United States foreign trade

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
United States foreign trade
Alternate title:
United States foreign trade. FT900, Summary of United States export and import merchandise trade
Portion of title:
Summary of U.S. export and import merchandise trade
Abbreviated Title:
U.S. foreign trade, FT900, Summ. U.S. export import merch. trade
Physical Description:
13 v. : ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of the Census
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census :
For sale by the Subscriber Services Section (Publications), Bureau of the Census
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Creation Date:
March 1978
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Imports -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Exports -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Commerce -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
statistics   ( marcgt )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Issued also to depository libraries in microfiche.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Dec. 1976-
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Ceased in 1988.
General Note:
"FT 900."
General Note:
Description based on: Jan. 1979; title from caption.
General Note:
Beginning with July 1980 for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S.G.P.O.
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: Mar. 1988.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 001320869
notis - AGH1745
oclc - 07222812
lccn - 81646118
issn - 0730-3270
sobekcm - AA00005268_00001
Classification:
ddc - 382/.0973/00212
System ID:
AA00005268:00016

Related Items

Preceded by:
Summary of U.S. export and import merchandise trade
Succeeded by:
U.S. merchandise trade. Seasonally adjusted imports and exports

Full Text
r-


3 /4 :'7r 3


SSummary of U.S. Export and

4 mport Me handise Trade





4 MARCH 1978
FTU9O 78-3 II ..1I nr:PO tTOr Y For release April 26,1978 10-30 A.M.


SSeaso nally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data
7: (Including unadjusted data on imports of petroleum and petroleum products)


F.A.S. EXPORTS AND F.A.S. IMPORTS

Seasonally Adjusted

. he Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce
announced today that during March 1978, exports on a
f'ais. U.S. port of exportation value basis, ex-
eltud ilg Department of Defense MilitarN Assistance
: ogram Grant-Aid shipments, amounted to $10,912.1
million and that general imports on a f.a.s. foreign
port of exportation value basis, amounted to
-$13,692.9 million.' '

Based on the above export and import figures, the March
merchandisee trade balance was in deficit by $2,780.8
million. 2 3.

During the first quarter of 1978 (January-March), exports
-on a seasonally adjusted basis were at an annual rate of
.$123,395 million, a level about 2 percent higher than the
calendar year 1977 total of $121,144 million. Imports
for the January-March 1978 period were at an annual rate
of $162,098 million, an increase of about 10 percent over
the calendar year 1977 total of $147,69b million.

For the 4-month period, Decen.ber 1977-March 1978, exports
averaged $10,464.0 million per month, about 6 percent
higher than the $9,890.1 million average reported for the
preceding 4-month period August-November 1977. Imports
'n a f.a.s. value basis, averaged $13,411.8 million per
manth for the current 4-month period, a level about 9
percent higher than the $12,271.2 million average re-
ported for the preceding 4-month period.' 2 3

Unadjusted
Exports excluding Military Assistance Program Grant-Aid
shipments increased from $9,516.6 million in February to
$12,074.2 million in March. With Military Assistance
Program Grant-Aid shipments included, experts increased
frm, $9,518.5 million in February to $12,079.4 million
fti MIarch. General imports increased from $13,286.-.
iillion in February to $14,547.3 million in March.

"Notd: Footnotes 1, 2, and 3 are shown at the bottom of
page 5.


F.A.S. EXPORTS AND C.I.F. IMPORTS

Seasonally Adjusted

The Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce
arnounced tcday that during March 1978, exports on a
f.a.s. U.S. port of exportation value basis, excluding
Department of Defense Military Assistance Program
Grant-Aid shipments, amounted to $10,912.1 million
and that general imports on a c.i.f. (cosr, insurance,
and freight) U.S. port of entry value basis, amounted
to $14,562.8 million.' 2 3

Based on the above export and import figures, the March
merchandise trade balance was in deficit by $3.b50.7
million.' 2 3

During the first quarter of 1978 (January-March), exports
on a seasonally adjusted basis were at an annual rate of
$123,395 million, a level about 2 percent higher than the
calendar year 1977 total of $121,1- million. Imports
for the January-March 1978 period were at an annual rate
of 1172,449 million, an increase of about 9 percent over
the calendar year 1977 total of $157,57. million.

Fur the u-month period, December 1977-March 1978 exports
averaged $1C,46u.0 million per month, about 6 percent
higher than the $q,890.1 million average reported for the
preceding --month period, August-November 1977. Imports
on a c.i.f. value basis, averaged $l-,276.6 million per
month fcr the current u-month period, a level about 9
percent t.igher than the $13,082.5 million average re-
ported for the preceding 4-month period.' 2 3

Unadjusted
Exports excluding Military Assistance Program Grant-Aid
shipments increased from $9,514.b million in February to
$12,0?,.2 million in March. With Military Assistance
Program Grant-Aid shipments included, exports increased
from $9,518.5 million in February to $12,079.- million
in March. General imports increased from $1-,152.3
million in February to $15,-71.5 million in March.


U.S. Department of Commerce
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS


Inquiries concerning these figures should be addressed to the Chief. Foreign Trade Division, Bureau of
the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Tel: Area Code 301, 763-5140; 763-7754; and 763-7755.
For sale by the Subscriber Services Section (Publications), Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C.
20233, or any U.S. Department of Commerce district office. Postage stamps not acceptable; currency
submitted at sender's risk. Remittances from foreign countries must be by international money order
or by a draft on a U.S. bank. Price 30 centsper copy. Annual subscription (FT 900,975,985, and 986
combined) $14.90.


UNITED STATES FOREIGN TRADE







EXPLANATION OF STATISTICS, 1 b 1


IMPORT STATISTICS

Coverage

The U.S. import statistics reflect both government and
nongovernment imports of merchandise from foreign countries
into the U.S. Customs territory, which includes the 50 States.
the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. The U.S. import
statistics exclude imports into the Virgin Islands. Guam,
American Samoa. and other U.S. possessions; and shipments
between the United States and Puerto Rico, between the United
States and U.S. possessions, and between any of these outlying
areas. (Data on U.S. trade with Puerto Rico and the Virgin
Islands of the United States are published separately in Report
FT 800. Additional data on such trade and on imports into the
Virgin Islands from foreign countries are presented in reference
tabulations.) Data on imports of petroleum and selected
petroleum products, including shipments into the Virgin Islands
from foreign countries, are included in this report effective with
the January 1976 statistics Ipreviously shown in former Report
FT 900-Supplemenl).
The U.S. import statistics also exclude American goods re-
turned to the United States by its Armed Forces;intransit ship-
ments through the United States when documented as such
with Customs; temporary shipments: transactions not con-
sidered to be of statistical significance, such as shipments of
personal and household effects; low-valued nondutiable im-
ports by mail: and issued monetary coins of all component
metals

Inclusion of Gold in the Statistics

Effective with the statistics for January 1978, imports of
nonmonetary gold (in such forms as ore, scrap and base bullion.
nonmonetary refined bullion, etc.) which were previously
excluded, are now included in the statistics. Imports of silver in
these forms have been included since January 1969 Additional
information regarding the inclusion of gold in the 1978 statistics
appears in the November and December 1977 issues of Report
FT 990.

