United States foreign trade

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Material Information

Title:
United States foreign trade
Alternate title:
United States foreign trade. FT900, Summary of United States export and import merchandise trade
Portion of title:
Summary of U.S. export and import merchandise trade
Abbreviated Title:
U.S. foreign trade, FT900, Summ. U.S. export import merch. trade
Physical Description:
13 v. : ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of the Census
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census :
For sale by the Subscriber Services Section (Publications), Bureau of the Census
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Creation Date:
July 1978
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Imports -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Exports -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Commerce -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
statistics   ( marcgt )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Issued also to depository libraries in microfiche.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Dec. 1976-
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Ceased in 1988.
General Note:
"FT 900."
General Note:
Description based on: Jan. 1979; title from caption.
General Note:
Beginning with July 1980 for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S.G.P.O.
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: Mar. 1988.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 001320869
notis - AGH1745
oclc - 07222812
lccn - 81646118
issn - 0730-3270
sobekcm - AA00005268_00001
Classification:
ddc - 382/.0973/00212
System ID:
AA00005268:00020

Related Items

Preceded by:
Summary of U.S. export and import merchandise trade
Succeeded by:
U.S. merchandise trade. Seasonally adjusted imports and exports


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text
CS3qw9'TO-7r-7

..__________. _UNITED STATES FOREIGN TRADE



UiV. OF FL U. Summary of U.S. Export and
I UM EMNT:SEU I ImDOm-Mfrchandise Trade


JULY 1978


Seasonally Adjusted ar

(Including unadjusted data on imports of


products)


F.A.S. EXPORTS AND F.A.S. IMPORTS


Seasonally Adjusted

bhae Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce an-
nounced today that during July 1978, exports on a f.a.s.
(free alongside ship) U.S. port of exportation value
bass, excluding Department of Defense (DOD) Military
Assistance Program Grant-Aid shipments, amounted to
$11,792.5 million and that general imports on a f.a.s.
foreign port of exportation value basis, amounted to
$14,779.3 million. 1'

Based on the above export and import figures, the July
merchandise trade balance was in deficit by $2,986.8
million, as compared to the deficit of $1,597.0 million
recorded in June.' 2 3

During the first 7-months of 1978 (January-July)., exports
on a seasonally adjusted basis were at an annual rate of
$133,981 million, a level about 11 percent higher than
the calendar year 1977 total of $121,150 million.
Imports for the January-July 1978 period were at an
annual rate of $167,161 million, an increase of about
13 percent over the calendar year 1977 total of
$147,685 million.

For the 4-month period, April-July 1978, exports averaged
$11,826.7 million per month, abouE 13 percent higher than
the $10,462.0 million average reported for the preceding
4-month period December 1977-March 1978. Imports on a
f.a.s. value basis, averaged $14,247.6 million per month
for the current 4-month period, a level about 6 percent
higher than the $13,498.7 million average reported for
the preceding 4-month period.' 2 3

Unadjusted

Exports excluding Military Assistance Program Grant-Aid
shipments were valued at $10,934.0 million in July, a
decrease from the comparable Eotal for June of $12,477.3
million. With Military Assistance Program Grant-Aid
shipments included, exports decreased from $12,487.3
miillion in June to $10,9-~.7 million in July. General
;imports increased from $14,514.5 million in June to
$14,703.9 million in July.

mote: Footnotes 1, 2, and 3 are shown at the bottom of
page 5.


F.A.S. EXPORTS AND C.I.F. IMPORTS


Seasonally Adjusted
The Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce announced
today that during July 1978, exports on a f.a.s. (free
alongside ship.; U.S. port of exportation value basis,
excluding Department of Defense (DODI Military Assistance
Program Grant-Aid shipments, amounted to $11,792.5 mil-
lion and that general imports on a c.i.f. tcost, intur-
ance, and freight) U.S. port of entry value basis,
amounted to $15.748.2 million.' 3

Based or. the abo'.e export and import figures, the July
merchandise trade balance was in deficit by 13,955.7
million, as compared to the deficit of $2,-81.7 million
recorded in June.'

During the first -months of 197A I Jnuary-Jujl', e\portc
on a seasoniall adjusted basic were at an annual rate of
13J3,Q8[ million, a level about 11 percent higher than
the calendar year 19 total of 121,150 million.
Imports for the January-July 1978 period ,ere at an
annual rate of 1177,932 million, an increase of about
13 percent o.er the calendar year 1977 total of
$157,560 million.

For the --month period, April-July 1978, exports averaged
$11,820.7 million per month, about 13 percent higher than
the $l0,-62.0 million average reported for the preceding
4-month period, December 1977-March 1978. Imports on a
c.i.f. value tasis, averaged $15.171.4 million per month
for the current --month period, a le.'el about t. percent
higher than the $l-,369.4 million average reported for
the preceding --month period.

Unadjusted

Exports excluding Military Assistance Program Grant-Aid
shipments were valued at $10.93-.0 million in July, a
decrease from the comparable total tor June of $12,47;.3
million. With Military Assistance Program Grant-Aid
shipments included, exports decreased from I12,487.3
million in June to $l0,9u-.7 million in July. General
Imports increased from $15,450.2 million in June to
$15,667.9 million in July.


U.S. Department of Commerce
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS


Inquiries concerning these figures should be addressed to the Chief. Foreign Trade Division, Bureau of
the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Tel: Area Code 301. 763-5140; 763-7754; and 763-7755.
For sale by the Subscriber Services Section (Publications), Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C.
20233, or any U.S. Deportment of Commerce district office. Postage stamps not acceptable; currency
submitted at sender's risk. Remittances from foreign countries must be by international money order
or by a draft on a U.S. bank. Price 30 centsper copy. Annual subscription (FT 900,975,985, and 986
combined) $14.90.







EXPLANATION OF STATISTICS


IMPORT STATISTICS


.Coverage.
Coverage .. ,.


The U.S. import statistics reflect both government and
nongovernment imports of merchandise from foreign countries
into the U.S. Customs territory, which includes the 50 States,
the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. The U.S. import
statistics exclude imports into the Virgin Islands, Guam,
American Samoa, and other U.S. possessions: and shipments
between the United States and Puerto Rico, between the United
States and U.S. possessions, and between any.of these outlying
areas. (Data on U.S. trade with Puerto Rico and the Virgin
Islands of the United States are published separately in Report
FT 800. Additional data on such trade and on imports into the
Virgin Islands from foreign countries are presented in reference
tabulations.) Data on imports of petroleum and selected
petroleum products, including shipments into the Virgin Islands
from foreign countries, are included in this report effective with
the January 1976 statistics (previously shown in former Report
FT 900-Supplement).
The U.S. import statistics also exclude American goods re-
turned to the United States by its Armed Forces;intransit ship-
ments through the United States when documented as such
with Customs; temporary shipments; transactions not con-
sidered to be of statistical significance, such as shipments of
personal and household effects; low-valued nondutiable imn-
ports by mail; and issued monetary coins of all component
metals.

Inclusion of Gold in the Statistics

Effective with the statistics for Januar 1978. imports of
nonmonetar) gold (in such forms as ore, scrap and base bullion,
nonmonetary refined bullion, etc.) which were previously
excluded, are now included in the statistics. Imports of silver in
these forms have been included since January 1069. Additional
information regarding the inclusion of gold in the 1978 statistics
appears in the November and December 1977 issues of Report
FT 990.

General Imports/Imports For Consumption

The statistics on U.S. imports are presented in terms of both
"General Imports" and "Imports for Consumption." General
imports are a combination of entries for immediate con-
sumption and entries into Customs bonded warehouses, and
thus generally reflect total arrivals of merchandise. Imports for
consumption are a combination of entries for immediate
consumption and withdrawals from warehouses for con-
sumption, and thus generally reflect the total of the com-
modities entered into U.S. consumption channels.

