United States foreign trade

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
United States foreign trade
Alternate title:
United States foreign trade. FT900, Summary of United States export and import merchandise trade
Portion of title:
Summary of U.S. export and import merchandise trade
Abbreviated Title:
U.S. foreign trade, FT900, Summ. U.S. export import merch. trade
Physical Description:
13 v. : ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of the Census
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census :
For sale by the Subscriber Services Section (Publications), Bureau of the Census
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Creation Date:
October 1978
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Imports -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Exports -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Commerce -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
statistics   ( marcgt )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Issued also to depository libraries in microfiche.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Dec. 1976-
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Ceased in 1988.
General Note:
"FT 900."
General Note:
Description based on: Jan. 1979; title from caption.
General Note:
Beginning with July 1980 for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S.G.P.O.
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: Mar. 1988.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 001320869
notis - AGH1745
oclc - 07222812
lccn - 81646118
issn - 0730-3270
sobekcm - AA00005268_00001
Classification:
ddc - 382/.0973/00212
System ID:
AA00005268:00023

Related Items

Preceded by:
Summary of U.S. export and import merchandise trade
Succeeded by:
U.S. merchandise trade. Seasonally adjusted imports and exports

Full Text
CS3./Y: oo--) 6-/o


UNITED STATES FOREIGN TRADE


SUNIV. OF FL LI. Summary of U.S. Export and
OCUMNTS .DEPI Import Merchandise Trade


OCTOBER 1978


For Release


Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data'
(Including unadjusted data on imports of petroleum and petroleum produj


F.A.S. EXPORTS AND


Seasonally Adjusted
the Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce an-
nounced today that during October 1978, exports on a
f.a.s. (free alongside ship) U.S. port of exportation
value basis, excluding Department of Defense (DOD) Mili-
tary Assistance Program Grant-Aid shipments, amounted to
$13,010.5 million and that general imports on a f.a.s.
foreign port of exportation value basis, amounted to
$15,138.0 million.

Based on the above export and import figures, the October
merchandise trade balance was in deficit by $2,127.5
million, as compared to the deficit of $1,641.1 million
recorded in September.' 2 3

During the first 10-months of 1978 (January-Octobert,
exports on a seasonally adjusted basis were at an annual
rate of $140,477 million, a level about 16 percent higher
than the calendar year 1977 total of $121,150 million.
Imports for the January-October 1978 period were at an
annual rate of $170,231 million, an increase of about 15
percent over the calendar year 1977 total of $17,685
million.

For the 4-month period, July-October 1978, exports
averaged $12,675.3 million per month, about 9 percent
higher than the $11,606.6 million average reported for the
preceding 4-month period, March-June 1978. Imports on a
f.a.s. value basis, averaged $14,781.9 million per month
for the current 4-month period, a level about 6 percent
higher than the $13,977.6 million average reported tor
the preceding 4-month period.' 2 3

Unadjusted

Exports, excluding Military Assistance Program Grant-Aid
shipments, increased from $12,713.1 million in September
to $13,153.6 million in October. With Military Assistance
Program Grant-Aid shipments included, exports increased
from $12,714.4 million in September to $13,157.4 million
in October. General imports increased from $14,-16.9 mil-
lion in September to $15,118.3 million in October.

RoLe: Footnotes 1, 2, and 3 are shown at the bottom of
page 4.


Seasonally Adjustedl
The Bureau of the '-'ensr.s. L'partment of d
todas that during October 1978, exports on a t free
alongside ship U.S. port of exportat ion '.alue t.asis. ex-
cluding Department of Defense DI ,LL illitar',. Assistance
Program Grant-Aid shipments amounrted to ;13,010.5 million
and that general imports on a c.i.f. l':ost, insurance, and
freight) U.S. port, of ntry valuee basis, amounted to
$16,068.2 million.

based on the above export and import figures, the ''. toher
merchandi e trade balance was in deficit by $j,05 mti-
lion, as compared to the drefL, it of i2,71-.8 mill ion recorded
in September.t 2 2

During the first 10 month- of 1I'C IJanuar,.'-October .
exports on a seasonally adjusted basis Were at an annual rate
of $l-.0,477 milli on, a letel about lb percent higher than the
calendar year 1'ii total c 121 .I 15,u mill ion. Imports tcor
the January-October 1978 period were at an annual rate .:t
$181 ,2-2 mill ion, an inc rease of about 15 percent over the
the calendar year [977 total of li7,5o00 mi l I ion.


For the --month period, July-Occober 19'8d, export'
averaged $12,675.3 million per month, about Q percent
higher than the $11 .Oo.b mi llion average reported tor
the preceding --month period, Mlarch-June 1078. Imports onr
a c.i.f. value bai averaged $1 .74'7.-5 miil on per month
for the currentt --month period. 3 le.el ab cut o. percent
higher than the $la,6t6.n mill ion average reported for the
preceding --month period.' 2

Unadjusted
Exports, excluding Militar:, Assiatance Prugram Crdnt-Aid
shipments, increased from $12.713.1 million in September
to $13,153.t. million in O-tohber. Wit- Military Asi.-tan' e
Program Crant-Aid shipments included, exports increased
from $12,714.w million in September to $13,157.- million
in October. General imports increased from i15,J93.0 mil
lion in September to $16.017.3 million in October.


M\ o U.S. Department
Sof Commerce
BUREAU OF
THE CENSUS


Inquiries concerning these figure should be addressed to the Chief. Foreign Trade Division, Bureau of
the Caenus, Washington. D.C. 20233. Td: Are Code 301,763-5140; 763-7754; and 763-7755.
For oSe by the Subtcriber Services Section (Publications), Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C.
20233, or any U.S. Deparlennt of Commerce district office. Postage stamps not acceptable; currency
submitted at under's risk. Remittances from foreign countries must be by international money order
or by a draft on a U.S. bank. Price 30 cntsper copy. Annual subscription IFT 900,975,985, and 986
combined) $14.90.


F.A.S. EXPORTS AND F.A.S. IMPORTS


SA.M.







EXPLANATION 0


IMPORT STATISTICS

Coverage

The U.S. import statistics reflect both government and
nongovernment imports of merchandise from foreign countries
into the U.S. Customs territory, which includes the 50 States,
the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. The U.S. import
siiiis.tics exclude imports into the Virgin Islands, Guam,
Amencan'Samoa; and other U.S. possessions; and shipments
between the United States and Puerto Rico, between the United
States and U.S. possessions, and between any of these outlying
areas. (Data on U.S. trade with Puerto Rico and the Virgin
Islands of the United States are published separately in Report
FT 800. Additional data on such trade and on imports into the
Virgin Islands from foreign countries are presented in reference
tabulations.) Data on imports of petroleum and selected
petroleum products, including shipments into the Virgin Islands
from foreign countries, are included in this report effective with
the January 1976 statistics (previously shown in former Report
FT 900-Supplement).
The U.S. import statistics also exclude American goods re-
turned to the United States by its Armed Forces;intransil ship-
ments through the United States when documented as such
with Customs; temporary shipments; transactions not con-
sidered to be of statistical significance, such as shipments of
personal and household effects; low-valued nondutiable im-
ports by mail; and issued monetary coins of all component
metals.

Inclusion of Gold in the Statistics

Effective with the statistics for January 1978, imports of
nonmonetary gold (in such forms as ore, scrap and base bullion,
nonmonetary refined bullion, etc.) which were previously
excluded, are now included in the statistics. Imports of silver in
these forms have been included since January 1969. Additional
information regarding the inclusion of gold in the 1978 statistics
appears in the November and December 1977 issues of Report
FT 990.