General Imports/Imports For Consumption

The statistics on U.S. imports are presented in terms of both
"General Imports" and "Imports for Consumption." General
imports are a combination of entries for immediate con-
sumption and entries into Customs bonded warehouses, and
thus generally reflect total arrivals of merchandise. Imports for
consumption are a combination of entries for immediate
consumption and withdrawals from warehouses for con-
sumption, and thus generally reflect the total of the com-
modities entered into U.S. consumption channels.
Source Of Import Information

The official U.S. import statistics are compiled by the Bureau
of the Census from copies of the import entry and warehouse
withdrawal forms which importers are required by law to file
with Customs officials. The information as to country of origin.
net quantity. salue. and commodity classification is verified by
Customs officials on entries filed for transactions valued over
$250. which are ordinarily subject to examination for Customs


Effective January 1978


appraisement purposes. The statistife.l-. 'y of the entry is
corrected if It does not accurately reflect the information
called for by the statistical requirements.

Import Valuation '

F.a.s. Import Value. -[]e fa.s. (free alongside ship) value
represents the transaction value of iThports at the foreign port of
exportation. It is based on the purchase price, i.e., the actual
transaction value and generally includes all charges incurred in
placing the merchandise alongside the carrier at the port of
exportation in the country of exportation.

C.i.f. Import Value.-The c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight)
value represents the value of imports at the first port of entry in
the United States. It is based on the purchase price and includes
all freight, insurance, and other charges (excluding U.S. import
duties) incurred in bringing the merchandise from the country
of exportation and generally placing it alongside the carrier at
the first port of entry in the United States. If the merchandise
was acquired in a transaction between related parties, the
purchase price used in deriving the c.i.f. value is based on an
arm's-length equivalent transaction price, i.e., a price which
would exist between unrelated buyers and sellers.

Import Commodity Information

Import data are initially reported in terms of the commodity
classifications in the Tariff Schedules of the United States An-
notated (TSUSA), which is an official publication of the U.S.
International Trade Commission, embracing the legal text of
the Tariff Schedules of the United States together with statis-
tical annotations. The TSUSA data are rearranged and presented
in this report in terms of totals for the I-digit commodity
sections in Schedule A, Statistical Classification of Commodities
Imported Into the United States, which is based upon the
Standard International Trade Classification (SITC), Revision 2,
effective with the statistics for January 1978. Prior to January
1978, Schedule A was based upon the former SITC, Revised.

Date of Importation and Import Monthly Carryover

It is the objective of the compiling procedures to include
shipments, insofar as practicable, in the statistics for the actual
month of importation (or the month of withdrawal in the case
of warehouse withdrawals for consumption). Effective with the
January 1978 statistics, the date of importation as reported on
the import entries is being used to determine the statistical
month in which the shipments are included. However, since
under the Customs "immediate-delivery" procedures importers
may file the import entry up to 10 workdays after the date of
release of the merchandise, some documents for merchandise
imported during the last few days of a given month may not
be received in time for inclusion in the statistics for that month.
As a result, there is a carryover, estimated at about 15 percent,
from the actual month of importation to a subsequent month.
In addition, processing problems (e.g., late filing of documents,
rejection of a shipment by the computer because the data fail
to meet certain edit criteria established to protect the accuracy
of the statistics, etc.) contribute to an additional carryover of
about 5 percent (in terms of value) of shipments from the re-







ported month of importation (or withdrawal from warehouse)
to a subsequent month, usually the succeeding month. These
limitations should be borne in mind when making month-to-
month comparisons.
For 1977 and previous years, the date of Customs official
acceptance of the import documents was used to determine the
statistical month in which the shipments were included. How-
ever, in certain annual publications for 1977 and in 1978 re-
ports which also present 1977 data (e.g., FT 900, FT 990, etc.),
the 1977 data are recompiled on a date of importation basis.

Cumulations of data over at least 4-month periods are desir-
able to identify underlying trends. Month-to-month changes in
imports, exports, and similar series often reflect primarily
irregular movements, e.g., exogenous events such as strikes,
differences in monthly carryover, etc.

Estimated Data for Imports Valued Under $251

The overall import and Schedule A Section 9 totals include
sample estimates for shipments valued under $251. Therefore,
they are subject to sampling error, estimated at less than
one-tenth of one percent for the unadjusted overall total and
about one percent for the unadjusted Schedule A Section 9
total. This means that we can have about 67 percent confidence
that the published unadjusted overall totals and the unadjusted
Schedule A Section 9 totals differ by less than one-tenih of a
percent and one percent, respectively, from the totals that
would have resulted from a complete tabulation. The statistics
on imports of petroleum and petroleum products included in
this report reflect fully compiled data and. therefore, are not
subject to sampling error.

EXPORT STATISTICS
Coverage
The export statistics reflect, in general. both government and
nongovernment exports of domestic and foreign merchandise
from the U.S. Customs territory (includes the 50 States, the
District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico) to foreign countries,
whether the exportation involves a commercial transaction or
not. The statistics, therefore, include Department of Defense
Military Assistance Program Grant-Aid shipments, shipments for
economic assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act and
shipments of agricultural commodities under P.L. 480 (The
Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954, as
amended) and related laws. The following are excluded from the
statistics: Shipments to U.S. Armed Forces and diplomatic
missions abroad for their own use: shipments between the
United States and Puerto Rico, between the United States and
its possessions (including the Virgin Islands), and between these
outlying areas; exports from U.S. possessions; intransit ship-
ments through the United States; transactions not considered to
be of statistical importance, such as personal and household
effects; temporary exports; low-valued or non-commercial
exports by mail; and issued monetary coins of all component
metals.

Inclusion of Gold in the Statistics.

As indicated above for imports, effective with the statistics
for January 1978, exports of nonmonetary gold (in such forms
as ore, scrap and base bullion, nonmonetary refined bullion,
etc.) which were previously excluded, are included in the


statistics Exports of silver in these forms have been included
since January 1969. Additional information regarding the
inclusion of gold in the 1978 statistics appears in the November
and December 1977 issues of Report FT 990.

Definition of Exports of Domestic and Foreign Merchandise

Exports of domestic merchandise include commodities which
are grown, produced, or manufactured in the UnitedStates, and
commodities of foreign origin which have been changed in the
United States from the form in which they were imported, or
which have been enhanced in value by further manufacture in
the United States. Exports of foreign merchandise consist of
commodities of foreign origin which have entered the United
States as imports and which, at the time of exportation, are in
substantially the same condition as when imported.

Source of Export Information

The official U.S. export statistics are compiled by the Bureau
of the Census primarily from copies of Shipper's Export
Declarations which are required to be filed with Customs
officials, except for Department of Defense Military Assistance
Program Grant-Aid shipments which are reported directly to the
Bureau of the Census by the Department of Defense and
shipments by qualified exporters who have been authorized to
submit data in the form of magnetic tape, punched cards, or
monthly Shipper's Summary Export Declarations directly to
the Bureau of the Census.