Source Of Import Information

The official U.S. import statistics are compiled by the Bureau
of the Census from copies of the import entry and warehouse
withdrawal forms which importers are required b) law to file
with Customs officials. The information as to country of origin,
net quantity, value, and commodity classification is verified by
Customs officials on entries filed for transactions valued over
$250, which are ordinarily subject to examination for Customs


appraisement purposes. The statistical copy of the entry
corrected if it does not accurately reflect the informal.
called for by the statistical requirements. H

Import Valuation

F.a.s. Import Value. -The f.a.s. (free alongside ship) v
represents the transaction value of imports at the foreign port
exportation. It is based on the purchase price, i.e., the
transaction value and generally includes all charges incurred
placing the merchandise alongside the carrier at the port
exportation in the country of exportation.

C.i.f. Import Value.-The c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and frei
value represents the value of imports at the first port of entry
the United States. It is based on the purchase priqe and inclu
all freight, insurance, and other charges (excluding U.S. nimp
duties) incurred in bringing the merchandise from the coun
of exportation and generally placing it alongside the carrier
the first port of entry in the United States. If the merchan
was acquired in a transaction between related parties,
purchase price used in deriving the c.i.f. value is based on
arm's-lengith equivalent transaction price, i.e., a price
would exist between unrelated buyers and sellers.

Import Commodity Information

Import data are initially reported in terms of the common
classifications in the Tariff Schedules of the United States
notated (TSUSA), which is an official publication of the U
International Trade Commission, embracing the legal text.
the Tariff Schedules of the United States together with st
tical annotations. The TSUSA data are rearranged and present
in this report in terms of totals for the I-digit common
sections in Schedule A. Statistical Classification of Commodi
Imported Into the United States, which is based upon
Standard International Trade Classification (SITC), Revision:
effective with the statistics for January 1978. Prior to Jan
1978. Schedule A was based upon the former SITC,

Date of Importation and Import Monthly Carryover

It is the objective of the compiling procedures to inc
shipments, insofar as practicable, in the statistics for theac
month of importation (or the month of withdrawal in the
of warehouse withdrawals for consumption). Effective with
January 1978 statistics, the date of importation as reported
the import entries is being used to determine the states
month in which the shipments are included. However,
under the Customs "immediate-delivery" procedures imports
may file the import entry up to 10 workdays after the date
release of the merchandise, some documents for merchan
imported during the last few days of a given month may u
be received in time for inclusion in the statistics for that mointU
As a result, there is a carryover, estimated at about 15 percea,
from the actual month of importation to a subsequent month%
In addition, processing problems (e.g., late filing of document%
rejection of a shipment by the computer because the data fi
to meet certain edit criteria established to protect the accu
of the statistics, etc.) contribute to an additional carryover
about 5 percent (in terms of value) of shipments from the % 61







ported month of importation (or withdrawal from warehouse)
to a subsequent month, usually the succeeding month. These
limitations should be borne in mind when making month-to-
month comparisons.
For 1977 and previous years, the date of Customs official
acceptance of the import documents was used to determine the
statistical month in which the shipments were included. How-
ever, in certain annual publications for 1977 and in 1978 re-
ports which also present 1977 data (e.g., FT 900, FT 990, etc.).
the 1977 data are recompiled on a date of importation basis.

Cumulations of data over at least 4-month periods are desir-
able to identify underlying trends. Month-to-month changes in
imports, exports, and similar series often reflect primarily
irregular movements, e.g., exogenous events such as strikes,
differences in monthly carryover, etc.

Estimated Data for Imports Valued Under $251

The overall import and Schedule A Section 9 totals include
sample estimates for shipments valued under $251. Therefore.
they are subject to sampling error, estimated at less than
one-tenth of one percent for the unadjusted overall total and
about one percent for the unadjusted Schedule A Section 9
total. This means that we can have about 67 percent confidence
that the published unadjusted overall totals and the unadjusted
Schedule A Section 9 totals differ by less than one-tenth of a
percent and one percent, respectively, from the totals that
would have resulted from a complete tabulation. The statistics
on imports of petroleum and petroleum products included in
this report reflect fully compiled data and, therefore, are not
subject to sampling error.

EXPORT STATISTICS
Coverage
The export statistics reflect, in general. both government and
nongovernment exports of domestic and foreign merchandise
from the U.S. Customs territory (includes the 50 States, the
District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico) to foreign countries.
whether the exportation involves a commercial transaction or
not. The statistics, therefore, include Department of Defense
Military Assistance Program Grant-Aid shipments, shipments for
economic assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act and
shipments of agricultural commodities under P.L. 480 (The
Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954. as
amended) and related laws. The following are excluded from the
statistics: Shipments to U.S. Armed Forces and diplomatic
missions abroad for their own use, shipments between the
United States and Puerto Rico, between the United States and
its possessions (including the Virgin Islands). and between these
outlying areas; exports from U.S. possessions: intransit ship-
ments through the United States; transactions not considered to
be of statistical importance, such as personal and household
effects; temporary exports: low-valued or non-commercial
exports by mail; and issued monetary coins of all component
metals.

Inclusion of Gold in the Statistics.

As indicated above for imports, effective with the statistics
for January 1978, exports of nonmonetary gold (in such forms
as ore, scrap and base bullion, nonmonetary refined bullion,
etc.) which were previously excluded, are included in the


statistics. Exports of silver in these forms have been included
since Januar. 1969. Additional information regarding the
inclusion of gold in the 1978 statistics appearsin the November
and December 1977 issues of Report FT 990.

Definition of Exports of Domestic and Foreign Merchandise

Exports of domestic merchandise include commodities which
are grown, produced, or manufactured in the UnitedStates, and
commodities of foreign origin which have been changed in the
United States from the form in which they were imported, or
which have been enhanced in value by further manufacture in
the United States. Exports of foreign merchandise consist of
commodities of foreign origin which have entered the United
States as imports and which, at the time of exportation, are in
substantially the same condition as when imported.

Source of Export Information

The official U.S. export statistics are compiled by the Bureau
of the Census primarily from copies of Shipper's Export
Declarations which are required to be filed with Customs
officials, except for Department of Defense Military Assistance
Program Grant-Aid shipments which are reported directly to the
Bureau of the Census by the Department of Defense and
shipments by qualified exporters who have been authorized to
submit data in the form of magnetic tape. punched cards, or
monthly Shipper's Summary Export Declarations directly to
the Bureau of the Census.

Export Valuation
F.a.s. Export Value. --The value reported in the export statistics
generally is equivalent to a f.a.s. (free alongside ship) value at
the U.S. port of export, based on the transaction price,
including inland freight, insurance and other charges incurred in
placing the merchandise alongside the carrier at the U.S. port of
exportation.

Export Commodity Information
Beginning January 1978, export commodity information
is collected in terms of the commodity classifications in the
1978 edition of Schedule B, Statistical Classification of Do-
mestic and Foreign Commodities Exported from the United
States, which is based on the framework of the classification
system in the Tariff Schedules of the United States (TSUS).
In this report, the Schedule B data are rearranged and presented
in terms of totals for the 1-digit commodity sectionsin Schedule
E, which is based upon the Standard International Trade Classi-
fication (SITC), Revision 2, effective with the statistics for
January 1978. Prior to January 1978, the export classifications
in Schedule B were based upon the organizational framework
of the former SITC, Revised.

Export Monthly Carryover
It is the objective of the compiling procedures to include
shipments, insofar as practicable, in the statistics for the actual
month of exportation. For purposes of the statistics, the month
of exportation is generally based on the date when the shipment
leaves the United States. (For vessel or air shipments it is the
date when the carrier departs or is cleared from the port of
export.) However, as indicated above for imports, because of








processing problems (e.g., late receipt of a document for an
end-of-month shipment, rejection of a shipment by the com-
puter because the data fail to meet certain edit criteria
established to protect the accuracy of the statistics, etc.), there
is an overall average carryover of about 2 to 3 percent (in terms
of value) of the shipments from the actual month of exporta-
tion to a subsequent month, usually the succeeding month.
These limitations should be borne in mind when making
month-to-month comparisons.
Cumulations of data over at least 4-month periods are
desirable to identify underlying trends Month-to-month
changes in imports, exports, and similar series often reflect
primarily irregular movements, differences in monthly
carryover, etc.