General Imports/Imports For Consumption

The statistics on U.S. imports are presented in terms of both
"General Imports" and "Imports for Consumption." General
imports are a combination of entries for immediate con-
sumption and entries into Customs bonded warehouses, and
thus generally reflect total arrivals of merchandise. Imports for
consumption are a combination of entries for immediate
consumption and withdrawals from warehouses for con-
sumption, and thus generally reflect the total of the com-
modities entered into U.S. consumption channels.
Source Of Import Information

The official U.S. import statistics are compiled by the Bureau
of the Census from copies of the import entry and warehouse
withdrawal forms which importers are required by law to file
with Customs officials. The information as to country of origin,
net quantity, value, and commodity classification is verified by
Customs officials on entries filed for transactions valued over
$250. which are ordinarily subject to examination for Customs


F STATISTICS

appraisement purposes. The statistical copy of the entry
corrected if it does not accurately reflect the informal .
called for by the statistical requirements.

Import Valuation i ,

F.a.s. Import Value.-The f.a.s. (free alongside ship) v .
represents the transaction value of imports at the foreign port'
exportation. It is based on the purchase price, i.e., the act
transaction value and generally includes all charges incurred :
placing the merchandise alongside the carrier at the port
exportation in the country of exportation.

C.i.f. Import Value.-The c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freijj
value represents the value of imports at the first port of entry i
the United States. It is based on the purchase price and include
all freight. insurance, and other charges (excluding U.S. impel
duties) incurred in bringing the merchandise from the counl
of exportation and generally placing it alongside the carrier ft
the first port of entry in the United States. If the merchandise
was acquired in a transaction between related parties, t 4I
purchase price used in deriving the c.i.f. value is based on *i
arm's-length equivalent transaction price, i.e., a price whidh I
would exist between unrelated buyers and sellers.

Import Commodity Information

Import data are initially reported in terms of the commode
classifications in the Tariff Schedules of the United States A- A
notated (TSUSA), which is an official publication of the U1, .
International Trade Commission, embracing the legal text WMi
the Tariff Schedules of the United States together with stat- !
tical annotations. The TSUSA data are rearranged and presed -1
in this report in terms of totals for the 1-digit common 1
sections in Schedule A, Statistical Classification of Commodti I
Imported Into the United States, which is based upon il
Standard International Trade Classification (SITC), RevisionS2,
effective with the statistics for January 1978. Prior to Jan
1978, Schedule A was based upon the former SITC, R .

Date of Importation and Import Monthly Carryover

It is the objective of the compiling procedures to inch*
shipments, insofar as practicable, in the statistics for the actAl
month of importation (or the month of withdrawal in the case
of warehouse withdrawals for consumption). Effective with*w
January 1978 statistics, the date of importation as reported oM
the import entries is being used to determine the statistical
month in which the shipments are included. However, situe
under the Customs "immediate-delivery" procedures importes1
may file the import entry up to 10 workdays after the date of
release of the merchandise, some documents for merchandise
imported during the last few days of a given month may 4tl
be received in time for inclusion in the statistics for that month. :
As a result, there is a carryover, estimated at about 15 percent,
from the actual month of importation to a subsequent month.
In addition, processing problems (e.g., late filing of documents,
rejection of a shipment by the computer because the data fail
to meet certain edit criteria established to protect the accuracy
of the statistics, etc.) contribute to an additional carryover of
about 5 percent (in terms of value) of shipments from the ie-
Ak. b







ported month of importation (or withdrawal from warehouse)
to a subsequent month, usually the succeeding month. These
limitations should be borne in mind when making month-to-
month comparisons.
For 1977 and previous years, the date of Customs official
acceptance of the import documents was used to determine the
statistical month in which the shipments were included. How-
ever, in certain annual publications for 1977 and in 1978 re-
ports which also present 1977 data (e.g., FT 900, FT 990, etc.),
the 1977 data are recompiled on a date of importation basis.

Cumulations of data over at least 4-month periods are desir-
able to identify underlying trends. Month-to-month changes in
imports, exports, and similar series often reflect primarily
irregular movements. e.g., exogenous events such as strikes,
differences in monthly carryover, etc.

Estimated Data for Imports Valued Under $251

The overall import and Schedule A Section 9 totals include
sample estimates for shipments valued under $251. Therefore,
they are subject to sampling error, estimated at less than
one-tenth of one percent for the unadjusted overall total and
about one percent for the unadjusted Schedule A Section 9
total. This means that we can have about 67 percent confidence
that the published unadjusted overall totals and the unadjusted
Schedule A Seciion 9 totals differ by less than one-tenth of a
percent and one percent. respectnely, from the totals that
would have resulted from a complete tabulation. The statistics
on imports of petroleum and petroleum products included in
this report reflect fully compiled data and, therefore, are not
subject to sampling error.

EXPORT STATISTICS
Coverage
The export statistics reflect, in general, both government and
nongovernment exports of domestic and foreign merchandise
from the U.S. Customs territory (includes the 50 Stales, the
District of Columbia. and Puerto Rico) to foreign countries,
whether the exportation involves a commercial transaction or
noi. The statistics, therefore, include Department of Defense
Military Assistance Program Grant-Aid shipments, shipments for
economic assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act and
shipments of agricultural commodities under P.L. 480 (The
Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954, as
amended) and related laws. The following are excluded from the
statistics: Shipments to U.S. Armed Forces and diplomatic
missions abroad for their own use; shipments between the
United States and Puerto Rico, between the United States and
its possessions (including the Virgin Islands). and between these
outlying areas: exports Irom U.S. possessions; intransii ship-
ments through the United States: transactions not considered to
be of statistical importance, such as personal and household
effects; temporary exports: low-valued or non-commercial
exports by mail; and issued monetary coins of all component
metals.

Inclusion of Gold in the Statistics.

As indicated above for imports, effective with the statistics
for January 1978, exports of nonmonetary gold (in such forms
as ore. scrap and base bullion, nonmonetary refined bullion.
etc.) which were previously excluded, are included in the


statistics. Exports of silver in these forms have been included
since January 1969. additional l information regarding the
inclusion of gold in the 1978 statistics appears in the November
and December 1977 issues of Report FT 990.

Definition of Exports of Domestic and Foreign Merchandise

Exports of domestic merchandise include commodities which
are grown, produced, or manufactured in the UnitedStates. and
commodities of foreign origin which have been changed in the
United States from the form in which they were imported, or
which have been enhanced in value by further manufacture in
the United States Exports of foreign merchandise consist of
commodities of foreign origin which have entered the United
States as imports and which, at the time of exportation, are in
substantially the same condition as when imported.

Source of Export Information

The official U.S. export statistics are compiled by the Bureau
of the Census primarily from copies of Shipper's Export
Declarations which are required to be filed with Customs
officials, except for Department of Defense Military Assistance
Program Grant-Aid shipments which are reported directly to the
Bureau of the Census by the Department of Defense and
shipments by qualified exporters who have been authorized to
submit data in the form of magnetic tape, punched cards, or
monthly Shipper's Summary Export Declarations directly to
the Bureau of the Census.

Export Valuation
F.a.s. Export Value. --The value reported in the export statistics
generally is equivalent to a f.a.s. (free alongside ship) value at
the U.S. port of export, based on the transaction price,
including inland freight, insurance and other charges incurred in
placing the merchandise alongside the carrier at the U.S. port of
exportation.

Export Commodity Information
Beginning January 1978, export commodity information
is collected in terms of the commodity classifications in the
1978 edition of Schedule B, Statistical Classification of Do-
mestic and Foreign Commodities Exported from the United
States, which is based on the framework of the classification
system in the Tariff Schedules of the United States (TSUS).
In this report, the Schedule B data are rearranged and presented
in terms of totals for the 1-digit commodity sectionsin Schedule
E, which is based upon the Standard International Trade Classi-
fication (SITC), Revision 2, effective with the statistics for
January 1978. Prior to January 1978, the export classifications
in Schedule B were based upon the organizational framework
of the former SITC, Revised.