Export Valuation
F.a.s. Export Value. -The value reported in the export statistics
generally is equivalent to a f.a.s. (free alongside ship) value at
the U.S. port of export, based on the transaction price,
including inland freight, insurance and other charges incurred in
placing the merchandise alongside the carrier at the U.S. port of
exportation.

Export Commodity Information
Beginning January 1978, export commodity information
is collected in terms of the commodity classifications in the
1978 edition of Schedule B, Statistical Classification of Do-
mestic and Foreign Commodities Exported from the United
States, which is based on the framework of the classification
system in the Tariff Schedules of the United States (TSUS).
In this report, the Schedule B data are rearranged and presented
in terms of totals for the 1-digit commodity sect ions in Schedule
E, which is based upon the Standard International Trade Classi-
fication (SITC), Revision 2, effective with the statistics for
January 1978. Prior to January 1978, the export classifications
in Schedule B were based upon the organizational framework
of the former SITC, Revised.

Export Monthly Carryover
It is the objective of the compiling procedures to include
shipments, insofar as practicable, in the statistics for the actual
month of exportation. For purposes of the statistics, the month
of exportation is generally based on the date when the shipment
leaves the United States. (For vessel or air shipments it is the
date when the carrier departs or is cleared from the port of
export.) However, as indicated above for imports, because of


Effective January 1978





4

processing problems (e.g., late receipt of a document for an
end-of-month shipment, rejection of a shipment by the com-
puter because the data fail to meet certain edit criteria
established to protect the accuracy of the statistics. etc.). there
is an overall average carryover of about 2 to 3 percent (in terms
of value) of the shipments from the actual month of exporta-
tion to a subsequent month, usually the succeeding month.
These limitations should be borne in mind when making
month-to-month comparisons.
Cumulations of data over at least 4-month periods are
desirable to identify underlying trends. Month-to-month
changes in imports, exports, and similar series often reflect
primarily irregular movements, differences in monthly
carry over, etc.

Estimated Data for Export Shipments

The overall export and Schedule B section and division totals
include sample estimates for shipments valued $251-$1.999 to
Canada and for shipments valued $251-$999 to countries other
than Canada. Data for shipments valued $250 and under to all
countries are also estimated, based on established percentages of
individual country totals, and included in the Schedule B
Section 9 totals regardless of the commodity exported. It is
estimated that the unadjusted overall total is subject to a
sampling error of less than one-tenth of one percent, and the
unadjusted Schedule B section or division totals are subject to
sampling errors of about one percent. In addition, the Schedule
B Section 9 total is subject to possible error in the estimated
data for shipments valued $250 and under; and the overall total.
and the individual totals for sections other than Section 9, to a
more limited extent. Such $250 and under shipments represent
about 1 percent of the total value of exports, and about 60
percent of the Schedule B Section 9 total.

SOURCES OF ERROR IN THE STATISTICS

Monthly import and export figures are subject to the
possibility of errors which may arise from sources other than
sampling errors, discussed above. Among these are errors in the
reporting and/or processing of information as to commodity
classification, value and other statistical factors, month of
inclusion (see paragraphs on import and export carryover.
above), and the undercotinting of exports to Canada due to the
non-receipt of Shipper's Export Declarations. For 1976, the
undercounting amounted to about one and one-half billion
dollars. In the case of imports the information as to value and
commodity classification (as well as country of origin and net
quantity) is verified by Customs officials on entries filed for
transactions valued over $250 which are ordinarily subject to
examination for Customs appraisement purposes, thus con-
siderably reducing the possibility of error In addition, the
procedures used to compile both the import and export sta-
tistics include clerical and computer processing checks designed


to protect the accuracy of the statistics to the fullest practicable
extent.

MERCHANDISE TRADE BALANCES

Two trade balances are presented in this report:
1) The balance between exports based on f.a.s. values and
imports based on f.a.s. values.
2) The balance between exports based on f.a.s. values and
imports based on c.i.f. values with adjustments for imports from
affiliated sellers abroad to reflect arms-length equivalent prices,
Both balances are useful for certain purposes. The first
balance corresponds to a measurement of the international
payments or credit flows resulting from merchandise trade
between the U.S. and foreign countries. The second balance is
based on concepts similar to those used by most foreign
countries, and therefore provides a reference for comparison
%,ith the trade balances published by those countries.


REVISIONS TO THE STATISTICS

Under the revision policy adopted effective with the 1977
statistics, revisions to the monthly statistics for the current year
will be issued only once a year, i.e.. with the reports for June
of the following year. Thus, revisions to 1977 statistics will be
issued only in June 1978. Under the policy previously in effect,
revisions were issued twice a year-the current year's June re-
ports contained revisions for the prior year while the December
reports usually contained revisions for the first three quarters
of the ,uirent year
In addition to the revisions which are mndde on a once a year
bisis, instanLes ma. occur where a significant error in the
statistics for a month of the L current y adr is discovered after the
statistics for that month are compiled. If the error is of
sufficient importance to require correction prior to the time
that the regular revisions are carried, the correct ion is made and
so noted in this report


SOURCES OF FURTHER INFORMATION

Additional foreign trade statistics and information regarding
coverage, valuation, sampling, and qualifications which should
be considered by users of the statistics are contained primarily
in the following publications: Report FT 990, Highlights of U.S.
Export and Import Trade; FT 135, U.S. General Imports,
Schedule A Commodity by Country; FT 410, U.S. Exports,
Schedule E Commodity by Country; and the Guide to Foreign
Trade Statistics. Information regarding additional sources of
statistics, the methodology used in seasonally adjusting the data,
and other matters relating to foreign trade statistics may be
obtained from the Foreign Trade Division, Bureau of the
Census. Washington. D.C. 20233.


Effective January 1978










Table 1. U.S. Exports (f.a.s. Value Basis), General Imports (f.a.s. and c.i.f. Value Basis), and Merchandise
Trade Balance, Adjusted for Seasonal and Working-Day Variation, by Month: January 1977

to March 1978

(In millions of dollars. See Explanation of Statistics for information on coverage, date or importation, detinltlons of export ana i. port values and
trade balances, and sources oi error in the data)

F.a.s. Exports and f.a.s. Imports F.a.s. Exports and c.i.f. Imports

Period
Trade Trade
Exports Imports bal e Exports Imports 0andee


1977

January-March ............................ 29. 725.0 35.935.7 -c.D i 29, '25.0 38.3b1.8 -8,636.8

January .................................. 9,664.4 10,971.. -1,300:.0 9,664.- 11,033.5 -2,069.5
February ................................. 9,896.5 12,881.8 -2,985.3 Q,896.5 13," '9.- -3.852.9
March.................................... 10, 164.1 12,082.5 -1 ,918.- 10, 16 1 12,878.5 -2,714. ".
April.................................... 9,953.2 12,086.9 -2,133.7 9,953.2 12,885.6 -2.932...
may....................... ...... ......... 10,488.9 10.983. 1 -i-J.. 10.-88. ll, 2- 6.0 -1,237.1
June..................................... 10,090.3 13,3O 1 -3,3O5.a 10,0-~0.3 l ,,29 -4,207.1.