Estimated Data for Export Shipments

The overall export and Schedule B section and division totals
include sample estimates for shipments valued $251-$1,909 to
Canada and for shipments valued S251-$999 to countries other
than Canada Data for shipments valued $250 and under to all
countries are also estimated, based on established percentages of
individual country totals, and included in the Schedule B
Section 9 totals regardless of the commodity exported. It is
estimated that the unadjusted overall total is subject to a
sampling error of less than one-tenth of one percent, and the
unadjusted Schedule B section or division totals are subject to
sampling errors of about one percent. In addition, the Schedule
B Section 9 total is subject to possible error in the estimated
data for shipments valued $250 and under, and the overall total.
and the individual totals for sections other than Section 9, to a
more limited extent. Such $250 and under shipments represent
about 1 percent of the total value of exports, and about 60
percent of the Schedule B Section 9 total.

SOURCES OF ERROR IN THE STATISTICS

Monthly import and export figures are subject to the
possibility of errors which may arise from sources other than
sampling errors, discussed above. Among these are errors in the
reporting and/or processing of information as to commodity)
classification, value and other statistical factors, month of
inclusion (see paragraphs on import and export carryover,
above), and the undercounting of exports to Canada due to the
non-receipt of Shipper's Export Declarations. For 1976, the
undercounting amounted to about one and one-half billion
dollars. In the case of imports the information as to value and
commodity classification (as well as country of origin and net
quantity) is verified by Customs officials on entries riled for
transactions valued over $250 which are ordinarily subject to
examination for Customs appraisement purposes, thus con-
siderably reducing the possibility of error. In addition, the
procedures used to compile both the import and export sta-
tistics include clerical and computer processing checks designed


to protect the accuracy of the statistics to the fullest practicable
extent.

MERCHANDISE TRADE BALANCES

Two trade balances are presented in this report:
1) The balance between exports based on f.a.s. values and-
imports based on f.a.s. values.
2) The balance between exports based on f.a.s. values and
imports based on c.i.f. values with adjustments for imports from
affiliated sellers abroad to reflect arms-length equivalent prices.
Both balances are useful for certain purposes. The first
balance corresponds to a measurement of the international
payments or credit flows resulting from merchandise trade
between the U.S. and foreign countries. The second balance is
based on concepts similar to those used by most foreign
countries, and therefore provides a reference for comparison
with the trade balances published by those countries.


REVISIONS TO THE STATISTICS

Under the revision policy adopted effective with the 1977
statistics, revisions to the monthly statistics for the current year
will be issued only once a year, i.e., with the reports for June
of the following year. Thus, revisions to 1977 statistics will be
issued only in June 1978. Under the policy previously in effect,
revisions were issued twice a year-the current year's June re-
ports contained revisions for the prior year while the December
reports usually contained revisions for the first three quarters J
of the urirent year.
In addition to the revisions which are made on a once a year
basis, instances may occur where a significant error in the
statistics for a month of the current year is discovered after the
statistics for that month are compiled If the error is of
sufficient importance to require correction prior to the time
that the regular revisions are carried, the correction is made and
so noted in this report.


SOURCES OF FURTHER INFORMATION

Additional foreign trade statistics and information regarding
coverage, valuation, sampling, and qualifications which should
be considered by users of the statistics are contained primarily
in the following publications. Report FT 990, Highlights of U.S.
Export and Import Trade; FT 135. U.S. General Imports,
Schedule A Commodity by Country; FT 410, U.S. Exports,
Schedule E Commodity by Country, and the Guide to Foreign
Trade Statistics. Information regarding additional sources of
statistics, the methodology used in seasonally adjusting the data,
and other matters relating to foreign trade statistics may be
obtained from the Foreign Trade Division, Bureau of the
Census, Washington, D.C. 20233.








5


Table 1. U.S. Exports (f.a.s. Value Basis), General Imports (f.a.s. and c.i.f. Value Basis), and Merchandise

Trade Balance, Adjusted for Seasonal and Working-Day Variation, by Month: January 1977

to July 1978

(In millions of dollars. See Explanation of Statfltic. for itrloraataon on coverage, dsate of importation. aeliritior-n ot export .nd import alue.': and
trade balances, and sources of error in the data)


Per iod


January... uly..............................

anFebruary......................... ........
February.................................
MA rcb....................................
April ....................................
May ......................................
June.....................................

July .....................................
Aupust ...................................
September ................................
October..................................
November.................................
December.................................

1978

January-July..................... .......

January..................................
February.................................
March....................................
Aprzl ...................................
May......................................
June.....................................

July.....................................
August ...................................
Septenrbe r ...............................
October.. ...............................
November r.................................
December.................................


F.a.s. Exports and i.a. ". iExport.= I !


E export .


"l.6,9. 7

9.6 o0.
9,89".,
10. lr,-.2
9,9L0.0
10,i_8.t,
1C,. 0900.

10. 372.3
9,n83 2
11,038.6
9.357.-.
9..77.9
10,999.0,






10, 01.. 3
9,922.-
10,912. l
11.63-.9
11 ,753.
12 1)5.

i I ,7 .


__________ __________ 1*


Import


1.,--i3.
1.,61. "_. -
12. -2'.2
11, 9'.'
11,. 1o9.5
13,33-..3

i,-8:).-
12.101.. -
12,.-1.6
12.': r.

132... ..i .


1 ,j .. t



12.330.9
1-.a, '.
13 6s9.3

13, 9''2. I
13, 22.

i-, ",.. ]


Trade
Lii Inc.


- 213. '1 ;.


-2.261.0
-1 8,-.
-6- ''.
-3, -. .".

-2. 110.'
-2..18.2
-1.903.0
-3,229.5




-2. 3926.
.- ,-. 5 ..'.




-2. )6.(.
--, li1.8
-2, '8 .2
- L.6 .t I
-2,238..-
- i,59 ..

-..'l r.6


F.a. Lxport- anl c i.. import I


I.",Dort= Tr .,
]nmoori fred
oa I amr,:-




a. ^--.9. I' .26B..


Li, i 'a 8 l,'0 .3
13,-r. 7 -3. ;u.
13,2j8.9 -3,u' '
LZ i -. j '3-.
.11,925.0 1, 3' a6.
t., 232., -.. Li .9

13,338.0 -. ,9 6.3
12.3. ".0 -3, l3..
l].il3. 1 ,' ..
li .-31.5 --.0-...
l3,202.: -3,.2-.
1-., 3e 9.r -j. 3'0.6


E port -


u, t0. 9.

4. hrn. ",
9 39 ;.',
i0, 16.2
9,9-u.,'
ii'. 528.6
lu ,',9u.t

i'', J 3
9,583.
.L ,03 B..,
<*,3i"..-
i 99. '.,'







1L'. 0'1-. ]
s.C?...
10.912. i
11.i3..9.
11,,75:s.
12.125.?

t'.':.


L' ) ..
'l 3 l ,. ,
'3, in?.''
s,.381.3
1, .,69.< *


1- D, -. -
1., s.
[,. a,,to.


I;,. .1._


- ,.-3 .'.8
-3,t-2.

-3 nj'.5
-3.80'0.
- 3, l.. .
-2,-61.

- 3 ,. ,


export deta represent .0orue'tic nda foreicrin uercnarnaile excLam-se separtennt oi Cel-ri,. iDOrs Miui ary 5.1.r' mrnc Proeraiu Lrare[-,a shipment .
Import data represenr general mroorr Ifi merchandm-e.
'Beginning -1th the January S1978 ieue oI rhri report. port and ind port tomtp l and trado balrnces i onlne -.'r :.r. n ip.T nr' ,*. r.c.rar-o.etnr gooa in
the form or ores. concentraTe., uaste, scrap. and retineo bullion. ce 'Expianai[ionr oi S[tatisriC for tditii.ral irn"oreariron.
'AdJusted or seasonal ana ..orkinn-day varitionn .inir iaojudtent factor' s aes.crsrea in oorrnote I .t tcto :if rnim pige.


