Current industrial reports

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Material Information

Title:
Current industrial reports
Portion of title:
Titanium ingot, mill products, and castings
Current industrial reports
Titanium mill products, ingot, and castings
Abbreviated Title:
Titan. ingot mill prod. cast.
Physical Description:
6 v. : ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of the Census
United States -- Bureau of Domestic Business Development
United States -- Bureau of Industrial Economics
Publisher:
The Bureau :
For sale by the Subscriber Services Section (Publications), Bureau of the Census
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Creation Date:
1984
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, with annual summary
monthly
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Titanium industry -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
Chemical abstracts
Statement of Responsibility:
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Jan. 1979-Summary for 1984.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Jan.-Nov. 1981 is a combined issue. Suspended publication as of the Mar. 1981 data period with plans to resume at a later date.
Issuing Body:
Issued jointly with the Bureau of Domestic Business Development, <Feb.>-Oct. 1979; with the Bureau of Industrial Economics, Nov. 1979-
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 001320829
notis - AGH1705
oclc - 02738068
lccn - 82643233
issn - 0145-5109
sobekcm - AA00005267_00064
Classification:
lcc - HD9539.T73 U44
ddc - 380.1/456737322/0973
System ID:
AA00005267:00064

Related Items

Preceded by:
Current industrial reports. DIB-991, Titanium ingot, mill products, and castings
Succeeded by:
Current industrial reports. ITA991, Titanium mill products, ingot, and castings

Full Text
3. .156: ITA '1 (&t)- 5


CURRENT INDUSTRIAL REPORTS


*KAvs d
U.S. Department of Commerce
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
INDUSTRY AND TRADE ADMINISTRATION


SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

The total production of titanium ingot for 1984 totaled 79.9
million pounds. This represented a 51-percent increase from the
1983 figure of 52.9 million pounds. Consumption of titanium
ingot increased 52 percent from 52.5 million pounds in 1983
to 79.7 million pounds in 1984. Net shipments of titanium mill
products increased by 42 percent from 31.9 million pounds in


Ingot, Mill Products,

and Castings



985 SUMMARY FOR 1984
ITA991(841)13
Issued June 1985


to 45.4 million pounds in 1984. Castings shipments in-
reased 9 percent to 532 thousand pounds in 1984 from 488
thousand pounds in 1983. The statistics in this publication are
based on a survey of manufacturers and represent total U.S.
shipment of titanium ingot mill products and castings. Estimates
are included for companies whose reports were not received in
time for tabulation. A more complete description of this survey
appears on page 5.


Table 1. TITANIUM INGOT PRODUCTION, RECEIPTS, SHIPMENTS. CONSUMPTION, AND
1984 AND 1983


ENDING INVENTORIES:


(Quantities in thousands of pounds)

Month and year Ending
Production Receipts Shipments Consumption inventories

1984

Totall....................... 79,929 17,618 15,537 79,695 (X)
January ............................. 6,835 1,520 860 b,917 9,050
February ............................ 6,695 1,192 792 7,107 8,490
March.............................. 7,355 1,178 1,060 7,096 8,480
April.............................. 7,312 1,347 1,381 7,337 7,983
May................................. 7,074 1,123 1,863 7,329 8,095
June............................... 6,871 1,106 1,454 6,307 9,091

July................................ 7,247 1,764 1,776 6,139 8,901
August............................. 6,015 1,511 1,481 6,648 7,928
September.......................... 6,287 1,378 1,255 5,8-3 8,594
October............................ 6,534 2,193 1,120 b,979 7,931
November........................... 5,858 1,-83 1,266 6,529 7,265
December ........................... 5,846 1,823 1,229 5,464 7,548

1983

Totall....................... 52,878 11,345 10,884 52,465 (X)
January............................ 3,544 892 621 3,698 .,938
February........................... 3,698 839 977 3,5b0 5,f2ii
March.............................. 4,310 1,181 1,151 4,35- 5,017
April.............................. 3,657 746 918 3,446 5,141
May................................ 3,769 968 1,002 3,665 5,221
June............................... 5,048 924 945 5,18 5,052

July................................ 4,148 1,141 867 3,608 5,994
August............................. 4,361 961 8'15 4,814 5,920
September.......................... 5,045 950 950 5,372 5,527
October............................ 4,799 890 873 5,068 5,472
November............................ 4,745 99- 968 -,77. 5,523
December........................... 5,754 859 807 ,9-2 6,546

(X) Not applicable.
Total inventory figures are those shown for December.


