Current industrial reports

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Material Information

Title:
Current industrial reports
Portion of title:
Titanium ingot, mill products, and castings
Current industrial reports
Titanium mill products, ingot, and castings
Abbreviated Title:
Titan. ingot mill prod. cast.
Physical Description:
6 v. : ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of the Census
United States -- Bureau of Domestic Business Development
United States -- Bureau of Industrial Economics
Publisher:
The Bureau :
For sale by the Subscriber Services Section (Publications), Bureau of the Census
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Creation Date:
1983
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, with annual summary
monthly
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Titanium industry -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
Chemical abstracts
Statement of Responsibility:
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Jan. 1979-Summary for 1984.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Jan.-Nov. 1981 is a combined issue. Suspended publication as of the Mar. 1981 data period with plans to resume at a later date.
Issuing Body:
Issued jointly with the Bureau of Domestic Business Development, <Feb.>-Oct. 1979; with the Bureau of Industrial Economics, Nov. 1979-
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 001320829
notis - AGH1705
oclc - 02738068
lccn - 82643233
issn - 0145-5109
sobekcm - AA00005267_00051
Classification:
lcc - HD9539.T73 U44
ddc - 380.1/456737322/0973
System ID:
AA00005267:00051

Related Items

Preceded by:
Current industrial reports. DIB-991, Titanium ingot, mill products, and castings
Succeeded by:
Current industrial reports. ITA991, Titanium mill products, ingot, and castings

Full Text

C 3,158- rTA 9If()-t3

CURRENT INDUSTRIAL REPORTS


U.S. Department of Commerce
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
INDUSTRY AND TRADE ADMINISTRATION


SUMMARY OF FINDINGS


The total production of titanium ingot for 1983 totaled 52.9
million pounds. This represented less than a 1-percent decrease
from the 1982 figure of 53.1 million pounds. Consumption of
titanium ingot decreased 5 percent from 55.1 million pounds
in 1982 to 52.5 million pounds in 1983. Net shipments of titan-
ium mill products decreased by 13 percent from 36.6 million


lum Ingot, Mill Products,

JB and Castings


SUMMARY FOR 1983
S) ITA991(83)-13
S19 Issued July 1984


2 to 31.9 million pounds in 1983. Castings ship-
reased 6 percent from 521 thousand pounds in 1982
To 488 thousand pounds in 1983. The statistics in this publica-
tion are based on a survey of manufacturers and represent total
U.S. shipment of titanium ingot mill products and castings.
Estimates are included for companies whose reports were not
received in time for tabulation. A more complete description of
this survey appears on page 6.


Table 1. TITANIUM INGOT PRODUCTION, RECEIPTS, SHIPMENTS, CONSUMPTION, AND ENDING INVENTORIES:
1983 AND 1982


(Quantities In thousands of pounds)

Ending
Month and year Ending
Production Receipts Shipments Consumption inventories
1983

Total ....................... 52,878 11,345 10,884 52,465 (X)
January............................ 3,544 892 621 3,698 4,938
February............................ 3,698 839 977 3,560 5,020
March.............................. 4,310 1,181 1,151 4,354 5,017
April.............................. 3,657 746 918 3,446 5,141
May................................. 3,769 968 1,002 3,665 5,221
June............................... 5,048 924 945 5,168 5,052

July................................ 4,148 1,141 867 3,608 5,994
August............................. 4,361 961 805 4,814 5,920
September.......................... 5,045 950 950 5,372 5,527
October............................ 4,799 890 873 5,068 5,472
November.......................... 4,745 994 968 4,770 5,523
December .......................... 5,754 859 807 4,942 6,546

1982

Total ....................... 53,072 8,670 8,492 55,161 (X)
January............................ 6,452 955 1,363 6,222 6,523
February........................... 6,505 1,252 973 6,202 6,686
March............... ............... 6,858 1,071 867 7,320 6,552
April.............................. 5,001 806 769 5,204 6,405
May................................ 3,610 670 456 4,480 3,994
June............................... 4,017 588 653 4,631 5,411

July............................... 3,284 542 528 3,118 5,634
August............................. 3,877 589 466 3,676 5,884
September.......................... 3,392 498 846 3,407 5,579
October............................. 3,598 534 671 3,829 5,386
November.............. ............. 3,444 532 595 4,058 4,707
December............................ 3,034 633 305 3,014 5,068

(X) Not applicable.
Total inventory figures are those shown for December.