'Export and import stEarsl.cal series are adjusted or seasonal and o'k.ng-day .ar.tion Dut not Cor chan.e. .n Dr.ce leel Factors aJ a o Ia .u='l 1977 and 1978 data reDo ier.I th. CO'nDe.r.ton of
seasonal adjustment factor derived irom monthly data tnrougn 1977 and the eporopr.Th nor.ngq-dla factors ThesE lfaCtort ere nirr.le.r.ented ih:r [5h adi.J;t. rt oa nIDOrT daoa wIsi ir.e release ol the
January 1978 statistics. and or the adjustment ol I.T.Dort oata sith tne Apr.I 1978 taitei'c;. In *.aJes oi I.n report for Januar, fr.raugr. Mtrer. 19' r 1 .. 9''? .r.ort data wnrf .diusid bE 1.ctaor! aor.ved
from monthly data through 1976 Interim factors, derived fom monnthi, dara through. 1977. iere useoa to aourt Jar.uar, Merch 1978 .moort lat
'Cumulations ol data over at least 4-montr. Doer.od aie de.rabla To .der.t.vp underln.ng trend'. Monlh to-month enari.ge ,n esoorti .moirs. end irn.ial =.r.iE: Often retCT Drimari ..T.rrfgular m.ove-
menits. dtterences ,n monthly carr ovee. etc Accent mnontnto-mnorth prerca.t chanqen sn he overall snasonari, adiulcd eNDorI and irnoart :er.e; ire prvser.ted ,r. n. folloi.snq tabLe rli a.'irOJE percent
monthtoff1onti rise and dect.ne ower longer perloot tr.otn for compar.:on The average rn ind anehbrag decline figure. o'1 ra o e.Il-cot acla on nonmonettr, 901d Tr,e e.era.e dalro enciudi D.rcr.tage
changer for Ill he period October Decemtr 1977 becau of1 abnorrral.t.e; i.n Ine a3d due Ito itects o' dock troc .t: ar, Id121d er.ord: r.er. negi..I cr.angqe I'crc. prcenti .n Trr.e levl o' sponl:'.mports
occurred. PErcentage change! for f a and ci 1. Ioipont flue: dare not a.iaDi lor Dr iod.pr0or 10 Januar, 1974

Montn-to-mTiontn Averaee monthly rates of change


A erage A'.er3ge months 12 months
Series June-July May-June Apr.-May Mar.-Apr. rise decline Mar. L978- July L977-

1978 1978 1978 1978 1972-1977 1972-1977 July 1978 iJuly 197;8
(Percent) (Percent) (Percent) (Percent) Percent) (Percent) (Percent) (Percent



F.a.s. export value.. -2.7 +3.2 +L.O +6.6 *3.6 -3.7 .2.0 .1.5
F.a.s. import value.. n7,7 -1.9 -3.5 +3.9 (NA) (NA) ".:.' .[.,
C.i.f. import value.. .7.8 -1.9 -3.5 +*..0 (NA) (NA) ,2.1 sl.t


'See the 'Explanaimn of StatislIcs" fo definIo;rii of Ihe export and import values and trade balances










Table 2. U.S. Exports (f.a.s. Value Basis) of Merchandise Showing Department of Defense (DOD)

Military Assistance Program Grant-Aid Shipments, by Month: January 1977 to July 1978


(In millions of dollars. See Explanation of Statistics for Information on coverage, definition of f.a.s. export value, and sources of error in
the data. Unadjusted totals represent sum of unrounded figures and hence may vary slightly from sum of rounded amounts)

Exports excluding DOD Exports Including
Grant-Aid1 DOD Grant-Aid' DOD Grant-sAId-


Perlon DmestIc Domestic Domestic
fore ad Domestic, and DomestIc, Western Other
seasonal fore ign, unadjusted foreign, unadjusted Europe countries
d ousted unadjusted unadjusted


1977

Januar-Oic.ciber ..................... i -' 121,150.- 118,9.3.7 121.212.3 119,005.5 61.9 3.1 58.7

January-Juiy................... ..... 70,659. 7 71. 157.6 69,903.7 71,204.1L 69.950.2 46.5 1.3 45.2

January................................ 9,b6b.5 9.12-0.3 8,961.9 9, 137.0 8.978.6 16.8 0.1 16.6
Feoruar ............ ............. .. 9.89'.5 9,..69.9 9,337.0 9,474.9 9.342.0 5.0 0.3 4.7
Marcn...................... .......... u. 16.. Ll. 0 0.5 10,85...2 11,058.3 10.862.0 7.8 0.3 7.5
April....... ....................... 9.930.0 10.528.4 10.330.5 10. 33.9 10.336.1 5.6 0.1 5,5
vay. .................................. 10, 5328. 10.969.7 10, 77.4 10,974.8 10. 782.5 5.1 0.3 4.8
June..... ........................... 10.090.6 10 2;9.3 10,064. 7 10.282 4 10,06L.7 3.1 0.1 3.0

July............ .................... LO. 3 2.3 9. 739.b 9. 78.1 9, 7.2.8 9.581.3 3.2 0. L 3.1
Au.gut. .. ....................... 9..83.2 8.98. 1 8,806.2 8,987.1 8.809.1 2.9 0.4 2.6
September.. .......................... 11,038.6 10. 367.5 L0. 153.9 10. 37i. I 10, 157.5 3.6 0.2 3.4
2crc ber.............................. 9 357.. ),554.8 9, 3ol.8 9.557.. 9, 36.e.. 2.6 0.2 2.4
November............................. 9.. 77.9 9,n90 2 9.520.- 9,692.6 9.522.8 2.5 0.3 2.2
neceoer ...... ..... .................. 10.99l 0 11,396.1 11.197. 11,399.9 11.201.5 3.8 0.8 2.9

1978

J inuary-July.......................... ;8,. 1 5.r, ;d,a :? .6(. i .501 .9 78,c'61 7 7,555.. 5 3.5 7 .9 35.7

J ir.ar,........ .. ................... 10.014.3 9. 3,4.4 9,214. 9,366.9 9,216.6 2.5 0.5 2.1
Februar- ... ......................... .. .9,122.. 9.51-.6, 9.337.8 9.518.5 9, .3 1.7 3.9 1.3 2.1
Arch ................................ 10.912.1 L2.07. 2 11,830. 12, 019.4 11.835.8 5.2 0.5 4.8
April ................................. 11.63..9 L2,UBO .2 11,85. L 12,069.7 11.859.6 5.4 0.7 4.8
%lay.................................. 11. 753.7 12, '78.9 12,234.3 L2, '49.-.) 12,250.0 15.7 1.0 14.1
Juny..... ........................... 12.125.7 12.477.3 12,261.7 12,48 3 12.271.7 10. 1 6.5 3.5

Jul y.. .............................. .. 1 1, 7 '. .. I .9j..0u OI 70 .- 10.9- .. ; 10,780.0 10.b 7.4 3.2
August ...............................
September ............................
tc ober..............................
N-vember.............................
'e c eTbe r .................. ..........


'Beginning with January 1978 statistics, totals include data on shipments of nonmonetary gold. See Explanation of Statistics" for additional in-
formation.
Represents only export shipments from the United States and differs from DOD Military Assistance Programu Grant-Aid shipment figures under this
program as follows: (a) Transfers of the material procured outside the United States and Transfers from DOD overseas stocks from export shipments.
(W) Export value is f.a.s., whereas DOD value, in most instances, is f.o.b., point of origin. (c) Da-a for shipments reported by the DOD for a
given month are included in Bureau of Census reports in the second month subsequent to the month reported by the DOD.
3Adjusted for seasonal and working-day variation. See footnote 1 on bottom of page 5.
4Annual total is not shown for seasonally adjusted data. Unadjusted data should be used for annual totals.