Address inquiries concerning these figures to U.S. Department of Commerce. Industry and Trade Administration. Office of Basic Industries. Washington.
D.C. 20230, or to the Bureau of the Census. Industry Division. Washington, D.C. 20233. or call Don Burgess. (301) 763-7492
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington. D.C. 20402








Table 2. TITANIUM :NGOT MILL PRODUCTS AND CASTINGS: 19R.. AND 1983

(Quantitles in tho.sanar o. pounds|

Product description Total January February March A-ri I May June JIul, 1ust SIepem.'er I October INoveher I Deceber


Hill products:
Production.........................
Sheet and strip .................
Plate..........................
Forging and extrusion billet....
Rod and bar......................
Fastener stock and wire.........
Extrusions (other than tubing)...
Pipe and Cubing..................
Othert...........................

Receipts..........................
Sheet and strip..................
Plata...........................
Forging and extrusion billet ....
Rod and bar .....................
Fastener stock and wire.........
Extrusions (other than tubing)...
Pipe and tubing..................
Other...........................

met shipments2.....................
Sheet and strip.........* .......
Plate............................
Forging and extrusion billet.....
Rod and bar......................
Fastener stock and wire..........
Extrusions (other than tubing)...
Pipe and tubing..................
Other..........................

Castings: 4
Production ........................
Shipments.........................

1983

Mill products:
Production........................
Sheet and strip..................
Plate............................
Forging and extrusion billet....
Rod and bar.....................
Fastener stock and wire. .......
Extrusions (other than tubing)...
Pipe and tubing.................
Other..........................

Receipts.........................
Sheet and strip.................
Plate............................
Forging and extrusion billet.....
Rod and bar......................
Fastener stock and wire..........
Extrusions (other than tubing)...
Pipe and tubing .................
Other............................

Net shipments2.....................
Sheet and strip.................
Plate...........................
Forging and extrusion billet.....
Rod and bar ......................
Fastener stock and wire.........
Extrusions (other than tubing)...
Pipe and tubing..................
Other...........................

Castings:3
Production ........................
Shipments..........................


49,502
(1)
27,818
6,496

15,188


6,885
(1)
6,044

1841



45,380
(1)
23,809
6,104

115,467




1,684
532




34,647

(1)
17,545
4,389

112,713


4,143
(1)
3,503
(5)

I 15640



31,866
(1)
15,205
4,316

112,345




1,005
488


3,304
(1)
1,838
415

1.051



301
(1)
221


180



3,282
(1)
1,854
351

1,077




111
27




2,651
(1)
1,033
241

1,377



168
(1)
128


140



2,665
(1)
1,343
230

11092




83
34


3,506
(1)
1,968
468

1,070


(i1)
2..b66
592

I1,123


-08
(I1
I3s8


3,9;'
( I
_2.96
982

11,055


51



5J"


3,881


2.297



Il2



C11
583


..291
L 1
2. I1..
b-2

'L,-b5




559
Sl
559


( I)
1.957
Iqs
98.



.12
( 11

I53


'85 '50 I '.1 I .8 1 1)5 \ 'I


3,244
(1)
1,688
400

1,156


4.373,
(S,
( I I
2.bb76
501

1.192


j. 70..


1,916
51.7

I L


3,23.



51J

I ,079


129 1-b 19 15 410 1 .6b
44 3. 0 52 36 ?


2,418
(1)
1,096
306

11,016



224
(1)
153


171


2,633
(1)
1,320
335

1978


2,887
(1)
1,491
258

11,138



191
(1)
167
(5)

1 524



2,876
(1)
1,472
262

11,142


2,567
(1)
1,335
317

1915



198
(1)
174


124


2,479
(1)
1,368
303

1808


104 100 94
61 55 42


3,021
(1)
1,584
291

11,146



422
(1)
389


133



2,691
(1)
1,183
310

11,198




81
47


i,009
(1)
1.892
613

I ,504


3,132
(1)
1,743
458

1931



355
(1)
241
(5)

1 5114



2,642
(1)
1,367
412

1863




84
41


I I _. 1 .6 ___ 1. __


Ibbb
],-

I 1.22
SI'

lI, I.