July....................................... 10,38-.6 13.07b.6 -2,1 90.0 ,368 .6 13,9;3.0 -3.588..
August................................ ... 9.67-.0 11l.050.7 -1,976.' '.674.0 12, 15.8 -2,7-.1.8
September ................................ 11,036.5 12.605.2 -1,56.8. 11.036.5 13.-53.8 -2,17.3
October................................... 9,37-.8 12.995.6 -3,620.8 9.37-.8 13,667.' -4,.492.9
November.................................. 9,.75.0 11,833.3 -2.358.3 9,,75.01 12.592.6. -3.117.6
December ................................. 11,007.0 13,122.5 -2,115.5 11.00'.0 13,q99 .3 -2.987.3

1978

January-March............................ ]*5.',.1 .. -',. ', -. ) -6. 6 j. 1 2 -I ., t,1I..

January................................. ... 10.014.3 12,393.0 -2,i38.; 10,014.3 13,169.8 -3.155.5
February................................. 9,922.- 1l.-38.s -. .5i6.2 9.922.- 15,379.6 -4,.5".2
March.................................... i. s..... -I J. *"i ., '",i 1. I ..r ,'.'. -'r ,... "
April ....................................
may......................................
June.....................................

July.....................................
August...................................
September.................................
October..................................
November.................................
December.................................

'Export data represent domestic ana foreign .merchandise excluding Department oi Defence (DOD) MilitarY Aislstance Program Crant-iao shipments.
Import data represent general imports of merchandise.
'Beginning with the January 1978 issue of this report, export and import totals and trade balances include data or. shipments of nonrmonetary gold
in the form of ores, concentrates, waste, scrap. and refined bullion. During 1977, U.S. exports of nonmonetary gold totaled 01,0-2.6 million.
Monthly values were reported in millions as follows: January 1142.5: February $65.3; March f5.9; April 1l.9: May 67.1; June 127.1: July .125.9:
August $96.5; September t7.5; October f1263.1; November ful.6; and December 78.3. Imports totaled 167-.1 million. By month, values in millions
were as follows: January $30.4; February $23.3; Marcn 126.0; April f23.7; May $28.8; June 199.6; July 126.5: August 942.5; September 188.2;
October $43.1; November $182.8; and December 59.3.
'Adjusted for seasonal and working-day variation using adjustment &actors as described in footnote I at bottom of this page.



'Exports and imports are adjusted for seasonal and workingday variation but not for changes in price level. Factors used to adjust 1977 and 1978 export data shown in this report represent seasonal
adjustment factors derived from monthly data through 1977 and introduced in January 1918 combined with the appropriate working day adjustment factors 1978 import dala are being adjusted by
interim factors derived from monthly data through 1977 1977 import dala are being adjusted by larlors derived Irom monthly data through 1976 and introduced in January 1977
2Cumulations of data over at least 4 month' periods are desirable to identify underlying trends Month frononlh changes in exports, imports,. and similar series often reflect primarily irregular move-
ments, differences in monthly carryover, etc Recent monin lo-monlh percent changes in the overall seasonally adjusted export and import series are presented in the following table with average percent
month to-month rise and decline over longer periods shown for comparison The average rise and average decline figures do not reflect data on nonmonelary gold. The average also exclude percentage
changes for (1) the period October December 1971 because of abnormalities in the data due to etectsi of dock strikes and 12) periods when negligible changes (zero percent) in the level of exportsimports
occurred. Percentage changes for f a.. and c i f. import values are not available lor periods prno to January 1974


Month-to-month Average monthly rates of change


Series Feb.-Mar. Jan.-Feb. Dec. 1977- Nov,-Dec. Average Average 4-months 12-months
1978 1978 Jan. 1978 LQ7? rise decline Nov. 1977- Mar. 1977-
1972-1977 1972-1977 Mar. L978 Mar. 1978

(Percent) (Percent) (Percent) (Percent) (Percent) (Percent) (Percent) (Percent)


export value..
import value..
import value..


+10.0
-5.2
-5.3


-0.9
.16.5
+16.8


-9.0
-5.5
-5.8


+L16.1
.10.8
+11.1


+4.1
+4.2
+4.2


+1.0
+1.6
+1.6


3See the "Explanation of Statistics" for definitroni of the export and import values and trade balances


Report FT900, Effective January 1978.











Table 2. U.S. Exports (f.a.s. Value Basis) of Merchandise Showing Department of Defense (DOD)

Military Assistance Program Grant-Aid Shipments, by Month: January 1977 to March 1978


(In millions of dollars. See Explanation of Statistics for information on coverage, definition of f.a.s. export value, and sources of
the oats. Unadjusted totals represent sum of unrounded figures and hence may vary slightly from sum of rounded amounts)


Period


1977

January-December .....................

January- March........................

January ..............................
February ........................ .....
March ................................
April ................................
May........ .............. ........ ....
June..................................

July.................................
August...............................
September............................
October..............................
November .............................
December.............................

1978

January-March ........................

January..............................
February................*.............
March................................
April................................
MWAY .................................
June.......................... .......

July.................................
August.. ............................
September.............................
October.............................. .
November .............................
December ............................


I ~I I


Domestic
and
foreign,
seasonally
adjusted


Exports excluding DOD
Grant-Aid'


Exports including
DOD Grant-Aid'


DOD Grant-Aid.'


3 r I -r I _____ _____


Domestic
and
fare Ign,
unadjusted


Domestic.
unadjusted


Domestic
and
foreign,
unadjusted


Domestic,
unadjusted


Total


Western
Europe


I I I 4- _____ 1


29,725.0

9,664.4
9.896.5
10,164.
9,953.2
10,488.9
10,090.3

10,384.6
9,674.0
11,036.5
9,374.8
9,475.0
11,007.0



3L' .8-6.8

10.01-. 3
9.922..
10,412. 1


121,144.0

29,637.8

9,118.4
9.469.0
11,050.4
10,542.4
10,928.4
10.279.0

9,751.1
8.975.5
10.365.5
9,572.b,
9,687.2
11,404.4



30.c153.2

9,364.4
9.51-..6
12,07-.2


118,943.5

29,151.3

6,960.1
9,136.0
10,855.2
10,34-.5
10,736.1
10.064. 2

9,590.3
8,802.2
10,151.9
9,379.7
9.517.4
11,206.0



30, 382 .-

9,214.1
. 337.8
I 1 0.5


121.205.8

29,667.4

9,135.2
9,473.9
11,058.2
10.548.0
10,933.5
10,282.1

9,754.4
8,978.5
10.369.2
9.575.2
9,689.6
11,408.2



30,'96-.9

9.366.9
9,518.5
12,0;f.-


119,005.4

29,180.9

8.976.8
9,361.0
10.863.1
10,350.1
10,7-,1.1
10,067.3

9,593.5
8,805.1
10,155.5
9,382.3
9,519.8
11.209.8



30.3 .4. I

9.216.6
9,34I. 7
11 ,3j..6


L II


Other
coantrima,.