Table 3. U.S. Imports of Merchandise, by Month: January 1977 to July 1978

(In millions of dollars. See Explanation of Statistics for information on coverage, date of importation, definitions of f.a.E. and c.I.T. import
values, and sources of error in the data. Unaujusted totals represent sum of unrounded figures ana hence may vr) -:lightl from sum of rounded
amounts)


F.a.'. value' C.I.f. value1

Perieneral import Imports General imports
Per loo Imports tIiport-
for for
Seasonally Unduon-:umpnLi on. Seaonall y consuliption,
adjus lea unadju ted adjusted' unadju.ted


1971

January-December ......................... ) lj L 8 .'3 l 1,.5., 'I i r,'' 3 L ;793.6

January-July............................. 8-.. 65.2 85,0 56 5 .. ibc. L 89,-...3 70 .7 90.278.6

January.................................. 10.4.-3.9 10, b 3.- LO.605.9 11. L09. 11. 383.1 11..08.4
February......................... ........ 12. 012.7 11,593.6 11. 525.0 13. -,2.2 12. 3;. 12,30-.4
Iarch.................................... 12.'.2.. 2 13, I.2.3 13,Ob .9 13,238.9 iL., 'J4.1 13.926.1
April.................................... 11. 797.7 11.934.6 11. 4 2.3 12. j'7.3 12. 723.2 12,b38.7
May...................................... 11, b9.5 11 .257.7 i1.1'7o..- i 1.'i t.O 12, 01 .2 11,630.9
June..................................... 13, 334.3 i1,0 .... 1., ]. 1-. 232.3 -., 92. L-. 9'8.9

July..................................... 12.s 82.9 l1. 30.5 i .2.3. .9 13. 338. 13.282.r, 13. 90.9
August................................... [2. 10.. L2..10L.. I. -.. 2.0 0. 12.897.,0 L2,83o0.- 12-.82Q.
September................................ L2.,9 l.6 2:',.52.. 12,328." 13,813.1 L3, 291.) 13. b2.6
October .................................. 12,586.9 12. .97. 12. 568. 3 13. 31.5 13 336.1 13., 1.8
November................................. .L2 b.06.6 12,270.1 12.283. 13.202.5 13.057.3 L3.072.4
December ................................. 13,47-.2 13,372.0 13. 10 8.1 I 3 l...260'... i.. 0.2

L978

January-July........ ..... ... ..... .''. ..c .- : 9 4 .. .'' I'- .olt..

January .................................. 12.380.' 12, 'L7.7 12.o'. l. 1 13, 1 '.0 I L3 1:. -..4 13 39 7.7
February.... ....................... .. 0.2 13.28B.- 13. 31o.. 1 381.3 L-, 152.3 L. .180.2
March.................................... 13. 699.3 1.. 47.3 I.... 56 L-. 69.6 15 -. L.5 15..92.4
April.................................... 1-. .-96.1 14 ..6.0 1..-10.- 15. 3 .1 i' ..25.0 15. 3.5.0
May...................................... 13.992.1 14, 199.2 1..005.9 l .89 2 15. 1-.b 14.97-.8
June.. ... .................. i7. .7 l..51&.5 L...-35. L..1.. 16.- 50.2 15, 3o8.4

July..................................... l. ',"7 .3 l., 6V,' l I -,.2 .3 .'' L .
August ...................................
September................................
October..................................
November.................................
December.................................


IBleginnlng with January 1978 statietics, tr.rals include aita *in suspmiEntE of noriarsnet ary Fold. "e iEMr fnplanation u[ o r ;ticaca for jdaitr.i1l
infor iat1ion.
'Adjusted for seiaonil and n'orking-da3y %rti.tion. e .:.otnote oan the bor.tcm ot paire .
1Annual total Is not sho-n for se-aonalli oajuited data. Lr., dju-te.] data rhoula be used for arriual totals.







8

Table 4. U.S. Exports (f.a.s. Value Basis) of Domestic Merchandise, Including Department of Defense

(DOD) Military Assistance Program Grant-Aid Shipments-Schedule E Sections, Seasonally

Adjusted and Unadjusted, by Month: January 1977 to July 1978

lIn millions of dollars. See Explanation of Statistics lur information on coverage, neflr.itton of f.a.3. export value, and sources of error
in the data. Iriaaojuated totals represent Esu of unrounded figures and hence nay vary slightly fram sua of rounded amounts)

Schedule E secttnlui

Perion
0 1 2' 3 & 5 6 ? 8 9'


Seasonally adILatied'




Januarf-jul, .......... ...... 8. .2.8 1I04..2 7.982.3 ."-... 7-.2.. o.292.o 6,..19. 28. 'l.1 46,674.7 2,434.0

Janu'.. ......... 1.085. 3 155.9 1.071.2 265.0 71.5 876.3 907.5 ..,093.0 645.1 379.6
Fr-ruar .. ..... .. .. .. 1.19.1 150. 53.9 32..2 93.5 9g 7.5 9.1.1 3,989.6 661.8 315.3
March ... ....... ........... 1.2.6.1 162.6 1.088.6 121.9 11i.4 886.9 929.7 ..129.8 665.2 320.1
April ............. .. ... 1.210.3 L22.1 1.1 .3 32..2 IIl.3 859.1 918.3 .-056.3 638.2 242.3
M ... .............. .. .. 1.312.1 1-'. 1.2-:.: 193.8 Lib.? 878.1 926. .. 238.6 67-.8 367.5
June...... ... ...... .. ..... 1.208..4 1i7.n 1.12:3. 373.i 111.9 912.1 918.5 ..097. 692.0 301.1
.uly .. .. ............... .1,21.6 188.4 1.11.t, 18.8 122.2 932.6 88 .9 4,10a. 7 697.6 508.1
..,-s t ....... .. ...... 1. L'2.1 18.8 8:U .1 309.3 127.7 86-.9 863.6 .,065.5 b6 4.9 378.9
S'pt.emhbe ........ ........... i, 1. .. 193.9 1.02 .1 393.2 110.2 L. 102.3 1.025.6 4.632.2 758.0 265.5
c tober .. ................. .. 963.. 59.7 1.023 3 338.o 10..0 718.3 '..1.0 -..096.5 660.8 529.2
s.er.bEr .............. .... 1.020... i1-. 1.iJni D 338.1 123.1 788.9 832 0 ..050.4 710.1 317.4
[Ecember......... .... ...... I 25U.6 221.6 1.081.2 307.9 101.6 989.9 982 0 '. '21.5 769.5 4.00.7



jianu-r -.iu y .......... ...... lu. '-. 1 ,; 9. d.1.-... I ,9lr. 632. 76).2 6,602.2 32.1-i .9 .54..9 2.03.b

ra... ........... .... .. 1 153.5 127.9 1 071.2 :3'.. 100... 873.0 887.6 u,2 2.3 236.3 ..4. 7
rebruar- ......... .. .. .. 1. 32. 16.3 010.8 172.2 98.' 919.0 896.8 .U123.3 735.2 266.9
search ... ..... .... .. .-.'J 20.1 1 183.6 131. 962.' 969.8 ..44'2. '69.9 387.7
April .............. .. ..... L... i..8 157.7 1. .9 267.9 i....1l 978. 1 969.5 4, 62.6 8l3b.2 472.8
May........................... 1.732 7 16...? L.339.1 331.L I ll.1) 90.1 1,038.1 4.699.6 850.1 300.8
June ........................ 1 96.- 11 .?7 ,..',0) 1 39D.t, 133.7 1,009.9 1.038.J .,89 -.1 808.7 358.4
July.......................... I .n ., I0-.9 I.IC ..o : .- 11) I .u80.-. ,u.;',. -.0,3.3 9u9.5 352.3
August ............ .........
September.....................
October....................
November..............
December....................