Export Monthly Carryover

It is the objective of the compiling procedures to include
shipments, insofar as practicable, in the statistics for the actual
month of exportation. For purposes of the statistics, the month
of exportation is generally based on the date when the shipment
leaves the United States. (For vessel or air shipments it is the
date when the carrier departs or is cleared from the port of
export.) However, as indicated above for imports, because of





4

processing problems le.g., late receipt of a document for an
end-of-month shipment, rejection of a shipment by the com-
puter because the data fail to meet certain edit criteria
established to protect the accuracy of the statistics. etc.), there
is an overall average carryover of about 2 to 3 percent (in terms
of value) of the shipments from the actual month of exporta-
tion to a subsequent month, usually the succeeding month.
These limitations should be borne in mind when making
month-to-month comparisons.
Cumulations of data over at least 4-month periods are
desirable to identify underlying trends. Month-to-month
changes in imports, exports, and similar series often reflect
primarily irregular movements, differences in monthly
carryover. etc.

Estimated Data for Export Shipments

The overall export and Schedule B section and division totals
include sample estimates for shipments valued $251-$1,999 to
Canada and for shipments valued $251-$999 to countries other
than Canada. Data for shipments valued $250 and under to all
countries are also estimated, based on established percentages of
individual country totals, and included in the Schedule B
Section 9 totals regardless of the commodity exported. It is
estimated that the unadjusted overall total is subject to a
sampling error of less than one-tenth of one percent, and the
unadjusted Schedule B section or division totals are subject to
sampling errors of about one percent. In addition, the Schedule
B Section 9 total is subject to possible error in the estimated
data for shipments valued $250 and under; and the overall total,
and the individual totals for sections other than Section 9. to a
more limited extent. Such $250 and under shipments represent
about 1 percent of the total value of exports, and about 60
percent of the Schedule B Section 9 total.

SOURCES OF ERROR IN THE STATISTICS

Monthly) import and export figures are subject to the
possibility of errors which may arise from sources other than
sampling errors, discussed above. Among these are errors in the
reporting and/or processing of information as to commodity
classification, value and other statistical factors, month of
inclusion (see paragraphs on import and export carryover,
above), and the undercounting of exports to Canada due to the
non-receipt of Shipper's Export Declarations. For 1976. the
undercounting amounted to about one and one-half billion
dollars. In the case of imports the information as to value and
commodity classification (as well as country of origin and net
quantity) is verified by Customs officials on entries filed for
transactions valued over $250 which are ordinarily subject to
examination for Customs appraisement purposes, thus con-
siderably reducing the possibility of error. In addition, the
procedures used to compile both the import and export sta-
tistics include clerical and computer processing checks designed


to protect the accuracy of the statistics to the fullest practicable
extent.

MERCHANDISE TRADE BALANCES

Two trade balances are presented in this report:
1) The balance between exports based on f.a.s. values and:i
imports based on f.a.s. values.
2) The balance between exports based on f.a.s. values andi
imports based on c.i.f. values with adjustments for imports fronki
affiliated sellers abroad to reflect arms-length equivalent prices..
Both balances are useful for certain purposes. The first
balance corresponds to a measurement of the international:
payments or credit flows resulting from merchandise trade
between the U.S. and foreign countries. The second balance is
based on concepts similar to those used by most foreign..
countries, and therefore provides a reference for comparison
with the trade balances published by those countries.


REVISIONS TO THE STATISTICS

Under the revision policy adopted effective with the 1977::
statistics, revisions to the monthly statistics for the current year
will be issued only once a year, i.e., with the reports for June
of the following year. Thus, revisions to 1977 statistics will be.
issued only in June 1978. Under the policy previously in effect,
revisions were issued twice a year-the current year's June re-
ports contained revisions for the prior year while the December
reports usually contained revisions for the first three quarters
of the current year.
In addition to the revisions which are made on a once a year
basis, instances may occur where a significant error in the
statistics for a month of the current year is discovered after the:.
statistics for that month are compiled. If the error is of
sufficient importance to require correction prior to the time:'
that the regular revisions are cared, the correction is made and
so noted in this report.


SOURCES OF FURTHER INFORMATION

Additional foreign trade statistics and information regarding
coverage, valuation, sampling, and qualifications which should
be considered by users of the statistics are contained primarily
in the following publications: Report FT 990, Highlights of U.S.
Export and Import Trade; FT 135, U.S. General Imports,
Schedule A Commodity by Country; FT 410, U.S. Exports,
Schedule E Commodity by Country; and the Guide to Foreign
Trade Statistics. Information regarding additional sources of
statistics, the methodology used in seasonally adjusting the data,
and other matters relating to foreign trade statistics may be
obtained from the Foreign Trade Division, Bureau of the
Census, Washington. D.C. 20233.










Table 1. U.S. Exports (f.a.s. Value Basis), General Imports (f.a.s. and c.i.f. Value Basis), and Merchandise
Trade Balance, Adjusted for Seasonal and Working-Day Variation, by Month: January 1977

to October 1978

(In millions of dollars. See Explanation of Statistlcs for Information on coverage, date of Importation. ceflnltions of export and Import values and
trade balances, and sources of error in the data)

F.a.s. Exports and [.a.&. Import F.a.'. Exports and c.i.f. Imports

Period
F[ports imports rba e Exports I.ports ba ance


1977

January-October .. i' '.ib 1 I -6 5 1 -2 1,, I .' I ." j.il I) -: L .' Ij

January .................................. 9,666.5 1,0,-*3.9 ''.- '9,1r l 11 169. -1, 03. 3
February ................................. 9,89?.5 12,612.' -2, 15.2 ,69-.5 I ,-t2.2 -.',56-.
March..................................... 10, l b-. 2 12 -2..2 -2,20. 10, I -.2 3,233.0 ,01..
April.................................... 9,9 -0.0 l i 5'. ; 9,9.-0..1 12. 35 '. J -2,6 '. 3
May...................................... 10,528.o 11,169.5 -64.0.. i),3s. l l 925.) -1, J96..
June..................................... 10 ,091.6 13, 3.. 3 -3,2-3. 11 ')90.6 1.,232.5 -- 1-1.

July..................................... LO.372.3 12,4.2.9 -2, 10.I i0, i'2.3 13,338.6 -2,966.3
August ................................... 9,663.2 12,10)l. -2,-1 .2 9,6 13.2 1 2, 9; .0 3,213.8
September..................... ..... .....II.. .t, : ,9. ,941. 1 90 11, 39 i3, i3 l -2, -.
October.................................. 9, 32;. 12, 5 b.9 -3,2 4.'. 99, 3'.- LJ,.31. -.,"..?.
November.................................. 9,**"...9 12,-UB. 6 -2,9 4' .,- 3,' ,0 0 '2-. t.
December................................. L0,94'9.0 13.-'-.. -2 ,- i.- i 0,' .o -., 3' 6 -i, 3'0.b

1978

January-3Lct uer. Il .*.,, i I-l. e. -, II .. '. -

January............................ ...... 1iu,Ol.3 12. 30. rr. 10,l -. I I l -3 1-2.
February................................. .,4 22.- 1l ,-.- .- l .' ,2-.. 1 ,- I1l. 3 5,1.8.9
March ............... .................... 10.912.1 L ,o' j -' ). ,91L -, s '.r. -3,r,1 .
April.................................... i.1,6 -.4 L .-9c 1 -2,-61.2 II, -.. lI ,- i A -3,800.9
May...................................... 11 3." 1l ,992.1 -2,23A.- iL,'iq 1.-, -.2 -l3 -0.S
June...................................... .12. 1 5. 13, 22. -1.59'.0 i2 1-, to .- -2,-81.

July..................................... 11 792:. 9. -2,9lh.f8 II, ;"2. L 8.2 :.1955.
August................................... 1 -.1 3 1- U ') t .,.' ) '36C
September................................ 13 8 9 15. 12'' -i c l I I. .:e I -2 .
October .................................. [ .'jl'. ,,j .. .. '.. .|, i ,.r, ._ ,' .
November .................................
December.................................