:..


U44
a










3 I






lhl
24 i


-I



4 1

4.,5 ii


'Beginning with January 1978 statistics, totals include date on shipments of nonmonetary gold. See table 1, footnote 2.
"Replesents only export shipments from the United States and differs from DOD Military Assistance Program Grant-Aid shipment figures under this
program as follows: (a) Transfers of the material procured outside the United States and transfers from DOD overseas stocks fra export shipments.
(b) Export value is f.a.s., whereass DOD value, in most instances, Is f.o.b., point of origin. (c) Data for shipments reported by the DOD for a
given month are included in Bureau of Census reports In the second month subsequent to the month reported by the DOD.
3Adjusted for seasonal and aoraing-day variation. See footnote I on the bottom of page 5.
*Annual total is not shown for seasonally adjusted data. Unadjusted data should be used for annual totals.


error i:


ii:


7










Table 3. U.S. Imports of Merchandise, by Month: January 1977 to March 1978

(In millions of dollars. See Explanation of Statistics for Information on coverage, date of Importation, definitions of f.a.s. and c.i.f. Import
values, and sources of error in the data. Unadjusted totals represent sum of unrounded figure: and hence may vary slightly from sum of rounded
moonLs)


F.a.s. value' C.k.f. value1


Period General imports Imports General imports Imports
for for
Seasonally consumption, Seasonally consumption,
adjusted Unadunadjuste adjutead' Uadjusted unadjusted


1977

January-December......................... (') 147,695.8 146.93-.. (') 157,574.0 156.783.6

Jamuary-March....................... ..... 35,935.7 35,379.0 35.259.5 38.36L.6 37, 765 3 37, 642.7

January .................................. 10.971., 10,644.5 10,b67.0 11,733.9 11,384.2 11 ..09.5
lebruary.................................. 12.881.8 11,592.3 11,523.7 13,7u9.4 12.373.1 12.303.1
March.................................... 12,082.5 13.142.1 13,068.7 12,878.5 14.007.9 13,930.1
April ................ ................... 12,086.9 11.934.6 11,852.2 12,885.6 12.723.2 12.638.7
ay........................................ 10,983.1 11.257.7 11.0'6.4 11.726.0 12,019.2 11,631.0
June...................................... 13,396.1 1.,056.5 l-.O'.'..9 1.,297.7 15.002.6 14.989.1

July........................ ............... 13,076.6 12,1.30.6 12,342.q 13,973.0 13.282.7 13.190.9
August.................................... 11,b6 0.7 12,059.a 12.055.9 12,'15.8 12.851.6 12.84.2
September................................. 12,605.2 12,450.2 12.326.6 13,-53.8 13.288.3 13.159.9
October.................................. 12,995.6 12,.9 ..0 i2,5. .1 13,866'. 13.332.4 13.383.5
NHoember.................................. 11,833.3 12,261.7 12.274.9 12.592.6 13.0-8.5 13,063.5
December.................................. 13,122.5 1l .371.8 13,157.9 13,994.3 14.260.2 14.0- 0.1

1978

January-March ............................. ... .-0.5-.' -_0 !.. ,,5.2.' -3, i .- -'. I 3.. I ].' o.-

January.................................... 12,393.0 12,711.7 12,604.1 13.169.8 13.514.9 13.397.7
February................................. L-..38.6 13.286.. 13. 316.4 15, 379.t 1-, 152.3 1.. 180.2
March.................................... 5 t c1. :. 2'.9 1-,-?.3 -. 5r '. .c?.d li2.-I .2 .- .
April ....................................
May......................................
June.....................................

July......................................
August...................................
September................................
October ..................................
lovember.................................
December.................................

IBeginnLng with January 1978 statistics, totals Include data on shipments of nonmonetary gold. See the Explanation of Statl-tic, for additional
Information. See also table 1, footnote 2.
'Adjusted for seasonal and working-day variation. See footnote 1 on the bottom *o, page 5.
'Annual total Is not shown for seaonally adjusted data. Unadjusted asas should be used tor annual totals.









8

Table 4. U.S. Exports (fa.s. Value Basis) of Domestic Merchandise, Including Department of Defense

(DOD) Military Assistance Program Grant-Aid Shipments-Schedule E Sections, Seasonally

Adjusted and Unadjusted, by Month: January 1977 to March 1978

(In millions of dollars. See Explanation of Statistics for Information an coverage, definition of f.a.a. export value, and sources or error
In the data. Unadjusted totals represent sum of unrounded figures and hence may vary slightly f rm sum of rounded amounts)

Schedule E sections

Periom
0 I 2' 3 5 6 1 8 9'


Seasonally adjusteso

1977

January-Mirch................. 520 .. .68 9 3,316 0 91*.. 280... 2.708.7 .779 3 12.21i.. 1 912.1 L016.2

January....................... 1.085.3 155.1 1,071.k 265.0 71.5 8;&.b 901.5 4,093.8 645.1 378.8
February...................... [.179.1 150.- 1.153.9 327.2 93.5 9.7.2 9-2.1 3.987.8 661.8 315.3
March ......................... 1.256.0 1mn .6 ,.090.) 3.1.6 115.- 8B6.9 929.7 -,129.8 665.2 320.1
April......................... 1,221.5 122.1 1.18'.3 375.0 111.3 859.1 918.3 &.055.9 638.2 242.3
Mq a ........................... 1.312.1 l1.2 1,;2 2.2 393.8 611 .7 B88.1 924.3 ',230.5 674.6 333.1
June.......................... 1,208.. 167.6 b.126.6b 73.1 111.9 912.1 918.5 ',096.9 692.0 299.9
July.......................... 1,231.t. 188.. 1.112.3 -18.8 122.3 943.2 890.5 4.106.9 699.3 508.1
August....................... 1.177.0 168.8 859.3 309.3 127.7 865.6 863.9 4,066.6 674.9 378.9
September....... ............. 1.2'.) 19 3.9 .0?77.1 393.2 110.2 1,101.0 1.025.2 4,632.0 758.0 265.5
Octoner....................... 963.- 59.' 1,023.6 338.- 10-.0 718.5 :-1.3 -.112.7 661., 529.2
November...................... 1.020.- 11-.5 1.038.- 336.1 123.1 788.9 832.0 4,048.1 710.7 317.4
Decmb-er...................... 1.250.6 221.6 1,083.? 307.9 101.8 989.9 982.2 4,719.6 769.5 400.7

1978

January-March................... .60.. 5)1s.: 3.2 8.. jO. 2.. ..1 2. -..2 1'.,.:,. ?,'- .- 1,119.3

January....................... 1,151.5 127.9 1.071.2 230.- 100.4' 873.0 887.6 4.242.3 736.3 464.7
Febr.ar........................ 1 312.7 188.3 1.010.6 1l2.2 98.7 919.0 89b.8 -, 123.3 735.2 266.9
March......................... I 1)-... ;' ,. i. I6 .' 131.3 '1.. .A ,--2. 70 .9 387.7
Aprli .........................
May ....................... ...
June................. ......
July..........................
Au us t........................
September r.....................
October.......................
November r......................
December ......................