Address inquiries concerning themes figures to the U.S. Department of Commerce, Industry and Trade Administration. Office of Basic Industries, Washing-
ton, D.C., 20230. or to the Bureau of the Census, Industry Division, Washington, D.C. 20233, or call Nethaniel A. Sheton. (301) 763-5547.
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.








Table 2. TITANIAUM INGOT HILL PRODUCTS AND CASTINGS: 1983 AND 1982

(Quantities In thousands of pounds)
Product description Total January February Hatch April May June July August September October November December
I I- _____________


1983

Kill product:
Productlon....................,
Shebet sd strip.................
Plate..........................
Forging and extrusion billet.....
Rod and bar .....................
Fastener acock and wire..........
exrrualona (ocher than tubing)...
Pipe and tubing ................
Other.........................

Receiptsn...........................
Sbeet and atrip.................
plate..............................
Forging and extrusion billet.....
Rod and bar.....................
Fastener stock and wire..........
Extrusions (other than tubing)...
Pipe and tubing................
Other............................

Net shipments .....................
Sheet and atrip.................
Platre...........................
Forging and extrusloo billet.....
Rod and bar .....................
Fastener stock and wire..........
Extrualons (other than rtulngj...
Pipe and tublng................
Other ........... ...............


34,647
(1)
71,545
4,389

12,713


4,163
(1)
3.503
(2)

1 2640



31,866
(1)
15,205
4,316

1 2,345


Castings:
Production ........................ 1,005
Shipment ............. .... ....... *88


1968

hill products:
Product ion.......................
Sheet and strlp..................
Plate. ...........................
Forring and extruslon billet.....
Rod and bar......................
Fastener stock and wire..........
Extrusions (other than tubing)...
Pipe and tubing...................
Other... .................... ..

Recelptse..........................
Sheet and strip.................
Plate. .........................
Forging and extrusion billet.....
Rod and bar......................
Fastener stock ana wire..........
Ex:r.slona (other than tubing)...
Pipe and tunbng..................
Other.........................

Net shipments .....................
Sheet and strip..................
Plate.,......................,
Forging and exLruslon billet.....
Rod and bar........,.............
Fastener stock and sire..........
Extrelons other than tubing)...
Pipe and tubing..................
Other ...........................

Castings:
Production. .......................
Shipments ..........................


19,2-3
-.100
588

13,290


-.'81


.,303






36.5b2


18,185
.,166
351
113.60



'9,1
521


2,651
(1)
1,033
241

11,377



168
(1)
128


640



2,665
(1 2
1,3-3
230

S1,092



83
3.






(iI
2,.93



I ..4,


825






8.


3I.oii


1,707

92

1I .2.4


2,6L8
(1)
1,096
306

11,016



224
(1)
153


171



2,633
(I)
1,320
335

197


2,887
(1)
1,491
258

11.138



191
(1)
167
(2)

S22 A



2,876



262

11,1-2


2.567
(1)
1.335
317

1915



198
(1)
174


124


2,79
(II
1,368
303

1808


10l- 00 q-
61 55 .2


-,l85


2.332
-16
72
















( )
1,753
.17
09

1 ,219


-,361


2,4-.
312
82





1 1 b

543






4.-5.


2,302
04-
82

I .b26



90.
5s


3,209



-L,3
SI
67

I ,070


353


320



SI3


3.-lb
( I )
1,910
3J3
73

1 ,0



69
5.


3,021
(1)
1,584
291

11 .14


422
(I)
389


133


2,691
(I )
1,183
310

1 198


3,08a
( I
1 ,703
-23
6b

869-


357
('3
321



3n


2,9-b



2.9
53

1 .103



59
*5


3,132
(1)
1,763
458

1931


355


241
(2)

1 2114



2,642
(1)
1,367
412

]863


3.188
I)
1,787
228
60

1.,113


387


345



1.2


3,166
( I )
1,622
353
52

S1,139


2.577
(1)
1,224
350

11,003


314
(1)
254


160


2,287
(1)
992
351

1964




48
29




2,33
ii)
1,2-6
27-
2.