Unad jUted


1977r

January-December............. 14,115.7 1,846.8 13,086.3 .. i3.'. 1.308.' t..L812.3 10,657.0 50 2.'.6 8.233.9 &.313.6

January-July.................. 8,252.5 997.1 8,189.3 2 ..,3.7 773.6 6.156.1 t 076.0 29.320.- ,2732.8 2.446.5

January...................... 1,078.8 166.3 1,055.1 iL'.6 ;5.1 81 .t, 839.5 3,761.: 590.3 376.9
FPebruary..................... 1,116.6 133.7 1,210.4 2n8.0 91.9 1LO.5 891.2 3.618.0 620.8 280.9
March......................... 1,289.9 157.2 1,257.3 2'-i. 132.2 943.i 1.002.- ., 7j5.2 733.0 299.6
April......................... 1,223.6 112.0 1,332.2 3,7.b 102.8 900.1 967.. ,3-8.4 682.2 210.2
May........................... 1,234.7 128.8 1,325.4 .32..- 125.2 922.9 972.7 &.577.7 698.1. 368.2
June.......................... 1,148.0 142.5 1,071.8 39'). l I")0.1 17.b 9.9.0 -.,e6. 0 72-4. 335.1
July.......................... 1,165.1 156.6 937.1 398.4 126.2 9.5 .i 85..2 1 7'8.7 683.6 5L5.7
August ........................ 1,137.1 155.6 720.5 33.7 102.8 878.7 831.6 1.b22.. 51.3 375.5
September..................... 1,247.6 201.8 822.7 .01.8 ls. .i ... 0..9 1.014.3 .,303.4 74...-. 250.9
October ....................... 987.5 67.3 1.0-2. 7 36'.u 98.1 717.2 72.2.5 -. L17.9 670.7 493.7
November...................... 1,142.9 142.4 1,131., 312.1 112.j 736.0 815.4 .. ,7,. 7 692.9 312.3
December...................... 1,348.2 282.6 1,179.6 31,.3 116. 0 1.03'.. 97'.j -.,768.7 141.8 434.8

1978

January-July.................. 10,304.5 1,110.6 8,652.2 .?B".,, d?. .B.0 7 ..87.1 j2.7.u0.. .,x:".I1 2.632.1

January....................... 1,132.7 138.0 1,049.8 188 a 9+.0 83".2 829.9 3,852.0 a65.6 433.6
February....................... 1,271.5 168.0 1,063.4 1.1.... 1i. 883.2 8-8.. 3,91..9 B89.6 237.5
March......................... 1,465.7 213.6 1,337.5 Lt,.2 1.1.5 1.'031.1 1.061.' .1-... 87B.5 390.4
April......................... 1,472.8 144.3 1,388.6 28-.5. 9.i.'. 9'1.I 988.7 5.098.2 854.x 511.1
May........................... 1,684.2 143.6 1,466.5 343.6 19 3 1,018.' 1I,100.- 5.132.2 908.8 312.8
June........................... 1,737.1 141.5 1,353.9 ..-..-' 132.1 L,0 3.-. 1.092.2 5 075.2 851.2 395.0
July.......................... 1,540.6 161.6 992.5 J.i. I ). i .J" .. .,6.- .6 ?'.14 351.6
August ......................
September.....................
October.......................
November......................
December......................

1Schedule E section a-s.r ,-.r, are as follows:
0. Food and live ar,...,,I Lr..- .c ..-3 re atI d pr- L -t 1 .. .F.
1. Beverages and tobacco 0. Marntfact ureo 0oon clasaif.st cri fL3 b) matertil
2. Crude materials, inedible, except fuels '. ua.rnrer ar.,, trri,-port eq9ilpn.nt
3. Mineral fuels, lubricants, and related material 8. Miscel.iacou -ian.-lactur.d .r'tiLes, r'.p...I.
4. Oils and ats--animal and vegetable 9. CotaruiTt1 ar.a trr.srcn tons not Cla;sified i e.hene
'Beginning with January 1978 statistics, totals include data on :r, a.,..-.,-r ot 1.:.roncrnrs a-.ti. se- the Eholan.ticn 3f Stittstic. for additional
information.
3Adjusted for seasonal and working-day variation. See footnote I :r. the ottias of pac 5. Arnual total are not ao'or. for seasonally adjusted
data. Unali.: teI. 1l4a i i.-,..1. be used for annual totals. The sectifr. in 'h 1ini-t an.1 tntlar overall .-E.thly [-tals in tables I and 2 mere
adjusted jr nlp-en nl
r1977 data on this table revised effective with July 1978 stati. .- .: ,,'.'"'l. ,r p ar.r.,p -.,r hn, Eaplan..,ns. ',t -'t'tt
section on page 4.










Table 5. U.S. General Imports (f.a.s. Value Basis) of Merchandise, Schedule A Sections, Seasonally

Adjusted and Unadjusted, by Month: January 1977 to July 1978

IIn .lI1ito, of onllar,. See EWplinallon of Statastic_ for Infor-.ation on co.erage. oa0e oi lmportat:r.. deiallion oi i.a.s. Import ialu, ..ia
-ource. Gf error in the data. Unaanbeted totals repre-.en mu.. Of urroardea [fgurea a mar.a nce v.ca .ar) slightly Ifr m sur. of raunaed amotountI


3.chea.lIe A -ectionn'
Per toIa
0 1 2' 7 6 769


Seasonally adjusted'


IQ77

Jnuart -July ................. 702.2 928.6 1,.l o,2. .- 28. 2 6 1i2 6i 'L L1.5 L. 'i..

January.............. .......... W.89.2 USl ... 583.3 .3 2. S .l 3-.L1 L.- 8.'1 'L28."' I :a.9
Fe r ary ........................ L a .- 39.' ''. i 13.6 .' -.t -3L'. -.'l.. 3.0-1.r Li-.. 2I0.
March........................... 1.,[03.0 1i .3 8''.o -.3 2.6 J .1 -.. ..86 1,l a t 31 3 '. L.u'.. t.
Aprn .......................... .1,26 .0 128.2 6 .1 3.1 3 .0 -1 .] 1. .8L. 2. 3 h 1. 3.5 252..
May... ......................... 20. .'). o' b 3. 120., .... -.o- 1, l. J1, 130.3 5
June............... ........... 13-.i. .o. 33 ..i .;7. 3 6.1 1.2 -I3 1 .a 1.68. .7 207. 3'1.al
July............... ......... ... .J'.2 1'.2 o'" .. 3 1 6 .- .1.1 -'n. I 1. 60 3. lo.. 1 ..! 2L-.6
August ....... ............. .. 98.3 13 .l '79 l. i. I s .. ),1.3.8 -o.2
September .......... ......... .. 2'.' .r "1 ''.3 3.B1'.0 ,08 .9I.3. 3;. a I.n l j. 30-.7
October...................... L.8:3.1 l .t 75 .8 1,6'. 9 '2 .3 3.1.6 a1.6'I. 3 .s .ll l. ..J0 'I 5
November............. .......... "66.. i97.6 "9. 3 981.o 39.. 30;i 1.688.' 3 0 O .. i55. 31l.j
Deceibere ....................... i 233.3 i 8 8 8 5 13 l.. -i.3 ..r. 8 l, ., -. o .. I 30r'.. i 1.9

l978

January-July............6. ....a. .6 .* ,. ,I'. .'' c. a!.. J.' j '.1ev.- ;...<.r' '1- e .' i .4

January...... .. .. .... .. 1. 1. .7 13..' 8... 3. 18.3 1 6.6 1. 2, 3. 1 3. 1. c.' 3-..0
Februa .ry ... .. .... a6.r 18 1 .' 1 j, 31. 1' 5i.' 1 11..h 3 1a .1' I u .o n 16-.
March................... .... ... 1.2 .2.2 l'.'. ,61 o 1l'.. -. ; I doLl 3, B 2 ". j 380 .2
April .................... ... .. 1 5..., ?15.3 I 0.3 3.3' -1.. 1 a l.. 3 797 .. a..'no.i. 3 ..9.L
May. ............ ... ...... ... l.i 18 .7 81 7... 0.. 1. .3 2 a 3 18' 3 I l. 318. 5
June..... ..... ... ......... .. 938.9 19 .' I 78. .-. O.0 -O., ,27. .,ot .' 3,.ta. 2 a, L.U 31).
July. .... .. ... ..... .. ... 1,a30.3 o .2 '- .... .i .
Aug.at ... ........
Septeober................ .
October.............. .... .
Novetibber. ... ........ .
December .. .. ...........