t'rsad ousted


1917

JanuarM-DbIce.ber.............. l..,135.6 1.8-6.6 13 080.2 -.13.0 1.308.' 10.822.8 10.858.0 50.256.1 8,2j6.2 4,277.2

Jar,uary-March ................ 3..85.2 -i7.2 3.525.3 76.1 299.2 2,670.0 2,13.71- 12,331.9 1 9.4 .1 956.6

January........................ 1,0'8.8 16b6. 1,055.1 217.6 25.1 816.0 839.4 3.762.2 490.3 376.1
February...................... I 1,11b. 131. 1 la0. 268.0 91.9 910.3 892.? 3,816.3 620.8 280.9
March ......................... 1.l.8 .A 157.2 1 .250.0 .'2 .0 132.2 9-3.' 1 .003.1 -,751.' 73,.O 299.6
April ......................... ,?23-.9 112.0 l 32.2 397.9 102.8 902.1 367.9 4.3.7.9 662.2 270.2
May........................... 1 23-. 128.8 1 .3;5.4 -12.4 125.2 92.9 970.5 4,.568.9 698.. 333.8
June.......................... ,1-8.0 14.0.5 1.07.6 316.1 120.1 917.6 947.0 4,2b60. 724.5 333.8
July........................ 1,165.1 156.6 934.3 308.3 126.3 956. 856.7 3,798.9 685.3 515.7
Acgu t ....................... 1. 1.? 15 .6 711. 333.' 1,2.8 879.:. 831.9 3.621.6 bil.3 375.5
September..................... 1 2-'. 231.6 2 .: -01.6 105.' 1 ,06 .o 1.013.4 *.303.1 744.4 250.9
Octber....................... 4.8. '.5 '.3 1 0-3.3 I 36 .6 8.1 :37.2 742.8 .1 7-. 671.3 '93.7
November ..................... 1.1- .9 1- .. 1.130.6 3o2.1 112.5 736.0 615.- *.072.' b92.9 312.3
December........... ....1.....-... .-8.2 b2.6 1,179.6 314.: 116.0 1.0 7.'- 97:.3 ..716.9 241.8 -34.8



Janurtry-a rcr. .. ... .. 3.- ,.. -' '..: 3)-.' 2,1- .. '. 7',. i 2. 36.3 .213.7 1 .061.5

Januar.......................... 113..'- 13 0 1.0 .8 186.4 ...0 630.2 829.9 3.852.0 665.6 433.6
February...................... I l M t,. l.l0 3 1-1 0 9'.; 883.2 8-8.- 3.9.1.9 689.o 237.5
March.................... .... i .,. 1 i 1 .1. 1,03 I, .7 .- 6.5 390.
April ............... .........
May.... ........ ..............
Jure............... ......
July................ ...... ...
Auc u = .......... ........ ...
September r.. ... .........
October .......................
Novembt r... ........
December. .......... ..........

'.crserul L -'tlirn oeacriptior, are ar foIlo.:
0. Foo. ana litr animals 5. ChemicalB
1. Beverage, and tobacco 0. Maniiactured goods classified chiefly by material
2. Crude materials, inedDioe, except fuels 7. Machiner) and transport equipment
3. Mineral fuels. lubricant and related material. 8. Mlscellaneoii manufactured articles, n.e.c.
4. Animal ana necetable oil' and fats 9. Commodtlies and transactions not classified according to kind
fBeglnrlrg alth Janu.ay 1978 stlatiottc. total! Include data on hlipments of nonmonetary gold. See the Explanation of Statistics for addittoDal
inforastlon. See also table 1. footnote 2'.
'Adjusted for seasonal and morKing-day variation. See footnote 1 on the bottom of page 5. Annual totals are not shosm for seasonally adjusted
data. Unadjusted data should be u'ed for annual totals. The section totals in this table and Ismilar overall monthly totals in tables I and 2
were anajated Independently.











Table 5. U.S. General Imports (f.a.s. Value Basis) of Merchandise, Schedule A Sections. Seasonally

Adjusted and Unadjusted, by Month: January 1977 to March 1978

tr. millions of dollars. See Explanation or Stat ilscs for Inforrmat ion on cio-erage, date of imortatt.n, definition of f.a.s. import ialue, end
sources of error Ln the data. Unadjusted totals represent su-. of unrounden figure. and hence y vay vary -lightly from aurr of rounded amounital

Schedule A secltons'
Period
0 1 2' 3 b s 6 7 8 9'


Season lly adjusted'


1977

January-M.rch.. .............. 3.259 8 398.3 1.91,.2 11. '70.2 "13j.7 'I. 18'.O .. ;3. 8.29 3 3 1 i9 9 .I

January...................... Q84.2 '120. 596. 3.j09.6 "..9 I 352.' I .96.1 2.663.6 1.035.9 '20-.2
February...................... 1 .203.5 '1I?2.- 708.2 ..068.0 '-0.8 '367.4 1.18.3 3.037.9 1 151.5 *2:: .b
March......................... 1.03 2.1 "155.4 65 .4 ,392.6 "i8.0 "439.9 1.559... 2.596.6 1.l.l02. "20.3
April............s.......... .. 1.337.0 "121.7 665.. 3.367.1 *36.5 4.61.5 1,825.) 2.681. 1 ,08.-.6 "224.8
May ........................... 1.150.3 I4'.-..9 665.3 2.655.6 '-2.1 .12.4. 1.'53.-. 2,)59.3 1.170 2 '257.5
June.......................... 1.0J3.8 *'145.5 7,b.7 .,380.s '70.6 "..4.2 1,8.9.6 3.l 3.4 1 ,1 t.. '-,0.2.
July.......................... 1.038.5 -111.2 692.5 4.165.' '-1.8 '399. 1 .856.5 3 259.2 1,215.6 '2i0.7
August. ........................ 8659.9 '162.3 '-9.6 3.362.2 '52.6 *21.8 1.05.2 2,9d.' 1.0-5.2 "659..
Septenber..................... 8. 6.1 'I8'.< '20. [ .655.- '.. '45I... I.'I1.5 1,201.' 1 .5.5 -308.
October....................... 6.0.3 "'IJ'. 7'.7 -,029.8 "?9.0 '3-9.1 I 680.O0 3 &L.9 1 286.5 ;260.s
November............... ... .. 6840.0 "105.0 i18.1 3,677.4. 'J9.0 *311. 1,61'-.3 3.0-4.8 1 .01.8 1 .6
December...................... 1.278.0 '159.8 782.8 3.065.1 5.1 '9.. 2.100.8 3.bl'.8 L. 3'9. '327.2

1978
January-March................. j.'.-b -7..2 2.'..r. 9.8t,,.. '1 .1 ..-l .. r' i'., I' ,. 1.. I' I ..q

January....................... 1.112.- '138.1 693.. 3.198.3 329. 18.9 2.061.2 3.552., l,318.3 "] :8.2
February....................... 189.9 2 792.5 3.45-.. 8 -oo ; 72. 2.. 9.o 1 2.' i. 0.. '"253.5
March ......................... --.- I..-

May. ........................
June ..........................
July ..........................
Au _us .... ..........
September .....................
October.......................
November ........ .............
Dec ember ......................