'Export data represEnt domeatic and irhlgr. miercriindlise exciuq'rg 'epartmernt *I D*ivn. c IKn- '[1' 'iki?.ar r 3- 3'rn-e Prcer-r Crant-Aia sh'prr.enr'.
import data represent general imports ,of mierchanoise.
1BeginnLng -Lih the January 19"8 iaU :.u f trins rep.:.rt export 3andi ip..rt tt s aria trace oalJac s nc.luae cara .:.n inipmrint :l r-n ,rt.it l i _,old
in the forn of ores, cuncentrates, waste, scrap, ana refinta Duijion. Ec. E'pla.rnl Tr, :*1 .Tatistic itr sdditr.rai inl rmsts.n.
'Adjusted for seasonal and w,.rkirng-day variation uairig adjustiert fac-tr s G aec rirJed in fIn-n.- e I t b.-.L.tni -r Trir pac..


'Export and import statistical series are adjusted for seasonal and working-day variation but not for changes in price level Factors used to adjust 1977 and 1978 data represent the combination of seasonal
adjustment factors derived traom monthly data through 1977 and the appropriate working day factors These factors mere implemented for the adjusTment ot export data with the release of the January 1978
statistics and for the adjustment of import data with the April 19B sialistcs. In issues of this report for January through March 1978 ie 1977 impor1 data mere adjusted by factors derived troam monthly
date through 1976. Interim factors, derived from monthly data through 1977 were used to adjust January March 1978 import data
Cumulations of data over at least 4 month periods am desirable to identify underlying trends. Month r month changes in export? importi. and similar series often refleCT pi.marnly irreular movements,
differences in monthly carrover etc. Recent month to month percent changes in the overall seasonally adjusted export and import series are presented in the followin able with average percent month-to-
month rise and decline over longer periods shown for comparison The average rise and average decline Igures do not reflect data on nonmonetary gold The 3aerages also evclude percentage changes for (1)
the period OLctober December 1977 because oat abnormalities n the data due to effect of dock strikes and 121 periods when negligible changes Wero percent) ir, he level of exports/mports occurred. Per-
centage changes for a.s. and c t import values are not available for periods prior to January 1974

Month-to-month Average m.intnly rates of change


Average Average -rrm,)ntns l- months
Series Sept.-Oct Aug.-Sept. iuly-Aug. June-July' rise decline J.une-Oct Oct. 1977
197rise decline 9une-. Oct. 977
1978 1978 19 19 1972-1977 1972-1977 19"8 Oct. 1978

(Percent) (Percent) (Percent) (Percent) (Percent) (Percent i (Percent) (Percent)



F.a.s. export value.. -3.1 *7.7 *5.7 -2 .7 .3.6 -3.4 ,1.9 3.O0
F.a.s. import value.. .0.1 +7.3 -4 .7 +, (NA) (NA) ,2.f .1.8
C.i.f. f mport value.. -0., *7.. -*.6 7.8 (NA) (NA) .. .1[.8

3See the Explanation of Statistics" lor dehnitions of The export and import values and trade balances











Table 2. U.S. Exports (f.a.s. Value Basis) of Merchandise Showing Department of Defense (DOD)

Military Assistance Program Grant-Aid Shipments, by Month: January 1977 to October 1978


(In millions oi dollars. See Explanation of Statistics for information on coverage, definition of f.s.a. export value, and sources of error in
the data. Unadjusted totals represent sum of unrounded figures and hence may vary slightly from sum of rounded amounts)

Exports excluding DOD Exports Including
Grant-Ald1 DOD Grant-Aid' DOD Grant-Aid'


Period Domestic Domestic Domestic
anO and Domestic, and Domestic. Western Other
forelgl, foreign, unadjusted foreign, unadjusted Total Europe countries

adjusteal unadjus ed dnadjusted


1977

January-fecember ............ ........ 121,150.4 118,943.7 121,212.3 119,005.5 61.9 3.1 58.7

January-. t,.ue. ........ ... ... ... 100...3. 100.06. 1 9 22.5.6 IO 119.7 98.281 2 55 ; 2 0 53.6

January .............................. 9, sto.5 9,120.3 8,961.9 9,137.0 8,978.6 16.8 0.1 16.6
February............................. 9,89?. 9,469.9 9, 37.0 9,674.9 Q,342.0 5.0 0.3 4.7
March ................................. 10, I .2 11,050.5 10.854.2 11,058.3 10,862.0 7.8 0.3 7.5
April ................................ 9,9-0.0 10,528.f- 10,330.5 10,533.9 10,336.1 5.6 0.1 5.5
lay ................................ 10,528.6 10,969.? 10 12.4. 10,97-..8 10,782.5 5.1 0.3 4.a
Jure ................................. 10,090.6 10,279.3 10,06-. 10,282.4 10,067. 7 3.1 0.1 3.0

July.................................. 10, 3 2. 9,739.6b .:8.1 9 ,7 2.8 9,581.3 3.2 0.1 3.1
August................................ 9,683.2 6,964.1 8,806.2 8,981.1 8,809.1 2.9 0.4 2.6
Septemb r ............................ 11,036.6 10,367.5 10,153.9 10,3'1.1 10,157.5 3.6 0.2 3.4
October.............................. 9,357. 9,55-.8 9,361.8 9,557.4 9,36 .4. 2.6 0.2 2.4
November ............................. 9,'l7.9 9,690.2 9,520.' 9,692.6 9,522.8 2.5 0.3 2.2
December............................. 10,999.0 11,396.1 11,191,7 11,399.9 11,201.5 3.8 0.8 2.9

1978

January-Oc1-) her. ........... ...... 11.. ,. -. liit. .l. 1 1-.30.3 1 10.- .. iI -Itt.S .n 21.4 40.6

January.............................. 10,0i-. 3 9, 3b-. 9,21.. 9,36,6.9 9,216.6 2.5 0.5 2.1
February............................. Q,922.. 9,51,. 6 9,337.8 9,518.5 9,3'.1. 7 3.9 1.3 2.7
March................................ 10,912.1 12,07-.2 11,830.5 12,079.. 11,835.8 5.2 0.5 4.5B
April ................................ i 1,63..9 12,06-. 2 11,85-.1 12,069.7 11,859.6 5.4 0. 4.
May.................................. 11, 3. 12,'. .9 12,23. 3 12,94. 6 12,250.0 15.7 1.0 14.7
June................................. :' 1 2 "2,. 12, 7.. 3 12,261.7 12,481.3 1i ,2 1. 10.1 6.5 3.5

July ................................. 11 ".2.5 10,93-.f 10', .69.- 0 ,4.'- 10, 700.0 10.6 1. 3.2
August ............................... 1: 9 3 11 t II 9 11 -'1 11 621 6 11 -29 3 9 6.5 1].
September............................ i1.-._ 9 12 ; i0 1 12 50. i2 71- 12 505.7 1 3 '42 1.3
October .............................. .I i 1.. i.e 1 2..2.'. 13.15 ..- ,92' .. 3.i 1.5 2.3
November r .............................
December .............................

'Beerinr.,ng -ith lanuary 1978 statistic, totals include oaats on hlpments of nonmonerary gold. See table 1, footnote 2.
'Repre.ents only export shipments from the Ulrtied *tate, noa differs from DOD Mllitary Assistance Program Grant-Aid shipment figures under this
program as follows: (a) Transfers of the material procured outside the United States and transfers from DOD overseas stocks from export shipments.
(b) Export value is f.a.s., whereas DOD value, in most Instances, is f.o.b., point of origin. (c) Data for shipments reported by the DOD for a
given month are included in Bureau of Census reports in the second month subsequent to the month reported by the DOD.
'Adjusted for seasonal and working-day variation. See footnote 1 on the bottom of page 5.
"Annual total is not shown for seasonally adjusted data. Unadjusted data should be used for annual totals.









Table 3. U.S. Imports of Merchandise, by Month: January 1977 to October 1978

(In millions of dollars. See Explanation of Statistics For Inlormation on coverage, date of importation, definitions of f.a.s. and c.t.f. Import
values, and sources of error in the data. Unadjusted totals represent sum of unrounded figures and hence may vary slightly from sum of rounded
mounts)

F.a.s. value1 C.I.f. valuet


PerlaGeneral Imports imports General Imports Imports
for for
Seasonal y Unadjusted consumption, Seasonally UnJusted consumption,
adjusted' UnadjusLed unadjusted adjusted Unadjusted unad used


1977

January-December......................... I 1-7.,685.0 1.6,9-5.5 ,615 6 .3 l.in, 3.