2,577
(1)
1,224
350

11,003


314
(1)
254


160



2,287
(1)
992
351

1944




48
29


(I)
3.9 1.



'90

11I23


1.4Ib
S,. lb
( I )
1.651
'A85

l11 .74


2,845
(1)
1,629
354

1862



432
(1)
356
(5)

1 576



2,437
(1)
1,141
356

1940



71
32


fl

:.bbb
590

1. 502


599
(I 1
SIl


S.b)l
(I)
2.512
%hh





383
(1)
2'5


',893








797
191
(1t
69'


ia. 1108 I '10


e..,59* ..-.8.
(1) (1)
2.530 2.459
562 574

1'.505 I1.'51


158
59




3,546
(1)
1,859
390

11,297



735
(1)
673


14t
.5




3,020
(1)
1,445
490

11,085



314
41)
288


11.450
3.827











47




2.864

1,498
1.1


191 I 1024


162 126 1 36


3,050
(1)
1,315
394

11,341




85
35


2,656
(1)
1,107
486

1,063



75
29


'.55,
(I)



I
1.388


S.058

(1)
916






3,801


1.926
493

11.384




175
51




3.119
(I)

1.608
587


430
(1)
356


174


2,903
(1)
1,393
454

'1.056



103
39


- Represents zero.

Data for sheet and strip, plate, extrusions (other than tubing), and pipe and tubing have been combined to avoid disclosing Individual company data.
3Net shipments is the sum of mill products shipments plus mill products consumed in the manufacture of fabricated products, less total receipts.
Includes gross weight of castings before machining.
4Data for fastener stock and wire is included with extrusions, pipe and tubing and other to avoid disclosing individual company data.
Data for rod and bar have been combined with fastener stock and wire, extrusions, pipe and tubing, and other to avoid disclosing individual company data.


i i i


i i









Table 3. NET SHIPMENTS, EXPORTS, IMPOPrS. AND APPAk NI CuNSUMPTIUN OF TIrANIrM INGur, MILL PRllOulCT. AND CASTINCi: I4d.

(Quantit, Ir. thousrana io pounds

Percent percent
Month Exports oi exports to I.ports to
Manufacturers' aomew;tc nanuf cturers' imparts tor Apparent apparent
net rnlpmerit a erchandiel 2 net rr. pment[ :onnampttonr co'sunptIon" c.nr.uplptIon

TOTAL

Total............................................. 0,9b 5,69o 9 ,Oil 1,.251
Titanium Ingot and forging and extrusion billet .... 11,96b -.1*1 11 351 3 .',n I
Titanlua mill products .............................. .1.2. 0 .1555 I 1.680 21.''. 8

DECEMBER

Total............................................ -,663b b I56 I 8 -,3i
Titanium Ingot and forging and extrusion billet .... 2.16b .93 II 52 2.S.5
Titantum mill products.............................. 1,86 7 Ih 9 lib 1.830

NOVEMBER

Total.............. ....... .................. ...,bh19 .0 Lu 138 ..2d'
TltanI.m Ingot and forging and extrusion billet .... 2,633 3)- 1 -3a 3. 0
Titanium mill products................................. 1,9b 130 9 ) 1.9-.6

OCTOBER

Total ............................................ 5,5-. .5b 10 9' > ,
Titanium Ingot and forging and extrusion billet. .... t,519 .. 0 13 3,05) (Z)
Titanium mill products.............................. 2,025 116 6 91 2,000 5

SEPTEMBER

Total............................................ 5.978 354 6 269 5,893 5
Titanium ingot and forging and extrusion billet5.... 3911 242 6 19 3,688 1
itaunim aill products............................. 2,067 112 5 250 2,205 11

