (1043) Buenos Aires -
publ ica Argenti na.
! "" :
November 30-December 6: ARID LAND
RESOURCE INVENTORIES, DEVELOPING
COST-EFFICIENT METHODS. La Paz,
Mexico. Sponsored by IUFRO Forest
Resource Inventory Subject Group, SAF
Inventory Working Group, Sub-
secretariat of Forest & Wildlife,
Mexico, Mexican Association of
Professional Foresters (AMPF), USDA
Forest Service, USDI Bureau of Land
Management. Contact: H. Gyde Lund,
Program Chairman, USDA Forest Service
RMF & RES, 240 W. Prospect St., Ft.
Collins, CO 80526.
December 1-2: ASAE CONFERENCE ON
CROP PRODUCTION WITH CONSERVATION
IN THE 80's. Palmer House, Chicago,
IL. Contact: John C. Siemans, Chair-
man, Conference on Crop Production with
Conservation in the 80's, Agricultural
Engineering Department, Univ. of Illi-
nois, Urbana, IL 61801 (telephone:
AGRICULTURAL LIBRARIES INFORMATION
NOTES provides a channel of communica-
tion to technical information specialist
librarians, extension workers, re-
searchers, and scientists on agricultural
information activities. It is published
monthly by the U.S. Department of Agri-
culture, Science and Education Ad-
ministration, Technical Information
Systems, National Agricultural Library
Building, Beltsville, MD 20705. Leila
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