January-October. .............. ....... .1 L I 5 C 1' 0.2 21 :0. Li' lobi L1'. --- 12 4

January................................... 10,'3.9 10,6b-i. 10,r63.9 11,169.8 11, 83. 1 ,-06.-
Pebruary ................................. 12,612.17 11,593.P6 11,25.0 13,-62.2 12,3''-. 12,30 -.
March ................................... 12, 13,1- .3 13,068.9 13,238.9 1.,00 1 13,9 B.3
April .................................... 11,797.7 11,93 11, 2.3 ". 3 12, "23.2 12, 38.'
May ....................................... 11,169.5 11,25. 7 L,2'b.- 11 ,92 .0 12,019.2 11,630.9
June ....................................... 13,33..3 i'.,046.6 1-,034. 7 14,232.5 1.,992.5 1.,978.9

July ..................................... 12,-82.9 12.,'30. 5 12,3-2.9 1,336.-, 13,282.6 13,190.q
August ................................... 12,101.. 12,0...5 12,040 ; 12,89 .0 12,63,.- 12,829.0
September ................................ 12,9.i.6 12,'52.e. 12,328.9 13,81 '.1 13,2Qt.0 13,162.t
October .................................. 12,586.9 12,-9'. 12,5i6B. 13, 31.5 1 336.1 13,-10.8
November................................. 12,'0 t., 12,270.1 12,2"A .- 13,202.5 13,057. 13,0'2.-
December .......................... ........ 13,.7- .2 13,3:2.0 13,15 i 1-,369. 6 I-,2b60. 1-,0-0.2

1978

January-Octooer.......... .............. .. .- .l." -' l-L. ,.I .l ..i 1i1.! r..I I ...1. -'.

January .................................. 12,380.9 12.71-. i 12,60-. l 13,157.0 13,51-.9 13, j97.
February ................................. 1. 4, 2. 13,2P.6.- i3, 116. 15,381.3 1-,152.3 1-,180.2
March .................................... 13,699.3 i-,5 '. 1 -,5,9.5 1 ,569.f i ,'l. 15,-92.-
April .................................... l.,1.96.1 1 ,A 6.0 i.,.10." i ,-.35.8 15, 25.0 15,3-5.0
May...................................... 13,992. 1 1-.,199.2 1-,1065.9 -,89-.2 15,11-.6 1 -,97-.
June..................................... 13,'22.7 1.,51L. 5 1 ,- 3i5. 1., 60;.. 15,-50.2 1 ,36 8.

July ..................................... 1.. 779. 3 i., 703.9 1-,889. 3 15,'-A.2 I '.q 15,658. 3
August ..................................1. I.. 0.i. 1- 0'-2 u 1. 0.- t L5 JIL1 U I- .'. I- b', '
September ................................... 1.. lU. 14 9 .- _'0 9 I. :-J L 33 j I) -'u ."
October.................................. L .. ..1 '.. l .. i i j ,3 l I. I o.' l .' .i .''
November.................................
December .................................


lanatlon of Staiotiscs ior additional


'Beginning witn January 1978 statistics, totals include data on ihipmernts oa nonr-onetarr gold. See the Exp
information. See also table 1, footnote 2.
'Adjusted for seasonal and .orkting-day variation. See footnote I or. the nooton oa page 5.
'Annual total is not shown for seasonally adjusted data. Unadjustea data -houto be used for annual totals.






8


Table 4. U.S. Exports (f.a.s. Value Basis) of Domestic Merchandise, Including Department of Defense

(DOD) Military Assistance Program Grant-Aid Shipments-Schedule E Sections, Seasonally

Adjusted and Unadjusted, by Month: January 1977 to October 1978

(In millions of dollars. See Explanation of Statlstics for Information on coverage, definition of F.a.s. export value, and sources or error
In the data. Unadjusted totals represent sum of unrounded figures and hence may vary slightly frio sum of rounded amounts)


Schedule E sections'
Pe r a
0 I 2' 3 5 6 7 8 9'


January -..i i .

January ......................
February ......................
March.........................
April.........................
May........................ .
June.........................
July.........................
August.......................
Septemoe r .....................
October.......................
N ave be, r ......................
D-teLmber- ......................

198'


January ,'. i r.,

January .......................
February ......................
March .........................
April.........................
May...........................
June..........................
July..........................
August........................
September .....................
October.......................
Novemb r ....................
Decemnbe r ....................





1'.,


January D'cem r ..............

January. -1, ,.....

January; .......................
Februars......................
March. ........................
April .........................
May...........................
June..........................
July..........................
August........................
Septemb r................... ..
October........... ...........
November......................
December .... .................




January cl i

January ......................
February ......................
March..... .............. ...
April ................. ........
May. ..........................
June..........................
July............. ............
August........................
Septe rn .. ....................
October .......................
Novemb r ................ ..
Decemb r ....... ....... ..

IScr.-n.,., i ., ir. n',trur t
,J. fini r.sn lit actr. ,i, ;
1 Dr >ra -fl a; r jt, bacru
S. ruet iarl ral:. a i'd
3. Minei r l IlrI libric
ii.. ai,* i*l I I13- -.n|,. |i
2Begtrlrinv -itsh Jinasrs I '8
inforia ti i .
3Adjut1. fnr ze..onalI ann %
data. i.rl.adJus. data noulI, n
were ad iu ten i ndppeden tl y.


Seasonally adjusted'


1,085. 3
1 '9. 1
1, 5c.0
1,210. 3

,31 2.




1,020.-










l 3 1.


133 .n
1.2 2.
I, 11,.1.


1. "t1 .



I-i .6




























3.A. 2
i. 1

1l "



1,0"8.8
1.116.0

1, 2 3. .

1, i3- 1




i,1-2.9







t i .' i

I,-c "
i **;. (


I, .-,O. ,
1 1 .


I ,16 t.

1j.9
I t0.
16r.6

122. 1

?, 2 -)
5i8.-

lB). ,
39.

221. 6










I, .2
l8...
L0-.,

I*1 8


1 .' 1(O ',

1,0'1.:2
1,153."
1,068. o

I *.2,.2
123.5
115.6
6'0. I
1.02'.L
1,0-3.3
S,039.0
S,1S3. I




l. "1.

1,0 1.2
,010.6
168. l
,280o. Q
1,339.3
1,.00. 1

i Ob. -
I .iS. A


32'.2
'21.9
3' 7
393.8
113. 1

309. 3
393.2
131.6
3I8. 1







230..
172.
1 3.6
2u'.9
331.
396. 6
, 6.9
*' -I


1 O,.- -

71.5
93.5
1L5.-
11 3
Ill.]
116. '
I11.9
122.2
127. :.
110.2
1J-..)
123. 1
101.8





130. .
100.4
98. 7
131. 3

11 1..0
1 33.

13e.
I'70 8
I l *


9 038.3

876.3
9.7.i
886.9
859 I
878.1
912. 1
932.6
864. 9
1,102.3
''6.5
'88.0Q
989.9




. 'A .t

871,.0
919.0
962. '
9'8.1
960.1
1,009.9
1,080.-
I 50. 3
3:' 1 .


9 0,9.6

90'.5

929. 7
918. 3
926.'.
918. 5
887.9
863.6
1,025.6
7..1 .0
832.0
9:'. 0






88'.6
896.6
969.8
96,.
I,038.1
1,036.5
1,005.9
I u,c .