AUGUST

Total...................................... ...... 5,279 327 6 218 5,170 4
TItanlum Ingot and forcing and extrusion billet'.... 3,520 210 6 56 3,366 2
Titanium mill products.............................. 1,759 117 7 162 1,804 9

JULY

Total.................... ......................... 4,861 481 10 168 4,548 4
Titanlum Ingot and forging and ext ruson billet'.... 3,120 364 12 9 2,765 (2)
Titantum mill products.............................. 1,741 117 7 159 1,783 9

JUNE

Total........................................... 5,785 693 12 113 5,205 2
titanium ingot and forging and extrusion billet5.... 3668 369 10 6 3,305 (Z)
ritanlum mill products.............................. 2,117 324 15 107 1,900 6

MAY

Total........................................... 4,715 584 12 169 4,300 4
Titanium ngot and forging and extrusion billet5.... 3,125 467 15 12 2,670 (Z)
Titanium m1ll products.............................. 1,590 117 7 157 1,630 10

APRIL

Total.... ....... ............. ....................... 4,959 486 10 178 4,651 4
Titanium ingot and forging and extrusion billet5.... 3,231 423 13 46 2,854 2
Titantum mill products.............................. 1,728 63 4 132 1,797 7

MARCH

Total............................... ..... ... .. 5,493 488 9 304 5,307 6
Titanium Ingot and iorging and extrusion billet.... 3,796 395 10 67 3,468 2
Titanium mill products............................... 1,697 93 7 237 1,841 13

FEBRUARY

Total............................................. 4,509 370 8 87 4,226 2
Titanlum ingot and forging and extrusion billet,... 2,904 265 9 2,640 (Z)
Titanium mill products.............................. 1.605 105 7 86 1,586 5

JANUARY

Total........................................ .... 4,511 431 9 122 4,202 3
Titanlum ingot and forging and extrusion billet5.... 3,083 333 11 29 2,779 I
Titanium mill products. ............................ 1,428 98 7 93 1,423 7

(Z) Less than one-half of 1 percent.

See table 4 for comparison of Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) codes, Schedule B export numbers, and TSUSA import numbers.
3Source: Bureau of the Census report FT-410, U.S. Exp.,rtl--Scr.edul E--C oneIoaty by CUantrt.
Source: Bureau of the Census report IM 145-X, U.E. Importis l r Co, .,npti or. arid Ge'er;t imports.
;Apparent consumption is derived by subtracting exparti fIram the ata-l of net ihlpT.e.at cl.J: mi ..orti.
Comparability of output, export, and import classifications for ingot and billet assume that blown, sheet bar, and slab are reported as ingot
or billet in the output codes. Figures for imports of ingot and billet also include powder, crystal, and similar forms which are excluded from
the output and export codes.








Table 4. COMPARISON OF STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION (SIC) CODES, SCHEDULE 8 EXPORT NUMBERS, AND TSUSA IMPORT NUMBERS


Product Export Import
Produ Product description ber Product description product description

33562 741 Titanium ingot and forging and 630.6520 Titanium ingots, billets blooms, 2629.1460 Unwrought titanium metal, except
extrusion billet sheet bars, and slabs sponge

33562 79 Titanium mill products 630.6570 Wrought titanium metal including 629.2000 Wrought titanium metal, including
alloys (excludes sponge ingots, alloys (excludes waste, scrap,
billets brooms, sheet bars, and unwrought metal
slab, waste and scrap)


1Comparability of output, export, and import classification for ingot and billet assume that bloom, sheet bar, and slab are reported as
ingot or billet in the output numbers.
Figures for imports of ingot and billet also include powder crystals and similar primary forms which are excluded from the output and
export numbers.








DESCRIPTION OF SURVEY

Scope of Survey. This survey covers companies engaged in pro-
ducing titanium ingot, mill products, and castings.

Survey Methodology. The statistics in this publication are col-
lected by mail on Bureau of the Census quarterly Form ITA991,
Titanium Metal. The panel for this survey includes all known pro-
ducers of titanium ingot, mill products, and castings, approx-
imately 30 companies.