.. = r ed




January-Dec ember............... 12.!.6 1 669... 8. 86 .2 ....237 2 530.' ..o .. 1.3 ', 0 3]n,-0..' 11.6 4.. 3. 3.1 0

January-July....... ... .. '. 740. 21.', -, 73o.S J2 .-. 326. V2.5 1 1.6- ... i l.. 1 .3.- 1.'60.8

January.......... ... ........ 71... I1a0. I -99. 3. 21... ,r.. 37..' 1-28." *.- 3.j -* u- 2
Feor"a ry.... .............. ... L.a 97 6 122.. 9B.S. 3.oit.. -0.. 38 .. I. v 11-.. .1r .1 2l .6
March ........................ ... i 1...1 1. .. 38.') W.. 85. 38 i34. a 1 l31 7 2'.3
April...................... ... ,31..3 121.? b52.b 3.511 .9 36.5 -61.5 I 1a ..6'. 1.8JI'9.0 !do.8
May............................ a, [2.2. 1 ..1.0 oht.6 2."'72.8 -2.a1 -a. '1, 61 2 .6. a Jan'.; '.3
June............ .............. ..8 1 83 .1 -,''. "u.o : u 1 3 .
July.......................... 98 .3 111. 7,-. 3.911.3 .13 -99.. A.. I 9)>4 I.. 2 ".
Au t.... ................. .. .8 162.3 7'1.3 b ... i2.t 1. .5 2 'i.j 31 2 2 .2
Septe ber ............ ........ 3 7 162 0 ''5.. .1 o'2 01. I .37. 3r48.4
October. .. ... 13 .8 731 ],63-.v9 24.. 3-a. 1 tO 3'1.. l 3-1.1 Au. i
Naloe ber.. . .. .. l. 7 .2 3. 2. 3' 31 l .. 1 '*. 3 140. 1 L .9 -
December . .. .. I, 2Q..o l 9. 8 181.2 13.0 1.1 2. 1 .r, 3. 3. 1. 32'.2



January-July .... .. .. .'. 1 .. .11.'.. 3 l .. a 1. "1 2%

January .. .. l126. Q 138. 1 6i ... 34,,22.2 9. 3 -1 8. a 9 8' 9 3.397.' 1.322 36..4
Febnruary..................... 111... I-.. o5.2 3.502.L -6.i 2 .a- 3.2 I 293.7 253.5
March....... ....... .. .... ... 2i7. 1 ..' I? B 3.-3 .2 c ? 3 'jon. i. ia. 3 t. .2
April .................. ..... 1.o0 .i 20' 712.- 3. 133. r ll. 2 363 i 3.0l 1.-3 .' 33-.8
Ma ...................... ..... 1 .3. 2 8 .l J 7 ...3 -1 Ji 1 3, Il'r .- I. 3l.a
J .ntist. .. l~~roerL ..o..y I. .Dl' 7 8 3r.i. l -0 -3r 3-1."' .,a. 1'.0, ils.
J e................. ... ..... I .. '. .. .. 0 '. .3 2

Augtuot.. ... .... ......
Opte .. er... .. .. ..
DOctober ... ..... ...
November.. ....
Deceiber............. ..

2rheaule 0 .rier. dejcriap'.cns .r a' ,c'ala..
0. tFood and live 1 ar l j.I- I r-. r. j r 3,a. .. r.. .
1. Beaeraec Aoa tobacu, 0. Wanloacdturea ,0bo .ii'lllaa chtl l l- b, dr'0a7
2. Crude materla.. I'nedbla, escepa fuel- 7. M-.cninen dani lr..-r u r.r
3. Miner.i ruelt, lauDE can.s. and related .0atori l 8. i :ce i 3r.re.u eanu, icaufrca %rtt1cl.e 0.. .7i.
0. C'1L a. .at -. a 3 -. s tle C -3anmiaoua1 .1 la 3r an c -ar. n0r c 1 I EIr Ia r
begsini g a ah January 1978S 'tatI-at l c5. a, l' Incl-OE 0.1a on r p-a r, i:. r.' i I-r N1,.7 T id rthe IOrI, >.r' :3 r riaTic r ana r. Ir.IiI
InioomatIon
tAolustea ;for eaonal and *orkinc-aoy aara'7"'.. rffoctoi mill. "hy 19.8 i,.ue re-i-.a .a' .:r IuIsn l. ai.a 1'" 0 ]o9 8 a-ai See f,-I'rn,. L
on bottamin of f4e '. Annual c.EaLs ape no' -n.:.0 for oa..'ntii Oaiuoa-a sarI. *.0aaju't-' al .noula 07 .sea l r nnual nn ls3 r.= 71t t..'n 1Tal-
an this table and st allar overall l -.o'.r.hly aotal. r. tile a airna 3 .- r* .aj.mted lr p.ie cnaer, l .








10

Table 6. U.S. General Imports (ci.f. Value Basis) of Merchandise, Schedule A Sections. Seasonally

Adjusted and Unadjusted, by Month: January 1977 to July 1978

fin Iillions of dollars See EoPlanatlon or Statistics for information on coverage, date or importation, definition of cr I f import value, and
sources of error rin the data Unadjusted totals represent sum of unfounded figures and hence may vary slightly from asnm of rounded amountal

Schedule A sec l.ons.
Per iod
0 1 2' 3 4 5 6 1 8 \ '


Seasonal) adjulateI




JanuMry-Jui .... ............. 8.954.- 1.012.5 5,083.1 27.920.b ].8.. 3.037.0 12.870.6 21.595.6 8.3170.0 1,821.1

Jasrmar ....................... 1.058.2 128.9 s2".l 1,539 60.1 365.2 1.572.0 2,7Ia... 1,105.1 219.7
February..... ................ 1.242.i [15 .8 752.8 128 7 ?.7.O 451.7 1.842.2 3.259.. 1.236.2 261.9
M rch. .. ...................... 1.169.6 Lt2.0 :23.1 4.635.0 39.3 428.9 1.720.6 2.937.] 123.6 230.6
April......................... L ib... 6 1.0.4. 702.1 3.5.6.8 39.4 438.8 L.906.1 2,987.9 1,162.7 236.6
1. ... .... .................... 1.938.6 152., 737.6 3.311.3 43.8 437.7 1,896.7 2.989.5 1,218.2 266.9
June.......................... 1.118.3 1.7.3 803.9 4-.638.5 75.2 .60.0 1 981.8 3.383.6 1,.293.9 376.8
lul ....... .................. .. 1.0 '].. 129.6 738.' '. 120.7 43.6 '.5'... 1.950.6 3.2o3.8 1.230.3 228.6
0u0 .u t...... .............. .. 961.9 207.5 843.4 3.730.3 5'..1 455.0 1,996.5 3.206.5 1.162.1 2..8.
epitember ...... .............. 991.6 212.L 779.0 ..0314.3 I.. 1.91.6 2 062.9 ]. .3.3 1.324.1 309.3
October........................ 939.. 135.0 815.4 4.134.0 3L.3 311.8 1.959.5 3. .3. 1, 361.7 276.7
osefuner...................... 92..8 1.03.3 808.7 4.210.3 .2.1 3I3.. L.815.8 3.290.9 i.133.6 364.6
December...................... I.38 .o 162 4 818.3 3.279.7 -.. 2 575.2 2.26...8 3. 773.7 1,464.9 317.0

1978

Januar3- lI. ................ 8..'.3.; .382.5 ? 1,5 ?j. 5 s.063.4 13).- 961.0 17,3b6.8 2I d..n..5 i1,.26.9 2.34.B.9

janu.r ...................... l.209.9 11.'. 729... 3.38t.. 3 i., '3...1 2.16b .3 3,.725.8 1.4.21.8 350.3
February ...................... 1.25-.6 200.2 8.5.7 3.131.9 5... 352.8 2,711.9 ..,1,9.1 1. 2il1. 2 289.6
March ......................... 1.281.. 182.. 816.2 3.300.2 '.19 u89.0 2.&3.. l 3.9213. 1.633.6 385.6
Ap'Il.... .................... 1.231.3 233.8 770 2 3.576.1 &b6.8 588.9 2.700.9 4.241 9 1.682.0 355.1
Miy. .... .................... 1.219.1 19l .0 813 .6 3,812.8 03.- 616.5 i ..81.0 .017.6 i. 66-. 3 323.5
June.......................... 1.01D.9 214.3 29. 3. 707 0 .9.9 $9.5 2,237.9 ..0.8.2 1.69..5 320.0
July.......................... 1,2--.. 2u5.". 1 .1 3-4.c iI.9 D.L. r.3b.1 -.-.i. I iLe.u 324.6
August........................
September. .................
October ... ...................
November r ... ...............
December r .. ... ......... .

inaa jus led




Januar:-rCece..aer. ......... 13.-2.. 1 .817.5 .1 1.5 292.8 56'.1 5.2. ) 22.,997.2 18.830.3 l..28.0 C 1.31 7.0

January-July .... ...... ..... 8. 303.2 1.00-.98 .1.7. 2'8.378.9 316 I 3,062.0 12 :,9.6 21.93.O0 8.105.9 1,.89.?