1889


I s
(i)
129



'I 5


2.382
31)
1,222
2'3
29

1'58


2,845
(I)
1,629
354

1862


432
(1)
356
(2)

1 276



2,437
(I )

356

19-0


2,339

(I)
1,087

23

1888





(I I

Ib
16


2.342
(I)
1,099
322
30

1891



60
35


3,546
(1)
1,859
390

11,291


135
(1)
673


3,020
(I
2.415
490

1,.085


314
(1)
288


2,864
(I)
1,498
447

'919



360
(I)
324


1b2 1 281 36


1 1,341


2,877


1.383
359
67

S1.068


379
il,
3&0



I9


2 994


1.329
359
71


2.656
(1)1
1.101
486

11.063



75
29




2,357
(I )
1.129
329
14
I


307
(1)
2715






2.359



310
(5)


2.547
( I)
1,204
423

1920



77
44




2,347
(1)
1.041
208
19


Ij




151



20


2,501
(1)
1,221
181
(5)


3.119

(l1



I
1,608
be7

11,024



430
(I)
358


14



2,903


1,393
454

I.B




103
39




2. o6
( I)
9b6
327
19

1,05.


b16





2 1


2.869


1(369
132
( 5)


11,235 I 5939 II S1,099 1,167


36 52
36 '3


- Represents zero.

DData for sheet and strip, plate, extrusions (other than tubing), and pipe and tubing have been combined to avoid disclosing Individual rompany data.
Data for rod and bar have been combined with fastener stock and wire, extrusions, pipe and tubing, and other to avoid disclosing individual company data.
3Net shipments is the sum of mill products shipments plus mill products consumed in the manufacture of fabricated products. less total receipts.
4Data for fastener stock and vire is included with extrusions, pipe and tubing and other to avoid disclosing Individual company data.
5Includes gross weight of castings before machining.


I I I L


.. 41


1 615
39 35








3
Table 3. NET SHIPMENTS, EXPORTS, IMPORTS, AND APPARENT CONSUMPTION OF TITANIUM INGOI, MILL PRODUCTS, AND CASTINGS: 1983

(Thousands of pounds)

Exports of domestic
merchandise 2 Percent Percent
Month exports to Imports for imports to
Manufacturers' Value Estimated manufacturers' consumpt lon Apparent apparent
net shipments at producers net shipments consump ionb consumption
(quantity) Ouantity port value (quantity) Quantity halue5 (quantity) quantity)

TOTAL

Total........................................... *2.750 ',307 52,199 50,699 17 2,033 18,276 40,-76
Titanium ingot and forging and extrusion billet7... 26,089 2,740 29,23. 28.25 17 161 1,443 23.510 2
Ttanium mill products............................. 16,661 1,567 22,965 22,27. 17 1,872 16.833 16,966 10

DECEMBER

Total........................................... 3,710 753 9,690 9,332 5 129 1,ll] 3.086 4
Titanium Ingot and forging and extrusion billet7... 2.200 2.0 2,16 2,<25 10 I 1 1,961 (Z)
Titanium mill products............................. 1,510 513 7,172 6,907 ; 128 1,117 1,125 11

NOVEMBER

Total............................................ 3.515 2b8 2,829 2,753 8 156 ,'.45 3.403 j
Titanium nagot and forging and extrusion nillet7... 2,172 180 1,72 1,6I81 8 5 62 1,997 (2)
Titanium mill products............................. 1,3a3 88 1,102 I,n72 2 151 1,383 1.-Ol II

OCTOBER

Total........................................... 3,529 361 3,623 3,526 10 195 1.531 3,363 6
Titanium Ingot and forging and extrusion billet7... 1,960 265 2,5.5 2,477 13 13 139 1,72 1
Titanium mill products ............................. 1,549 96 1,0'8 1.0-9 6 182 1,392 1,635 II

SEPTEMBER

Total............................................. -.000 43. *.,l8 3,910 II 229 2.068 3,795 6
Titanium ingot and forging and estruslon billet7... 2,265 377 3,210 3.124 1' 30 210 1.918 2
TitanIum mill products.............................. 1,735 57 808 786 3 199 1,878 1,877 11

AUGUST

Total................................ ........... 3,2-2 349 3,6898 3,79 1 18 1.632 3,07- 6
Titanlum Ingot and forging and extrusion bilet7... 1.906 293 2.803 2,28 15 9 e2 1.662
Titantum mill products............................. 1,296 56 1,095 1.0I 172 1,5 0 1,.12 12

JULY

Total............................................ 3,15- 27. 3,'32 3.,32 9 169 1,262 3,0-9 6
Titanium Ingot and forging and extrusion blllet7... 1.859 1-8 2,125 2.068 12 93 1,723 1
Titanlum mill products............................. 1,295 12a 1,607 1,56- 10 15i 1,169 1,32b 12