Survey Error. Figures for the current month include estimates
for panel members for which reports were not received in time
for tabulation. Such missing figures are "imputed" based on
month-to-month movements shown by reporting firms. Imputa-
tion generally is limited to a maximum of 10 percent for any one
data cell. Figures with imputation rates greater than 10 percent
are footnoted.
The imputation rate is not an explicit indicator of the poten-
tial error in published figures due to nonresponse because the
actual monthly movements for nonrespondents may or may not
closely agree with the imputed movements. The probable range
of difference between the actual and imputed figures is not
precisely known but is assumed to be small. The degree of uncer-
tainty regarding the accuracy of the published data, however,
increases as the percentage of imputation increases. Figures with
imputation rates above 10 percent should be used with caution.

Revisions to Previous Period Data. Data may be revised as the
result of corrected figures received from respondents or other
corrections. Figures which have been revised by more than 5
percent from previously published figures are indicated by
footnotes.


EXPLANATION OF TERMS

Gross Shipments of Mill Products. Represents mill shapes ship-
ped between producers plus mill shapes consumed in the pro-
duction of fabricated products such as forgings.

Net Shipments of Mill Products. Represents gross shipments less
receipts. For detail categories, net shipments also includes con-
sumption in the manufacture of other mill shapes.

Sheet and Strip. Flat roll mill products with thickness less than
or equal to .187 inch.

Plate. Flat roll mill products with thickness exceeding .187 inch
and greater than 10 inches wide.

Forging and Extrusion Billet. Rounds, squares, and rectangles
with a cross-sectional area greater than or equal to 16 square
inches and width less than 5 times thickness.

Rod and Bar. Rounds greater than % inch diameter and less than
or equal to 4- V' inches in diameter. Squares with cross-sections
less than 16 square inches. Rectangles with widths less than


or equal to 10 inches and thickness less than 3/16 and cross-
sectional area less than 16 inches square.

Fastener Stock and Wire. Rounds with diameter less than or
equal to V inch.

Extrusions (Other Than Tubing). Any product of any shape, ex-
cept pipe and tubing, produced by forcing heated metal through
a die.

Pipe and Tubing. All seamless and welded pipe and tubing.

Ingot. Includes direct casting of extrusion billet and other similar
products.

Stocks. Equal to the end of the prior period plus production and
receipts for the current period, minus consumption and
shipments.

COMPARISON OF EXPORT, IMPORT, AND DOMESTIC
OUTPUT DATA

The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system used for
domestic output and the statistical export and import commodity
classifications were developed independently. This results in con-
siderable difficulty in comparing the three types of data for many
commodity areas. The domestic output classification is based
on type of industry; on the other hand, the export and import
classification system is more materials oriented. Aside from the
differences in the basic commodity classifications, there are ad-
ditional problems involving import data, since there are a substan-
tial number of imported commodities which are not produced
in the United States or which are produced only in very small
quantities and which, therefore, have no comparable domestic
output classification. The relationships shown in this report
should be considered only as approximations, since, in addition
to the problems mentioned above, there are also the following
problems affecting the comparability of the three sets of data.

Valuation. There are different methods of valuation for the three
types of data:

* Domestic Output. Valued at the point of production. It in-
cludes the net sales price, f.o.b. plant, after discounts and
allowances, exclusive of freight charges and excise taxes.

* Exports. Valued at the point of exportation. It includes the
selling price, or cost if not sold, and inland freight, insurance
and other charges to the export point.
Estimated producers' values of exports have also been
developed. These values more closely approximate the values
reported for domestic output because they exclude freight,
insurance, and other charges applied from the producing plant
to the export point.

* Imports. Valued at the first port of entry in the United States.
It includes c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight), duty, and other
charges to the import point.







Duplication in Quantity and Value of Output. Because producers'
shipments of some commodities may be used as materials for
incorporation into other commodities, combinations of data for
such commodities may contain a certain amount of duplication.
Thus, percentages of exports to output or imports to apparent
consumption (output plus imports minus exports) at four-digit
or broader levels may be understated. Where duplication is
known to be substantial, the output data are appropriately noted
in the table.


Low-Value Export and Import Transactions. Detailed commodity
information is not included for individual import shipments valued
at not more than $250 or for individual export shipments valued
at not more than $500. This is believed to have only negligible
effects on the statistics for the bulk of the commodities.