Ira jIssted




January-December.............. l..iS5'.8 l.69.' 6.-oh.;. -.53'.2 550.' 970.' 21.367.0 16.406.8 1 .609.. 3.361.0

January-March.. ................ 1 21o.1 398.3 1.833.3 12 1i2. 135.,' I 160.0 3;6.7 8. 6-... 2..6 6 n53.1
January....................... 971.. 120.5 529.5 3.521.- 5h.9 352.7 1.428.8 2..- J.3 9-5.8 204.2
February...................... I.0NO ., 122.. 598.- 3.656.5 40.0 387.u. I .-9'..9 2,77P.6 90'.1 228.b
March ......................... 1.11.2.1 155.u. b65.- ..77 ...8 i8.0 j)Q.9 1.653.0 7,9*6b.5 1.0 1.i 220.3
April ......................... 1.31..3 121.2 652.6 3,511.9 16. -tl. 1,712.1 2.887.2 1 .009.8 :326.6
May........................... 1.122.7 1-4.9 b 6. 2.7 2.8 -2.1 412.- 1.781. 2.),b.4 1.060.2 057.5
June.......................... 1.156.8 1 5.i 63'.1 -.j 05.8 U.,6 .-9.2 .010.5 i.-l'1 .l 1,2 '.0 -03..
July. ................ .... ... 60. 111.2 1. .91 1.3 -1 3)'l.. 1,784. l .9 5. 2 l,tL.e 230.7
August ........................ 68... 162.3 771.3 '.t51.- 5; -21.8 I ,863.5 ,'1l.) ;.l .? :59.'.
September........... .. ....... 71.7 .'-) -. .6 :20. 5 '36.' l 8 .' 2 495. 25 '.- 306.-
October ..................... 812.9 137.8 '37.. .r3- .'4 '.1 3'). I ,866 .3 ,3101.5 1,-.1.1 280.5
bovember...................... 901.6 105.0 715.2 ,0.: ) 19.0 311.6 I .' 3. 3.190.1 i.118.' -1-.1
December...................... 1.249 .6 154.8 761. i3.15 .0 1 -1.1 ,.9.0 2.117.6 1.6bs .1 1.305.' 3.27.2
1978

January-March................. 3.-', -: .) : ".'9 i l ]. I I.- 1... I .3 r ; 9 .,

January ....................... 1,126.9 138.1 650.4 422.2 29. B18.9 1.982.0 3 9,3 2.7 l .2' 28.2
February....................... i1.111.I. 12 b67.2 i.V02 3 -6.6 -'2.1 2. i0 .- 3.573. I 293 2 253.5
March .................... .... ... .. .-.' 'r.) 3.- -'... .ro.. .. .i .). 1. li 5I..
April......... ..............
May.........................
June.............. .........
July ......................
August .......................
September....................
October r.......................
Nowember......................
December..................... .

'Schedule A section descripttl.n' are a; lolloss
0. Food and live annals '. Cne.1.ical,
1. Besleraes arn tobacco b. Manayact' red g oa classLrfeo cr"ielly hy material
2. Cruae materials Lr eoable. except fuel' '. Mochinr e a.r trasn.ort eqiu p.rer.
3. Mineral fuels, lubricants and related n.tertal- 8. Mt.cellane-.u. mnnufactfrea article' n.e...
a. Animal and vegetable oil and fats 9. C.-,l .dit les and transactions not clas-ifleo accordinE to kind
'Beginning with January 1978 statistics, totals Incluoe data on shIpments of nonmonetary gold. See the rxpianatlon of Statistics lor adoltlonal
Information. See also table I, footnote 2.
'Adjusted for seasonal and working-day variation. See footnote I on notton1 of page 5. Annual totals are not shown for seasonally adjusted data.
Unadjusted data should be used for annual totals. lhe section totals In this table and similar overall monthly totals In tables 1 and 3 were
adjusted Independently.
aln the absence of demonstrable seasonal patterns lor this section, no seasonal adjustalent factors have been applied to the data.








10

Table 6. U.S. General Imports (c.i.f. Value Basis) of Merchandise, Schedule A Sections, Seasonally

Adjusted and Unadjusted, by Month: January 1977 to March 1978

'in millions of dollars. See Explanation of Statistics for information on coverage. date of Iaportation, derLnll[on of C.2 f. Import value, and
sources ofni error in the data. Unadjusted totals represent sum of unrounded figures and hence may vary slightly from asu of rounded amounts)

Schedule A sections%
Period
0 1 2' ] 5 6 7


Seasonally adjusted3

1977

lanuary-M rch ............... 3.4'L.' '431. 7 2,098.7 L2,538..- 'L4.2 l1.242.2 5.125.0 8,888.6 3.434.5 *664.8

J.nuar. .. .. ... 1,052.9 '131.2 639.3 3.5b.l "60.6 "371.0 1,b613.2 2.848.2 1.113.6 '207.8
February .... l,82.0 "li.0 759.9 ..321.7 43.3 '409.7 1.846.4 3.255.8 1,236.8 '233.1
March 136.8 '167.5 699.5 4,677.6 "40.3 461.5 1.665.4 2.784.6 1.086.1 223.
April ... .. .. .. 1,420.9 l1jl.2 '16.'. 3,5'4.0 '38.8 *485. 1,953.4 3.086.3 1161 .9 '230.,
Maw .. .25.6 '157.5 724.3 3,0)0.5 4'4.5 ".35.1 1,887.4 2.947.5 1.,254.5 '261.8
J1.ne ... 1,10'.1 1 .4 197.5 '.662.1 '7..5 *'75.2 1,990.9 3.341.3 1.281.6 .40B.1
J l .... .. ,112.1 '123.0 754.9 4.. 27.9 -4. 1 '424.2 2,001.4 1.471.3 1.305.0 '234.8
Agus 425.6 "177.6 610.6 3.562.0 '55.5 "..6.8 1,.946.2 3,15..6 1,120.7 '263.8
eot eme r 96. 5.1 19.- 78182.0 ..080.3 "-4.2 'L59.8 2,072.1 3,.10.1 1.317.6 *313.0
Orxctber 936.1 "8.9 6'-1.2 &,276.1 '31.6 "371.1 2.000.4 3.650.3 1.382.6 '285.8
N-ivemner .. 2.2 '1].8 60B.0 '.2100.1 '41.6 *328.1 1.880.3 3.250.0 1.119.0 '618.2
jecemoetr .. .. l. .2 175.0 843.7 3.263.7 '45.1 '577.5 2.273.8 3.841.1 1..83.5 '332.5



January. ,- arch ................ 3.c. 2 .o :.395.1 10.---. 41 0.9 '1 ,581.:. 7.3-18.6 11. 7]. ,, .'. .b '966.0

Janus ry.... ... ... .17.9 '151.1 738.7 3.386.3 "31.5 "-. 5 2.216.0 3.764.8 1.4.56.5 '333.3
February I b'.7 '176.0 &8.6.7 3.758.3 '50.1 '500.8 2.68..2 4.195.9 1,600.1 '258.0
Marr 9.-'l. ... .',.-'> 3'9.7 i 00.2 9 1 '636.1 2.-08.. 3.812.3 1.567.0 4374.4,
April .
May ....
J.r,. ...
Jul r .
Aug-t .
Sepi Er ...
IV Lober
hoLember.. ... ...
.Pember .