JUNE

Toral............................................ 3.581 371 .3150 .,233 1i 19* 2., 17 3,'10 6
Titanium Ingot and forging and extrusion billet7... 2,312 269 2..97 2,..0 12 20 13 2,063 I
Titanium mill products............................. 1,275 102 1.853 1,803 8 174 ,8.-- 1,3 13

MAY

Total............................................ 3,693 3'9 3,'-" 2 ,6.1 10 l1 2,0b2 3,555
Titanium ingot and forging and extrusion billet'... 2,185 241 1,615 1,766 11 2- 185 1,968 L
Titanlum mill products............................. 1,508 138 1.927 1,875 1 217 1,877 1,583 14

APRIL

Total............................................ 3,397 327 -.650 -,425 10 102 5 3.1'2 3
TItanium Ingot and forging and extrusion oiller7... 2,286 230 i,362 3.2'2 10 9 95 2,05s (Zi
ritanlum mill products............................. 1.11 -1 1.288 1,253 9 93 8z4 1,107 8

HARCH

Total........................................... .,027 385 4,312 5,169 Ju 169 1,481 3,811 4
Titanlum ingot and forging and extrusion billet7... 2,623 229 3,02. 24,9*3 9 68 2,-01 12)
Titanlum mill products............................. 1,404 156 2.288 2,226 11 162 1,-93 1,.-10 II

PEBRuARY

Total............................................ 3,610 124 2.62' 2,556 3 1t2 I.b67 3.5-8 4
Titanium Ingot and forging ana extrusion billet7... 2.297 56 1,111 1,081 2 25 23- 2,266 1
Titanium mill products............................. 1,313 68 1,516 1,.75 5 13; 1,233 1,382 10

JANUARY

Total........................................... 3.286 282 3,728 I3,t28 7 106 1,107 3.110 3
Titanium Ingot and forging and extrusion billet'... 1,96. 212 2.497 2.t4i0 9 6 85 1,758 (2)
Titanium mill products............................. 1,322 70 1.231 1,198 5 100 1.022? 1.352

(Z) Less than one-half of I percent.

2See table 5 for comparison of Standard Industrial Classification (iIC1 codes, Schedule B export numbers and TSU5A Import numbers.
3Source: Bureau of the Census report PT-410, U.S. Exports--Schedule E--Commodity by Country.
These values were derived by use of adjustment factors to exclude freight, insurance, and other charges Incurred in moving goods to the port of export. This
adjustment is made to convert the values to an approximarlon of the producers' value of exported goods. Current adjustment iacc.Ers are based on data for 1981 which
are published in Origin of Exports of Manufacturing Establishments, MBI(AS)-5, appendix h. Comparable adjustment factors for earlier years are based on similar
factors developed for 1971 and 1972. The current adjustment factor for this report Is 0.9731.
4Source: Bureau of the Census report IM 145-X, U.S. Imports for Consumption and General Imports.
5The value Includes c.l.f. (cost, Insurance, and freight) at the first port of entry In the United States plus l.S. Import duties and other charges to the import
point.
6Apparent consumption Is derived by subtracting exports from the total of net shipments plus Imports.
7Comparability of output, export, and Import classifications for Ingot and billet assume that biowm, sheet bar, and slab are reported as Ingot on billet in the
output codes. Figures for imports of Ingot and billet also Include powder, crystal, and similar forms unlch are excludes from the output and export codes.









Table 4. NET SHIPMENTS. REPORTS. IMPORTS. AND APPARENT CONSUMPTION OF TITANIUM INGOT. HILL PRODUCTS. AND CASTINGS; 1982

(Thousands of pounds)

Exports of domestic
mecchandisel 2 Percent Percent
Month exports to Imports for Lmports to
manufacturers' Value Esluated manufacturer' consumptlan Apparent apparent
net shipments ar producers ot shipments consumption6 consumption
(quantity) Quantity port value3 (quantity) Quantity Values (quantity) (quantity)


TOTAL

Total................................... .......
Tianlum Ingot and forging and extrusion billet7...
Titanlu mill products.............................

DECEMBER

Total............................................
Titanum ingot and forging and extrusion billet7...
Titanium mill producos............................

NOVEMBER

Total............................................
Titaniu ingot and forging and extrusion billet7...
Titanium mill products............................