January....................... L 03).2 131.2 88.8 3. 762.. 60.6 371.0 1,540.6 2.660 .9 1.01o 7 207.8
February .. ................... 1.169.2 133 .' o.2.1 '..099.8 -3.3 1.09. 1.606.. 2,975.8 1. 060. 233.1
March......................... 1.216. .. 1 .5 721 .2 08B.6 10.3] 61.5 1,765.3 3.213.' 1.106.7 223.9
April......................... 1.390.. 133.2 702.6 3 722.7 38.8 4-8 .3 1.8632. 3.092.5 1.083.6 230.4
May........................... 196.2 157.5 758.3 2.963.8 ..4.5 -35.1 1.917.b .147.9 136.6 261.8
1..... .................. 1.235. 159.'. 908..l '.582.8 74.5 47 i. 2,1b.I- 3. I .5 L 31.7.0 3197.9
JuL).. ... .................... .0- .6 8 .'3 79. L .. 157.8 ....1 '.2..2 1.923.3 3 192.0 1.33.26 234.8
August....... ............ 42.-. 17'.0 63...1 3.8,8.3 i .h.8 2.008.5 3.92..3 1,320.2 248.6
Septeber..................... 9-1.0 199.. 608.6 3,937.5 -4.2 .59.8 2,0.1[.0 ].191.9 1,331.9 313.0
October ...................... 8 .6 1.8.9 796.6 3.857.0 31.6 371.1 2,010.1. 3.511.6 I.'.iU .8 285.8
Novemb r .. ................... 9b .ti 111.8 771.5 3,915.6 -1.b 328.3 1.895.2 3,399.5 1.201.8 418.2
December .... .. .............. 1.3B .,' 173..u 842.0 3.335.5 -5.1 '7 .5 2,292.0 83,8 B.0 l..03].- 332.5

1948

January, Iulv .......... ... t.'. L. 'I.e -.. ..3. .t... )i.1 J.' .- .l-.2.0 I '.025.- 11.119... 2.500.1

January.............. ........ 1.1 ..2 l 1.1 612.9 3.L 4 3.3 31.: ...'. .i 2., 131.8 3.595.' 1. 316.7 333.5
Pebruar ................... .. 183.1 17b.O 721..4 '13.2 0O.i 500.8 2.367.5 3 293.i 1,388.9 258.0
March ... ......... L. 340.3 190.' 823. 3,i26.9 '. 3 b3o. 1 2.5 7. 1 ..307.9 1. 65L.6 374.&
April.......... ... ......... .... c. 7 2-li. 761.' 3.'22.7 .. 3 6A 2. 563.2 4. 338.3 1.545.8 340.5
May...... ................ 20 .2 '6.2 3 427.7 '... 615.9 ;.220. .,262. 7 1,66.1 320.9
June.. ..................... L...1".1 232.1 82'7.9 3.661 1 .9.; 860.2 2.457.2 ..,384.2 1.770.8 340.2
July.... .. .... .... .. .... l I ., ).561. 52. i' .'' ;. 5q..5 '., 1 3.8 1,915.1 3i0.6
August. .. .........
Septe ...... ..
October .. .... ...
November r .. ..... ..... .
December .............. .

tScheaule .1 ecti :n ae C r: pa i ir c r I il ionC

0 to- a.na L-1 i rni-..l. i. t ... ai r.c I crjN3 t...F..
1. Bhverc-ea ir.J toub-co o ManufacEured goids classified chiefly by materila
2 trud alerti.il-. i nedibl.. ec-pt I'uelt 7. Mac.r.ncry and transport equipment
3. Ptrer..l (Ie -. l rcluorcne ard rlaE:- suerrial 8 M JEllearEnu- ar,-nufactu.rd article.. N.5.F.F.
.. 0.1I d 1-E.--..-..,,..- ..e.iLE I. u nonedl[es' and tran-acitens not c3 lsIfied .le.here
IBelannin atth J.-iar.n.ary1 1' ,t ri.it[ic. Vital, inclae Oa.n 1r. hLpc.er.[ a11 ruanoneitary .ola. See the FIIntlatlonr. of Statltiicf for adajtlonal
informaT., I r.
1Adiusted f3r =e-=onol r.a -.ortin5-,aE (arlition. Effective alth miA '1978 i.suee revi -. actors used [o adjust 197 ana 1978 data. See [ootnote I
on boto-,. .1l nage 3. 4nlr..al to .is .re n-c hown for uasos'ilty adju~tea aara lradju=te data h,.'.uld be u-ea for r.nual totals. The adjusted
section 1 .als In r.his bl. ana -.lniiar serBalL .or.thl) tnntis Ir. taoles I and 3 sere d,-u.ted indEpendentlv.








GENERAL IMPORTS OF PETROLEUM AND SELECTED PETROLEUM PRODUCTS INTO
THE U.S. CUSTOMS AREA AND U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS, UNADJUSTED

Monthly and cumulative-to-date data on general imports of petroleum and selected petroleum products into the U.S. Customs area
and into the U.S. Virgin Islands for the period January 1977 through the current month are presented in the tables that follow. Tables
1-A and 1-B present imports into the U.S. Customs area and tables 2-A and 2-B present imports into the U.S. Virgin Islands. (It should
be noted that imports into the Virgin Islands are excluded from the regularly compiled foreign trade statistics and, therefore, are ex-
cluded from the data presented in tables 1-A and 1 -B as well as the other tables shown in the front of this report.-See "Explanation of
Statistics".

Effective with January 1978 statistics, certain changes were made in the commodity classifications (Schedule A and TSUSA) covering
petroleum products. These changes are reflected in the listing of classifications shown below. Data presented in tables 1-B and 2-B which
follow have been revised to reflect all changes in classifications, effective January 1978.


Schedule A and TSUSA Commodity Numbers Used in Compiling the Petroleum
Information Presented in This Report


Energy products

Schedule A No.


Nonenergy products

Schedule A No.


TSUSA No.


Crude petroleum and deriv-
atives to be refined
333.0020
333.0040
334.4040


475.0510
475.1010
475.6510


Lubricating oils
334.5410 pt.

Lubricating greases
334.5410 pt.


475.4500


475.5500, 475.6000


Crude petroleum
333.0020
333.0040

Gasoline
334.1500

Jet fuel
334.1205

Kerosene
334.2000


Distillate fuel oil
334.3021

334.3041

. Residual fuel oil
334.4050
334.4060

Propane and butane gas
341.0025

Liquid derivatives of
petroleum, n.e.s.
334.5430 pt.


475.0510
475.1010


475.2520, 475.2560


{475.2530
475.2550

475.3000


475.0525
475.0545
475.1015
475.1025

475.0535
475.1035


Paraffin and other mineral
waxes
335.1225 pt.
335.1245


Asphalt
335.4500

Naphthas
334.5420


All other petroleum products
(pitch of tar coke, non-
liquid hydrocarbon mix-
tures, and calcined petro-
leum and coal coke not for
fuel)
335.3000 pt.
334.5430 pt.
598.5020 pt.


475.1525, 475.1535,
475.1545


475.6530


TSUSA No.


494.2200
494.2400



521.1100



475.3500


401.6200
475.7000
517.5120
517.5140

























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