Manufacturers' Shipments, Not Specified by Kind. The value of
manufacturers' shipments at the four-digit industry level often
includes a small amount which is not distributed among the in-
dividual five-digit product classes. Export and import percentages
at the more detailed levels might, therefore, be slightly
overstated.


Time Lag Between Output and Exports. There will be a lag
between the time a commodity is produced or shipped by the
producer and the time it is actually exported, especially when
intermediaries (wholesalers, exporters, etc.) are involved. Or-
dinarily, this type of discrepancy is insignificant in annual figures.


'Direct" vs "Total" Commodity Exports and imports. Export and
import data do not include materials which are incorporated into
other more finished products and exported or imported in finished
form. Thus, by showing only direct exports and imports, the rela-
tion of exports to output and imports to apparent consumption
for intermediate products is considerably understated.


Used Commodities. With a few exceptions, used or rebuilt com-
modities are classified in the same import or export codes as
is new merchandise. Percentages are thus overstated to the
extent that used or rebuilt products are significant in trade.



Geographic Area of Coverage. Import and export data reflect the
movement of merchandise into and out of U.S. foreign trade
zones, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the U.S. customs territory
(includes the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto
Rico)


HISTORICAL NOTE


Data on titanium metal have been collected by the Bureau of
the Census since 1955. Historical data may be obtained from
Current Industrial Reports (called Facts for Industry before 1959)
available at your local Federal Depository Library. A list of these


libraries may be obtained from the Bureau of the Census regional
offices:


Office


Telephone


Atlanta, Georgia
Boston, Massachusetts
Charlotte, North Carolina
Chicago, Illinois
Dallas, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Detroit, Michigan
Kansas City, Kansas
Los Angeles, California
New York, New York
Philadelphia. Pennsylvania
Seattle, Washington


(404) 881-2271
(6171 223-2327
(704) 371-6142
(3121 353-6251
(214) 767-0621
(303) 234-3924
(313) 226-7742
(816) 374-4601
(213) 209-6616
(212) 264-3860
(215) 597-4920
(206) 442-7828


RELATED REPORTS

A monthly Current Industrial Report also is published in this
series. The Bureau of the Census publishes the following related
reports:


Series


Frequency


Current Industrial Reports


M33-2


M33A

M33E


Monthly


Monthly

Monthly


MA33B Annually

MA33G Annually

Other Industry Reports


M3-1


(AS)


(MC)


Monthly


Annually




Quinquennially


Foreign Trade Reports

EM 546 Monthly


IM 145-X Monthly


Aluminum Ingot and Mill
Products

Iron and Steel Castings

Nonferrous Castings

Steel Mill Products

Magnesium Mill Products


Manufacturers' Shipments.
Inventories, and Orders

Annual Survey of
Manufactures
(ASM)

Census of Manufactures


U.S. Exports-Schedule
B-Commodity by Country

U.S. Imports for Con-
sumption and General
Imports









CONTACTS FOR DATA USERS


Subject Area

Current Industrial
Report ITA991

Manufacturers'
Shipments,
Inventories, and
Orders

Census/ASM

To order a Census
Bureau publication

Foreign Trade
publication


Contact

Don Burgess


Ruth Runyan



Dale Gordon

Customer Service
(DUSD)

Joyce Ware


Phone Number

(301) 763-7492


(301) 763-2502




(301) 763-7304

(301) 763-4100


(301) 763-5140


Subject Area


Contact


International Trade James Manion
Administration


Phone Number


(202) 377-5157


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This report was prepared in the Industry Division, Bureau of
the Census, under the direction of Malcolm Bernhardt, Chief,
Current Durables Branch, and Jesse Havard, Chief, Metals Sec-
tion. Nathaniel Shelton was directly responsible for the review
of the data and preparation of the report. Gaylord E. Worden,
Chief of the Division, and Thomas L. Mesenbourg, Assistant
Chief for Current Industrial Reports, provided overall direction
and coordination to this project.






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U.S. Government Printing Office
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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
II I1 III II IIIIII II M III UlIIII 1111111
3 1262 08589 3641
POSTAGE & FEES PAID
CENSUS
PERMIT No. G-58