OCTOBER

Total...........................................
Titanium ingot and forging and extrusion billet7...
Titanium mill productsa............................

SEPTEMBER

Total...........................................
Titanium ingot and forging and extrusion billet7...
Titanium mill products............................

AUGUST

Total..........................................
Titanium ingot and forging and extrusion billet7...
Titanium mill products .............................

JULY

Total.............................................
Titanium ingot and forging and extrusion billet7...
Titanium mill products.............................

JUNE

Total..................... ...... ................
Titanium ingot and forging and extrusion billet7...
Titanium mill products.............................

MAY

Total...........................................
Titanium ingot and forging and extrusion billet7...
Titanium mill products............................

APRIL

Total...... ...................... ............
Titanium ingot and forging and extrusion billet7...
Titanium mill products............................

MARCH

Total......... .................................
Titanium ingot and forging and extrusion billet7...
Titanium mill products............................

FEBRUARY

Total............................................
Titanium ingot and forging and extrusion billet7...
Titanium mill products............................

JANUARY

Total ............................................
Tltsanl.um Ingot and forglni and entrulon btlle ...
TItaelu mill products ............................


5,.054
26,671
18.311


3,096 609
1,816 403
1.280 206


3,840 525
2,175 162
1,665 363


100,606
60,239
40,367


290 4.267
221 2,927
69 1,340


7,638
4,558
3.080



5,094
2,175
2,919



6,329
2,556
3,773


2,808 900 9,985
1,565 482 6,022
1,243 418 3,963


I ._ I _


5,603
2,731
2,872



7,144
5,496
1,648



13,077
9,165
3,912



7,845
5,066
2,779



9,570
5,586
3,984



11,456
6,037
5,419



12,598
7,920
4,678


97.901
58.618
39,283



A.152
2.848
1,304



7.432
4,435
2,997



4.957
2,116
2,841



6,159
2,487
3,672



9,716
5,860
3,856



5,453
2,658
2,795



6,952
5,348
1,604



12,725
8,918
3,807



7,634
4,930
2,704


11,148
5,875
5,273



:.2,50
7.774
4,552


2,166
426
1.740



107

106



110
1
109



109
12
97



304
9
295


22.269
3,976
18,293



873
4
869



1,056
5
1,051



1,265
194
1.071



3,057
101
2,956


188 1,964
59 505
129 1,459


20 329 3,285
22 106 1,011
16 223 2,274


13 191
14 71
11 120


222 2,726
39 584
183 2,142


40,020
22.711
17.309



2,991
1,454
1,537



2,597
1.414
1.183



2,752
1.656
1.096



3,619
2,022
1,597



2.096
1,142
954



2.708
1.529
1,179



3,357
1.853
1.504



3,065
1.664
1,401


(Z) Less than one-half of I percent.

2See table 5 for comparison of Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) codes, Schedule B export numbers, and TSUSA import numbers.
Source: Bureau of the Census report FT-410, LI.'. Exporro--Schedule E--Commodlty by Country.
These values were derived by use of adjustment factors to exclde Ireight. Insurance, and other charges incurred in moving goods to the port of export. This
adjustment is made to convert the values to an approximation of the producers' value of exported goods. Current adjustment factors are based on data for 1981 which
are published in r.rlIen nI Exports of Kanurscturlng Establishment., MHI(AS)-5, appendix B. Comparable adjustment factors for earlier years are based on similer
factors developed f-r i'L and Q'.'. ITe current adosmernt lactr for this report is 0.9731.
4Source: Bureau of the Census report IN 145-X, U.S. Imports for Cona...ptior, and General Tmports.
5The value includes c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight at the ilrst pirt of entry In the United States plus U.S. import duties and other charges to the Import
point.
6Apparent consumption is derived by subtracting exports from the total of net shipments plus imports.
7Comparability of output, export, and import classifications for ingot and billet assume that blown, sheet bar, and slab are reported as Ingot on billet in the
output codes. Figures for imports of ingot and billet also include powder, crystal, and similar forms which are excluded from the output and export codes.