.1 305.5

'.,003.0
3,919.6
.,129.6
- 056.3
&,238.6
- 097. I
6,106.1
.,065.5
S,632.2
-,096.5
1.050.-
-,721.5






,2.2. 3
-,123. 3
-,-2.5
-,'82.6
",99.8
.,69-..
,963.3

>... "


6 '68 -

665. I
661.8
665.2
638.2
67-.8
692.0
697.6
674.9
758.0
660.8
710. .;
769.5






36. 3
735.2
'69.9
836.2
850.1
608. 1
809. 5
901.9
B98.5


3 607.6

379.6
315.3
320.1
262.3
367.5
301.1
508.1
378.9
265.5
529.2
317.4
400.7






666. 7
266.9
387. 7
472.8
300.8
358.6
352.3
33..6
7.0.0
37i .1


Lnadjastea


1,8.b.8



I3b. J

15".2
] 12.0
l28.6
1s-2.5
I-'..
I 56.6
i t.b. 6
li1.o
201 .8
0'.3
3.2...
292.t


I, .' ,,W .'
1 0


1. 2 a, .
1 ,05. I
1.2l0...

1,332.2
1,325.'.
I r
i /J i1 *

22. "



i.02.-
1 0- :
I 1 11 *










1,33'.1,


1,J 3.9
Il3. :



I 06
1 -i i


-I a



:- .



.5.
4..


33'.



18.








1ei.2
I -.



3r!.3. f
-2-.0
3 i 2
25... 1




'7 3.0


46.0
06 ..1

1--1.5
i -i.
l 0
3"I.


119.3
I32. I
130.
.0o .1


) 038 ni


6 1 |
910.
9-3. ;
000 I
922.9
91'.6

8'8 -
I u, 7

i 36.0
1,03'.,.






830.2
863. 2
I ,03 .1
971.3
1.018.
1 ,063.-
1,0 ".2
I I0. .
9 ..


I!U li'. .3

9. U .. -

81. 4
6b' ;2
I Oi.'i -
in' 0


n *-. 2
8,l 6
I I I,

81i.
*5 I






829.9
8s.8. 4
1 ,06>. '
988.
1,100.4
1,092..
93.1, 3
10. *,


-- 6

-I -0- .

1 'l .3
3 "I16 0

- J-" -


3 '4 -

- .L -
- 0I .

- '.
- -







3,852.0
3,9.1.9
5,1-...-
3,098.2
5,1 3 .2
5,075.2
.,-86.8
. 11-1 1


8 '13 9

6 .739


590.3
0o0.8
'33.0
682.2
698.-
'2-.5
623 .n
651. 3
.1..*'.

692.9





3.31'.8

665.6
689.6
8'8.5
85-.6
408.8
65:.2
'3t. 9
*. 5.4


4..13 .6

3.566.6

376.9
280.9
299.6
270.2
368.2
3). 1
515.7
375.5
250.9
493.7
312. 3
43-.8




1,990.9

633. 6
237.5
390.4
511.1
312.8
395.0
351.6
.130 6


I n i. t .s I 1. 4 1 13. i I.. L 3I 1 r
., ,ln. ... II .- n .', ... n.ln aI-.0 7




i ,- are al l. '.
5. Cnemiacal' anu related proauctn, N.S.P.F.
6. Manufactured goods classiltea chiefly by material
itle, encc-pt fuel' M. Machinery arena ransport equipment
ant., ind rl tiltd mut rial 8. Miscellaneou- .manufactured articles, N.S.P.F.
.i,,i C..: tnl 9. Conmmoditits and transactions not clagsiieao elsewhere
statistr-, to3al, include data on anlpmena- of nonmonetr-ry gold. See the Explanation of Statistics for additlona

orulnng-dy vrration. See footnote I on the bottom of page 5. Annual totals are not shown for seasonally adjusted
e useu fr annual totals. The section totals in this table and similar overall monthly totals in tables I and 2


2U .
21. 1


I


*i,
i!









Table 5. U.S. General Imports (f.a.s. Value Basis) of Merchandise, Schedule A Sections, Seasonally

Adjusted and Unadjusted, by Month: January 1977 to October 1978
(In millions of dollars. See Explanation of Statlastcs for informatlun on coverage, date or Iporalt Ion, definitlonof f. .a. Import value, and
sources of error In the data. Unadjusled totals represent sum of unrounded fLgures and hence may vary slightly from sun of rounded aapounts)


Schedule A sections3
Period

0 1 2' 3 6 7 9'


Seasonally adjusted'


1977

January-october ..... 10 39- 3 I -,o" l i : II 1 ,0 i l. II

January ....................... 98..2 116. 583. 12. '.- 3- 1 1 ,-. 8. 2,59.. 1,028.0 215.9
February...................... l, 16n.- 39. ,01. 3,861. ) -2'. 1 1 -. 3.0-1. 152.8 25n..
March......................... 1,101.0 150. i oB 0.6 ,3 2. 3 .1 .0 I ll.1I 2, "39.0 1 ,0-'. 22o.9
April ......................... 1,266.0 128.2 n.2. i 3,3-: i. '.0 -1'., 1, 2, 6 7o 1,08i .9 232.9
May.......................... 1,120..5 30. 6" .6 3,120. -1 .9 l, "o2. 2, '9 .6 1, l t. 2 '2.5
June.......................... 1,0-6.9 13-. i 2.6 -, 359. i '1.2 -63-. l 1 1.1 ),l .' 1,20;.5 J 1.9
July.......................... 990.2 11 .2 6" .' 3.86 o -1.3 -28.1 809.- 3,062. t I ..-.0 22-.6
August........................ 86 3 189 6 9.q 3, 52 .1 51.3 -29.5 1, 2.- 3,02". 1,0 3.6 2--.2
September ..................... 920.9 19. 6 'P 3 3,812.0 -] 9 -66.' 1,913. 3,231 ,231.5 30-. ;
October....................... 8a. .l 18-..9 ,"5-.8 3,89V.] ] 349." 1 ,8.'1.9 3, 41. 9 1,26,..) 2 1.5
November...................... .'. Q7.6 '9. 3.961.0 1-. 307.0 1 ,068 ,0 .2 1, i) 55.6b 561.5
December...................... 1,293.3 1'..8 '51.2 j, 100. 3 .-0. 3 5.'.0 2, 5 5 -. 2 1,362., 311.9

1978
January-October. '- l .. ,'," '-, .- .'. .'<... 1 '. I .' ..r2 1jo.

January....................... 1i.. 68-.6 3. 96. 319 .3 -8.8 .09.1 2,01 3,I 31..8 1. 26.0 5-5.0
rebruary...................... 1, 1'' 16s .A 91.b 3,519.9 W0.. 521. 2.51-.8 3,918.0 1 ,504.. 26-.5
March......................... 1.202.2 b6 3 'oL.6 1,122. 1 --.7 : 9.- 2,266. 1 3,689.2 1,52'.4 ]80.2
April ......................... 1 15..6 1 ).] ,3, 5.1 3.9 5r.1 1 1 1 3,94'.6 1,'6t,. 3.9. 1
May........................... 1, 1 .0 181. 12.9 A,5 50.2 58-..5 2,322.1 3, "o9.3 1 5 1.5 1 16.
June .......................... 936.9 1" 5. 6'i.2 3,9q, .0 -6.. )2'.' 2 ,0 95.6 3,81 6a .2 1,580.- 315.3
July.......................... 1,136.3 L86. '"6.3 3,350.0 -9.0 566.8 :,-3'. 0 ,200.6 1,619.0 319.3
August ................... .. ...-1 ..t i; 3 -L i ---i .) -. 2 04 .- :,91 .-. L.5,-f.2 3:3.
September..................... l. l '.0 UV 9 I j". 1 ." iB'.t 2. ...9 -.,It' .1 I,'i-.6 101.
October ....................... 22. .. .' ,.r .,.. : el ..r, .r ..,' .. I I .'. )i, .
November......................
December ......................







January-December......... .... 12,55:.8 .6t.4..- .-66.2 3-,53'.2 n3il.' -,9"0.- 21 3.'.0 c,-u .8 13,09.- 3, 1335.