.Ina. justea

1977

January-December.............. 13,424.8 1,817.5 9,160.5 -7.292.8 564.1 3.2i.5.5 22.997.2 38 830.3 14.828.0 3,413.2

January-March................. 3,424.8 431.7 1.i59.l1 12.9...8 L...2 1.242.2 -.912.3 6,855.1 3.18-.1 664.8
dtanuary....................... 1,039.2 131.2 588.8 3.762.- 60.6 171.0 1.540.6 2.665.9 1,016.7 207.6
February...................... 1,169.2 133.0 b62.1 '..099.8 43.2 409.7 1,606.4 2.975.8 1.060.7 233.1
March......................... 1.216.L 167.5 728.2 5.084.6 40.3 461.5 1.765.3 3 213.- 1,106.7 223.9
April......................... ],]ob.7 133.2 '!].8 3,'2'.7 38.8 485.3 1,832.3 3,092.5 1.083.6 230.4
May........................... 1,196.2 157.5 758.3 2.963.8 .-.5 .35.1 1.917.6 3.1I.7.9 1,136.6 261.8
June.......... ....... ........ 1,235.7 159.4 908.4 -,58 .8 '..5 475.2 2.161.1 3.647.5 1.347.0 408.1
July.......................... 1,049.8 123.0 '79.1 &.157.8 -4.1 42-.2 1.923.3 3.192.0 1.354.6 234.8
August........................ 952.4 177.6' 634.1 1.8"S.3 55.5 b-6.8 2.008.5 2.92'.1 1.320.2 263.8
September..................... 941.0 199.4 808.1 '.93Y7.5 14.2 459.8 2.041.0 3.1 1.9 1.351.9 313.0
October....................... 874.6 148.9 796.6 ),857.0 31.6 371.1 2.010.4 3.511.6 1,444.8 285.8
November...................... 964.6 111.8 :71.5 3.915.r. 41.6 328.3 1.895.7 3,399.5 1.201.8 418.2
December...................... 1,389.0 175.0 64J.0 3.335.5 -5.1 577.5 2'.292.0 3.868.0 1.403.4 332.5

1978
January-March................. 3,717.6 517.6| *'.1 -,j 1,.- 1 1J.' 1.581.5 '. 3,b.3 II.b6h .i -.321.1 966.0

January....................... 1,194.2 151.1 692.9 3,2J. 3 31.5 4'4.5 2.131.8 3,595.. 1,316.7 333.3
February...................... 1,183.1 176.0 1?1., 1713.2 5)0.1 500.8 2.367.5 3. 793.1 1,388.9 258.0
March......................... 1,340.3 190.4 ;3.1 i.62r'9 CO tjb.h i e u'.l -.307.'. 1.615. 374L.4
April .....................
May...........................
June..........................
August........... ..........

September.....................
October....................
November......................
December......................

tSchedule A section descriptions are as follows:
0. Food and live animals 5. Chemicals
1. Beverages and tobacco m MarulScturea gooan ci.silfend cnl-ely n. material
2. Crude materials, Inedible, except fuels Machti.er% ana transport equipment
3. Mineral fuels, lubricants, and related material. 8 aMa.ell neous manulacturen asricles. n e.h
4. Animal and vegetable oils and fats 9 C:n-r.odl.rles awd tranaact.lns not classilted according to kind
2Beginning with January 1978 statistics, totals include data on sanipent. of nonmonetary gold. See the Explanation of Statistics for additional
information. See also table 1, footnote 2.
'Adjusted for seasonal and working-day variation. See ioototeo 1 on bottom of page 5. Annual totals are not shown for seasonally adjusted data.
Unadjusted data should be used for annual totals. The adjusted sectionn totals In this table and similar overall monthly totals in tables I and 3
were adjusted independently.
'In the absence of demonstrable seasonal patterns for this section, no seasonal adjustment factors have been applied to the data.









GENERAL IMPORTS OF PETROLEUM AND SELECTED PETROLEUM PRODUCTS INTO
THE U.S. CUSTOMS AREA AND U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS, UNADJUSTED

Monthly and cumulative-to-date data on general imports of petroleum and selected petroleum products irto the U.S. Customs area
and into the U.S. Virgin Islands for the period January 1977 through the current month are presented in the tables that follow. Tables
1-A and 1-B present imports into the U.S. Customs area and tables 2 A and 2 present imports into the U.S. Virgin Islands. (It should
be noted that imports into the Virgin Islands are excluded from the regularly compiled foreign trade statistics and, therefore, are ex-
cluded from the data presented in tables 1-A and 1-B as well as the other tables shown in the front of this report.-See "Explanation of
Statistics".

Effective with January 1978 statistics, certain changes were made in the commodity classifications (Schedule A and TSUSA) covering
petroleum products. These changes are reflected in the listing of classifications shown below. Data presented in tables 1-B and 2-B which
follow have been revised to reflect all changes in classifications. effective January 1978.


Schedule A and TSUSA Commodity Numbers Used in Compiling the Petroleum
Information Presented in This Report


Energy products

Schedule A No.


Nonenergy products

Schedule A No.


TSUSA No.


Crude petroleum and deriv-
atives to be refined
333.0020
333.0040
334.4040


475.0510
475.1010
475.6510


Lubricating oils
334.5410 pt.

Lubricating greases
334.5410 pt.


475.4500


475.5500, 475.6000


Crude petroleum
333.0020
333.0040

Gasoline
334.1500

Jet fuel
334.1205

Kerosene
334.2000


Distillate fuel oil
334.3021

334.3041

Residual fuel oil
334.4050
334.4060

Propane and butane gas
341.0025

Liquid derivatives of
petroleum, n.e.s.
334.5430 pt.


475.0510
475.1010


475.2520, 475.2560


{475.2530
475.2550

475.3000


f475.0525
475.0545
475.1015
475.1025

475.0535
475.1035


Paraffin and other mineral
waxes
335.1225 pt.
335.1245


Asphalt
335.4500

Naphthas
334.5420


All other petroleum products
(pitch of tar coke, non-
liquid hydrocarbon mix-
tures, and calcined petro-
leum and coal coke not for
fuel)
335.3000 pt.
334.5430 pt.
598.5020 pt.


475.1525, 475.1535,
475.1545


475.6530


TSUSA No.


494.2200
494.2400



521.1100



475.3500


401.6200
475.7000
517.5120
517.5140



















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U.S. Department
of Commerce
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
Washington, D.C. 20233
Official Business


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
*llnli|lAl|ill~ll
3 1262 06586 2372

COM-202-rInm















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