I I









Table 5. COMPARISON OF STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATIuN 'SIC) CODES, SCHEDULE B c4PORT NL4IB0 R., AND TSuL'P IMPORT NUMBERS


Product Poduct decor on Product description iport Fraduct desriptin
code number nubet.r

33562 74 Titanium ingot and forging and 630.6520 Titanium ingots, billets blooms, 629.14bO Unurought titanium metal. elrept
extrusion billet sheet bars, and slabs sponge

33562 19 Titanium mill products 630.6570 Wrought titanium metal including b29.2j000 Wrought titanium metal, including
alloys excludea sponge Ingots, alloys (excludes vaste, scrap,
billets brooms, sheet bars, and unwrought metal
slab, waste and scrap)

Comparability of output. export, and import clasaification for ingot and billet assume that bloom, sheet bar, and slab are reported as
ingot or billet La the output number.
2Figures for imports of Ingot and billet also Include powder crystals and aimllar primary forms which are excluded from the output and
export number.





6
DESCRIPTION OF SURVEY

Scope of Survey-This survey covers companies engaged in
producing titanium ingot, mill products, and castings.

Survey Methodology-The statistics in this publication are
collected by mail on Bureau of the Census monthly Form
ITA991, Titanium Metal. The panel for this survey includes all
known producers of titanium ingot, mill products, and castings,
approximately 30 companies.

Survey Error-Figures for the current month include estimates
for panel members for which reports were not received in time
for tabulation. Such missing figures are "imputed" based on
month-to-month movements shown by reporting firms. Imputa-
tion generally is limited to a maximum of 10 percent for any
one data cell. Figures with imputation rates greater than 10
percent are footnoted.
The imputation rate is not an explicit indicator of the
potential error in published figures due to nonresponse because
the actual monthly movements for nonrespondents may or may
not closely agree with the imputed movements. The probable
range of difference between the actual and imputed figures is
not precisely known but is assumed to be small. The degree of
uncertainty regarding the accuracy of the published data increase
as the percentage of imputation increases. Figures with imputa-
tion rates above 10 percent should be used with caution.


Revision to Previous Period Date-Data may be revised as the
result of corrected figures received from respondents or other
corrections. Figures which have been revised by more than 5
percent from previously published figures are indicated by
footnotes.

EXPLANATION OF TERMS

Gross Shipments of Mill Products-Represents mill shapes
between producers plus mill shapes consumed in the production
of fabricated products such as forgings.

Net Shipments of Mill Products-Represents gross shipments
less receipts. For detail categories, net shipments also includes
consumption in the manufacture of other mill shapes.


COMPARISON OF EXPORT, IMPORT, AND
DOMESTIC OUTPUT DATA

The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system used for
domestic output and the statistical export and import com-
modity classifications were developed independently. This
results in considerable difficulty in comparing the three types of
data for many commodity areas. The domestic output classifica-
tion is based on type of industry; on the other hand, the export
and import classification system is more materials oriented.
Aside from the differences in the basic commodity classifica-
tions, there are additional problems involving import data, since
there are a substantial number of imported commodities which


are not produced in the United States or which are produced
only in very small quantities and which, therefore, have no com
parable domestic output classification. The relationships shown
in this report should be considered only as approximations,
since, in addition to the problems mentioned above, there are
also the following problems affecting the comparability of the
three sets of data.



Valuation-There are different methods of valuation for the
three types of data:

Domestic Output-Valued at the point of production. It
includes the net sales price, f.o.b. plant, after discounts and
allowances, exclusive of freight charges and excise taxes.


Exports-Valued at the point of exportation. It includes
the selling price, or cost if not sold, and inland freight,
insurance, and other charges to the export point.
Estimated producers' values of exports have also been
developed. These values more closely approximate the values
reported for domestic output because they exclude freight.
insurance, and other charges applied from the producing
plant to the export point.


Imports-Valued at the first port of entry in the United
States. It includes c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight), duty,
and other charges to the import point.


Duplication in Quantity and Value of Output-Because
producers' shipments of some commodities may be used as
materials for incorporation into other commodities, combina-
tions of data for such commodities may contain a certain
amount of duplication. Thus, percentages of exports to output
or imports to apparent consumption (output plus imports minus
exports) at four-digit or broader levels may be understated.
Where duplication is known to be substantial, the output data
are appropriately noted in the table.


Estimated Low-Valued Export and Import Transactions -The
import statistics include estimated value data for shipments
valued under $251. Effective August 1982, value data for
shipments valued under $251 are estimated from factors based
on the ratios of under $251 shipments to individual country
totals. Prior to August 1982, estimates were based on a
1-percent sample of documents for shipments valued under
$251. Effective with the statistics for March 1979, the lower
limit of the value ranges for estimating data for low-value export
shipments was raised from $251 to $501. Effective July 1981,
the statistics for countries other than Canada reflect fully
compiled data for shipments valued over $500. Prior to July
1981, these data were fully compiled only for shipments valued
$1,000 and over, while shipments valued $501 to $999 were
estimated, based on a 50-percent sample.