January-Ocotcob. ...... .. ..0 6 .s l .03 '. 559 ,8 '.. .. -.. 1 II 1i. :i.'
January....................... 9-1.- 120.5 5-90. 3,521.- 5 .9 32.' 1 ,-26.8 2,- 3. 13 9-1.8 20-.2
February......... ............ 1,0Q'.6 L 2.. ,9' .- I,"c.) -C0. 38 '.'. 1 ,-9-.9 2, 8c.1 22 .
March.. ......... .. .. ....... I.,l '.1 153.. 6b .- -, '-. r 36.0 )39.9 1,053.0 2.99v. 1. Oil 220 j
April ....................... 1,31-..3 L12 .' 52.8 3,511.9 36. .61. 1,'12.1 2,H8".2 1,009.. 226.6
May.......................... 122.' 1- 96.6 2, '"2.6 -2.1 .12.. 1 ,'s1.5 2,q-6.9 i,'- ). 2 2 '.
June................. ........ 1, 1 io.8 .5 839.1 -, j.)5. "0.'. --9.2 2,010. 5 3,-1 9. 1,2 :.u 392.
July.......................... 980. 3 111.2 -1-. 3,'11 3 '1.6 399.'. 1 ,; .1 2,Q95.. 1,2o1.8 230."
August ..................... .. 88...8 lt2.3 771.3 3,bil.- I 2.t .21.8 1 ,66b 2, 1t 1 1,231.2 2 ..2
September..................... 8873.1 182.9 7- ., 3, "20.5 -1.. -3t. 1,888. 2 995.9 1,25'.- 308.-
October ......... ............. 81. :.9 137.8 '37.. 3.o3-.9 29. 3.9. 9.1 1,869.3 3, 301. 1,3 3 1. 1 280.5
November........................ 901.6 105.0 15.2 3,:02. 0 i9.0 311.6 1,763.0 3,190.1 1,118.9 -I-. ,
December...................... 1,29-.6 159.8 781.2 3,153.0 .1 5-9.0 2,116.6 3. 1 1,305.- 32'.2
1978

January- Oc tooer.. ........ II ," I .''.*. rn '-.. 2 'r.. .. .

January......... .............. 1l26.9 138.1 050.- 3,-22.2 2).3 .18.9 1,482.9 3,392.7 1,:2 .9 328.-
February......... ............ L, 11.- C2.- '5.2 1,502.3 6 2. '. ',195. 3, i 3.2 1,293.7 2 5 .
March ......................... ,25" .5 1 '..' ',.1 3,-31 .2 -o.0 60-.2 2, 31 l -,05 ,5Ll. l 3 .2
April.................... l, l.5 1.5 "12.- 3, 1 -2.' '.L 1.6 2, 31 .0 -.,0 5.5 1,-39. "3-.8
May........................... 1,-3.- L69. 6-1 .- 3,;3-. 1 5 .5 5 3.9 2, 3 -..,:2r,... 1,-. n,. 16.0
June....................... 1.0.-i 9 ;i;.' '69.6 3,- 1. I -c." 2 2,01. ,i j,12.9 1, 51.5 j35.2
July ..................... .. 120. 1- ... 8 .0 3.34,1 I -9.- 5-o.9 ,-i.) -.,1068.2 I, 2 32'.0
August ........... ... ........ 9:- .l i-90 : ) I. -. .0 -.' 2 :ln. I .r o
September ..... ............. I ''-6a 16 3 "l. : l .- l .3 8J 0 1I 9 36:- .
Oc tober ....................... I '-:.. I... I -'.- -- i 1 ..'
No.e,'ber.....................
Dece, be r ................... ..

'Schedule A 3ecti., de'_crot Cin are as .all.,-I
0. For -,d i I n.1,-is 3 5. Cr. c.s' i a ina r st13 r pr-,ducrs, N.P.P.F
1. B.crVrag. adi,] toac.::. r. 1'an..j a rct'j-r.j a l ,4 .:aoi ried .:nielt l by t, -rial
2. Cruce er.aler l,13. inelbie. Except luel' '. PM crine.-ry and trrir.pcrt equiprernt
3. Mineral luela, lubricants, ani relatea a*nt rna3l ;. M .A-=ilarc cus .anui!Ltured artlcl.;, N.;.P.F.
-. Osil and ltat--ainiai rna vegetable 9. C:-.T litiesr ar.a ltr3radctl,,r n3o[ claSdill .1 elqr-nere
1Beglrnn ng -iih Jiruar) 19".M tat.tic., t..tal- inclui3e da ta in Shliir.en' 3- r.i nn,,:net.r- gild. _wc the EiDianatl n ,f s[Jt iLtlc I -r additlanai
tf rlo t ior,.
'Adjusten for F.iac.nal mind -*r'ing-day varijatvr,. [flecti'- .itn Ma 19'"t 5 5-u re Ltio lactora used t. idjuit I'"' ind 19'" ata. soe loo.tnote I
on bottom of paeE 5. Annual total are not sh '-n I.-r eazunally adjusted n1ta. Lr.aiaJuseFd data should, be usea fir annual tittal. The adjusted
section totals in nt.s table and miillir ,verill Imo.ntIhil) rarais in tables I ano 3 -ere adjuiteu ar.derer.oently.








10

Table 6. U.S. General Imports (c.i.f. Value Basis) of Merchandise, Schedule A Sections, Seasonally

Adjusted and Unadjusted, by Month: January 1977 to October 1978

(in millions of dollars See Explanation of Statistics for Information on coverage. date of Importation, definition of c.t.f. import value, and
sources of error In the data. Unadjusted totals represent sUl of unrounded isgures and hence may vary slightly from sum or rounded amounts


Schedule A sections'

Per iod
0 2' 3 4 5 8 9


Seasonal Ily adjusted'


1V77

Ija,.ra ri-,.1-'r
Januar -r-ric .:Der .......... .

January, .
pebruar .... .... ...
Marcn. .. .
ril .. .
May .. ..
June ..
idlv

4t Pt EmbE-r .
0c :t : .
-otember
Octk e r .. b

reJnember .. .

19'b

lanuar,- )ctober..............

Jad ary .... .
February,
m-ir- .
April .... .
Ma ..... .. .
June ... .
u l I' .
Au t .
e e r .
a'er ter .
Decrc bFr ..
] s'.i ter








Ja uar, -Dece.er .. ..

Janiar. ,. r... ... ...

Jan.i.r,

March .
n I .

J 'ne
JLuly.
S4iust
S.otemcer r
..c i. 30C





lanuar ,- I l ob .r. . .

J .nuar, .
Fetr .r.
March ..
pr l .

.


etc-,l .-r .


IJ*-,e.rer


11, 852 .

,058.2
1,2.2.5
,169. "
.1366. 6
I,938.n
1 8. J
,060.-
466.9
Q91.6
939.,
"2-...
1,38'.



Ii '41.1

1,209.9
1,2.5-.t,
1,261.-
1,239.3
1 ,219. i
1 ,010.9
1,224.
I.01u-.
1,201.8
I .'. 1 '


1.5b .1

128.9
151.8
162.0
1O2.5
34..
I-2;.
129. 1
20'.
2i2.1
135.0
303.9
162.8






L0?.-
200.2
182.4

19:.0
21'..)
205.-

1I0.6
lu .1


,803.9
285.i
752.8





80723.1
8180.

80 .9







'29.0





8.5. 7
815.2
808.7
818.3






'29.-
8-.>.7
816.2
770.2
875.6
729.
817.3
896.1
869.6


3q.b159.2

3,539.1.
4,128. ?
b,635.0
3,540.8
3,311. 5
-638.5
.,120. 7
3, 30. 3
-,03-.3
4,13-.0
4,210.3
3,279.



i6 s-.'

3 i86. 3
3, 731.9
3,300.2
S376. 1
3,612.8
3,07.0
3,5-.9. 6

--00.9
1.4*-p..


60.1

39. 3
39.4
.3. 6

-3.6
5'.. 1


32.1







-1.0

- .8

53.4
,.9.9
51.8

32.6
-2..


-.355.2

305.2
-51.7
2B6.9
436.8
437. 7
60.0
456.7

491.8
31i.8
323.-
5/5.2







552.6
589.0
580. 9
616.5
559.5
620. 2
),I .t
610.6
,t.0.61


18.8-..5

1,5;2.0
1,8.2. 2
1,-20.6
1,906. ;
S,89b. 1
1,981.8
1,950.6
1,996.5
2,067.9
1,959.5
1,815.8
2,264.8



2, V. r .

2,16-.3
2,-11.9
2,- 3i .1
2, 1-0.9
2,,81.03
2,237.9
2, 636.
2,3:.
2.034 5
.i. t1


J1. ;88.

2, ;7 l
3 259. '
2,937.3
2,987.9
2 ,98.5
3, 383.6
3,263.8
3,206.5
3 43. 3
3, 4 3.
3,290.9
3, ., .



1 .0r, 1.

3,125.8
'.,159. 1
3,923.-
.,2-. 9
.,017.6
. ,0-8. 2
-, 91.5
=. 156.0


12,217.9

1,105.1
1,236.2
1,123.6
1,162. 7
1,218.2
1,293.9
1,230. 3
1,162. 1
1,32-.1
1,361. 7
1,133.8
1,'.6,..9



lb.of'.8 .

1,421.8
1 620. '
,633.6
1,s82.0
1,664.
1,69'.5
1, -0.0

65 1. I
S.au..'-


2.655.7

219.7
261.9
230.6
236.6
266.9
376.8
228.6
2.8.6
309.3
276.7
364.6.
317.0



3.361 .2

350.3
289. 6
385.6
355. L1
323.5
320.0
324.8
329.6
308.8
37-.1


Unadjusted


1,. 39. 2








"-1 .03
1,169. 2


,1-n.2
1,235.7
1,0-9.8
952.-

8i-.6

1,389.0






1 2 3. ?



i,) 0


. 3-*J.


S1, l .



I ,3..


133.0
133.2
15_ .5
1 9. 4
123.0
177. 6
j19C.-
L 8.9
111.6
175.0



1. l i
I .






1 o.0
190.1.
216.1,
20'.2
2,2.9
195.3
I" -n
185.8
j,.


9, IO. 5

.F3- .0

583. t
v-2. 1
'28.2
802.6
156.3
608.-
"9.1
83-.L
'9". 6
1i.9.6

8;.2.0





692.9
21.-.
623.5
'61.7
106.2
r27.9
8b60.6

H
.* 1


-,292.;.

-0,0.1 1


-,091.
5.08-. 6
3, ;2:..
2,9r,..8
.,582.8

3,'0os. 3
3,93;.5
3,b56.0
1,915.6
3,33). .





3,623. 3

3, '2 .
3, '1.2 7.
3,-2;.'. .

3,991. i
3, 581. 5

.93. '
*,.[,..


5F-.1

- .3

60. 6
-3. 3
-0. 3
38.8
4-. 5
'-.5

55.5
5-.2
31.6
-[.6



- 3. 1


31.5
,50. 1
-9. 3
-3.5
-. 7
7 .
52. 3
-3.
3-..
-1 I


,,2-5.5

- 3.J.6

3- 1.0
t.04. ,

-85.3
-135. 1
.35.2
-26. 2
-"<6.8
-59.8
371. 1
328.3
577.5






500.8
636b.

ti5.9
580.2
578.1

-


22,997.2



,5-0.6
1,6,6.-
1,7b3.3
1,832.3
1, 1 7.6
2, 6.. 1
1,923.3
2,008.5
2,0.1.0
2,010."
1,895.7
2,292.0





2,131.8
2,3h 5
2, 50 .1
2.533.2
2.520. 7
;,-57.2
2.59-. 5
2. 68.0
1,j83.-
', ni. -


38,s30.3

3 1. 5b2. :

2,tb .9
2,975.9
3,213.4
3,092.5
3,I,7.9
3,6-.5
3,192.0
2,92-.
3,191.9
3,511.6
3,399.5
3,8,8.0



- -. '.I

3,595.-
3, 193.1
, 30..q9
1,33m. i
,262. )
,,38-.2
,3-3.6
3 79 -

-. '.1.. 1


1-,828.0

12.222.9

1,016. 7
1 060.
1,106.
i,083.6
S,136. 6
1, 3..0D
1,35-. 6
1,320.2
1,351.9

1,201.8
1, -03.'.



Ic 31'4. 7

1,316.7
1,388.9
1,615.6
3,545.8
1,566. 1
1, 70.8
1,915.7
.884..8
1.680 -


3,387.8

2.63 1.1

207.8
233.1
223.9
230.4
261.8
397.9
234.8
248.6
313.0
285.8
418.2
332.5



1.327.6

333.5
258.0
374..4
340.5
320.9
340.2
332.6
329.0
309.7
188.7


tSchedule A section descriptions are as follows:

0. Food and live animals 5. Chemicals and related products, N.S.P.T.
1. Beverages and tobacco 6. Mlinulctured g.,-ds classified chiefly by marteriai
2. Crude materials, inedible, except fuels 7. Flacnin'. r and Iransport equipment
3. Mineral fuels, lubricants, and related material 8. Miscellaneous manufactured articles, N.S.P.F.
4. Oils and fats--animal and vegetable 9. Cnir...ditie and transactiona not classified clse'.here
'Beginning with January 1978 statistics, totals include data on shipments ..r nrmn,.netsry gald. See the Explanation of Stilist,cs for additional
information.
'Adjusted for seasonal and working-day variation. Effective with May 1978 issue revised factors used co adjuat 1977 and 1978 data. See fantnote I
on bottom of page 5. Annual totals are not shown for seasonally adjusted data. Unadju'tea aita should oe usei for annual totals. The adjusted
section totals in this table and similar overall monthly totals in tables 1 and 3 were ,djuut3d independently.








GENERAL IMPORTS OF PETROLEUM AND SELECTED PETROLEUM PRODUCTS INTO
THE U.S. CUSTOMS AREA AND U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS, UNADJUSTED

Monthly and cumulative to-date data on general imports of petroleum and selected petroleum products into the U.S. Customs area
and into the U.S. Virgin Islands for the period January 1977 through the current month are presented in the tables that follow. Tables
1 A and 1 B present imports into the U.S. Customs area and tables 2-A and 2-B present imports into the U.S. Virgin Islands. (It should
be noted that imports into the Virgin Islands are excluded from the regularly compiled foreign trade statistics and, therefore, are ex-
cluded from the data presented in tables 1-A and 1-B as well as the other tables shown in the front of this report.-See "Explanation of
Statistics".

Effective with January 1978 statistics, certain changes were made in the commodity classifications (Schedule A and TSUSA) covering
petroleum products. These changes are reflected in the listing of classifications shown below. Data presented in tables 1-8 and 2-B which
follow have been revised to reflect all changes in classifications, effective January 1978.


Schedule A and TSUSA Commodity Numbers Used in Compiling the Petroleum
Information Presented in This Report


Energy products


Nonenergy products


Schedule A No.

Crude petroleum and deriv-
atives to be refined
333.0020
333.0040
334.3041 pt.


Crude petroleum
333.0020
333.0040

Gasoline
334.1500

Jet fuel
334.1205

Kerosene
334.2000


Distillate fuel oil
334.3021

334.3041 pt.

Residual fuel oil
334.4050
334.4060

Propane and butane gas
341.0025

Liquid derivatives of
petroleum, n.e.s.
334.5430 pt.


TSUSA No.



475.0510
475.1010
475.6510


.75.0510
475.1010


475.2520, 475.2560


{475.2530
475.2550


.75.3000


{475.0525
475.0545
475.1015
475.1025

475.0535
475.1035


Schedule A No.

Lubricating oils
334.5410 pt.

Lubricating greases
334.5410 pt.

Paraffin and other mineral
waxes
335.1225 pt.
335.1245


Asphalt
335.4500

Naphthas
334.5420


All other petroleum products
(pitch of tar coke, non-
liquid hydrocarbon mix-
tures, and calcined petro-
leum and coal coke not for
fuel)
335.3000 pt.
334.5430 pt.
598.5020 pt.


TSUSA No.


475.4500



475.5500, 475.6000


494.2200
494.2400



521.1100



475.3500


401.6200
475.7000
{517.5120
517.5140


475.1525, 475.1535,
475.1545


475.6530




















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