Manufacturers' Shipments, Not Specified by Kind-The value
of manufacturers' shipments at the four-digit industry level
often includes a small amount which is not distributed among
the individual five-digit product classes. Export and import
percentages at the more detailed levels might, therefore, be
slightly overstated.

Time Lag Between Output and Exports-There will be a lag
between the time a commodity is produced or shipped by the
producer and the time it is actually exported, especially when
intermediaries (wholesalers, exporters, etc.) are involved.
Ordinarily, this type of discrepancy is insignificant in annual
figures.

"Direct" vs "Total" Commodity Exports and Imports-
Export and import data do not include materials which are
incorporated into other more finished products and exported or
imported in finished form. Thus, by showing only direct exports
and imports, the relation of exports to output and imports to
apparent consumption for intermediate products is considerably
understated.

Used Commodities-With a few exceptions, used or rebuilt
commodities are classified in the same import or export codes as
is new merchandise. Percentages are thus overstated to the
extent that used or rebuilt products are significant in trade.


Geographic Area of Coverage-Import and export data reflect
the movement of merchandise into and out of U.S. foreign trade
zones, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the U.S. customs territory
(includes the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto
Rico).


RELATED REPORTS

A monthly Current Industrial Report also is published in


this series. The Bureau
related reports:

Series Frequency


Current Industrial Reports

M33-2 Monthly


M33A Monthly

M33E Monthly

MA33B Annually

MA33G Annually

Other Industry Reports


M3-1


(AS)


Monthly


Annually


(MC) Quinquennially

Foreign Trade Reports


EM 546 Monthly


IM 145-X Monthly


HISTORICAL NOTE


of the Census publishes the following


Title


Aluminum Ingot and Mill
Products

Iron and Steel Castings

Nonferrous Castings

Steel Mill Products

Magnesium Mill Products



Manufacturers'Shipments,
Inventories, and Orders

Annual Survey of Manufactures
(ASM)


Census of Manufactures


U.S. Exports-Schedule B-
Commodity by Country

U.S. Imports for Consumption
and General Imports


Data on titanium metal have been collected by the Bureau of
the Census since 1955. Historical data may be obtained from
Current Industrial Reports (called Facts for Industry before
1959) available at your local Federal Depository Library. A list
of these libraries may be obtained from the Bureau of the
Census regional offices:

Office Telephone


Atlanta, Georgia
Boston, Massachusetts
Charlotte, North Carolina
Chicago, Illinois
Dallas, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Detroit, Michigan
Kansas City, Kansas
Los Angeles, California
New York, New York
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Seattle, Washington


(404) 881-2271
(617) 223-2327
(704) 3716142
(312) 353-6251
(214) 767-0625
(303) 234-3924
(313) 226-7742
(816) 374-4601
(213) 824-7317
(212) 264-3860
(215) 597-4920
(206) 442-7080


Subject Area

Current Industrial
Report ITA991


Manufacturers'
Shipments, Inventories,
and Orders


Census/ASM

To order a Census
publication

Foreign Trade
publication

Bureau of Industrial
Economics


Contact

Nathaniel Shelton


Kathleen Menth




Dale Gordon

Customer Services
(DUSD)

Juanita Noone


James Manion


Phone Number

(301) 763-5547


(301) 763-2575




(301) 763-7304

(301) 763-4100


(301) 763-5140


(202) 377-5157


CONTACTS FOR DATA USERS






Superintendent of Documents
U.S Government Printing Office
Washington. D.C. 20402

Official Business
Penalty for Private Use. S300


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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POSTAGE & FEES PAID
CENSUS
PERMIT No. G-58


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This report was prepared in the Industry Division, Bureau of
the Census, under the direction of Malcolm Bernhardt, Chief.
Current Durables Branch, and Jesse Havard Chief, Metals


Section. Nathaniel Shelton was directly responsible for the
review of the data and preparation of the report. Gaylord E.
Worden, Chief of the Division, and Thomas L. Mesenbourg,
Assistant Chief for Current Industrial Reports, provided overall
direction and coordination to this project.